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Scattered clouds; lowest tonight about 33; tomorrow scattered clouds: gentle to moderate west winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 51, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 35, at 7 a.m. Prom the United States Weather Bureau report. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 11. An Evening Newspaper With the Full Day's News LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN Associated Press and lA'i Wirephotos, North American Newspaper Alliance. Chicago Daily News Foreign Service and Tile Star * Staff Writers. Reporters and Photographers. 0P) Mean* Associated Press. 89th YEAR. No. 35,298. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1940 —THIRTY PAGES. *** THREE CENTS. U. S.-German Peace Is at Stake In English Plan to Take Over Ships, Nazi Spokesman Asserts --- A _ Berlin Is Watching Reaction Here to Cross Proposal By LOUIS P. LOCHNER. Associated Press War Correspondent BERLIN. Dec. 21.—The question of continued peaceable relations be tween Germany and the United States hangs in the balance as the German government awaits reaction to the Cross shipping proposal, an official Foreign Office spokesman Intimated today , in a solemn press conference. i Secretary Hull declined to com ment on the statement. Tire Secretary was asked at his press conference if he would give the views of the American Govern ment on the question and replied in the negative.* Ronald H. Cross. British Minister of Shipping, said yesterday in Lon don that the assignment of "a cer tain number of enemy ships in the United States" and addition of United States ships to the British service “are the only ways I can see for replenishments of any conse quence.” “The entire attention of the Ger man government is centered upon the American reaction to the Cross proposal.” the spokesman asserted. “Interest Extraordinary.” ‘That proposal is nothing other than inciting America ta commit a warlike act." he said. "I speak with tremendous earnestness in my ca pacity as your official informant and spokesman.” "Our interest is extraordinary." he continued, "because in an increasing manner one nation 'meaning Ger many) has shown restraint to the point of self-effacement, while on the other side there has been a sys tematic policy of pin-pricks, chal lenges, humiliations and even moral aggression. “The Reichs government is, there- 1 fore, centering its entire attention upon this problem .” The conference was one of the most, serious ever held by the spokes man. Mr. Cross was speaking, he said, at the moment when "Great Britain Is in a death struggle." Cross Appeal to U. S. Desperate, Italians Say ROME, Dec. 21 I/Pk—Italian news- ; papers today headlined the state ments of British Minister of Ship ping Ronald H. Cross on British shipping needs as "a desperate ap peal to the United States” for ships and one which showed the British were worried. IS Additional Articles Placed on Export Ban President Roosevelt today placed 15 additional articles and materials important in wartime production under restrictions of the export licensing system. Explaining that the action was in the interest of the national defense, the President listed the items in an executive order and proclamation announced by the White House and released in full at the State Depart ment. Included in the list are sev eral chemicals, abrasives, measuring machines for precision instruments, gauges, testing machines, balancing machines, hydraulic pumps, tools containing industrial diamonds and equipment or plans for machinery to make aviation lubricants. Along with approximately 60'other classifications of materials, those ! announced today may henceforth be shipped out of the country only on license issued by the administrator of export control. Recent policy in this regard has ! been to permit shipments of vital j materials to the British Empire and to other countries in the Western Hemisphere. Actually, the restric tions have been operative principally against Japan or shipments for some other destination by way of the Pacific. U. S. Citizen Is Removed From Ship by British Bj the Associated Press. ABOARD THE S. S. EXCAMBION at Bennuda. Dec. 21.—British au thorities today removed an Amer ican citizen, Oscar Stabler, barber on the Excambion, when the ship, en route to New York, called at Ber muda. The charges were not dis closed. Stabler was born at Stutt gart, Germany. Stalin's Birthday Quiet MOSCOW, Dec. 21 (/P).—Joseph Stalin’s 61st birthday anniversary passed today without formal ob servance. A year ago it was cele brated. There was no mention of the birthday in today s press. British Plant Keeps 'Too Fast' Worker; Union Strikes B» the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 21.—Workers in a factory turning out uni forms for the British Tommies struck today because of con tinued employment of a cutter whom their union expelled on a charge of working too fast. The National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers said the man violated union rules by cutting too many pairs of khaki pants per hour. The union took the view this endangered its standards of "output and craftsmanship." 4 Three in U. S. Embassy at Paris Removed at Berlin's Request No Concessions Being Made Concerning Charges, Secretary Hull Says Secretary of State Hull said today that two secretaries and a woman clerk of the American Embassy in Paris would be withdrawn at the request of German authorities who had accused them of helping an unidentified British officer to escape. Mr. Hull said that while this Gov ernment had had no opportunity to investigate the allegations against the persons involved, any Govern ment had a right to demand th*' withdrawal of another government s representatives from its territory without setting forth any grounds whatever. The State Department will investi gate the matter, but Mr. Hull said he was under the impression that nothing would be developed to indi cate any material culpability of the three Americans. He emphasized that no conces sions were being made in respect to the German charges. Those being withdrawn from the Paris Embassy are Cecil M. P. Cross and Leigh W. Hunt, secretaries in the diplomatic service, and Mrs. Elizabeth Deegan, reception clerk in the Paris Embassy, who was de tained by the Germans for several days recently. Mrs. Hunt, wife of the Second Sec retary and Consul of the American (See EMBASSY, Page A-3.) Japan Shifts Cabinet As Uneasiness Over Axis Pact Grows New Justice and Home Affairs Ministers Are Named by Konoye B* the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, Dec. 21.—Japanese Premier Prince Konoye's appoint ment today of new Japanese Min isters of Justice and Home Affairs is believed by Shanghai observers to have been motivated largely by the Japanese people's increasing un easiness over their government's mil itary alliance with Italy and Ger many. Dissatisfaction with Japan's com mitments has been gaining momen tum since early this month, and re ports were current two weeks ago that the Konoye government might fall as a result. However, it was understood po litical leaders were loath to permit a complete change in government be cause of a fear this would accentu ate the public s misgivings. There- ; fore, it was decided to •'strengthen” the present cabinet through the ad dition of Baron Kiichirb Hiranuma as home minister and Lt. Gen. Hei suke Yanagawa as minister of justice. The further addition of Gen. Baron Sadao Araki as minister with- ] out portfolio appeared probable since j he. like Hiranuma. commands con siderable political influence. Araki is a former war minister. The fiery general recently conferred at length with Prince Konoye. Stricter enforcement of economic restrictions was seen by observers as a further factor in the cabinet changes. Baron Hiranuma. Premier for several months in 1939 and recently a minister without portfolio in the Konoye cabinet, succeeds Eija Yasui as head of the vital department con trolling the nation-wide police sys tem and prefectural, municipal and village authorities. Adds Military Strength. Gen. Yanagawa, a former Vice Minister of War and one-time com mander of the Japanese garrison at Formosa, replaces Akira Kazami as Minister of Justice, and adds mili tary strength to the cabinet, al though he is a retired officer. His new7 post demands close co-operation with the army and also with the Home Ministry in the prosecution of law violators. * Reports of widespread complaints and numerous violations of the gov ernment's low-price policy have ap peared recently in the Japanese press. Economic police recently an nounced that rice hoarders and food stuff profiteers would be “vigorously prosecuted.” but the press com plained that no concerted action had been taken yet. The army was said to be pushing vigorously a low-price, anti-luxury policy in an attempt to “induce the people to share the hardships of the battle front and stabilize the domes tic economy.” Observers expressed belief that the cabinet change presaged increased efforts to accelerate the totalitarian movement in Japan. Baron Hira numa is a favorite among rightists. Ship Firm Denies Stolen Data Had Military Value B} the Associated Press. CAMDEN. N. J., Dec. 21. —The New York Shipbuilding Corp. an nounced today that a brief case con taining “production schedules" was stolen Thursday from one of its employes, Walter Keefer, at a res taurant near Schenectady, N. Y. Fred Cornell, the corporation's public relations representative, said the briefcase contained “no blue prints. ship construction plans" or other matter of “military value.” Previously New York State police had reported that they understood the stolen papers were plans for “construction of naval vessels.” The corporation holds more than $500, 000,000 worth of Navy contracts. tiUiristman Hu0ir Two full pages of Christmas music programs in Washington churches are in The Star’s church section today on Pages A-12 and A-13. R. A. F. Planes Based On Greek Soil Make Attack on Brindisi Athens Forces Reported In Fierce Clash With Italians Around Tepelini B* the Associated Press. ATHENS, Dec. 21.—British Royal Air Force combers based on Greek soil were reported today to have carried out "successful attacks" on oil tanks and railways at Brindisi, across the Adriatic Strait of Otranto, on the heel of the Italian boot. "Poor visibility and intense anti aircraft fire made observation diffi cult.” the R. A F. communique said, "but all bombs exploded in the target area. Large .fires were started and subsequently there were several ex plosions.” While the R. A. F. reported this and other assaults to support the Greek offensive into Italian-held Albania, dispatches from the fight ing front said Greek forces had cap tured an Italian colonel and two battalions in fierce fighting around Tepeleni. Greek infantrymen, battling cold and a stubborn Fascist force, were said to have occupied two villages I and two strategically important heights in the Tepeleni area. Heights taken in the Tepeleni area were described as strongly guarded with barbed wire. After mentioning the gains in that sector, one report said: our artillery successiuiiv shelled the retreating Italians. Guns and much material have fallen into our hands. •'While the enemy was being chased, Italian planes attempted to halt our advance but our fighters took off and shot down four enemy aircraft.” A naval communique indiqated to day that a XJreek destroyer force actuallly preceded British warships in their sweep of the lower Adriatic, as reported by the London Admiralty yesterday. The British sent a battle ship-cruiser-destroyer force into the lower Adriatic December 18 and the battleships, it was reported, poured nearly 100 tons of high explosive shells into Italy's port of entry into Southern Albania, Valona. Now the Greek Navy reports that on the night of December 15-16 its reconnaissance destroyers penetrated the lower Adriatic as far as the Is land of Saseno, at the entrance of Valona Harbor, ‘‘without encounter ing any signs of the enemy.” The Greek foray was commanded by Admiral Cavadias. The communique said simply: ‘During the night of December 15-16 Gr4ek destroyers made a reconnaissance of the Adriatic, go ing to the Island of Saseno without encountering any signs of the en emy.” Besides the Brindisi attack the night of December 19-20, the R. A. F. reported an attack yesterday on Berati, at a vital road junction in the middle sector of the Albanian front, and site of an airfield, as well as a battle between Gladiator fight ers and Italian bombers over the Tepeleni area in which one Italian plane was believed to have been shot down and a British pilot bailed (See GREEK~Page A-4.) British Blast Bardia From All Sides Planes and Warships Join Artillery in Massed Attack B> thr Associated Press. CAIRO. Egypt. Dec. 21.—Wh.le British bombers, artillery and war ships were reported battering be leaguered Bardia today in an effort to smash a path through the Italian defenses, a general headquarters communique announced British troops had captured an additional 900 prisoners and were “clearing' the areas to the northwest and west of the Eastern Libyan base. The British forces in the western desert, “which continue to be rein forced.” also have taken four guns in their mopping-up operations, the communique reported. In addition, patrols along the Sudan frontier were said to be carrying on “their aggressive activity.” As the British closed in on Bardia large units of the trapped Fascist forces were said to be trying des perately to slip through the ring of steel around their Eastern Libyan base under cover of darkness and the pall of smoke and dust hanging over the town after five days of bombardment. It was believed in some British circles that such units—if any got through—would try to join Marshal Rodolfo Graziani at Tobruk for a new stand 75 miles west of the Libyan-Egyptian frontier. The coastal road to Tobruk and Derna has been reported, like Bardia. under almost, constant R. A. F. and naval bombardment. Reports from the battle front said the British, bringing up infantry to reinforce their advance tank col umns, completed a semi-circle of men and guns around the landward side of Bardia last night while a line of warships off the coast finished the encirclement. Immediately, it was said, the battle of Bardia became a siege. From all sides British guns were thundering at the 17-mile Italian defense front of tank traps, gun emplacements and pill boxes manned by an estimated 20.000 troops— many of them survivors of the Fas cist flight from Egypt. The British counterdrive into Libya in the desert lands to the south also was reported advancing. Fight to Oust Italians. There the British, spearheaded by a unit of Australian cavalry, were fighting to oust an Italian ga’rison from the oasis of Giarabub, about 20 miles west of the Egyptian frontier Some prisoners were taken in three days of fighting around the oasis and last night the rest of tne Italian force was reported still hold ing out against heavy pressure. The British said they refrained from the usual bombing prelude to the attack because buildings and monuments sacred to the Senussi sect are around the oasis. The Italians were said to be at tempting to move up reinforcements from other outlying posts. Reuters (British news agency! dis patches from Cairo said the Royal Air Forces’ repeated attacks on Italy's Libyan air bases, intended to keep the Fascist flying force grounded, had been so intense the Italians were forced to abandon all their fields in Eastern L^ibya. Heavy Artillery Action Reported by Italians ROME, Dec. 21 (A>).—Heavy artil lery action was reported today by the Italian high command in the North African desert battle zone across which Britain’s forces from Egypt are striking at Libya. Special credit was given by the high command to Fascist flyers— especially the 5th Air Squardon—for “having tirelessly and with the most sublime forces of sacrifice’’ co-op erated with Italian land units in hit ting hard at the armored columns which spearheaded the British at tack. At the same time, the Italians said their aircraft engaged in fierce air battles with British planes. An Italian air formation was re ported to have made a low-flying night attack on the British pro tectorate of Aden, heavily bombing an airport.* Italian officials said a British cruiser reported sunk off the port of Bardia early in the fighting along the Egyptian-Libyan frontier still could be seen lying on the bottom of the sea. An official statement said the ship was a cruiser or about 6,000 tons—presumably of the Arethusa or Lenter type. Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements, B-12 Church News. A-12-17 Comics B-10-11 Editorials ...A-8 Finance_A-ll Lost, Found-B-7 Obituary_A-7 Page. Radio _B-iO Real Estate, B-l-2-3 Serial Story. A-17 Society_A-10 Sports _B-4-5 Woman’s Page, B-6 Foreign. British warships and bombers smash at Bardia. Page A-l Berlin plane factory fired in R. A. F. attack, British report. Page A-l Halifax is expected to be named British envoy to U. S. Page A-2 Chinese found unable to use credit allowed by U. S. Page A-3 National U. S. to withdraw 3 in Paris Embassy protested by Berlin. Page A-l Knudsen heads 4-man board for total defense. Page A-l Navy orders totaling - $265,765,500, Knox reports. Page A-l Washington and Vicinity. Electric power breakdown cripples Washington, vicinity Page A-l A O'Conor would apply tax cuts to 1940 Maryland Income. Page A-7 Sports. G. W„ victor over Clemson, plays Duke, conqueror of C. U. Page B-4 Zivic’s showing in draw rated worse than Jenkins'. Page B-4 Central, Tech display title basket caliber in victories. Page B-5 Hockey Eagles prove crowd pleasers with victorious brawls. Page B-5 Editorial and Comment. Letters to The Star. Page A-8 Answers to Questions. Page A-8 This and That. Page A-8 David Lawrence. Page A-9 Constantine Brown. Page A-9 Jay Franklin. Page A-9 Jay G. Hayden. Page A-9 Frederic William Wile. Page A-9 Miscellany. Nature's Children. Page A-9 Bedtime Story. Page B-10 Winning Contract. Page B-ll Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-ll Uncle Ray’s Corner. Page B-ll Christmas Story. Page A-5 Vital Statistics. Page A-1C City News in Brief. Page A-If Service Orders. Page A-10 A /''ihc Country is n ( Perfectly safe. Congress REFUSED To ADJOURN \ You can See for > V YOURSELF-^! It's Late, but Not Too Late, To Brighten Y ule for Needy Generous Persons Form Also Steady Parade to Christmas House With Funds With little time left. The Star’s campaign to put Christmas cheer into the homes of families in extreme need rose yesterday to flood tide. A kaleidoscope of generous people came down to Christmas House. Dr. H. E. Claus of 4320 Lee highway, Arlington. Va., made his wav there guided bv a white cane and a "seeing eye” dog, for he is blind. His gift, he said, came from himself and four small blind chil dren of Fairfax and Arlington Counties. A friendly group of men who call themselves the "Old Fogey Plate; Printers” of the Bureau of Engrav ing and Printing brought $146 for The Star-N. B. C.-Warner Bros. Yule fund. They refused to give their' names, but promised to bring "still more next year.” The Accounting Division Club in the Treasury Department phoned to; offer $100, the profit of parties dur- ; ing 1940. A girl at the Slioreham Hotel sent a check with this explanation: "Something very nice just hap pened to me and I would like to share my happiness with some one less fortunate." You, also, can share happiness by mailing or bringing a gift to The Star's Christmas House at Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue. Do it now’ so your gift can be passed on to children who are hoping for a 'See CHRISTMAS. Page A-4.) I Let's Hurry Before It's Too Late Checks and cash sent to Christmas House today and to morrow can be placed in the hands of need> mothers in time for a bit of Christmas shopping. Children may be denied their share of the season's cheer if your donation comes later. Mall your gift at once to Tire Star's Christmas House, at Eleventh street and Pennsyl vania avenue N.W. Or stop by at. any of the following VVMAL broadcast periods: Today 5 to 5:15P.M . 6:15 to 6:30 P.M. Tomorrow No broadcasts. Christmas House closed till 8:30 am. Monday. German Warplanes Blast Liverpool in Heavy Attack Many Fires Started by Wave After Wave Of Nazi Bombers fiy the Associated Press. LIVERPOOL. Dec. 21—German reconnaissance planes fl/w over Liv erpool and the Merseyside district after daybreak today to survey the damage caused by wave after wave of bombers which battered this cen ter of British overseas commerce last night. The night raid was reported to have been the heaviest of the war for the Liverpool area. Rescue workers digging through wreckage and rubble for victims of the attack hardly spared the scout ing planes overhead a glance. The raid started so early last night that crowds of Christmas shoppers were caught in the streets. They filled shelters and basements in the business district and were forced to remain there throughout the night. Many Fires Started. A greater use of incendiary bombs than in any previous raid on Liver pool caused many fires, lighted tar gets and guided wave after wave of bombers over the industrial areas. There were relatively few casual ties, however, and transport facili ties were operating almost normally this morning. During the height of the raid a fire truck ran into a bomb crater in a downtown street, injuring two fire men. A large hotel was damaged and a famous church hit. One large shel (See LIVERPOOL^ Page~A-27) $10.00 Reward To protect The Star Carrier Service from newspaper thievery, The Evening Star offers a re ward of $10.00 for the ar rest and conviction of any person or persons stealing The Star Newspaper from carrier packs at the point of delivery, or from door ways or apartments after delivery. Any one detect ing newspaper thieves should notify the police immediately. liimtUuj &tar Navy Lets Contracts For 31 Vessels to Cost $265,765,500 Private Yards Get Orders, With $6,600,000 More To Expand Facilities B> the Associated Press. Secretary Knox announced today the awarding of contracts to private shipyards for 31 additional mine layers. tenders and other naval j vessels estimated to cost $265,765, 500. Additional contracts totalling $6. 600,000 were awarded at the same time to expand facilities at the widely-scattered shipyards receiv ing the orders. The vessels will be built on a cost-plus-fixed fee basis. Detailed breakdowns and delivery dates were not disclosed. The shipyards, num ber of vessels and limit of cost on expansion of facilities included: The Willamette Iron & Steel Corp., Portland. Oreg., two mine layers: $1,000,000 for expansion of facilities. Lake Washington Shipyards. Se attle. Wash., six small seaplane tenders: no expansion of facilities provided. Associated Shipbuilders, Seattle, four small seaplane tenders; $700, 000 for expansion. Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pasca goula. Miss., four net layers; $2, 000,000 for expansion. Moore Dry Dock Co., Oakland. Calif., two submarine tenders and five submarine rescue vessels; no expansion. Sun Shipbuilding Co., Chester, Pa., three destroyer tenders and three seaplane tenders; $2,500,000 for expansion. New 4-Man Board Is Given Full Power Over Defense Work Knudsen Heads Group With Hillman, Stimson And Knox as Members Bv JOHN C. HENRY. Responsibility for America’s re arming was compressed into the hands of four men today, their pow ers only slightly short of absolute. Headed by William S. Knudsen. production authority, the quartet also includes Sidney Hillman, labor representative; Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of Navy Knox. Selection of this group was an nounced late yesterday by President Roosevelt in a hastily called special press conference at which he ex plained that the new superaaency for driving the Nation toward its goal of total defense would be known as the Office for Production Man agement. To this agency he promised that he would delegate all power and responsibility which the Constitu tion permits .Jiim to divest from his own person. More executive Orders. Actual creation of the new office, he said, would be accomplished by one or more executive orders to be issued within the next 10 days. Au thority for its establishment, he added, is contained in a clause of the Government Reorganization Act giving the President broad powers to set up emergency management machinery. Although Mr. Roosevelt declined to say at his conference that the purpose or effect of operation of this agency is the speeding up of the defense program, particularly the production phase, his decision follows weeks of complaint that drive and authority has been lack ing. Numerous official and unofficial suggestions for a reorganization of the administrative structure have been submitted and considered. The announced scheme was de vised, the President said, in order to embrace into a compact unity the elements of skilled responsibility regarding Army and Navy needs, technicalities of production manage ment and of labor. Since he con siders that no single person in the country possesses all of the qualifi cations implied in these four factors, the Chief Executive said he was se lecting four men already proven qualified. From now on, he continued, fullest possible responsibility for defense production, purchasing and priori ties will be vested in these four men. To implement their functioning, he w'ent on, three principal divisions will be set up under the new office. First of these will be concerned entirely and closely with the actual production of more munitions. This division may have several subdivi (See DEFENSE, Page A-3.) Thailand Issues Warning Against Bangkok Attack By the Associated Press. BANGKOK. Thailand. Dec. 21 — The Thailand (Siam) radio broadcast a warning today that the Thai air force would bomb Dalat, Pnompenh and Saigon, all in French Indo china. if French forces attempted to attack Bangkok. The warning was in reply, the broadcast said, to a Saigon radio re port that French planes had drop ped bombs on Korat, in Thailand, and approached Bangkok. Crooning Race Tipster Accused Of Unlicensed Radio Use A modern gambler with a micro phone instead of a flock of aces up his sleeve was exposed today by the Federal Communications Commis sion. He was the grandstand crooning tipster for a clever gang which broadcast race news so "hot off the griddle” that confederates apparent ly were able to get bets down be tween the start and the finish at Charles Town, W. Va. The radio tipster and an ac complice were arrested and two un licensed transmitting sets were seized by Federal radio inspectors, West Virginia State police and the United States commissioner at Mar tinsburg, W. Va. The tipster, it was said, was a crooner as well. Such songs as “Oh, Johnny, Oh, Johnny,” and the “Beer Barrel Polka” were chanted Into the microphone, and they had a very special meaning for the boys in the horse joints waiting to lay their bets. The tipster whistled as well— “Maryland, My Maryland” was a favorite. As the ponies got into the stretch the mysterious broad caster would come in with a series of numbers, repeated until the race was run. Immediately afterward a stronger signal on another fre quency could be heard repeating the numbers several times. This was explained by the words (See GAMBLERS, Page A-2.) ThousandsWalk As Blackout Hafts Streetcars Vehicles Stalled Two Hours; Pennsylvania Plant Causes Failure Washington had a blackout which bpgan at 6:45 o'clock this morning, stalling all the city’s streetcars for two hours, sending radio stations off the air for varying periods, causing three explosions and creating con fusion in some of the city's normal morning routine. Thousands of persons were forced to walk to work as streetcars stood idle on tracks all over town. Fire engines raced through the streets before dawn as alarm systems went haywire and panicky citizens sent in needless calls. Traffic was badly snarled as the power failure set traffic lights stut tering. The telephone company, along with hospitals and other cen ters, were forced to switch to emer gency power systems in order to maintain service. The power failure herp wa3 blamed on breakdown of a generator at the Safe Harbor. Pa.. hydro electric system, from which the local Potomac Electric Power Co. obtains auxiliary power. Local Generators Go Out. The troublp at the Safe Harbor station spread over the line, knock ing out equipment in the local gen erating plants of Benning and Buz zards Point. Following the initial failure, powpr was restored gradually. It was half an hour before lights were back on in the downtown section and 15 min utes more before elevators were operating. The streetcars, which stalled where they stood at 6:49. were not running again until 8:47, the Capital Transit Co. said. Thousands stood at streetcar stops in all parts of Educator Quits Work To Direct Traffic During Blackout Dr. N. P. Neilson of the Na tional Education Association, at Sixteenth and M streets N.W . left his offices during the power failure this morning to direct traffic in front of the building. Dr. Neilson. who is executive ; secretary of the department of health and physical education, said that he spent about 45 minutes in the middle of the street first straightening out the congestion and then directing the flow of motor vehicles and pedestrians. On the whole, he found it a "good experience" and said that directing traffic is a good thing to know. town, waiting in vain for transporta tion. The Capital Transit Co put all available buses into service. Police cars went along streetcar lines, sug | gesting that those waiting find some other means of transportation Taxis were at premium and many motor ists. driving to work, stopped to load their cars with those who waited by the curb. Many walked down the middle of thoroughfares, trying to hail cabs or hitch rides. Traffic Crawls. The waiting throngs, added to the confusion created by slowed-up traffic lights, stalled street cars and the extra buses, held traffic to a slow crawl in many places Government offices reported many ! persons late for work, but a survey i indicated that most departments would not charge the tardy with annual leave. The three blasts which were blamed on the power failure were not of a serious nature. All were re ported to have occurred in oil burners. One of them was in St. Martin's Catholic Church, 1912 North Capitol street, where 35 persons had gath ered for early mass. Father Louis F. Miltenberger. pastor of the church, said the service was ending just as the oil burner in | the basement blew up. The force of the explosion shattered a stained | glass window in the church. Firemen sped to the scene and took steps to prevent fire. None in the church was injured. Companies servicing oil burners reported that thousands of heating plants had shut town. It was ex plained that most burners have an • See BLACKOUT, Page~A^3.) Hal Kemp, Band Leader, Dies After Aufo Crash By the Associated Press. MADERA, Calif.. Dec. 21.—Hal Kemp, 36. orchestra leader, died today of complications that devel oped from injuries he suffered in an automobile accident Wednesday. Death was caused by pneumonia. His physicians announced yesterday his condition was grave and he was placed in an oxygen tent. The band leader lived in Beverly Hills. His wife was at his bedside. One of Mr. Kemp's lungs was punctured and several ribs were broken when his car and another collided near here. Yesterday pneu monia developed in the injured lung and spread to the other. The tall musician from the Uni versity of North Carolina won nationwide recognition with his orchestra which broadcast regularly over radio hookups and had ap peared in moving pictures. Mr. Kemp married Martha Steph enson, then a 19-year-old New York debutante at Pittsburgh, Pa., Janu ary 13, 1939. The year previous, he was divorced from the former Bessie Slaughter of Dallas, Tex. Mr. Kemp was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas D. Kpmp of Charlotte, N. C. A daughter was bom to the orchestra leader and his wife last July.