Newspaper Page Text
Weather Forecast [~"Z I 7.
Clear, with lowest about 41 tonight; FtOITI PreSS to Home tomorrow increasing cloudiness, with Wifliin fL U * moderate temperature. Temperatures WIimIii Ifie nOUr ^ay"HighCSt’ 66' at 2 P m': l0WCSt' 39’ Most People ^ Washington have The a Star delivered to their homes every Prom the tnuJ f J "A®2 * u lei>ort' weekday evemng and Sunday morning. __Closing New York Morkets, Page 18._ w>) Mean. As.oci.t.d Pre... 89th YEAR. No. 35,407. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1941 THREE CENTS. BRITISH TO GET 10 COAST GUARD CUTTERS Nazis Drive Through Yugoslavia; Panzer Divisions Push to Aegean Whole East Wing Of Defenders Lays Down Arms BACKGROUND— German invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece began Sunday as cul mination of Nazi diplomatic of fensive in Balkans which resulted in German occupation of Ruma nia and Bulgaria. Yugoslav lead ers signed axis pact at Vienna, but new government at Belgrade repudiated signature, leading to invasion. by tht Associated Press. BERLIN, April 9 —The power ful Nazi Army has smashed its way clear down the Vardar River Valley, captured Salonika and forced the surrender of the whole eastern wing of the Greek Army between Salonika and the Turk ish border, the high command announced today. i An authoritative source in London said today there were no British troops stationed in that • part of Greece east of the cap tured port of Salonika, where, the German high command de clared. the whole Greek east wing surrendered.! Other German forces have taken Veles, Yugoslavia, and are advanc ing rapidly toward the Albanian border and junction w'ith Italian forces after taking Tetovo and Pri ]ep, the high command said. The capture of Skoplje was confirmed. ‘This advance placed the Ger man forces 15 miles from a junc tion with the Italians.! Nis C apture C ontirmea. Farther north in Yugoslavia, a communique said. German armored troops captured the vital railroad city of Nis, while others took Maribor and crossed the Drava River. (The capture of Nis was reported yester day from Budapest.) In Northeast Greece, a com munique said. Panzer divisions driving south from Bulgaria cap tured the town of Xanthe, 30 miles northwest of the Port of Kavallo, and advanced from there to the shores of the Aegean Sea. Many of the Greek soldiers who surrendered had fought desperately in the Struma River Valley, trying to stem the crushing German advance which broke through the extensive string of fortifications known as “the Metaxas Line.” after the late Premier Gen. John Metaxas. Wedge Driven South. The first official report here of the successful German advance came in a high command statement earlier which said the armored forces had driven a wedge southward from Yugoslavia, cutting off the Yugoslavs from British or Greek reinforcements and taking more than 20,000 prisoners. To the south, the war bulletin said. German troops drove past Lake Doiran, in Southeastern Yugoslavia, and into Greek territory. The “so-called Metaxas line” was *aid to have been broken "after an embittered struggle.” Mountain and infantry divisions under Field Marshal Gen. Siegmund Wilhelm List, supported by dive bombers, were credited with the break-through into Yugoslavia and Greece. The high command said the Ger man drive into the Skoplje region j of Yugoslavia had extended more than 60 miles from the Bulgarian frontier, “despite difficult mountain territory.” Six generals were said to have been among the 20,000 prisoners taken in southern Yugoslavia, along with much artillery and war ma terials of all kinds. A German spokesman declared that “the Serbian state is tottering after only a few days of operations by our forces.” The Germans apparently were following the same procedure as in (See BERLIN, Page A-l) Boy Charges Policeman Struck Him After Arrest Police are investigating charges of a 15-year-old youth who claims a ninth precinct policeman assaulted him while arresting him at Uline's Arena last night. The accusation was made in a Statement to police officials by Charles Covington of 631 F street N.E.. who said Policeman J. P. Mil ler struck him in the mouth while carrying him to the ninth precinct station house in a taxicab. The boy was charged at the precinct with assault and disorderly conduct and tumed over to the Receiving Home, then released a short time later in the custody of his mother, Mrs. Vin cent Giardina. Capt. Richard Mansfield, com mander of the 9th precinct, was told by Policeman Miller that a group of eight boys was making a disturbance around a ticket window at the arena and when he started for them all of the boys except Covington ran. As he arrested Covington, he «aid, the boy started twisting away. The policeman said he hailed a cab to take the boy to the station. En route, he said, the boy was still ■protesting and attempting to get loose. According to Inspector L. I. H. Edwards, it was at that time the boy is alleged to have received a blow in the mouth which loosened several teeth. The policeman told his superiors the boy was injured ♦by some object In the cab. „ y Churchill Silent on When Army In Greece Will Join Battle Prime Minister Warns Soviet That Signs Of Attack on Ukraine Are Increasing (Text of Prime Minister Churchill's Report on Page A-6.) By the Associated Press. LONDON. April 9.—Prime Minis ter Churchill told Britain today the grave extent of Germany's smashing j advance through Greece and warned Soviet Russia the Nazi drive was heading her way. In a war report to the House of Commons. Mr. Churchill announced the Nazi troops had entered Sal onika at 4 a m. "Up to the present, the British and imperial troops have not been engaged’’ in the fighting in Greece, he said. He refused to give any indication of what would be done wdth these troops in the "widespread battle.” The Prime Minister declared there were increasing signs that Germany would pounce on the wheatlands of Russia’s Ukraine. He also announced the British capture of the Red Sea port of Massaua. Eritrea, and the virtual completion of the conquest of Italian East Africa. At the same time he disclosed that 10 United States Coast Guard cut ters have been turned over to Brit ain for the battle of the Atlantic and would soon be operating against German submarines. He appealed anew for use of Irish ports and airfields to guard Britain's northwestern approaches and told Prance she would be strictly block aded and that British guns would resist any attempt on the part of the Vichy government to transfer the French Navy from Africa to metropolitan France where Hitler could get it. He admitted that “heavy losses" to German planes, submarines and cruisers would cripple British mer chant marine disastrously without the “gigantic United States building program” which would give Britain “several millions tons" of shipping next year. He also reported that the British airforce had grown to such an ex tent that some of the raids on Ger many had “exceeded in severity” anything the Germans had done in any single raid on England. Mr. Churchill said that before the battle of Greece Gen. Sir John Dill. ‘ (See-CHURCHILL, Page A-l¥J~ Massaua Is Captured, Britain Completes East African Drive Capture of El Mechili, Southwest of Derna, Claimed by Nazis Bv the Associated Press. CAIRO. Egypt. April 9— British troops have occupied Massaua, chief seaport of Eritrea, virtually com pleting their conquest of Italian East Africa, the Middle East command announced today. The Fascist defenders of the Red Sea port capitulated yesterday, a general heardquarters war bulletin said, and the imperial forces quickly moved in. (The German high command announced in Berlin today that German and Italian troops had captured El Mechili, 80 kilometers (about 50 milesi southwest of Derna, Libya. Six generals and 2.000 prisoners were taken, the high command said.) With the fall of Massaua. the Italians have been routed from all their main bases along the Red Sea and Indian Ocean coasts and the capitals of Mussolini's three East African colonies are in British hands. They are Addis Ababa, Ethi opia; Asmara, Eritrea, and Mogad iscio, Italian Somaliland. In addition, the British have recaptured Berbera, capital of British Somaliland, which the Italians had seized early in the African war. Today's communique said that pursuit of retreating Italian forces in Ethiopia "is being maintained.” The British rearguard was “heavily engaged all day” yesterday in delay ing German-Italian troops advanc ing across Libya, the Middle East command announced, but made no mention of Derna, port which the Italians claim to have occupied. axis forces continue Drive East of Derna ROME, April 9 UP).—German and Italian forces are continuing their advance across Libya from cap tured Derna in pursuit of retiring British forces, the Fascist high com mand announced today. Mopping up of the “vast region” reoccupied by the advancing axis armies is proceeding rapidly, the daily war bulletin declared. Recapture of Derna. announced by the high command yesterday, was said to have been the result of a '•brilliant maneuver” which over came the resistance of British me chanized units at Msus and Mechili. south of that port. German warplanes, the Italians said, were lending effective aid in the Libyan operations, bombing and machine gunning British columns. On the East African front, the communique declared, the British resumed mass attacks on the Eri trean Red Sea port of Massaua. “In the remaining territory (in East Africa),” the high command said, "the situation as a whole is unchanged.” Senate Unit Approves Adding 100,000 to Navy By U e Associated Press. An authorized increase of 100.000 in the present man power of the Navy won unanimous approval today of the Senate Naval Affairs Com mittee. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, chief of the Bureau of Navigation, testified that voluntary enlistments would supply all the men needed during next fiscal year. Close to 200,000 men are now on duty, and Admiral Nimitz said the new legislation, already passed by the House, would increase the strength to 300,000. By 1947, the admiral said, the Navy would need 532,500 men to man the two-ocean Navy and its shore stations. Battle Panzer Units Northwest of Skoplje, Yugoslavs Declare Key Rail Town Evacuated, Athens Legation Says, After Stiff Resistance By th* Associated Press. ATHENS, Greece, April 9 —Yugo slav troops, after abandoning Skoplje to the Germans, now are battling panzer units in the moun tains northwest of the town in an effort to prevent the Germans from cutting the country in two. a Yugo slav communique issued here said today. The Yugoslav government an nounced that Belgrade, Yugoslav capital which had been declared an open city before the German in vasion, had been turned into a mass of debris by the Luftwaffe, "its streets filled with bodies of dead women, children and old men.” Evacuation of the key railroad town of Skoplje was announced in a communique from the Yugoslav general headquarters issued by the Athens Legation. The communique, which covered April 6, 7 and 8, declared large Nazi forces were driving toward Kumanovo, 17 miles northeast of Skoplje, gateway to the Vardar River Valley. "Despite stiff resistance.” the com munique said, "we have been com pelled to evacuate Skoplje." After occupying the town the Ger mans were said to have struck with armored units at the pass of Katch anik. about 16 miles northwest of Skoplje. The communique said the fighting there continued. Stubborn Yugoslav resistance was (See" YUGOSLAV, Page A-4.) Breaks Off Relations B» the Associated Press. LONDON, April 9—A Rome radio broadcast, heard in London, assert ed today the Hungarian government had announced the breaking of dip lomatic relations with Yugoslavia “in view of repeated Yugoslav bomb ing of Hungarian territory.” BERLIN, April 9 (JP).—DNB, official German news agency, in a dispatch from Bratislava today, quoted polit ical circles as saying Slovakia had severed diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia. r British Still Wait To Go Into Battle With Invaders Ft i he Associated Press. ATHENS. April 9 —With the same speed and power which smashed the Allies in Northern France, a German blitzkrieg divi sion has split Greece in two, but the British apparently have not yet gone into battle. Nazi mechanized forces drove a wedge into the rugged country west of Salonika, cutting off the big Macedonian port and trapping un counted troops along the Struma River line, although garrisons were holding out grimly in the valley forts. • There was nt response from Athens on the German announce ment of the capture of Salonika and surrender of some 300,000 Greek troops in Northeast Greece.) • Stefani, official Italian news agency, declared the Germans had broken through Australian and New Zealand troops in the Struma Valley, but Berlin itself asserted that the Germans had not yet met the British and a spokesman tauntingly suggested the British were afraid to come out to fight.) R. A. F. Blasts Nazi Tanks. A British military' spokesman merely said no British contact had been established with the Germans, “nor is there any indication when that contact will be effected.” R. A. F. bombers blasted German tanks and motor convoys repeatedly yesterday in vigorous assaults upon I German invaders in Greece and • Yugoslavia, the R. A. F. command announced. • The Rome and Berlin radios, heard today in London, quoted what they called a report from Sofia. Bulgaria, that sailings of British transport ships in Piraeus, port of Athens, had been can celed. • The ships, according to the Sofia message, had been ordered to remain in port, and the radio said Greek military circles con sidered the order a precautionary measure for re-embarkation of British troops.) Drive at Breakneck Speed. Flat lands and good roads in the Vardar Valley, which the Germans took after a surprise dash across Southeastern Yugoslavia, enabled them to proceed at break-neck speed since dawn toward Salonika. “Germany.” a British spokes man said, “had her usual oppor tunity of taking the initiative and, by choosing her time, naturally got a flying start. “The situation looks rather dark at the moment and will continue to look so until the position is clar ified. But the situation also has its good sides.” It was still questionable how far the Germans would be able to main tain their flying start, the spokes man said. He added that Germany evidently had taken action before she was really ready. Greeks Fight Delaying Action. Outnumbered Greeks were said to be fighting only a delaying action, and it was indicated they intended to give up Salonika rather than have it subjected to heavy fire such as destroyed it in the World War. The Germans will find the city virtually deserted. J. Paul Thorne, American Red Cross representative in Greece, and one of the last to leave Salonika before roads across the Vardar Valley were cut, declared thousands were streaming from the Aegean seaport. Many in Macedonia remembered the Bulgar occupation of the port during the World War w'hen thou sands starved, disease took a heavy toll and residents worked in labor battalions. Resistance above Salonika gave way gradually as the German division hit the lowlands where the Vardar empties into the Aegean, then wheeled eastward toward the city. The move completed the separa (See ATHENS, Page A-4.) Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements. B-12 Comics ...C-8-9 Editorials . A-10 Finance -A-17 Legal Notices, C-6 Lost, Found-C-4 Page. Obituary --A-12 Radio._C-8 Serial Story.A-14 Society_B-3 Sports _C-l-3 Woman’s Page, B-14 Foreign. Greece spit in two by German of fensive. Page A-l Northwest Yugoslav town Is occupied, Italians claim. Page A-4 Massaua captured; Britain completes East African drive. Page A-l Italy demands U. S. recall assistant military attache. Page A-l British planes raid Kiel, Bremer haven and Rotterdam. Page A-4 Notional. Roosevelt urges redoubled effort to speed defense program. Page A-l Mediators press for speedy re-open ing of Ford plant. Page A-l F. B. I. urged to testify on "subver sive” strike influences. Page A-3 Peace hopes rest on crushing Nazis, Wallace says. Page A-6 Senators George and Taft predict big tax increases. Page A-* Voluntary action on censorship prob lem seen by Early. ptf>e A-12 Washington and Vicinity. Senator Sheppard of Texas dies after week's illness. Page A-l Residents continue jai alai fight de spite Delegate s stand. Page B-l Editorial and Comment. Answers to Questions. Page A-10 Letters to The Star. Page A-10 This and That. Page A-10 David Lawrence. PageA-11 Dorothy Thompson. PageA-11 Dewitt Mackenzie. Page A-ll Constantine Brown. Page A-ll The Conning Tower. Page A-ll Sports. Befuddled ring solons hold up Oa lento’s purse. Page C-l Pushed to beat Musto, Louis faces tough summer. Page C-l Sundra wins acclaim as Nats win again from Tigers. Page C-2 Golf hall of fame formed with four charter members. Page C-3 Miscellaneous. Vital Statistics. Page A-8-9 Nature's Children. Page A-13 Bedtime Story. Page C-8 Cross-word Puzzle. Page C-9 Uncle Ray s Corner. Page C-9 Winning Contract. Page C-9 Service Orders. Page B-15 City News in Brief. fljPage C-10 ^I'M TCLUNcTYOU,UNCLrr\ IF THEY DON r BLOOM iMTME | NEXT IOO DAYS, THERE WONT I yBE ANY FESTIVAL^^/■ Senator Morris Sheppard Dies; Member of Congress 38 Years Texan Fathered Dry Law; Headed Military Committee Senator Morris Sheppard of Texas, “father of the 18th amendment" and "dean" of Congress, died today after an illness of less than a week. He would have been 66 May 28. The veteran Democratic legisla tor, who was chairman of the Sen ate Military Affairs Committee, was stricken with an intra-cranial hem orrhage last Friday. He remained at home under treatment and then ] was removed to Walter Reed Hos pital, where death came at 5 a.m. He had "a good day” yesterday. Dr. George W. Calver. Capitol physician reported, but took a turn for the worse in the night. Death resulted from a slow hemorrhage into the brain. As chairman of the Military Affairs Committee, Senator Shep pard was in charge of much impor tant legislation in connection with the defense program, and during recent months had worked under an ever-increasing strain. Expressing "sincere sorrow” at his <See SHEPPARDTPage~A~12~T' Garner Is Discussed As Senate Appointee To Succeed Sheppard Appointment of former Vice President John Nance 'Gamer as Senator from Texas to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Sheppard was discussed on Capitol Hill today. “Jack ’ Garner, already hav ing served as Representative, Speaker and Vice President, would round out. if selected for the Senate, an unparalleled career in public office. Mr. Garner left Washington to re turn to Texas last January after the inauguration of Presi dent Roosevelt and Vice Presi dent Wallace. Within 10 days Gov. O'Daniel of Texas must call a special election to take place between the next 60 and 90 days to elect a successor to Senator Shep pard. whose term of office does not expire until January 3. 1943. Because Congress is in session the Governor also may make an interim appointment. Roosevelt Asks More Speed on Defense; Murray Summoned President Will Discuss Labor Co-operation With C. I. 0. Chief By JOHN C. HENRY. Calling for ever-increasing speed of production in America's defense effort and its program of aid to nations fighting the totalitarian axis. President Roosevelt today arranged to confer with Philip Mur ray, president of the C. I. O., on the over-all problem of labor's co-opera tion. Mr. Murray arrived this morning from Detroit after participating yesterday with negotiators attempt ing to settle the dispute in the Ford Motor Co. plants. His presence at the Detroit discussions had been re quested by Gov. Murray Van Wag oner of Michigan. President Roosevelt's invitation to the labor leader to come to the White House for consultation was Issued over the week end while the C. I. O. was engaged in negotiating new labor agreements with several major industries and concerns, in cluding the bituminous coal indus try and the United States Steel Corp. The latter is the largest single unit in the steel industry. Negotiations Continue. Strike threats have been hanging Dver both the soft coal industry and “Big Steel,” but negotiations are still under way in each case. Earlier today, the President took up with six Southern Governors their cofnplaint that defense in dustries are being concentrated too greatly in the Northeast and Mid western sections of the country. Those calling on the President for this purpose were Govs. Frank M. Dixon of Alabama, Sam H. Jones of Louisiana, Paul B. Johnson of Mis sissippi, Burnet R. Maybank of South Carolina, Prentice Cooper of Tennessee and Eugene Talmadge of Georgia. As the Governors left the White House today they said they felt en couraged by Mr. Roosevelt's reaction to their position. They emphasized that they consider the present de gree of concentration as dangerous to the whole national defense effort and that the President had indi cated concurrence in their support of a continuing policy of decentraliza tion in the future. The President told a press con ference questioner yesterday that the national defense effort is being made on a basis of greatest possible speed and efficiency, rather than <See ROOSEVELT, Q^ge A-3.) Conciliators Press For Quick Agreement To End Ford Strike Hope to Beat Deadline Set for Putting Tie-up Before Mediation Board By tbe Associated Press. DETROIT, April 9 —Quick agree ment for reopening the Ford Motor Co.'s strike-closed River Rouge plant, restoring a flow of materials to branches of the far-flung Ford in dustrial network, was urged on com pany and union officials today by Federal and State conciliators who hoped for action before a Labor Department deadline. Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner of Michigan said last night that Secre tary of Labor Perkins had set a time limit of “24 or 48 hours—I'm not sure which,” for further nego tiations. before she would certify the week-old dispute to the National Defense Mediation Board Two unprecedented joint confer ences, bringing high union leaders and Ford officials together for the first time in the Ford Co.'s 38-year history, brought only an announce ment this morning that they were “definitely making progress” and that the situation “looks better than It did yesterday morning." Talks Last Until 2 A.M. After the second meeting, an eight-hour session that concluded about 2 am. today, Gov. Van Wagoner commented with a wry smile that Secretary Perkins' time limit “isn't up yet.” The strike was formally called a week ago this morning, after the United Automobile Workers <C. I.O.) charged that the Ford Co. dis charged eight union committeemen. U. A. W.-C. I. O. leaders listed de mands for a contract, a 10-cent hourly wage increase and substitu tion of uniformed protection em ployes for the Ford service depart ment. Gov. Van Wagoner appealed to President Roosevelt late yesterday to forestall certification of the dis pute to the Mediation Board and later Secretary Perkins advised him such action would not be taken last night. The pace of settlement negotia tions was speeded yesterday after Philip Murray, president of the Congress of Industrial Organiza tions, came to Detroit and was escorted by the Governor and James F. Dewey, conciliator of the Depart ment of Labor, to a meeting with Harry H. Bennett, Ford personnel (See FOREj|Page A-3.) Italy Demands U.S. ' Recall Assistant Military Attache Rome's Action Viewed As Retaliation for Ouster of Lais Bv BLAIR BOLLES. Italy has demanded the with drawal of the American Assistant Military Attache. Capt. William C. Bentley, immediately from Rome on the ground that he is persona non | grata to the Italian government, the ; State Department announced today, j ) The request was delivered to Sec I retary of State Hull last night by the I Italian Ambassador here. Prince j Colonan. It was generally regarded ; j as retaliation for the American de- j i mand that Admiral Alberto Lais, : Italy's Naval Attache in Washing- | | ton, be summoned home. I Capt. Bentley held in the Amer | ican Embassy at Rome the dual post of Assistant Military Attache and the Assistant Military Attache for Air. The Italian Ambassador at the same time told Mr. Hull that Ad miral Lais has ended his duties as Naval Attache and will leave the United States without delay. His recall was demanded April 3. Text of Announcement. The text of the State Department announcement: "By note of April 3. 1941, the Sec retary of State notified the royal Italian Ambassador that Admiral Alberto Lais, naval attache of the royal Italian Embassy, was persona non grata to this Government and requested that the royal Italian government withdraw- him immedi ately from the United States. “The Secretary of State has now been informed by the royal Italian Ambassador in a note dated April 8 that Admiral Lais had ceased from his functions and will leave this country without delay. “In the same note the royal Italian Ambassador stated that Capt. Wil liam C. Bentley, assistant military attache and assistant military at tache for air of the United States Embassy in Rome, is persona non grata to the royal Italian govern ment. and requested that he be withdrawn immediately from Italy.” Bentley a Senior Pilot. Capt. Bentley was ordered to his post in Rome on February 12, 1940. He is a Virginian, born July 28, 1903. Since 1920 he has been in the Army (See-ITALYTPage A-6.) Nazi Ship Reaches Rio RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, April 9 (JF).—The 1.545-ton German freighter Hermes arrived here today. The ves sel was said to have crossed from Bordeaux, Prance, n 29 days. Galento Receives His Cut of Gate, Aid Suspended (Earlier Story on Page C-l.) Tony Galento's purse for last night's ill-starred bout with Buddy Baer at Uline Arena was ordered paid today by the District Boxing Commission after an X-ray exami nation revealed the New Jersey heavyweight had suffered a recur rence of old bone injuries in his left left hand. There was no evidence of a new fracture or break in the thumb which last night caused the robust gladiator such pain. At Casualty Hospital, where the picture was made, it was explained he had dam aged the hand enough to believe it was broken. Galento, who refused to budge off his stool for the start of the seventh of a scheduled 10-round bout, re ceived $5,912.50, or 27 \2 per cent of $21,500—the net gate receipts. Jimmy Prayne, Galento's second who ripped off his left glove when Referee Eddie La Fond refused to halt the engagement unless Galento wanted to forfeit, was suspended for 60 days by the District Commission. The suspension is binding in all States affiliated with the National Boxing Associat^n. Second Best Class in Service May Be Involved Craft Not So Fast, But Are Roughly Equal to Destroyers BACKGROUND— Under Lease-Lend Act, United States may spend up to $1,300 000.000 for transferring existing war equipment and food to na tions whose defense is deemed vital to safety of United States. President Roosevelt last fall or dered 50 World War destroyers traded to British for 99-year leases on Atlantic bases. This country also is building merchant ships for Britain. B* (he Associated Press. The release of 10 Coast Guard cutters to the British was an nounced today at the White House Stephen Early, presidential press secretary, told reporters the vessels had not yet been delivered to the English, but were being prepared for the transfer under terms of the lease-lend bill. He said he preferred not to dis close the names of the cutters, but said they were built from 1928 to 1932. No commercial ships or naval craft are involved in the deal. Mr. Earlv said. Presumably, he added, the cutters will be turned over to British crews on this side of the Atlantic, as was done in the case of 50 de stroyers released to Britain in ex change for defense base sites. Will Replenish Convoy Forces. The vessels will help replenish Britain’s vital forces used for main taining her trans-Atlantic supply lines, but whether additional armed craft will be transferred to England Churchill Declares Cutters Will See Action Soon B' the Associated Press LONDON. April 9—Prime Minister Churchill, in telling a cheering House of Commons today the United States was sending Britain 10 Coast Guard cutters to be used against Nazi submarines, commented: "These vessels originally were designed to enforce prohibition, and will now serve an even higher pur pose.” Mr. Churchill's announce ment said "I am authorized to say that 10 United States revenue cutters, fast vessels of about 2,000 tons displacement with fine armament and a wide range of endurance, have al ready been placed at our dis posal by the United States Gov ernment and will soon be in action.” • was not indicated. Britain has said that she is badly in need of ships to escort convoys. The cutters are armed, but Mr. Early said he thought they had little more than one-pyund can nons. He said he doubted addi tional armament would be placed on them before the transfer. The White House secretary' said the cutters were "good boats” that had been in service for some time. Coast Guard officials declined to give any information about which ships were involved, from what services they will be withdrawn, or what effect the transfers might have on Coast Guard functions. "Lake” Class Described. iiunim , me gcuetai ucoei ijjuuu of the vessels fitted the ten 250 foot cutters of the Coast Guard's “lake” class. They are the Cayuga, Itasca. Sebago. Saranac, Shoshone, Chelan. Champlain, Mendota, Pont chartrain and Tahoe. The White House announcement apparently excluded the possibility of transfer now of any of the Coast Guard's seven bigger vessels, built after 1932. Altogether, the Coast Guard has about 85 cutters of sea going size, but the 10 "lake" class cutters are the second best group in the service. At last reports the lake cutters were distributed widely in both Pa cific and Atlantic duty. The Chelan, for instance, was reported officially a few days ago to be preparing to go out in the North Atlantic on annual ice patrol. The Shoshone has been patrolling the Pacific Coast but recently put in at an East Coast port for overhaul. All of the class have participated in rescues at sea. The “lake” cutters make about 18 knots, believed by naval experts to be fast enough for combating sub marines. which are slower. Since the Coast Guard automati cally becomes a part of the Navy in time of war. Coast Guard ves sels usually are built along naval lines. The “lake” ships are roughly equivalent to destroyers but not as heavily armed or as fast. Phelps-Dodge Strike Sent to Mediation Board Br lbe Associated Press. Secretary of Labor Perkins lata yesterday certified to the National Defense Mediation Board the 2-day old strike of a C. I. O. union at the Phelps-Dodge Copper Products Corp. at Elizabeth, N. J. Labor department officials said the plant had $30,000,000 in national defense orders and 1,800 employes. C. I. O.'s United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers’ Union, the department said, called the strike April 6 In a dispute over a new con tract on wages and hours and the establishment a union shop.