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Colder tonight, gentle winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 57, at 5:30 am.; lowest, 51, at 4:20 a.m.; 54 at 4 pm. , From the United States Weather Bureau Report. Full Details on Pan A-2. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 16. V V jr V > WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION NIGHT FINAL SPORTS C4*> Means Associated Press. 90th YEAR. No. 35,692. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 19, 1942 - THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. THREE CENTS. . . . ' \ * * T * I « * l m . , « S3 W wn 3 :To Violations :0f Priorities Backs War Powers Bill Which Includes Enforcement 'Teeth' By J. A. O’LEARY. Analyzing the new war powers bill, Attorney General Biddle told the Senate Judiciary Committee today that “widespread and se rious" violations of priorities and allocations have been indi cated by investigations made by the Priorities Division of O. P. M. Prevented by illness from appear ing Mr. Biddle submitted a state ment explaining the measure, which contains 12 different grants of war time power to various agencies. One section puts more teeth in the ma chinery for enforcement of priori ties. Although the committee recessed Until Wednesday without acting, Chairman Van Nuys said no serious controversies developed at today's executive session, and indicated he thought the bill would be reported out during the week. Close Gaps in Laws. Like the priorities section, the 11 other features of the bill are de signed to close gaps in existing emergency laws to push the war ef fort. Senator Connally, Democrat, of Texas is understood to have taken exception to one section, broaden ing the authority of the Treasury Department to accept gifts of money or property for the Government, conditioned on a particular use. There is a possibility this section may be altered. In discussing the violations of priority orders, Mr. Biddle stated: “It is true that there are various administrative sanctions available to the Office of Production Manage ment. Fuel and power might be cut! off to a factory violating the prior ities order, as was done during the World War on several occasions. But administrative sanctions, although highly important, do not provide an adequate remedy in all cases. For example, at a time when air plane production is vitally needed it would not facilitate war produc tion to curtail the supply of alumi num to an airplane company and thus close the plant. Enforcement Provision. “The civil and criminal remedies I provided are intended to supply the j means whereby priorities and allo cations can be enforced when ad ministrative sanctions are not ap propriate.” Another section removes the ban in the existing requisitioning law against the seizure of machinery or equipment which is in actual use and necessary to the operation of a factory or business. Mr. Biddle said that since the requisitioning law was passed “instances have arisen in the experiences of both the War Department and the O.P. M. where machinery or equip ment needed for war production could not be obtained either be cause it was used for civilian pro duction or used a few hours a day on Government production which, for managerial or labor supply rea sons. could not be increased.” In urging this extension of the power of requisition to cover machinery, Mr. Biddle observed: “I hope we have long since passed the time when we merely talk about an all-out effort and all-out utiliza tion of our resources. We must now proceed to do the job and to do the job it is imperative that the Gov ernment have the power to obtain equipment and machinery which recalcitrant owners refuse to make available to the Government.” Would Extend I. C. C. Powers. Other sections of the bill have these purposes: To give the I. C. C. the same emergency powers over motor car riers it already possesses over rail road movements. To enable the Navy to acquire land under the same expeditious proce dure possessed by the War Depart ment under an act of 1917. To enable Federal Reserve banks to buy Government securities di rectly, instead of having to pur chase them in the open market. To allow the Secretary of Com merce to waive navigation and in spection laws where necessary in the prosecution of the war. The President has given the Secretary such powers by executive order, but believes it advisable to back it up with law. To simplify the procedure by which aliens serving honorably in the armed forces could become citi zens. 32-Year-Old Man Held As Suspect in Attack A 32-year-old man was under ar rest at the eleventh precinct this afternoon for investigation in con nection with a reported criminal at tack on a 19-year-old bride of a year this morning. The girl, who said she was at tacked, lived in an apartment build ing at 3912 Bums street SB. About 10:30 a.m., she told police, a man came to her door, selling chances on a punch-board. He forced his way into the apart ment, she said, ripped off her dress ing gown, and criminally attacked her. She reported the attack imme diately and about two hours later Precinct Detectives William R. Greenfield and Robert R. Klotz picked up the suspect. The girl identified him as the at-1 tacker, police said. I Jurist Refuses To Step Out of Viereck T rial (Earlier Story on Page A-t) Over strenuous objections of Gov ernment counsel, who filed an affi davit of prejudice against the jurist, District Court Justice T. Alan Goldsborough this afternoon or dered the hearing on motions to proceed in the case of George Syl vester Viereck, Nazi agent, indicted on a charge of failing to register properly with the State Department. A special appeal to the United States Court of Appeals here is threatened by the Government. William Power Maloney, special assistant to the Attorney General, told Justice Goldsborough that the jurist is so biased in this case that the Government cannot get a fair trial against Mr. Viereck. The trial is scheduled to start Wednesday. Mr. Maloney filed the affidavit of prejudice as soon as Justice Golds borough took the bench in Criminal Court No. 1 this afternoon. After reading the affidavit, Justice Golds borough declared that it was not in accordance with the facts, as known to the court, and was not sufficient. Emil Morosini, Jr., of New York, one of Viereck’s lawyers, told the court that one part of the affidavit, declaring that his associate, Daniel F. Cohalan, jr„ of New York, wanted the case tried before another judge was "absolutely not true” and said that Mr. Cohalan was prepared to make an affidavit against this charge if necessary. Mr. Maloney read from a Supreme Court decision in which he said that tribunal holds that as soon as an affidavit of prejudice is filed against a judge, that jurist must proceed no further in the case, but certify it another judge. Justice Goldsborough said he thought it better not to comment on the conduct of Government coun sel, but that he would take the mat ter up fully after the case has been given to the jury. Roosevelt Requests $6,333,000 for New Maryland Test Base Item Indu&<l1ft Bill For 28 Billions in Army and Navy Funds (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) An item of $6,333,000 for a flight test center at Cedar Point, Md., was contained in a message sent to Congress by President Roosevelt today asking $28,500, 767,495 in supplemental appro priations and contract authori zations for the War and Navy Departments and other defense agencies during the fiscal years 1942 and 1943. For the Navy the presidential re quests included: Bureau of Navigation: Naval training stations at Newport, R. I„ $370,000; Norfolk, Va„ $125,000: for instruction in the Navy, $2,525,000; libraries, $105,000; welfare and rec reation, $225,000. Other items included: Naval Re serve. $4,050,000; employes pay. Na val Academy. $65,000; Naval Acad emy, maintenance and repairs, $170, 000. The Navy also asked for $332, 000,000 for the Bureau of Ships, maintenance; $1,161,274,000, ord nance and ordnance stores; mainte nance of Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, $29,830,000; clothing and small stores fund, $33,240,000; naval supply account fund, $190,000,000; medical department, $23,000,000; care of dead, $500,000. Other items included $16,750,000 for maintenance of Bureau of Yards and Docks; public works under Bu reau of Yards and Docks, $306,558, 000, including $300,000,000 for tem porary and emergency construction and $225,000 for Naval Academy dormitory for bachelor officers. The Marine Corps requested $155,000,000. . Phillie Pitcher to Wed PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 19 UP).— Frank J Boerst, jr., 24, pitcher for the National League Phillies, and Miss Florence M. Gallagher, 24, a clerk, applied today for a license to wed. Miss Gallagher’s father, George J. Gallagher, is an assistant fire marshal. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, Jan. 19 UP).— Stocks irregular; rails, steels improve. Bonds higher; carriers in demand. Cotton mixed; price fixing; New Orleans selling. Wool tops inactive. Senate Passes Ramspeck Bill; Changes Few Congress Members . Given Option of Retirement Benefits The Senate this afternoon passed the Mead-Rams peck bill liberalizing the Governmen^em ployes’ retirement system, and giving members of Congress the option for the first time of Join ing the system. Although the measure has been passed by the House, it must go back to that chamber for consid eration of several Senate amend ments. The only controversy that marked Senate debate was an unsuccessful effort by Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia to require memben of Con gress to make back payments cov ering the period of their congres sional service if they choose -to retire. Senator Byrd’s motion was beaten on a roU caU vote, 34 to 28, so that members of the House who wish to retire would only contribute to the fund from now until the date they retire, but receive annuities based on their full length of service. The roll call on final passage was 42 to 24. ' Provisions of BUL Here is what the biU does for Government employes generally: Makes 70 the uniform age for compulsory retirement of all em ployes by abolishing the present compulsory age limits of 62 and 6ft for postal workers and mechanical groups. Gives the employe the option of retiring at age 60 after 30 years of service, or at 62 after 15 years of service. Gives the Government the same option of retiring the employe at these age limits, subject to a hearing by the Civil Service Com mission. Gives the employe the option of retiring at age 55 after 30 yean of sendee on a smaller annuity. Increases the employe contribu tion to the retirement fund from 3*4 to 5 per cent of salary. Hmt ti Debate. Senator Byrd’s motion to require Representatives or senators who exercise the option of joining the retirement fund to make back pay ments touched off nearly an hour of debate. The Virginian insisted he was merely seeking to have legis lators come in on the same basis that departmental employes have been brought into the system. Senators Mead. Democrat, of New York, co-author of the bill; George, Democrat, of Georgia and McKel lar, Democrat, of Tennessee took issue with the Virginian’s position. Senators Mead and McKellar de clared that when the Retirement Act passed in 1930 several thousand employes who were at retirement age went on the annuity rolls at once. Senator McKellar voted against final passage of the bill be cause, he said, die did not believe in retirement for elected officials, but declared that if they are to be included it should be on the same basis as the older executive em ployes were retired when the law was started. Accordingly, he voted also against the Bury amendment. Senator Norris, Independent, of Nebraska also voted against passage of the bill, declaring he thought the Byrd amendment to require back payments from lawmakers was fair. “As the bill now stands,’’ said the Nebraskan, one of the oldest mem bers of the Senate, “it has an in justice in it favorable to ourselves.” Senate Pays Tribute To Carole Lombard (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) The Senate halted its business today to hear a brief tribute paid by Senator Willis, Republican, of In diana to Carole Lombard, movie actress, killed in a plane crash last week. Senator Willis praised Miss Lom bard as “a great actress and a loyal citizenciting her sales of more than $2,000,000 in defense bonds at an Indianapolis rally last week. Two Die in Air Crash CORDELL, Okla., Jan. 1$ (IP).—A flight instructor and a mechanic attached to the Army Air Corps Basic Training School at Enid were killed today in the crash of a train ing plane. The two were identified as Second Lt. Paul W. Anthony, 25, Winne bago. Minn., and Staff Scrgt. John W. Hinkle, Canute, Okla. Wartime Wire-Control Bill Is Sent to White House B> the. AuocUted Preu. The Senate passed and sent to the White House today legislation giv ing the President war-time control over the Nation’s wire communica tion facilities after sponsors had promised this did not presage Gov ernment operation of telephone and telegraph systems. Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana, floor leader for the House approved measure, told his col leagues the President must have the authority to exercise control over telephone, telegraph and cables If the need arose. While the bill would permit the Government to take over actual phy sical operation of the communica tion systems, Senator Wheeler said there was no intention to do this except in isolated instances. During war and for six months after the bill would authorize the President to suspend or change ex isting rules and regulations govern ing wire communications, shut down any communication facilities entirely or authorise their use by any Gov ernment agency. Senator White, Republican, of Maine said be had talked with tele phone officials and bad found that they were “entirely satisfied’’ with the legislation. NORFOLK.—RESCUED AT SEA—Survivors of the tanker Allan Jackson, torpedoed and sunk off the North Carolina coast yes terday, get coffee and sandwiches at the Naval Base here shortly after their arrival. Left to right: Jeremiah J. Donovan (seated!, Aracello Lopez, Elmo E. Burden, Teague F. Burke and On is M. May. —A. P, Wirephoto. — Volunteers Sought In District to Fight Possible Gas Attacks Thousand Invited To Enroll for Field Squads and Stations A call for a thousand volun teers to form decontamination ■quads In the District Civilian Defense program was issued late today by Civilian Defense Co ordinator John Russell Young. The volunteers would man 25 field squads and 10 degassing stations. Volunteers were asked to report to Capt. Walter D. Roberts, former safety engineer in gas study experi ments at American University and Catholic University during the last World War, at Room 508 of the District Building, or through the Civilian Defense Volunteer Office at 501 Pennsylvania avenue N.W. Some knowledge of chemistry is desired, it was stated. Officials said field units will con sist of 26 men each, whose duty it will be, in the event of gas being used against the Capital, to with draw victims to the degassing sta tions. The degassing stations will have staffs of 11 men, 11 women, a doctor and a nurse. At these sta tions victims would be given pre liminary treatment and either be sent home or routed to specialized care. Washington laundries, it was said, have made arrangements as a public service to decontaminate clothing. Victims will be loaned temporary clothing where necessary at the degassing stations. The volunteers will be given spe cial training and an estimated $25, 000 will be sought to equip them with the proper clothing. Eight hundred and seventy vol unteers would be required to man the 10 degassing stations and 25 field squads, but a thousand are being sought to make allowances for un availability of some at certain times. So far as is known, it was said, gas has been used only three times in recent warfare—once by the Ital ians against the Ethiopians and twice by the Japanese. Frederick Work Dies; Was Colored Composer Br tbs Associated Press. BORDENTOWN, N. J„ Jan. 19.— Frederick J. Work, colored com poser and supervisor of music for 22 years at the New Jersey Manual Training School here, died yester day. Among his compositions were “Suite Negre” aand “String Quartet in F.” He was a native of Nashville, Tenn., and was graduated from Fisk University there. 4 Ships Off Philippines Hit, Japanese Claim Br the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 19.—Reuters heard a Tokio broadcast today reporting a Japanese Imperial Headquarters claim that Japanese naval aircraft yesterday scored direct hits on "four enemy ships totaling 5.500 tons” off the Philippine Island of Cebu. GUIDE FOR READERS Page. Page. Amusements, Lost, Found. A-S B-14 Obituary ... A-12 Comics . B-lt-13 Radio.B-12 Editorials ..A-l# Serial Story, B-4 Editorial Society_B-3 Articles_A-U Sports A-14-15 Financial ..A-l* Where to Go, B-2 Legal Notices, Woman's Page, B-U B-l fComplete Index, Page A-l.) Survivor of Torpedoed Tanker To Join Navy to Seek Revenge "Stabbed in Dark Without Warning/ He Says; 7 Near Death in Propeller Blades (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Br tbe A&socisted Press. NORFOLK, Va., Jan. 19—Sur vivors of the tanker- Allan Jackson said today that the torpedo which sunk their ship off the coast of North Carolina was fired without warning. Onis M. May. able seaman from Panama City, Fla., swearing ven geance for what he termed a “stab in the dark." said he was going to join the Navy immediately. Although seven of the survivors had spent six terrifying hours in an open boat, battling to stay clear of the section of the sinking vessel and the oil flames on the water about her, they appeared to be suffering little from shock. Six of their rescued mates were in hos pitals and 32 others were presumed lost. Tells of Explosion. Rolf Clausen, boatswain, who was In charge of the only lifeboat which managed to clear the flaming tanker, was In the mess shack haring a cup of coffee when the first shock was felt. “I ran out on deck." he said, “and then there was another explosion The ship seemed to be parting in the middle and there was Are every where. ‘The No. 3 lifeboat in the stem was being lowered. I jumped in and we managed to get her down after some little trouble. “Then we had a scare that was (See ALLAN JACKSON. Page 2-X.) Late News Bulletins * British Torpedo Axis Tanker and Destroyer CAIRO, Egypt UP).—British naval aircraft scored torpedo hits on a large Axis tanker and a destroyer in the Central Mediterranean Saturday night, the R. A. F. announced to night. The attacks were made successfully, despite a heavy rainstorm, and both vessels came to a standstill, the com munique said. Russians Report Recapture of Konbrovo MOSCOW (Tuesday) <£*).—The Russians announced today that their troops had recaptured Konbrovo “in the Smolensk district,” and other inhabited localities in a steady drive westward on the central front. (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) F. S. A. Units to Go on 44-Hour Week Member agencies of the Federal Security Agency, both here and In the field, will go on a 44-hour week beginning next Monday, Administrator Paul V. McNutt announced to day. The order affects the Social Security Board, Public Health Service, Office of Education. N. Y. A., C. C. C., Food and Drug Administration and Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Service. House Approves La Guardia The House approved and sent to the Senate today com promise legislation authorizing Mayor La Guardia of New York, as civilian defense director, to spend $100,000,000 for the civilian defense program. The action came after the House rejected, 172-167, a demand by Republicans for the original House bill, which vested control of the program in the War Department. (Earlier Defense Story on Page A-l.) Ok 1,799 Additional Ships Asked in House Legislation authorizing construction of 1,799 combatant, auxiliary and patrol vessels, in addition to those previously authorized, was introduced in .the House today by Chairman Vinson of the Naval Affairs Committee. Under the measure, the Secretary of the Navy would be authorized to provide up to $750,000,000 for equipment, facilities and land to carry out the program. Axis Accused of Trying to Block Rio Parley i RIO DE JANEIRO <JP).—Ezequiel Padilla, Mexican Foreign Minister, today accused Axis agents of trying to keep some South American nations from severing relations with the Axis. “We know that Axis agents are working in their well known fashion, which is very skillful, to keep some American countries from breaking off relations,” Padilla, attending the conference of American foreign ministers here, said in an interview. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Eicher Reported Favorably The Senate Judiciary Committee today made a favorable report on the nomination of Edward C. Eicher, chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, to be chief Justice of the District Court. r r C. 1.0. Board to Study Lewis Peace Plan at Meeting Saturday Green Denies A. F. L. Already Has Agreed On Slate of Officers (Earlier Story on Page A-8.) John L. Lewis’ proposal that the C. I. O. and A. F. L. resume their peace talks will be consid ered by the C. 1. O. Executive Board at a meeting Saturday, Philip Murray, president of the C. I. O.. revealed today. Mr. Murray, according to an As sociated Press dispatch from New York, said he had advised Mr. Lewis, president of the United Mine Work ers of America, that he would sub mit the proposal to the board. At the same time, William Green, president of the A. F. L., issued a statement here denying that the Executive Council of his organiza tion had agreed already on a peace proposal or a slate of officers, as re ported today by the New York Times. Mr. Green said there was “abso lutely no truth” in the Times story. Mr. Murray pointed out in a let i ter to Mr. Lewis, his predecessor as j head of the C. F. O., that all arrange ; ments in behalf of the C. I. O. “with I reference to unity with the Amer ican Federation of Labor will neces sarily have to be initiated through the office of the president of the Congress of Industrial Organiza tions." In the letter Mr. Murray said that “I am sure the executive board will be pleased to have you attend to present your viewpoint.” Murray said at a press conference that he would not care to express his own reaction to the peace pro posal prior to the meeting of the executive board. i He pointed out that it had been more than two years since C. I. O - A. P. L. representatives had con ferred on the problem of uniting into a single labor organization. Mr. Murray said that his prime work at the moment "and for some time to come will be with this wage scale negotiation (between Steel Workers’ Organizing Committee and "Little Steel” representatives! which necessarily are of more importance than any other matters now pend ing.” “So far as the president of the C. I. O. is concerned,” Mr. Murray said, “his purpose is to give all his time to the steel workers’ negotia tions until they are concluded. “That relegates the question of so-called peace to the status of sec ondary consideration.” Meets With Steel Delegates. As to comment on a suggestion that under one proposed peace for mula he would become secretary treasurer of a combined labor or ganization, Mr. Murray"said “I think I can speak for myself and nobody can trade me for a job. “The job is not sufficient alluring where principles are involved.” Mr. Murray met this morning (See LABOR, Page 2-X.l Villar Is Released; Flying Here for Bout (Earlier Story on Page A-15.) Claudio Villar, Spanish refugee who has been living in Cuba and was detained for a passport hearing in Miami, Fla., by immigration offi cials, has been released and will fight Bob Pastor here tomorrow in a 10-round bout at Turner’s Arena) Promoter Joe Turner announced to day after a long-distance phone conversation with the boxer. Villar, who has been living in Cuba on a Spanish passport, was ex pected to board a 2:15 plane at Miami and fly here for the fight which was postponed until 10 p.m. tomorrow. Americans Hit Malayan Field For First Time Australians Hold Above Singapore; Burma Port Lost BULLETIN. The War Department re ported late today that Amer ican Army bombers had shot down nine enemy planes In a fight in the Netherlands In dies, and, striking for the first time in Malaya, had success fully raided a Japanese-held airdrome. By the Associated Press. The Australian imperial force turned back waves of Japanese attackers today in the fierce de fense of Singapore, fulcrum of the United Nations’ defense sys tem in the Southwest Pacific region. However, in the Burma zone, north of Malaya, the British an nounced they had withdrawn from a southern port, Tavoy, Just across from Japanese-occupied Thailand, before superior Japanese forces facing the Imperials. A Rangoon communique added that the Japan ese were believed already to have based fighter planes on Tavoy. Maj. Gen. Gordon Bennett, com mander of the A. I. F., announced that some of his troops had been sent ‘‘to stabilize the position” in the Muar River area, where British Indian troops had fallen back be fore the attackers. “Almost immediately after the Australians had taken up positions the enemy launched a vigorous tank attack which was beaten off by our troops. The enemy lost eight tanks," Gen. Bennett reported to the Aus tralian Army Ministry at Melbourne. Hold Ground Everywhere. “Again this morning—Monday— the enemy attacked again, and again were defeated by our troop*. Aus tralians are holding their ground everywhere.” The Muar River zone, about 90 miles northwest of Singapore, had developed as the softest spot of the elastic defense line through Johore stftte. The Japanese had threatened to turn the entire defense line by infiltrations and direct assaults in that region, near the coast. So confident were the Japanese that they had found an easy road I to Johore Strait and Singapore that Tokio claimed its flag flew less than 1 25 miles from the naval base. Despite the hard-fighting stand of the Australian troops, however, word j received in Melbourne indicated that | the position in southern Malaya is | serious, particularly in view of in ; sufficient air strength. More Reinforcements Due. Valuable air reinforcements have reached Malaya, but not apparently in sufficient strength to overcome Japanese air superiority. The Australian Associated Press reported that important messages received from the British govern ment during the last 48 hours were believed to contain assurances that more reinforcements “are being ar ranged and will be dispatched as soon as possible.” The Rangoon communique an nouncing the withdrawal from Ta voy said the action was carried out in the face of superior enemy forces and put Burma's defenders in more favorable positions. British planes, it said, carried out several raids resulting in the de struction of one enemy aircraft on an occupied airfield. Important Coastal City. Tavoy is one of the two most important coastal cities in the Bur ma panhandle, the 400-mile-long slice of the Malay peninsula, which extends side by side with Thailand territory. Tavoy, 200 miles down the pan handle, has been used as an air base by the British, who have been attacking Japanese airfields at Bangkok and other places in Thai land. With a population of 25.000. it also is a center of Burma's tin in dustry. The Japanese drove west nearly 35 miles from the Thailand border in four days to take the town after fighting with imperial troops at Myitta, some 12 miles inside the Burma frontier. Presumably the British retired to the north toward Moulmein, the chief town in the panhandle, which is some 170 miles overland through rough mountainous country. Michigan Legislature Meets LANSING, Mich., Jan. 19 Michigan’s 61st Legislature convened today in special session and re ceived from Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner requests for $5,500,000 to finance the State's war effort. The Governor also asked for new laws designed to meet emergency perils. Late Races Earlier Results, Rossvan’s, Other Selection* and Entries for To morrow, Page Z-X. Hialeah Park SIXTH RACK—Puns $1,200; claim let; 3-year-olds: 1% mile, Bonn!# Oolos (Smith) 83.70 20.00 10.10 Anonymous (McCreary) 4.20 3.70 Shllka (Brunellt) 7.80 Tim*. 1:63%. Also ran—Sun Hera. Miss Carman. Small Wonder. Oar Chic. Dot Says Hot, Infant Quean and Marbank. SBVBMTH RACE—Purse. SI,200; claim* Ins: 3-year-olda; 1% ml lea Smart (Day) 9.10 8.00 4.00 Blasint Glory (Bodlou) 8.90 8 30 Plaahalont (McCreary) 6.80 Also ran—Marral. Sister Don. Tower Maid. Wsddy. Jaeobelie. Sold Coin Miss. Mellow and Shemlte.