Newspaper Page Text
Pair and warmer today, followed by local Th® Evening and Sunday Star is showers and thunderstorms late tonight ' delivered in the city and suburbs at and tomorrow: moderate south winds. 75c per month. The Night Final Temperatures yesterday—Highest, 79, at , 4 p.m.; lowest, 63. at 3:15 a.m. Edition and Sunday Morning Star at Prom the United States Weather Bureau report. P®r mOnth. Pull details on Paae A-2. ■ ■ ■ . ' » ■ ■ i _ 0 No. 1,846— No. 35,159. WASHINGTON, D. C., AUGUST 4, 1940-120 PAGES. * aJSUBFR** TEN CENTS Willkie to Limit Campaign Cost To $2,500,000 Reduced Goal Is Set Despite Loophole In Hatch Act By J. A. O'LEARY. Bur Staff Correspondent. COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.. Aug. 3.—Wendell L. Willkie tonight proclaimed a determined effort to hold the total cost of his campaign for the presidency down to approxi mately $2,500.000—well within thS $3,000,000 limit of the Hatch Act and only half the sum spent on the 1936 Republican campaign. He emphasized that he wanted the $2,500,000 limitation to include the outlays of the independent Willkie clubs and the group of De mocratic Willkie supporters as well as the National Committee ex penditures—in other words, the full amount spent on the presidential campaign. Mr. Willkie set this reduced goal on the campaign budget despite a written opinion from Henry P. Fletcher, general counsel of the na tional committee, pointing cut that State or local committees are not included in the $3,000,000 Hatch Act limit on a national' political committee, concluding therefore, that State and local committees could also raise up to that amount. Economical Campaign Pledged “We are going to conduct an economical campaign, because we don't believe in an expensive cam paign.'’ Mr. Willkie declared, at the end of a day in which he and party leaders sought to cut the party budget to achieve that goal. Other developments of the day were: Announcement by House Minority Leader Martin, Republican national chairman, that he win mark off the 48 States into 15 or 16 regions, and appoint within the next week per sonal representative for each region to serve as a contact man in keep ing him advised of the progress of the campaign in each area. Appointment by Mr. Martin of Representative Hope of Kansas to be chairman of the farm division of the Western headquarters in Chicago, with Representative An dresen of Minnesota as vice chair man. To Meet Farm Leaders. Meanwhile. Mr. Willkie an nounced that his purpose in flying to Des Moines, Iowa, tomorrow afternoon for an all-day confer ence Monday with more than 60 farm leaders is to "learn all I can about that problem.” He said he wanted to get their ideas before completing the agri cultural part of his acceptance speech, and to get a broader cross section of their views for use in one or two farm speeches later in the campaign. With National Chairman Martin and Executive Director John M. Hamilton seated beside him, Mr. Willkie revealed that the first step agreed on in the campaign economy program was to eliminate paid speakers and to reduce to a mini mum the use of sound trucks. Declaring his belief in a bal anced party budget as well as the Nation's budget, the Republicans, he said, will seek to carry on the campaign with voluntary speakers, who will be campaigning because of their interest in the cause. In 1936, Mr. Hamilton said, the Re publican Speakers’ Bureau spent $301,000,' which included clerical personnel as well as speakers. The tentative decision yesterday was to hold, the routine expenses of a Speakers’ Bureau to $50,000. Davis to Introduce Willkie. In connection with the notifica tion ceremonies at Elwood. Ind., August 17, it was announced that Senator Davis, Republican, of Penn sylvania. who also began his career in Elwood, will introduce Mr. Will kie to the assembled crowd at one of the exercises that day, on the steps of the high school Mr. Willkie attended. This will precede the speech of acceptance in the city park. It was decided also today to have Representative Halleck of Indiana, who nominated Mr. Willkie at Phil adelphia. introduce Chairman Mar tin as the presiding officer at the notification ceremonies. Ordinarily, the permanent chairman of the con vention introduces the national chairman on this occasion, but Mr. Martin filled both posts this year, and smilingly pointed out that, ob viously. he could not introduce him self. In discussing his desire for an eco (See WILLKIE, Page A-10.) British Ship Reported Torpedoed Off Gibraltar £s the Associated Press. CADIZ. Spain, Aug. 4 (Sunday).— The torpedoing of an unidentified British merchantman by a subma rines a few miles off the British fortress of Gibraltar was reported early today when 35 survivors were landed here by the Palacio. another British merchant vessel. The survivors identified the sub marine as German but gave no de tails on the torpedoing or on their ship. Dance Act Pigeon Meets Spy's Fate In Bucharest Bt the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Aug. 3.—Fernando Romero. Mexican dancer, and his wife Sonya arrived from Europe today on the passenger freighter Exmoor—but missing was Mathilda, the pigeon they used in their tour ing dance act. Mathilda, they said, was executed In Bucharest by Rumanian officials who could not be argued out of their fear that the bird was a carrier pigeon working with spies. Glass to Support Ticket Despite 3d-Term Views Senator Glass of Virginia, whose third-term denunciation was a high light of the Democratic convention at Chicago, will vote for President Roosevelt in November. The Virginian, who is at his home in Lynchburg, last night made known his intention of supporting the ticket despite his emphatic views on the third-term question, explaining that as a member of the nominating convention he felt “in honor bound" to abide by the action taken there. Senator Glass has been invited by Senator Burke, Democrat, of Ne braska to testify at the heavn.gs starting August 12 on the Burke resolution for a constitutional amendment to limit the presioency to one term of six years, but does not plan to appear unless Senator Burke insists, he says, believing his stand is so well known that his, at tendance at the hearing is unnec essary. “I will, however, vote for and otherwise support Senator Burke's resolution," the Virginian declared, adding that he had so advised his colleague. Canada Weighs Steps Against Mayor Who Defied War Law Montreal Official Calls On Country to Resist National Registration OTTAWA. Aug. 3 (Canadian Press'.—The Canadian government tonight considered what action should be taken against Camillien Houde. Montreal's stormy petrel Mayor, who has expressed his in tention of defying the government's national registration act and has counselled Montreal's population to do the same. A statement handed by the Mayor yesterday to Montreal newspaper men and withheld from publication in Canadian newspapers at the di rection of the press censors was read in the House of Commons to day by R. B. Hanson. Conservative leader. Censorship restrictions on its use were then lifted Charges Conscription Step. In it. Mayor Houde declared "peremptorily against national reg istration" which is to be held Au gust 19, 20, 21 as a census of the nation's manpower and which will be used in the mobilization of men for duty in the militia on Canadian soil. Mayor Houde charged that the registration was a "measure of con scription” and that the government had pledged itself in pre-election speeches "that there would be no conscription under any form what ever. Houde issued his statement after a Montreal civic official had placed city buildings at the disposal of registration officials. At the sug gestion of Mayor Houde the city Executive Committee revoked per mission for use of the buildings. Criticizes Press Censors. Hanson told the Commons today that Houde "openly defied the law of Canada.” He criticized the ac tion of the press censors in order ing the "suppression" of newspaper stories about the statement and ad dressed four questions to the gov ernment: 1. Is there any longer a free press in Canada? 2. What action does the govern ment propose to take to vindicate the majesty of the law? 3. Is the government prepared to meet defiance of the law by the Mayor of Montreal? 4. Will the government have the action of the press censors re viewed. King Promises Statement. Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King said the House could rely on the government to see that the laws of the country were upheld. He promised a statement later, when he would be more conversant with the facts of the case. In his statement yesterday Mayor Houde said he believed Parliament had no mandate to "vote conscrip tion,” adding “I do not myself be lieve that I am held to conform to the said law and I have no inten j tion of so doing; and I ask the population not to conform * * *” Recorded Bible Talks Stolen SUPERIOR, Wis„ Aug. 3 </P).— The thief who stole a phonograph and four records from the car of Anton Velin of Maple is in for a surprise—when he plays them, he'll hear four Bible lectures. Japan Protests Aviation Gas Export Ban Crisis Seen Near In U. S. Relations With Tokio By BLAIR BOLLES. American-Japanese relations en tered a crucial phase yesterday with Ambassador Kensuke Horinouchi’s presentation to the State Depart ment of a communication in pro test against the presidential em bargo on aviation gasoline exports which Japan needs for the pursuit of l^r war against China. Ambassador Horinouchi, who had an interview with Undersecretary of State Welles, said he was acting on instruction from his government. It. was believed here that the pro test touches off at last the gather ing diplomatic crisis in our Far Eastern policy presaged more than a year ago with the American de nunciation of the 1911 commercial treaty between the two countries. There was no indication yesterday as to what Mr. Welles said to the Ambassador or as to when the State Department will reply, but it w-as ext’cted *that the reply when it came would oe a severely worded statement summarizing anew the American opposition to Japan's foreign policy. lT. S. Bolsters Chinese Morale. The chief aim of this Govern ment i£ its current Asiatic policy j is to bolster the morale of the Chinese Nationalist government! headed by Chiang Kai-shek and to j to forestall the Japanese in their efforts to bring about the sort of peace that would insure Japanese victory. T tis peace, it L: felt, would free Japanese energy for the move to control what Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoye calls "Greater East Asia"—including French Indo china and the Netherlands Indies. Japan has been seeking some sort of peaceful conclusion o».the Chi nese undertaking since March, when it put Wang Ching-wei in charge of a puppet Chinese government with headquarters at Nanking. The administration naturally found heartening the apparent Eng lish decision to pursue a vigorous policy with regard to Japan after an attempt at appeasement of Jap (See AVIATION GAS, Page A-4.) ~ Paraguayans Vote Today On New Constitution By the Associated Press. ASUNCION, Paraguay, Aug. 3.— Paraguayans will decide tomorrow in the second plebiscite in this na tion's history whether* to adopt or reject a new constitution promul gated July 10 by Gen. Jose Felix Estigarribia. President of Paraguay since last August 15 and virtual dic tator since February 18. The first plebiscite was held in 1938, when the armistice ending long hostilities with Bolivia was approved. The new’ constitution centralizes the administration of the country's affairs, provides for state regula tion of production and protection of workmen aitd government assign ment of public lands to farmers. It would supplant the constitution of 1870, Six Die as Fast Train Demolishes Automobile By thp Associated Press. WILMINGTON. 111.. Aug. 3.-A last Chicago and Alton passenger train struck an automobile near here today, killing six persons, four ol them children, who were return ing from a swimming trip. TTie dead were Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Callahan Joliet; their daughter Eileen. 9; a son, William. 2; an 1 unidentified girl of 14 and an un I identified boy of about 4. Deputy Coroner Ruth Brannon | said the automobile was demolished and the bodies were strewn along the right of way. — Greece Loses 9 Ships In War During July By the Associated Press. ATHENS. Greece, Aug. 3.—Greece lost nine vessels, totaling 33.544 tons, in the war during July, it was reported tonight. Since the war began. Greece has lost 46 ships, aggregating 201,346 tons. Old Law Sidestepped, McNary Escapes Fine on Power Line By J. A. FOX. The Government has finally man aged to sidestep a 132-year-old statute that put a New Deal power project in a legalistic hole and hung the "threat" ot a $3,000 fine over Senate Minority Leader McNary, the Republican vice presidential candidate, it was disclosed yester day in a decision by Acting Con troller General Elliott. The trouble centered around the Bonneville Dam, for which the Gov ernment needed right-of-way for a transmission line across the Oregon farms of Senator McNary and a neighbor. Ownership of the land was to be transferred to the Bonne ville Power Administration for $3,090, and that is where the hitch came. The ancient statute provides a $3,000 fine for any member of Con gress who enters into a contractual arrangement with the Government, so the Interior Department asked Attorney General Jackson just where that put the power authorities and the Senator. The department thought that a contract might be waived, simply consummating the transaction by a simultaneous ex change of the deed to the land and the check for $3,090. The Attorney General passed, pointing out that the decision was one for the controller general's office. Mr. Elliott said the suggested pro cedure was whipping the devil around a stump. He suggested that the right-of-way be acquired by condemnation/ which would make everything proper, even though it did take time. So, now there'll be condemnation proceedings. But they're going to be a little on the post-mortem side, for the Bonneville Authority advised the Interior Department yesterday that the transmission line already is in place. Senator McNary. it happens, was a principal sponsor of the Bonneville project, and determined that no statutory legacy from the administration of Thomas Jefferson was going to interfere with some thing his constituents wanted. He had told the Government to go ahead with the line, and let the technicalities take eare of them selves later. Nazi Air Attack FoilowsWarning By Churchill British Warplanes Strike at Foe's Blitzkrieg Bases By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 4 (Sunday).— German warplanes lashed Engiand, Scotland and Wales with heavy bomb attacks early today, several hours after Prime Minister Churchill warned Britons to be ready for a mass Nazi attack at any time. Authorities said, however, that the raids caused no material damage and no casualties. The heaviest anti-aircraft fire yet heard in Wales greeted enemy planes over many coastal towns and well inland. Some bombs were dropped, but the' defense fire re peatedly broke up attempts at a, sustained raid, reports said. AttacW. Lasts 45 Minutes. The Germans cruised over north east, southeast and southwest Scot land for 45 minutes, dropping high explosives in attacks, authorities said, on open country districts. A terrific explosion shook water- I front property in a northeast Eng land coast town as enemy planes flew over. Southwest Engiand also was visited but there was no bomb- j ing. The British reported last night their air raiders had gone across the channel to fxiund at likely blitzkrieg springboards _ while the ground forces worked at top speed to seal the island kingdom against Invasion. Warns of Propoganda. Mr. Churchill, in a statement 1 from No. 10 Downing Street, ad vised the nation to beware of Ger- ■ man propaganda and to look “with a double dose" of suspicion on hints that no invasion may be impending "The Prime Minister." his state- ; ment said, "wishes it to be known that the possibility of German at tempts at invasion has by no means passed away. “The fact that the Germans are now putting about rumors that they do not intend an invasion should h* regarded wdth a double dose of the suspicion *hat attaches to all their utterances. “Our sense of growing strength and preparedness must not lend to the slightest relaxation of vigilance or moral alertness." More Arrive From Dominions. At, the same time, it was disclosed that more men have arrived from the dominions to buttress the man power defending this island citadel and the Air Ministry reported new raids on military objectives in France. Belgium. Holland and Ger many throughout Friday. Hangars, runways and grounded aircraft were sprayed w»iih bombs and machine gun fire from low alti tudes ir. daylight attacks on air bases in France. Belgium and Hol land, the ministry said. Chief targets of night forays were said to have been German air fields and oil depots at Emden. Hamburg. Misburg. Salzbergen and Emwerick. Particularly at the great port of Hamburg, previously described as virtually ruined by months of re peated air attack, and at Salzbergen. the ministry said, ‘‘damage is con sidered to have been extensive." Canadian Unit Is Fifth. The new troops W’ere Australians, brought in to reinforce the thou sands of Anzacs who came in mid June. Disclosure of their arrival followed by only a day the landing of the fifth—and largest—contingent of Canadians. Strengthening of the first line of home defense—the naval guard—as well as the possibility of another cabinet shake-up to revitalize the inner councils also were indicated in Britain's drive for impregnability. Return of the British fleet at Gibraltar to home waters was re ported by the French newspaper Le Petit Dauphinois of Grenoble. The Admiralty, however, had no comment on Le Petit Dauphinois’ dispatch from Tangier. Spanish Morocco, that two groups of British worships, including five submarines, seven destroyers, two aircraft car riers. three cruisers and three aux iliary ships, had sailed west into the Atlantic Friday. Again. German bombers made re peated attacks yesterday, but the Ministries of Air and Home Secur ity said damage w’as slight. Nazi planes raided the Midlands. Eastern Scotland. Southeastern Eng land and the Bristol Channel area before dawn yesterday and returned for a few daylight stabs later. A number of bombs fell on South east England also late last night, but most W'ere said to have landed on waste land, and neither casualties nor damage was reported. Volunteers Number 1,250,000. The newly arrived dominion troops are slated for first-line duty whenever the Nazi strategy shifts from the slow war of air raid and blockade to the fast war of mass at tack and blitzkrieg. Behind them and Britain's sea soned regulars in the home defense (See LONDON, Pagef/wO President at Hyde Park For Week of Rest By the Assocltted Press. HIGHLAND, N. Y.. Aug. 3.— President Roosevelt arrived here tonight from Washington, stepping from his special train into a White House car to motor to his home in nearby Hyde Park for perhaps a week's rest. Only a small White House work ing staff accompanied him. The President may inspect some Navy and other defense sites in the vicinity. He also is expected to visit the Portsmouth Navy Yard in the near future. Radio Programs, Page F-5 Complete Index, Page A-2 HIIIIJTOBE. a soldier- UNLESS I M _HE. VOLUNTEERS ) Conscription Also Makes Strange Bedfellows ___•_ _ _ Compromise Proposal Would Use Draft Only If Enlistment Fails One-Year Term at $30 Per Month Suggested By Senator Maloney By ROBERT BRUSKIN. A compromise plan to use con scription only If voluntary one-year enlistments proved insufficient to meet the Army’s needs was proposed yesterday as reports spread that Senator Byrnes. Democrat, of South Carolina, would lead adminstration forces in support of the Burke Wadsworth compulsory military training bill. Senator Lee, Democrat, of Okla homa. a supporter of compulsory training, declared an informal sur vey had convinced him that a com promise was necessary to get the bill through the House and Senate. Senator Burke, Democrat, of Ne braska. asserted, however, that less than 20 votes would be cast in oppo sition to the bill of which he is co author. He said it was his under standing that Senator Byrnes would be the unofficial leader in marshal ing votes for the measure, sched uled for a final action tomorrow by the Senate Military Affairs Com mittee. Maloney Drafting Plan. Incorporating recommendations of a bi-partisan group and former Sec retary of War Woodring, the com promise proposal is being drafted by Senator Maloney, Democrat, of Connecticut. It would order that registration be carried out as pro vided in the Burke-Wadsworth bill, but that conscription be delayed un til possibly January 1. In the meantime, voluntary en listments for one year's training would be attempted, with the basic Army pay scale being raised from $21 to $30 a month. If there w'ere insufficient volun teers to meet the Army's require ments by the specified date, con scription would go into effect auto matically. However, only enough conscripts would be summoned to matce up the difference between the number who had volunteerd and the quota which previously had been fixed by the Army. Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana, looked upon as the un official leader of a bi-partisan gicup opposing compulsory military serv ice, said the Maloney compromise would be acceptable to him and others of like views if the Senate would not agree to try the voluntary one-year enlistment system without any conscription strings. Army Objections Raised. Army officials already nave ob jected to this method of obtaining recruits necessary to bring the reg ular troops and National Guard to war strength immediately. One vet eran officer recalled yesterday that in 1920 and 1921 several thousand recruits were obtained under one year enlistments, instead of the standard three-year term, but that it proved costly and inefficient. He, added that even if sufficient recruits were obtained, which was doubt ful, they would disorganize exist ing troops. He pointed out that under this plan recruits would be obtained in "driblets" that constant arrival and discharge of the shorb-term sol diers would threaten the stability of organizations and it would be all but Impossible to train them and regular troops effectively. Under conscription, recruits would arrive almost simultaneously and their training could be co-ordinated under a definite program which (See CONSCRIPTION, Page A-5.) Chadwick Seeks G. 0. P. Senatorial Nomination By the Associated Press. SEATTLE, Aug. 3.—Stephen P. Chadwick, national commander of the American Legion last year and a lifelong Democrat of independent leanings, today announced his can didacy for United States Senator on the Republican ticket. Mr. Chadwick recently announced he would support the Willkie McNary Republican ticket. He ran for the same senatorial office in 1932 as a Democrat. Beaten by Senator Bone in the primary, he switched his support to Republican Wesley Jones in the final. Hershberger, Reds' Catcher, Kills Self With Razor Blade Appeared Depressed After Team's Loss Of Double-Header B? the Associated Press. BOSTON. Aug. 3.—Willard Hersh berger. 29. popular catcher for the Cincinnati Reds baseball team, com mitted suicide in his hotel room to day by cutting his throat with a razor blade.. Medical Examiner Tim othy Leary announced tonight. Dr. Leary said Hershberger, who had been in professional baseball for a decade and was-hi the midst of his third year with the Reds, was found ; lying over the bathtub in his room,1 his coat and shirt off. There were no notes. Police said they found several un cashed pay checks in his pocket. Gabriel Paul, traveling secretary for the Cincinnati club, said in a statement that Manager Bill Mc Kechnie had noticed Hershberger s "depressed mental condition follow ing yesterday’s double-header." both games of which the Reds lost. Seemed in Good Spirits. McKechnie. Paul said, talked to the catcher for some time and after- I ward Hershberger "was in much bet- j Healthy and Happy, Hershberger's Last Message to Mother B? the Associated Press. THREE RIVERS. Calif.. Aug. 3—Mrs. Maude Hershberger collapsed today after receiving news of the death in Boston of her son. Willard Hershberger, catcher for the Cincinnati Reds baseball team-. She had received a letter this morning in which he said he was healthy and happy. ter spirits and sat around the lobby with some of the players.-’ Hershberger was in "good spirits” this morning, the club secretary said, but when asked by his roommate. Bill Baker, if he was going to the park, replied he would go out a bit late. When Hershberger failed to ap pear. Paul said they called him on the telephone at 1:10 pm. and that he answered: “I'm sick and cant play, but I’ll come out right away anyway.” Paul said that Sam Cohen, a Cin (See HERSHBERGER, Page A-4.) Newsmen on Tour Of Hamburg See No 'Pulverization' Business in Full Swing, Canoeists on Canals, Correspondents Find By thf Associated Press. HAMBURG. Germany. Aug. 3—A small group of German. Italian and American journalists rode into Ham burg today on the hard benches of a military transport plane, but in a swift 2’2-hour trip through the city saw canoeists paddling on shady canals and business in full swing. The trip was arranged hurriedly by the Propaganda Ministry in re sponse to British reports quoted by the German press as saying this im portant shipbuilding center had been "pulverized." • An authoritative British source, telling yesterday of 3.000 air raids on more than 100 Ger man cities, said the port of Ham burg is "now practically in ruins." This source said Hamburg, with oil refineries, munitions factories and docks which are in the cen ter of the city, had been*“pul verized again and again.” - It is necessary to bear, in mind the distinction betwen port and city. All attacks, the British source said, had been “planned with studious care with the object of avoiding damage if possible to towns and cities which are non military objectives.”) Saw No “Pulverization.” On the basis of a 2^-hour trip around Hamburg, one can hardly claim to be an authority on what, has been going on in all parts of this third largest city in Germany, but the correspondents saw no “pulverization.” The trip included a visit to the tower of St. Michaelis Church, a! popular spot for tourists seeking a bird's-eye view of the city. The tSee HAMBURG, Page A-10.) Army Flyer Dies in Crash; Unite Saves Companion By the Associated Press. INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 3 —An Army training monoplane crashed and burned 18 miles southeast of here late today,' killing Dwjght "W. Brill, 48. of Zionsville. Ind., captain i» the Reserve Officers Corps. Serg* Edward E. Toye, 28, of Port Benjamin Harrison, a member of the organized Army Reserve Corps., escaped by parachute. Spectators said the plane, piloted by Capt. Brill, apparently developed motor trouble, went into a flat spin, exploded and caught fire as it struck the ground. Sergt. Toye's parachute landed him 200 feet from the wreckage. He ran to the burning plane and dragged Capt. Brill from the cock pit, but the officer was dead when removed. Diplomatic Crisis Grows From British Arrest of Japanese Nipponese Ships Reported Ordered to Make for Lisbon, Portugal By the Associated Press. LONDON. Aug. 3—A diplomatic crisis over Britain's sudden detention of the London representatives of two of Japan's most powerful families— a seizure that almost paralleled the recent arrest of Britons in Japan— appeared to be developing tonight. An unconfirmed report that all Japanese ships sailing for Great Britain had been ordered to make for Lisbon. Portugal was circulated by Exchange Telegraph. British news agency. The agency attributed the report to the Berlin wireless The Jap anese earlier had expressed objec tions to the British blockade of Europe, which now extends from the Arctic to North Africa. Swift Reaction to Arrests. Britain's arrest of the Japanese brought a swift reaction. The Jap anese Ambassador. Mamoru Shige mitsu. went to the very top—to For eign Minister Lord Halifax himself— to make a "strong protest” and in a 20-minute interview with the vis count he was reported to have made an outright demand that the in ternees. Satoru Makihara and Shun sukei Tanabe, be released forthwith. Makihara and Tanabe, agents of the fabulously wealthy Mitsubishi and Mitsui families—members of a small group of such families which controls nearly all Japanese indus try and finance—were arrested quietly during the night and other reports indicated that arrests of other Japanese were going forward all over the British Empire. Nothing was said officially by the British, but, unofficially, it was de clared that the arrests were made on the grounds of national "security” under the act regulating aliens in wartime. At the same time, sections of the London press carried reports of the ferreting out of a widespread spy syndicate in the empire, espe cially in Canada Australia and Burma. All this provided a set of cir cumstances almost identical under (See JAPANESE, Page A-10.) Man, Shot in Leg, Says Radio Irked Assailant With a severe gunshot wound in his left leg, Earl Sweeney, 25 of Forestville, Md„ was reported in serious condition at Providence Hos pital early this morning. Mr. Sweeney told District police the owner of a farm shot him because he played a radio in his parked automobile. Farmhand! car ried the injured man to the hos pital. House Fight Due On Senatorships For District Reed to Resist Move To Restore Proviso To Suffrage Bill BACKGROUND— Plank adopted in Democratic platform favoring District suf frage was followed by House Ju diciary Committee approval of Sumners resolution for a consti tutional amendment empowering Congress to grant District na tional representation and. to delegate legislative power to a local government. Committee limited proposed congressional power by amending resolution to make permissive representation in House, instead of Congress, thus preventing representation in Senate. Original Sumners reso lution introduced in Senate by Chairman King of Senate Dis trict Committee. House proponents of national rep resentation in both Houses of Con gress for voteless residents of the District made preparations last night to make a fight on the floor to re store to the Sumners resolution the provision allowing election of Senate representatives. The provision was removed from the original Sumners resolution by the House Judiciary Committee be fore reporting it favorably Thurs day, 14 to 3. Representative Reed. Republican, of Illinois, who offered the amend ment. said he had learned a move was to be made to restore the reso lution to its original form and said he is prepared to "resist'’ it, At the same time. Senator Cap per. Republican, of Kansas, long a champion of national represema tion for the District, predicted the House would approve the provision to give the District the right to have representatives in the Senate as well as the House. Calls It Discriminatory. "I am strong for the Sumners resolution in its original form " he declared. "I don't think the reso lution with the Reed amendment is fair. It has an element of discrim ination. If the House refuses to change the resolution back to its original form, then we can make a fight for it in the Senate." With the House in a week-end recess yesterday, no member could be found who would admit he was ready to offer a proposal to counter act the Reed amendment. Several members, however, said they be I lieved Chairman Sumners of the l Judiciary Committee would do It, since it was his resolution. Chairman Sumners could not be reached. It was reported he left Washington for the week end. Senate Unit to Meet. Meantime, a special subcommit tee of the Senate Judiciary Commit tee planned to meet tomorrow to decide definitely whether to start public hearings on the original Sum ners resolution now or await Hon e action. Senator King. Democrat, of Utah, chairman of the special sub committee. said: "The meeting will be brief. All 11 intend to find out from the mem | bers is whether they want to go | right ahead with hearings or wait until tfte House acts on the Sum ners resolution.-’ The time for the meeting has not been fixed, but Chairman King said it probably would be held in the afternoon. He explained the time had not yet been fixed because he had been unable to talk with sev eral members who are not in Wash ington Representative Sumners and Sen ator King probably will hold a con ference before the meeting. Rules Committee Meeting Due. The House Rules Committee, at the request of Representative Sum j ners. is expected to hold a special meeting Tuesday at 10:30 a m. to | consider a proposal that a rule be I granted giving the amended Sum j ners resolution a privileged status | so it can be acted on within 10 days, j Mr .Sumners, however, has not vet i requested the committee meeting, but is expected to do so when he returns to Washington tomorrow. House leaders are confident the I rule will be granted. Their views ] are supported by a poll of the com j mittee which indicated the vote will be practically unanimous. Representative Reed, in an inter view yesterday, said: "I understand an attempt is to be made on the floor of the House as soon as the Sumners resolution as amended is called up to amend (See SUFFRAGE: Page A-3.) $766,000,000 New High i For Posfal Receipts By the Associated Press. Postal receipts reached an all time high of $766,000,000 in the fiscal year ended June 30, the Post Office Department announced last night. This exceeded receipts for the year before, the previous high, by $20,000,000. In a statement accompanying the announcement. Tostmaster General Pariey reported “a net operating postal surplus for the year of about $8,000,000 with respect to that part of the postal savings that are ren dered to the public for hire.” Postal gains were general through out the country and not confined to any particular area. Mr. Farlev said. For the last six years, the Post Office Department has reported a net surplus after deducting air mail subsidies and estimated costs of handling free mail. Annual gross expenditures, however, have run around $45,000,000 in excess of reve nues. Exact figures for the last fiscal year will not be disclosed until the Postmaster General makes his an nual report to the President next December.