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Delegations at Rio
Strike 2 Obstacles Before Parley Opens Argentina and Ecuador Raise Difficulties For Anti-Axis Front By the Associated Press. RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 14.— * Twenty-four hours before its first official session, the Pan-American conference of foreign ministers apr peared to have struck two obstacles today—Argentina's reluctance to commit herself to any military al liances or "acts of prebelligerency,” and Ecuador's determination to set tle her 100-year-old boundary dis pute with Peru before entering into any general discussions. In the behind-the-scenas diplomacy aimed at creating a United Western hemisphere front against the Axis, Argentina was considered the chief obstacle. Its policy was reaffirmed at Buenos Aires last night by President Ramon S. Castillo, who said his gov ernment could not assent to any “measures of belligerency” which might come before the conference, and earlier had been laid down along the same lines by Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz Guinazu. Ruiz Guinazu arrived here this morning. The foreign ministers of Chile and Uruguay were the only representatives still missing. * Third Problem Created. From a most authoritative source it was learned that Tobar Donoso, Foreign Minister of Ecuador, had declared he would not take part in the conference sessions unless a basis of settlement was reached In the boundary dispute with Peru un der which his country would be as sured no further aggression, and which would outline a final agree- ! ment. The same source said a third! _ problem had been created by the ’ apparently unswerving determina tion of the Central American and Caribbean nations to force the con ference to act on a proposal calling for all the American nations to join In the war against the Axis. Arturo Despradel, Foreign Min ister of the Dominican Republic, was said to be slated to Introduce such a resolution, with the support of the nine countries which have de clared war and possibly of still others. Refuses to Call Congress. President Castillo’s statement last night was made in turning down a request by opposition leaders for a special session of Congress, which they asked because Ruiz Guinazu had said he could make no com mitments without congressional ap proval. The Argentine attitude was the subject of numerous conferences re volving around Sumner Welles, United States Undersecretary of State and head of the Washington delegation. At the same time the various national representatives took the opportunity to push their own pet projects which will be introduced before nightfall Saturday and to seek agreement on the chairmen of the two major conference commit tees. It was learned that Panama planned to present a proposal which ! would make effective article 15 of the Havana conference embracing a program for mutual assistance against aggression, but the extent of the proposal was not disclosed. The Panama delegation also was expected to recommend certain eco nomic measures to be taken both during and after the war. Bloc Seeks to Cut Relations. Mexico’s Foreign Minister. Ezequiel Padilla, disclosed that his nation, Colombia and Venezuela had formed a bloc which would seek a united ; pan-American severance of rela tions with ‘'nations at war with the United States.” ‘‘There are three groups in the conference,” he said, "those Central American and Caribbean nations wishing an outright declaration of i war, an opposite group desiring a declaration of a state of non-bel ligerency and the group including Mexico which will support a break : in relations—the step which we be lieve is favored by the United States.” Nations in the Mexican bloc have already severed relations with the Axis powers, while the Central American and Caribbean countries have declared war. Foreign Minister Oswald Aranha of Brazil declared meanwhile that complete solidarity was essential to success of the conference. ‘‘A rupture in harmony would mean that pan-Americanism has j gone back 50 years,” he said. Troyanovsky Urges Unity On American Republics KUIBYSHEV, Russia. Jan. 13 (De layed) (JP).—Alexander Troyanovsky, former Ambassador to Washington, advised the Western Hemisphere to day that "the interests of all Ameri can republics demand maximum Unity and good-neighborly relations between themselves, not in words, but deeds.” His comment, inspired by the Pan American Conference opening to morrow in Rio de Janeiro, appeared in the Moscow News, English-lan guage newspaper currently published In Kuibyshev. "It is but natural, with a world war raging on all sides, that the American republics will endeavor to establish the closest collaboration among themselves in order to be able to fight the warmongers to gether,” he said. “Aggression itself is knocking at the door of every American country today. When an aggressor attacks your neighbor, he is just as liable to break into your home at any moment;” Hospital Ship Sunk By U. S., Japs Charge The Star notifies-its readers that this dispatch was sent by permission of an enemy country and may contain propaganda. No news is permitted to be sent from Berlin, Tokio or Rome unless it serves some purpose. Read it, as it is printed, for what it is worth. ■ ■ "■ 11 i *y the Associated Press. „ TOKIO, Jan. 14 (Official Broad cast).—Imperial headquarters charged in a communique today that the hospital ship Harbin Maru was sunk January 10 by an Ameri can submarine in Chinese waters. It. asserted that, wounded aboard the vessel and the crew were saved except for nine sailors. RIO DE JANEIRO.—WELLES ARRIVES FOR PAN-AMERICAN CONFERENCE—United States Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles (right, arrow) is greeted by Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha (left, arrow) as the Washington delegation ar rived Monday for the Pan-American Conference. Welles imme diately began private discussions of relations between Western Hemisphere nations and the Axis. —A. P. Wirephoto via radio from Buenos Aires. Axis Aerial Activity In Libya Increases; British Claim Gains Isolated Halfaya Pass Garrison Subjected to Intensive Bombardment By the Associated Press. CAIRO, Jan. 14 —The British ac knowledged today increasing Axis aerial activity on the Libyan battle front. but reported that their ad vance forces were increasing pres sure on the main body of Gen. Erwin Rommel’s forces south of El Agheila. Aghela. “Further satisfactory progress was made and increasing pressure was brought to bear upon the enemy rear guards,” a communique de clared. On the Libyan-Egyptian frontier some 300 miles east of this battle zone. British naval, land and air forces were reported subjecting the Axis garrison isolated at Halfaya Pass to an intensive bombardment. Capture of Salum, key to the Axis positions at Halfaya. which was an nounced yesterday, cost the imperial forces participating only slightly more than 100 casualties, the com munique added. * Yesterday's communique said more than 350 prisoners, most of them Germans, had been taken at Salum. Rome Reports Shelling Of Halfaya and Salum ROME, Jan. 14 uPi (Official broad cast).—Axis Libyan frontier posi tions at Halfaya Pass and Salum were subjected yesterday to an in tense British aerial and naval bom bardment, the Italian high com mand said today. iThe ‘British yesterday an nounced the fall of Salum.) "There is nothing to report from Western Cirenaica,” the high com mand said, referring to a zone of operations in which British armored units and the main Axis forces have been engaged southwest of Bengasi. Large German air formations raided the British-held ports and airdromes of Derna and Tobruk with heavy and medium bombs, direct hits “causing immense dam age and starting large fires at several depots and buildings,” a communique reported. (German bases on the Medi- • terranean island of Crete lie only about 200 miles north of Derna and Tobruk.) Italian flyers were declared to have destroyed a strong British column and blown up 25 ammuni tion-laden trucks in a swift low level attack. Communique . Philippine Forces Repel Two Attacks The text of War Department Communique No. 58, based on re ports received up to 9:30 a.m. today, Eastern standard time: 1. Philippine theater: The enemy yesterday made two determined attacks which were in the nature of reconnaissances in force. These attacks were well supported by artillery and air craft. Both were repulsed by our troops, with the Japanese suffer ing heavy losses. American and Philippine casualties were com paratively small. Hostile air operations were con fined to support of ground troops. No attacks were made on our fortifications. Reports received from Min danao and Jolo indicate that the Japanese are establishing ad vance bases in these islands from which to support attacks on Ma laya and the Netherlands Indies. 2. Netherlands Indies: Three American bombing planes, co-operating with the forces of the Netherlands Indies, attacked a Japanese naval force engaged in landing operations in the Tarakan area of Borneo. Unfavorable weather conditions made it difficult to determine the results of the attack. However, it is known that two enemy light ers were destroyed. Our planes returned to their base undam aged. 3. There is nothing to report from other areas. Virginia Youth's Trial Set in Triple Slaying By th« Associsted Press. WASHINGTON, Va., Jan. 14.— Judge J. R. H. Alexander has set the trial of Thomas Dewey Cameron, jr„ 15, charged with the revolver slaying of Edward Johnson, 42, his wife and their 15-year-old daughter, Ethel, for 10 am. January 21. in Rappahannock County Circuit Court. V British Withdrawing To Narrowest Part Of Malay Peninsula Widespread Destruction Is Left in Path of Hard-Driving Japs By the Assrri&ted Press. SINGAPORE. Jan. 14‘—British troops s’jwly withdrawing toward the narrowest part of the Malay Peninsulf left widespread destruc tion toda • in the path of Japanese forces pr.-ssing hard on their heels. Contini ation of ti*e British retreat was ackrowledged last night in a communique which told of extensive aemolitioi of facilities which might have bee'i employed by the Japa-1 nese in tieir advance. The btJetin failed to disclose the extent oj the withdrawal from the positions which the British took up only two days agoWfbrth of Serem ban, in legri Sembilan State, about 150 mile? from Singapore. But as .he battle lines approached Singapore the front which the Brit ish are called on to defend was being graduall: shortened. At Senmban the peninsula is ap proximately 120 miles wide, but 60 miles to the south it narrows to 80 miles. (It ;s conceivable that .the British might be planning to make a stand on this neck, with the western end of their line anchored on the mouth of the Muar |;iver, about 90 miles north of Singapore.) Rai«i Causes 55 Casualties. The Ministry of Information an nounced, meanwhile, that Japanese air raiders which blasted at Singa pore yes erday had caused about 55 casualties, but damage was described as slight The raid, which produced the big gest casualty list so far announced, was carried out by 50 heavy bomb ers escorted by 20 naval fighters, the ministry said. One of the raid ers was shot down, three others probably were destroyed and sev eral mere were damaged, the an nouncement declared. Singajore had another alert this morning but apparently no bombs were dropped. Drive in Middle of Peninsula. Advices from the front indicated the Japanese were making their main push down the middle of the peninsu,a, along the railway from Seremb^n to Singapore, and in the coastal jrea to the west. There was no official mention of activity mi the east coast, where the Japanese last were reported at Kuantau 160 miles from the Johore Strait. Lack of highway facilities in the s'ctor makes military opera tions tb;re difficult. While the British ground forces battled to stem the Japanese over land drv’e, the R. A. F. was reported to be steaping up its offensive against air bases from which the invaders have be.'n blasting at Singapore and other targets. R. A. F. Raids Thailand. Last right’s communique reported destructive R. A. F. raids on many objectives, including Singora in Southern Thayand, where several tons o? high explosives and in cendiaries were said to have been dropped The communique also announced that British planes lyid attacked Port Syettenham on the Malavan west coast, about 200 miles north of Sing? pore, thus disclosing for the first tine that the city had been abandored to the Japanese. British Pitch New Line In Ma’aya, Japs Report TOKlO, Jan. 14 (official broad cast) (Jf).—The British have pitched a new refense line on the west side of MaUya from Port Dickson to Seremb-.n, the Japanese radio re ported today quoting Shanghai dis patches to the newspaper Asahi. (Port Dickson is the harbor for Sererrban, about 24 miles by rail road -rom that Negri Sembilan capital.) The \sahi report said Japanese forces pad pressed ahead about 60 miles i)t two days and the British were attempting desperately to hold their n*w line because its loss would open tie way for the Japanese into the Stvaits Settlement of Malacca Tht Star notifies its readers that this dispatch was sent by permission of an enemy country and may contain propaganda. No ntws is permitted to be sent from Berlin, Tokio or Rome unless it serves some purpose. Read it, as it is printed, for what it-is worth. which commands the lower Malacca Strait. ‘ Japanese Army bombers were re ported m dispatches from the front to have demolished 20 freight cars and 9 trucks filled with British sol diers and supplies in retreat from Kuala Lumpur. Other bombers were said to have destroyed seven vessels off Malacca state. Imperial headquarters said large Japanese air formations twice raid ed the Singapore area yesterday, during the day and at evening, blast ing army air bases with heavy loads of high explosives. Four American-made Buffalo fighters were shot down and two others were damaged, it said. Japanese Claim Hits On Carrier Lexington By Sub West of Hawaii Tokio 'Unable to Say' Whether Torpedoes Sank U. S. Vessel The Star notifies its readers that this dispatch was sent by permission of an enemy country and may contain propaganda. JVo news is permitted to be sent from Berlin, T&io or Rome unless it serves some purpose. Read it, as it is printed, for what it is worth. Bv the Associated Press.. TOKIO, Jan. 14 (Official Broad cast) .—Japanese imperial headquar ters declared today that a Japanese submarine had scored two torpedo hits on a United States aircraft carrier of the .Lexiwgton type in waters west of Hawaii. A communique issued by imperial headquarters said the submarine : commander was not able to state whether the aircraft carrier had sunk, because he had to dive his craft immediately to evade a coun terattack by destroyers. Nevertheless, the announcement j said, he expressed belief the vessel i had sunk because two formidable I explosions were heard immediately | after the torpedoes were launched. The Lexington and her sistership, the Saratoga, both of 33,000 tons displacement, were built in 1925 and normally carry a crew of 2,122 offi cers and men. The two ships were originally authorized in 1916 for construction as battlecruisers of 35,000 tons, but the plans were recast. They have a normal carrying capacity of 81 aircraft each and a maximum capacity of 90. Total cpst ; of the vessels, including aircraft, was 1 more than $45,000,000 each. The Japanese repeatedly have re ; ported the sinking or damaging of I United States aircraft carriers but ! the claims have been put down by Washington officials as "fishing ex peditions” for information. Piano Forum Tomorrow Mrs. Marion Wilcox Coomes, a graduate of the New York Normal Conservatory, will discuss teaching problems at a meeting of the Piano Teachers’ Forum at 11 a.m. tomor row, in the Musical Art Center, 1325 G street N.W. There is no charge for admission. w All Civilians Escaped First Jap Attack on Wake, Refugee Says 36 Left Island for Hawaii Within Hour After Enemy Raid D7 the Associated Press. SAN DIEGO, Calif., Jan. 14 — Docks, a hotel and several smaller buildings were damaged or destroyed in the first Japanese attack on Wake Island, but not a civilian was killed, for the islanders were forewarned and prepared. "Here come the laundrymen"they shouted as twin-engined enemy dive bombers came over in three waves of nine each, flying at scarcely 1.500 feet. That was at 11:55 a.m. Decem ber 8. only a few hours—the inter national date line intervenes—after the Pearl Harbor assault. W. P. Ball. 51. a Jackson (Calif.l gold miner who was at Wake as an employe of Pan American Airways when the war began, told the story to San Diego newsmen. “Here Come the Laundrymen.” “I had just eaten lunch and was resting in front of my tent." he said. “We had been advised of the attack on Pearl Harbor and expected a visit but. of course, had no idea when. I heard machine-gunning and the explosion of bombs at the same time. "The planes, dive bombers, were flying in three groups of nine ships each, and at an altitude of about 1,500 feet. "The men who saw them flrst started to notify others, shouting 'Here come the laundrymen.’ Some of the people began hiding under buildings, but were ordered out be cause the buildings were objectives of the bombers. “Bombs began to fall. A small part of the Pan American dock was hit. Six bullets from a .50-caliber machine gun struck the Philippine Clipper. The airport manager's home was destroyed, and the Pan American Hotel received a direct hit and soon went up in flames. “Not a person was killed, how ever. among the Pan American per sonnel. The good fortune was at tributed to the drilling the employes received for just such an attack.” Left Within an Hour. After 15 minutes the bombers headed to sea, Mr. Ball said, and within an hour the bullet-marked Clipper set out for Hawaii, carrying Mr. Ball and 25 more Pan American employes, the crew of six and four other passengers. “We flew at an altitude of only 50 feet above the ocean until night to make bombing difficult,” Mr. Ball went on. “As we approached Midway, we noticed three Japanese cruisers steaming away. We landed at Midway and learned the Japs had overshot their mark, and de spite a prolonged shelling no dam age was done.” From Midway, the Clipper pro ceeded to Hawaii, where its passen gers. many of them clad only in shorts when they were rushed aboard at Wake, were re-outfltted and sent on to the mainland by surface ship. Weather Report . (Furnished By the United States Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia and vicinity—Fair and warmer tonight with lowest temperature slightly above freezing; fresh to occasional strong winds. __ Report for Lost 24 Honrs. Temperature Yesterday— Degrees. 8 p m' _—- 36 Midnight_ 32 Today— 4 a.m._ 28 8 a.m._,- 28 Noon _ 43 Record for Laat 24 Honrs. (From noon yrsterdsy to noon today.) Highest, 43, at noon today. Year ago. 34. Lowest, 25. at 6:40 a.m. today. Year ago. 22. Record Temperatures This Year. Highest. 58. on January 2. Lowest, 6. on January 11. Humidity for Laat 21 Honra. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. PS per cent, at 7:30 a.m. today. Lowest. 51 per cent, at 7:30 p.m. yes terday. River Report. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear at Harpers Ferry: Potomac cleac at Oreat Falls today Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States doast and Oeodetic Survey.) Today. Tomorrow High_ 5:32 a.m. 6:30 a.m. Low__ - 12:57 a.m. High_ 6:04 p.m. 7:o()p.m. Low _ 12:12 p.m. 1:11p.m. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in Inches In the Capital (current month to date). Month. 1042. Ave. Record. January_ 0.60 3.55 7.83 '37 February_ 3.27 6.84 '84 March _ ___ 3.75 8.84 '91 April _ — 3.27 9.13 'HP May_ ... 3.70 10.69 '89 June _ ... 4.13 10.94 '00 July _ ... 4.71 10.83 '88 August _ *4.01 14.41 '28 September_ 3.24 17.46 '34 October _ 2.84 8.81 '37 November _ 2.37 6.89 '89 December _ 3.32 7.68 '01 r The San and Moon. Rises. Sets. Sun. today - 7:20 8:<*0 Sun. tomorrow 7:20 5:10 Moon, today - 4:51 am. 3.11p.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Weather In Varions Cities. Temperature. Precipl ' Highest. Lowest, tation. Albany. N Y. 10 5 Albuquerque. N. Mex __ 5!* 41 Asheville. N. C—i---- So 2; Atlanta. Ga -5/ 31 Baltimore. Md -42 ' 20 Birmingham. Ala. -00 -8 Bismarck. N. Dak-4j| 22 Boston. Mass. - 2 Jr 12 Brownsville. Tex.- *1 6, Buffalo. N. Y. _31 18 Charleston, S. C-66 -O Chicago, in. -4- 3 Cincinnati, Ohio-43 .-8 Cleveland. Ohio- 34 ‘-o Denver. Colo -4h 1» Des Molnes.-Iowa-41 34 Detroit, Mich- 34 2< Duluth. Minn. _ 30 7 El Paso. Tex - t>8 41 Port Worth. Tex- 08 51 Galveston. Tex._ 65 o3 Huron. 8. Dak.- 48 34 Indianapolis, Ind. ... 43 30 Jacksonville. Fla.-68 34 Kansas City. Mo.- 55 36 Little Rock. Ark- 50 30 Louisville, Ky. _ 43 32 Memphis. Tenn- go 30 Miami. Fla - 72 53 Milwaukee. Wis. - 38 32 Mpls.-St. Paul, Minn- 44 23 Mobile. Ala. 08 40 Nashville. Tenn._ 52 32 New Orleans, La- 65 40 New York, N. Y. - 35 34 Norfolk, V». --- 25 Oklahoma City. Okla. . 00 38 Omaha. Nebr. 43 30 Parkersburg. W. Va_ 38 20 Philadelphia. Pa_— 2<> Pittsburgh. Pa- 34 35 Raleigh. N. C- 54 28 Richmond. Vg- 48 22 St. Louis. Mo -gO 35 Stn Antonio. Tex.- <o 54 Sheridan. Wyo- 40 21 Tampa. Fla. _- 00 44 Vicksburg. Miss. __- 65 3} WASHINGTON. D. C- 43 25 Wichita. Kans. o5 34 1,900 Books Collected Here for Service Men In Victory Campaign Notables Speak Tonight In Broadcast Over Nation-Wide Chains A total of 1,800 books were col lected here in the first two days of the Victory Book Campaign, Nation-wide drive for 10,000,000 books for service men, Mrs. Philip Sidney Smith, chairman for the District, announced today. Mrs. Smith, a trustee of the Dis trict Public Library and member of the Board of Education, reported that 700 books were brought in on opening day, Monday. Yesterday another 1,200 volumes were added to the list. A total of 1,073 of these were mailed or delivered yestftday to the main Public Library and its 12 brancnes over the city, while 125 were gathered at the George Wash ington University library. Mrs. Charles Goldsmith sent in 150 books from the Jewish Social Service, while the Jewish Com munity Center added another 200. Mrs. Smith announced that the District Grocery Stores, to aid in the campaign, have volunteered to place containers in each of their 240 stores in the District and 40 stores in nearby Maryland and Vir ginia. The stores will deliver their collections to the various libraries Tonight over a Nation-wide het work there will be a broadcast on behalf of the campaign. Speakers will include Fannie Hurst, novelist: Clifton Faddiman, book reviewer of New Yorker Magazine, and Frank lin P. Adams, columnist and con temporary of Mr. Faddiman on the "Information Please” radio program. The broadcast will be heard locally at 7:30 over WRC. The drive is sponsored in the Dis trict by the Commissioners. It was organized by the American Library Association, the Red Cross and the United Service Organizations for Defense. Inc. Tomorrow at 12:30. Engineer Commissioner Kutz will address a luncheon meeting of the civics education section, 20th Cen tury Club, in the Y. W. C. A. Building. The section will help spon sor the drive. Mrs. Smith .said the Newspaper Women's Club In co-operation with Loew’s Theaters recently collected about 5.000 books which already have been sent to service men at Port Belvoir. These books, she said, are considered a part of the District collection in the campaign. The drive will last until February 4. During this time it is hoped that about 100.000 books will be col lected in the District. All the con tributor need do is to pick out a good book and either mail or de liver it to the George Washington University library, the Public Li brary, Eighth and K streets N.W., or one of the 12 branch libraries over the city. If the book is mailed, a 3-cent stamp will assure delivery. As stated above, books also may be taken to the nearest District Gro cery Store. It is emphasized that the con tributor send a good book, one he enjoyed reading himself or always has wanted to read. Fiction and mystery stories are considered ex cellent. Records of post libraries show that service men also like technical books, books on current affairs, histories and biographies. Blind Persons Do Bit Sorting Warplane Rivets 8> the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 14—Some of New York's blind are participating directly in the building of warplanes. Their part in national defense is to use their sensitive fingers to sort metal rivets, swept up from floors of aircraft factories and heretofore remelted rather than being left, for the tedious taA of sorting them in seven or eight different size and shape classes. Publication Is Halted Of Airmail Schedules By the Associated Press. Vincent C. Burke. Washington postmaster, announced today that the publication of airplane schedules between the United States, its pos sessions. and foreign countries had been discontinued and that no in formation could be given concerning departure of planes conveying mail. He 'said that “mail for foreign countries will be dispatched by the most expeditious means available." Police Open Drive To Reduce Toll in Traffic Accidents 1941 Statistics Show Most of 95 Deaths Were at Crossings D. C. Traffic Toll Killed In 1942 6 Killed In same period of 1941 8 Toll for all of 1941 95 I A double-barreled campaign to reduce the traffic death toll in Wash ington was announced today by Inspector Arthur E. Miller, police traffic supervisor. Pedestrians will be urged to cross streets only at crosswalks, while the Inspector’s men will concentrate their efforts on enforcing safe street-crossing practices. This action was based on figures compiled from last year's traffic fatality list of 95, showing that a majority of the victims were pedes trians who were killed crossing streets at points other than cross walks. Twenty-eight were killed crossing at intersections and six while stepping from between parked automobiles. “We intend to devote the coming months to use of this new informa tion as a means of holding 1942 highway mishaps to a minimum,” Inspector Miller said. Statistics of the Accident Pre tention Unit also showed that viola tion of speed laws contributed to 25 deaths, while failure to yield rights of wav caused 11 fatalities. Thirty one fatal accidents occurred in the daytime in clear weather and be tween intersections. Eighteen per cent of the accidental deaths were in the first precinct. Citing these figures. Inspector Miller warned drivers that traffic officers will be working under in structions to pay particular atten tion to motorists who exceed the speed limit or fail to yield the right of way. Knox Opposes Lifting Ban On Marriage of Ensigns Secretary Knox today flatly op posed any proposal to lift the ban which prevents graduates of the Naval Academy from marrying within two years after their gradu ation. He was asked at his press con ference if he had heard discussion regarding the possibility of lifting the ban during the war and whether he favored such an idea. He replied quickly: “I am not in favor of lifting the marriage ban. and I don't think any responsible leader in the Navy would approve of such a thing." Secretary Knox clarified his state ment and said that in the first place, the pay of an ensign is small and he would have little money to spend on keeping a wife and'a home. In the second place. Mr. Knox said, the job of an ensign during his first two years is so strenuous that iushould exhaust his physical and mental ca pacities. Under such circumstances an officer could not give his best service to his country if he was wor i rying about a wife at home. U. S. and Britain Mishandle War In Pacific, Chinese Charge By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Jan. 14—The Chinese press declared today that signs of British and American rein forcements in the Far East were lacking, that the situation allowed of no optimism, and turned severe criticism on the conduct of the war ; in the Pacific. “British authorities -in Malaya have shown themselves wanting in both vision and determination,” was the blunt assertion of the Chinese Army organ, Sao Tang Pao. “The term ‘Pacific war’ appeared in publications 20 years ago and was the subject of constant discussion in Japan, j’et Americans were caught i off-guard at P^arl Harbor, and the Philippines aft left to look after themselves with a small force,” it continued. “Signs of Anglo-American rein forcements are absent while British and American authorities continue to indulge in side-tracking remarks. Both Knox (United States Secretary of the Navy) and A. V. Alexander (Britain's First lord of the Ad miralty) urged the Allies to strike Hitler first. If Japan is allowed to take Singapore and the Netherlands Indies it will be easier said than done for America and Britain to start the counter-offensive.” While other papers strongly sup ported demands for the speedy dis patch of land, naval and air rein forcements to th^ Far East, Sao Tang Pao took the gloomy view that if Japan gained control of Malaya and the Dutch Indies she would at tain self-sufficiency and become free to use “against America and Britain the economic weapon they once em ployed against her.” Ta Kung Pao urged Russia to strike before Japan is ready to at tack Vladivostok. "If Japan takes Vladivostok she may easily threaten Alaska, and make the entire Pacific a veritable SATISFIED withJhis aid in ulicving Externoily found PIMPLES • BLEMISHES So helpful are Cuticura Soap and Ointment in relieving externally caused akin blemishes that the makers will refund your money if you are not satisfied aftertwoweekatrial. Use Cuticura Soap and Ointment regularly. Only 25* each. cuncuPAMr^ Japanese lake." said this chief gov ernment newspaper. The official Central Daily News urged the Allies to crush Japan first. "Unless something really strong ; is done to annihilate Japan now there will be danger of the Japanese using the resources and the strategic bases of the Southern Pacific for a long war • * * with the Germans being chased back by the Russians j in Europe, it is high time for the democracies to give a similar blow ; to the Japanese in the Pacific." Beaverbrook Likely To Remain Here in British Cabinet Shifts Minister of Supply Would Be Kept in D. C. For Co-ordination Work Br the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 14.—A reshuffle of the British cabinet as a result of criticism over war management and charges in ministerial assignments weae described as imminent today in Parliamentary circles. It was stated that announcements might even precede the return to London of Prime Minister Churchill from his conferences in Washington with President Roosevelt. Some informants said the changes likely would Involve appointment of a new Minister of Supply, not be cause of dissatisfaction with Lord Beaverbrook, who now holds the post, but because he is expected to be kept in Washington to help co ordinate Allied supply problems. Llewellin May Succeed Beaverbrook. Prominently mentioned as likely to succeed Lord Beaverbrook. at least in temporary capacity while he is abroad, was one of his right hand men—Col. John L. Llewellin, former Parliamentary secretary to the Ministry of Supply and Aircraft Production. Col. Llewellin generally is regarded by the British as an able man who deserves promotion. There also were reports that Sir Stafford Cripps. Ambassador to Russia, soon will return because he believes he has accomplished the job he was sent to do—establish better relations between Britain and the Soviet. Many believe he would like to appear in Parliament as in terpreter and expounder of the Rus sian viewpoint on matters concern ing the Soviet. Duff Cooper May Get New Job, Alfred Duff Cooper also appears to be in line for a new job now that he has been recalled from his post as resident commissioner for Far Eastern affairs in Singapore. There was some speculation about possible demands for even wider government changes because of pro duction problems and setbacks in the Far East. However. Britons consider it unlikely that Prime Min ister Churchill will make anv sweeping change, although they agree he probably will have to re construct and possibly enlarge his cabinet by creating new jobs to fit the schemes visualized for the im perial and Allied war councils. A London Times editorial today on “Empire Consultation" said sig nificantly : “The urgency of finding some ef« fective way of associating the em pire governments with the conduct of the war has been brought home to everybody by the strong feeling in Australia." Congress in Brief Senate: Routine business. Foreign Relations Committee con siders Inter-American Bank con vention. Interstate Commerce Subcommit tee hearing on motor carrier bill. House: Routine session. Tolan Committee hears Big-4 of Civilian Defense—La Guardia. Mrs. Roosevelt, Landis and McNutt—on civilian morale. Patman Committee calls Price Administrator Henderson and Floyd Odium, O. P. M. official, in study of small business plight. SKYLIGHT BLACKOUT Guaranteed lor the Duration I NSUL-MASTIC is o heavy, ad hesive, fire-resisting plastic. Not a paint. One application guaranteed for the duration. Protect precious lives ond costly property. Get the facts today. JOHN W. JOHNSON 3615 14th St. N.W. ADams 5055 RAMSt HEAD' THE ARISTOCRAT OF A I P(J Gives Hint EXT** MfctW Satisfaction and Enjoyment ADAM SCHRDT MIWtNO CO. UawimWe tfc In It or St oz. Bottles Valley Forge Distributing Company Wiikliiiteii. D. C. Phene Atlantic A7AH First broadcast last week I Instantly acclaimed as one off the nation’s finest programs I ^e/ane&e Great Moments in music Songs the whole world loves—sung by great voices of The Metropolitan and The Chicago Civic Opera Companies. JIAN TKNNYSON * SUSANNE STIN- NORMAN CORDON WILLIAM MAIN • GKORGK SEBASTIAN, CONDUCTOR SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA AND CHORUS WJSV—10:16 P.N.