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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 20, 1942, Image 4

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Price Conferees
Agree to Boost
Administrator's Pay
House and Senate Groups
Fail to Agree on Other
Disputed Provisions
By the Associated Press.
A joint congressional committee
agreed today to raise the annual
salary of the price control adminis
trator to $12,000 a year, but failed
to reach a compromise on numerous
other controversial features of the
wartime price-control legislation.
Chairman Brown of tne Senate
conferees told reporters that the
House conferees had receded from
their provision that the salary be
$10,000.
“We agreed to raise Mr. Hender
son’s salary and talked over the
buying and selling provisions,” Sen
ator Brown said. Leon Henderson,
now controlling prices under a presi
dential order, told Congress he ex
pected to be reappointed to any
price-fixing job authorized by the
legislation. He now receives a $10,
000 salary.
Senate Democratic Leader Barkley
told reporters that the price-control
dispute had been discussed at a
White House conference of congres
sional leaders, adding that he ex
pected the Senate-House committee
would be able to "get together” on a
compromise, although it was uncer
tain when this would be.
Difficulties Were Discussed.
“I discussed some of the difficulties
that faced the Conference Com
mittee.” Senator Barkley said of the
visit with President Roosevelt.
Senator Brown’s reference to the
“buying and selling” provisions was
authority to buy, store or sell various
commodities in an effort to control
their prices. Both the House and
Senate approved these activities with
certain restrictions.
It was indicated a compromise
might be near on the highly con
troversial farm sections.
With leaders reported to have sug
gested that President Roosevelt be
given the final decision on agricul
ture prices, members said that horse
trading apparently was under way
for the first time since the group
began its discussions last week.
The presidential check was said to
have been proposed in an effort to
compromise a Senate - approved
amendment by Senator Bankhead,
Democrat, of Alabama, which would
empower the Secretary of Agricul
ture to veto any ceilings that might
be placed on farm prices by the ad
ministrator proposed in the bill.
Bankhead Opposes Plan.
It was suggested instead, in
formed sources said, that the ad
ministrator be allowed to fix the
price. If the Agriculture Secretary
found fault with the stipulated fig
ure he could refer the matter to the
President for a final decision.
It was evident, however, that
Senator Bankhead had no relish for i
such a proposal. He told reporters
he was confident his amendment
would remain in the bill as the
Senate approved it and he claimed
almost unanimous backing by farm
organizations. The President pre
viously had opposed the suggested
dual controls over farm prices.
An amendment by Senator O’Mah
oney, Democrat, of Wyoming, to aid
farm prices, seemed to have lost
ground in the discussions. This pro
vision. which would link farm prices
to industrial wages, was strongly
opposed by the President, who
argued it would cause the spiraling
of all prices.
May Gain One Point.
Most conferees seemed to think,
however, that Senator O’Mahoney
would gain one point—the inclusion
of last December 15, as well as Oc
tober 1, as a date to be reckoned
with in fixing farm ceilings.
The House and Senate marked
time with miscellaneous bills await
ing conclusion of the conference.
The House Appropriations Commit
tee went to work on President
Roosevelt’s request for $28,000,000,
000 for the Army and Navy, with
leaders predicting that the huge
wartime supply bill would be ready
In short order.
As wartime legislation was pushed
yesterday a bill granting President
Roosevelt power to take over wire
communication facilities won final
congressional approval.
Assurance that no plan for Gov
ernment operation of the telephone
and telegraph systems as a whole
was under consideration had been
given by Chairman Wheeler of the
Senate Interstate Commerce Com
mittee in response to questions by
Senators Taft. Republican, of Ohio;
Vandenberg, Republican, of Michi
gan, and others.
Contending that power to take
over wire communications was
needed for any possible emergency,
Senator Wheeler told his colleagues
that “as one who opposed our en
try into war until we were attacked,
1 am prepared to say that we've got
to give the President the power to
carry on the war successfully.”
Powers granted by the bill are es
sentially the same as those which
the President now has over radio
facilities, permitting him to regu
late them, shut them down or take
them over for Government use.
O. C. D. Funds Voted.
A $100,000,000 civilian defense au
thorization also won final congres
sional approval yesterday after
House Republicans lost a last-ditch
fight to keep it out of the hands of
Fiorello La Guardia, civilian defense
director.
The House refused, 172 to 167, to
send the bill back to a House-Senate
conference committee and then ap
proved the measure, 334 to 2. Senate
approval quickly followed on a voice
vote.
The conference committee agreed
give administration of the fund to
Mayor La Guardia’s agency and to
limit it to $100,000,000.
Chairman Vinson of the House
Naval Affairs Committee yesterday
introduced legislation authorizing
the construction of 1,799 combatant,
auxiliary and patrol vessels in addi
tion to those previously authorized.
Congress in Brief
TODAY.
Senate:
Considers nomination of Herbert
W. Christenberry to be United States
district attorney at New Orleans.
Joint committee continues to seek
agreement on price-control legisla
tion.
Elections Committee considers re
port on contest against seating of
Senator Langer, Republican, of
North Dakota.
House:
Considers $450,000,000 naval shore
facility bill.
| SMALL VICTIM—Two-year-old Bonita Kuinders is shown with Mrs. Roosevelt in the Children’s
Hospital clinic today during the annual visit of the President’s wife. Shown beside the child are
the braces she must wear as a result of the crippling after-effects of infantile paralysis.
—Star Staff Photo.
China Willingly Gives
Americans Control
Of Burma Road
Question of Setting Up
Military Police System
Not Yet Settled
By LELAND STOWE,
Foreign Correspondent of The Star »nd
Chicago Daily News.
RANGOON, Jan. 20.—Under the
pressure of unprecedented attention
from the British and American
Governments and the pressure of
the Pacific war's exigencies, an
other attempt is being launched to
reform the Burma road and elimi
nate the contraband and racketeer
ing abuses which have dominated
its three and one-half year career.
According to an announcement made
here, the first step toward military
control of the highway’s traffic was
worked out with approval of the
Chinese government.
The new plan puts American Army
officers attached to Gen. John Ma
gruder's military mission to Chung
king in charge of traffic over the
entire 1.400 miles of Burma-Yun
nan highway from Rangoon to Kun
ming. The road was divided into
segments and an American officer
appointed to supervise each section
in co-operation with Chinese offi
cials.
To this extent the Chinese au
thorities, apparently with complete
willingness and considerable relief,
have handed over to the Americans
the responsibility for taming the
Burma road and increasing its
monthly tonnage totals of lease
lend war materials actually deliv
ered to China.
Co-operative Spirit Shown.
A handful of American officers
without even one company of troops
obviously cannot police the road.
It is also not yet known whether
the American officers will be sup
plied with adequate personnel to
inspect thoroughly all lorries to pre
vent the transportation of commer
cial goods under guise of “war ma
terials” or to maintain the neces
sary number of checks and rechecks
from one end of the road to the
other.
In any case the Chinese have now
granted American Army officers su
pervision of the Burma road, with
policing machinery and similar es
sentials still indefinite or not worked
out, but with the Chinese authori
ties unquestionably showing an ex
tremely co-operative spirit. If the
new program succeeds, of courre,
the Chinese forces will receive much
more lease-lend war materials than
was ever possible in the past.
It is clear, however, that the
Chungking government is at last
acting on the assumption that some
thing drastic must be done to jolt
the Burma road out of its doldrums.
Under the Sino-American agree
ment the new road supervision plan
is being worked out in co-operation
with Gen. Yu Pie-peng, who was
named administrator of the Burma
Yunnan highway by Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek last August.
Lt. Col. Adrian St. John, who was
recently sent to Rangoon as Gen.
Magruder’s representative, has been
appointed by Gen. Magruder to su
pervise the road traffic from Ran
goon to a point about 300 miles
inside China. St. John stated to
day that the road is already “mili
tarized” from Burma port as far as
Paoshan in Yunnan Province. He
did not state, however, how or when
the road would be subjected to mili
tary police or explain how much
militarization would be possible
without such police.
New Depots to Be Created.
The American officers plan to
create new depots or relay points
for lorries along the highway. This
weed end Gen. Yu is scheduled to
go to Lashio to confer with the
officer of the Magruder mission
there regarding the early elimina
tion of the long, troublesome bot
tlenecks, which was recommended
by the committee of American
transportation experts in their re
port last August.
Due to the labor shortage in Bur
ma, the Chinese are sending 1,000
laborers to speed the loading and
dispatching of lease-lend materials
to China. The Chinese workmen
will be directed by Chinese Army
officers. Two hundred mechanics
from the Chinese Military Labor
Corps also are en route to Burma
to increase the assembling of Ameri
can trucks here. Scores more Amer
Red Cross Seeks
Funds for War
The District Red Cross is ap
pealing for $750,000 as its quota
of the American Red Cross
War Fund Campaign for $50,
000,000 to provide relief for
American war victims and to
carry on rapidly expanding Red
Cross services for the armed
forces.
Today the District fund stands
at $170,664.67.
Checks should be made pay
able to the American Red Cross
and envelopes marked "For the
War Fund.”
Any bank will accept your
coontribution and forward it to
District Red Cross headquar
ters, 2020 Massachusetts avenue
N.W. There are also booths
in leading hotels, department
stores and at Union Station.
Court-Martial to Give
Colonel Opportunity
To Defend Speeches
Muhlenberg Expected
To Contend Remarks
Were to Aid Air Corps
EJ the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Jan. 20 —The
5th Corps Area's retiring air officer,
Col. H. C. Kress Muhlpnberg, was
given an opportunity today at a
court-martial to defend his state
ments about the disposition of
American-made warplanes.
Friends expected Col. Muhlenberg,
commandant of Hawaii's Hickam
Field in 1937-38, to contend that his
remarks, which the Army charges
violated two articles of war, were
intended to benefit the Air Corps.
One statement, attributed to the ;
colonel in a speech before the Curtiss
Flying Club December 17, was: "You
can’t send your planes all over the
world and have them in Hawaii
when they're needed.”
The prosecution termed the re
mark critical of American foreign
policy.
Col. Harley C. Dagley, trial judge
advocate, disclosed that the prose
cution would call only two more wit
nesses. Six testified yesterday be
fore the 10-offleer court.
Three asserted that Col. Muhlen
berg said the American public was
the ‘ goat” of the disastrous Jap
anese attack on Pearl Harbor be
cause of the policy of sending Amer
ican made planes to nations fight
ing the Axis.
The colonel, a veteran of 38 years
in the Army, is 55 years old. He
was eligible for retirement next
month.
One witness, Robert Olds, avia
tion editor of the Columbus Citizen,
testified that Col. Muhlenberg said
‘‘the Navy is a ‘gone gosling’ which
has its place but it is a bad bad
second to air power.” Mr. Olds said
he believed the colonel did not men
tion specifically the United States
Navy.
ican lorries are daily becoming
available for the Chinese, who have
already several thousands in China
or en route. How many will be as
signed to British forces in Burma,
where they are urgently needed, is
not yet known.
Those here who are long familiar
with Burma road abuses and prob
lems frankly say that complete
American military control of the
highway unquestionably would re
sult in greatly increased deliveries
of lease-lend materials to China.
They also say the appointment of
three or four American officers can
only be regarded as the first step in
the right direction.
Two Chief Factors.
The effective development of the
Burma road reform—late as the
effort is in being launched—will de
pend chiefly on two factors. First,
on the degree of Chinese anxiety
to clean up the road and put it on
a strictly war-serving basis. Sec
ond, on the personal acuteness,
even more than upon the personal
energy, of the American Army offi
cers who have been appointed to
supervise the road.
Time alone will show the Chinese
that the Americans immediately
concerned are capable of supplying
these essential elements to reform
Burma road. j
(Copyright 1812. Chicago Daily Newt, Inc.)
Large Gifts Swell
Red Cross War Fund
Collections Here
$3,000 Contributed by
Woodward & Lothrop;
Banks Make Donations
A $3,000 contribution from Wood
ward & Lothrop department store
today encouraged volunteers seeking
to raise the District's quota of
$750,000 toward the Red Cross war
fund.
The Chesapeake & Potomac Tele
phone Co. was leading the public
utility group writh a total of $9,332,
$7,500 of which was a company gift.
The remainder represents the con
tributions of individual employes.
The total for the utility group to
day was $9,420.
The financial chairman, George
O. Vass, today reported a number of
large contributions from District
! banks. These included Riggs Na
tional, $2,500; National Savings &
Trust Co., $1,317; Liberty National,
$231; Bank of Commerce & Savings,
$100; Union Trust Co.. $300; Wash
ington Loan & Trust Co.. $1,029:
Second National Bank, $137, and
National Metropolitan Bank of
Washington. $500.
Large Individual Donors.
Among large individual donors to
day were Mr. and Mrs. W. W.
Everett, $130. The insurance group
announced that Ellett & Short, Inc.,
had contributed $100.
The growing scope of Red Cross
activities in war time was illustrated
by the fact that 11,000 inquiries were
made of the American Red Cross
about the safety of civilians and
military personnel in the Pacific,
Chairman Norman H. Davis an
nounced.
More than 3,000 of the queries
were answered despite numerous
difficulties.
The bulk of the inquiries were
from worried mothers, fathers and
wives of men in the Philippines,
; Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and
, other focal points of the war in the
i Pacific.
Heavy Burden of Relief.
Mr. Davis said that more answers
will be made to the inquiries when
! “the difficulties of shifting popula
j tions, communications and trans
portation have been overcome. Then,
too, Red Cross chapters and field
directors in the war zones are carry
ing a heavy burden in other relief
work.”
Meanwhile, the American Red
Cross announced a total of $30,698.
679 toward a minimum fund of $50,
000.000, with the Hawaiian Chapter
reporting $82,000 and still raising
money. S. Sam Colt, chairman of
the Campaign Committee, an
nounced that 998 chapters have
reached or surpassed their quotas.
Eire May Ask Recall
Of Citizens in North
Eire’s Home Secretary may order
the return of any person who has
gone to Northern Ireland and is not
ordinarily a resident of that area,
according to an amendment of de
fense regulations promulgated in
Dublin.
St. John's Church Luncheon
The Woman's Guild of St. John’s
Episcopal Church, Bethesda. Md.
will hold a luncheon at 1 p.m. Thurs
day in the Parish Hall, Wisconsin
avenue and Bradley lane.
Delivery of
Night Final
Edition
The Night Final Edition of
The Star, with two addi
tional pages of last-minute
news, is delivered through
out Washington and nearby
suburbs, together with The
Sunday Star, at 65c per
month.
This edition gives the
latest developments of the
day in International, Na
tional and Local news, with
complete Financial Reports.
Special delivery is made
between 6 p.m. and 7:15 p.m.
daily.
Children Fighting
Paralysis Cheered
By Mrs. Roosevelt
President's Wife
Visits Hospital Here
And Views Treatment
Mrs. Roosevelt viewed at Chil
dren’s Hospital today a few of the
children who are fighting their way
back from the crippling effects of
Infantile paralysis.
She also examined some of the
equipment used by the children to
strengthen weakened muscles and
to enable them to move about as
other children do.
Youngest of the victims was 2
year-old Bonita Kuinders, daughter
of a War Department engineer, who
lives at 2X9 R street N.E. Blue-eyed
Bonita was carried into the clinic
in her mother’s arms. A strap
held her left foot in place. The
other leg was braced to the hip.
Mrs. Roosevelt Told of Cases.
Mrs. Kuinders told Mrs. Roosevelt
that Bonita was stricken at 8
months and remained in a Seattle
hospital for a year. Called to Wash
ington, Bonita's parents had to leave
her and her 5-year-old brother, also
severely stricken, in the hospital un
til September when Mrs. Kuinders
returned to the West Coast to bring
Bonita here. The boy is still hos
pitalized. Taught to massage her
daughter’s legs, Mrs. Kuinders has
been able to bring one leg almost
back to normal.
Mrs. Roosevelt exchanged encour
ing words with Ralph Harden, jr.,
11. of 106 Sixth street S.E., as she
watched him work out on a station
ary bicycle which has its own
speedometer and a regulator on the
front wheel that controls the move
ment of the youngsters.
“You'll be able to do everything
before long," Mrs. Roosevelt said—
“even play football.”
in me large whirlpool tank, 7
year-old Florence Speis. 1008 N
street N.W, played with toys while
the hydrotherapy treatment was be
ing given. Florence was stricken
last November, spent a week in the
hospital, six weeks in a cast and
now wears a built-up heel.
Chats With Other Patients.
Mrs. Roosevelt also chatted with
Mary Ann Raffo, 9, of 829 Third
street N.E. Mary Ann, who was
stricken last January, comes to the
clinic three times a week for mas
sage and stretching. Her hip was
affected by the disease. She was sit
ting in a small portable tank, an
other piece of hydrotherapy equip
ment.
Iris Stem. 11, of 5011 Third street
N.W., was another of the children
Mrs. Roosevelt talked with this
morning. Iris' arm is propped up in
a cast. Iris told the President’s wife
the cast would be removed next
week.
Iris was one of the youngsters
stricken in the near epidemic here
last year. Of the 72 children cared
for in Children's Hospital during
the infantile paralysis siege, some
have regained their normal faculties
while others are receiving after-care
in the hospital clinic.
Mrs. Roosevelt's annual visit to
Children's Hospital is made to em
phasize the work done with the
funds collected through the activ
ities of the celebration of the Pres
ident's Birthday. Receiving with
Miss Mattie Gibson, hospital super
intendent. were Mrs. R. M. Kauff
mann. president of the hospital's
Board of Lady Managers, and Rear
Admiral David Foote Sellers, rep
resenting the hospital s Board of Di
rectors.
Six D. C. Draft Registrants
Are Granted Deferments
Six Washington draft registrants
were granted deferments by the Dis
trict Board of Appeals in 24 cases
heard last week, selective service
headquarters announced today.
Occupational deferments were
given Orville L. Erfert. 26. member
of the Metropolitan Police Force,
and Roger Warren Stoner. 27, em
ploye of the Chesapeake & Potomac
Telephone Co.
Deferred because of dependents
were Lewis William Johnson, 27.
skilled helper at the Government
Printing Office: Reginald F. Berry.
21. Navy Department messenger: F.
Melvin Sisson. 22, bakery packer,
and Lloyd Earl Goodwin, 23, ap
prentice bookbinder.
Among those whose deferment re
; quests ve denied were Walter Pat
rick O'Connell. 22; William Irwin
Kass, 25; Sidney Sanders, 24: George
L. Hochberg, 27: Louis J. Weger, 26;
John Jacob Rohrer, 24; Frank
Rosenfeld, 21; Anthony Joseph Ga
briel, 26; Costos G. Frang06, 25;
Henry Lloyd Preston, 22; Fred Ralph
Newsom. 23; Jerry S. Davis, 21;
Frank Peter Cyr, 26; Charles E.
Channing, jr., 23; James Reeder, 21,
and Edward K. Burton, 22. The in
ductions of Mr. Burton, Mr. Chan
ning and Mr. O'Connell were or
dered postponed temporarily.
Cases of Henry Schreier and Ches
ter Isaac Pope, who claimed con
scientious objection to military serv
ice, were referred to the United
States Attorney’s Office. The ap
peals of Seymour Donald Lieberman
and Calvert E. Chancy were held
over for additional information.
Soviet Forces Smash
Nazis' Winter Line
At 2 Important Points
Foes' 'Escape Corridor'
At Mozhaisk Narrowed
Further by Russians
By the Associated Press.
Russia’s armies, executing a
gigantic crack-the-whip move
ment, were reported to have nar
rowed further the “escape cor
ridor” of 100,000 German troops
at Mozhaisk today and smashed
Adolf Hitler’s winter defense line
at two important points.
The battle for Kharkov, Russia’s
"Pittsburgh” in the Ukraine, also
was reported entering a decisive
phase. The British radio said the
Germans reported that Kharkov ’’is
being furiously attacked by Soviet
forces from the north and south.”
Nazis’ Mozhaisk Flanks Pushed Back.
Soviet dispatches said Red Army
troops, supported by hard-riding Don
Cossack cavalrymen, had scored
gains on both flanks of the Mozhaisk
holdout garrison, 57 miles west of
Moscow.
Red Star, the Russian Army news
paper, said Mozhaisk was burning
and that hand-to-hand lighting was
raging in the streets.
Soviet forces stormed across the
Lama River 75 miles north of Mos
cow, sharpening the pressure above
Mozhaisk, while other Russian forces
intercepted the road to Warsaw 140
miles southwest of Moscow, it was
reported.
Front-line dispatches said the
Russian winter was now approach
ing its peak, with temperatures
colder than 25 degrees below zero F.
Berlin Press Is Frantic.
Meanwhile, in tones approaching
| panic, the Berlin press declared that
j the “onrushing enemy must be
stopped, no matter when, where or
1 how.”
A bulletin from Hitler’s field head
quarters, tersely reiterating that the
Germans were fighting “defensive
battles” along the 1,200-mile front
from Leningrad to the Ukraine,
claimed success only in the Crimean
campaign.
The Nazi high command said Rus
sian troops lighting northeast of
Feodosiya, which was reported re
captured by the Germans yesterday,
had been driven eastward along the
Kerch Peninsula.
The Leningrad - Murmansk rail
way. Soviet supply route, was cut by
bombers at several points, the Ger
mans said.
“Slovak forces inflicted heavy
losses on the enemy in successful
shock troop actions." the high com
mand said. “The air force support
ed the land battles on the entire
front, in part under extremely diffi
cult weather conditions.’’
3 German Divisions Smashed.
Izvestia, Soviet government news
paper, said three German divisions
—the 23d. the 106th Infantry and
the 5th tank—were smashed in the
Red Army assault across the Lama
which, it was stated, carried the
Russians from Volokolamsk through
Latoshino. The 23d Division alone
was estimated to have lost 1,500 men
killed, it said.
Russian heavy artillery prepara
tion, followed by a Cossack attack,
broke a wide gap through the Ger
mans’ strongly fortified positions,
Izvestia explained.
Besides those main gains north
west and southwest of the capital,
the Russians were reported also to
be harassing the Germans along the
Moscow-Smolensk-Minsk highway
directly west of the capital ap
proaching Mozhaisk.
Nazi Losses Put at 2.000,000.
Red Star said the Germans made
a strong effort to defend the Mos
cow-Bobruisk-Warsaw highway by
laying mines, spreading barbed wire
and fortifying villages after losing
Mosalsk, but Russian cavalry came
in from a sideroad to cut the main
road. Mosalsk is 130 miles south
west of Moscow.
In two days of action the Russians
were reported to have recaptured
j 142 settlements in the Mosalsk sec
tor while skiers intercepted the Ger
man line of retreat westward.
Reuters, British news agency, esti
mated Germany had lost 2,000,000
men, killed, severely wounded,
missing and prisoners in the Rus
sian campaign.

Curtin Hopes China's Stand
Will Change Britain's Mind
By the Associated Press.
MELBOURNE. Australia. Jan. 20.
Prime Minister John Curtin ex
pressed hope today that China’s
representations, “added to our own,
will result in the British Govern
ment becoming aware of the intense
gravity of the Pacific situation.”
Commenting on a statement by
Sun Fo—son of Sun Yat-sen
founder of the Chinese republic—
that China might make a separate
peace with Japan if the Allies did
not take a more positive line, Mr
Curtin said:
“If China sued for a separate
peace it would completely end out
chances of Russian participation in
the Pacific.”
A long-range program for pro
duction of war supplies to meet the
needs not only of Australia but ol
her allies was laid before the com
monwealth war cabinet today.
Weather Report
(Furnished bj the United States Weather Bureau.)
District of Columbia—Colder tonight with lowest temperature near
freezing; diminishing winds.
Maryland and Virginia—Colder tonight; diminishing winds.
Report for Lost 34 noun.
Temperature
Yesterday— Degrees.
4 p.m._ 54
H p.m. _ 52
Midnight __ 43
Today—
4 a.m._ 42
s a.m.- 42
Noon __. _ 41
Record for Last 21 Honrs.
(From noon yesterday to noon today )
Highest. 57, at 5:30 p.m. yesterday.
Year ago. 3.3.
Lowest, 41. at 6:15 am. today. Year
ago, 24.
Record Temperatures This Tear.
Highest. 65, on January 18.
Lowest. 6, on January 11.
Humidity for Last 24 Honre.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 94 per cent, at 1:30 p.m. yes
terday.
Lowest, 62 per cent, at 7:30 a.m. today.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _ - 10:40 atm. 11:27 a.m.
Low _ 6:02 a.m. 6:48 a.m.
High_11:04 p.m. 11:54 p.m.
Low _ 5:23 p.m. 6:12 pjn.
The Son and Moon.
Rises. Sets.
Sun, today - 7:23 6:15
Sun. tomorrow.-- 7:23 5:16
Moon, today __ 9:43 a.m. 9:38 p.m.
Automobile lights must Im turned on
one-halt hour alter sunset.
w
%
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear
at Harpers Perry; Potomac clear at Oreat
Palls today.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in Inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1942. Average. Record.
January _ 1.63 3.55 7.83 ’37
February ... ... 3.37 6.84 ’84
March _ _ 3.75 8.84 ’91
April _ _ 3.27 8.13 ’89
May_ ... 3.70 10.69 ’89
June _ _ 4.13 10.94 '00
July _ —_ 4.71 10.63 '86
August- - 4.01 14.4l '28
September_ ... 3.24 17.45 '34
October _ ... 2.84 8.81 ’37
November ... — 2.37 8.89 ’89
December- - 3.32 7.58 Ol
Weather in Vartans Cities.
Temperature. Preeipl
Highest. Lowest, tation.
Atlanta. Oa. _ 68 32
Boston, Mass. _ 48 36 1.81
Buffalo. N. Y_ 38 31
Chicago. 111. - 37 24
Cleveland, Ohio_ 39 31 -
Denver. Colo-41 20 -
Detroit. Mich. - 35 31
Port Worth. Tex- 59 45 -
Kansas City. Mo-61 30
Louisville. Ky. _ 42 29
Memphis. Tenn._ 50 30 -
Miami. Pla. - _ 76 63
Mpls-St. Paul. Minn... 40 26
New Orleans, La_ 67 45
New York. N. Y- 49 40 0.83
Philadelphia, Pa- 63 39 0.76
Pittsburgh. Pa.-— 48 30 0.33
St. Louis, Mo. . _- 46 30
WASHINGTON, D. C- 66 41 0.71
Communiques
Jap Cruiser Sunk,
Tanker Set Afire
The text of War Department com
munique No. 67, issued this morning,
follows:
1. Philippine theater:
The enemy has renewed the
attack on the American and
Philippine troops on Batan Pe
ninsula. Japanese pressure is
particularly heavy at the center
of the line. The attack is sup
ported by aircraft. Three enemy
airplanes were shot down during
past 24 hours.
Gen. Mac Arthur has received a
report from Mindanao telling of
sharp fighting now in progress
between Philippine troops and a
Japanese force about 35 miles
north of Davao.
Six American Army bombers
successfully attacked a Japan
ese cruiser and a large tanker
100 miles off Jolo. Several direct
hits were scored, sinking the
cruiser and leaving the tanker
In flames.
2. There is nothing to report
from other areas.
The text of War Department com
munique No. 66, based on reports re
ceived up until S p.m. yesterday,
said:
1. Malaya:
A delayed report advises of a
successful attack by American
Army bombers on the Japanese
held Sungei Patani Airdrome in
Malaya on January 15. Three
large fires were started among
enemy aircraft on the ground
and in the hangar area. All of
our planes returned to their base
undamaged.
2. Netherlands Indies:
On January 17, five American
Army bombers stacked an enemy
flying field at Menado In the
northeast Celebes. After several
bombs had been dropped on the
field with undetermined results,
our planes encountered a forma
tion of Japanese Interceptor
planes. In the ensuing fight,
nine enemy planes were shot
down. Two of our bombers are
missing and a third was dam
aged, with four members of the
crew wounded.
3. There is nothing to report
from other areas.
Christenberry Wins
New Orleans Post
Br the AuocUted Frets.
The Senate today confirmed the
appointment of Herbert W. Chris
tenberry to be United States district
attorney at New Orleans.
Mr. Christenberry is a brother
of Earl Christenberry, former secre
tary to the late Senator Huey P.
Long of Louisiana.
The Senate Judiciary Committee
had recommended confirmation
after hearing opposition testimony
offered by the Louisiana Association
for Clean Government.
The nomination was confirmed
without discussion.
Montgomery Drops
Signal Plan Marking
Beginning of Alert
Special Gill Intended
For Firemen Is Held
Confusing to Public
Distinctive signals to mark the
beginning of an alert before the
start of an air-raid alarm will be
discontinued so as to avoid con
fusion and needless public distress,
the Executive Committee of the
Montgomery County (Md.) Defense
Council decided last night.
Under the previous plan firemen
were to be summoned to their sta
tions by a long blast on the sirens
wh-'n the first alert signals were re
ceived. The regular air-raid alarm
would follow.
Because planes may be turned
back after the alert signal, there
would be no occasion for an air
raid alarm being sounded, it was
pointed out. For this reason it was
felt undue alarm would be created
by signaling the alert to the public.
It was decided to sound the regu
lar fire alarm of one or more rising
and falling tones when the alerts
begin. In this manner firemen
would respond to the stations as
heretofore but the public would not
be alarmed until the moment the
air-raid signal is sounded.
The Executive Committee reversed
its previous decision to keep secret
the names of a special committee to
pass on blackout driving permits.
The committee, comprising Arch
McDonald, chief air-raid warden;
J. Donald Clagett and Paul L. Ban
fied, chief of transportation, was
discharged and a new membership
will be announced.
J. B. Morrison, chief of communi
cations. was instructed to expedite
the installation of air-raid sirens
throughout the county.
Mr Clagett, a member of the
Washington Suburban Sanitary
Commission and chairman of the
Defense Council’s Water Protection
Committee, reported valves at all
intersections permit the shutting
off of mains that may be bombed
and that small pumping machines
are available to draw water from
streams, chlorinate it and pump it
into water mains for an auxiliary
supply.
Teachers Hold Authority
To Dismiss Pupils
BALTIMORE, Jan. 20 oPi.—At
torney General William C. Walsh
ruled today Maryland law granted
school teachers the authority to dis
; miss pupils whenever such an emer
gency as an air raid arises.
In answer to a query by Executive
Director Isaac S. George of the
Maryland Council of Defense, Mr.
Walsh also said students might be
dismissed at any time with the con
sent of the District Board of Trus
tees, county superintendent or
county Board of Education.
You and An Air Raid
In Pamphlet Form
Jmutr.' 9, i90
f°™. »'uSieIiifrhby/h* Su.
r Ur th® »*Mle
S0i§F^^r
SJnce«V yours.
In response to many re
quests The Star has ar
ranged for the printing in
pamphlet form of its recent
ly published and widely read
series or articles on You and an Air Raid.
Already a Mayor, who is Chief Air Warden of a
suburban town, has ordered 2,000 copies of the
pamphlet for circulation among citizens of his com
munity. He writes, “You are to be congratulated for
what your paper is doing to better inform our people
in these matters, and for National Defense.”
The pamphlet is as complete and as accurate as
The Star could make it and the information has
been checked and re-checked by defense officials and
by'British officials.
Copies may be had for 2 cents each at the counter
in the Business Office of The Star Building, Eleventh
street and Pennsylvania avenue, or by mail for 5
cents each (to cover partial cost of printing and
handling). If you order by mail, address “You and
an Air Raid Editor” and inclose, with your address,
5c in coin or stamps.

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