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8 PAGES OF PICTURES me WASHINGTON, D. C. JANUARY 18, 1942 10 CENTS PER COPY CIVILIAN DEFENSE yyiTH Pearl Harbor, civilian defense in the Nation's Capital turned overnight from an organization largely on paper to an essential part of the city's everyday life. Alert to the far-from-remote possibility that Axis enemies would try to bomb Washington for its supposed effect on American morale, officials and civic leaders moved swiftly. They rushed to complete the volunteer mobilization and training program prescribed months ago by the United States Office of Civilian Defense but galvanized into real action only when war was thrust on the country. Officials charged with protecting the million citizens of the Metropolitan Area and their homes worked on the big job night and day. Groups of citizens met constantly to perfect organization of communities. Prac tice air raid alarms and blackouts were held. Within a surprisingly short time the pro gram took shape. Today it is well along and, though much work remains to be done, leaders feel the city is ready to meet an emergency coolly and effectively. Showing what to do if on incendiary bomb should crash through a window of your home— a menace which so often has faced English fami lies. This householder has provided himself with a sproy-nozzled hose and bucket of sand, the best method of fighting the bomb, and is spraying the sizzling invader as he crouches behind a chair to avoid flying sparks. A heavy volume of water tossed on such a bomb makes it flare up into flames which may blaze beyond control. Fireman R. V. Denton is impersonating the embattled house holder. This citizen has conquered the incendiary bomb. He fought it with sand and a gentle spray of water until he reduced it to o smoldering glow. He's placing it in the bucket to take outdoors where it can burn itself out harmlessly. These bombs are hard to extinguish, but, if taken in time, they often can be controlled. Here the im personator is Fireman J. C. Varah. The demonstration took place in an improvised room ot the firemen's troining school, 635 North Carolina avenue S.E. The command post of the civilian defense corps. Col. Lemuel Bolles, executive direc tor, is issuing instructions to a branch of his volunteer army. The three telephones ot the right are connected directly with police, fire and air raid headquarters. At his office in the District Building, Col. Bolles keeps in touch with every defense sector. A snappy n«w uniform for civilian defense workers. Mrs. Nelle H. Holmes, speciol assist ant to Director Bolles, is shown in the approved outfit for women, which has just been placed on the market. She was the first staff member of the Office of Civilian Defense for the Metropolitan Area to appear in uniform. Commissioner John Russell Young, United States co-ordi nator of defense for the Dis trict, meets with leaders of the various defense groups. This meeting began at 7 a.m. in Mr. Young's office. The section chiefs frequently meet with the Commissioner at an hour when they used to be in bed. Here they go over the problems that accompany the sudden placing of the city on a war-time basis. Blackouts and air raid alerts are planned and afterward dissected for errors. Orders of the day. Com missioner Young, as defense co-ordinator, is asking leaders of four vital defense services to carry out plans odopted ot a meeting of the District De fense Council. Standing, left to right, are: Herbert A. Friede, chief of communica tions; Fire Chief Stephen T. Porter, Chief Air Raid Warden Clement Murphy and Police Supt. Edward J. Kelly. —Star Staff Photos.