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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 28, 1941, Image 4

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Isolationists Seek
Revision of Bill to
Hold Men in Army
Wheeler Proposes Pay
Of $100 a Month to
Spur Enlistments
Administration move to have
selectees, National Guardsmen
and Reservists retained, in service
beyond a single year requires
amendment of Selective Service
Act or congressional declaration
of national emergency. Follow
ing testimony of Gen. George C.
Marshall. Army Chief of Staff,
that removal of limitation is
"urgent necessity" and statement
of President Roosevelt it should
be done to prevent "complete \
disintegration” of the Army, Sen- j
ate Military Committee, 9 to 1,
Saturday reported out measure
giving President authority to ex
tend service period.
By the Associated Press.
Senate foes of administration for
eign policy sought today to force
modification of proposed legislation
which would give the President
power to keep Army men in service
for an indefinite period?
Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of
Montana, a leader of the opposition
movement, said several substitute
plans would be considered in the
next few days at informal meetings
of administration opponents. There
were some signs, however, of dimin
ishing senatorial opposition to the
extension legislation, in connection
wdth the tense Far Eastern situa
Senator Wheeler suggested that
an alternative program should be
considered under which, he said,
the Nation could "build a profes
sional Army, with high morale.” He
proposed that selectees and enlist
ed men be paid a minimum of $100
a month—$30 in cash and $70 in
Government bonds, the latter re
deemable when the men were dis
"That would make men want to
enlist in the Army.” Senator Wheeler
declared, "and a draft would not be
However, one Republican Senator,
who asked anonymity, said he was
prepared to reverse his previous po
sition and support the service ex
tension legislation if it appeared
that American possessions were
threatened by Japan’s moves in In
cio-China. Several other Senators
said they were reserving their deci
sions until the Far Eastern situation
became more clarified.
senator wneeier expressed nis op
position to a provision of the pend
ing legislation, approved Saturday
by the Senate Military Committee,
which states that the national in
terest is imperiled. The measure
also would permit the President to
hold the armed forces in service
until he, or Congress by concurrent
resolution, decided they were no
longer needed.
The Montana Senator said that
factory workers making shells, tanks
end other Army equipment were re
ceiving a minimum average of *150
a month "while the boys who are
supposed to shoot the shells and
drive the tanks are getting *21 a
The military committee voted, 9
to 1, to report the service extension
legislation. Chairman Reynolds was
the single dissenter.
Declaration Called Path to War.
In effect. Senator Reynolds said
In a statement the measure was
notice to the world that Congress
"has authorized the preparation of
the armed forces of the United
States to enter the present world
war as an active, participating ally
of Russia and Great Britain,” Sen
ator Reynolds added:
“This declaration of a national
emergency * * * is simply a declara
tion of authority to prepare the
armed forces of the United States,
not for defense, but of offense * * • I
do not believe that our national
Interest is imperiled or will be im
periled. since the armies of the
world are apparently destroying one
another, unless we continue the pol
icy of challenging certain nations of
the world to conflict.”
Saying in his statement that he
assumed Congress would approve
the resolution. Senator Reynolds
added, "I rather suspect the next
fateful step will be another reso
lution containing a request for
authority to send our soldiers out
eide the Western Hemisphere.”
Asserting that there were now
approximately 600 000 selectees in
the armed forces, the Military Com
mittee chairman said:
"If we dismiss these 600.000 selec
tees from time to time as their
12 months' service expires, as pro
vided by the Selective Service Act
of 1940. and substitute them with
900.000 selectees as authorized under
the Selective Service Act, we will
then have approximately 2.000.000
men in the armed forces of the
United States, exclusive of the Navy,
the Marines and the Coast Guard,
and other auxiliaries of national
defense forces.”
He added that Gen. George C.
Marshall, Army Chief of Staff had
told Congress that only 1.700.000
men were needed to defend the
Western Hemisphere.
Van Nnys Reveals Position.
Senator Van Nuys. Democrat, of
Indiana, like Senator Reynolds, a
member of the Foreign Relations
Committee, made public a form let
ter saying that extension of the one
year training period for selectees
would be "a breach of good faith
upon the part of the Government.”
The letter is being sent to those
asking Senator Van Nuys' position
cn the draft extension.
The measure also provides for the
release of men who had reached
their 28th birthday before July 1,
1941, and would authorize the Sec
retary of War to release from active
service men whose retention in the
ranks might work ''undue hardship”
Cn them.
Meanwhile, selective service offi
cials continued indefinitely their
fwlicy of deferring the induction of
men 28 or older, pending action by
Congress on the legislation.
Several members of the Military
Affairs Committee declared there
%as nothing in the service extension
proposal which would revoke the
present ban against sending se
lectees, National Guardsmen and re
serves out of the Western Hemi
sphere. but Senator McCarran,
Democrat, of Nevada contended such
a restriction should be written into
the measure to prevent "another
A. E. F.”
South American Pacts
Seen by Welles as
Curb on Japan
Arrangements May Block
Vital Materials From
Nippon, He Declares
Acting Secretary of State Sumner
Welles indicated today a belief that
arrangements for preclusive buying
by the United States of strategic
materials from many Latin Ameri
can countries and the general policy
of Inter-American co-operation for
hemisphere defense would act to
prevent Japan from obtaining from
South America materials she cannot
obtain elsewhere under trade re
strictions imposed by this country,
Britain and the Netherlands.
Mr. Welles also indicated that the
United States, Great Britain and the
Netherlands could be expected to
continue talcing parallel action to
counter-threatening moves by Japan
in the South Pacific.
In response to questions, the Act
ing Secretary said there was no
definite agreement as such with
other American republics to cut off
supplies to Japan.
Arguments Pointed Out.
He pointed out. however, that the
United States has entered into
agreements for buying practically
all available production of certain
strategic goods from several Latin
American nations. Other agree
ments. he said, prohibit re-export
from other American nations of
strategic materials they might pur
chase here.
Asked if this Government might
seek arrangements to prevent
Venezuela and other South Amer
ican oil producing countries from
selling oil to Japan. Mr. Welles said
each of the other sovereign Amer
ican republics naturally decides for
itself what measures it might be
necessary to take for purposes of
hemisphere defense. He emphasized
he did not wish to be understood as
urging what they should do.
Cites Developments.
Mr. Welles was asked at a press
conference if there wras any under
standing with Great Britain as to
what each nation would do if the
interests of either were directly
threatened in the South Pacific.
Without replying directly, he said
he believed developments over the
last few months covered that ques
tion. He pointed out that this Gov
ernment and other nations with in
terests in the South Pacific have
been taking what might be called
parallel courses in that area.
The latest example of this parrallel
action is the freezing of Japanese
assets by the United States. Britain
and the Netherlands and abrogation
of an agreement under which Japan
was to get 1 800.000 tons of oil an
nually from the Netherland Indies.
Australian Premier Backs
U. S. and Britain in Pacific
By th€ Associated Press.
CANBERRA, Australia, July 28 —
Australia was declared by Prime
Minister Robert G. Menzies today to
stand firmly beside other British
countries and the United States in
the Pacific situation, although "we
never at any stage had any designs
against Japan's legitimate interests.”
Japanese occupation of French
Indo-China was described as "of
great moment to Australia and New
The Prime Minister was given a
confidence vote today by the United
Australian Party, a majority de
scribed as overwhelming favoring
his oontinuing the party leadership.
Army Minister Percy Spender an
nounced a new plan for militia na
tional service training, designed to
enable the militia units to reach
mobilization strength at short no
tice. One quarter of the militia's
strength is now' being called up for
full time service.
“Despite the provocation of Jap
an's adherence to the Axis,” Mr.
Menzies said in a statement, “and
also (former foreign minister) Mat
suoka's inflammatory statements at
Rome and Berlin, we continued a
policy of normal relations. The Jap
anese theory of encirclement is an
utterly untrue suggestion * * * and
imputed to us a really fantastic glut
tony for war.”
Couch, Utility Executive,
Reported 'Very Low'
By the Associated Press.
PINE BLUFF, Ark., July 28 —
■ Hervey C. Couch, 63, head of the
Arkansas Power & Light Co. and the
j Kansas City Southern Railway, was
: reported "very low" today at Couch
j wood, his summer home on Lake
‘ j Catherine near Hot Springs.
His office here said that members
! of his family were called to his bed
- ! side over the week end and that his
1 condition was critical. Mr. Couch
‘ [ has been in ill health for more than
: a year.
GUEST CONDUCTOR—Charles O'Connell, director of artists *
and classical recordings for R. C. A.-Victor, will be guest conduc
tor of the National Symphony Orchestra next Monday night
when Miss Lucy Monroe, “star spangled soprano,” makes her
appearance at the Water Gate in connection with the “Sing,
America, Sing” program.
Great Social Changes at Work
As Unified Britain Fights Foe
Nearly All Expect to Be Poor After War;
London May Well Be Permanently Smaller
A Pulitzer Prize-winning his
torian reports on history in the
making in a series of three ar
ticles, of which this is the first.
J Prof. Nevins, who has just re
turned from six months in Eng
land as 1941 Harmsworth pro- \
fessor of American history at
Oxford University, is a history
professor at Columbia University.
He is the author of numerous
distinguished books and articles,
among them a biography of
Grover Cleveland, which won the
Pulitzer Prize in 1932, and a
biography of Hamilton Fish,
which won the Pulitzer Prize in
_ I
Some observers who have returned
from brief visits to Great Britain
have emphasized the normality of
life in the'island. but they have not
seen far beneath the surface. The
British character still reveals the
strength that it has shown for cen- j
turies past. Many British ways are
preserved with extraordinary tenac- j
ity. But economically, socially, in
tellectually, and even governmental
| ly, Britain is undergoing a profound
j transformation. i
Even a first impression of Eng- j
I land today should dispel any idea of ■
| normality. For what at once strikes
a traveler, who has known the coun
1 trv well, is its shabby, unkept, semi- j
| dilapidated look. Normally Britain i
! is the trimmest, neatest, and in some I
respects prettiest of countries, its
streets clean, its stone and brick
buildings sprucely kept, its lawns and
gardens delightful. Today the coun
trp seems neglected. Houses, shops,
fences and vehicles have gone un
painted. Only the most urgent re
pairs have been made on buildings.
Indeed, any construction work cost
ing more than £100 ■ about $400) re
I quires a license, and the government
has systematically diverted painters,
rarpenters and plumbers to war-time
tasks. Iron railing have been torn
down for scrap. Roads, as I found
| when I motored over Central Eng
! land to address meetings, are full
j of holes and rough spots worn by
J heavy lorries. In the railway cars
: upholstery is worn threadbare; in
: many homes furniture, rugs and
wallpaper are growing dingy. Add
to all this the terrible wreckage of
the air raids and the island shows a
decided physical deterioration.
Old Clothes Made to Do.
The people, especially London, are
more shabbily dressed than of old;
they wear old suits, old cffesses. old
shoes. To be sure, many women
under 40 are in uniform, and they
and the soldiers look fresh and neat,
i But civilian clothing is rationed on
a 66-coupons-a-year basis, which
! gives every household just about as
many garments as a family spend
ing £3 to £4 i $12 to *161 for all its
costs used to have. The manufac
ture of silk stopped last December;
| silk stockings have largely given
way to wool or cotton. #id the first
summer days saw many girls on the
streets with no stockings at all.
rop hats and evening dress are sel
iom seen in even the smartest res
taurants. All this is part of the
general stringency of materials:
\ stringency that runs through
leather goods, rubber goods, paper
goods (even wrapping papen, and
such metal goods as razor blades,
typewriters and tinware, and that
extends even to corsets or girdles
and to false teeth.
Of course all this is a natural part
of the war, and the traveler soon
grows used to it. Only some special
incident brings it to mind: leaving
King's Cross station for Scotland in |
May, for example, I saw my fellow
passengers looking excitedly at some ;
bright object—it was a string of;
freshly painted railroad coaches, the
first most of us had seen for months! j
And it should be said that much of
the British landscape has been im
proved by war-time changes. As
contracts for outdoor advertising
have lapsed, billboards and signs
have been taken down. Many ham
lets. to the joy of the Council for
the preservation of rural England,
have regained their pre-automobile
aspect. __
4,000.000 Acres Plaughed l p.
Meanwhile, much more land is be
ing tilled. Nearly 4.000.000 acres of
grass have been ploughed up and
seeded. It took the Italian govern
ment 13 years to drain the Pontine
marshes; the British government
reclaimed an equal area of marsh
land in seven months.
The second great fact which is
likely to strike a traveler in Britain
is the immensity of the recent shifts
in population. The British people
used to be static—at least by Ameri
can standards; but the war has
caused tremendous displacements.
While no figures are given by the
government, it is clear that a great
part of the 47.000.000 people have
changed their homes. Part of the
movement is military. Vast army
camps are scatteied over the land
and the soldiers are frequently
shifted from one area to another.
The trains are crowded with these
troops, and with multitudes of sol
diers on short leaves back home, all
wearing full equipment—tin hat.
gas mask, blanket, knapsack and
arms. Women in the various serv
—are similiary moved from post to
post. So are many civilians in gov
ernment offices, for departments
formerly in London are now scat
tered far and wide in provincial
A large part of the population
movement is a result of the bomb
ing. The evacuation of highly dan
gerous areas has been as far as
possible kept on a voluntary basis,
but it has involved prodigious shifts.
The semi-desterted look of great
areas of western London—Mayfair,
Kensington, Bayswater. Chelsea—is
as depressing as the actual destruc
tion. Newspapermen told me that
at looct q million npnnlp. DOSSiblV
two millions, •had left the city.
London May Remain Smaller.
The result has been a huge ex
pansion of the population of safer
places like Winchester, Reading,
Salisbury, Bath, Exeter, Gloucester,
Oxford, York and Durham. Some
times the worried people of these
towns exaggerate it, but frequently
it causes painful congestion.
The social effects of this disper
sion and resettlement of the popu
lation will be enormous. Many
people never will go back to their
old homes. London may well be per
manently smaller. As Lord Horder
says, the scattering of slum chil
dren throughout the country has
raised the level of their health,
their manners and their ambitions.
Regional lines and class lines are
being broken down as never before:
the people are being better unified.
The government demands that
everybody give his efforts to the
utmost. Food rationing offers the
rich and poor much the same fare.
A millionaire can get no more red
meat, butter or jam than a work
ing man, and cannot get as much
cheese as the farmer or miner.
Clothes rationing gives every one
much the same wardrobe. A farm
cottage in Cumberland is better
than a mansion in Pane Lane; in
fact, the Park Lane houses are
mere shells through whose ruined
windows the passerby can see trees
waving in their gardens. Base
ments flats are at a premium while
penthouses go begging.
Nearly everybody except young
children and old people does some
socially valuable work. Many boys
of 15 and 16 pay income tax on
their munitions plant wages and I
have seen a grandmother bicycle
away to her daily job in a maternity
hospital. When people who have
lost nearly everything—kindred,
home, savings—can be encountered
on every side, few who have suffered
less care to complain.
All Expect to Be Poor.
Nearly every one in Britain ex
pects to be poor after the war.
“We shall all be poor together,”
they say. It is hard to see how
any rich can survive. Walter M.
Wills, the Bristol tobacco manu
facturer, died January 26, leaving
an estate of £4.317,360; of this the
death duties took £2,815.284, and
taxation will consume most of the
remaining income. It is practically
impossible for even the richest
Briton nowadays to have an in
come of more than £5,000 ($20,0001
a year.
Great Britain, in brief, is in a
state of profound and far-reaching
upheaval. Carrying the heaviest
war burden of her history, she has
had to reorganize her national life j
in the most dramatic fashion. From
top to bottom society is being trans- \
formed. The best evidence of the I
fine quality of British civilization I
is the fact that this social and
economic reorganization is being
carried through with more than
Spartan fortitude—with self-sacri- j
ficing cheerfulness. We may well
use the term magnificent for the
courage of the British cities in
withstanding the bombers; for the
valor of the R A. F. in turning the '
battle of Britain into the battle !
of Germany; for the heroic con- :
stancy of the seamen who go out
jnonxh after month to face the
submarines. But there is some
thing finer in the patient endurance
of the plain people of the islands,
laboring fiercely and suffering ter
rible losses, as they see their old
ways of life, their familiar society
and well-tested economy, completely
altered. The old Britain is dying,
and a new Britain is being bom.
They know that it is inescapable—
and they hope that it will be a better
(Released by the North American
Newspaper Alliance. Inc.)
i Continued From First Page.)
public feeling regarding songs which
should be sung. Miss Monroe will
arrive from New York late this
afternoon and will interview pedes
trians along the streets of Wash
ington at an hour yet to be ar
ranged. Her interviews, based mainly
on her knowledge of the national
anthem, will be broadcast over Sta
tion WMAL.
As the vocal outbursts swell up
from the banks of the Potomac
next Monday evening, time in Wash
ington will roll back to recapture
some of the spirit of 23 years ago
when people of this city, the Capital
of a nation then at war, turned to
community sings to keep up morale.
Memories of many who will be
singing the old camp ground fa
vorites and patriotic songs will race
back to that, summer of the first
World War—to the crowded Central
High School Auditorium, to sol
diers in uniform striving with citi
zens to reach high G. to faces
strained to a goal and dripping with
patriotic perspiration.
In some respects, Washington will j
recopy the plan and program of
those Capitalites of 1918 Many of
the songs will be the same and the
method of singing them will be un
changed, but, on the whole, there
will be essential differences.
To begin with, the sings of the
last World War were sponsored by
the District of Columbia War 1
Camp Community Service Bureau
to increase the public feeling of
patriotism. That on August 4 will
have a similar purpose, but it also
is designed to aid a war chest still
more than *13,000 short of its local j
At the bygone sings, music was
furnished by a community orches
tra. Songs on Monday evening of
next week will be preceded by a
regular concert of the National
Symphony Orchestra and will be j
accompanied by its music, the first [
time that a full symphony orches- |
tra has played in conjunction with j
a community sing.
Two thousand persons crowded ’
into the auditorium of Central High
School at 3 oclock Sunday after-!
noons of 1918 to participate in the
sings. It is estimated 10.000 w'ill as
semble at the Water Gate at 8:30
pm. next Monday.
Ac- tho nsallnn- tanAf tVl*
favorites swells up—"Long. Long
Trail," “Just a Song at Twilight,”
“Over There.” "The Great Red
Dawn” and others—there will be
mental pictures of Dr. Hamlin
Cogswell, music director of the Dis
trict public schools, as he directed
the singing nearly a quarter cen
tury ago. In the memories of those
who can recall. Kenneth Clark, song
leader of the 79th Division at Camp
Meade, Md., will vie with Gilbert
Wilson, song leader at Quantico, Va.
The Y. M. C. A. Glee Club and
the 75-member glee club from Camp
Meade will be there in these recol
lections. A pipe organ recital by
William Stansfield. accompanied
by the Washington College of Music
Orchestra, may take place again in
reflection. The "Marseillaise" may be
sung in French.
The clearest memories will go
still further. They will relive the
discomfort of the hot. crowded
school auditorium. They will see
men. women, children and soldiers
jammed together as they sang.
None of this discomfort will mark
next week's event. The cool breezes
which follow’ the Potomac will fan
the brows of the singers. They will
be seated under the stars, in a
natural auditorium facing the river,
where they can sing and watch
! canoes drift up in the moonlight
I to anchor beside the barge of the
London Rounds Up Cats
More than 1,500 stray cats were
rounded up in a single drive in
London. In mo6t cases their own
ers had been bombed from their
; Weather Report
(Furnished by the United Btete* Weather Bureau >
District of Columbia—Generally fair, with continued high temper
i ature this afternoon, tonight and tomorrow morning: followed by local
) thundershowers and not so warm tomorrow afternoon; gentle southwest
> or west winds, becoming variable tomorrow.
Maryland and Virginia—Generally fair and continued warm tonight
and tomorrow morning, followed by thundershowers and not so warm
tomorrow afternoon.
f' West Virginia—Generally fair and continued warm tonight and to
a \ morrow except for local thundershowers and not quite so warm tomorrow
Weather Condition* Last 24 Hour*.
Warm, moist air of tropical origin stil
covers most sections east of tne Rock?
Mountains while relatively cool air iron
the Pacific Ocean overlies the States wes
of the Rockies. Numerous showers anc
local thunderstorms have occurred in trn
last 24 hours in both air maeses anc
especially in the lower Mississippi Valley
the East Gulf States. New England. Nev
York the northern Plateau region Ne
braska and portions of the adjacen
States. Abnormally high maximum tem
peratures were registered Sunday after
noon from the Plains States eastward U
New York and the Middle Atlantic Coast
The highest reported was 104 degrees a
Cincinnati. Ohio. Pressure is high iron
the Gulf of Mexico and the lower Mis
aissippi Valley eastward to Florida. an<
from there eastward over the ocean. Day
tona Beach. Fla . 1021.3 millibars <30.1'
Inches' Low pressure prevails from tn
northern Rocky Mountain region eastwar
to New England and thence eastward ove
the ocean, Pierre. S, Dak 1006.1 milli
bars (20.71 inches). Nantucket. Mass
1011 2 millibars (29.SB inches), and Can
ton. N Y . 1011.5 millibars <29.87 inches)
The lowest pressure over the ocean l
about 999 millibars <29.50 Inches), abou
600 miles east of Eastport. Me.
Renort for I.ast 24 Hoars.
Temperature. Barometei
Yesterday. • Degrees. Inches.
4 p m - 97 29.87
5 pm so 29.92
Midnight - <9 29.98
SuJd,£- 73 2996
8 a m' 79 30.04
Noon' _ 90 3003
'i n m ——_ 93 30,01
4 pm - 95 29.99
8 p m I":_ 87 29.98
12 midnight —- 32 29.97
T°4 Vm — 79 2994
8 a m -1_ 34 29.93
n£o?' " 95 29.89
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoih Rivers elei
at Harpers Ferry: Potomac clear at Orel
Falls today.
Record for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today )
Highest, OR. at 4:30 pm. yesterday.
Year ago. 07.
Lowest, 76. at 6:15 am. today. Year
ago. 7R
Record Tempera turet Thle Year.
Highest. SR, on July 2.
Lowest. 15. on March 18.
Humidity foe Last 24 Hours.
' (From noon yesterday to noon today)
Highest, 03 Der cent, at 5:30 a m. today
Lowest, 34 per cent, at 12:15 p.m. yes
Tide Tablet.
> (Furnished by United State* Coast and
t Geodetic Survey.)
! Today. Tomorrow.
High _10:41p.m. 11:33 a.m.
Low _ 5:11a.m. 6:00 a.m.
• High _31:17 p.m.
Low _X_ 5:30P.m. 6:16 pm.
; The Sun and Moon.
1 Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _ 5:05 7:24
Sun tomorrow_ 5:06 7:23
Moon, today _ __ 0:38 a.m. 10:00 p.m.
Automobile lights must bt turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation in inches In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month 1941 Average Record
January __ 3.04 3.65 7.83 '37
February_ 0.92 3.27 6.84 '84
March _ 2.56 3.75 8.84 '91
april _2.73 3.27 9.13 '89
ay_ 1.58 3.70 10.69 '89
June _ 4.38 4.13 10.94 '00
July . _ _ 6 43 4.71 10.63 '86
August . - 4.01 14.41 '28
September-- - 3.24 17.45 34
r October--- *84 8.81 57
t November ......— —- 2 37 8.69 89
December ........ 3.32 7.56 01
Miss June Allen, 122 Thirteenth street N.E., was one of the
first to buy tickets for next Monday night’s community sing
when they were placed on sale this morning at the Symphony
Box Office, Kitt’s Music Store, 1330 G street N.W.
—Star Staff Photo.
16 Army Officers
Ordered to Duty
In Philippines
MacArthur Nomination
As Lieutenant General
Is Sent to Senate
The War Department, in an ap
parent move to strengthen Amer
ica's easternmost Army outpost, to
day ordered 16 officers to duty in the
Philippine Islands as President
Roosevelt sent to the Senate the
formal nomination of Douglas Mac
Arthur to be a lieutenant general in
command of the United States and
Commonwealth forces in the is
The officers assigned to the Philip
pines, ranging in rank from second
lieutenant to captain, will leave San
Francisco on or about August 7.
They will travel either by Army
transport or commercial airliner.
Nine officers of the Coast Artillery
Corps will go from Fort Sheridan,
111.; five of the infantry will go
from Fort Leonard Wood. Mo.; an
other infantry officer will go from
Camp Joseph T. Robinson. Ark., and
a field artillery officer will go from
Fort Riley, Kans.
The War Department refused to
comment on the orders, citing a
general policy against discussion of
movements of troops to overseas
posts. There was no indication
whether the officers would be ac
companied by contingents of troops
Halifax and Wells Confer.
Meanwhile, Viscount Halifax, Brit
tish Ambassador, called at the State
Department to discuss American and
British economic measures against
The Ambassador, who has just re
turned from a West Coast tour, con
ferred with Sumner Welles, Actinj
Secretary of State
T U.Hf... J a. 1 #
me i.uuiriciiL(
was intended to review the Far East
ern situation in the light of th<
Japanese move Into French Indo
China and the sw'ift retaliator:
measures taken by the United State
and British Empire countries.
During his tour. Lord Halifax in
spected airplane factories and othe
defense plants and said he foum
workers generally to be keen at thei
The nomination of Gen. Mac
Arthur, former chief of staff, wen
to the Senate as Senator Peppei
Democrat of Florida, told reporter
Mr. Roosevelt could have made “n
better selection” of a commandin
general of forces in the troubled Fa
Eastern area
Prepare for Any Emergency.
“If the Japanese think they ca
move into the Philippines as the:
did into Indo-China they have i
surprise awaiting them.” said th
Florida Senator, a staunch supporte
of the President's foreign policies.
“Gen. MacArthur and the force
under him, plus the United State
Navy, are ready to meet any emer
gencv that may arise.”
The new’ly consolidated Philippin
military' organization intrinsically i
a defense force, not viewed by of
ficials here as even a potential ex
| peditionary corps Gen. MaeArthui
who for five years supervised th
training of the Philippine Army
has contended repeatedly that th
archipelago could be defended sue
cessfully from a sea attack.
When notified in Manila of hi
appointment, Gen MacArthur sai
it meant that the American Govern
ment “intends to maintain at an
cost and effort its full rights in th
Far East "
Fleet Operates from Two Bases.
From a well-defended land bast
formidable units of the Navy an
Mt. Rainier Civilians
Begin Registering
For Defense Work
Town Superintendent
Is First Volunteer
Placed on Rolls
Registration of civilian volunteer
defense workers in Mount Rainier,
i Md.. began today at the town Fire
! House.
First registrant this morning was
j Bernard G. Myles, 41, of 4105
Twenty-ninth street, the town
superintendent, who chose fire fight
ing and map reading as his pref
j erence of the 25 services listed on the
cards which registrants filled out
The first woman registrant was
I Mrs. Mary L. Ryan of 3855 Twenty
I ninth street, who said she would be
| available for any type of clerical
work and home nursing. Mrs. Ryan,
after registering, sat down and aided
in registration of other residents.
One of the chief objects of the
Mount Rainier drive is to obtain a
large auxiliary fire-fighting force.
Hope was expressed that for every
active member of the town Volun
teer Fire Company, five registrants
j would be enrolled for the auxiliary
force, which is to be trained by the -
! local force.
Registrars who enrolled Mount
Rainier residents are David Laing,
financial secretary of the fire com
i pan.v; W. W. James, town council
man: Harvey Wilson, member of tha
fire company, and Herbert Megus.
Chief Karl A. Young is chairman of
the town Defense Council.
Registration at the Fire House will
be carried on from 9 a m. to 9 p m.
today, tomorrow and Wednesday.
Doughton Warns Nation
Taxes Will Be Heavy
The new tax bill recently re
■ j ported to the House is "without
■ : parallel in the amount of revenue
it will produce.'' Chairman Dough
5 ton of the House Ways and Means
Committee, said in a broadcast last
' night.
r Representative Doughton spoke on
* the "American Forum of the Air’’
r conducted by Theodore Gramk.
Others on the program included
‘ Representatives Treadway, Republi
c can, of Massachusetts; Cooper,
’ Democrat, of Tennessee; Crowther,
5 Republican, of New York; Drnsey,
5 Democrat, of Oklahoma, and Jen
5 kins. Republican, of Ohio
r Representative Doughton warned
the Nation the new bill will have to
be augmented by other revenue
1 measures" before we have attained
successes in our defense undertak
‘ ing.” He said he believed the Ameri
' can people do not place the dol
r lar sign on their liberty and free
dom. and will pay the new taxes
51 without complaint.
5; Mr. Treadway, defending the bill,
’ ! said total cost of the operation of
the Government this year, includ
- ing defense, will exceed $22,000,000 -
5 000, and that without the new bill
the Treasury would be faced with .
a deficit of nearly $
- Air Corps might range over a wide
. area of the Western Pacific. The
s Asiatic Fleet, of more than 40 ves
- j sels, now operates from two Island
! bases—Cavite in Manila Bay, and
s Olongapo, to the north.
1 The exact number of men to be
- I under Gen. MacArthur s direction
f I was not disclosed, but was believed
5 to include at least 20 000 professional
soldiers, wdth reserves of 75 000 or
more Filipinos who have received
. I military instruction under the island
i government.
Going west or northwest from Chirago, ride the trains
that made rail history. The Milwaukee Road’s
HlAWATHAS combine flying speed with delightful
smoothness and silence. They’re beautiful inside and
out., .perfectly appointed. ..and t/iere’s no extra fare.
Morning and afternoon, serving A foal, daytime schedule serving
Luxury coaches with reclining chairs, drawing room and
Beaver Tail parlor car* with observation-lounge,TipTopTap
cars. Diners feature appetizing luncheons 50^, dinners for 651.
Wathington Office: Room 229 Shoreham BM*., 18th and H §!»., N.W,
Phone Republic 1038, C. C. Buena, Dlatrlct Pataenffcr Afcnt m^
in tne lace oi increasing manuiacuiring costs,
the scarcity of imported shirtings and the
certainty of higher prices in the Very near
future, this Sale of Fine Shirts is particularly
timely. These are all shirts from our regular
stocks—not shirts especially produced for sale
purposes. Each shirt is brand new this season
. . . fully cut. expertly tailored by the famous
“McMullen” of English and Scotch fabrics.
$2.50 & $3 SHIRTS_$2.15
$3.50 & $4 SHIRTS_$2.85
$5 to $7.50 SHIRTS_$3.95
$2.50 OXFORD SHIRTS_$1.95
$6 & $10 BATHING TRUNKS_$3.95
$17.75 PALM BEACH SUITS_$13.95
1409 G STREET N. W.C

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