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t^> M«»n» A»»aci«t«d Pftn.
90th YEAR. Xo. 35,686.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1942
MacArthur Shatters Jap Attack,
Dispersing Tanks and Silencing
11 Batteries in 24-Hour Battle
Nipponese Troops Are Forced
To Withdraw; Tarakan
Lost, Dutch Declare
American and Philippine forces, led by Gen. Douglas
MacArthur. have inflicted a shattering defeat on Japanese
tanks and other armored units in a 24-hour artillery battle,
silencing 11 enemy batteries and forcing the attackers to
withdraw with heavy casualties, the War Department
Marking an important victory on the Philippine front, the
communique summarizing the military situation up to 9.30 a.m.
today declared that American losses were relatively slight.
American and Filipino artillery batteries “proved definitely
superior” to the Japanese, the War Department said, adding that
columns of enemy tanks, other armored units and infantry were
"shattered and dispersed.”
The usual artillery battery in the world's armies consists of
four guns. On this basis the report from the Philippines would
credit the defenders with wiping out 44 field guns, a considerable
measure of fire power in the comparatively small fighting area.
Japanese dive bombers supported the enemy artillery fire, the
communique said, but there were no enemy bombing attacks on
the fortifications at the southern tip of Batan or Corregidor Is
land, the guardian of Manila Bay.
Dutch Bombers Slash at Armada.
Meanwhile. Dutch bombers were reported slashing at a Japa
nese invasion armada off the Japanese-conquered island of Tara
kan, Dutch North Borneo, as cheering word spread that Anglo
American reinforcements were en route to the new Far East
Simultaneously. British dispatches declared cryptically that
an important announcement could be expected at any moment
‘which may change the Malayan situation considerably in
Taken together, these seemed to indicate that powerful Allied
counterblows may soon be struck.
British troops seeking to check the 8-mile-a-day advance of
Japanese invaders of Malaya dug in on a new defense line 150
miles north of Singapore under hammering by Rising Sun bombers.
Singapore had another heavy raid by Japanese planes, and
bombs literally shook the city. Little damage was revealed after
Washington military observers pointed out that the Mikado's
invasion hordes, striking in Malaya, China, the Philippines and
the Netherlands Indies, had now spread out dangerously thin and
become vulnerable to a concerted Allied counterstroke.
Netherlands Indies headquarters at Batavia acknowledged
that its garrison at Tarakan had been compelled to surrender in
the face of overwhelming odds, but said Japanese conquest of the
tiny, oil-rich island off the northeast coast of Borneo was “very
costly to the invader.” A small part of the garrison escaped, it
__ JL. ■- ■■ —
Bombs Shake Singapore
SINGAPORE. Jan. 13 wPi— Jap
anese bomber formations, lashing ;
out ahead of enemy troops only
about 150 miles north of thus de- j
fense bastion, literally shook Singa
pore today with bursting bombs.
Preliminary surveys, disclosed little
Unlike yesterday, when the air
battle was fought high in the clouds
or at a distance from the city, the
750.000 inhabitants of the island were
aware that a battle of the skies w’as
on in dead earnest.
Bomb explosions and an intense
anti-aircraft barrage shook build- j
ings in several parts of the city
*nd rattled windows.
(Although no specific targets
were mentioned in the dispatch,
the Japanese would be most like
ly to center on the naval base on
the northern shore of the 26-by
(The proximity of the battle
Mounds to the city itself, in the
southern part, indicated, how
ever, that the raiders may also
have been pounding Singapore's
port section or the scattered air
fields on the island.) , I
Singapore was attacked repeatedly
from the air yesterday. An official:
statement declared that 125 Japanese !
planes in three separate waves took ;
part in the attacks, but described 1
damage as insignificant. At least
six of the raiders were reported
(The Japanese reported direct
hits were scored on military ob
jectives during their first day
light raid on Singapore, which
they said was carried out in the
face of heavy anti-aircraft fire.)
Smash at Retreating Troops.
Other Japanese bombers smashed ;
at. British troops attempting to hold i
a new defense line after abandoning :
Kuala Lumpur in a retreat described
as carried out with good order and
relatively few casualties.
The air assault apparently was
designed to prepare the way for a
resumption of the overland offen
sive in which the Japanese have
advanced some 300 miles from the
Thailand border since they began
their invasion December 8.
Abandonment of Kuala Lumpur,!
important rubber center and capital
of the Federated Malay States, was
confirmed by the British last night.
Earlier a communique had reported
(See MALAYA. Page A-5.)
Nazis Execute Parisian
BERLIN, Jan. 13 (Official Broad
cast) i^Pi.—A Parisian identified
only as Gourlot was executed Janu
ary 9 for having arms in his pos
session. the German commander ,
of Paris announced today.
The Office of Civilian Defense
for the Metropolitan Area has
asked The Star to publish for
the information of the public
these air-raid signals for the
entire region, including nearby
Virginia and Maryland:
Alarm—Five short blasts at
half-second intervals, sounded
three consecutive times, a total
of 15 blasts.
All clear—Three long blasts
of one and one-half seconds
Japs Take Tarakan
BATAVIA, Netherlands Indies,
Jan. 13 uPi.—Japanese invaders have
captured the little oil-producing
island of Tarakan, off Northeast
Borneo, but a stubbornly fighting
little Dutch garrison held them off
until all oil fields and all equipment
were thoroughly demolished, it was '
announced officially late tonight.
Only then, the Aneta News Agency :
said, did the garrison's survivors
Large numbers of Japanese had
poured onto Tarakan. literally over
running it, and a communique said
only remnants of the garrison es
caped to the mainland.
This first Japanese conquest of
Netherlands Indies territory, how
ever, was made “very costly to the
invader." and the Dutch and Allied
air forces are continuing to pound
the Japanese transports and fleet
lying off the island, it was an
Transport Claims Repeated.
A communique recorded the pre
viously announced direct hits scored
by Dutch Army bombers on two
Japanese transports off Tarakan. A
special announcement, issued after
the regular communique yesterday,
first had disclosed these attacks in
which the Dutch said a direct hit
also was scored on an enemy cruiser.
It said the Japanese dropped 30
heavy bombs on Kolonedale, an east
coast port on the Island of Celebes,
injuring a non-commissioned officer,
and later bombed Ternate on the
(See INDIES. Page A-5.)
Estate of $1,874,203
Left by Lord Lothian
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Jan. 13.—Lord Lothian.
British Ambassador to Washington
at the time of his death, December
12, 1940. left an estate of £464.199
i $1.874.2031. it was announced today.
The names of the heirs have not
Successor to his title as Marquess
of Lothian was a 20-year-old cousin,
Peter Francis Walter Kerr.
Sub Sinks Ship
160 Miles Off
94 Lost, 89 Saved in
By the Associated Pr»ss.
AN EAST CC AST CANADIAN
PORT, Jan, 13 — A large steamship
has been torpedoed and sunk by a
submarine 160 rules off the Nova
Scotia coast withri the last 35 hours
and survivors reaching here esti
mated today tha\ 94 lives had been
lost. Eighty-nine persons were
Although Japinese submarines
have operated Within sight of the
United States West Coast and sub
marines have been reported within
sight of Newfoundland, this is the
closest sinking that has occurred in
the battle of the ‘.tlantic.
Victims of Cold Weather.
Of those rescued 55 were Chinese
and 23 were waite. Four white
crewmen and ibout 90 Chinese
crewmen and passengers were lost.
Mast of those lest were victims of
near zero weather while afloat on
rafts and small boats.
Dennis P. Car-oil of Southamp
ton. England, one of the survivors,
said the ship wert down 20 minutes
after she was hit by a torpedo on
the starboard si.ie about 7:40 p.m.
and by a second torpedo soon after
from the port s.ie.
Torpedo Hits Man.
One of the iren lost, an Irish
naval gunner, wai thrown overboard
bv the first explosion and the sec
ond torpedo strtek him before it
hit the ship, on: of the survivors
Five boats and six rafts got away,
but David Hugfces of Vancouver,
British Columbia, one of the sur
vivors. said that out of 39 Chinese
on the raft only 1' was alive when
a rescue ship arrived.
Navy Pilots Disciplined
For Stunting Over Bethesda
Three pilots f'om the Anacostia
Naval Air Station have been
“disciplined” lor stunting over Be
thesda. Md., Frday morning, the
Navy said today
The Navy explained that the fly
ers. who had had very little nolo
work, were “ov»renthusiastic'' and
decided to do experimental flying In
Their activities, however, were
enough to brin? numerous com
plaints from re.«idents of the Be
thesda area and a cause the princi
pal of the Bettesda-Chevy Chase
High School to report the stunt
flying to the Ci\il Aeronautics Ad
ministration. The C. A. A. referred
the complaint to the Navy' and there
was little trouble in identifying the
pilots since they had flown bo low
persons on the jjound could easily
read the numbeis on the planes.
Straus Quits U. S. H. A.;
To Get New Federal Post
Nathan Straus, administrator of
the United State-. Housing Authority
since its establishment, has resigned,
but President Ro>sevelt has withheld
acceptance peneing the placing of
Mr. Straus in another Government
Mr. Straus ctlled at the White
House this moiling to discuss his
resignation and old reporters after
ward that the President had asked
him to continu' for a few weeks
His resignation was submitted
about a week ago. according to
Stephen Early, White House press
Mr. Early st*.d the reason the
resignation had not as yet been ac
cepted was due to the President's
“high regard” for Mr. Straus's
abilities and a cesire to find a new
place for him ir. the administration.
Mr. Straus ha« been at odds with
other Government housing admini
strators over the question of defense
Greek King May Yisit U. S.
LONDON. Jin. 13 <£*). — King
George of Gree<e and Premier Em
manuel Tsouderns of the Greek gov
ernment-ln-exilf soon will visit the
United States »t President Roose
velt's invitation, the Daily Mail re
Summary of Today's Star
British take Salum. ending Axis j
threat in Libya. Page A-3
Nazis reported massed in Italy for i
attack on Malta. Page A-3
Occupied nations pledge post-war j
punishment for enemies. Page A-3
Japanese claim control of neck of
Batan Peninsula. Page A-4
Russians forming two pincers actions
on northern front. Page A-4
Chinese begin drive against towns
held by Japanese. Page A-5
Argentina may prove only holdout
at Rio conference. Page A-6
Willkie chosen for umpire poet in
war labor work. Page A-l
Roosevelt intervenes in dispute over
price control. Page A-l
Prosecution to close case today
against Hill. Page A-l
War Labor Board appointed; Davis
chairman. Page A-l
Willkie says Nation pays heavily for
easy way out. Page A-2
Move to tax U 8. bonds stirs Con
gress attack. Page A-6
Plans progressirg for vast Near East
arsenal. Maxvell*ays. Page A-6
Washington and Vicinity.
Lack of defens' funds deplored by
Young. Page A-l
Plan to staggir private business
working hour; in D. C. Page B-I
JJaval officer L« sixth D. C. traffic
fatality of yeir. Page B-l
Rent chief wil' not consider hypo
thetical questions. Page B-l
Dorothy Lamovr to appear at Mile
o’ Dimes tomorrow. Page B-l
Panel disagrees on District's hospital
needs. Page B-l
House approval sends liquor price
ad ban to Senate. Page B-l
Marriage Licenses. Page B-t
Nature s Children. Page B-6
Army Orders. Page B-7
Births and Deaths. Page B-7
In Price Bill
Fears Rising Costs
For Both Labor
B> the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt was reported
today to have told a group of House
members that farm amendments in
the Senate price control bill would
lead to a spiral of increased prices
for both labor and the farmer.
Members of the Banking Com
mittee had said earlier as they left
the White House conference that
the President had left them with a
sources said Mr. Roosevelt had told
the five Congress members that the
OMahoney amendment written into
the bill on the Senate floor last
wank tying parity prices directly
to the level of industrial wages was
the most objectionable action that
body had taken.
25 Pet. Rise Feared.
The Chief Executive was repre
sented as believing that if that
formula were adopted, the ceilings
on agricultural commodities which
might be imposed would be raised
considerably higher than otherwise.
Then labor would demand higher
wages which. If granted, would raise
the farm ceilings still farther.
Opponents of the O'Mahonev
amendment said it wouul prohibit
the imposition of ceilings below 120
per cent of parity and might lead
to a 25 per cent Increase in food
The President called the meeting
of the House members, it was re
ported. to enlist their support in •
campaign to defeat In a joint Sen
ate-House conference committee
that amendment, as well as one by
Senator Bankhead. Democrat, of
Alabama, which would give Secre
tary of Agriculture Wickard veto
power over any farm price ceilings
that Leon Henderson, price admin
istrator, might set.
One of the conferees expressed the
opinion that the controversy between
two appointees of the Chief Execu
tive could be settled more quickly
than the argument over the farm
sections of the legislation.
Chairman Steagall of the Banking
Committee said at the White House
that the President "recommended
we get the best bill we could, and
we said we would
Representative Wolcott. Repub
lican, of Michigan said the President
wanted to help farmers all he could
and yet keep prices within reason
able bounds and not stir up dissen
It was Mr. Wolcott who said the
Chief Executive had not put the
congressional delegation "on the
spot" and had given it a free hand.
The committee members who will
represent the House in trying to
work out a compromise with the
Senate on the price control bill and
who called on Mr. Roosevelt In addi
tion to Representatives Steagall and
Wolcott, were Representatives Wil
liams. Democrat, of Missouri: I
Spence. Democrat, of Kentucky, and
Gifford, Republican, of Massachu
Some Senators said that the spir- '
ited controversy over control by Sec- j
retarv Wickard and Mr. Henderson,'
might be compromised by a pro
vision that no farm ceilings could be
set without prior consultation with
That middle-of-the-road provi
sion, they said, might satisfy farm
state members as well as President
It also might lead, they said, to
abandonment of the 120 per cent of
parity amendment in favor of House
provisions which stipulate that no
farm ceiling shall be set below 110
per cent of parity, the December 1
market level or the average prices
from 1919 to 1929.
Meanwhile, administration lieu
tenants also were seeking Senate
House compromises on daylight sav
ing time, appropriations for civilian
defense and for defense housing.
Senate Majority Leader Barkley
expressed belief that on the first
question there would be little dif
ficulty. The Senate bill would give
the President discretion to advance
the clocks as much as two hours in
defense areas to conserve electrical j
energy. The House bill would make ;
daylight saving time of an hour
The Senate passed a bill giving
Fiorello H. La Guardia, civilian de
fense director, an unlimited author
ization to spend money, but the
House transferred control of the
program to the War Department
and put a $100,000,000 limit on the
Conferees also are seeking agree
ment of authorizations for a $300,
000,000 appropriation for defense
housing and $150,000,000 for com
Hoover Urged as Price Chief.
Despite such unsettled questions,
however,* the No. 1 legislative sub
ject remained the price control bill.
And not all of the legislators agreed
that Mr. Henderson should be con
tinued as price administrator under
the new legislation.
House Minority Leader Martin
declared in a radio address last
night that appointment of former
President Hoover to head the price
control agency “would give the Na
tion greater confidence than those
who now exercise that control.”
Mr. Martin, who also is chairman
of the Republican National Commit
tee. made the suggestion in the
Washington Star Radio Forum,
broadcast over the Blue network.
He declared the President “might
do well to avail himself” of the tal
ents of a number of Republicans,
and anti-New Deal Democrats in ad
ministrative posts. Among those, he
named Wendell Willkie, Alf M. Lon
don, Alfred E. Smith. Thomas E.
Dewey and Lewis W. Douglas.
GET,OUT OP \
jf mv cow pitto.l
IF ANYBQUf CUTS ]
\( THIS-H'M GOING J
1 WHO'S GOING t
» FOR ME3/
Willkie Put on List
Of Umpires for New
War Labor Board
Roosevelt Is Selecting
Men to Serve With
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt has selected
Wendell L. Willkie. the man he
defeated for the presidency in 1940.
as one of a number of umpires and
arbitrators to assist the new 12
man war labor board, and discussed
the job with Mr. Willkie today.
Stephen Early, presidential secre
tary, indicated Mr. Willkie had not
definitely accepted the position, and
said the list was Incomplete.
Mr. Willkie had no comment to
make when he left the White House.
The labor board, with William H
Davis as chairman, was created late
yesterday by executive order and is
armed with authority to submit
labor disputes to binding arbitra
tion to keep war industries operating
at full speed. It superseded the
Defense Mediation Board, and will
absorb its functions and most of its
Asked whether there would be an
umpire for each trade, Mr Early
replied that he could not describe
the exact machinery the war labor
board would use but that in most of
its important cases it would work
as a panel and sitting with the
members would be an umpire.
Mr. Willkie has consulted the
Chief Executive with comparative
frequency in recent months and
there have been repeated rumors
that he would be asked to take a
Government position, particularly
since he has been a strong supporter
of most aspects of the administra
tion's foreign policy.
The War Labor Board is an out
growth of the recent industry-labor
conference which agreed to end
strikes and lockouts during the war
and to settle all disputes by peace
Four Represent Public.
Mr. Davis, the New York patent
lawyer who also headed the De
fense Mediation Board, will be one
of four men representing the public.
Industry and labor will be repre
sented by four each, with labor's
representation divided equally be
tween the C. I. O. and the A. F. L.
Members aside from Mr. Davis
Public—Dr. George W. Taylor,
professor of economics at the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania, who will
serve as vice chairman: Dr. Frank
P. Graham, president of the Uni
versity of North Carolina and. like
Mr. Davis, a member of the Defense
Mediation Board, and Dr. Wayne L.
Morse, dean of the University of
Oregon law school and chairman
of the presidential fact-finding
committee which settled the threat
ened Nation-wide railroad strike In
Industry: A. W. Hawkes. president
of the United States Chamber of
Commerce and of Congoleum-Naim,
Inc.. Montclair, N. J.: Roger D. Lap
ham of San Francisco, chairman of
the board of the American-Hawaiian
~ See LABOR BOARD. Page A-4.)
Australia Plans Direct
Talks With U. S. on War
Br Ihf Associated Press.
MELBOURNE. Australia. Jan. 13.
—Authorities said today that Aus
tralia would undertake direct dis
cussions with the United States, as
well as other Allied nations, in fram
ing war strategy in the Pacific.
Direct contact with Washington
is a departure from the usual pro
cedure of communicating with over
seas governments only through the
United Kingdom. Prime Minister
John Curtin recently established a
precedent, however, when he per
sonally cabled President Roosevelt
during the Churchill conferences in
Washington to stress Australia’s view
of the importance of Pacific opera
While direct contact is made be
tween Australia and the United
States, closest touch will be kept
with Prime Minister Churchill, au
thorities said. 1
Rangoon Has Alarm
RANGOON, Burma. Jan. 13 UP).—
An air alarm sounded here early
today and the rumble of explosions
was heard from the north.
Sabotage Hinted as 55
Flee Gas-Filled Ship
By the Associated Press.
WILMINGTON, Calif.. Jan. 13 —
Joseph Stewart, head of the Califor
nia Shipbuilding Corp. plant protec
tion department, said today that a
possible attempt by saboteur* to
asphyxiate 55 worker* Sunday was
discovered before any were injured
Carbon dioxide g&s was released
from two cylinders of the automatic
Are extinguishing system.
To Take Stand in
Hill Case Refused
Maloney Seeks Chance
I To Disprove Charge of
<Picture on Page B-l )
William Power Maloney, special
assistant to the Attorney General,
offered today to take the witness
stand and testify in the perjury case
he is prosecuting against George
Hill, second secretary to Representa
tive Hamilton Fish—but was turned
down after a conference of attorneys
with Justice F. Dickinson Letts.
Prosecutor Maloney, who expects
to close the Government's case to
day. declared he wanted to disprove
the charge shouted out in District
Court yesterday by Defense Counsel
John J. O'Connor—that evidence
had been "planted" to prejudice Mr.
Hill s case.
Hill is charged with falsely telling
a grand jury investigating Nazi
activities that he did not order cer
tain filled mail bags placed in the
storeroom of the New York Repre
The bags in question have been
lying in the courtroom during each
trial session. Yesterday. Mr. Ma
loney reached in one and pulled
out an envelope franked bv former
Representative Thorkelson of Mon
tana—then read to the jury of its
contents, a purported interview with
Mr. Hill's attorney was on his
feet in a flash, shouting:
“I'm willing to say that the
Thorkelson speech was planted
(See HILL Page A-6j
British Report Torpedoing
Italian Supply Ship
B» the A««>ci»ted Press.
LONDON. Jan. 13 —The Admiralty
tonight announced a 5.222-ton
Italian supply ship had been tor
pedoed. another Axis supply ship of
medium size had been set afire by
gunfire, and an Italian minesweeper
sunk by British submarines in the
The Admiralty identified the
minesweeper as the Santa Pietio,
and said the supply ship, the Sirio.
was damaged seriously.
"This ship last was seen in tow
and the enemy may have succeeded
in getting her into a harbor,” the
I communique said.
A surface attack by a submarine
on the smaller supply ship, which
was set afire, was "broken off owing
to interference by enemy shore bat
teries,” the Admiralty declared
Roosevelt to Confer
With Buildings Chief
On Agency Shifts
McCarran and Randolph
Call at White House;
Responding to a personal plea
from House and Senate District
j Committee chairmen that action be
delayed on transfer of 12 Govern
ment bureaus from Washington.
President Roosevelt today agreed
to consult with W. E. Reynolds,
commissions of public buildings,
on the problem of office space in the
Announcement of this decision
i was made by Chairmen McCarran
| and Randolph of the District Com
mittees after a 20-minute confer
’ ence with the President at the
| White House shortly before noon.
! Indicating their encouragement
at this plan of the Chief Executive
to explore the issue further, the
legislators pointed out to reporters
I on leaving the White House that,
1 "we know Mr. Reynolds has facts
. and figures substantiating our con
tention that wholesale transfers are
; not immediately necessary.”
No Time for i isii set.
ISo time was specified for Mr.
Reynolds visit to the White House,
but the congressional leaders said
• they expected the President to seek
further information in a day or two
Promptly on his return to the
Capital. Senator McCarran con
, ferred with his advisers regarding
his resolution which would prohibit
transfer from Washington of any
of the old line agencies without the
consent of Congress.
He told them the President had
agreed to call into conference Mr.
Reynolds, representatives of the
j Budget Bureau and the director of
traffic in the District to see whether
the Government should go ahead
with decentralization or if some com
: promise could be made with the
alternative plans proposed by the
Senator McCarran announced em
phatically that the White House
conference today has not altered
his determination to press for the
earliest possible action on his re
He said it had not been shown
j that there was any statutory author
' ity for the budget director or any
other agent or office of the Gov
ernment ordering decentralization
without approval of Congress, that
no survey had been made or hear
' ings held to show whether the pro
! posed moving of agencies or offices
was practical or how much it would
| cost, how much it would decrease
efficiency or interfere materially
with the emergency war program.
The resolution is now on the desk
of Vice President Wallace, where it
can be called up for consideration.
; Senator McCarran agreed to a re
| quest by Majority Leader Barkley
| that consideration of the measure
! be held in abeyance pending today's
! White House conference.
The Senate and House Committees
; have been holding hearings on the
! proposed transfers of Federal de
j partments, and Information gained
Dealers Fear Used Car Stocks
Also May Be Frozen by U. S.
Action Would Be Final Blow, House
Small Business Committee Is Told
By J. A. FOX.
Automobile dealers now fear the
Government will "freeze” their
stocks of used cars, the House Small
Business Committee today was told
at the opening of a "hearing designed
to shape a program to cushion the
effect of the stoppage of production
of passenger cars and light trucks on
the 44.000 dealers of the country.
•"That will be the last blow, be
cause it is only from the liquidation
of used car stocks that we may hope
to secure that inflow of cash for a
short period of time which is nec
essary for the maintenance of small
business men,” said L. Clare Car
gile, president of the National Auto
mobile Dealers’ Association.
His prepared statement was read
by Ray Chamberlain, executive vice
president of the association. Mr.
Cargile was unable to attend the
hearing which drew several hundred
spectators to the caucus room in the
Old House Office Building.
“It the used-car stocks be frozen,
then the difficulties which will face
dealers in paying income taxes on
March 15 cannot be exaggerated,”
the statement added.
Mr. Cargile offered an eight-point
program which paralleled his rec
ommendations several days ago
when the Senate Small Business
Committee had the same matter
under study. He proposed:
1. That the Government permit
the delivery of all bona fide orders
dated prior to January 1, when the
stocks of the dealers were frozen.
2. Liberalized ceilings if new-car
prices are “frozen.”
3. A fair handling charge allow
ance for dealers if a ceiling is placed
on used-car prices.
4. That all automobiles and trucks
produced, except those designed
(See AUTO DEALERS, Page A-4.)
Lack of District
House Unit Is Told
City Has Big Problem^
'Very Little' Money
By JAMES E. CHINN.
Lack of adequate funds to finance
' the District's vitally important de
fense program was deplored today
by Commissioner Young before the
special House committee Investigat
ing defense migrt tion.
"We have a big problem and we
are expected to do something big.”
he declared. "But we have very
little to do it with.”
Commissioner Young, defense co
ordinator for the District, was the
first witness called by the committee
as it began a study of Washington's
civilian morale. Committee mem
bers bombarded him with so many
questions about the District s emer
gency needs he was forced to forego
the reading of a prepared statement
outlining in detail the city’s civilian
Congress Provided No Money.
In response to a series of questions
by Chairman Tolan, Mr. Young, de
claring he did not want to appear
critical, said Congress had not ap
propriated any funds specifically for
civilian defense here
The 1943 budget framed last sum
mer and sent to Congress by Presi
! dent Roosevelt last week, he ex
plained. failed to carry any items
for civilian defense because it was
shaped "to fit the cloth.”
The Commissioners, however, he
said, are preparing supplemental
estimates which will go "pretty far’’
to augment the public health serv
ices which are overtaxed by the
heavy influx of war workers
"What has been appropriated for
civilian defense?" inquired Chair
"Actually. Congress hasn't appro
priated anything.” was the reply.
“We were allocated $2,400,000 un
der the Lanham Defense Public
Works Act. but we had asked for
$6,000,000. That money will be spent
| largely for extensions to the water,
sewer and fire alarm systems.
"In the President's $100,000,000
emergency fund we had in a modest
request for $300,000 for additional
fire-fighting equipment. Later we
raised the figure to $1,000,000 to pro
vide underground water reservoirs,
water storage tanks above the
ground and hose for fire-fighting.
But that was cut down. I see no
hope of getting anything. They seem
to think we should go along like
Commissioner Young said the Dis
trict also was authorized to borrow
$1000 000 from the Treasury in the
so-called "blackout bill." and some
of that money is now being used for
“The defense plans are in pretty
good shape, and I am proud of
. them." he summarized, "but we have
done all of those things without spe
, cial appropriations."
Questioned about plans for civilian
air-raid shelters. Commissioner
Young said they were being han
dled bv the Federal Government.
"But.” he added, "they want us to
do the planning—select the types
and pick out the sites—and that’s
going to cost us $40,000 or $50,000,
even though the Federal Govern
ment is going to build the shelters.1*
District Is No. 1 City.
When the hearing began. Chair
man Tolan explained the commit
tee's interest in civilian morale in
"Washington is the number 1 de
fense city in the United States.' he
said. "Many people have left their
home States to come here to rake
jobs or look for them. After the war.
Washington, like other defense cen
ters. will be a whirlpool.
"For that reason we warn to use
Washington as a sort of a sample
city. We w’ant to get something out
of these hearings to help the rest of
Commissioner Young's prepared
statement which was placed in the
record explained that before the at
tack on Pearl Harbor the major
civilian defense problem was "public
lethargy, even to the extreme on
the part of some people of looking
on civilian defense efforts as some
form of war propaganda."
"It is fortunate indeed," the state
ment declared, "that the Office of
Civilian Defense utilized this pre
'See D. C. DEFENSE. Page A-5.>
. - - .
An Air Raid
The series of articles which
ran in The Star, describing
precautions for the safety of
your home and family in an
emergency, is being reprinted
in pamphlet form. Decision
to print the pamphlet was in
response to many requests
from air-raid wardens, build
ing wardens and others in the
civilian defense organization
as well as from readers.
The pamphlet bears official
indorsement from Mayor La
Guardia, director of civilian
defense, and from Col. Lemuel
Bolles, executive director of
District civilian defense.
Copies, singly or in quantity,
can be obtained tomorrow at
the first-floor counter of The
Star Building at 2 cents a
copy, slightly less than the
cost of printing.
Mail orders for copies should
be addressed to “You and an
Air Raid” Editor, in care of
The Star. Five cents should
be inclosed for each copy, to
cover the cost of postage and
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