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Colder tonight, lowest temperature near freez ing. Temperatures today—Highest, 45. at 2:15 p.m.; lowest, 41, at 6:15 a.m.; 43 at 4 p.m. Prom the United States Weather Bureau Report. Full Details on Page A-2. I Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 14. NIGHT FINAL SPORTS (4») Maana Aaaaclatad Praaa. 90th YEAR. No. 35,693. WASHINGTON, D. TUESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1942 - THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. THREE CENTS. MORE U. S. SHIPS ATTACKED IN ATLANTIC Goldsborough" Steps Out ot Viereck Trial Jurist's Withdrawal Follows Government Protest of Bias (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Justice T. Alan Goldsborough withdrew this afternoon as the jurist scheduled to preside in the pending trial at District Court of George Sylvester Viereck, in dicted Nazi agent. His withdrawal followed protests charging he was too biased for the Government to secure a fair trial. The action came before the Justice Department carried out its intention of seeking a writ requiring Justice Goldsborough to disqualify himself. Justice Goldsborough will certify the case to another District Court jurist. The trial of Viereck on charges that he failed to register fully with the State Department as a foreign agent is tentatively sched uled for February 4. Announcement that Justice Golds borough would not sit in the case followed a series of conferences. William E. Leahy, prominent Wash ington attorney, acted as a friend of the court and aided in bringing about the change of plans. Affidavit Recalled. Earlier it was reported that So licitor General Charles Fahy was ready to ask the Court of Appeals for writs of prohibition and manda mus requiring Justice Goldsborough to disqualify himself from presiding JUSTICE GOLDSBOROUGH. at the trial. The subsequent de velopment apparently obviated such action. Although George Power Maloney and George E. McNulty, special as sistant to the Attorney General, conferred with Chief Justice D. Lawrence Groner of the Court of Appeals, no papers were filed re questing a writ in the case. The Government, meantime, offi cially recalled an affidavit of preju dice which Mr. Maloney had filed charging Justice Goldsborough with being biased in the Viereck case. Mr. Maloney in ODen court before Justice Goldsborough withdrew his affidavit and urged the jurist to re consider the previous action in set ting the Viereck trial for tomorrow. Mr. Maloney askPd for a contin uance of the case because of "com pelling reasons." He added that there are several witnesses involved in the case who are scheduled to go before the grand jury later this week. February 4 Agreed On. Justice Goidsborough observed that he presumed the evidence of these witnesses before the grand jury might have a bearing on the Viereck case. Mr. Maloney suggested tentatively that February 2 be set for the trial and said he had planned a confer ence with Defense Counsel Emil Morosini, jr., of New York, here on Thursday. Then, he said, the trial date would finally be deter mined. Justice Goldsborough said he has scheduled an anti-trust case, deal ing with the price of bread in Wash ington, before him on February 4. He said that if a later date than tomorrow was set, it would be nec essary to set the case down before another judge. Clerk Samuel Silverman called the attention of the court to the fact that February 2 is the last date for the present jury. A new jury will be drawn on February 3. R. A. F. Cadet Escapes Death Second Time By the Associated Press. TUSCALOOSA. Ala.. Jan. 20.—The luck that brought him through a freak sky tumble six days ago worked on the ground today for R. A. F. Cadet Derek M Sharp of York shire, England. He was seated in his plane at an auxiliary landing field when another student flyer's plane swooped down, sheared awav a large hunk of Cadet Sharp's plane, swung aloft and then returned*, undamaged, to a perfect landing. Although the moving plane’s pro-1 peller missed him only by inches, Cadet- Sharp emerged unhurt and smiling to declare that the narrow escape was nothing compared to his experience of last week. At that time he was tossed out of a plane flown bv an instructor, landed (straddle the tail and rode safely to •arth. Reds Announce Capture of Mozhaisk (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) By th« Associated Press. MOSCOW, Jan. 20.—The Rus sian high command tonight an nounced capture of Mozhaisk. This was the first word on the situation in Mozhaisk, 57 miles west of Moscow, since the army news paper Red Star announced early yesterday that Red troops were fighting the Germans in the streets and that the city was in flames. | Some 100.000 crack German troops have been reported in the Mozhaisk salient, with three divisions defend ing the city itself. The city was the base of the last surviving German salient within a | 100-mile radius of the Soviet cap j ital. The victory, which appeared directly to imperil the 100,000 Nazi troops in that sector and indirectly to threaten the whole of the pres ent German central line in Russia, was one of the most important for Red arms since the great Soviet counteroffensive began. I Henderson Warns Gasoline Dealers Not to Raise Prices Threatens to Impose Ceilings Unless Rates Stay at Nov. 7 Level Retail dealers in all grades of gasoline received notice from Price Administrator Leon Hen derson today that their prices must remain at or below the level of last November 7, or a price ceiling will be imposed. The warning was contained in a general letter to producers, refiners and marketers of petroleum prod ucts clarifying price questions on petroleum and a list of specified petroleum products which tem porarily are pegged at the Novem ber 7 level. While gasoline sold at service stations, curbside pumps, marine service stations and other retail outlets was not formally included in the list of affected products, Mr. Henderson's letter said: “It must be understood, however, that these prices should remain sub stantially at or below November 7 levels. If they do not, a formal ceiling order will be promulgated placing them under full control.” Tax Added Here. The price of gasoline here has not fluctuated since November 7, al though an additional 1-cent tax has been added. Not counting the tax, the price of regular gasoline per gallon is 13 cents. The total (See GASOLINE, Page 2-X.) House Unit Leaves Tonight To Probe Lombard Crash (Earlier Story on Page A-5.) A special congressional investigat ing committee will leave Washington tonight for Las Vegas, Nev., to try to determine the cause of the crash of a T. W. A. transport that resulted in the death of Carole Lombard and 21 other persons, including 15 Army pilots. The investigators, headed bv Rep resentative Nichols, Democrat, of Oklahoma, were given authority by the House to inquire into 1942 commercial air mishaps. Late Bulletins R. A. F. Raids Sicily CAIRO WPt.—The R. A. F. Middle East command an nounced tonight that a raid on the Catania (Sicily) Air drome Sunday night caused “many explosions’’ and set a number of fires. A number of enemy planes were fired in an attack on Comiso, also in Sicily, the communique said. Vargas Plea Reported RIO DE JANEIRO <A>)._ President Getulio Vargas of Brazil was reported authori tatively tonight to be tele phoning Acting President Ramon S. Castillo of Argen tina in an effort to obtain an immediate Argentine decision cn breaking relations with the Axis powers. (Earlier Story on Page A-6.) New War Board Meets Chairman Donald M. Nel son described the initial meeting of the new War Pro duction Board as “very, very successful” as the session broke up at the O. P. M. board room late today. (Earlier Story on Page A-15.) Gonzaga Beats Devitt Gonzaga defeated Devitt, 39 to 22, in a basket ball game at Gonzaga’s gym today. Gon zaga led at half time, 18 to 11. Nolan and Lauck starred for the winners. Tech Loses to Roosevelt Roosevelt defeated Tech, 31 to 28, in a basket ball game this afternoon at the losers’ gymnasium. Fred Redinger was high scorer for Roosevelt with 14 points. Thompson of Tech had 8. U S. Taking War To All Fronts, President Says Roosevelt Statement Reassures China And Australia (Earlier Story on Page A-6.) By JOHN C. HENRY. Wartime staff studies among the United Nations involves of fensive and defensive combat on every continent and in all the seven seas, President Roosevelt told a press conference late today. Joint technical committees of the united front already are formulating and applying plans for production of supplies, their transportation and the assign ment of fighting men wherever action is believed likely. One can look at a map of the world and assume that the anti Axis bloq is doing something at vir tually every point, the President as serted as questioners pressed him for details on operations. The Chief Executive's remarks were of a type to give reassurance to China and Australia, where some uneasiness has been reported over the possibility that American sup plies might go more into the battle against Hitler rather than into the fight against Japan. U. S. Doing Its Best. A reporter called the President’s attention to these reports and the Chief Executive declared that he thought nobody need have any fear at all. We are doing the best we can. he added. The Chinese Ambassador, the President asserted, fully understands the situation. As for recent submarine attacks on shipping along the Atlantic sea board. Mr. Roosevelt asserted that he thought there was no connection between them and the conference of American nations in Rio de Janeiro. He recladde that he had prophesied several weeks ago that subs soon would be operating along the Amer ican coast. The Chief Executive's generalized comment on the comprehenaivenau of the united war plans was launch ed by questioning about official statements that this Government considers Hitler and Nazi Germany the really Important enemy. Such an expressed attitude already has brought criticism from certain por tions of the united bloc among them Chinese sources, who fear that it may indicate slackening of effort in other directions. Aid Rushed to Pacific. Mr. Roosevelt said that excellent progress is being made at strength ening United States forces in the southwest Pacific. Earlier in the day. Lt. Gov. Gen. Hubertus J. Van Mook of the Netherlands Indies said after a White House conference with the President that he had found that a very great effort is being made to rush tools and reinforce ments to the Pacific sector. Informed that there has been pub lic questioning about whereabouts of the fleet while enemy submarines have been sinking merchant ship ping off the Atlantic Coast, Mr. Roosevelt said he supposed the only convincing answer would be to show the location of every American na val vessel. Obviously, he added, this must not be done. Mr. Roosevelt opened his comer - ence by saying that he has asked for full information on the status of the Pacific Coast highway to Alaska. It is his present under standing, he added, that there is a disagreement over exact location of the proposed right of way. The President then discussed the advisability of breaking down the pending $900,000,000 rivers and har bors authorization bill to put im mediately essential projects in one list and non-defense plans in an other. The latter, he explained either would not be authorized at the present time or funds would not be appropriated to carry out the authorizations. The same procedure might be fol lowed with regard to public works and highway projects, he said, al though the formality of authorizing such programs would make them more quickly available for post-war application. The President said he was meeting with Army and Navy officials this week to consider the question of continuing enlistments in the face of the expanded Selective Service program. Mr. Roosevelt would make no com ment on the proposal of John L. Lewis for a resumption of peace ne gotiations between the A. P. L. and C. I. O.. remarking that all he knew about the matter at present was what he had read in the papers. In response to a question, the President said he knew of no imme diate plans for evacuation or removal of war industries from coastal areas. Emphasis at present, he continued, is on selecting and developing in land localities where there might be future concentrations of industry. The President refused to reveal the nature of the mission selected for Patrick J. Hurley, Secretary of War for part of the Hoover administra tion, whom he has nominated to be a brigadier general. GUIDE FOR READERS Page. | Amusements, B-16! Comics . B-14-15 Editorial_A-8 Editorial Comment .A-9 Legal Notices _.--C-5 Page. Finance_A-14 Obituary __.A-14 Radio _B-14 Serial Story . B-5 Society .. _ B-3 Sports A-ll-13 Woman’s Page .... B-14 | 'Complete Index, Page A-!.. NEWPORT NEWS, VA.—TORPEDOED TANKER LIMPS INTO PORT—Crew members of the S. S. Malay, a tanker torpedoed and shelled by an Axis submarine off the Carolina coast, stand around a gaping hole blasted in the deck by a torpedo. The raider at tacked the 8,206-ton ship yesterday. Five of her crew of 34 were killed. Michael Zack, Philadelphia seaman, inspecting a section of the crew’s mess hall hit by a shell. $300,000,000 Asked For Workers Laid Off ' By Plant Changeovers President Says States' Unemployment Benefits Are Not Enough BT the Associated Presa. President Roosevelt asked Con gress today for a $300,000,000 appro priation for unemployment com pensation benefits for workers tem porarily thrown out of work by con version of industrial plants to war time uses. He sent a letter to Speaker Ray burn recommending the appropria tion and a plan for providing weekly benefits to qualified workers. The President said the program should be controlled by the Social Security Board and would supple ment State unemployment conpen sation programs. During the conversion period in plants, he said, there was bound to be distress. Present unemployment compensation laws offer "some pro tection'’ but they are not enough, Mr. Roosevelt commented. The plan would provide a maxi mum of $24 a week for 26 weeks to an estimated 4,000.000 men. The Federal Government would con tribute the whole $24 where workers are not now receiving State unem ployment compensation. In the case of workers who do receive such State aid, the Government will make up the difference. Workers receiving the benefits would be required to enter a 26-week ttraining course for war industry under the plan. Congressional leaders and Paul V. McNutt, Social Security adminis trator, estimated after a White House conference last Saturday that the total cost to the Government (ConUnuedon Page 2-X7Column 6) Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, Jan. 20 (#).—Stocks steady; carriers extend advance. Bonds higher; rail loans continue climb. Cotton higher; active mill and trade demand. Wool tops steady; trade buying. CHICAGO.—Wheat steady; in definite status of price-fixing bill. Com higher, in sympathy with wheat. Hogs steady to 10 lower; top, $11.15; slow trading. Cattle, steers mainly weak to 25 lower; fairly liberal receipts. Nick Athens of Lecompte, La., crewman, gazes through two large shell holes blown into the tanker’s side by direct hits below deck. Despite this heavy shelling the raider failed to make ! the kill. (Story on Page A-l.) —A- P- Wirephotos. Ghezzi Begins Training As Private in Army By the Associated Press. PORT MONMOUTH. N. J., Jan. 20.—Vic Ghezzi, 31, national Profes sional Golfers’ Association cham pion, began recruit training today as a private in the Army. Ghezzi, a resident of Rumson and pro at the nearby Deal Golf Club, enlisted yesterday at this Signal Corps post and was sworn in as a member of the station service unit and assigned to the detached en listed men’s list. After three weeks of preliminary training, Ghezzi will be assigned to a specific task. Ghezzi flew back last week from tournaments on the Pacific Coast to volunteer. He is not married. Yugoslavs Say Nazis Razed Three Towns in Reprisal By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 20.—The Yugoslav govemment-in-exile today quoted eye-witnesses as authority for a re port that German dive bombers and artillery leveled three Yugoslav towns in reprisal for raids by the Yugoslav army of Gen. Draja Mi hailovic. These reports also said typhus was raging in Belgrade, where the food situation was “precarious,” especially because of an acute shortage of milk for children. “No liviiig soul has been left" in Rudnik, 100 miles south of Belgrade, and Uzice and Gomji Milanovac, 80 miles south of Belgrade, also are in ruins as the result of German at tacks, it was said. The Germans were declared to have shot hundreds of persons at Uzice. The bodies were thrown into a ditch and tanks were run over the earth to conceal the grave, the eye witness was quoted as saying. Tool Designer Dies CLEVELAND, Jan. 20 MP).—Fred erick B. Jacobs, 62, tool designer and former editor of the trade publica tion Abrasive Industry, died today. Mr. Jacobs designed tools with which Liberty motors were built in the First World War. U. S. 'E-Boat' Sinks Jap Ship Of 5,000 Tons Torpedo Craft Makes Night Attack in Philippine Bay BULLETIN. The Navy announced to day that enemy submar ines operating off the At lantic Coast had made sev eral attacks on vessels other than the three sink ings of tankers and one damaging already an nounced. Vessels involved in these new attacks were not identified and no de tails were given. The Navy also an nounced that a motor tor pedo boat of Admiral Thomas S. Hart’s Western Pacific command had en tered Binanga Bay, inside the entrance of Subic Bay in the Philippine Islands and had torpedoed an un identified enemy vessel of 5,000 tons in a daring at tack. This venture was carried out under fire of Japanese machine guns and 3-inch shore batteries and for its successful execution Lt. John D. Bulkeley of Long Island City, New York, has been officially commended. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. A second enemy penetration of Southern Burma was reported in London today as Japanese war planes again smashed at the port of Sabang on the island of We, northwest of Sunagtra. Netherlands air forces, mean while, struck back with two raids on the Japanese-occupied airport at Kuching in Sarawak. Borneo. The new penetration of Burma, the Indian radio at Madras said, was be ing made by Thai forces fighting for Japan. The border was crossed in the vicinity of Myawaddi. about 60 miles northeast of Moulmein, and fighting was reported continuing. North of First Invasion. This zone is north of the previous Japanese push, which has taken the port and air base of Tavoy in the panhandle region of Burma The newly invaded sector is near the top of the Gulf of Martaban, around which the Japanese would have to drive to reach Rangoon, capital and chief port of Burma and supply harbor for the Burma Road. The radio said Japanese air forces had renewed their assaults both on Rangoon and Moulmein—of whose pagodas Kipling sang—during the last 24 hours. Warplanes of the United Nations, it added, have been over enemy occupied territory on aerial scouting missions throughout the day. The Japanese airfield was dam aged and fires were started when the Dutch struck at Kuching, the Neth erlands report declared. Exchange Telegraph in London (See FAREAST, Page 2-XJ Late Races Earlier Results, Rom van'*. Other Selections and Entries tor To morrow, Page 2-X. Hialeah Park FIFTH RACE—Purse. $1.40(1; allowances; 3- year-olds: l mile (chute' Wood Robin (Hanford! 6.20 3 00 2 TO Five-o-Ei*ht 'James' 8 80 4 30 Horn iMehrtens' 3.00 Time. 1:404-5. Also ran—Nestonian. Bayridge On the Fence. Raisin Bread and Catcall. SIXTH RACE—Purse. $1,500: allow ances: 4-year-olds and upward, l'» miles Belle Poise (Meadei 8.30 4 50 3.50 0«e Jest (McCreary) 8.40 3 00 Pet (Atkinson! 3.TO Time. 1:54 1-5 Also ran—Kasidah and Jeiebel II. SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $1,200; claim ing: 4-year-olds and upward, 1,’. miles Greedan (Mehrtensi 39.80 19.30 11,10 Robert E. Lee (Schmidl) 5.TO 4 40 Run By (Day) 4.90 Time. 2:01 2-5 Also ran—Exploration. Starlike. Moja. Bright Gray. A1 Au Feu. Waugh Pop and Unknown Land. Fair Grounds SECOND RACE—Purse. $800: claiming: 3 and 4 year olds; maidens: 1 mile and TO yards. Winged Aiarlah (Guerini 6.80 2.so 2 20 Liberty Cloud (Parisei 3.20 2.HO Plplsd (Milligan) 2.80 Time, 1:46 2-5. Also ran—Bootsey Byrd. Empire Isle. Delivery. Playful Lass Majestic. Golden Ford and Ground CliDPer. (Dally Double Dald $618.80.) THIRD RACE—Purse. $600; special weights; 2-year-olds, maidens: 2 furlongs Roziante (Oros) 18.60 9 20 6.20 Takeaway (Fallon) 4 60 3 40 Blue Northern (8conza) 6.40 Time. 0:23 2-5. Also ran—Flying Ned. f Farm Lady. Scout Real f Glen Valley. Double Brab. Playful Pal. Junior Miss. Valdina Rocket and f Cotplay. f Field. FOURTH RACE—Purse. $600: claiming: 4- year-olds and upward: 6 furlongs. Cocklebur (Barben 13.80 4.40 3.40 Red Idol (Whiting) 2.80 2.40 Miss Brakes (Ouerin) 11.60 Time, 1:13 3-5. Also ran—Ten Blow. Travis L . IDodgw Me. Grill. Jean Lee. Otark. Onlg fGet about. (Barbara A. (Field. FIFTH RACE—Purse. $600: claiming; 4-year-olds and upward: 6 furlonts. Linger (George) 12.80 3.60 2.80 Argella (Ouernn' 2.80 2.20 Mltmark (Brookg) 3.00 Time. 1:13 1-6 Also ran—Wise Dean. Blon Gla. Silver Wind. Chanting.