Newspaper Page Text
With Sunday Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. * WASHINGTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY....January 14, 194* The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Mam Cfflre: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Avg. New York Office 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. Evening and Sunday T5c per mo. or 1 Sc Per week The Evening Stai 45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star 10c per copy Night Final Edition. Night Finn and Sunday Star . S5c per month Night Final Star 60c per month Rural Tube Delivery. The rvening and Sunday Star-05c per month The Evening Star-55c per month The Sunday Star ,10c Per copy Collections made at the end of each month or rich week. Orders may be gent by mall or tele phone National 5000. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Daily and Sunday_1 yr.. #12.00: 1 mo.. SI 00 Daily only _1 tt.. FS.OO; 1 mo„ .5c Sunday only_1 yr.. S5.00; 1 mo.. 60c Entered as second-class matter poet office. Washintton. D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to ♦he use for republication of all news dispatches credited to :t or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news Published herein. All rights of publication of apecial dispatches herein also are reserved. A Welcome Move In announcing his intention to re vamp the war production setup and to confer upon Donald M. Nelson full authority to make and enforce decisions, the President has taken a step which will be welcomed throughout the country as convinc ing evidence that this Government has settled down in earnest to the grim business of winning the war. It has taken a long time to get to this fourth and, one may hope, final reorganization of the Nation’s de fense machinery. Throughout the period when we were getting ready for war the direction of the defense program rested upon a division of authority and a divided responsi bility which resulted inevitably in fumbling, wasted effort and con fusion. But that is water over the dam. With the country actually at war, the President has acted prompt ly and decisively. And he has acted with the great advantage of having had ample opportunity to study and appraise the man he has chosen to be the sole boss of the procurement and production phases of the war efTort. This, in itself, is of consider able importance, for Mr. Roosevelt, having made up his mind after ma ture reflection that Mr. Nelson is the man for the tremendous job which Is to be intrusted to him, is not apt to be easily persuaded that his choice was a bad one. Certainly there is nothing in Mr. Nelson's record to indicate that the President has picked the wrong man. In his appraisal of the magnitude of the task confronting the country, he has been clear-eyed and farsighted. As long ago as last May he was warning the American people that “you can't stop a panzer division with a row of electric refrigerators,” and was calling for a sevenfold in crease in our military program. At that time such a proposal, involving i a drastic curtailment of civilian pro duction and an annual military out- j lay of $35,000,000,000, was widely re- j garded as preposterous. But Mr. \ Nelson stuck to his guns and, far from retreating, continued to boost his estimate as the war clouds gathered. In politics he is a Democrat, and Is considered by some to be a New Dealer. But by no stretch of the imagination can he be classed with those visionaries who would use the war program to revamp the Ameri can industrial system. Essentially, he is a businessman who worked his wray up from a furnace-tending job to a $70,000-a-year post as head of one of the country’s largest mail order houses. He has acquired the habit of success, and he knows his way around—both in Government and in business. When he became executive director of the Supply Priorities and Allocations Board some four months ago, he made his posi-# tion clear. “I may make mistakes in this new job,” he said, ‘‘but if I’m right 90 per cent of the gme *I’U be more than satisfied. I would rather make some mistakes anil get the big job done than to make no mistakes I and jeopardize the whole works.” That was the philosophy of a man who had already caught the eye of Bernard M. Baruch, chairman of the | War Industries Board of the first World War and a consistent and vig- j orous advocate of one-man control In this conflict. ^Sizing up S. P. A. B.’s j new executive director, Mr. Baruch ventured the opinion that ‘ Donald Nelson rnily be the man.” He seems to have been a good prophet. * Tribute to Mitchell In voting unanimously to recom mend the posthumous promotion of the late Brigadier General William Mitchell to major general, the Senate has moved to “vindicate” officially, for purposes of the record, a mili tary aviation pioneer whose far sighted theories regarding the po tency of air power already have been vindicated for the most part in the laboratory of modern warfare. Events of the past several years have proved beyond a doubt that the so called “stormy petrel of the Air Corps” was fully justified In many of the claims he made as to the future role of aviation in time of war. As Senator Wiley of Wisconsin remarked on the floor in support of a joint resolution doing belated honor to General Mitchell, he was "so far ahead of his time—advocating aerial torpedoes, parachute troops, troop transport planes, heavy-gun combat planes and air bases in Alaska—that the laggard brains could not com prehend what he was talking about.” General Mitchell, irked by the lack Of comprehension then prevailing in high quarters, sacrificed his military career in an effort to stir public opinion in support of his demands— sometimes intemperately voiced—for a greatly expanded air arm. The recognition which the Senate would extend to the late Air Corps chief is but one of a number of wel come Indications that aviation is coming into its own with our armed forces. Profiting by the lessons of Europe and the Far East, our military and naval experts are echoing today the demands which General Mitchell made, almost alone, for planes, planes and more planes. Aviation officers are being given greater and greater responsibilities in places of high command, as they should be. It is too bad that General Mitchell could not have lived to see so many of his dreams respecting air power come true. He will have rendered a real service to his country if, by his out spoken devotion to the cause of aviation, he has taught our military and naval authorities a lesson on the perils of remaining too complacent and too indifferent to change in an era when military progress is highly revolutionary and dangerously com petitive. Civilian Defense Funds Chairman Tolan of the House Committee on Defense Migration was correct in describing Washington as the "number one defense city in the United States” and in declaring that it should be a model for the rest of the Nation with respect to civilian defense and morale. From the testi mony given to his committee yester day by Commissioner Young and other local officials, however, it should be clear to Mr. Tolan and his colleagues that Washington is any thing but the" model defense city which it ought to be. And it is clear that this unfortunate deficiency is the result of a circumstance beyond its control. Commissioner Young put his finger on the trouble when he pointed out that although civilian defense in Washington is "a big prob lem,” which the city is expected to deal with "in a big way,” Congress to date has appropriated no funds specifically for that purpose. The Lanham Act is a not unusual example of how the needs of the un represented District too often are overlooked. Because that act con tained no specific mandate for in clusion of the District in its benefits, the Federal Works Agency at first made no provision for local defense projects and finally allotted only $2,400,000 of the $6,000,000 which the District urgently requested. Later, local officials asked for $1,000,000 from the Presidents $100,000,000 emergency fund, to be used for spe cial fire protection equipment, but Mr. Young told the committee he sees little hope of obtaining this amount. "They seem to think we should go along like other communi ties,” the Commissioner explained. But Washington cannot go along like other communities, because it is unique among the Nation’s munici palities. It cannot obligate itself to spend a cent without permission of j Congress. Its requests for funds are subject to review and revision by the Budget Bureau and dependent, in turn, upon the will and judgment of Congress. Despite these handicaps, the city has gone ahead with civilian defense preparations to the limit of available facilities and, considering financial handicaps, has made com mendable progress. If the Tolan committee can aid in expediting the allotment of adequate funds for Washington’s home protection pro gram, it will have earned the grati tude of anxious officials and of the citizens at large. ■ The year 1941 in Japanese nomen- ; clature was “the year of the sn&ke.” Remembering Pearl Harbor, that certainly seems, an appropriate designation—except that decent rep tiles give warning before they strike. Not Interested Asked at his press conference if he had discussed with congressional spokesmen the matter of authority for the transfer of Government agencies to be moved from .Washing ton, the President, according to pub lished reports, replied somewhat curtly that he was not interested in that question. This is an incident, possibly small in itself, that is illus trative of an attitude which underlies much of the controversy raised by the transfer order. As matters stand, the justification for the transfer rests solely on the assertion by the executive branch of the Government that such action is necessary. Efforts by members of Congress and by congressional com mittees to inquire into this asserted necessity have been bluntly rebuffed. An attempt to ascertain whether It might not be less expensive and more efficient to work out some other so lution of the space problem has made no progress because the executive branch has refused to make available the facts essential to such a study. Some members of Congress believe that the power to move Federal agencies from the seat of Govern ment rests with Congress, not the President, and the point at least is a debatable one. When the President dismisses it by saying that he is not interested, he merely tends to aggra vate a situation concerning which there need have been no controversy had it been wisely handled from the beginning. To a very large extent, the ill feel ing aroused by the transfer order arises from this tendency to place it on a “must” basis, and the seeming unwillingness to consider the feasi bility of any alternative. It is pos sible, of course, that the President is' right and that there is no alternative. bit it can hardly be doubted that tfcose employes who will have to pull up stakes and move would go more willingly if a proper showing of necessity were made. If the facts are available, what is the reason for withholding them from those who a'e directly and legitimately con cerned with the order? Compelling Inflation In declaring that the price-control bill passed by the Senate would com pel inflation, the President has taken a stand which indicates that the Senate’s version of the measure will not become law with his approval. This is as it should be, for the bill in Its present form is a thoroughly dan gerous piece of legislation. Under the Senate’s amendment, ceilings cannot be placed on farm prices until they have reached 120 per cent of parity, and parity is redefined so that industrial wages must be taken into account in its determination. Thus, the stage is set for higher and higher prices, with eventual inflation of a disastrous character. At 120 per cent of parity —a price which would bring the firmers 20 per cent more than their most favorable relative income—it is estimated that food prices, or some of them, would rise as much as 25 per cent over present levels. That, as the President pointed out, almost inevitably would result in demands fpr higher wages to meet increased living costs. And then, under the pew Senate formula, as wages mounted the farmers’ parity price vould have to be raised. This would require another upward hike in the price ceiling, followed by more wage demands and a viciously climbing spiral of living costs that would open tie door to economic chaos. It is to be hoped that this pro vision, together with the section giving the Secretary of Agriculture a veto power over agricultural price ceilings, will be deleted from the bill before it leaves Congress. If this is t> be done, however, the initiative nust be taken by the conferees ap pointed by the House to adjust the differences in the House and Senate versions of the bill. It is to them tnat the President’s forthright re marks primarily were addressed, and 1- is to them that the American peo ple, who have no desire to experience ne disasters of unrestrained infla tion, are looking for relief. The G. 0. P. in War Representative Joseph W. Martin, speaking as an individual and as thairman of the Republican National Committee, has outlined a wartime policy for the Republican party which is both rational and construc tive. Mr. Martin's views were set forth M a National Radio Forum address, m substance, he said that the func tion of the minority party in time of war is to co-operate with the major ity in its war program to the fullest rxtent consistent with the mainte nance of our constitutional form of government. Included in this reser \ation, he indicated, was retention *f the right of honest and intelligent criticism, freedom to oppose in good caith all proposals deemed to be un vise or harmful to the Nation's interests and the preservation of a rigorous minority political organi jation. It is possible, of course, that in sistence upon these reservations may lead to some abuses but, granting this to be the case, it seems quite evident that the occasional abuses which may creep into a vigorous minority policy will prove far less harmful than the pernicious conse quences that would follow the aban ,tor#aent or suppression of all oppo sition. * This undoubtedly was the thought ,hat Mr. Martin had in mind when he recalled President Wilson’s obser vation that “we do not need less criticism in time of war, but more ' * * it is hoped that criticism will be constructive, but better unfair at tack than autocratic repression * * • honesty and competence require no shield of secrecy.” It may be said with assurance that '.here is nothing in the picture of this country at war today which invali dates that counsel, given during the First World War. The present admin istration, like any other administra tion, requires the restraining influ ence of watchful opposition, and Mr. Martin is abundantly justified in casting his party for that role. Modern Romeo Recently the F. B. I. jailed a tuiful .when it apprehended a bespec tacled, mild-appearing man equipped with two served prison sentences, jne violated parole, twenty-eight aliases and nine wives. If asked for waivers on him, the Treasury un doubtedly would give him up as use less for income tax purposes, but other Federal agencies are expected to retire him permanently from a world obviously miscast for his spe cial talents. No doubt, if he insists on the favor, extra strong bars will be placed on his cell to keep away nine wives and the same number of mothers-in-law. This Romeo succeeded at any rate in avoiding the fatal flaw in the technique of the original Mr. Romeo Montague of Verona, who had so much trouble marrying Juliet be cause of her family’s objection to his name. Had it occurred to Mr. Montague to take even one alias, and stick to it, he could have quietly wedded Miss Capulet, exiting in a cloud of rice and old shoes'and leav ing Shakespeare holding the bag. One door to conquest that the Japs have so far been unable to open is the fortress of Corregidor. -i Richmond Proposal Called 'Stupid Blunder' Attorney Tells of Opposition To 'Do-Nothing Attitude' Of Patent Office Officials To the Editor of The Star: As a former member of the examining corps and as a member of the local patent bar, I have followed with great interest the editorials and various news Items which have appeared in your paper during the past several weeks unani mously opposing the removal of the Patent Office from the District of Colum bia. Allow me to express my apprecia tion and commendation on the firm stand that your paper has taken. There are several circumstances which strike me as very peculiar, to say the least. It is an undeniable fact that more spontaneous public opposition has arisen against removal of the Patent Office than against the removal of any other bureau, or all the rest of the bureaus combined for that matter, yet the Patent Office officials have not publicly opposed the proposed removal. Why? The story goes that the Patent Office offlcisl^vere told that the Patent Office would have tS be moved under the terms of an alleged Executive Order, but the order applied equally to the department heads of all other agencies involved, yet other de partment heads appeared before' con gressional committees to testify against, the proposed removal of their respective bureaus. This do-nothing-against-the removal attitude on the part of the Patent Office officials has led many members of the personnel to express the frank belief that they have been "sold down the river” for reasons unknown. To make matters worse, the Patent Office officials, in a dictatorial manner, have admonished the personnel not to oppose the proposed removal. Activities on the part of the Patent Office Society have been sought to be curbed by orders against anything in the nature of op position to the proposed removal. Such orders were plainly intended to intim idate the members of the society. Not withstanding orders to the contrary, the society held a meeting on last Friday. Much of the bitterness which has de veloped between the Patent Office officials and the personnel was orally ex hibited at said meeting as will be pointed out later. The compromise to move a part of the Patent Office to Richmond instead of moving all of it to New York City is, in my humble opinion, as stupid a blunder as the original removal order. It can not be denied in view of subsequent events that no investigation of suitable and adequate housing facilities for the oersonnel was made prior to the "Rich mond compromise." Even now there is no definite data upon which an answer either way can be given. Several mem bers of the personnel who have surveyed the possibilities have expressed the view that available housing in Richmond is neither suitable nor adequate for the needs of the hundreds who will be forced to move, unless Congress acts to halt the exodus. I feel convinced that an "official" survey of available housing facilities in Richmond will merely verify the many reports that have already filtered through to the effect that they are inadequate. Incidentally, the "Richmond com promise" was announced after the Senate and House Committees on the District of Columbia had begun to hold hearings to determine the necessity for moving any of the agencies concerned out of the city. It therefore seems to me that the compromise was most un fortunately premature and ill-timed. The meeting of the Patent Office So ciety was called last Friday for the purpose of passing certain resolutions opposing the proposed move to Richmond and also to make it clear that the com missioner of patents did not speak the sentiment of the personnel when he publicly stated that they were "recon ciled" to the move. The Patent Office officials were represented at the meeting by one of the assistant commissioners, who naturally opposed passing of the resolutions. However, he was loudly I booed and hissed when he tried to give those in attendance the usual blarney about accepting the move as a patriotic duty. He also told them that they would be moved to Richmond whether they liked it or not and that there was nothing that they could do that would prevent it. This was followed by more boos and hissing. Had the commissioner of patents personally attended the meeting the demonstration and course of events would have banished forever any mis apprehension on his part as to whether the personnel was “reconciled" to the move and would have compelled nothing short of a public retraction of an earlier statement made by him to that effect. Such statement has given the public an entirely erroneous picture of the true feeling in the Patent Office. An interesting sidelight of the meeting was the eviction of press photographers who took pictures of the proceedings. This was an extremely childish gesture on the part of the assistant commis sioner, but it will further serve to give the public some idea of the Patent Office mystery and the extent to which the patent officials are going to stifle publicity. WASHPATATTY. Proposes Enlistment of Children In Rubber Conservation Campaign. To the Editor of The Star: As a part of the great national de fense effort, it occurs to me that a material potential contribution lies in certain special services which can be rendered by the school children of the country. With current attention focused upon the vital need for conservation of rub ber, it appears obvious that one means of prolonging the life of tires would be to press our youngsters into the service of recovering from our less frequented streets and alleys scraps of metal, glass, wire, nails and other foreign articles which now take such a high daily toll of tires Coverage in any given locality could be insured by the allocation of areas to groups or individuals. Special receptacles could be desig nated for articles recovered and metals segregated for later collection and use. Reports could be solicited, schedules established, records kept and other prac tical means devised for Impressing upon the children the importance of their duties and thus encouraging them to the rendering of a service of real value in developing sincerity, vigilance and thoroughness in character. MRS. DE WITT C. RAMSEY. I THIS AND THAT — -* By Charles E. Tracewett. “O STREET. “Dear Sir: “As a stranger in Washington I have enjoyed immensely your column in The Evening Star. It has been my one con tact with my particular interests since coming here from Boston. There, living on a large place of about a hundred acres, I enjoyed for years the hobby of ornithology, both the land and water birds being abundant, as we lived near the shore. “The recent discussion in your column on bird feeding stations leads me to speak of some which we developed. For the chickadees we made little trapezes from split bamaboo stalks about 6 inches in length. Two bars, on^ above the other, suspended by a stout string from a branch and the hollow halves filled with suet and nuts, made the swinging trapezes to which these natural acro bats flocked. The squirrels were de finitely baffled by this arrangement and preferred popcorn balls at the wdndow boxes, an amusing sight (or I might say, ‘fight .) Two thatched, sturdy feed ing trays in protected corners of the house were other popular feeding places for a variety of r4nter birds. Banked with evergreens, these gave ample pro tection against the winter storms of our coast. Perhaps the most artistic feeder was the carved reproduction of a large fungus fastened to a tree trunk. At one ti’ae I had 17 mourning doves coming regularly to one of the ground feeders and these birds are rare in that vicinity. Quail abounded and for them we built blinds of evergreens and grain stalks, deep in the woods. After a winter storm we made frequent trips to these places to replenish them with food and to study the tracks made in the fresh snow. Each season held its delights and a bird diary kept for a number of years was exciting business in the spring. * * * * "A fascinating experience was during two months of enforced idleness after an Illness. A feeding station outside my window was a particular haunt of the chickadees. With tact and intrigue I gradually coaxed them into my room. Not because I loved them—but because they loved the walnut meats which they found first on the window sills, then on tables, chairs and dressers within the room, were they induced. Finally, one morning I was awakened by a. chickadee perched on the foot of my bed singing lustily. This came to be the first landing point in reference to sharing my breakfast and many of them came to my hand. There were in all about 30, swinging in and out through the open windows, singing and chattering and providing me with a great deal of amusement. Later, when I joined them out of doors again, they were fearless, alighting on my chair and typewriter, joining me for tea in the garden on the rim of their cup of sunflower seeds. Only my Scottie thought it a great waste of time and devotion. * * * * "Arden, my home, was a natural haunt of wild life, a paradise that will not come again. At the moment of de parting when we had sold it after my father’s death, there was nothing at all In the house except one thing. In a corner* of my room I had left a large container of bird food, with the request that those who had' bought the place would not break faith with the birds. It would, I thought, be a tragedy to neglect them as well as the loss of a great deal of fun to the new owners. Then I filled all the feeders and ran down to the brook deep in the woods for a last moment. There the veeries sang ‘Goodbye’—and I walked out of a dream. “As I miss these things so much, would you be so kind as to tell me if there is an Audubon Society in Washington, or any ornithological activities such as field trips? And thank you again for the pleasure of your column. “Very truly yours, D. D. F.” The agile young birds on our corre spondent's " split-bamboo trapeze must have presented a pretty sight. This is a good idea, and might be worked out In various ways. The larger the bamboo, the larger the troughs in which food could be placed. Two or more bars might be used. It might be a good idea in case numerous squirrels were around, to use wires instead of cortis to hang the bars together. In this way if one of the active rodents managed to get a footing he would not necessarily wreck the whole thing. Our squirrels, we feel sure, would manage it, somehow * * * * Suet and nuts, or suet and sunflower seed, would make good filler. Suet may be melted and poured into such arrangements just as it is made up into balls in which seeds and grains are mixed. A few of these dainty feeding stations would permit many of the smaller birds to eat in peace. That is why the coconut feeder, so often mentioned here, is a good arrange ment. If hung in a tree or from the center of a gate it offers such birds as the nuthatch, chickadee and titmouse a splendid opportunity to dash in and out. The fact that squirrels like to try their paws at it will be a drawback only to those persons who resent these animals at bird feeding stations. • * * • The Audubon Society of the District of Columbia is quite active, and persons interested in bird life are eligible for membership. Perusal of The Star any Saturday afternoon will reveal the activities of various hiking clubs and often there will be announcements of bird walks led by distinguished ornithologists. Washington has always been a great bird city owing to its thousands of shade trees. While the city, unfortunately, does not have as many trees as it used to have, there still are hundreds of them, and to these the birds flock the year around. The National Capital is still a city of parks, trees and birds, an unrivalled combination whfch we must all do our part to preserve in the difficult days ' ahead. Letters to the Editor Tells of History and Beauty Of Malay Peninsula. To thf Editor of Tbf 8t»r: Pointing, as it does, directly at the fabulously wealthy East Indies like a sharp lance head, the Malaya Peninsula j offers to its possessor, today as always, j the control of the rich trade from China, I Japan and the Spice Islands passing ' through the Straits of Malacca to India and more distant Europe. The Alexandrian geographer, Ptolemy, wrote first of this important and far- | away region in 140 A.D., and he got his information from sailors and merchants of Southern India. From the 7th to the 13th century all i of Indonesia was dominated by the Hindu-Buddhist empire of Srivijava. The •‘Arabian Nights" calls an emperor of this epoch the "King of the Moun tain and Lord of the Isles" because he governed his empire from a mountain throne. Chinese colonists settled on his | lands and then increasing numbers of , Mohammedans arrived. But the original i inhabitants have survived all changes to this day. The "King of the Mountain" controlled the Straits of Malacca and its lucrative transient trade. Following him the Mo hammendans dominated the passage un il the Portuguese ejected them in 1511. The Dutch superseded the Portu guese in 1641 only to yield in 1786 to Englishmen who still remain in 1942. Prior to the coming of the English men the town of Malacca, located right on the straits, served as the center from whence the water passage was dom inated. In 1819, however, Sir Stamford Raffles moved the center to an island off the tip of the Malay Peninsula which he purchased from the local rulers. There he founded the city of Singapore, today as large as Washington, D. C., and one of the 10 busiest seaports in the world. Running northward from this stra tegically placed seaport through the middle of the'steaming jungles of the Malayan mainland is a ridge of moun tains that stretches away to the lofty Himalayas of Tibet. As a result, while hot and sultry, Singapore is only a few miles from the equator, not many hours distant in Malaya there are pine trees. Men seldom have had time to see the loveliness that exists in Malaya. They always have ignored the natural beauty of the Malaya Peninsula in favor of its natural wealth and position. WILLIAM ROBERT KAPP. Quotes Tanaka Memorandum On Japanese World Conquest. To the Editor of The Star: Just how long are we going to permit the Japanese to slap us in the face, as exemplified by the deliberate and wanton bombing of Manila after it was declared an open city? The Japanese despise us. They are fighting us today with ships and ma terials sold them by people .in thij country. • £ know thd" Japanese. I have studied them in Japan, in the Philippines and in Hfcwali. I have in my possession a copy of a “secret memorial” concerning Man churia, Mongolia, China, the Philippines, the United States and the world, sub mitted to the Japanese Emperor by Gen. Tanaka (then Premier or Japan) in. 1927. With your indulgence I will quote a few paragraphs from it: “In the future, if Letters to the Editor must bear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. The Star reserves the right to edit all letters with a view to condensation. we want to control China, we must first crush the United States, just as in the past we had to fight in the Russo Japanese War. But in order to conquer China we must first conquer Manchuria and Mongolia. In order to conquer the world we must first conquer China. If we succeed in conquering China the rest of the Asiatic countries and the South Sea countries will fear us and surrender to us. Then The world w’ill realize that Eastern Asia is ours and will not dare to violate our rights. This is the plan left to us by Emperor Meiji. the success of which is essential to our national existence." Also: “The way to gain actual rights in Manchuria and Mon golia is to use this region as a base and under the pretense of trade and com merce penetrate the rest of China. Armed by the rights already secured we shall seize the resources all over the country. Having China's entire resources at our disposal we shall proceed to con quer India, the Archipelago, Asia Minor, Central Asia and even Europe.” When are we going to avenge Manila by bombing Kobe, Osaka and Tokio? I wish to God I were not 77 years old, I would tackle the job myself. T. WARREN ALLEN. Complains About Conditions In Puerto Rico. To the Editor of The Star: I take exception to Frank Buckley’s exception to Stephen Trumbrill's articles on Puerto Rico, which, I believe, are 75 per cent true. Mr. Buckley seems to favor the party now in power. No doubt the last party was corrupt (which one isn’t?), but the present one is more so. The promises made by it went into reverse. During the last administration there were occa sional trash and garbage collections. In the past three months there has been only one. The trash, etc., is kept In gaso line drums or thrown in a field and sometimes burned. Talk about sanita tion! The poverty and filth are appalling. There is no tax on dogs, so the island is overrun with them, also with beggars. The natives will not speak English un less absolutely necessary. The majority, including the educated ones, say they are Puerto Ricans and not Americans. Americans are accused of spoiling the servants by giving them living wages. The usual wage is from $2 to *6 per month; $15 is considered a fabulous sum. There are no good roads. One has been under construction in this town for the past year. A native remarked: “At the rate they are working it will take 30 years to finish.” One can get by In San Juan without Spanish, but never In a small town. Nothing is ever done when it should be. It it always “manana.” All these things I see daily. ^ KEEN OBSERVER. Arecibo/ Puerto Rico. I Haskin's Answers To Questions By Frederic J. Has kin. A reader can get the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp jor reply. Q. How does illiteracy in Japan com pare with that in the United States?— G. A. C. A. According to the latest available figures, the percentage of illiterates in Japan is 10 per cent; In the United States 43 per cent. Q. Where can I find the quotation about "casting bread upon the waters" ? O. F. Y. A. It is in the Bible. “Cast thy bread upon the waters; for thou shalt find it after many days" is from Ecclesiastes, chapter xi, verse 1. Q. Will you be good enough to tell me whether or not there was a Nazi party in Holland before its occupation by the Germans?—W. M. S. A. There was apparently a small Nazi party in Holland before the German occupancy of that country. It was known as the National Socialist party and nevei had over 10,000 members. Successful Public Speaking— This is an era of public speaking. Men and women in all walks of life are participating actively in the life of the community through membership in some club or or ganization. Many intelligent per sons sit silent in meetings because of their lack of self-confidence. SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC SPEAK ING, our 32-page publication, was written to help the average person overcome this nervousness and to develop poise and confidence. To secure your copy of this booklet inclose 10 cents in coin, wrapped in this clipping, and mail to The Star Information Bureau, Name Address Q. How many men are there at the present time holding the rank of full general in the United States Army?— I. J. Q. A. Since the recent nomination of Lt. Gen. Douglas MacArthur by President Roosevelt for the rank of general in the Army of the United States, two full generals are on active duty, the other being Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff. Gen. John J. Pershing, while not on active duty, has never been placed on the retired list. Q. Is Julia Marlowe the actress' real name? How mainy times was she mar ried?— D. C. O. A. Her real name is Sarah Frances Frost. She first married Robert Taber, whom she divorced in 1900. Eleven years later she married E. H. Sothem. Q Which is the oldest comic strip?— J. P. A. The oldest of the comic strips are the ‘Katzenjammer Kids,” by H. H. Knerr. and the “Captain and the Kids.” by Rudolph Dirks, both of which are descendants of the “Katzenjammer Kids,” started by Dirks in 1897. Q. What is the cost of a battleship of 35 000 tons?—J. N. A. The Navy Department says that the approximate unit cc*t of a battle ship (35.000-tom is *60.000.000. Q. I would appreciate your telling me which is correct, "The avenue is lit up,” or "The avenue is lighted up."—D. K. A. It is said of the preposition “up" that it is used unnecessarily more frequently than any preposition in English. The sentence about which you have inquired should read, "The avenue is lighted,” or “The avenue is lit." The past of the verb "to light" assumes two forms which are indicated above. Q. Did many Hessians remain in this country after the revolution?—J. C. M. A. Nearly 30.000 Hessians were brought to the United States and nearly 13,000 of these never returned to Germany. A small proportion were killed or died of wounds. Many died of sickness and others deserted, but the remainder settled in America at the end of the war. Q Please tell me if one of Matthew Arnold s daughters married an Ameri can— H. C. T. A. The elder daughter of Matthew Arnold, Miss Lucy Arnold, married F. W. Whitridge of New York City. Q. Where did the battle between the Alabama and the Kearsarge occur?— A. T. I. • A. The Alabama had put into Cher bourg, Prance, for refueling and over haul. Before this was completed the Kearsarge arrived. The battle took place within sight of land. Special excursion trains were run from Paris and on June 19, 1864, the bluffs near the city were packed with spectators to see the fight. The Old Barn The old barn, standing half-way up the hill, Has sheltered stock these many winters past: Bereft of paint, its rugged timbers breast The sun and snow alike; secure from wind Its gabled loft is haven for the flock Of pigeons that fly in and out. The stalls Are thickly bedded with the golden straw ;• Saved from the harvest of last sea son's grain. The chickens make their nests be neath the hay In the low mangers, and the Jersey cow Licks her new calf. There is the pleasant sound Of horses munching corn. The farm lad, goes About his chores methodically; the day Is cold, and blustery, there is fio need To hurry through the work; he takes his time. The barn is snug and warm, a\id there is joy In tending stock, for every country boy. '—BILLY B. COOPER. ** U.