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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1940, Image 8

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Combat Objectors
To Be Put to Work
On Soil Projects
Dykstra Opposes Emblems
For Display by Families
Of Men in Training
Conscientious objectors drafted by
•elective service will be sent to camp
and put to work on soil conservation
and reforestation, it was revealed
This was the first announcement
of widely discussed plans to place
these men in non-military service of
national importance. It came from
C. A. Dykstra, director of selective
service, after conferences with Presi
dent Roosevelt and department
heads and negotiations with the Na
tional Council of Conscientious Ob
The selective service law specifi
cally exempts conscientious objec
tors from military duty, but provided
that they must register, and, if draft
ed and not deferred for reasons of
vocation, dependency or physical dis
ability, assigned to useful work of
concern to the general welfare.
Will Operate Camps.
Groups of conscientious objectors
themselves will be given the respon
sibilty of operating and maintaining
the camps. Mr. Dykstra disclosed.
Proposals that an official symbol
be designated for display by fam
ilies of men in military training were
frowned on yesterday by the draft
The whole principle of selective
service, Mr. Dykstra pointed out, is
duty to the Nation in the capacity
for which one is best fitted, whether
this is in the Army, in a factory or
at home.
“I wouldn’t hesitate,” he added,
“to encourage anything that in spite
of worthy intent, would commercial
ize the performance of a patriotic
•'As long as this country' is at
peace, and as long as men inducted
for military training remain in
camps in this country, I am opposed
to any symbol or emblem to desig
nate the families of those engaged
in military training.
Injustice Seen.
“Selective service will succeed to
the extent that the American people
accept military training as a normal
obligation. One of the basic philos
ophies of selective service is that
everybody serves his country best
by doing the Job for which he is
most qualified, needed and available.
To provide some special gratuitous
recognition of the families of men
who are selected for military train
ing would be an injustice to the
families of those who serve in in
dustry, agriculture, commerce and
other pursuits necessary to the main
tenance of public health, safety or
Mr. Dykstra's statement was in
answer to numerous suggestions ap
parently inspired by memory of the
“service flag” displayed at homes in
1917 and 1918 to show that members
of these families were with the
armed forces.
To handle the Christmas and
everyday mail of expanding and
newly established Army camps, the
Post Offl£e Department has taken
elaborate measures.
Approximately 500 regular postal
clerks have.been assigned to camps.
Thirty-five new post offices have
been set up for the rapidly growing
Army. Only experienced clerks are
being assigned to the camps, Post
master General Walker said, thus
assuring the best possible service.
Places made vacant by these as
signments are being filled from the
department's substitute rolls.
Director for Activities
Of Objectors Named
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 21 </P>.—
Dr. Thomas E. Jones, president of
Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.,
has been appointed to direct activi
ties of conscientious draft objectors
who are to be assigned to special
work by the National Selective Serv
ice, the American Friends (Quaker)
Service Committee announced to
day- , ■
Clarence A. Dykstra, selective
aervice director, disclosed in Wash
ington this week that Quakers,
Mennonites. Brethren and the Fel
lowship of Reconciliation have been
designated to organize suitable work
projects for conscientious objectors
that will be nationally significant.
Trustees of Fisk University, the
Friends committee said, have grant
ed Dr. Jones leave of absence to
supervise this service, which may
enroll 2.000 to 3,000 men within a
With the approval of the Selective
Service Administration he will set j
up camps in areas where there is ,
need of constructive service, such
as reforestation, soil erosion con- i
trol, slum clearance and rural re
housing programs.
The committee said Quakers
would operate camps in Coopers
town, N. Y.; the Patapsco State
Forest near Baltimore, Md.. and
in Southern California. Forest
camps will be operated by the
Brethren in Northern Michigan and
at Dalevllle, Va. Mennonites will
establish a camp in Rockingham
County, Va.
Additional units, the committee
said, will be located in the Texas
Oklahoma section, the Pacific
Northwest, in the Illinois-Indiana
Kentucky area, the Kansas-Colo
rado section and in Florida as the
need arises.
Police Say Girl Admits
Slaying Child at Birth
Bj the Associated Press.
BABYLON, N. Y., Dec. 21.—Lind
say R. Henry, chief assistant dis
trict attorney, said today a 20-year
old unmarried mother, a tavern
waitress, had admitted slaying one
of her three children at birth.
Mr. Henry said she claimed a
second child was stillborn about two
years ago, and she buried the body
in the back yard. The young woman
also is the mother of a 4-year-old
Held on charges of having mur
dered her new-born daughter, last
Thursday, Emma Louise Chichester
was confined in a hospital tonight
pending arraignment next week on
a homicide charge.
The village police, responding to
an anonymous telephone call, found
the body of the tiny infant in Miss
Chichester’s dresser drawer. Mr.
Henry said the baby had been suffo
cated, and, judging from bruises at
the neck, strangled.
Mr. Henry said the woman went
to work a few hours after the child's
unattended birth.
. c,l»t*fJ4A*
, A -&***■* ■
tw» 1 * ^
*** ■
velt will send their Christmas greetings on this card, mailed
from the White House, with the presidential seal in gold on the
envelope. , —Associated Press Photo.
_ju._i__ _
President and Wife
Have Busy Yule
White House Festivities
Start Tomorrow; Tree
Laden With Gifts
Christmas will be a busy holiday
for the Chief Executive and Mrs.
The festivities will begin tomor
row afternoon, when they will re
ceive the White House office force,
numbering about 150, in the Presi
dent’s office. The holiday clgnax
will come Christmas night, when
the presidential family sits down to
Holly, mistletoe and poinsettias
deck the mansion and a great
wreath hangs above the north por
tico entrance. A tall all-white
Christmas tree, with white lights,
white streamers and artificial snow
has been set up in the east room.
President Roosevelt likes old-fash
ioned candles on his Christmas tree,
but they won’t appear this year.
The family tree on the second floor
of the White House has multicolored
electric lights. Mrs. Roosevelt, al
ways an early Christmas shopper,
already has stacked many of the
gayly wrapped gifts under the tree.
Mrs. Roosevelt’s Schedule.
The President's wife will spend
most of Christmas eve on her usual
round of holiday events. Starting
at the Capitol Theater at 8:30 am.,
she will go to Arlington at 9:30, to
the Volunteers of America a’t 1:15
and to the Salvation Army at 2 p.m.
Later in the afternoon the fam
ilies of the White House guards.
Secret Service men and household
staff will file "by the great Christ*
mas tree, sent from a Civilian Con
servation Corps camp, to receive
gifts from Mis. Roosevelt.
Shortly after 5 pm. the President'
and Mrs. Roosevelt will go to the
community Christmas tree on the
ellipse and the President will touch
the button bringing the lights of
the tree to life. He will broadcast
his Christmas message to the Nation
during the tree-lighting ceremony.
President to Read Dickens.
After dinner on Christmas eve, a
family affair, the President will
read aloud Dickens’ "Christmas
Carol.” Only two youngsters will
be there to hear the annual read
ing—Franklin, 3d, 2-year-old son of
Franklin D. Roosevelt, jr., and 8
year-old Diana Hopkins, daughter
of former Secretary of Commerce
Harry L. Hopkins.
Guests at the White House will
include the President's mother, Mrs.
Sara Delano Roosevelt; Mrs. J. R.
Roosevelt of New York, widow of the
President’s half-brother, and Harry
Hooker of New York.
Franklin, ,ir„ will be the only
child of the President at the White
House over Christmas. James is in
training with the Marine Reserves
on the West Coast; Elliott is on
duty in the Aviation Corps and John
can't get to Washington because he
has only one day off from his
Boston job. The only Roosevelt
daughter, Anna, is in Seattle.
'Slayer' Can't Recall
Name of His Victim
By the Associated Press.
RALEIGH. N. C., Dec. 21.—Detec
tive Capt. Bruce Poole said a man
walked into the police station and
announced that he had shot a col
ored man here in 1924 or 1925. but
didn’t know his name. Capt. Poole
said police records did not go back
that far.
Capt. Nat Warren, a veteran offi
cer, said he recalled an unsolved
killing about 15 years ago but didn’t
remember the victim’s name.
Capt. Poole said the man was be
ing held while the police decide what
to do next.
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Roosevelt Greetings
Hail C. C. C. Youths
As Pioneers
Christmas Message
Notes 'Fine Results'
Of Program
In holiday greetings to the
Civilian Conservation Corps yester
day, President Roosevelt hailed the
300,000 enrollees and their 2,000,000
predecessors as "pioneers in the
building of a new order for Amer
ican youth ”
Other messages went to the 1,500
camps from Federal Security Ad
ministrator McNutt, James J. Mc
Entee, C. C. C. director; Secretary
of War Stimson, Secretary of the
Interior Ickes, Secretary of Agri
culture Wickard, Gen. George C.
Marshall, Army chief of staff; Frank
T.« Hines, veterans administrator,
and Howard Oxley, C. C. C. educa
tion director.
"It is with a sense of deep grati
tude that the Nation at this holiday
season looks back upon the fine re
sults that have stemmed from the
Civilian Conservation Corps pro
gram,” the President wrote.
"You who are now in the corps,
and the more than 2,000,000 others
who have lived and worked in the
outdoor camps as enrollees have
been pioneers in the building of a
new order for American youth and
for the conservation of our price
less national resources. You have
strengthened the Nation and im
proved your usefulness to your coun
try and to yourselves.
“I extend to you my heartiest
greetings. May your Christmas be
a joyous one.”
Enrollees will have five days’ leave,
either at Christmas or New Year’s,
to visit their families. Special
Midget Scout Car
May Replace
Army Motorcycle
By th« Associated Press.
The Army disclosed yesterday that
the cavalry was testing a new model
midget scout car as a possible sub
stitute for motorcycles.
The 1,350-pound vehicles, 3,000 of
which have been ordered, originally
were developed for the infantry.
Each carries three riflemen and their
weapons and can be used also to
transport machine guns and am
The modernised cavalry Includes
numerous motorcycle units for
scouting and communication. A new
type motor-tricycle to carry three
men also has been designed but not
yet acquired by the 1st Cavalry Divi
sion at Port Bliss. Tex., or other
units. The War Department said
the new midget car “seems to have
the answer” to some of the defi
ciencies of the motorcycle, being
"relatively quiet,” light weight and
able to carry three men or substan
tial cargoes.
parties have been arranged at the
camps, and many are having cele
brations for the children and needy
families in the vicinity.
Juliana Hears Yarns
Spun by Dutch Sailors
At Seamen's Institute
Princess Leaves U. $.
Tonight to Spend
Christmas in Ottawa
By tbe Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Dec. 31.—In a room
redolent of cigar smoke and the
aroma of coffee, Princess Juliana
of the Netherlands—a royal refugee
in a foreign land—was reunited
with her countrymen today.
For nearly an hour she sat in a
small room in the Seamen’s Insti
tute as twoscore Dutch men of the
sea—some who had served their na
tion for 30 years—told her tales of
their adventures.
Sipping coffee and smoking a
cigarette, the Princess listened as one
sailor, Maarte van der Zwan, told
her that 20 of a crew of 32 had
been killed in the explosion of a
time bomb which sank the steamer
Stad Chiedam last September 16.
Has Cigars Distributed.
She chatted in her native tongue
with Frits Franken, who sailed un-<
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for tyjo weeks we've thrilled hun
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wo invite you to drop in for gift
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6M 9th St. N.W.
der the Dutch flag for more than
a quarter century. She asked that
cigars be distributed to all the sea
They cheered as she left the hall
to attend a luncheon In her honor
given by John D. Rockefeller. Jr.,
and later a private reception at the
Netherlands Club.
The Princess arrived here yester
day from Washington after visiting
President and Mrs. Roosevelt for
three days. She will attend services
tomorrow morning in the West End
Collegiate Reformed Church, whose
pastor, the Rev. Dr. Edgar Frank
lin Romig, said she had expressed
the hope her visit "might be in as
simple and informal a way as would
be customary were she in Holland.”
To Spend Christmas In Ottawa.
Tomorrow night she will leave by
train for Ottawa, Canada, to spend
Christmas with her two dauchters,.
the Princesses Beatrix and Irene,'
aged 1 years and 18 months, re
Juliana was clad today in a black
wool dress with black velvet and
bronze sash. She wore a heavy
gold bracelet on the right wrist and
two diamond-studded bracelets on
the left.
During the day she was presented
with a parchment scroll from the
National Council of Women of the
United States, expressing a “Arm
stand against appeasement or com
promise or cowardly surrender to
the ideologies of force and perse
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Duncan Phyfc Sofa
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