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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Poge 12. Readers Prefer The Star More than twice as many people read The Star in the afternoon and evening ia Washington thaA any other news* paper. Telephone National MOO and delivery at your home will start Immediately. t^> M«»n» A»»aci«t«d Pftn. 90th YEAR. Xo. 35,686. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1942 THREE CENTS. MacArthur Shatters Jap Attack, Dispersing Tanks and Silencing 11 Batteries in 24-Hour Battle -- A Nipponese Troops Are Forced To Withdraw; Tarakan Lost, Dutch Declare American and Philippine forces, led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. have inflicted a shattering defeat on Japanese tanks and other armored units in a 24-hour artillery battle, silencing 11 enemy batteries and forcing the attackers to withdraw with heavy casualties, the War Department announced today. Marking an important victory on the Philippine front, the communique summarizing the military situation up to 9.30 a.m. today declared that American losses were relatively slight. American and Filipino artillery batteries “proved definitely superior” to the Japanese, the War Department said, adding that columns of enemy tanks, other armored units and infantry were "shattered and dispersed.” The usual artillery battery in the world's armies consists of four guns. On this basis the report from the Philippines would credit the defenders with wiping out 44 field guns, a considerable measure of fire power in the comparatively small fighting area. Japanese dive bombers supported the enemy artillery fire, the communique said, but there were no enemy bombing attacks on the fortifications at the southern tip of Batan or Corregidor Is land, the guardian of Manila Bay. Dutch Bombers Slash at Armada. Meanwhile. Dutch bombers were reported slashing at a Japa nese invasion armada off the Japanese-conquered island of Tara kan, Dutch North Borneo, as cheering word spread that Anglo American reinforcements were en route to the new Far East battle zone. Simultaneously. British dispatches declared cryptically that an important announcement could be expected at any moment ‘which may change the Malayan situation considerably in Britain's favor.” Taken together, these seemed to indicate that powerful Allied counterblows may soon be struck. British troops seeking to check the 8-mile-a-day advance of Japanese invaders of Malaya dug in on a new defense line 150 miles north of Singapore under hammering by Rising Sun bombers. Singapore had another heavy raid by Japanese planes, and bombs literally shook the city. Little damage was revealed after ward. however. Washington military observers pointed out that the Mikado's invasion hordes, striking in Malaya, China, the Philippines and the Netherlands Indies, had now spread out dangerously thin and become vulnerable to a concerted Allied counterstroke. Netherlands Indies headquarters at Batavia acknowledged that its garrison at Tarakan had been compelled to surrender in the face of overwhelming odds, but said Japanese conquest of the tiny, oil-rich island off the northeast coast of Borneo was “very costly to the invader.” A small part of the garrison escaped, it was announced. __ JL. ■- ■■ — T Bombs Shake Singapore SINGAPORE. Jan. 13 wPi— Jap anese bomber formations, lashing ; out ahead of enemy troops only about 150 miles north of thus de- j fense bastion, literally shook Singa pore today with bursting bombs. Preliminary surveys, disclosed little damage. Unlike yesterday, when the air battle was fought high in the clouds or at a distance from the city, the 750.000 inhabitants of the island were aware that a battle of the skies w’as on in dead earnest. Bomb explosions and an intense anti-aircraft barrage shook build- j ings in several parts of the city *nd rattled windows. (Although no specific targets were mentioned in the dispatch, the Japanese would be most like ly to center on the naval base on the northern shore of the 26-by 14-mile island. (The proximity of the battle Mounds to the city itself, in the southern part, indicated, how ever, that the raiders may also have been pounding Singapore's port section or the scattered air fields on the island.) , I Singapore was attacked repeatedly from the air yesterday. An official: statement declared that 125 Japanese ! planes in three separate waves took ; part in the attacks, but described 1 damage as insignificant. At least six of the raiders were reported destroyed. (The Japanese reported direct hits were scored on military ob jectives during their first day light raid on Singapore, which they said was carried out in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire.) Smash at Retreating Troops. Other Japanese bombers smashed ; at. British troops attempting to hold i a new defense line after abandoning : Kuala Lumpur in a retreat described as carried out with good order and relatively few casualties. The air assault apparently was designed to prepare the way for a resumption of the overland offen sive in which the Japanese have advanced some 300 miles from the Thailand border since they began their invasion December 8. Abandonment of Kuala Lumpur,! important rubber center and capital of the Federated Malay States, was confirmed by the British last night. Earlier a communique had reported (See MALAYA. Page A-5.) Nazis Execute Parisian BERLIN, Jan. 13 (Official Broad cast) i^Pi.—A Parisian identified only as Gourlot was executed Janu ary 9 for having arms in his pos session. the German commander , of Paris announced today. Air-Raid Alarm The Office of Civilian Defense for the Metropolitan Area has asked The Star to publish for the information of the public these air-raid signals for the entire region, including nearby Virginia and Maryland: Alarm—Five short blasts at half-second intervals, sounded three consecutive times, a total of 15 blasts. All clear—Three long blasts of one and one-half seconds each. Japs Take Tarakan BATAVIA, Netherlands Indies, Jan. 13 uPi.—Japanese invaders have captured the little oil-producing island of Tarakan, off Northeast Borneo, but a stubbornly fighting little Dutch garrison held them off until all oil fields and all equipment were thoroughly demolished, it was ' announced officially late tonight. Only then, the Aneta News Agency : said, did the garrison's survivors surrender. Large numbers of Japanese had poured onto Tarakan. literally over running it, and a communique said only remnants of the garrison es caped to the mainland. This first Japanese conquest of Netherlands Indies territory, how ever, was made “very costly to the invader." and the Dutch and Allied air forces are continuing to pound the Japanese transports and fleet lying off the island, it was an nounced. Transport Claims Repeated. A communique recorded the pre viously announced direct hits scored by Dutch Army bombers on two Japanese transports off Tarakan. A special announcement, issued after the regular communique yesterday, first had disclosed these attacks in which the Dutch said a direct hit also was scored on an enemy cruiser. It said the Japanese dropped 30 heavy bombs on Kolonedale, an east coast port on the Island of Celebes, injuring a non-commissioned officer, and later bombed Ternate on the (See INDIES. Page A-5.) Estate of $1,874,203 Left by Lord Lothian By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 13.—Lord Lothian. British Ambassador to Washington at the time of his death, December 12, 1940. left an estate of £464.199 i $1.874.2031. it was announced today. The names of the heirs have not been disclosed. Successor to his title as Marquess of Lothian was a 20-year-old cousin, Peter Francis Walter Kerr. Sub Sinks Ship 160 Miles Off Nova Scofia 94 Lost, 89 Saved in Closest Torpedoing Yet Reported By the Associated Pr»ss. AN EAST CC AST CANADIAN PORT, Jan, 13 — A large steamship has been torpedoed and sunk by a submarine 160 rules off the Nova Scotia coast withri the last 35 hours and survivors reaching here esti mated today tha\ 94 lives had been lost. Eighty-nine persons were saved. Although Japinese submarines have operated Within sight of the United States West Coast and sub marines have been reported within sight of Newfoundland, this is the closest sinking that has occurred in the battle of the ‘.tlantic. Victims of Cold Weather. Of those rescued 55 were Chinese and 23 were waite. Four white crewmen and ibout 90 Chinese crewmen and passengers were lost. Mast of those lest were victims of near zero weather while afloat on rafts and small boats. Dennis P. Car-oil of Southamp ton. England, one of the survivors, said the ship wert down 20 minutes after she was hit by a torpedo on the starboard si.ie about 7:40 p.m. and by a second torpedo soon after from the port s.ie. Torpedo Hits Man. One of the iren lost, an Irish naval gunner, wai thrown overboard bv the first explosion and the sec ond torpedo strtek him before it hit the ship, on: of the survivors reported. Five boats and six rafts got away, but David Hugfces of Vancouver, British Columbia, one of the sur vivors. said that out of 39 Chinese on the raft only 1' was alive when a rescue ship arrived. Navy Pilots Disciplined For Stunting Over Bethesda Three pilots f'om the Anacostia Naval Air Station have been “disciplined” lor stunting over Be thesda. Md., Frday morning, the Navy said today The Navy explained that the fly ers. who had had very little nolo work, were “ov»renthusiastic'' and decided to do experimental flying In trainer planes. Their activities, however, were enough to brin? numerous com plaints from re.«idents of the Be thesda area and a cause the princi pal of the Bettesda-Chevy Chase High School to report the stunt flying to the Ci\il Aeronautics Ad ministration. The C. A. A. referred the complaint to the Navy' and there was little trouble in identifying the pilots since they had flown bo low persons on the jjound could easily read the numbeis on the planes. Straus Quits U. S. H. A.; To Get New Federal Post Nathan Straus, administrator of the United State-. Housing Authority since its establishment, has resigned, but President Ro>sevelt has withheld acceptance peneing the placing of Mr. Straus in another Government position. Mr. Straus ctlled at the White House this moiling to discuss his resignation and old reporters after ward that the President had asked him to continu' for a few weeks longer. His resignation was submitted about a week ago. according to Stephen Early, White House press secretary. Mr. Early st*.d the reason the resignation had not as yet been ac cepted was due to the President's “high regard” for Mr. Straus's abilities and a cesire to find a new place for him ir. the administration. Mr. Straus ha« been at odds with other Government housing admini strators over the question of defense housing. Greek King May Yisit U. S. LONDON. Jin. 13 <£*). — King George of Gree<e and Premier Em manuel Tsouderns of the Greek gov ernment-ln-exilf soon will visit the United States »t President Roose velt's invitation, the Daily Mail re ported today. Summary of Today's Star Foreign. British take Salum. ending Axis j threat in Libya. Page A-3 Nazis reported massed in Italy for i attack on Malta. Page A-3 Occupied nations pledge post-war j punishment for enemies. Page A-3 Japanese claim control of neck of Batan Peninsula. Page A-4 Russians forming two pincers actions on northern front. Page A-4 Chinese begin drive against towns held by Japanese. Page A-5 Argentina may prove only holdout at Rio conference. Page A-6 National. Willkie chosen for umpire poet in war labor work. Page A-l Roosevelt intervenes in dispute over price control. Page A-l Prosecution to close case today against Hill. Page A-l War Labor Board appointed; Davis chairman. Page A-l Willkie says Nation pays heavily for easy way out. Page A-2 Move to tax U 8. bonds stirs Con gress attack. Page A-6 Plans progressirg for vast Near East arsenal. Maxvell*ays. Page A-6 Washington and Vicinity. Lack of defens' funds deplored by Young. Page A-l Plan to staggir private business working hour; in D. C. Page B-I JJaval officer L« sixth D. C. traffic fatality of yeir. Page B-l Rent chief wil' not consider hypo thetical questions. Page B-l Dorothy Lamovr to appear at Mile o’ Dimes tomorrow. Page B-l Panel disagrees on District's hospital needs. Page B-l House approval sends liquor price ad ban to Senate. Page B-l Miscellany. Marriage Licenses. Page B-t Nature s Children. Page B-6 Army Orders. Page B-7 Births and Deaths. Page B-7 Roosevelt'Sees Double Threat In Price Bill Fears Rising Costs For Both Labor And Farmer B> the Associated Press. President Roosevelt was reported today to have told a group of House members that farm amendments in the Senate price control bill would lead to a spiral of increased prices for both labor and the farmer. Members of the Banking Com mittee had said earlier as they left the White House conference that the President had left them with a "free hand." Well-informed congressional sources said Mr. Roosevelt had told the five Congress members that the OMahoney amendment written into the bill on the Senate floor last wank tying parity prices directly to the level of industrial wages was the most objectionable action that body had taken. 25 Pet. Rise Feared. The Chief Executive was repre sented as believing that if that formula were adopted, the ceilings on agricultural commodities which might be imposed would be raised considerably higher than otherwise. Then labor would demand higher wages which. If granted, would raise the farm ceilings still farther. Opponents of the O'Mahonev amendment said it wouul prohibit the imposition of ceilings below 120 per cent of parity and might lead to a 25 per cent Increase in food price*. The President called the meeting of the House members, it was re ported. to enlist their support in • campaign to defeat In a joint Sen ate-House conference committee that amendment, as well as one by Senator Bankhead. Democrat, of Alabama, which would give Secre tary of Agriculture Wickard veto power over any farm price ceilings that Leon Henderson, price admin istrator, might set. One of the conferees expressed the opinion that the controversy between two appointees of the Chief Execu tive could be settled more quickly than the argument over the farm sections of the legislation. Chairman Steagall of the Banking Committee said at the White House that the President "recommended we get the best bill we could, and we said we would President’* Purposes. Representative Wolcott. Repub lican, of Michigan said the President wanted to help farmers all he could and yet keep prices within reason able bounds and not stir up dissen sion. It was Mr. Wolcott who said the Chief Executive had not put the congressional delegation "on the spot" and had given it a free hand. The committee members who will represent the House in trying to work out a compromise with the Senate on the price control bill and who called on Mr. Roosevelt In addi tion to Representatives Steagall and Wolcott, were Representatives Wil liams. Democrat, of Missouri: I Spence. Democrat, of Kentucky, and Gifford, Republican, of Massachu setts. Some Senators said that the spir- ' ited controversy over control by Sec- j retarv Wickard and Mr. Henderson,' might be compromised by a pro vision that no farm ceilings could be set without prior consultation with Mr. Wickard. That middle-of-the-road provi sion, they said, might satisfy farm state members as well as President Roosevelt. House Provisions. It also might lead, they said, to abandonment of the 120 per cent of parity amendment in favor of House provisions which stipulate that no farm ceiling shall be set below 110 per cent of parity, the December 1 market level or the average prices from 1919 to 1929. Meanwhile, administration lieu tenants also were seeking Senate House compromises on daylight sav ing time, appropriations for civilian defense and for defense housing. Senate Majority Leader Barkley expressed belief that on the first question there would be little dif ficulty. The Senate bill would give the President discretion to advance the clocks as much as two hours in defense areas to conserve electrical j energy. The House bill would make ; daylight saving time of an hour universal. The Senate passed a bill giving Fiorello H. La Guardia, civilian de fense director, an unlimited author ization to spend money, but the House transferred control of the program to the War Department and put a $100,000,000 limit on the authorized expenditures. Conferees also are seeking agree ment of authorizations for a $300, 000,000 appropriation for defense housing and $150,000,000 for com munity facilities. Hoover Urged as Price Chief. Despite such unsettled questions, however,* the No. 1 legislative sub ject remained the price control bill. And not all of the legislators agreed that Mr. Henderson should be con tinued as price administrator under the new legislation. House Minority Leader Martin declared in a radio address last night that appointment of former President Hoover to head the price control agency “would give the Na tion greater confidence than those who now exercise that control.” Mr. Martin, who also is chairman of the Republican National Commit tee. made the suggestion in the Washington Star Radio Forum, broadcast over the Blue network. He declared the President “might do well to avail himself” of the tal ents of a number of Republicans, and anti-New Deal Democrats in ad ministrative posts. Among those, he named Wendell Willkie, Alf M. Lon don, Alfred E. Smith. Thomas E. Dewey and Lewis W. Douglas. GET,OUT OP \ jf mv cow pitto.l MR.CfTY SUCKER.’i IF ANYBQUf CUTS ] \( THIS-H'M GOING J ^TODOfT. 7 I WONDER 1 WHO'S GOING t :jro lookout! » FOR ME3/ Willkie Put on List Of Umpires for New War Labor Board Roosevelt Is Selecting Men to Serve With Industrial Agency By the Associated Press. President Roosevelt has selected Wendell L. Willkie. the man he defeated for the presidency in 1940. as one of a number of umpires and arbitrators to assist the new 12 man war labor board, and discussed the job with Mr. Willkie today. Stephen Early, presidential secre tary, indicated Mr. Willkie had not definitely accepted the position, and said the list was Incomplete. Mr. Willkie had no comment to make when he left the White House. The labor board, with William H Davis as chairman, was created late yesterday by executive order and is armed with authority to submit labor disputes to binding arbitra tion to keep war industries operating at full speed. It superseded the Defense Mediation Board, and will absorb its functions and most of its employes. Asked whether there would be an umpire for each trade, Mr Early replied that he could not describe the exact machinery the war labor board would use but that in most of its important cases it would work as a panel and sitting with the members would be an umpire. Mr. Willkie has consulted the Chief Executive with comparative frequency in recent months and there have been repeated rumors that he would be asked to take a Government position, particularly since he has been a strong supporter of most aspects of the administra tion's foreign policy. The War Labor Board is an out growth of the recent industry-labor conference which agreed to end strikes and lockouts during the war and to settle all disputes by peace ful means. Four Represent Public. Mr. Davis, the New York patent lawyer who also headed the De fense Mediation Board, will be one of four men representing the public. Industry and labor will be repre sented by four each, with labor's representation divided equally be tween the C. I. O. and the A. F. L. Members aside from Mr. Davis are: Public—Dr. George W. Taylor, professor of economics at the Uni versity of Pennsylvania, who will serve as vice chairman: Dr. Frank P. Graham, president of the Uni versity of North Carolina and. like Mr. Davis, a member of the Defense Mediation Board, and Dr. Wayne L. Morse, dean of the University of Oregon law school and chairman of the presidential fact-finding committee which settled the threat ened Nation-wide railroad strike In December. Industry: A. W. Hawkes. president of the United States Chamber of Commerce and of Congoleum-Naim, Inc.. Montclair, N. J.: Roger D. Lap ham of San Francisco, chairman of the board of the American-Hawaiian ~ See LABOR BOARD. Page A-4.) Australia Plans Direct Talks With U. S. on War Br Ihf Associated Press. MELBOURNE. Australia. Jan. 13. —Authorities said today that Aus tralia would undertake direct dis cussions with the United States, as well as other Allied nations, in fram ing war strategy in the Pacific. Direct contact with Washington is a departure from the usual pro cedure of communicating with over seas governments only through the United Kingdom. Prime Minister John Curtin recently established a precedent, however, when he per sonally cabled President Roosevelt during the Churchill conferences in Washington to stress Australia’s view of the importance of Pacific opera tions. While direct contact is made be tween Australia and the United States, closest touch will be kept with Prime Minister Churchill, au thorities said. 1 Rangoon Has Alarm RANGOON, Burma. Jan. 13 UP).— An air alarm sounded here early today and the rumble of explosions was heard from the north. Sabotage Hinted as 55 Flee Gas-Filled Ship By the Associated Press. WILMINGTON, Calif.. Jan. 13 — Joseph Stewart, head of the Califor nia Shipbuilding Corp. plant protec tion department, said today that a possible attempt by saboteur* to asphyxiate 55 worker* Sunday was discovered before any were injured seriously. Carbon dioxide g&s was released from two cylinders of the automatic Are extinguishing system. Prosecutor's Plea To Take Stand in Hill Case Refused Maloney Seeks Chance I To Disprove Charge of 'Planting' Evidence <Picture on Page B-l ) William Power Maloney, special assistant to the Attorney General, offered today to take the witness stand and testify in the perjury case he is prosecuting against George Hill, second secretary to Representa tive Hamilton Fish—but was turned down after a conference of attorneys with Justice F. Dickinson Letts. Prosecutor Maloney, who expects to close the Government's case to day. declared he wanted to disprove the charge shouted out in District Court yesterday by Defense Counsel John J. O'Connor—that evidence had been "planted" to prejudice Mr. Hill s case. Hill is charged with falsely telling a grand jury investigating Nazi activities that he did not order cer tain filled mail bags placed in the storeroom of the New York Repre sentative. The bags in question have been lying in the courtroom during each trial session. Yesterday. Mr. Ma loney reached in one and pulled out an envelope franked bv former Representative Thorkelson of Mon tana—then read to the jury of its contents, a purported interview with Hitler. Mr. Hill's attorney was on his feet in a flash, shouting: “I'm willing to say that the Thorkelson speech was planted (See HILL Page A-6j British Report Torpedoing Italian Supply Ship B» the A««>ci»ted Press. LONDON. Jan. 13 —The Admiralty tonight announced a 5.222-ton Italian supply ship had been tor pedoed. another Axis supply ship of medium size had been set afire by gunfire, and an Italian minesweeper sunk by British submarines in the Mediterranean. The Admiralty identified the minesweeper as the Santa Pietio, and said the supply ship, the Sirio. was damaged seriously. "This ship last was seen in tow and the enemy may have succeeded in getting her into a harbor,” the I communique said. A surface attack by a submarine on the smaller supply ship, which was set afire, was "broken off owing to interference by enemy shore bat teries,” the Admiralty declared Roosevelt to Confer With Buildings Chief On Agency Shifts McCarran and Randolph Call at White House; Announce Decision Responding to a personal plea from House and Senate District j Committee chairmen that action be delayed on transfer of 12 Govern ment bureaus from Washington. President Roosevelt today agreed to consult with W. E. Reynolds, commissions of public buildings, on the problem of office space in the . Capital. Announcement of this decision i was made by Chairmen McCarran | and Randolph of the District Com mittees after a 20-minute confer ’ ence with the President at the | White House shortly before noon. ! Indicating their encouragement at this plan of the Chief Executive to explore the issue further, the legislators pointed out to reporters I on leaving the White House that, 1 "we know Mr. Reynolds has facts . and figures substantiating our con tention that wholesale transfers are ; not immediately necessary.” No Time for i isii set. ISo time was specified for Mr. Reynolds visit to the White House, but the congressional leaders said • they expected the President to seek further information in a day or two Promptly on his return to the Capital. Senator McCarran con , ferred with his advisers regarding his resolution which would prohibit transfer from Washington of any of the old line agencies without the consent of Congress. He told them the President had agreed to call into conference Mr. Reynolds, representatives of the j Budget Bureau and the director of traffic in the District to see whether the Government should go ahead with decentralization or if some com : promise could be made with the alternative plans proposed by the congressional group. Senator McCarran announced em phatically that the White House conference today has not altered his determination to press for the earliest possible action on his re straining resolution. Authority Questioned. He said it had not been shown j that there was any statutory author ' ity for the budget director or any other agent or office of the Gov ernment ordering decentralization without approval of Congress, that no survey had been made or hear ' ings held to show whether the pro ! posed moving of agencies or offices was practical or how much it would | cost, how much it would decrease efficiency or interfere materially with the emergency war program. The resolution is now on the desk of Vice President Wallace, where it can be called up for consideration. ; Senator McCarran agreed to a re | quest by Majority Leader Barkley | that consideration of the measure ! be held in abeyance pending today's ! White House conference. The Senate and House Committees ; have been holding hearings on the ! proposed transfers of Federal de j partments, and Information gained (See DECENTRALIZATION^A-5.) Dealers Fear Used Car Stocks Also May Be Frozen by U. S. Action Would Be Final Blow, House Small Business Committee Is Told By J. A. FOX. Automobile dealers now fear the Government will "freeze” their stocks of used cars, the House Small Business Committee today was told at the opening of a "hearing designed to shape a program to cushion the effect of the stoppage of production of passenger cars and light trucks on the 44.000 dealers of the country. •"That will be the last blow, be cause it is only from the liquidation of used car stocks that we may hope to secure that inflow of cash for a short period of time which is nec essary for the maintenance of small business men,” said L. Clare Car gile, president of the National Auto mobile Dealers’ Association. His prepared statement was read by Ray Chamberlain, executive vice president of the association. Mr. Cargile was unable to attend the hearing which drew several hundred spectators to the caucus room in the Old House Office Building. “It the used-car stocks be frozen, then the difficulties which will face dealers in paying income taxes on March 15 cannot be exaggerated,” the statement added. Mr. Cargile offered an eight-point program which paralleled his rec ommendations several days ago when the Senate Small Business Committee had the same matter under study. He proposed: 1. That the Government permit the delivery of all bona fide orders dated prior to January 1, when the stocks of the dealers were frozen. 2. Liberalized ceilings if new-car prices are “frozen.” 3. A fair handling charge allow ance for dealers if a ceiling is placed on used-car prices. 4. That all automobiles and trucks produced, except those designed (See AUTO DEALERS, Page A-4.) A Young Deplores Lack of District Defense Funds House Unit Is Told City Has Big Problem^ 'Very Little' Money By JAMES E. CHINN. Lack of adequate funds to finance ' the District's vitally important de fense program was deplored today by Commissioner Young before the special House committee Investigat ing defense migrt tion. "We have a big problem and we are expected to do something big.” he declared. "But we have very little to do it with.” Commissioner Young, defense co ordinator for the District, was the first witness called by the committee as it began a study of Washington's civilian morale. Committee mem bers bombarded him with so many questions about the District s emer gency needs he was forced to forego the reading of a prepared statement outlining in detail the city’s civilian defense setup. Congress Provided No Money. In response to a series of questions by Chairman Tolan, Mr. Young, de claring he did not want to appear critical, said Congress had not ap propriated any funds specifically for civilian defense here The 1943 budget framed last sum mer and sent to Congress by Presi ! dent Roosevelt last week, he ex plained. failed to carry any items for civilian defense because it was shaped "to fit the cloth.” The Commissioners, however, he said, are preparing supplemental estimates which will go "pretty far’’ to augment the public health serv ices which are overtaxed by the heavy influx of war workers "What has been appropriated for civilian defense?" inquired Chair man Tolan. "Actually. Congress hasn't appro priated anything.” was the reply. “We were allocated $2,400,000 un der the Lanham Defense Public Works Act. but we had asked for $6,000,000. That money will be spent | largely for extensions to the water, sewer and fire alarm systems. "In the President's $100,000,000 emergency fund we had in a modest request for $300,000 for additional fire-fighting equipment. Later we raised the figure to $1,000,000 to pro vide underground water reservoirs, water storage tanks above the ground and hose for fire-fighting. But that was cut down. I see no hope of getting anything. They seem to think we should go along like other municipalities." Commissioner Young said the Dis trict also was authorized to borrow $1000 000 from the Treasury in the so-called "blackout bill." and some of that money is now being used for defense equipment. “The defense plans are in pretty good shape, and I am proud of . them." he summarized, "but we have done all of those things without spe , cial appropriations." Questioned about plans for civilian air-raid shelters. Commissioner Young said they were being han dled bv the Federal Government. "But.” he added, "they want us to do the planning—select the types and pick out the sites—and that’s going to cost us $40,000 or $50,000, even though the Federal Govern ment is going to build the shelters.1* District Is No. 1 City. When the hearing began. Chair man Tolan explained the commit tee's interest in civilian morale in the District. "Washington is the number 1 de fense city in the United States.' he said. "Many people have left their home States to come here to rake jobs or look for them. After the war. Washington, like other defense cen ters. will be a whirlpool. "For that reason we warn to use Washington as a sort of a sample city. We w’ant to get something out of these hearings to help the rest of the Nation." Commissioner Young's prepared statement which was placed in the record explained that before the at tack on Pearl Harbor the major civilian defense problem was "public lethargy, even to the extreme on the part of some people of looking on civilian defense efforts as some form of war propaganda." "It is fortunate indeed," the state ment declared, "that the Office of Civilian Defense utilized this pre 'See D. C. DEFENSE. Page A-5.> . - - . You and An Air Raid The series of articles which ran in The Star, describing precautions for the safety of your home and family in an emergency, is being reprinted in pamphlet form. Decision to print the pamphlet was in response to many requests from air-raid wardens, build ing wardens and others in the civilian defense organization as well as from readers. The pamphlet bears official indorsement from Mayor La Guardia, director of civilian defense, and from Col. Lemuel Bolles, executive director of District civilian defense. Copies, singly or in quantity, can be obtained tomorrow at the first-floor counter of The Star Building at 2 cents a copy, slightly less than the cost of printing. Mail orders for copies should be addressed to “You and an Air Raid” Editor, in care of The Star. Five cents should be inclosed for each copy, to cover the cost of postage and handling.