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Agree to Boost Administrator's Pay House and Senate Groups Fail to Agree on Other Disputed Provisions By the Associated Press. A joint congressional committee agreed today to raise the annual salary of the price control adminis trator to $12,000 a year, but failed to reach a compromise on numerous other controversial features of the wartime price-control legislation. Chairman Brown of tne Senate conferees told reporters that the House conferees had receded from their provision that the salary be $10,000. “We agreed to raise Mr. Hender son’s salary and talked over the buying and selling provisions,” Sen ator Brown said. Leon Henderson, now controlling prices under a presi dential order, told Congress he ex pected to be reappointed to any price-fixing job authorized by the legislation. He now receives a $10, 000 salary. Senate Democratic Leader Barkley told reporters that the price-control dispute had been discussed at a White House conference of congres sional leaders, adding that he ex pected the Senate-House committee would be able to "get together” on a compromise, although it was uncer tain when this would be. Difficulties Were Discussed. “I discussed some of the difficulties that faced the Conference Com mittee.” Senator Barkley said of the visit with President Roosevelt. Senator Brown’s reference to the “buying and selling” provisions was authority to buy, store or sell various commodities in an effort to control their prices. Both the House and Senate approved these activities with certain restrictions. It was indicated a compromise might be near on the highly con troversial farm sections. With leaders reported to have sug gested that President Roosevelt be given the final decision on agricul ture prices, members said that horse trading apparently was under way for the first time since the group began its discussions last week. The presidential check was said to have been proposed in an effort to compromise a Senate - approved amendment by Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of Alabama, which would empower the Secretary of Agricul ture to veto any ceilings that might be placed on farm prices by the ad ministrator proposed in the bill. Bankhead Opposes Plan. It was suggested instead, in formed sources said, that the ad ministrator be allowed to fix the price. If the Agriculture Secretary found fault with the stipulated fig ure he could refer the matter to the President for a final decision. It was evident, however, that Senator Bankhead had no relish for i such a proposal. He told reporters he was confident his amendment would remain in the bill as the Senate approved it and he claimed almost unanimous backing by farm organizations. The President pre viously had opposed the suggested dual controls over farm prices. An amendment by Senator O’Mah oney, Democrat, of Wyoming, to aid farm prices, seemed to have lost ground in the discussions. This pro vision. which would link farm prices to industrial wages, was strongly opposed by the President, who argued it would cause the spiraling of all prices. May Gain One Point. Most conferees seemed to think, however, that Senator O’Mahoney would gain one point—the inclusion of last December 15, as well as Oc tober 1, as a date to be reckoned with in fixing farm ceilings. The House and Senate marked time with miscellaneous bills await ing conclusion of the conference. The House Appropriations Commit tee went to work on President Roosevelt’s request for $28,000,000, 000 for the Army and Navy, with leaders predicting that the huge wartime supply bill would be ready In short order. As wartime legislation was pushed yesterday a bill granting President Roosevelt power to take over wire communication facilities won final congressional approval. Assurance that no plan for Gov ernment operation of the telephone and telegraph systems as a whole was under consideration had been given by Chairman Wheeler of the Senate Interstate Commerce Com mittee in response to questions by Senators Taft. Republican, of Ohio; Vandenberg, Republican, of Michi gan, and others. Contending that power to take over wire communications was needed for any possible emergency, Senator Wheeler told his colleagues that “as one who opposed our en try into war until we were attacked, 1 am prepared to say that we've got to give the President the power to carry on the war successfully.” Powers granted by the bill are es sentially the same as those which the President now has over radio facilities, permitting him to regu late them, shut them down or take them over for Government use. O. C. D. Funds Voted. A $100,000,000 civilian defense au thorization also won final congres sional approval yesterday after House Republicans lost a last-ditch fight to keep it out of the hands of Fiorello La Guardia, civilian defense director. The House refused, 172 to 167, to send the bill back to a House-Senate conference committee and then ap proved the measure, 334 to 2. Senate approval quickly followed on a voice vote. The conference committee agreed give administration of the fund to Mayor La Guardia’s agency and to limit it to $100,000,000. Chairman Vinson of the House Naval Affairs Committee yesterday introduced legislation authorizing the construction of 1,799 combatant, auxiliary and patrol vessels in addi tion to those previously authorized. Congress in Brief TODAY. Senate: Considers nomination of Herbert W. Christenberry to be United States district attorney at New Orleans. Joint committee continues to seek agreement on price-control legisla tion. Elections Committee considers re port on contest against seating of Senator Langer, Republican, of North Dakota. House: Considers $450,000,000 naval shore facility bill. | SMALL VICTIM—Two-year-old Bonita Kuinders is shown with Mrs. Roosevelt in the Children’s Hospital clinic today during the annual visit of the President’s wife. Shown beside the child are the braces she must wear as a result of the crippling after-effects of infantile paralysis. —Star Staff Photo. China Willingly Gives Americans Control Of Burma Road Question of Setting Up Military Police System Not Yet Settled By LELAND STOWE, Foreign Correspondent of The Star »nd Chicago Daily News. RANGOON, Jan. 20.—Under the pressure of unprecedented attention from the British and American Governments and the pressure of the Pacific war's exigencies, an other attempt is being launched to reform the Burma road and elimi nate the contraband and racketeer ing abuses which have dominated its three and one-half year career. According to an announcement made here, the first step toward military control of the highway’s traffic was worked out with approval of the Chinese government. The new plan puts American Army officers attached to Gen. John Ma gruder's military mission to Chung king in charge of traffic over the entire 1.400 miles of Burma-Yun nan highway from Rangoon to Kun ming. The road was divided into segments and an American officer appointed to supervise each section in co-operation with Chinese offi cials. To this extent the Chinese au thorities, apparently with complete willingness and considerable relief, have handed over to the Americans the responsibility for taming the Burma road and increasing its monthly tonnage totals of lease lend war materials actually deliv ered to China. Co-operative Spirit Shown. A handful of American officers without even one company of troops obviously cannot police the road. It is also not yet known whether the American officers will be sup plied with adequate personnel to inspect thoroughly all lorries to pre vent the transportation of commer cial goods under guise of “war ma terials” or to maintain the neces sary number of checks and rechecks from one end of the road to the other. In any case the Chinese have now granted American Army officers su pervision of the Burma road, with policing machinery and similar es sentials still indefinite or not worked out, but with the Chinese authori ties unquestionably showing an ex tremely co-operative spirit. If the new program succeeds, of courre, the Chinese forces will receive much more lease-lend war materials than was ever possible in the past. It is clear, however, that the Chungking government is at last acting on the assumption that some thing drastic must be done to jolt the Burma road out of its doldrums. Under the Sino-American agree ment the new road supervision plan is being worked out in co-operation with Gen. Yu Pie-peng, who was named administrator of the Burma Yunnan highway by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek last August. Lt. Col. Adrian St. John, who was recently sent to Rangoon as Gen. Magruder’s representative, has been appointed by Gen. Magruder to su pervise the road traffic from Ran goon to a point about 300 miles inside China. St. John stated to day that the road is already “mili tarized” from Burma port as far as Paoshan in Yunnan Province. He did not state, however, how or when the road would be subjected to mili tary police or explain how much militarization would be possible without such police. New Depots to Be Created. The American officers plan to create new depots or relay points for lorries along the highway. This weed end Gen. Yu is scheduled to go to Lashio to confer with the officer of the Magruder mission there regarding the early elimina tion of the long, troublesome bot tlenecks, which was recommended by the committee of American transportation experts in their re port last August. Due to the labor shortage in Bur ma, the Chinese are sending 1,000 laborers to speed the loading and dispatching of lease-lend materials to China. The Chinese workmen will be directed by Chinese Army officers. Two hundred mechanics from the Chinese Military Labor Corps also are en route to Burma to increase the assembling of Ameri can trucks here. Scores more Amer Red Cross Seeks Funds for War The District Red Cross is ap pealing for $750,000 as its quota of the American Red Cross War Fund Campaign for $50, 000,000 to provide relief for American war victims and to carry on rapidly expanding Red Cross services for the armed forces. Today the District fund stands at $170,664.67. Checks should be made pay able to the American Red Cross and envelopes marked "For the War Fund.” Any bank will accept your coontribution and forward it to District Red Cross headquar ters, 2020 Massachusetts avenue N.W. There are also booths in leading hotels, department stores and at Union Station. Court-Martial to Give Colonel Opportunity To Defend Speeches Muhlenberg Expected To Contend Remarks Were to Aid Air Corps EJ the Associated Press. COLUMBUS, Ohio, Jan. 20 —The 5th Corps Area's retiring air officer, Col. H. C. Kress Muhlpnberg, was given an opportunity today at a court-martial to defend his state ments about the disposition of American-made warplanes. Friends expected Col. Muhlenberg, commandant of Hawaii's Hickam Field in 1937-38, to contend that his remarks, which the Army charges violated two articles of war, were intended to benefit the Air Corps. One statement, attributed to the ; colonel in a speech before the Curtiss Flying Club December 17, was: "You can’t send your planes all over the world and have them in Hawaii when they're needed.” The prosecution termed the re mark critical of American foreign policy. Col. Harley C. Dagley, trial judge advocate, disclosed that the prose cution would call only two more wit nesses. Six testified yesterday be fore the 10-offleer court. Three asserted that Col. Muhlen berg said the American public was the ‘ goat” of the disastrous Jap anese attack on Pearl Harbor be cause of the policy of sending Amer ican made planes to nations fight ing the Axis. The colonel, a veteran of 38 years in the Army, is 55 years old. He was eligible for retirement next month. One witness, Robert Olds, avia tion editor of the Columbus Citizen, testified that Col. Muhlenberg said ‘‘the Navy is a ‘gone gosling’ which has its place but it is a bad bad second to air power.” Mr. Olds said he believed the colonel did not men tion specifically the United States Navy. ican lorries are daily becoming available for the Chinese, who have already several thousands in China or en route. How many will be as signed to British forces in Burma, where they are urgently needed, is not yet known. Those here who are long familiar with Burma road abuses and prob lems frankly say that complete American military control of the highway unquestionably would re sult in greatly increased deliveries of lease-lend materials to China. They also say the appointment of three or four American officers can only be regarded as the first step in the right direction. Two Chief Factors. The effective development of the Burma road reform—late as the effort is in being launched—will de pend chiefly on two factors. First, on the degree of Chinese anxiety to clean up the road and put it on a strictly war-serving basis. Sec ond, on the personal acuteness, even more than upon the personal energy, of the American Army offi cers who have been appointed to supervise the road. Time alone will show the Chinese that the Americans immediately concerned are capable of supplying these essential elements to reform Burma road. j (Copyright 1812. Chicago Daily Newt, Inc.) Large Gifts Swell Red Cross War Fund Collections Here $3,000 Contributed by Woodward & Lothrop; Banks Make Donations A $3,000 contribution from Wood ward & Lothrop department store today encouraged volunteers seeking to raise the District's quota of $750,000 toward the Red Cross war fund. The Chesapeake & Potomac Tele phone Co. was leading the public utility group writh a total of $9,332, $7,500 of which was a company gift. The remainder represents the con tributions of individual employes. The total for the utility group to day was $9,420. The financial chairman, George O. Vass, today reported a number of large contributions from District ! banks. These included Riggs Na tional, $2,500; National Savings & Trust Co., $1,317; Liberty National, $231; Bank of Commerce & Savings, $100; Union Trust Co.. $300; Wash ington Loan & Trust Co.. $1,029: Second National Bank, $137, and National Metropolitan Bank of Washington. $500. Large Individual Donors. Among large individual donors to day were Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Everett, $130. The insurance group announced that Ellett & Short, Inc., had contributed $100. The growing scope of Red Cross activities in war time was illustrated by the fact that 11,000 inquiries were made of the American Red Cross about the safety of civilians and military personnel in the Pacific, Chairman Norman H. Davis an nounced. More than 3,000 of the queries were answered despite numerous difficulties. The bulk of the inquiries were from worried mothers, fathers and wives of men in the Philippines, ; Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and , other focal points of the war in the i Pacific. Heavy Burden of Relief. Mr. Davis said that more answers will be made to the inquiries when ! “the difficulties of shifting popula j tions, communications and trans portation have been overcome. Then, too, Red Cross chapters and field directors in the war zones are carry ing a heavy burden in other relief work.” Meanwhile, the American Red Cross announced a total of $30,698. 679 toward a minimum fund of $50, 000.000, with the Hawaiian Chapter reporting $82,000 and still raising money. S. Sam Colt, chairman of the Campaign Committee, an nounced that 998 chapters have reached or surpassed their quotas. Eire May Ask Recall Of Citizens in North Eire’s Home Secretary may order the return of any person who has gone to Northern Ireland and is not ordinarily a resident of that area, according to an amendment of de fense regulations promulgated in Dublin. St. John's Church Luncheon The Woman's Guild of St. John’s Episcopal Church, Bethesda. Md. will hold a luncheon at 1 p.m. Thurs day in the Parish Hall, Wisconsin avenue and Bradley lane. Delivery of Night Final Edition The Night Final Edition of The Star, with two addi tional pages of last-minute news, is delivered through out Washington and nearby suburbs, together with The Sunday Star, at 65c per month. This edition gives the latest developments of the day in International, Na tional and Local news, with complete Financial Reports. Special delivery is made between 6 p.m. and 7:15 p.m. daily. Children Fighting Paralysis Cheered By Mrs. Roosevelt President's Wife Visits Hospital Here And Views Treatment Mrs. Roosevelt viewed at Chil dren’s Hospital today a few of the children who are fighting their way back from the crippling effects of Infantile paralysis. She also examined some of the equipment used by the children to strengthen weakened muscles and to enable them to move about as other children do. Youngest of the victims was 2 year-old Bonita Kuinders, daughter of a War Department engineer, who lives at 2X9 R street N.E. Blue-eyed Bonita was carried into the clinic in her mother’s arms. A strap held her left foot in place. The other leg was braced to the hip. Mrs. Roosevelt Told of Cases. Mrs. Kuinders told Mrs. Roosevelt that Bonita was stricken at 8 months and remained in a Seattle hospital for a year. Called to Wash ington, Bonita's parents had to leave her and her 5-year-old brother, also severely stricken, in the hospital un til September when Mrs. Kuinders returned to the West Coast to bring Bonita here. The boy is still hos pitalized. Taught to massage her daughter’s legs, Mrs. Kuinders has been able to bring one leg almost back to normal. Mrs. Roosevelt exchanged encour ing words with Ralph Harden, jr., 11. of 106 Sixth street S.E., as she watched him work out on a station ary bicycle which has its own speedometer and a regulator on the front wheel that controls the move ment of the youngsters. “You'll be able to do everything before long," Mrs. Roosevelt said— “even play football.” in me large whirlpool tank, 7 year-old Florence Speis. 1008 N street N.W, played with toys while the hydrotherapy treatment was be ing given. Florence was stricken last November, spent a week in the hospital, six weeks in a cast and now wears a built-up heel. Chats With Other Patients. Mrs. Roosevelt also chatted with Mary Ann Raffo, 9, of 829 Third street N.E. Mary Ann, who was stricken last January, comes to the clinic three times a week for mas sage and stretching. Her hip was affected by the disease. She was sit ting in a small portable tank, an other piece of hydrotherapy equip ment. Iris Stem. 11, of 5011 Third street N.W., was another of the children Mrs. Roosevelt talked with this morning. Iris' arm is propped up in a cast. Iris told the President’s wife the cast would be removed next week. Iris was one of the youngsters stricken in the near epidemic here last year. Of the 72 children cared for in Children's Hospital during the infantile paralysis siege, some have regained their normal faculties while others are receiving after-care in the hospital clinic. Mrs. Roosevelt's annual visit to Children's Hospital is made to em phasize the work done with the funds collected through the activ ities of the celebration of the Pres ident's Birthday. Receiving with Miss Mattie Gibson, hospital super intendent. were Mrs. R. M. Kauff mann. president of the hospital's Board of Lady Managers, and Rear Admiral David Foote Sellers, rep resenting the hospital s Board of Di rectors. Six D. C. Draft Registrants Are Granted Deferments Six Washington draft registrants were granted deferments by the Dis trict Board of Appeals in 24 cases heard last week, selective service headquarters announced today. Occupational deferments were given Orville L. Erfert. 26. member of the Metropolitan Police Force, and Roger Warren Stoner. 27, em ploye of the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. Deferred because of dependents were Lewis William Johnson, 27. skilled helper at the Government Printing Office: Reginald F. Berry. 21. Navy Department messenger: F. Melvin Sisson. 22, bakery packer, and Lloyd Earl Goodwin, 23, ap prentice bookbinder. Among those whose deferment re ; quests ve denied were Walter Pat rick O'Connell. 22; William Irwin Kass, 25; Sidney Sanders, 24: George L. Hochberg, 27: Louis J. Weger, 26; John Jacob Rohrer, 24; Frank Rosenfeld, 21; Anthony Joseph Ga briel, 26; Costos G. Frang06, 25; Henry Lloyd Preston, 22; Fred Ralph Newsom. 23; Jerry S. Davis, 21; Frank Peter Cyr, 26; Charles E. Channing, jr., 23; James Reeder, 21, and Edward K. Burton, 22. The in ductions of Mr. Burton, Mr. Chan ning and Mr. O'Connell were or dered postponed temporarily. Cases of Henry Schreier and Ches ter Isaac Pope, who claimed con scientious objection to military serv ice, were referred to the United States Attorney’s Office. The ap peals of Seymour Donald Lieberman and Calvert E. Chancy were held over for additional information. Soviet Forces Smash Nazis' Winter Line At 2 Important Points Foes' 'Escape Corridor' At Mozhaisk Narrowed Further by Russians By the Associated Press. Russia’s armies, executing a gigantic crack-the-whip move ment, were reported to have nar rowed further the “escape cor ridor” of 100,000 German troops at Mozhaisk today and smashed Adolf Hitler’s winter defense line at two important points. The battle for Kharkov, Russia’s "Pittsburgh” in the Ukraine, also was reported entering a decisive phase. The British radio said the Germans reported that Kharkov ’’is being furiously attacked by Soviet forces from the north and south.” Nazis’ Mozhaisk Flanks Pushed Back. Soviet dispatches said Red Army troops, supported by hard-riding Don Cossack cavalrymen, had scored gains on both flanks of the Mozhaisk holdout garrison, 57 miles west of Moscow. Red Star, the Russian Army news paper, said Mozhaisk was burning and that hand-to-hand lighting was raging in the streets. Soviet forces stormed across the Lama River 75 miles north of Mos cow, sharpening the pressure above Mozhaisk, while other Russian forces intercepted the road to Warsaw 140 miles southwest of Moscow, it was reported. Front-line dispatches said the Russian winter was now approach ing its peak, with temperatures colder than 25 degrees below zero F. Berlin Press Is Frantic. Meanwhile, in tones approaching | panic, the Berlin press declared that j the “onrushing enemy must be stopped, no matter when, where or 1 how.” A bulletin from Hitler’s field head quarters, tersely reiterating that the Germans were fighting “defensive battles” along the 1,200-mile front from Leningrad to the Ukraine, claimed success only in the Crimean campaign. The Nazi high command said Rus sian troops lighting northeast of Feodosiya, which was reported re captured by the Germans yesterday, had been driven eastward along the Kerch Peninsula. The Leningrad - Murmansk rail way. Soviet supply route, was cut by bombers at several points, the Ger mans said. “Slovak forces inflicted heavy losses on the enemy in successful shock troop actions." the high com mand said. “The air force support ed the land battles on the entire front, in part under extremely diffi cult weather conditions.’’ 3 German Divisions Smashed. Izvestia, Soviet government news paper, said three German divisions —the 23d. the 106th Infantry and the 5th tank—were smashed in the Red Army assault across the Lama which, it was stated, carried the Russians from Volokolamsk through Latoshino. The 23d Division alone was estimated to have lost 1,500 men killed, it said. Russian heavy artillery prepara tion, followed by a Cossack attack, broke a wide gap through the Ger mans’ strongly fortified positions, Izvestia explained. Besides those main gains north west and southwest of the capital, the Russians were reported also to be harassing the Germans along the Moscow-Smolensk-Minsk highway directly west of the capital ap proaching Mozhaisk. Nazi Losses Put at 2.000,000. Red Star said the Germans made a strong effort to defend the Mos cow-Bobruisk-Warsaw highway by laying mines, spreading barbed wire and fortifying villages after losing Mosalsk, but Russian cavalry came in from a sideroad to cut the main road. Mosalsk is 130 miles south west of Moscow. In two days of action the Russians were reported to have recaptured j 142 settlements in the Mosalsk sec tor while skiers intercepted the Ger man line of retreat westward. Reuters, British news agency, esti mated Germany had lost 2,000,000 men, killed, severely wounded, missing and prisoners in the Rus sian campaign. — Curtin Hopes China's Stand Will Change Britain's Mind By the Associated Press. MELBOURNE. Australia. Jan. 20. Prime Minister John Curtin ex pressed hope today that China’s representations, “added to our own, will result in the British Govern ment becoming aware of the intense gravity of the Pacific situation.” Commenting on a statement by Sun Fo—son of Sun Yat-sen founder of the Chinese republic— that China might make a separate peace with Japan if the Allies did not take a more positive line, Mr Curtin said: “If China sued for a separate peace it would completely end out chances of Russian participation in the Pacific.” A long-range program for pro duction of war supplies to meet the needs not only of Australia but ol her allies was laid before the com monwealth war cabinet today. Weather Report (Furnished bj the United States Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia—Colder tonight with lowest temperature near freezing; diminishing winds. Maryland and Virginia—Colder tonight; diminishing winds. Report for Lost 34 noun. Temperature Yesterday— Degrees. 4 p.m._ 54 H p.m. _ 52 Midnight __ 43 Today— 4 a.m._ 42 s a.m.- 42 Noon __. _ 41 Record for Last 21 Honrs. (From noon yesterday to noon today ) Highest. 57, at 5:30 p.m. yesterday. Year ago. 3.3. Lowest, 41. at 6:15 am. today. Year ago, 24. Record Temperatures This Tear. Highest. 65, on January 18. Lowest. 6, on January 11. Humidity for Last 24 Honre. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. 94 per cent, at 1:30 p.m. yes terday. Lowest, 62 per cent, at 7:30 a.m. today. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today. Tomorrow. High _ - 10:40 atm. 11:27 a.m. Low _ 6:02 a.m. 6:48 a.m. High_11:04 p.m. 11:54 p.m. Low _ 5:23 p.m. 6:12 pjn. The Son and Moon. Rises. Sets. Sun, today - 7:23 6:15 Sun. tomorrow.-- 7:23 5:16 Moon, today __ 9:43 a.m. 9:38 p.m. Automobile lights must Im turned on one-halt hour alter sunset. w % River Report. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear at Harpers Perry; Potomac clear at Oreat Palls today. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in Inches in the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1942. Average. Record. January _ 1.63 3.55 7.83 ’37 February ... ... 3.37 6.84 ’84 March _ _ 3.75 8.84 ’91 April _ _ 3.27 8.13 ’89 May_ ... 3.70 10.69 ’89 June _ _ 4.13 10.94 '00 July _ —_ 4.71 10.63 '86 August- - 4.01 14.4l '28 September_ ... 3.24 17.45 '34 October _ ... 2.84 8.81 ’37 November ... — 2.37 8.89 ’89 December- - 3.32 7.58 Ol Weather in Vartans Cities. Temperature. Preeipl Highest. Lowest, tation. Atlanta. Oa. _ 68 32 Boston, Mass. _ 48 36 1.81 Buffalo. N. Y_ 38 31 Chicago. 111. - 37 24 Cleveland, Ohio_ 39 31 - Denver. Colo-41 20 - Detroit. Mich. - 35 31 Port Worth. Tex- 59 45 - Kansas City. Mo-61 30 Louisville. Ky. _ 42 29 Memphis. Tenn._ 50 30 - Miami. Pla. - _ 76 63 Mpls-St. Paul. Minn... 40 26 New Orleans, La_ 67 45 New York. N. Y- 49 40 0.83 Philadelphia, Pa- 63 39 0.76 Pittsburgh. Pa.-— 48 30 0.33 St. Louis, Mo. . _- 46 30 WASHINGTON, D. C- 66 41 0.71 Communiques Jap Cruiser Sunk, Tanker Set Afire The text of War Department com munique No. 67, issued this morning, follows: 1. Philippine theater: The enemy has renewed the attack on the American and Philippine troops on Batan Pe ninsula. Japanese pressure is particularly heavy at the center of the line. The attack is sup ported by aircraft. Three enemy airplanes were shot down during past 24 hours. Gen. Mac Arthur has received a report from Mindanao telling of sharp fighting now in progress between Philippine troops and a Japanese force about 35 miles north of Davao. Six American Army bombers successfully attacked a Japan ese cruiser and a large tanker 100 miles off Jolo. Several direct hits were scored, sinking the cruiser and leaving the tanker In flames. 2. There is nothing to report from other areas. The text of War Department com munique No. 66, based on reports re ceived up until S p.m. yesterday, said: 1. Malaya: A delayed report advises of a successful attack by American Army bombers on the Japanese held Sungei Patani Airdrome in Malaya on January 15. Three large fires were started among enemy aircraft on the ground and in the hangar area. All of our planes returned to their base undamaged. 2. Netherlands Indies: On January 17, five American Army bombers stacked an enemy flying field at Menado In the northeast Celebes. After several bombs had been dropped on the field with undetermined results, our planes encountered a forma tion of Japanese Interceptor planes. In the ensuing fight, nine enemy planes were shot down. Two of our bombers are missing and a third was dam aged, with four members of the crew wounded. 3. There is nothing to report from other areas. Christenberry Wins New Orleans Post Br the AuocUted Frets. The Senate today confirmed the appointment of Herbert W. Chris tenberry to be United States district attorney at New Orleans. Mr. Christenberry is a brother of Earl Christenberry, former secre tary to the late Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana. The Senate Judiciary Committee had recommended confirmation after hearing opposition testimony offered by the Louisiana Association for Clean Government. The nomination was confirmed without discussion. Montgomery Drops Signal Plan Marking Beginning of Alert Special Gill Intended For Firemen Is Held Confusing to Public Distinctive signals to mark the beginning of an alert before the start of an air-raid alarm will be discontinued so as to avoid con fusion and needless public distress, the Executive Committee of the Montgomery County (Md.) Defense Council decided last night. Under the previous plan firemen were to be summoned to their sta tions by a long blast on the sirens wh-'n the first alert signals were re ceived. The regular air-raid alarm would follow. Because planes may be turned back after the alert signal, there would be no occasion for an air raid alarm being sounded, it was pointed out. For this reason it was felt undue alarm would be created by signaling the alert to the public. It was decided to sound the regu lar fire alarm of one or more rising and falling tones when the alerts begin. In this manner firemen would respond to the stations as heretofore but the public would not be alarmed until the moment the air-raid signal is sounded. The Executive Committee reversed its previous decision to keep secret the names of a special committee to pass on blackout driving permits. The committee, comprising Arch McDonald, chief air-raid warden; J. Donald Clagett and Paul L. Ban fied, chief of transportation, was discharged and a new membership will be announced. J. B. Morrison, chief of communi cations. was instructed to expedite the installation of air-raid sirens throughout the county. Mr Clagett, a member of the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission and chairman of the Defense Council’s Water Protection Committee, reported valves at all intersections permit the shutting off of mains that may be bombed and that small pumping machines are available to draw water from streams, chlorinate it and pump it into water mains for an auxiliary supply. Teachers Hold Authority To Dismiss Pupils BALTIMORE, Jan. 20 oPi.—At torney General William C. Walsh ruled today Maryland law granted school teachers the authority to dis ; miss pupils whenever such an emer gency as an air raid arises. In answer to a query by Executive Director Isaac S. George of the Maryland Council of Defense, Mr. Walsh also said students might be dismissed at any time with the con sent of the District Board of Trus tees, county superintendent or county Board of Education. You and An Air Raid In Pamphlet Form Jmutr.' 9, i90 f°™. »'uSieIiifrhby/h* Su. r Ur th® »*Mle S0i§F^^r SJnce«V yours. In response to many re quests The Star has ar ranged for the printing in pamphlet form of its recent ly published and widely read series or articles on You and an Air Raid. Already a Mayor, who is Chief Air Warden of a suburban town, has ordered 2,000 copies of the pamphlet for circulation among citizens of his com munity. He writes, “You are to be congratulated for what your paper is doing to better inform our people in these matters, and for National Defense.” The pamphlet is as complete and as accurate as The Star could make it and the information has been checked and re-checked by defense officials and by'British officials. Copies may be had for 2 cents each at the counter in the Business Office of The Star Building, Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue, or by mail for 5 cents each (to cover partial cost of printing and handling). If you order by mail, address “You and an Air Raid Editor” and inclose, with your address, 5c in coin or stamps.