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Text of Pershing Address
World War Leader Urges U. S. Aid Britain By Turning Over Old Destroyers By the Auoclmted Preu. The text of Oen. John J. Pershing’s radio address last night, "The Security of the Americas,” follows: I am speaking tonight because I consider it my duty. It is my duty to tell you that, in my opinion, we face problems of the utmost serious ness, that all the things we hold most dear are gravely threatened. I must tell you that we can defend them only if we make up our minds now to speak the truth without con cealment; if we make up our minds to face the truth without flinching; if we make up our minds to act upon the truth without hesitating. I think you will believe me when I say that no war was ever pre vented by hiding the danger and by arguing that the danger does not exist. The men who are best qualified to know what is going on in Eu rope and in Asia and in this hemis phere, the men whose business it is to know the facts, are very nearly unanimous in believing what I am saying to you tonight—that grave danger for us lurks in the present world situation. So the time has come when we must rise up as a united people to make secure our country’s independence and our great inheritance of constitutional liberty. Appeasers Are Cited. More than half the world is ruled by men who despise the American Idea and have sworn to destroy it. They know that while one great people remains independ ent and free because it is strong and is brave, they can never crush finally the people they have con quered. The example of liberty here will always continue to inspire the resistance to tyranny over there. They are fanatical and they are strong. They are efficient and they are ruthless. Eight nations have tried to appease them. The ap peasers of eight nations are dead or in jail or discredited and ruined. In seven of these eight nations the appeasers who would not take the danger seriously, who would not prepare when there was still time, have led their countries to disaster. It is not hysterical to insist that democracy and liberty are threat ened. With democracy and liberty overthrown on the continent of Eu rope, only the British are left to defend democracy and liberty in Europe. By sending help to the British, we can still hope with confidence to keep the war on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, where the enemies of liberty, if possible, should be defeated. But some are bold about what they would do tomorrow, if Great Britain is defeated and the war comes to this hemisphere. I say to you solemnly that tomorrow may be forever too late to keep war from the Americas. Today may be the last time when by measures short of war we can still prevent war. Urge* Strong Force. We must be ready to meet force with a stronger force. We must make ourselves strong by building up our Army and Navy and the es tablishment of the principle of uni versal selected service, which means merely that the men needed are chosen by lot. And I em telling you tonight, be cause it is my duty to warn you before it is too late, that the British Navy needs destroyers and small craft to convoy merchant ships, to escort its warships, to hunt sub marines and to repel invasion. We have an immense reserve of de stroyers left over from the other war, and in a few months the British will be completing a large number of destroyers of their own. The most critical time, therefore, is the next few weeks and months. If there is anything we can do to help save the British fleet during that time, we shall be failing in our duty to America if we do not do it. 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America will safeguard her freedom and security by making available to the British or Canadian govern ments at least 50 of the overage destroyers which are left from the days of the World War. If the destroyers help save the British fleet, they may save us from the danger and hardship of another war. Americans should not shrink from duty because of possible hazards. I know that many sincere patriots are frightened at the thought of even the smallest act because they think such acts would lead us closer to the day when another American Expeditionary Force sets sail for Europe. It is my opinion that in this war it would be absolute folly even to consider sending another expeditionary force. No one is con sidering it and those who may say that any one is considering it are deceiving themselves and deceiving you. New Kind of War. We must have the strength of character to face the truth. Fore most among the truths which we will ignore at our peril is that the time needed to build our own de fenses may be lengthened if we have the courage to make the small but Important contribution which is still within our power toward the sus taining of the British defense. A new kind of war is loose in the world—fought with all weapons, in cluding treason, and fought most insidiously during what some of our countrymen call “peacetime.” It is a war against the civilization that we know. It is a revolution against all the values which we have cher ished and which we wish our chil dren to cherish in the future. It is a revolution which denies the dignity of man and which banishes the hope of brotherhood and comradeship on earth. We can see it developing right before our very eyes. It must be faced with daring and with devotion. We must lift up our hearts. We must reaffirm our noble tradition. We must make ourselves so strong that the tradition we live by shall not perish from the earth. Bituminous coal miners produce about 4% tons a man-day compared to 2% tons for each anthracite worker. Negroes Urged to Strive To Attain Best Citizenship 87 the Auoeitted Preu. LOG CABIN CENTER, Ga., Aug. #.—A group of representative Ne groes urged members of their race today to “exercise every legitimate means to obtain the right to vote, as all honorable citizens should.” The resolution was drafted for the State Central Planning Commission yesterday by leaders in various cir cles of Negro life, who met here to citizen* of the privilege of rep resentation in government.” The clergyman, who initiated the commission action, asserted he hoped he would never “see the day when Negroes en masse will vote the Democratic ticket,” and said "the most hurtful thing to the Southland today is the one-party system.” Stenographers in Brazil now re ceive an average monthly pay of $37.06. Girl Musician Dies Just Before Wedding NEW YORK. Aug. B.-Oertrud Bogartl, 33, » member of Phil 8pltalny’s all-girl orchestra, died of pneumonia Saturday night, a few hours after she was to have been married to Dr. Thomas Bridges. Ill since Friday, she died at New York Hospital, where her fiance is an Interne. The wedding had been scheduled for 7 pm. at the home of her aunt and uncle, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Alexander of Elizabeth, N. J. Joins Fodsral Reserve ST. LOUIS, Aug. S (Special).— The Peoples Bank, Cuba, Mo., has become a member of the Federal Reserve System. The new mem ber has a capital of $26,000, surplus of $lf,000, and total resources of $422,084. its officers are A. J. Bar nett, president; Fred Hertlein, vice president; Leroy Leezy, secretary and cashier, and Rowe Powell, as sistant cashier. The addition of this bank brings the total member ship of the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis to 405. Farm Financing Ritas Through F. C. A. Units By tht Awodttcd Prwu. The Farm Credit Admin 1st ratio report* that farm financing throat its agencies aggregated 9313,484,00 in the first half of 1940, an increas of 8 per cent over the similar perio of 1939. Loans to co-operatives, it sak totaled 933208,000, compared wM $27217,000 in the first half of las year. .I From Approved Maryland and Virginia Herds...Pasteurized and Packaged in Washington’s Hottest, Most Modern Milk Plant MOTHERS here should know of this rich, new milk ... produced with special care ... especially fine for growing children. It is being introduced here by Sanitary Food Stores. Lucerne Grade A comes from nearby Maryland and Virginia farms that are approved by the District of Colombia Health Authorities. To receive this approval the barns, herds and milk from these farms must pass a rigid inspection and meet the high standards of cleanliness and purity established by the health authorities for your protection. This good, rich milk is rushed here daily in fast truck*. 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