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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. -.— 11 1 11 ' ■■■' 1 I" ■ ■ Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 18. An Evening Newspaper With the Full Day's News LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN Associated Press and (4>> Wirephotos, North American Newspaper Alliance. Chicago Daily News Foreign Service and The Star’S Stair Writers, Reporters and Photographers. Msaris Associated Press. \ * \ 90th YEAR. No. 35,687. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1942 THREE CENTS. M'Arthur Repels 2 Jap Attacks; U. S. Planes Hit Foe Off Borneo; Wavell Opens Drive in Sarawak Two Enemy Lighters Destroyed Near Tarakan Isle Gen. Douglas MacArthur's be leaguered forces in tl\e Batan Peninsula of Luzon Island fought off two more Japanese attacks today, the War Department re ported. adding that American bombing planes had blasted an enemy naval force engaged in landing operations in the area of Tarakan Island, just northeast of Dutch Borneo. A further widening of Japanese operations in the Philippines indi cated that enemy advance bases are being established in Mindanao and Jolo. a small island about 100 miles southwest in the Philippine group, indicating preparations to intensify the attack on the Netherlands Indies and Malaya. Gen. Sir Archibald P. Waved, commander in chief of the new Allied Tar East command, has ar rived in the Netherlands Indies and already launched a series of dynamic counterblows against Japanese in vasion forces, military dispatches from Batavia said. Dutch troops were reported mov ing into action on the border of the “White Rajah kingdom of Sara wak. where Japanese troops had adzed the capital. Kuching, and most of the northern territory. Gen. Waved's second in command, Lt. Gen. George H. Brett, former chief of the United States Army Air Corps, arrived at the same time to help direct strategy for the Indies' fighting defense. It was not re vealed where Gen. Waved's head quarters would be. Japanese Losses Heavy. Reporting on the military situa tion as of 9:30 am., the official communique said the defending American and Philippine forces on Gen. MacArthur's front had re pulsed the two Japanese attacks with heavy losses. American cas ualties were comparatively light. The Japanese apparently tried to recover ground lost in yester day's smashing defeat when 11 bat teries were silenced and tank forces repulsed. Today's attacks were described as of a determined nature by large forces of reconnaissance troops. Air bombers supported the Japanese ground troops, but made no attacks on Corregidor Fortress. In the Netherlands Indies. Ameri can bombing planes co-operated with the Dutch forces and swooped down on Japanese naval landing forces in the little oil island several miles northeast of Dutch Borneo. Two enemy lighters were destroyed. Unfavorable weather conditions, however, made it difficult to deter mine full results of the attack. The American planes after drop ping their bombs returned undam aged to an undesignated base. The attack by these planes prob ably occurred at least 24 hours be fore the time the communique was drafted, competent military ob servers said. The delay in the re port here probably was due. it was said, to the pressure on communica tion connections with the Indies theater. IS Japanese Killed. An Indies communique said 18 Japanese were killed in preliminary skirmishes on the Sarawak frontier with the loss of only one Dutch soldier. Netherlands Indies soldiers were also reported battling hand-to-hand with Japanese invaders near Lake Tondano. on the northeast tip of Celebes Island. A Tokio broadcast said yesterday that Japanese forces had captured Kakas airdrome at Menado, chief port in Minahassa Peninsula. Celebes Island, across the Celebes Sea from Borneo. Simultaneously. Dutch warplanes bombed Japanese-occupied Tarakan Island, off the cost of Dutch North Borneo, and a Japanese base in the Southern Philippines. A direct hit was scored on one ship at Tarakan, a Dutch communique said. The Philippine base was presum ably Davao, on Mindanao Island. 600 miles south of Manila, which the Japanese were believed using as a • See FAR EAST. Page A-6 1 You and An Air Raid The series of articles which ran in The Star, describing precautions for the safety of your home and family in an •snergency, has been reprinted In pamphlet form. Decision to print the pamphlet was in response to many requests from air-raid wardens, build ing wardens and others in the civilian defense organization as well as from readers. The pamphlet bears official Indorsement from Mayor La Guardia. director of civilian defense, and from Col. Lemuel Bolles, executive director of District civilian defense. Copies, singly or in quan tity, can be obtained at the flrst-floor counter of The Star Building at 2 cents a copy, slightly less than the cost of sprinting. ^ Mail orders for copies should be addressed to “You and an ^lr Raid” Editor, in care of The Star. Five cents should be inclosed for each copy, to rover the cost of postage and handling. p-— — -» —..- ■ ' 1 ■ — Dutch Fought Japs at Tarakan In Midst of Blazing Oil Wells Defenders Fired Stocks When Weight Of Foe's Drive Seemed to Doom Isle By the Associated Press. BATAVIA, Netherlands East Indies. Jan 14.—The heroic last stand of the Tarakan garrison, which fought ?ven after being com pletely surrounded by Japanese under heavy iir bombardment and in the midst of enormous heat and Are from burning oil wells, was told by authoritative quarters today. Only a small part of the garrison' escaped alive, after the island had been overrun by Japanese who landed from an armada of 15 trans ports 6 heavy cruisers, 6 destroyers ' and other vessels, it was said. This authoritative account of the Russians Reported Advancing to 100 Miles of Smolensk Whole Front in Motion After Collapse of Nazi Wing, Reds Declare By the Associated Press. Russian troops were reported ad vancing within 100 miles of Adolf Hitlers winter headquarters at Smolensk today, while in the south. Red Army forces were pictured as storming at the outer gates of Kharkov, Russia's ‘Pittsburgh" in the Ukraine. Soviet military dispatches said collapse of a German wing defend ing a flank of the Moscow-to Mozhaisk highway had knocked out the Germans’ “last zone of positional warfare' before Moscow and that “the whole front is now in motion." The Russians declared that Hitler's reeling armies had lost 200 000 killed between November 16 and January 6. with 20.000 slain in recent fighting in the Donets River industrial basin. Soviet troops were described as now battering heavily against Ger man defenses at Mozhaisk itself. 57 miles west of Moscow, where a Nazi garrison of 100.000 men still, held out despite the danger of being trapped by Russion pincers closing in from the north and south. German military quarters ac- j knowledged that the Russians had broken into Mozhaisk lines Sunday, but asserted they were dislodged in a counterattack which cost the Rus sians 300 dead. Climax of North Drive. A military writer in the Moscow newspaper Izvestia said the fall of Gorokhovo near Mozhaisk signal ized the collapse of the German wing in the sector nearest Moscow. The writer, a Col. Boltin, said Gorokhovo was taken in the course of more than a month of a counter offensive in which the Red Army attacked along a line between Gor okliovo and Kubinka which' extend ed across the Moscow-Mozhaisk highway. At the same time the Germans’ Mozhaisk salient was menaced more than ever by the capture of Kirov, about 100 miles southwest of Mozhaisk. The battle for this rail junction in the heart of the Mo zhaisk - Smolensk - Bryansk triangle left the streets littered with Nazi dead, the Russians announced. Kirov is about 100 miles southwest ! of Mizhaisk, 100 miles southeast of j Smolensk and 80 miles north of Bryansk, the lower anchor of a prospective German winter line al ready penetrated by the recapture last week end of Lyudinovo. On the northern front. Staraya Russa. near Lake Ilmen. 130 miles < See RUSSIAN. Page A-6.) 23.000 Jap Corpses Found On Hunan Battlefield By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING. China. Jan. 14.— Twenty-three thousand Japanese corpses have been counted on the battlefields of North Hunan Province since the abortive campaign against Changsha began, a Chinese high command communique said today. A Chinese spokesman yesterday estimated the total Japanese cas ualties in the Changsha campaign at 45.000 to 50.000. Today s communique added that 3.000 Japanese troops were attacking Chinese positions west of Canton, in Kwangtung Province. No details were given on the progress of the fighting. > battle, the first to come from the small oil-bearing island off North east Borne;, was fnade available through Ar.ta, Netherlands Indies news agency : “After the Japanese for some time, at regular j itervals, had carried out ait attacks on Tarakan, it became clear In the middle of last week that they aimed :o capture the island. “On the j-iorning of January 8 the Japanese r ’ided the place and were greeted wifi a heavy anti-aircraft barrage, rne of their planes was hit and crashed and the entire crew lost thair 1 ves. The few remaining bombers atacked a ship of the Royal Ne'herlanc Navy lying off Tarakan without dong any damage. Ta.> Transports Hit. "On Fri-ay. January 9. two at tacks wer> carried out by eight bombers w tich also did not succeed in damagh g the Netherlands war ship appreciably. Some bombs which larded close to the ship wounded .vine members of the crew. “At abot> noon on Friday a large fleet was -bserved 15 miles east of the southe nmost f5oint of the island of Tarakat—which point is called Tandjoenj Batoe This fleet con sisted of six heavy cruisers, six destroyers various transport ships and one tinker. "At abort five o'clock in the after noon. 15 transport ships, protected by Japanese naval vessels, ap proached he southernmost point of the island "Natura lv. this enemy fleet was not left u imloested. and bombers of the Netlvrlands Indies Army Air Force attacked the transports and scored seyra! successes. Two direct hits were scored on transport ships, and a n**r miss was scored on a heavy cryser. while no fewer then three ene/iv planes were shot down by Nethejiand Indies aircraft. Invaders Land. “Meanwhile, it .appeared that at the sam« time preparations were made to and troops in the neigh borhood rt Amal. on the east coast of the isltnd. “In th» early morning of Sunday the Japa<ese began to land troops at Tandj»eng Batoe and Amal. In the aftetsioon the situation had be come su;h that our troops had formed , front south and east of the towr of Tarakan. "The protective garrison at Amal had to vithdraw after having in flicted Ivavy losses on the enemy, after whch the Japanese began to advance toward the oil fields and attacked “Originlly the Japanese succeeded in break ng through, but, by throw ing in reserves our troops succeeded in throw Jig back the enemy, so that on Sunday night the entire front was re<jvered and the defense formed rne uninterrupted line in a half-cime around Tarakan. “The Japanese continuously poured j'i new troops and succeeded in breaking through our lines on Monday "Mearwhile. when it had become clear th*t the Japanese would drive with superior forces, orders had been given to destroy the oil wells, tanks, j pumps, emaining oil stocks of the | island fid everything which might be valu^ole to the enemy. This all occurret according to plans prepared long be ore. The destruction was already :ompleted on Sunday morn ing. In.ies Forces Surrounded. “On lionday. the Japanese, after a hard battle with heavy losses on both sices, had advanced so far that j they hal surrounded the remaining, NetherUnd Indies forces which were fightinp at several points. "Und r heavy air bombardment and un.ler the enormous heat of the burning oil. the Tarakan garrison was ov rrun. A small part of the garrisoii succeeded in escaping to the mainland of Borneo. "The object—preventing a single drop o. oil from falling into enemy hands- had been accomplished de spite t.*e heavy odds and great ef forts oh the part of the enemy. The garrisoi of Tarakan fully did its duty. "In he meantime, the army air force .ontinued raiding the Jap anese ships, and several successes have leen scored. No fewer than four t an.sport ships received direct hits." . Nelson Helping Write Order on Production Job President to Make One-Man Control of Industry Complete Seeking to establish unqualified legal authority, the White House aaid today that the executive order creating the new War Production Board is being drafted in such way as to give Donald M. Nelson com plete and concentrated control of the Nation’s industrial effort. President Roosevelt's Intention to set up this agency and to place Mr. Nelson in the key spot for directing an intensified production program was announced by the White House last night, before the actual draft ing of the executive order and the legal creation of the new organiza tion. In Conference on Draft. Today, Stephen T. Early, secretary to the President, said that Mr. Nel son is being consulted on the draft ing of the order with a view to incorporating in it the legal founda tion for the administrative structure which he prefers, and with a view to assuring him of the single-handed control which is intended. The creation of one-man produc tion control—a step long urged on j Mr Roosevelt by his friends and critics alike—momentarily distracted the Capital's attention from the Pacific war fronts, ft promised initiative in the production field where lies the allied hope for ulti mate victory. It was with high interest that Washington received President Roosevelt's surprise announcement. Only a few hours earlier Mr. Nelson, former mail order executive, had made plain that his goal was To substitute “too much, too soon'' for the old “too little, too late'' cry that has dogged Allied arms. Criticized for "Too Much.’’ "Were going to build so many planes and tanks." he said, speak ing in his old role as O. P. M.'s priority director, "that when this is all over those of us who had any thing to do with it are going to be criticized because we built too much." Now the big. bulky, bespectacled man will have everything to do with it. In announcing his decision to es tablish the new War Production Board. Mr. Roosevelt said it would have the powers now exercised by the Supply Priorities and Alloca tions Board and that Vice Presi dent Wallace as well as the other present members of S. P. A. B. irould serve on it. Mr. Nelson has been S. P. A. B.'s executive director. Besides being chairman of the board. Mr. Nelson "will be charged with the direction of the produc tion program and have general su pervision over all production agen cies.” the White House said. "His decision as to questions of procure ment and production will be final. “Mr. Nelson will report to the President as to the progress of the program. He will no longer serve as director of the <0. P. M.> privi ties division but will devote his en tire time to directing the produc tion program.” One-Man Control. “There is the one-man control." Secretary Early remarked as he read the announcement. Mr. Wallace likewise emphasized this concentration of authority as he and Mr. Nelson left the White House following a late afternoon conference with the President. The Vice President referred to the new setup as one which has been sought for a long time, and ex pressed full confidence that the entire administrative structure of the production program will fit ; “ (See PRODUCTIONrPage A-6>“ j --— I Gandhi's Party Cancels Its Annual Session By ft*# Associated Press. WARDHA, India. Jan. 14.—The Working Committee of the All-India Congress Party decided today that the party's annual session, which, usually comes in Apri). would not be held this year, because of the war situation. , Air-Raid Alarm The Office of Civilian Defense for the Metropolitan Area has asked The Star to publish for the information of the public these air-raid signals for the entire region, including nearby Virginia and Maryland: Alarm—Five short blasts at half-second intervals, sounded three consecutive times, a total of 15 blasts: All clear—Three long blasts of one and one-half seconds each. Whole Axis Applecart Is Reported Upset By Nazi War Machine's Defeats in Russia BJ the Associated Press. Germany's reverses on the Rus sian front have upset the whole Axis F.pplecart. usually reliable informants reported from Europe today; They traced to the plight of the Nazi armies on the eastern front the following: 1. That Turkey still bars the Dar danelles to Axis warships. 2. Tliat Axis reinforcements for North Africa have not traveled through France aiid Spain; 3. That signs of dissension have appeared among Germany's satellite allies. Germany, wanting to get the Italian fleet through the Dardanelles to attack the Russian Black Sea naval base of Sevastopol, has inten sified pressure on Turkey for free use of the straits, these sources said. The pointed out that Nazi troops aRain ire concentrating in Bulgaria, that planes are being massed in Greecr and that other preparations are uj'der way similar to those of the B; lkan campaign a year ago. But they said, there is one differ ence—the concentrations are smaller becau-e the bulk of the Nazi army is occupied trying to hold the Rus sian ront. Wh'ther Germany would try mili tary fCtion to win Turkish conces sions, they said, appeared to depend large]*’ on how far^he Soviet front can )-e stabilized within the next few weeks. Mil tarv observers said reorgan ization of the German army com mand and the degree to which the Nazis Balkan allies can be induced to participate also were factors. Reports of travelers from France and other parts of Europe indicated the extent of German efforts to remedy the Russian situation. Nazi troops recently moved into Trance and to the Spanish frontier were battle-scarred soldiers from the eastern front, they said, replacing fresh troops which were moved into Balkan and Russian areas. In some military quarters this was regarded as an indication that French and Spanish opposition, at least momentarily, has checked a Nazi plan of transit via that route to Africa. Evidence of Nazi efforts to strengthen and unify the Axis allies —who also have lost heavily in Russia—was seen in the trip Italian Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo (See AXIS, Page A-6.) AlfLSON ' 'He Put in His Thumb and He Pulled Out a Plum . . Plans (or Rationing 600,CIJ Autos Now In Stock Revealed Henderson Says U. S. May Approve Sales on Orders i Made Before Jan. 1 Bv j. A. FOX. Plans have been made for the rationing of between 600 000 and 700.000 new automobiles already in stock. Price Administrator Leon Henderson said today, and in addi tion the Government is planning to permit automobile dealers to dis pose of cars for which "bona-fide" sales contracts had been negotiated before January 1. Mr. Henderson told the House Small Business Committee that new cars produced the remainder of this month would be held for at least one year to meet future needs. Appearing as a witness at the hearing from which the committee seeks to shape a program to aid the retail automobile business, which is menaced by the shut-down on production. Mr. Henderson also emphasized that every effort is to be made to keep used-car dealers going, and to provide adequate sup plies for repairs. These measures have been advocated by the dealers as basically necessary to give some relief. Relief Plans Being Drafted. Responding to a question by Rep resentative Halleck. Republican, of Indiana. Mr. Henderson also said arrangements were being worked out to aid dealers who want to dispose of their new-car stores quickly in stead of waiting to make sales under the rationing program which is to be put in effect—probably in the next two weeks. The same applies to tire supplies, which have been rationed, the price administrate said. New-car production the balance of this month. Mr. Henderson said, is estimated at 130.000 to 140.000 units. Of the cars to be rationed. 550.000 to 600,000 are new cars which were in stock on January 1. when the present freezing went in effect, and 65,000 to 75,000 are cars produced to date this month. Tentative Price Schedule. Under a tentative price-ceiling schedule for these stocks, the total price will be the manufacturer's list price, plus the Federal excise tax and allowance for transportation and a charge for handling and de livery figured at 5 per cent of the list price. In addition, dealers will get 1 per cent a month on the list price as a storage charge. The rationing machinery is ex pected to be the same as that used for tires. Mr. Henderson explained. Representative Hall. Republican., of New York, wanted to know if there was any intention to ration used-car stocks. "I asked to be relieved of answer ing that question before Senator Murray's committee (Senate Small Business Committee'," the witness responded. "If you say you're not, and something happens and you have to, you are accused of bad faith. If you sav 'yes.' you run into ; all sorts of complications." Mr. Henderson added that proper i steps would be taken to aid the dealers affected. Question Passed. "So you have this matter under consideration, but have reached no decision?" Mr. Hall pressed. Mr. Handerson passed that ques (See BUSINESS. Page A~-3 ) Fred Fisher, Composer, Found Hanging in Home BT tic Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 14 —The body of Fred Fisher. 65. music publisher and composer of moie than a uou sand songs, including many familiar | hits of former years, was found hanging today in the bedroom of his penthouse apartment in West End avenue. Mr. Fisher, credited with having written such widely known songs as ••Dardenella," "Ireland Must Be Heaven,” “Peg O’ My Heart.” "Fifty Million Frenchmen Can’t Be Wrong.” “Auf Wiedersehn” and “Ma. He’s Making Eyes at Me,” had been in 111 health for several years. He had been president of the Fred Fisher Music Co. since 1907. Police of the West 100th Street Station reported finding a note on a dresser, which said in part, "No one is responsible.” Germans Take Revenge On Lofoten Residents By the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM. Sweden. Jan 14 In new reprisals for British raids on Norway's Lofoteu Islands. German occupation authorities on the islands have destroyed by fire some 40 build ings belonging to Norwegians who went to England, and confiscated all i their property, advices from Norway i said today. Some 100 men. representing all the male relatives of Norwegians who went to England to carry on the fight against Germany, were said to have been placed in a German con centration camp. Britain's Commandos made their initial raid on the Lofoten Islands, ofT Norway's coast above the Arctic Circle, last March. Eleven German ships were sunk. Stories of Nazi Unrest May Be Attempt to Lull America, Knox Warns German War Machine Still World's Greatest, Ke Reminds Natiqn By CLAUDE A. MAHONEY. Secretary of the Navy Knox told a press conference today that Ger manv still has the “greatest military machine in the world.” and warned the Nation that stories of internal unrest in Germany mav be a psy chological weapon used by the Nazis to impede America's war effort. He pointed out that the stories or iginated in countries controlled by Germany. “I think T see why.” he said. *'I have a sasnicion that these stories are designed to take the fine edge off our own energy and sense of urgency. If they can convince a number of people in this country that Germany is washed up. our war effort naturally will grow less." He pointed out that the Nazis are adept in the use of psychological weapons. Mr. Knox said he believed there had been a shake-up in the Ger man high command, probably like the one in 1938. but added that a mere change of officers does not mean that the military machine is breaking up. Sees Retreat as No Rout. ‘‘I think they made a retirement in Russia, not a rout,” he said. ”The Nazis still have the greatest mili tary machine in the world. It has not been destroyed, but has had a crimp put in it. It is unwise to assume that it has fallen apart.” He said Germany had renewed propaganda activity in South Amer ica before the convocation of the Rio de Janeiro conference, opening tomorrow, but he believed little progress was made. Secretary Knox, still discussing stories and claims of the Axis, turned to Japanese claims which Included sinking of the aircraft-car rier Lexington. He said the Japanese made a practice of putting out stories likp that in an effort to draw informa tion from the United States. Racial Problem Called Army’s. | Discussing further activities in | the Pacific. Secretary Knox said ; there was a tremendous racial prob lem in the Hawaiian Islands. Quot ing from a prepared table. Secre ! tarv Knox said that of a total of 423.300 persons there 157.905 were Japanese or persons of Japanese stock, comprising 37.3 per cent of the total. There are 103.791 Cau casians. the remainder of the popu lation being made up as follows: (See KNOX, Page A-6.) Hill's Defense Rests, Offers No Witnesses; Case Nearing Jury Justice Letts Denies Motion for Directed Verdict of Acquittal Without presenting a single de fense witness, counsel for George Hill, on trial in District Court under two charges of perjury, rested their case today and the jury was to hear one-hour summations by each side this afternoon Justice F. Dickinson Letts indi cated he would place 'the case of the second secretary to Represent ative Fish, Republican, of New York, in the hands of the jury tomorrow morning after delivering his instruc tions. The surprise defense move came in the sixth trial day immediately after Justice Letts had denied a defense motion for a direct verdict of acquittal The jurist said, after studying this motion overnight, that he believed evidence against Hill 1 was such he needed to hear no I counter argument by the prose | cution. Defense Attorney John J. O'Con nor. former member of the House from New York, announced that he would put no witnesses on the stand to dispute the Government's case. Justice Letts replied: "Very well, are there prayers to be considered?" Instructions Discussed. Attorneys advanced to the bench and for a full hour discussed re quests for instructions by the judge to the jury. At 11:15 am. Justice Letts announced a recess until 1 p.m.. when counsel would reassem ble. and said the jury would be called into the courtroom to hear including arguments after 1:30 p.m. Mr. Hill is on trial on two counts of perjury: tl) That he falsely told the grand jury which was investi gating Nazi activities that he did not know George Sylvester Viereck. registered German agent, and <2> that he did not order certain mail bags placed in a storeroom assigned to Representative Fish. The Gov ernment contends these bags came from the office here of Prescott Dennett, whom the prosecution claimed received contributions from Viereck for his isolationist Islands for War Debts Committee. Mr. Fish, who said he was advis ing Mr. Hill at the time he was ap pearing before the grand jury, did not make an appearance at the trial. O'Connor Mentioned Fish. On October 24. when Mr. Hill was indicted. Attorney O’Connor, who served in the House with Mr. Fish, told Justice T. Alan Goldsborough in District Court: "I am here to plead Congressman Fish not guilty.” Representative Fish thereupon was quoted as telling the Associated “ (See HILL, Page A-6.) British Broadcast Marks Niemoeller's Birthday By the Associated press. NEW YORK. Jan. 14.—In a Ger man-language broadcast, the Brit ish Broadcasting Co. today cele brated the 50th birthday anni versary of Rev. Martin Niemoeller. fiery Lutheran minister who last was reported held in the Nazi con centration camp at Dachau. Feature of the broadcast, as heard here by N. B. C., was a re cording of Niemoeller's 1937 New Year sermon, in which he took for his topic the "Dechristianizatiori I of the true Confessional Church" by those "who are on top—the lorces of the evil who despotically ! govern us.” Summary of Today's Star Foreign. Delegations at Rio strike 2 obstacles before parley opens. Page A-2 Flynn charges Martin with partisan politics. Page A-3 Notional. 1 Order would give Nelson complete production control. Page A-l . Knox says Germany's war machine still leads. Page A-l Treasury ousts five officers of Gen j eral Aniline Corp. Page A-4 I Civilian ‘jeep' suggested in auto | shortage. Page A-4 ' Woshington and Vicinity. : Washington easy to find from air, | says La Guardia. Page A-l 1.900 books collected here in victory campaign. Page A-2 First rent law prosecution appears 'imminent. Page B-l Blackouts wont stop classes at G. W. U. Page B-l Stanley takes speakership as Vir ginia House organizes. Page B-l 24-hour school watch reduced to 20 buildings. Page B-l Child burned to death, seven injured in day’s fires. Page B-l Miscellany. Births and Deaths. Page A-» Nature's Children. Page A-12 Marriage Licenses. Page B-2 Army Orders. Page B-4 La Guardia Asks More Protection For Capital More Police, Firemen And Fire Hose Needed, He Tells House Group By J. A. O'LEARY. Describing Washington as an easy spot to find from the air. Mayor La Guardia, director of civilian defense, told a House committee today Con gress must provide the District with more protection. He said additional policemen and firemen were badly needed to cope with the effects of an air raid. Stanchly defending what tha Office of Civilian Defense already has done, the Mayor also revealed that he soon will give up either the O C. D. or the running of New York City. He also told the Tolan committee investigating defense migration and morale that it makes no difference whether the House and Senate final ly agree on the present setup or Army control of the 1100 000 000 fund for civilian defense, "because the work has already been done." The Mayor's attention was di rected to Washington by Repre sentative Sparkman. Democrat, of Alabama, who inquired what ha thought of the local situation. Ask More Fire Hose. ‘ I think the Commissioners here have a very intelligent understand ing of the civilian defense problem." the Mayor replied. "The director is a competent man. In the Dis trict of Columbia I have only one criticism to offer. I believe the sir raid wardens should be under the Police Department, the fire auxiliary group under the Fire Department and the medical aid group under the hospitals. At the present time you have a co-ordinator. "I also feel that Congress has not done its full duty with Washington. I know what I am talking about because I handle a budget of $580. 000.000. You must give this city more police, more firemen and more money for fire hose. You must have a large supply of hose on hand, be cause if fcipmbing broke water lines you might have to pump water great distances. Cutting down on that item is foolish economy. "You know. Washington is a diffi cult place to operate in. I would not say we are out of danger here. It is an easy place to find. Even I could find it. and I was the worst flyer in the A. E. F. The blackout does not help much, except to make certain places, like the navy yard, harder to find." When Mr. 8parkman asked what he thought of the recent trial black out here the Mayor said he thought it was quite successful, except that many people "had their noses pressed against the windows, where they should not have been" He said, however, he did not believe they would do that in a real black out. Equipment Allocated. After the Mayor had given the committee a long recital of the juris dictional problems O C. D. encoun tered in trying to deal with hun dreds of counties and cities, by go ing through complicated State gov ernments, he got around to tha pending controversy in Congress, which came to a head last week when the House voted to turn the O. C. D. appropriation over to the Army. “It doesn't make a particle nf difference which of those bills you ’pass, because the work is already done.” He had reference to the prelim inary preparation for providing cities with gas masks, helmets and other civilian defense equipment ”We never intended to do the buying.” he said, referring to O. C. D. ”We had only a few things to buy, and we asked the Army, and they have prepared the specifica tions. We had intended to allocate the supplies, and the allocations have already been worked out. I could tell you just how many boots or helmets are going here or there. It's all in a book that could be handed to any one. So. don't lose (See MORALE, Page A-6.) Italians Stress Necessity Of 'Neutralizing' Malta By the Associated Press. ROME, Jan. 14 (Andi Agency'.— The importance of "neutralising” Britain's air and naval base at Malta by continued Axis bombing attacks was emphasized again today by Italian officials and newspapers as an essential part of the Mediter ranean battle. II Messaggero of Rome maintained that Malta is the key to victory in the Mediterranean, explaining that: "The Mediterranean struggle has entered a particularly delicate phase Due to the consequences of the Libyan battle • * * keeping the Mediterranean open to the traffic of supplies is particularly essential, Ijence the reason for the implacable offensive on Malta." II Tevere. also of Rome, threatened Britain with "supplies which the Axis has in reserve.” British sources for some time have been predicting an invasion at tempt on Malta, and by roundabout channels have reported Axis troop and air concentrations massing in Southern Italy and on the island of Sicily, only 60 miles north of Malta. Malta Raided. BERLIN, Jan. 14 (Official Broad cast) (£>).—'The German high com mand reported today a new series of air attacks on the British Mediter ranean base of Malta, which has be come a daily target of Axis bomber* of late. t German dive-bombers also were reported to have sharply attacked British troop concentrations, supply columns and air bases In North Africa. Three British planes were shot down, the Italian high command said in the new raids on Malta.