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Guns Reported Near Hass Production 0. P. M. Says Auto Plants Will Assume Heaviest Manufacturing Role By THOMAS C. HARDMAN. An American version of a 40-mm. Swedish anti-aircraft gun used ef fectively by the British in thi evacuation of Dunkerque will begin rolling off production lines in mass quantities in the near future, the Office of Production Management announced yesterday in a general summary of the anti-aircraft gun output of this Nation’s industries. Declaring that America’s fighting forces will get the 20,000 anti-air craft guns requested by President Roosevelt during this year, the O. P. M. revealed that the automobile Industry, in process of conversion to war production, already has as sumed the heaviest assignment in the manufacture of these weapons. Highly regarded by military ord nance experts is the *0-mm. Bofors gun of Swedish origin, which first went into manufacture in this country less than a year ago. The Army already has received a num ber of these weapons, the O. P. M. said, and "quantity production is about to begin." Used against low-flying aircraft, the Bofors fires a high explosive projectile weighing slightly more than two pounds, which blasts any part of a plane it strikes, the sum mary said. If the projectile misses it explodes automatically in the air, adding to the coverage of the fire and preventing it from falling to earth and menacing friendly troops. • Tracer Bullets Fired. Tracer bullets are fired so the path of the projectiles can be ob served and instant corrections made, it was said. A feature of the Bofors is the funnel mouth at the end of the barrel which prevents the flash from blinding the crew, especially during night firing. The development of the Bofors followed by about one year the gen eral expansion of anti-aircraft pro duction in this country. The O. P M. pointed out that "intricate and expensive to manufacture, anti aircraft artillery was produced in only limited quantities * * * prior to June. 1940. when funds for a modest expansion of production first were made available. "Our present models are the re sult of continuous studies by the ordnance departments of our serv ices and the experience gained from the use of anti-aircraft weapons during the early stages of the pres ent war abroad." The largest Army anti-aircraft weapon, the 90 mm. gun, was de scribed in the summary as "out classing in accuracy and range Ger many's corresponding weapon of 88 mm." A picture of the 90 mm. gun, now in quantity production, ap pears on the defense series two cent stamp. Projectile Weighs 21 Pounds. This gun has replaced the 3-inch size as the standard anti-aircraft gun for the Coast Artillery, giving batteries greater range and more punch. Its rate of fire is slightly lower than that of the 3rinch gun. but the projectile of the 90 mm. is much heavier, weighing about 21 pounds. It Is used against high flying bombers. The same system of centralized direction used by 3-inch gun bat teries Is employed by batteries of the new guns, the summary said. Data needed to direct the action of the batteries may come from radio locators, listening posts or other sources. In the case of batteries protecting civilian areas, the far-flung system of air-raid warning naturally will be used to advantage. The 3-inch gun. developed bv the Armv Ordnance Department within limits of appropriations before the emergency period, still is standard equipment for many Coast Artillery units. It fires a projectile weighing more than 12 pounds and is used against planes flying at middle altitudes. Gun lTsed on Dive Bombers. Another anti-aircraft weapon adapted from a foreign model is the new 20 mm. gun produced for the Navy for use against dive bombers, the O. P. M. said. This gun is a counterpart of the Swiss Oerlikon. Projectiles capable of tearing a hole a foot square in attacking planes are fired from Oerlikons at a high rate and at a range greater than that of machine guns. Im proved production methods have marie it possible for the Oerlikons to be turned out in increasingly large nuantities. Another automatic weapon devel oped primarily for use against low flying aircraft is the 37 mm. gun. As in the case of the Bofors. it fires tracer-type, self-destroying ammuni tion. The 37 mm. weapon is one of the Army's principal dual-purpose guns. It is used also In the tank destroyer battalion, mounted on the "jeep.” and can be employed against tanks or aircraft. Man Is Given Six Years On Larceny Charge By n Staff Correspondent of The Star. ROCKVILLE, Md„ Jan 17.—Wil liam J. Steinbaugh. 38. of Washing ton. yesterday was sentenced by Circuit Judge Charles W. Woodward to six years in the Maryland Peni tentiary on a charge of larceny. Steinbaugh had pleaded guilty at a hearing Monday. Steinbaugh. with Gallon Goble, was'arrested in March, 1940, in con nection with the larceny of $175 from an employe of the Meadow brook Market in Bethesda. While awaiting trial, Steinbaugh jumped his bond. Goble stood trial and was sentenced to four years in the Mary land House of Correction. After nearly two years of search ing bv county police, Steinbaugh was arrested last week in Washington by Lt. Ted Vollten of the county po lice in co-operation with District police. Chiang Expresses Hope For U. S. Successes By thf Associated Press. CHUNGKING. Jan. 17.—Replying to congratulations cabled by Gen. George C. Marshall. United States Army chief of staff, over China's victory at Changsha, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek expressed today his "sincere hope that the United States Army will by virtue of its renowned prowess and courage soon achieve glorious successes in our common light for amelioration of the world.” STRATEGIC HIGHWA Y— Dotted line shows approxi mate route of a new roadway to be built as part of a direct route between Washington and the Morgantown Bridge. Maryland officials have an nounced that the entire route may be made a dual lane boulevard. The project is sought by the War and Navy Departments to provide better access to military establish ments in the Dahlgren area. War Neuroses Few, Physician Tells G. W. Medical Body Bums and Orthopedic Problems Also Discussed Eefore Society One of the peculiarities of the* present war is that neuroses have been very few. Dr. Walter Freeman explained in a talk last night at a meeting of the George Washington University Medical Society in the auditorium of the university medical school at 1311 H street N.W. This is further stressed by the fact that in modern conflicts war is brought more directly to the non combatants, whereas heretofore they were experienced only by the profes ■ sional soldier in the immediate thea ter of operations. He suggested that organization and discipline is one of the ways of wiping out neuroses and suggested that one of the means of avoiding a floor of neuroses when peace returns is the organization of athletics. Some of the latest medical prac tices in the treatment of burns as . gleaned from British medical jour nals was discussed by Dr. Alec Hor witz. He said that 70 per cent of the deaths caused by burns occur in the first 48 hours and are due to shock, while the other 30 per cent' die of subsequent infection. Usually, he said ,if one-third of the body is burned death will be certain. He de scribed a minor bum as one that covers an area which can be cov ered by the palm of the hand, un less it is on the hands, face or feet. Dr. Custis Lee Hall discussed or thopedic problems in modem war fare and told of the necessity of getting fracture cases away from the scene of operations as quickly as possible. He also spoke of the need of splints as of prime value in any transfer of cases. Dispersion of medical personnel and material was one of the lessons learned as a result of Pearl Harbor, Capt. John F. Owen. Medical Corps. U. S. Navy. said. Whereas, hereto fore there were dressing stations and medical storerooms fore and aft in a ship, it has been found that with bombing now a danger the personnnel and medical supplies must be kept in every part of the | ship, where it is immediately avail ! able. Another lesson learned was that naval personnel must be com pletely clothed, with long pants, sleeves, flash helmets and gloves. Most of the casualties at Pearl Harbor were burns obtained by men who were wearing the new Navy "shorts" uniform, provided for trop ical wear. He said that It was ab solutely necessary to train all naval personnel in first aid work, because there is not enough medical de partment personnel on each shin to take care of all casualties which might possibly occur. Brown Will Address Pinkney Men's Club An address by Constantine Brown, foreign affairs writer for The Star, will feature the January meeting of the Men's Club of Pinkney Me morial Episcopal Church. Hyatts ville, tomorrow night in the parish hall of the church. Recently re-elected officers of the club will Ije installed. They are Erving J. Dorrelle. president; Walter V. Hurley, vice president: Frank 1 Schloer, secretary; William F. Gasch, treasurer; William Moore, assistant secretary-treasurer, and C. F. Orton, past president and mem ber of the Executive Committee. HARD OF HEARING? hear without ilRAIjy mm« AUDIPNONE Ton can easily overcome . the embarrassing handicap of DEAF NESS—hear clearly and distinct ly with a WESTERN ELECTRIC Audlphone. This new product of the Bell Telephone Research La boratories will help you hear clearly in groups, church, con ferences and at the movie*. Phone for a personal test. WALTER BROWN IIS 17th St N. W. SC. IMS Washington. 0. C. PLEASE SEED LITERATURE Nam .... AMrm .. ett» .. mm* .. Defense Chief Tells Pepco to Observe Blackout Program Co-ordinator's Letter Answers Questions Raised By P. U. C. Chairman Civilian Defense Co-ordinator John Russel Young yesterday directed the Potomac Electric Power Co. to com* ply with "dim-out” or blackout in structions for street lifhts. given through the Air Raid Warning Center. Acting on advice from Corporation Counsel Richmond B. Keech, the defense co-ordinator for the Metro politan Area sent a letter to A. G. Neal, president of Pepco, outlining official instructions. This was an Indirect answer to questions raised recently by Chair man Gregory Hankin of the District Public Utilties Commission as tto whether the Pepco could be held liable for any accidents which might occur during the street light dim out* requested by the Commission er*, but not officially indorsed or approved as yet by the Public Utili ties Commission. Inatruetiens Quoted. Without mentioning the Pi U. C„ Co-ordinator Young gave his official instructions to the Pepco. in these words, addressed to President Neal of the company: “You are authorized and directed to obey all orders of the 1st Inter ceptor Command, United States Army, which may be given you through the Air Raid Warning Center—Main Control Center for the District of Columbia with re ference to the dimming or extin guishing of street lights. “In the case of practice blackouts authorised by the commissioners of the District of Columbia and ap proved by the Commanding Gen eral, 1st Interceptor Command, you are authorized and directed to ob serve any order with reference to the dimming or extinguishing of street lights emanating from the Air Raid Warning Center—Main Control Center for the District of Columbia.” In his more recent discussions with press representatives, Mr. Han kin has argued that it would be “wise administration" IT matters affecting the power company or other public utility, and subject to control by the Commissioners and the P. U. C., or possibly other governmental agencies, were sub mitted for action by the several agencies before action was taken by any one agency. While the Commissioners have declined to answer Mr. Harbin directly, it has been argued at the District Building that the "Black out Act” adopted recently by Con gress gave the District Commis sioners direct and apparently final authority in queatlone of maaaurea to be taken under blackout order* approved by the War Secretary. WIXIAMSSUPG COLONIAL COtOSS AT THE COST OF WESULAB FLAT PAINT. liQjtbtkMfitouyG)* '™'J&S*-X**** E USE YOUR CREDIT! SAYE FROM 10% TO 50% Our Rag. $9.78 Cocktail Table Gead ilud table In walnut finish, has I lass Inset top. Formerly $54.95 G. E. Washar 143.9s Fully rapacity tub In porcelain enamel, aluminum acitator, floor aample model. Our Reg. $12.95 Oil Haat Circulator *10“ Modern e r y * t o n e cabinet, pot e rful •ken typo burner. 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