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|„ TL!e £sJitinn A More than twice as many people read In I his edition T I The star in the afternoon and evening I.ate news and sports are joveretl on ■ I ■ I In Washington thai\ any other news pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of ■ ■ ■ j paper. The Star, supplementing the news of ■. -■ i. ! Telephone National 5000 and delivery the regular home ciehvereo eaition. at your home will start Immediately. Closing N Y. Markets—Sales, Page 24. _(4>l M*>n* A«.oci»t«d Prt>«.__ Frith YEA It. N->. THREE CENTS. Climactic Battle for Moscow Chest Reports Taking Shape as Germans and $135,633 Total Reds Pour Reserves Into Line As Drive Opens Defenses of Kerch Being Stormed, Nazis Declare F A MiiH’prl Prp'^ Masses of German and Russian reserves were reported moving up to the central front today for a possible climactic battle for Mos cow. while m the south Adolf Hitler's Crimean armies were de clared to be storming the forti fications of Kerch at the gate way to the Caucasus oil fields. A Nazi spokesman s.ud the Ger man air force already was roaring over the narrow Kerch strait to car’T the war into the gteat fields which produce much ot Russia's oil. German milttan disjatches said NP-7.1 assault troops had captured several ol Kerch's ke\ fortifications and that the port w.i- open to dii'pct attack from the west and south. Nazis Testing Soviet l ines. On the Moscow front. Soviet re ports said tlie Germans were in tensifying their scouting operations, testing Red Army lines along the entire HOO-mile defense arc appar ently as the prelude to ?. new grand offensive. Fresh Soviet troops were streaming up to the front to meet the expected assault. On the north (lank, m the Kalinin Hector, the Russians said they had driven the German invaders back toward the Volga River despite a hurricane of Nazi mortar, machine gun and rifle fire. Southwest of Kalinin, e Red Army group was said to have crossed the Volga m a successful raid on the German rear. Gravest Threat at Kerch. The gravest three.t on the long battlelront centered at Kerch, with t Iip Germans apparently making final preparations to cross the Kerch strait and drive into the Caucasus. Reuters, the British news agency, quoted the Rome radio as announc ing that German and Rumanian forces had occupied the port, which lies on a (narrow strait separating thp Crimea from the Caucasus mainland. Dispatches to the Soviet news paper Pravda however, asserted that Fed Army troops had beaten off a German attempt to turn the Russian lines in the Kerch area. "The German attacks were re pulsed by the joint efforts of land troops aircraft and naval forces." Pravda said. Nazi Planes Blast Ships. Russian front-line reports said the Germans were "equally unsuccess ful" in fighting near Sevastopol, key Black Sea naval base at the south west ip of the Crimea, and that repeated Nazi tank assaults "failed to break through our defenses.” German bombers were pictured hv toe Nazi high command as biasting furiously at Soviet ships which might be used to evacuate Fed Army troops from the penin sula. A Nazi communique reported that three cruisers, a destroyer and five large merchant ships were badly damaged in nearby waters. On the central front, Soviet dis patrhes declared that fierce battles were raging on both flanks of Mos cow's defense line—at Kalinin, 95 miles northwest of the capital, and at Tula, 100 miles south. Battle at Tula. At Tula, where the Germans were reported driven back 5 miles yester riav, a Soviet correspondent gave this account of the battle: •Our artillery fire destroyed the enemy fortifications at the ap proaches to the city. Retreating from the line, the enemy left hun dreds of dead and wounded and anti-aircraft guns, tractors and au tomatic rifles. Fighting is now going on outside the city." The Moscow radio said Field Marshal Gen. Fedor von Bock, com manding the Nazi central front armies, had moved up a division of Hitler's elite guards in tire Voloko lamsk sector, 65 miles northwest of the capital, in preparation for a new assault there. The Finnish air command said it had cut the Murmansk-Leningrad railway anew in many places by continued attacks despite unfavor able weather. A train and a sta tion building also were reported hit. Reuters said a Rome radio broad cast reported that Helsinki had been raided by air three times within 24 hours. A large Russian transport was sunk yesterday when it struck a minefield in the central part of the Gulf of Finland, a Finnish com munique announced. Nazis Gird for New Drive. London military quarters report ed that the Nazis were apparently girding for a new offensive against Moscow at several points despite enormous losses already suffered in the 42-day-old drive on the Soviet capital. Authoritative London quarters •aid 16 German armored divisions and 70 infantry divisions—perhaps 1.290 000 troops—had suffered "ap preciable casualties” and that in 'ome instances Nazi lasses ran as high as 50 per cent. Eight Nazi armored divisions were withdrawn from the front early in September after two phases of "furious and exceptionally heavy fighting.” these quarters said, and have only reappeared in action in the last, few days. "Bitter fighting is continuing in renditions in which frost, snow and mud are additional causes for casualties,” the source said. London military observers said Hitler's high command was still naffleri in attempts to find a "soft spot” in Moscow's defense ring. "Thp Germans have hit the de fenders at so many spots and found them capable of either warding off blow* or t a kins punishment that (Sec AVAR., Page A-4j Showdown Parley Tomorrow On Coal; Phone Strike Nears Long-Distance Workers on Verge of Walkout In 42 States; Aircraft Stoppage Threatened i Pictures on Parte .4-2.1 As principals in the threatened strike of captive coal mines marked time awaiting an "all out" con ference at the White House tomor row peaceful settlement of a rail road workers’ dispute appeared more remote today and an independent union of lone-distance telephone workers was on the verge of a walkout. Telephone union leaders asked that the controversy be certified to the Defense Mediation Board, and said they would accept, in advance any decision made bv it. In Buffalo more trouble threat ened when a C I. O. official pie dated a strike would be called at Bell Aircraft's two large warplrne plants unless the company "begins to bargain." He said the workers are •getting hot." The White House remained con cerned principally with the coal mine trouble. President Roosevelt uniting John L Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers: Philip Murray, head of the Congress of i Industrial Organizations: Thomas Kennedy. U. M. W. secretary-treas urer. and heads of three large steel companies operating tiie captive mines, to meet with him tomorrow morning. The steel men invited were Ben iamin F Fairless of United States Steel Corp : Eugene G. Grace of Bethlehem Steel, and Frank Purnell of Youngstown Sheet <Y Tube Co. The National Polic\ Committee of the U M W has been summoned here for a meeting tomorrow also to determine its action in the face of disapproval b' the !>< fense Media tion Board of ihr U M W demands for a union shop in the captive coal mines. The U M \Y already has a union shop m the non-captive mines, and has sought to extend it to tlie others. Under it. all miners must become union members within a stated pe riod after they ge' their job' The failure of the Mediation Board to recommend such a system led yesterday to the resignation from the board of Mi Murray. Mr. , See STRIKES, Page A-6.• Demand for New Front To Relieve Russians Flares in Commons Shinwell Asks Explanation Of Why Offensive in Libya Is Held Up By thp A >or:. ted Press. LONDON. Nov 13—A renewed demand that Britain form a second fighting front to aid Russia, with emphasis on the possibilities of Libya, was sounded in parliamentary debate today by Laborite Emanuel Shinwell. who has been among the critics mentioned as a possible re cruit for the British cabinet. 'Why has the offensive in Libya been delayed?" Mr. Shinwell de manded. "It has been expected many months. "It would in effect have created a second front. It would certainly hate distracted the Nazis and cre ated difficulties for them. Let the government answer that question. "Next week or next month an of fensive in Libya may not be as effective." High Spot of Dehate. If the failure to move again into Libya was due to a lack of equip ment. Mr. Shinwell added, then ob viously it is idle to speak of invas ion elsewhere. The Shinwell criticism was the high spot of a wide-ranging debate in the House of Commons on the House's reply to King George Vi s message opening a new session of Parliament yesterday. Mr. Shinwell asked whether de fense of Britain's Oriental empire represented the government's idea of a second front and. if so. whether it bore Russian approval. He asserted that if Britain actually had what seemed to be air superi ority over Germany, then the R. A. p.'s "failure" to take the initiative was "inexcusable." He recalled that Prime Minister Churchill made the parity claim for the R A. F. on Monday when he also declared that Britain would join the United States immediately in any war with Japan. Croft Statement Hit. Socialist Dennis N. Pritt called for the removal from the government of elements "lukewarm” to the British-Russian alliance. Referring to a recent statement by Lord Croft. Undersecretary of War. that the British should concentrate their energies on defense of the Eastern empire. Mr. Shinwell added: "For a representative of the War Office this declaration was inex cusable. * * * This would be fatal to victory. "While large forces were im mobilized Hitler would be free to reorganize his resources and squeeze the last ounce of production out of the occupied territories.” Charging that Lord Moyne had “abused” government critics and re ferring to his parliamentary asser tion that an invasion of Western Europe would be "suicide," Mr. Shin well declared: Mr. Shinwell made it clear he was not accusing Prime Minister Churchill and several others in the government of "harboring subversive thoughts.” but added “we are not so sure of all the others.” Refusal of Office Disclosed. Replying for the government. First Lord of the Admiralty A. V. Alex ander disclosed that Mr. Shinwell had refused to accept office when Mr. Churchill first formed his gov ernment in May of 1940. Mr. Alexander said Mr. Shinwell apparently had decided "that in this war his role should be that * * • of a self-appointed critic who re ceives the applause of the less in formed among the multitude rather than to work in self-imposed dis cipline and silence.” Seattle Reserve Flyer Killed in Norfolk Crash By the Associated Press. NORFOLK. Va.. Nov. 13—Ensign John H. Langdon. U. S. N. R., of Se attle. Wash., crashed to his death in a Navy plane yesterday off Cape Henry. % New Peace Efforts Hinted as Procope Talks Wilh Welles Finnish Minister Silent on Reports Of Truce Moves Bv the Associated Press. The Finnish Minister railed at the State Department todat. while word spread in diplomatic circles that the United States and Great Britain might renew thPir efforts to end Finnish Russian hostilities. The visit of the Minister. Hjalmar J. Ptocope. to Undersecretary of State Wells followed closely on the delivers- of the Finnish govern ment’s note rejecting a Soviet offer to negotiate peace with Finland, which was transmitted to the Finns by the United States. Mr. Procope refused to make any comment except to say he expected to “talk" about the situation with Mr. Welles. The informed belief here was that the Helsinki government had left the diplomatic door open for further discussions along such lines. American officials were non-com mittal on the subject pending a thorough study of the note, which set forth the Finns' position and their insistence upon guaranteed security for their little republic. Secretary Hull gave the only hint of possible future action when he voiced the hope yesterday that an analysis would disclose that Fin land was not irrevocably committed to collaboration with Nazi Germany. In diplomatic quarters much sig nificance was attached to the con cluding portion of the Finnish note, which stated: “The supreme task which provi dence at the present juncture has assigned the United States for the remedying of prevailing conditions and insuring the existence of mil lions of human beings, would be achievement of a permanent state of law between nations that would en able also a small nation to feel its existence secure.” Again and again the necessity of a guaranteed future security for Finland was emphasized in the note, made public late yesterday by Mr. Procope. “Finland." the note said, “is de sirous of terminating the struggle as soon as the danger threatening her existence has been averted and guarantees created for continuous security." However, any cessation in the fighting was unacceptable if it was to be merely an interlude in Finland's “incessant self-defense against (Russia's! imperialistic strivings.” The note reminded Americans that Finland had been "subjected on two separate occasions, within the ’ space of less than two years, to un- ; justified armed attacks on the part of the mighty Bolshevist terrorist state.” During the course of earlier con versations between Undersecretary Welles and Mr. Procope, another sec tion of the note asserted, the “grave doubts of Finland, based on many j bitter experiences regarding the trust that can be reposed in promises given by the Soviet Union, were explained to the Government of the United States.” (The Russians had indi cated readiness to make territorial concessions.) The United States, the note added, had not offered any guarantees of security “as a pledge of a new peace between Finland and the Soviet Un ion.” Reply to U. S. Overtures. A State Department memoran dum on the Welles-Procope talks, made public last Friday, disclosed that the United States held that the question of guarantees would arise only “in the event that the govern ment of Finland desired to explore” peace possibilities. The Finnish note was in answer to diplomatic overtures by the United States during the last three months ! to end the Finnish-Russian war. The United States took the posi tion that, now that Finland has re i gained territory previously lost to Russia, continued fighting can only i (See FINNS. Page A-4.i ■ 5,631 Pledges Are Turned In at First Of Luncheons Volunteer workers who opened the annual drive of the Community Chest today repotted at a luncheon inerting at the Willard Hotel shortly after noon that $135,633.35 of the S2.000 000 goal already had been ob tained. Tire total was made np of 5.631 pledges and represented 6'6 per cent of the sum the workers hope to solicit during lhr nr\t two weeks. The breakdown by groups included: From the Government unit. 4.410 pledge totaling $34,485 fo. 4 1! per rent of its quota: group solicitation unit. 963 pledges totaling S72.093.35, for 10 64 per cent of its quota: me tropolitan unit. $27,410: District unit. 258 pledges. $1,645 for 2.22 per cent of its quota. Ten thousand volunteer workers tock the field, meanwhile, to spread ovt r Washington the slogan. "For Their Tomorrow—Give Today." They began their canvassing with the reminder that improved business conditions in the District aiP more than offset, from a wel fare standpoint, bv the immense in crease in population and the conse quent growth in the number of needy. On tlip eve of the campaign yesterday the District Commis sioners issued a proclamation char acterising the Chest drive as "an opportunity to reaffirm our belief in the American wav of life." and calling upon Washingtonians to lend their support. 49 Agency Members. Into even home and office the canvassers will carry their plea during the next two weeks m ail effort to reach their goal during the campaign pei lod allotted They will ask for contributions for the continued operation of 49 Chest member agencies each of which is dedicated to the human welfare of the young, the helpless, the sick and the distressed. Starting them out in their drive John Clifford Folger. general cam paign chairman, cheered them with the thought resulting from the solic itation efforts of the Adtanee Gilts Unit, that the public does not intend to give higher taxes as#a reason for not contributing. "Contrary to our fear.-.’’ he said, "there has bpen no disposition on the part of contributors to reduce their gifts as a result of increased taxes In other words, there has been no tendency to pass on taxes to the sick and the poor and the needy." Speaking to the public, Mr. Folger said there is a ready answer to the question. "Why is there need for Chest support when business is good?" "Our population has increased from 30 to 40 per cent in the last 10 years.' he explained in replying to the question, "and when our population goes up. the number of dependable and sick people in creases. People must realize that a sick person or a' sick child or a fellow out of luck is just as bad off and needs help just as much in good times as in bad." Reminding that local hospital needs have reached emergency pro portions. the chairman recalled that "informed people are concerned over the crowded living conditions in Washington and are fearful that these may make thp danger of an epidemic this winter a real possi bility.” Eight report meetings, including the one today, are scheduled to be held between now and the end of the drive. November 27. The others have been set for tomorrow. Mon day, Tuesday and Friday next week. November 21. November 24, Novem ber 25 and November 27. Preparing for the drive, thou sands of posters bearing the cam paign slogan have been distributed over the city, in windows, stores, offices, corridors and on lamp posts. Today more than 3.000 streetcars and buses appeared with Com munity Chest flags and posters, and commercial and special advertise ments have appeared with remind ers of this annual effort to help those who cannot help themselves. Blue Tags for Givers. Beginning today, a small blue "giver tag" on a red string became the distinguishing badge of those who have contributed to the Chest. The marker bears a design adopted as the permanent Chest sea!, an incorporation of a drawing of the Lincoln Memorial with the words "For Humanity.” More than 200.000 of these are expected to be given out before the drive ends. The volunteer workers carrying on the campaign will give hours of their time and effort without pay. Community Chest officials explained, and urged that the public be as considerate as possible. Meanwhile, General Chairman Folger expressed sympathy with local business firms, int hat the campaign comes at a time when the pressure of increased business activity has placed volunteer time tSee CHEST, Page-]A-4t Litvinoff, Steinhardt Missing Two Days; London Anxious By the Associated Press. LONDON. Nov. 13. — Increasing anxiety was expressed in London to night over the safety of a plane carrying Laurence A. Steinhardt, United States Ambassador to Mos cow, and Maxim Litvinoff, new Soviet Ambassador to Washington, which was understood to have left Kuibyshev, Russia, two days ago for Teheran, Iran. Usually informed persons said they had no word as to whehter a search hart been instituted along the route, adding that the only definite newg that the plane was overdue came in press dispatches from Teheran. , Officials said, however, there was a good chance that the plane had been forced down by weather at some point out of communication with Teheran or Kuibyshev. The direct air line from Kuiby shev to Teheran is about 1,300 miles, part of it over the Caspian Sea. Also reported aboard the plane were Sir Walter Monckton. chief of British Information Services at Cairo, and one or two other Brit ish officials. They were due at Teheran Tuesday and it. had been i arranged for them to continue im m*diet»ly to Cairo. Tf you boys keep THAT up^\ I'M not going to be responsible FOR FERDINAND ANY LONGER^ Cab Men Shout Down Hankin's Proposal for 2 5-Cent Fare Commission Chairman Offers Temporary Increase Pending Collection of Data A Public Utilities Commission hearing on a proposed increase in taxicab rates was recessed in an uproar shortly after noon todav when assembled cab drivers shout ed rejection of an offer by Chair man Gregory Hankin for a tem porary one-zone 25-rent rate pend ing collection of evidence" to sup port a final order. The cab drivers are seeking a boost from the existing 20-cent r^tte to one of 30 cents. Warned that cab drivers had been exceedingly re-tless in recent months and that the cabs "would be pullpd off thp street" if the com mission insisted on its temporary boast, of but 5 cents for a trip con fined to one zone Mr. Hankin re plied that the Public Utilities Com mission would not be influenced by any strike threat. Testimony previously taken had indicated Washington's cab drivers and operators were substantially in agreement for an increase from 20 ( to 30 cpnts for a trip confined to one zone, without anv change in other rates except elimination of the "free" zone, under which no charge now is made when a zone boundary is crossed for a trip between points within one zone. While he previously had assured the drivers the commission was en tirely sympathetic to giving the drivers rates sufficient to afford "an American standard of living." he 'Cooling-Off' Law Being Considered By Administration i Officials Also Reported Studying Plan for Living Cost Bonuses dj i nr nswun ru rt r." High administration officials were reported authoritatively today to be considering legislation requiring a "cooling off’’ period before workers could strike in defense industries. ! but providing for bonuses to em ployes based on the cost of living. President Roosevelt, a congres 1 sional informant said, has been | studying the Canadian regulations governing labor relations and pro- j j viding for wage adjustments on the basis of living costs. In the Senate, meanwhile. Senator Herring. Democrat, of Iowa pro I posed sweeping legislation which ' would outlaw defense industry 1 ! strikes which had not been previ ously approved by a majority of the affected workers in a secret vote conducted by the Labor Relations Board. Senator Herring's measure would ••freeze’’ the present open and closed shop status for the duration of the emergency. It also would provide for voluntary arbitration and would suspend for a year the bargaining rights of unions which caused work stoppages when strikes had not been 1 voted by secret ballot. Whether Mr. Roosevelt would ask Congress to curb defense strikes was said at the White House, mean while. to be a matter which w'ould have to be held in abeyance pending tomorrows conference between the Chief Executive. C. I. O. officials and steel company officers regarding the possible strike in the steel com panies’ captive coal mines. insisted tnc commission wouin ne^n evidence as to revenues now re ceived bv drivers under present rates. Industry spokesmen said they could not supply the information, that cab drivers do not keep mani fests. At this juncture. Mr. Hankin said the commission was proposing for a temporary period an increase of . from 20 to 25 cents for a one-zone trip, and before he could finish whatever else he was proposing for the time being, a chorus of objec tions came from the half hundred drivers in attendance. When the crowd quieted Chair man Hankin announced the heating was adjourned until 2 pm Mean while. the commission would "con sult" and resume the hearing after the recess William E Andrus.-, vice president of the cab drivers' union, w arned the commission that industry leaders had been fighting to prevent a taxi strike in recent months. Others declared cabs would be "pulled off the street" if the temporary rate plan were ordered. Jerry Faust, editor of the Taxi Go-Round, taxicab trade paper, as serted the publication had been in fluential in holding the drivers in line to await a time when the Utilities Commission could act on their rate increase plea, but that the publication "could not be an apolo gist for the commission after today." Krjeots Hankin Plan. F E Dollar protested that cab drivers already get 25 cents for a one-zone trip, including a nickel tip. and referred to the Hankin tempo rary plan as providing only an ad ditional "measly" nickel Before the adjournment was or dered Mr. Andruss said that since the temporary rate plan was ‘ arbi trary and not based on evidence in the record" that the commission should go all the way to ordering a temporary 10-cent boast jn the fare for one zone. He reminded the commission of the belief of many dri vers that no zone fare system was fair, that he didn't think the courts believed some zone rates were fair and argued that meters would give the only fair system of taxi charges. Harry Davis, representing Dia mond cabs, told the commission there had been more unrest among drivers in the past two months than he had ever known over a period of years and he pleaded for a tem porary 30-cent charge for a one zone trip. Chairman Hankin replied That he “was entirely sympathic" to the case of the drivers, but that the author ity of the commission was limited. He referred to an understanding pre viously reached with the drivers that they did not have and could not sup ply eviednce as to what revenues the men were receiving. It was lor this reason he suggested a temporary rate plan to permit time for collec tion of data on what receipts the drivers now are getting. Chairman Hankin said the com mission had received petitions from some parties for a different schedule of rates and even from some who pleaded that there should be no change in rates. He added that if a new uniform rate were ordered, it would be forced upon those in disagreement with the majority pe titioners. He said the commission could not force these others to com ply with a rate schedule unless the commission had the facts to support its decision. The case was opened by Jack Royer, president of the Taxicab Owners’ Association, representing 10 taxi associations or companies seek ing the 20 to 30 cent increases. Shortly before noon a 10-minute recess was called by Chairman Hankin and thereafter Mr. Royer was permitted to continue reading a lengthy prepared statement show ing how the majority of the industry had agreed upon the new rate schedule and arguing it was justified by increased costs of operation and living. wiii|ii uiiiisr m|irrmrni. Mr. Royer explained there was a diversity of opinion among taxi owners and drivers as to what change should be made and that a compromise plan finally had been agreed upon, with the idea that the various elements in the industry would "give a little and take a lit tle for the good of all operators. ’ He argued that less than 28 per cent of the public would be affected by the change from 20 to 30 cents <Pee TAXI RATES. "•' _ A Move Grows at Capitol To Ask Centralization Of Priorities Control President May Be Told Many Small Businesses Face Extinction By ih<> A'-onan-d Pr*s*. A bipartisan appeal to President Roosevelt for centralization of con trol over priorities and defense con tracts in one agency was reported today to be under consideration in Congress. The move grew out of complaints that the defense program's drain on materials was forcing many small businesses to suspend operations. Administration lieutenant' were reported to have asked opposition leaders if thev were willing to join in a protest to the President that some small firms were being un necessarily denied the mateiials to produce non-defense products While there was no attempt to agree cm specific recommendation.-, most of those interested in the move appeared to fepl that the problem might be solved if the Supply Pri orities and Allocations Board were given broader powers over the dis tribution of materials and defense contracts. r. .1. d. \ aiiru inrim inr. S. P. A B . of which Donald Nel son is executive director, was set up by President Roosevelt as a general clearing house for the defense pro gram. with a division headed bv Floyd Odium directed to deal with the problems of “little business." However, one legislator, who asked to remain anonymous, said a per sonal investigation had convinced him that the board's effective au thority extended to not more than 30 per cent of the defense contracts that were let. This legislator said it was his un derstanding that S. P. A. B. efforts to channel contracts to smaller bus iness firms had been overridden many times bv Army and Navy offi cials who. clothed with legal au thority to let the contracts, had in sisted that the orders be given to larger (Wmipanies to avoid possible production delays. George Reports Complaints. Senator George. Democrat, of Georgia said he had received many complaints that small firms had been denied necessary basic mate rials. He said he believed that the only solution lay in centralizing authority over the entire defense program, a course that has been urged strongly by Senators Vanden berg. Republican, of Michigan and Taft, Republican, of Ohio. Senator Maloney Democrat, of Connecticut told the Senate recently that unless some action was taken swiftly thousands of little busi nesses were going to be forced to the wall. His colleague. Senator Danaher. Republican, of Connecti cut. joining in this plea, recalled that the Senate Finance Commit tee had received testimony that 160.000 firms employing up to 20 persons each were likely to be put out of business by denial of priori ties. 5 R. A. r. Myers Killed In Ontario Bomber Crash By the As^ociatPd Pres«. HAMILTON. Ontario, Nov. 13 — Three Royal Air Force flyers were killed and two seriously injured early today when their bomber crashed into the Caledon Mountain near here. The plane, a twin-engined Avro Anson, was from the R. A. F. naviga tion school at nearby Mount Hope one of 13 taking part in routine night exercises, an R. A. F. state ment said. President, Cold Better, Still Remains in Study President Roosevelt, the head cold that kept him away from his office yesterday improved, today was still having some difficulty with sinusitis and remained in his study. He scheduled only two appoint ments for the day. one with Senator Kilgore, Democrat, of West Vir ginia and the West Virginia con gressional delegation, and the other with Senator Murray, Democrat, of Montana. William D Hassett. White House secretary, said the President planned to work in his study the rest of the dav in the hope that the constant temperature there would clear up his sinus trouble. Senate Passes District Rent Control Bill Patman Amendment Out, Measure Goes Back to House The District rent control bill to freeze rentals at the Januan 1 level was passed quickly by the Senate today, It now will be returned to the House for concurrence in amend ments made by the Senate District Committee and subsequently ap proved by the Senate. The principal change removed the House amendment sponsored by Representative Patman. Democrat, of Texas which would have maelp the investment value of a prop erty a basis for fixing a fair ren'al. Senate approval of the bill ar.d the amendments came after a brief explanation of its features bv Chair man McCarran of the District Com mittee. Most of the questions mere a.skerl by Senator McNary of Oregon. Re publican leaner who declared n® had long recognized t he necessity of rent control in the District, and wanted any iegi-lation pul into effect to be "tight " "If it's a good bill, I'm for it,” he declared. New Powerful Bomber Being Used by British By thp Av-ocjated AN R. A F STATION SOME WHERE IN ENGLAND. Nov. 13 —A new type of British bomber powered bv only two motors but capable of carrying bombs deep into Germany has been in operation since August, the Air Ministry disclosed yesterday. The bomber, an Amo Manchester, has a bomb compartment about the size of a two-car garage, it was said Thr ministry did not give the load capacity of the ship, but it is known that these heavily armed planes have earned heavy loads of high explosive bombs as far as Stettin, Germany. 650 miles on a direct line from Britain. The plane is longer and taller than the Boeing flying fortress, hut its wingspread is about 14 feet less All-metal, it has a wing span of approximately pn feet, is 70 feet long, 19'., feet high and carries a erfw of six. As evidence of its maneuverability and firepower, the ministry said one had dropped down to 12.000 feet over a German target area when it was attacked by two Messer schmitt fighters. One of the fight ers was destroyed, the other listed as a probable loss." One pilot also was awarded the Distinguished Service Order fry bringing his Manchester home from Berlin on only one motor. Attorney General Blocks Illinois State Pay Roll Br th? A**cc:at?d Prf*i« SPRINGFIELD. III.. Not 13 — Payless pay days, by order of the at torney general wete a dismal pros pect today for 26.000 State employes Attorney General George F. Bar rett last night unexpectedly ordered State Treasurer Warren Wright and State Auditor Arthur C Lueder to hold up all State pay rolls ••until further notice Mr. Barrett said he had taken the action because an injunction issued by Circuit Judge Phillip J. Finnegan in Chicago Monday re straining six State officials 'from paying salaries of several hundred temporary employes was "so indefi nite it will result in utter confusion •• He said he was unable to "dis tinguish one group of employes from ihe other," and planned to ask the State Supreme Court to dissolve the injunction The order, as it now stands, would prevent Gov Dwight Green and all other State employes getting their salaries. Bad Weather Holds Up British Air Offensive By the Associated Press. LONDON. Nov. 13—Bad weather was said today to have kept the British air assault on Germany a' a standstill aga:n last night, the third in a row. One German raider bombed a Southwest England town last nieh’. the government said, but caused no casualties and only slight damage 15 Killed by Quake In Eastern Turkey B? the Associated Pres*. ISTANBUL, Nov. 13 — Fifteen per sons were killed, nearly 100 injured and heavy property damage done by an earthquake which shook the Erzincan district in Eastern Turkey yesterday, belated dispatches re ported today. A First-Hand Survey Of Vital Burma Road Leland Stowe, noted war correspondent, has made an inspection of the highway which now is the only means of carrying aid to China in her war with Japan. Much has been written about Burma Road, but Mr. Stowe, in his series of articles which start today on Page A-3 of The Evening Star, gives you a real close-up of the problems in moving vast quantities of supplies by truck to 1h* armies o' II..I- l.;Ii.