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Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1^ I Wfl1 I I I | Iv MM L| 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supple* ^ meriting the news ot the regular home delivered BV | ^ edition of The Star. ____—___________mmm Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Poge 18. Me'n* A,,ociated p"» —-1. ■ -....- - --— ■ —.— —.—■ - -:-—-— - "T"** -“- “ 89th YEAR. No. 35,407. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1941—FORTYT-SIX PAGES. THREE CENTS. NAZIS CAPTURE MAJOR ALLIED DEFENSES; : SALONIKA TAKEN- 300.000 GREEKS YIELD Murray Sees President, Hints At Ford Truce Statement Due Today; Coal Peace Reached With Most Owners BULLETIN. DETROIT. April fl Amid rumors of an impending settlement. Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner and Harry Ben nett. Ford Co. spokesman, emerged late today from a conference of parties in the U. A. W.-C. I. O. strike against Ford’s River Rouge plant and drove off together in a car. They declined to say whether they were bound for a meet ing with Henry Ford, com pany founder. An aide to the Governor said Van Wagoner would return to the confer ence and any announcement would be made later in down town Detroit. (Earlier Strike Stories on Page A-l.) Philip Murray, president of the Congress of Industrial Organi zations. conferred for almost an hour with President Roosevelt at the White House this after noon and emerged to say there may be an important announce ment on the Ford Motor Co. labor dispute out of Detroit late today. Mr. Murray said he hoped the announcement would be favorable to labor. The United Automobile Workers, also a C. I. O. affiliate, has been conducting a strike at the giant River Rouge plant of the Ford com pany for the last several days. He would not say flatly whether a set tlement had been reached. Just before Chief Federal Con ciliator John R. Steelman had an nounced in New York that appar ently soft coal mine operators with ••68per cent of the American ton nage” would meet wage increase and other demands of soft coal miners. This, he said, assures the country there will be no coal short age. since it w-as indicated the com plying operators would open their mines even if the others do not ac cept. the agreement. Mr. Murray declined to discuss the nature of his conference with the President, saying that he planned to be back in Pittsburgh tomorrow morning for continuance of C. I. O. negotiations with the United States Steel Corp. A con tract held by the Steel Workers' Organizing Committee, a C. I. O. affiliate, with United States Steel has been continued until next Tues day night to permit continuance of negotiations. For the first time in the history of the Ford company, a high-ranking officer of the concern met with labor union representatives yester day for a collective-bargaining dis cussion. Mr. Murray was present at that time at the express request of Gov. Murray Van Wagoner of Michi gan. who has been taking a leading part in mediation efforts. Although Mr. Murray declined to say whether he had discussed either the Ford or steel labor situations with the President it was as sumed that it was for this reason the Chief Executive h£d invited him here for a conference. Dr. Steelman said that the eight coal negotiators had voted six to two to accept an agreement. Un official reports w-ere that it provided a basic $l-a-day wage increase for 330.000 Appalachian region miners, elimination of the 40-cents-a-day differential between northern and southern fields, and annual paid vacations. The negotiator said that the mines, closed since April 1. could not be operated before Monday due to the Easter week end holiday, and that negotiations would continue in an effort to reach an agreement to ©pen all mines Monday. Southern operators are opposed to elimination of wage the differential. Eicher Heads S. E. C., Succeeding Frank By the Associated Press. Edward C. Eicher. one-time Dem ocratic Representative from Iowa, today was elected chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commis sion, succeeding Jerome N. Frank, who has been appointed to the Fed eral Court of Appeals for the second circuit. Mr. Prank resigned as chairman but retained his office as commis sioner. He announced that he vt'ould resign from the commission Within a few days. Mr. Eicher was appointed to the commission in December. 1938. for a term which expired last June, when he was reappointed for five more years. School for Negroes ATLANTA. April 9.—A primary Air Corps training school for Negroes, the first, of its kind in Army history, will be established at Tuske flee. Ala., Army officials at 4th Corps Area headquarters announced to ♦r NEW YORK —FIRST U. S. BATTLESHIP IN 18 YEARS COMMISSIONED—This is a general view of the quarterdeck of the new 170,000.000 battleship North Carolina - ——-——- 4 - today as it was commissioned at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. It was the first capital ship commissioned by the Navy in 18 years. —A. P. Wirephoto. - ♦---I 'All Right' for Army To Take Over Struck Plants, Knudsen Says Backs Legislative Curb On Defense Walkouts If Mediation Fails (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) William S. Knudsen expressed op position late today to legislation to curb defense strikes and then de clared it would be “all right” for Congress to pass a law permitting the Army and Navy to take over a struck defense plant if mediation had failed. Mr. Knudsen expressed these views during the House Military Affairs Committee’s investigation of the progress of the national defense program. Representative Brooks. Democrat, of Louisiana inquired whether he thought the conscription law might be so broadened that the Army or Navy could take over a struck plant where efforts by the Labor Depart ment and the National Defense Mediation Board had failed to bring about a settlement. Representative Brooks suggested that the law might be so written that the Government would keep control of the plant only until the strike issues had been solved. jusi riam giupiu. “I think it is all right.” said Mr. Knudsen, director general of the Office of Production Management. Mr. Knudsen expressed opposition to legislation against strikes, say ing he believed the new Defense Mediation Board would do "a great deal” toward eliminating hurtful work stoppages. A similar view was expressed ear lier in the day by Secretary of La bor Perkins. who testified also that she thought it was "everybody's duty"—not the Labor Department conciliator—"to eradicate Com munism from the labor movement. Mr. Kjjudsen. in his discourse, said that he considered strikes over wages and working conditions to be "legitimate,” but called jurisdic | tional strikes "just plain stupid.” Asked by Representative Thoma son. Democrat, of Texas, whether he thought legislation would “help any" toward preventing strikes. Mr. Knudsen replied: “I don’t think so." Believes in Mediation. The witness added that he was told yesterday by the Governor of Texas of a law in that State imposing criminal penalties on strikers against defense but that he could not agree that was the solution. “If you exchange a strike for a slow-up.” he said, “you wouldn’t be much better off .” "Do you think mediation will do the trick?” Mr. Thomason inquired “Yes, I do.” Mr. Knudsen replied "I think the board that has been set up will do a great deal.” Miss Perkins said in her testimony she believed in "an educational pro (See HEARING,' Page 2-X.) Nazi Pockelship Reported Operating in Orient Bj tht Associated Press. SINGAPORE. April 9.—Several German commerce raiders have j been "eliminated'’ in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton, command of the British China station, disclosed to day. He Indicated, however, that the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer was operating somewhere in those seas. British sea and air pa trols are forcing it to operate far at sea, he said. Mexicans Expect Axis • To Sever Relation; For Ship Seizures President Declared Aware Expropriation Would Bring About Breach « B> the Associated Press. MEXICO CITY. April 9 —Official sources said today Berlin and Rome “’probably” would sever diplomatic relations as a result of Mexico’s expropriation of 12 axis ships har bored in Tampico and Veracruz. These sources said President Manuel Avila Camacho was fully aware his expropriation decree prob ably would bring on a severance of j relations of the axis nations with the Mexican republic when he di i verted the seized vessels for use by j the Mexican merchant marine in j coastal and international trade. Such a development would be accepted ‘'calmly” because it would deal a ‘‘death blow" to Nazi and Fascist propaganda activities and political influence in Mexico and possibly in other Latin American countries, the official sources said. Notices of expropriation were de livered to the German and Italian Legations, but they declined com ment. Mexican colors were run up on the 12 ships at 12:30 p.m. today and naval officials said they would start carrying Mexican cargoes to other American republics by the end of the month. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK. April 9 (JP).— Stocks—lower; war shares con tinue retreat. Bonds—depressed; rails lead decline. Foreign ex change-quiet; Canadian dollar dips. Cotton—easier: hedging, liquidation and trade support. Sugar—mixed: trade covering and hedging. Metals—quiet: tin prices lower. Wool tops—heavy; Wall Street and commission house liquidation. Chicago: Wheat—firm: early losses regained. Corn—higher; good shipping, • industrial de mand. Hogs—slow; 10-15 higher, top. $8.90. Cattle—improved ac tion, 10-15 higher. ^ North Carolina Joins Fleet; 1,500 Witness Brooklyn Exercises 35,000-Tonner Is First Battleship Commissioned By Navy in 18 Years Bv the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Aprli 9—The first battleship commissioned by the United States Navy in 18 years took its place as a “ship of the line” today in sober but colorful ceremonies aboard the new 35.000 ton North Carolina at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The commissioning ceremonies on the quarter-deck, attended by 1,500 specially-invited guests headed by Secretary of the Navy Knox, were held under war-time restrictions with special police, marines and sailors on guard. “We are foreshadowing with this ship.” Secretary Knox said in a brief address, “the greatest navy the world has ever seen.” He added, however, that this great fleet was not dedicated to war “but as the best possible guarantee of our peace ana aecunty. The American people, he said, are devoted to the cause of peace, and peace for the United States may only be secured through adequate defense. Stark and Broughton Speak. The U. S. S. Seattle, receiving ship, fired a 19-gun salute as Sec retary Kno> arrived. Admiral Har old Stark, chief of naval operations, and Gov. Melville Broughton of North Carolina spoke briefly. The North Carolina, a $70,000,000 vessel, is the first of 17 dreadnaughts ordered in the Nation's program to become the mightiest naval power in the world. Until her sistership. the Wash ington. is commissioned in Phila delphia next month, the North Car olina will be the largest and most formidable ship in the United States Navy. Her nine 16-inch guns, a score of See NORTH CAROLINA7Page 2-X Body of Sheppard Will Lie in State (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) The body of Senator Sheppard Democrat, of Texas, who died at Walter Reed Hospital early today will lie in state for several hour! tomorrow afternoon in the Senate chamber, but there will be no state funeral at the Capitol, it was an nounced late today. Senate officials said the bod\ would be brought to the Capitol at 3 pjn. and placed in front of the dais in the chamber where the vet eran Texan served for many years The doors of the Senate galleriei will be kept open until 5 or 6 o'clock when the Body will be taken to the fuheral train, leaving at 8:20 o'clock tomorrow night for Texas. Funeral services will be held at 3 o clock Saturday afternoon at the Senator’s home. Texarkana^Tex. Late News Bulletins R. A. F. Sweeps Channel Coast LONDON <&).—-British warplanes made a day-long series of offensive sweeps over the German-held Channel coast, the Air Ministry announced tonight. One pilot reported machine gunning an airdrome and hitting two anti-aircraft ships in the Channel, Motor trucks, barges and a freighter also were attacked. Rain Halts Game With Nats Ahead, 5-3 GREENVILLE. S. C. 'Special).—A drizzle that turned into a downpour caused the seventh and final exhibition fame between the Nationals and Detroit Tigers today to be called in the seventh with Washington holding a 5-3 lead. Sid Hudson was on the mound for Washington and Harold New house was pitching for Detroit. Sub Torpedoes Two Ships, British Report LONDON i/p>.—'The Admiralty reported tonight •that a British submarine had torpedoed a 12,000-ton ship and an other of 6,000 tons in an attack on a heavily laden southbound convoy in the Central Mediterranean. Nazis Abolish Dutch Boy Scouts AMSTERDAM 'Via Berlin) (A1).—The Boy Scout movement was officially abolished in the Netherlands today. A state ment said the boys belonged to the International Boy Scouts, which in the Nazi view constitutes an instrument of British cultural and political propaganda. Dissolution of the Dutch Salvation Army, which took place two weeks ago, has not yet been officially announced. 12 German Planes Shot Down, British Claim LONDON i^P).—Twelve Nazi planes were shot down in the 12 hours ending early this evening, the Air Ministry news service reported, two by warships. Of the downed craft, two were described as bombers which attacked shipping off the English west coast. Athens Radio Not on Air at Usual Time ATHENS (*»>.—'The Athens radio w-hich usually broad casts a news bulletin at 8:45 p.m., was not on the air tonight. Admiralty Acknowledges Two Trawlers Sunk LONDON '^P'.—The Admiralty announced tonight two trawlers, Lord Selborne find Craymond Island, had been sunk. Late Races Other results, Rossvans Com ment, entries and selections for tomorrow, Page 2-X. Bowie SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $1,200: claim ing: 4-year-olds and up: ltV miles. Trysak (Berg) 9.fi0 4.<0 3.60 Scandalous (Kieper) 3.20 2.40 Dizzy Dame (Madden) 3.00 Time. 1:494*. . _ . _ Also ran—Charming Herod. 8weepstan. Centerville. Sealoch. Tropical Park SIXTH RACE—Purse. *1.000: claiming: 4-year-olds and up: « furiongs (chut*). Mary Schuli (Milligan! 9.00 3 TO 3.10 Highs cope i Ryan) 4-20 2.go Weisenheimer iHaskell* 4 80 Time, l:10*s. Also ran—Maeline. Sky Arao. Star Chance and High Plaid. SEVENTH RACE—Purae. *1,000: claim ing: 4-year-olds and up It1, miles. La Joya (Williams' 12.30 5.20 3.80 Sraoete Artist (McMullen) 10.00 5 00 elsun (MacAndrewi 2*0 | Time. 1:444k. I Also ran—Merry Son. Little Tramn. ' r- : r>n, E-el *h Harry. P-jJt Maj. J. P. Dean Plunges To Death in Louisvilie B> the Associated Press, LOUISVILLE. Ky„ April 9—Maj. John Paul Dean. 44, Army engineer, was killed today in a plunge from the 20th floor of a downtown office building. Coroner John M. Keaney listed the death as suicide. Maj. Dean, whose wife and chil dren are at West Point. N. Y.. was transferred from there two weeks ago to be chief of the flood-control section of the Louisville engineers' office. The War Department said Maj. Dean served here as a member of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors from June, 1928. to October, 1931. Before going to Louis ville he had served at West Point for more than thr^ years. • German and Italian Armies Are 15 Miles ; Apart in Yugoslavia - Churchill Warns of Axis Threat to Egypt; Slavs Fighting on Own (Earlier Stories on Page A-l.) By the Associated Press. Britain and her Greek and Yugoslav allies appeared late today to have lost in four days their major defenses in the Balkans. Adolf Hitler’s blitzkrieg armies swept through Yugo slavia and Greece like a tornado today, and some military observers said the end of the conflict in Southeastern Europe „ was almost in sight. Striking with tempestuous fury, the Germans captured the Aegean seaport of Salonika, forced the surrender of the trapped east wing of the Greek army estimated at 300,000 men before hostilities began, and drove westward across Yugoslavia to within 'sj 15 miles of a junction with Italian troops in Albania. The toll in German slain and wounded was said to be enormous. Churchill Warns of Axis Menace to Egypt. To some observers these facts signified that the Balkan war might be almost over, although it still was not known how well Britain and Greece have prepared other positions to which they I were retreating. In London Prime Minister Churchill acknowledged the serious ' turn of events in the Balkan struggle and warned his countrymen j that the Nazi threat to Egypt was extremely grave. (Text of Mr. Churchill’s remarks on Page A-6.) The Nazis, he said, despite the attacks of British subma ! rines and planes, shipped a large force of armored troops and planes to Tripoli. Libya, commencing the operation even before the „ route of the Italians at Bengasi February 6 was completed. Then ■ they struck in greater strength than the British expected so soon, he said. f ortunately, he continued, the Italian collapse in fc-ast Airica will aid the British by permitting the release of troops. > Mr. Churchill also warned Soviet Russia that the Nazi drive was heading her way. He said there were increasing signs that the Germans would pounce on the rich wheatlands of Russia's Ukraine. Yugoslavs Now Fighting on Own. It w^as almost certain that Yugoslavia from now on is fighting on her own unless she can break through the German line strung out across Southern Serbia, dividing her from the British and Greeks. Authoritiative Germans in Berlin said that, for purposes of any practical military consideration, Yugoslavia might now be re garded as cut in two in the latitude of Nis. The main body of Yugoslavs is now' separated from the Greeks and British, and the Nazi thrust seemed to be moving on with ir resistible force toward the Albanian border, these sources said. To reach their goals in Western Yugoslavia the German mo torized columns sped over roads little better than goat trails. The Italians meanwhile had pressed eastward into Yugoslavia to take the town of Grad. There seemed to be little chance that the Yugoslav forces, reported to be somewhat disorganized, could successfully retreat. ^ Neutral observers at Bern, Switzerland, said that when the Germans and Italians effect a junction the Nazi forces could wheel south, heading for the Greek peninsula itself and the road to Athens. They held it likely that the next and perhaps decisive phase of ^ the battle of the Balkans would take place when the Germans tried to storm the prepared positions of Greek and British forces. British Confidence Unshaken by Events. German occupation of Salonika and Berlin reports that other > Nazi forces have moved more than half way across Yugoslavia failed to shake the tone of British confidence set by Prime Minister Churchill himself, military observers in London said. These observers said that if any grave importance had attached to the defense of Salonika the British Army would have defended it as there was ample opportunity to install there Australian and New Zealand veterans of the winter Libyan campaign. Authoritative London sources said there were no British troops in the Thrace and Macedonia areas east of Salonika, where, the German high command said, the east wing of the Greek Army had surrendered. Military circles received with equanimity the news that the Greeks in the east had capitulated, and remarked that, as pre viously indicated, these were merely screening units and garrisons for such fortresses as those in the RupeJ Pass. Any attempt to compare their fate with that of the British expeditionary force at Dunkerque was improper, these observers said. The main units of the Allied forces are believed to be disposed > in a great arch curving from occupied Albania to the Gulf of Salonika, and nowhere are these forces cut off from supplies. % Coventry, Sleepless, Digs Out ' Of Debris of New Bombing (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) 1 By RUSSELL LANDSTROM. Associated Press War Correspondent. COVENTRY, England. April 9 — This historic Midlands city of Lady Godiva and Peeping Tom coped to day with new devastation wrought overnight by German bombers in the worst assault since the disaster of last November 14. The city still was unable to de termine the toll of casualties or damage, but sleepless volunteers set about the task of salvage and rescue. The assault lasted for several hours. It was widespread, inflicting damage through the town and cleav ing extensively through the resi dential sectors. Telephone service was affected. Only curtailed service was available today. Coventry counted among major property losses a celebrated hall of which only a hollow shell remains. The almost priceless stained glass windows and tapestries had been removed earlier for safekeeping Bombs also fell on the police sta tion. a hospital and a hotel and wiped out a community feeding cen ter which was established after the November blitz. Officials said morale was ‘ won derful.” The people themselves, s i stunned for a second time, asserted: ! "We recovered and rebuilt after j the November raid and we'll pull through this all right, too. It can't last forever. The enemy under estimates the British spirit. He can’t break it—not with bombs, any i how ” Many among the poor refused to > : accept help, saying it was charity I and thus forbidden by their pride. Crowds filled the streets all day, > most of them inspecting the wreck i age. but many going about their necessary marketing just as if tht air were not filled with brick duet and the streets not strewn with broken glass anjj stone-.