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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 05, 1941, Image 1

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' Two Extra Pages
In This Edition MICHT Fill Al
Late news and sports art covered on Pages 1^ I^J I I I II IvllL
1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supple*
meriting the newi of the regular home delivered
edition ol Th* Star.
Closing N. Y. Morkets-Soles, Poge 16. .M,,n' A',ec,,t‘d p™»-_
89th YEAR. No. 35,433. _ THREE CENTS.
Late News Bulletins
Canada Loses 75 Men in Ship Sinking
OTTAWA i/P).—Naval Minister MacDonald announced
late today 75 military personnel had been lost in the sinking
of a ship.
Virginian Dies in Fall From Scaffold
James W. Richards. 43, of West Falls Church, Va.. was
fatally injured this afternoon, police said, in a fall from a
scaffold at a construction project at Sixteenth and N. Rawls
streets, Arlington, Va.
New York Indictments Charge Milk Price Plot
NEW YORK </P).—A Federal grand jury today indicted
Sheffield Farms, Inc.; the Borden Co., four subsidiary concerns
and 33 individuals on charges of conspiracy to violate the
Sherman anti-trust law and fix milk prices in the metropoli
tan area. The true bill alleged that the defendants sell 60
per cent of all store-bought milk in the city. Among the
individual defendants were L. A. von Bomel, now president
of National Dairy Products Corp. and former president of
Sheffield, and T. G. Montague, president of the Borden firm.
$1,942 Daily Double at Sportsman's Park
CHICAGO <tf\—’Tall Oak, a 7-year-old gelding owned by
Mrs. M. G. Farnsworth of Chicago, was responsible for a
$1,942.80 daily double payoff today at Sportsman’s Park. He
won the first race, paying $166 to win, $131.80 to place and
$31.80 to show. The other half of the winning combination,
Sunchia, paid $6.40 after winning the second race .
Union Memorial Asked on Temple Heights
Temple Heights at Florida and Connecticut avenues,
where there have been proposals for development of an
apartment and shopping center, would be acquired by the
Government as a site for a memorial building "in cdinmemo
ration of the sacrifices of the defenders of the Union during
the Civil War,” under provisions of a bill introduced late to
day by Representative Izac, Democrat, of California. An
appropriation of $900,000 would be authorized for acquisition
of the property, either by purchase or condemnation.
Crash Kills Army Test Pilot
WICHITA, Kans. (A*).—A twin-motored experimental
training plane crashed and burned today, killing Maj. George
P. Moody. 32, Army test pilot from Maxwell Field, Ala. Wit
nesses said the plane went into a sideslip about 100 feet up
after the take-off, plummeted to earth and burst into flame.
Maryland Firemen Battle Forest Blaze
Firemen from eight Prince Georges and Montgomery
County (Md.l volunteer fire companies and nearly 100 C. C. C.
youths this afternoon were battling a forest fire along Pow
der Mill road between Sitka and Metzerott roads, covering an
area of about 300 acres. The fire first broke out yesterday, was
extinguished and began again this morning. Several houses
in the area were iaM not to be in danger. A high wind ham- -
pered firemen.
^ ^ asf • A • f
U. 5. I urns (Jut i ,4At rianes in April
Military aircraft manufacturers in the United States de
livered 1.427 airplanes during April—an increase of 211 over
the previous month—it was announced this afternoon by the
Office of Procfuction Management. No figures were given on
the types of planes nor would officials say how many went to
the United States armed services and how many went to
Great Britain.
Richmond U., 6; George Washington, 4
The University of Richmond defeated George Washing
ton, 6-4, in a 10-innlng baseball game this afternoon on the
Ellipse diamond.
Contractor's Aide Destroyed
Files on Fort Meade, He Says
By tht Associated Press.
A one-time Army construction
chief told Senate investigators to
day that he destroyed a contract to
serve as Washington consultant for
the Consolidated Engineering Co.
Immediately before the company ob
tained the contract for building a
eantonment at Tort George G.
Meade, Md.
R. C. Marshall, jr., who was chief
©f the Construction Division of the
Army prior to 1920 and is now a
retired brigadier general, told the
Senate Committee Investigating the
Defense Program that he tore up his
contract and "threw it in the waste
basket” after J. A. Stalfort, presi
dent of Consolidated Engineering,
had expressed a desire to cancel it.
Mr. Stalfort told him. Mr. Mar
shall said, that in order to obtain
the Fort Meade contract it would be
necessary to sign an affidavit declar
ing that no one was given a com
mission for assisting in obtaining
the work.
“He asked me if I would not cancel
the contract and I said I would and
did.” Mr. Marshall added.
Mr. Marshall said in response to
questions that he had destroyed all
files in connection with the case and
that after he had received word of
the creation of the Senate Investi
i See~DEFENSE PROBE. Page 2-X.)
Nearsight Wins Pimlico 5th
While Form Players Groan
PIMLICO, Md.—The *5,000
added Jennings Handicap, sixth
and feature race on today’s card,
went to the flying hoofs of Mrs. A.
B. Letellier's Handy Tom. In
front at the start, he shook off
repeated challenges and under
a hard drive lasted to withstand
the closing bid of Hal Price
Headley's Third Covey. Mrs. A.
J. Abel’s Honey Cloud was a wilt
ing third. The crowd plunged
heavily on Cherry Jam, an also
■••rial Dispatch to The Star.
PlilLICO. Md., May 5.—Form
players suffered in the filth race
here today when King Ranch's
Frontier Model, odds-on favorite,
went down to defeat.
Nearsight, racing for Lazy F.
Ranch, proved the right one. The
son of Discovery took command with
the break and was never threatened.
Tower Stable's Fettacaim out
pamed Frontier Model for the place.
The few scattered backers of
Nearsight received $31.00.
Rough Biscuit, under Mora's ex
eellent handling, won the fourth
event. The Happy Time-Marlene
4-year-old colt turned back 10 other
mediocre platers. Three lengths
farther back, Talent took second
money, while Ebonito gained the
short award. Slightly neglected In
the betting, Rough Biscuit paid
The Dra/tee Steeplechase, third
on the program, went to Newell J.
Ward. Jr.*, Spy Hill. On top
through tout the 2 miles. Spy Hill
won easily, defeating S. Bryce Wing’*
Balk, favorite, by four length*. Mrs.
• i
Van Lear Black's Strolling On was
a distant third. Graceful Boo.
Sunbee and Killmalock' fell, but
both riders and horse* escaped
Late Races
Earlier results, Rossvan’s and
other selections and entries for
tomorrow on Fare 2-X.
SIXTH RACE—Purse. *5.000 added:
Jennings Handicap: 3-year-olds and up;
0 furlongs. _ , „„
Handy Tom (Harrell' 9.70 5.90 4.80
Third Covey (Madden) 10.30 8.40
Honey Cloud (Duppsi 4.30
Time. 1:118a.
Also ran—Abrasion, Cherry Jam. Happy
Lark and Clyde Tolson.
! SEVENTH RACE—Purse. *1.000: claim
ing. 3-year-olds: 1 mile and 70 yards.
I Peed Patch <6isto> 8.00 5.10 3.80
Tantrum (Smith' 9.20 o.40
Easter Rabbit (Hanfordt o.SO
Time. ) :4B*k
Also ran—Ring Up. Patron Saint. Golden
Mowlee. Stadium. Cut Off. Nutmeg Lass
and Bar Ship.
SEVENTH RACE—Purse. *1.500: claim
ing: 3-year-olds and up: 1A miles.
Cross Question (Huff) 24.10 7.70 4.30
Llanero (Lindbere) 3.20 2.30
Trapeie Artist (Eceird) 3.60
Time. l:478j.
Also ran—Brown Bomb and Paul Pry.
SEVENTH RACE—Purse, SI,000: elsim
ing: 4-year-olds and up: l.'« miles.
Cash O’Boy (W. Cook) 9.80 4.80 3.90
Warring Witch (Vine) 8.50 4.90
Skating Mad (Snyder) 4.70
Time. 1:47.
Also ran—Lou Hani. Jay Bee Dee.
Cuckoo end Lady Roms.
Churchill Downs
SEVENTH RACE—Purse, SiOO: claiming.
3-year-olds: 1miles.
Nemlssa (Eads' 13.40 8.40 4.40
Mack's Hope (Thompson) 4.00 S.20
Sasnak (McCombs) 4.40
Time, 1:4?S
Also rap—Bookie Me. Thistle Banes.
Wiaabesu and Veeneliu.
Indians Beat
Nats, 2 to 1,
After Rally
Memsley Singles
In Ninth Inning,
Scoring Boudreau
Star Staff Correspondent.
CLEVELAND. May 5.—The Cleve
land Indians made it 11 straight
victories today by defeating the
Washington Nationals.
The score was 2 to 1.
WASHINGTON—Welaj walked.
Cramer flied to Heath. Vernon
popped to Boudreau Lewis fanned.
No runs.
CLEVELAND—Weatherly fanned.
Keltner flied to Welaj. Boudreau
took a third strike. No runs.
Washington, 0; Cleveland, 0.
WASHINGTON—Travis took a
third strike, it was the first time this
season that Travis had struck out.
Myei walked on four pitches. West
also walked. Ferrell took a third
strike. Chase walked, filling the
bases. Welaj fanned. No runs.
CLEVELAND—Trosky flied to
Cramei Heath was hit in the back
by p pitched ball Bell flied to
Cramer. Mack flopped to Myer.
No runs.
Washington, 0; Cleveland, 0.
WASHINGTON—Cramer doubled
off the right-field fence for the'first
hit off Feller. Vernon flied deep to
Weatherley, Cramer taking third I
after the catch. Lewis fanned.:
Cramer scored and Travis was safe
on Keltner's error of his smash.
Myer popped to Mack. One run.
CLEVELAND—Travis threw out
Hemsley. Travis made a spectacu
lar stab of Feller's smash back of
second base and threw him out.
Weatherly doubled past Vernon.
Keltner flied to West. No runs.
Washington. 1: Cleveland, 0.
WASHINGTON — West took a1
third strike. So did Ferrell. Chase
fanned. No runs
CLEVELAND—Boudreau singled
to left. Trosky hit into a double
play. Myer to Travis to Vernon.
Heath flied to Cramer. No runs. |
Washington. 1: Cleveland, 0.
WASHINGTON—Welaj took a
third strike. It was Feller's fourth
straight strike out. Cramer singled
to Center. Vernon flied to Heath.
Lewis walked. Feller knocked down .
Travis' smash and threw him out.!
No runs.
CLEVELAND—Bell took a third
strike. Mack lined to Cramer. Travis
threw out Hemsley. No runs.
Washington, 1; Cleveland, 0.
WASHINGTON—Mver walked.
West flied to Bell. Ferrell took a
third strike for the third straight
time. Chase lined to Boudreau. No
CLEVELAND—Travis threw out
Feller. Weatherly dropped a single
in center. Keltner fouled to Fer
rell. Weatherly was out stealing,
Ferrell to Travis. No runs.
Washington. 1; Cleveland. 0.
WASHINGTON—Boildreau went
to short left for Welaj's looper. Mack
threw out Cramer. Vernon fanned.
No runs.
CLEVELAND—Boudreau hit a
home run over the center-field fence,
tying the score. Trosky singled off
Chase's glove. Heath sacrificed,
Chase to Myer, who covered first.
Bell flied deep to Welaj. and when
Travis dropped Welaj's throw to
second base, in attempt to catch
Trosky for a duoble-plav, he was
charged with an error. Mack fan
ned. One run.
WASHINGTON—Lewis doubled
over Weatherly's head, but was out
at third attempting to stretch it.
Heath to Boudreau to Keltner. Travis
lined to Weatherly. Myer walked.
West flied to Heath. No runs.
CLEVELAND—Hemsley singled to
center. Feller sacrificed, Chase to
Myer who covered first. Weatherly
fouled to Lewis. Keltner was out,
Vernon to Chase who covered first.
No runs. %
WASHINGTON—Ferrell flied to
Weatherly. Chase tapped in front
of the plate and Hemsley tagged
him out. Welaj fanned. No runs.
CLEVELAND—Boudreau walked.
Trosky bunted down the third-base
line and both runners were safe on
Lewis’ low throw to Travis. Heath
sacrificed, Lewis to Myer, .who cov
ered first. Bell was purposely
passed, filling the bases. Mack flied
to Cramer in short center field, the
runners holding their bases. Hems
ley singled to left, scoring Boudreau
with the running run. One run.
Other League Qames
At Chicago—
Philadelphia 000 300 010 01— S 10 1
Chicago ... 000 200 011 00— 4 12 2
Batteries—MeCrabk and Hares; Smith.
Appleton and Troth.
At Detroit
New York... 000 102 000- 3 « 1
Detroit_ 005 002 OOx— T « 1
Batteries—Gemes. Stsneeaa. Branch ant
Dicker; Britses ant Tebketts.
Boston at St. Loni*—Rain.
At Boston—
St. Louis.... 000 111 020- 5 11 0
Boston . 000 000 010- 1 5 1
Batteriet—White and Manenat; Erriek
nii. Jehnsen and Arm. Mast.
Pittsburgh at Brooklyn—Rain.
Chicago at New York—Rain.
Cincinnati at Philadelphia—Wotn.
Mass., chief radio operator of the United States Antarctic Ex
pedition, <got a big hug from Mrs. Bailey and friend, Barbara
Gregory, aboard the motorship North Star when it docked here
today after 1'2 years in South Polar regions. The expedition
was the first Government sponsored to the Antarctic in 100
years. (Story on Page 2-X.» —A. P. Wirephoto.
St. Louis Post Dispatch
Wins Pulitzer Prize
For Smoke Crusade
Pegler Awarded $1,000
For Expose of Scandals
That Convicted Scaiise
By the Associated Pres*.
NEW YORK, May 5—The St.
Louis Po6t Dispatch was awarded
the *500 Pulitzer Prize gold medal
this afternoon for the most dis
interested and meritorious service
rendered by an American newspaper
during 1940.
The award was made for the news
paper's successful campaign against
the city smoke nuisance.
In place of an individual prize
for foreign correspondents the trus-'
tees decided that a bronze plaque
or scroll be executed to recognize
the public services and individual
achievements of American news re
porters in the war zone.
WUIC1 BWB1U9 wcic.
For distinguished editorial writ
ing during the year, limited to the
editorial page. $500; awarded to
Reuben Maury of the New York
Daily News.
For a distinguished example of a
reporter's work curing the year,
$1,000 awarded to Westbrook Pegler
of the New York World-Telegram
for his articles on scandals in the
ranks of organized labor which led
to the exposure and conviction of
George Scalise.
For a distinguished example of a
cartoonist's work published in an
American newspaper during the
year, $500. awarded to Jacob Burck
of the Chicago Times, "for dis
(See PULITZER, Page 2-X.)
One Hurt in Derailment
VALPARAISO. Ind.. May 5 (/Pi.—
The engineer of an East-bound
Pennsylvania Railroad passenger
tram was injured and a score of
passengers shaken up today by the
derailment of the engine at a cross
over switch 2 miles west of here.
Box Score
AB. R. H. O. A. E.
Welaj, rf_ 4 0 0 2 1 0
Cramer, ef... 4 1 2 5 0 0
Vernon, lb— 4 0 0 5 1 0
Lewis, 3b._3 0 1111
Travis, ss_ 4 0 0 2 5 1
Myer, 2b- 1 0 0 4 1 0
West, If. 3 0 0 1 0 0
Ferrell, e_ 4 0 0 5 1 0
Chase, p. 3 0 0 1 2 0
3/0 1 3 2 0 12 2
Two out whoa winninr ran scored.
AB. R. H. 0. A. E.
Weatherly, ef 4 0 2 3 O O
Keltner, 3b._ 4 0 0 1 0 1
Boudreau, ss_ 3 2 2 3 f O
Troaky, lb... 4 0 1 2 0 0
Heath, If_ 1 0 0 8 1 0
Bell, rf. 8 0 0 1 0 0
Mack, 2b_ 4 0 0 1 1 0
Hemsley, e.. 4 0 2 13 0 O
Feller, p_ 2 0 0 0 1 0
20 2 T 2 T 4 1
Wmahtoa . 001 000 OOO— 1
Cleveland .000 OOO 101— 9
•■ns batted in—Itidms, Barnsley.
Tvs-base hits—Cramer, Weatherly, Levis.
Home ran—Boudreau.
SacrUees Heath <*). Feller.
Doable play—Myer,'Travis and Vernon.
Left ■■ bases.—Washington. •; Cleye
land. «.
Bases en balls—Off Chase, ti aIf Feller. T.
Struck oat, By Chase. 4i by Feller. It.
Hit by pitcher—By Chase (Heath).
Winning Ditcher—Feller.
Losing pitcher—Chase.
rmpirste N»«»rs. Flpgrat. Faesareda and
ftSev; >■■■ ai—.
Bus Strike Conferees
Fail to Reach Pact
After Talks Here
'No Change' Is Reported
In Move to End Tie-up of
Pennsylvania Greyhound
Representatives of the Penn
sylvania Greyhound bus line were
reported late today to have de
manded that strikers return to
work before they negotiate on the
issues which caused the walkout
yesterday. Spokesmen for the
company left a conference at the
Labor Department after two
hours and a half late this aft
ernoon. Employe representatives
met with Daniel W. Tracy, As
sistant Secretary of Labor, and
other labor officials. The con
ferences were to be resumed at
9:30 ajn. tomorrow.
Pennsylvania Greyhound bus
strike conferees failed to reach any
agreement after a two-hour con
ference this afternoon.
Emerging from a Labor Depart
ment office at 4:30 p.m.. Sam Ber
rong. a member of the Executive
Board of the A F. L. Amalgamated
Association of Street. Electric Rail
way and Motor Coach Employes,
said that there was "no change"
in the situation. He referred ques
tions about the outlook for settle
ment to Dan W. Tracy, Assistant
Secretary of Labor, who is meeting
with the disputants.
Representatives of strikers and
the bus line met together with Mr.
Tracy and oth#r Labor Department
officials and then the management,
while Federal officials discussed the
situation with union representatives,
After this meeting the Federal offi
cers then conferred separately with
Greyhound spokesmen, and this ses
sion still was in progress late in the
The strike began yesterday when
some 1.400 Pennsylvania Greyhound
employes staged a "protest walkout'
which tied up traffic on one section
of the Greyhound system. The em
ployes are demanding wage in
creases and a closed shop.
The strike stopped travel from
Washington on the Pennsylvanis
Greyhound lines to New York. Pitts
burgh and Scranton. There was nc
interruption in Greyhound service tc
other points, since these lines art
operated by other subsidiaries ol
the Greyhound.
Regional Supervising Commis
sioner Edward J. Cunningham ol
the Conciliation Service called the
meeting here. S. R. Sundstrom
presdient of the company; Mr. Ber
rong and Federal Conciliation Com
missioner John L. Canner were
invited to the session. *
Mr. Cunningham said he was
hopeful of a settlement today or
tomorrow, and stated that the Labor
Department was urging the men tc
go back to work awhile negotiation!
are in progress.
Mr. Sundstrom arrived in W$sh
ington and told reporters this morn
ing that the union had violated i
iSee BUS STRIKE, Page A-5.)
Sox to Start Games Earlier
BOSTON, May 5 (&).—'The Boston
Red Sox announced today that
beginning Saturday all single games
on Saturday at Penway Park would
be started at 2 p.rh. (E. S. T.) in
stead of 2:30. The change was
adopted to numerous requests, the
club stated.
Today's Home Runs
Brancato. Philadelphia. 4th inning.
Boudreau. Cleveland. 7th inning.
Gordon, New York. 6th inning.
Slaughter, St. Louis. 8th Inning.
West, Boston, 8th inning.
D. C. Realty Tax
Yield Held 67%
Of Revenue
House Unit Weighed
That Fact Before
Backing Overton Bill
(Earlier Story on Page B-l.)
Representative Hunter, Democrat,
of Ohio told the House late today |
the $1.75 real estate tax here is pro
ducing about two-thirds of the gen- •
eral revenues and that the House'
District Committee took that fact
into consideration befpre approving
the Overton bill.
His statement was intended as an
answer to charges made in the
House last Monday by Representa
tive Rees, Republican, of Kansas
that the real estate tax in Washing
ton is "far out of line.” At that
time Mr. Rees introduced a bill to
raise the tax rat« to *2.50.
Representative Hunter, who as
chairman of the Fiscal Affairs Sub
committee of the District Commit
tee sponsored the Overton plan in
; the House, declared that Mr. Rees'
objections to it were based on "an
. erroneous assumption that residents
of the District are not paying a
fair and just proportion of taxes, as
compared with the residents of com
parable cities elsew’here in the
United States.”
Randolph Ask* Support.
Earlier, at a meeting of the full
District Committee. Chairman Ran
i dolph appealed to the members to
I give him utmost support in seeking
1 House approval of the Overton bill,
i which contains a formula for fixing
; the amount of the annual Federal
payment toward municipal expenses.
The Overton formula, which is
scheduled to be called up in the ;
House next Monday, would fix the
Federal share of District expenses
! on the basis of the ratio of Gov
j ernment-owned acreage here, after
* certain deductions, to the total land
area. Its application, it is estimated. |
would raise the present lump sum |
Federal payment from $6,000,000 to ;
approximately $9,000,000 In the com
ing fiscal year beginning July 1.
Representative Hunter, in his
statement to the House, said:
"Mr. Speaker, a few days ago. the
gentleman from Kansas. Mr. Rees.
offered some objections to H. R. |
3490, which includes the Overton I
formula for determining the annual
payment the Federal Government
will make toward the expenses of
the District of Columbia.
List sf Cities Challenged.
I "The gentleman s objections were
based on what our investigations
have shown to be an erroneous as
sumption that residents of the Dis
trict are not paying a fair and just
proportion of taxes, as compared
with the residents of comparable
Cities elsewhere in the United States.
“To justify the statements he
quoted real estate tax rates in 22
cities. A few of these cities may ;
I rightfully have been called com
j parable cities, but it is difficult to
I picture Sioux City. Iowa; Phoenix,
Ariz.: Cumberland, Md.: Topeka.
Kans.: Fargo. N. Dak., and some of
the other cities on that list as com
parable cities.
Methods of Valuation Considered.
"The gentleman from Kansas." he
continued, also did not take into
consideration a fact that is known
to every real estate operator in the
country: namely, that a real estate
tax rate means very little unless
methods of valuation are taken into
consideration. In one area, real
estate may be assessed for taxation
purposes at 50 per cent of actual
selling price. In another, it may be
assessed at 75 per cent of market
value. In the District, it happens to
be assessed for taxation purposes
at slightly more than 100 per cent
of actual sales or market value.
“Your committee on the District
of Columbia did not approve the
Overton formula blindly. One of its
steps was to secure a study of the I
(See OVERTON, Page2-X.)
i -
Markets at a Glance
NEW YORK. May 5 UP).—
Stocks irregular: carriers resistant.
Bonds steady: rails resume ad
vance. Foreign exchange quiet;
Argentine peso advances.
Cotton irregular; mill buying,
profit-talcing and hedging. Sugar
higher: active and strong raw
market. Metals steady: steel
operations higher. Wool tops
firm: trade and local buying.
CHICAGO. — Wheat weak;
profit-taking cuts • early gain.
Com firm; good shipping busi
ness. Hogs active; fully steady:
top, $8.80. Cattle, yearling steers
and light cattle strong.
New Zealanders'
Chief Named to
Crete Command
-—Wide World Photo.
Bs the Associ»t»d Press.
CANEA. Crete, May 5—Maj. Gen.
B. C. Freyburg. V. C . commander
in chief of the New Zealand Expe
ditionary Force, has been appointed
commander in chief of Allied forces
on the Island of Crete.
The appointment was disclosed in
an order of the day addressed to
all officers and ranks in Crete by
Emmanuel Tsouderos. Greek Prime
Minister and Minister of War.
The island city of Canea has been
the headquarters of Greek King
George II of Greece and his minis
ters since the German advance on
Athens forced them to flee their
mainland capital to avoid falling
into Nazi hands. The government
is sworn to carry on resistance from
The announcement coincides with
a British announcement from Cairo
that four German warplanes have
been shot down in sky battles over
Crete and others by anti-aircraft
fire, indicating that the island mav
be the target of intensive Nazi at
Piercing Bombs Hit
German Battleships,
British Claim
Heaviest Missiles Said
To Have Fallen on
Drydock at Brest
i Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 5.—Heavy armor
piercing bombs scored direct hits on
the 26.000-ton German battleships
Scharnhorst and Gneisenau last
night, the Air Ministry reported to
day. It was the 15th R. A. F as
sault on the surface raiders at Brest.
• Sticks of the heaviest bombs also
fell repeatedly across the drydock
in which one of the vessels is
berthed." the ministry's news service
account said
"Many bursts accompanied by
flames and smoke were observed on
and about the jetty where the other
Is tied up."
It added that the two battleships
sought shelter in Brest to refuel and
take on ammunition after their last
Atlantic raids in March.
That is a 24-hour job. the ministry
said, and the presence of the big
warships “after five weeks suggest;
either that by coincidence they each
developed some grave defect while
at sea or. what is far more probable
Brest proved a very poor' sheltei
from persistent bombing by the R
A. F.
“If of late there has been a cer
tain sense of monotony in the reporl
of attacks on Brest, it may safely be
said the monotony is fully shared by
the Germans."
High Explosive Bombs
Are Dropped in Eire
By the Associated Press.
DUBLIN. May 5—A plane of un
identified nationality dropped high
explosive bombs at Carlhage Hill.
County Donegal, early this moring.
shattering windows throughout the
Explosives last were dropped on
County Donegal on March 12. near
Carndonagh and Innishowen. That
incident was the first since Dublin
and nearby are«s were raided Jan
uary 2-3. when three persons were
killed and 12 injured. The neutral
Eire government protested to Ger
many over the attacks.
Nazis Decree Rules for Credit
To Flyers for War Successes
B.f th« Associated Presa.
BERLIN. May 5.—German pilot*
will need at least an acceptable
witness or a photograph in the fu
ture to obtain credit for destroying
planes or ships.
The new system for determining
the number of planes downed and
the number of planes and ships de
stroyed was ordered by Reich
Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering,
chief of the air force.
The order includes these points:
When a British plane is shot down
within German lines or in the home
area the remains of the plane must
be found on the ground before credit
will be given.
Planes and ships will be regarded
as destroyed eoly whew tfeey are
burned, sunk or damaged so that
they cannot be used further.
A pilot s request for recogaition
of destruction of British material
will consist of five parts:
1. Pilling out a form containing
more than 20 questions and naming
the witness.
2. Report of the fight.
3. fteport of the witness.
4. A sketch.
5. A report from a superior of
Witnesses should not belong to
the crew of the plane jnaking the
claim for recognition.
Strictly accurate reports in this
respect are needed, it was said, to
provide a basis for judgment of the
situation, for the award of medals
and to guarantee a truthful history
I of the war.
Turks Declared
Also to Have
Sent Plea
Threat of Reprisal
Bombing of British
Homes Reported
LONDON, May 5 UP'.—Brit- *
ain demanded the wtihdrawal
of Iraq troops from their posi* s
tions around Habbaniyah air
drome as "an essential pre
requisite of entering into any
negotiation” with Hashed Ali's
government, an authorized
statement said tonight.
- «
(Earlier Story on Page A-l.)
the Associated Press
CAIRO. Egypt. May 5.—An ap
peal to the Iraq government to
seek peaceful settlement of its <
undeclared war with Great Brit
ain was made today by the Egyp- „
tian government, after a long
cabinet meeting.
In announcing the appeal, the n
| Egyptian government said it was
! made by one country of the Arabic- „
j speaking world to another because
| the Arabs as a whole were close to
the democracies. ^
Informed sources here said the
Turkish government made a similar
appeal to Baghdad.
A Near East communique tonight
said "successful infantry patrols”
were carried out by the British from -
Habbaniyah airdrome against at
tacking forces last night.
No Nazi Aid Has Arrived.
British quarters said that so far
no German aid other than moral *
support and money furnished before
’ the trouble started had shown up
j in Iraq for the forces of Premier
Raschid Ali A1 Gailani.
The view was expressed that the
desire for strife with the Brftish was
confined to a relatively small part
of the Iraq population, with many ,
tribesmen still waiting to see which
side is going to come out on top.
Some Shiite leaders in the Basra s
region, who usually have been in
opposition to the dominant group*
at Baghdad, are supporting the Brit- -
ish. it was said.
The British were said to be solidly
installed at Basra, at the head of s
the Persian Gulf where the British
established their base in the World
War for an eventual thrust which ^
went to Baghdad and beyond. The
vital Mosul oil region was reported
quiet, and the British said they had '
no reason to believe that the Iraqis
had damaged the oil fields.
It was admitted, however, that
hostile Iraq forces are holding the
road from Palestine in two places. .
particularly at Rutba where an un
armed construction party of British
engineers and native laborers was ,
Announcement Is Reply
To Leaflets, Iraqis Say
LONDON, May 5 OP).—The An- i
l kara radio reported today that Iraq
broadcasts were threatening t#ie „
bombing of British residential qiiar
j ters if the British bomb Baghdad,
the Iraq capital. <
The Iraq announcer stated that
it war a reply to British leaflet raids
; in which the Baghdad population »
i was warned to stop supporting the
government of Premier Raschid Ali
j A1 Gailani or the British would de- ,
liver an air attack.
(The German radio said the
British bombed Baghdad yester
day morning, but this may have
beer, a reference to the bombing
of a nearby Iraq airport.
<Ir. Cairo the British Near East
command announced that most ,
of Iraq's air force had already
been destroyed.)
bhut-Ofr Confirmed. s
Virtual confirmation of reports
that the Iraqis have succeeded in
cutting Britain's fuel line to the s
Mediterranean from the Iraq oil
fields, meanwhile, was contained in
a communique which admitted that s
the forces of Premier Raschid Ali
had occupied Rutba, an important
station on the pipe line. *
The communique said the natives
attacked an unarmed British eon*
struction party in the vicinity on
May 2 and occupied the post.
The greater part of the Iraq air <
force, however, was said to have
been destroyed by British bombing
of air bases and in air fights, while s
Iraq artillery, which has been shell*
l ing Habbaniyah airdrome, was de
clared almost silenced by persistent ’
British air attacks.
Very few casualties have resulted ,
from the shelling of the air base.
60 miles west of Baghdad, the com
munique said. s
Pepper Arrives
To Talk, Finds
Senators Gone
(Earlier Story on Page A-3.)
Senator Pepper. Democrat, of
Florida burst into the Senate cham
i ber, hat in hand, today to make a
speech on the convoy question, but
the Senate wasn't there.
Its business transacted, the cham
ber had recessed several minutes
Somewhat out of breath. Senator
Pepper told reporters he had been
detained on business for the State
of Florida at one of the executive
departments. He said he would
make his speech later.
Friends said he would advocate
the convoying of munition* !•

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