Rank of Brigadier
To Reward 5 Colonels
For Service at Batan
Approves Knudsen for
Fiva Army colonels who have "ex
traordinarily distinguished them
selves" in the desperate battle
against Japanese invaders in the
Philippines will be rewarded by pro
motion to brigadier general, Presi
dent Roosevelt disclosed yesterday.
Meanwhile, a Senate Military Af
fairs Subcommittee unanimously ap
proved the nomination of William
Knudsen, former O. P. M. director,
to be a lieutenant general in the
Army to supervise military produc
Announcement of President Roose
velt’s Intention to nominate the five
officers in the Philippines for ad
vancement to the temporary grade
of brigadier general came from the
War Department. Such action was
recommended by Gen. Douglas Mac
Arthur, commander of the Army in
List of Nominations.
Those recommended for promo
tion "for having extraordinarily dis
tinguished themselves by their lead
ership and gallantry in the severe
fighting now in progress on the
Batan Peninsula." were:
Col. Hugh J. Casey, Corps of En
gineers, a native of Brooklyn.
Col. Clinton A. Pierce, cavalry,
also born in Brooklyn.
Col. Arnold J. Funk, infantry, a
native of Stayton, Ore., who lists
his home as Portland, Ore.
Col. William F. Marquat. Coast
Artillery, Seattle, Wash,, and a na
tive of St. Louis.
Col. Harold H. George. Air Corps,
Los Angeles. He was born in Lock
port, N. Y.
Nominated also for the rank of
brigadier general because of his
work as a member of Gen. Mac
Arthur's staff was Col. Carl H. Seals,
a native of Eufala. Ala., whose
home Is listed as Birmingham, Ala.
Col. George, a veteran Army;
flyer, holds the Distinguished Serv
ice Cross for heroism in the World
War. He was an unofficial ace, i
being credited with destruction of
five enemy planes as a pilot with
the A. E. F.
Other Promotions Approved.
The same Senate subcommittee
that approved Mr. Knudsen's nom
ination also reported favorably on
a number of other Army promotions, |
including the advancement of for- j
mer Secretary of War Patrick J.
Hurlev from a colonel in the Re
serve ‘Corps to a temporary briga
dier general. He now is on a "sealed
Other promotions approved were;
Brig. Gen. Julian F. Barnes to be a
major general of artillery; Col.
Phillip R. Faymonvilie. Lt. Col.
Arthur R. Wilson and Col. Earl L.
Nalden to be brigadier generals.
Action on the Knudsen appoint
ment came after it was indorsed ;
before the subcommittee at a closed
hearing by Undersecretary of War
Robert Patterson and Donwa M.
Nelson, head of the new W«fr Pro
Chairman Chandler of the sub
committee described as “very en
couraging" testimony from Mr. Nel
son giving a general picture of what
he hopes to accomplish in the new
war production organization.
No Complaints raaae.
Mr. Knudsen will work directly
under Mr. Patterson. The subcom
mittee was given the impression that
he will spend a considerable part
of his time in industrial areas of
the country, seeking to speed up
production on War Department or- j
ders in every way possible.
Senators who attended the ex
ecutive session said no complaints
or objections to giving Mr. Knud
sen the rank of lieutenant general
were raised. The favorable report
is expected to be submitted to the
full Senate Military Affairs Com
mittee early this week. !
Chairman Reynolds of the full
committee said Friday that a num
ber of telegrams had been received :
protesting the appointment of a
civilian to such a military post on !
the ground that it might be adverse
to Army morale.
Senators Kilgore. Democrat, of
West Virginia and Holman, Repub
lican, of Oregon served on the sub
committee with Senator Chandler.
(Continued From First Page.)
fend Manila further, the General
concentrated his troops on Batan
Peninsula, the tongue of land which
separates Manila Bay from the
South China sea. Off the tip of
the peninsula lies the strong Ameri
can island fortress, Corregidor.
Would Be Difficult Move.
Many expected him, in the last
eventuality on the mainland, to
withdraw as many of his troops as
possible to the island. It would be
a difficult operation, with boatloads
of men exposed to aircraft fire,
particularly if the move were at
tempted by daylight. But at night
especially if helped by fog or storm.
It could be done, military experts
The entry of the Japanese war
ships into the Batan fighting was
a new development, and may well
have been a controlling factor.
Throughout the fighting, American
artillery and the accuracy of Ameri
can artillerymen have proved vastly
superior to those of the Japs.
A fortnight ago. the enemy at
tempted to blast it out with big
guns, and got unmercifully smashed
for it. The warships were brought
up. it was generally thought, to
offset this one advantage of the
American and Filipino forces.
Cathedral Choral Group
To Seek New Members
A membership drive to fill va
cancies in the National Cathedral
Choral Society was announced to
day by Paul Callaway, director.
Auditions will be held for the next
few weeks to bring the group up to
its full strength of 200 voices.
Formed last November, the organi
sation will present its first concert in
April. It will be accompanied by the
National Symphony Orchestra in
tinging Verdi's "Requiem.”
Applications for auditions should
be made to Mr. Callaway, organist
And choirmaster of the National Ca
HOW JAPAN’S MILITARY MOVEMENTS HAVE SPREAD IN
THE WESTERN PACIFIC—From an artificially located ocean
base, lines spread to areas where Japanese land operations (solid
lines) or air attacks (dotted lines» have been reported—ranging
north and south of a line more than 4,000 miles long along the
Equator—Involving operations in China, Indo-Chlna, Burma,
Malaya, the Netherlands Indies and Australian possessions north
of Australia itself. —A. P. Wirephoto.
(Continued From First Page.)
after a review of the situation by
1 the war cabinet and chiefs of staff
oi the military service who were
said to have presented detailed re
quests for specific military equip
ment, particularly bombers, fighter
planes and naval units.
Replies had not yet been received
from an earlier appeal to Washing
ton and London.
(Richard G. Casey, Australian
Minister. Saturday afternoon
handed to President Roosevelt at
the White House a letter from
his country’s Prime Minister,
John Curtin. After the visit Mr.
Casey refused to disclose the na
ture of the communication but
said the President had promised
to give it ‘‘a considerate answer
as soon as he can.")
In a broadcast. Mr. Forde took the
view that the whole war might be
won or lost in the Pacific.
"The only thing that can stop the
battle for Australia being fought
right on our beaches is immediate
of ^lalaya to
a strqBgtir^tat will recall to that
pivotal point of the war forces which
Japan now considers herself free to
use in Australian waters,” he de
John Beasley, minister of supply,
expressed the general Australian
feeling of alarm, declaring "the rlfr
lng sun is now almost overhead” and
said if the Japanese won Malaya 1
and Singapore f they could then ;
spread out to India and Australia,
win domination of the Pacific and
even send their navy into the At- I
lantic to aid the Germans.
“The battle of the Pacific is the
battle of the Atlantic,” he concluded.
Prime Minister Curtin, in a state
ment at Perth, said it is time “the
9.000.000 people in the Pacific de
manded a real voice in the decisions
for defense and strategy in the
Pacific.” He urged an Australian
seat in a British war cabinet and a
First News From Rabaul.
The first news from Rabaul in
more than 48 hours was obtained
by air reconnaissance from Port
Moresby, in Southeastern New
The military commandant there
said 11 Japanese merchant ships j
were in Rabaul harbor, 450 miles to
the northeast, last night and that j
three cruisers, a destroyer and an 1
aircraft carrier were standing 5
miles offshore along with another
motor ship. Mr. Forde said the
number of planes being used in-;
dicated three aircraft carriers were!
in the area.
It was believed the militia on the ;
island was continuing resistance,
but air reconnaissance disclosed no
signs of fighting near Rabaul.
Direct word had not been re
ceived from Rabaul since 4 pm.
Thursday when the Japanese fleet
was sighted 45 miles away.
There still was no precise report!
on the points at which Japanese had '
landed in New Guinea, which is part j
Australian and part Dutch, or the
progress they had made.
A London broadcast, heard by
N. B. C.. said the defenders on!
Bougainville, 500 miles east of New
Guinea, had "made contact’' with
Series of Battles
Australians and R. A. F.
By the Associated Press.
SINGAPORE, Jan. 24.—A mighty
battle raged indecisively tonight in
the greatest of confusion along the
80-mile breadth of the Malay Pe
ninsula approximately 70 miles
north of Singapore.
Australian gunners poured fire
into massed tank, truck and infan
try columns, and R. A. F. squadrons
roamed the battle front strafing and
bombing troop concentrations and
supply columns to the rear. Austra
lian lines in general were contract
ing. faced with the difficult prob
lems of insufficient men and ma
Said one correspondent with the
Australians at the front tonight:
"Singapore is now being well
guarded, but the troops are not
much better off than earlier in this
campaign and no better off than
their brothers in other theaters
earlier in this war. Our fighters are
over the front, but still every one
instinctively seeks cover when
planes are heard overhead.”
Melee of Battling.
In the western and eastern sec
tors the battle was a melee of
Japanese who had infiltrated
through jungles and rubber groves
and Australian detachments sent
out to track down and eliminate
In some cases, front-line dis
patches made plain, it was difficult
to tell who was the hunted and who
From the western coastal sector,
in particular, where the imperial
forces have been ordered into a
counterattack, small parties of In
dians and Australians trickled back
to their headquarters all day long
witl} stories of heroism.
Not until no more of these par
ties are returning, it was said, can
the situation be clarified.
In general, however, the Japanese
were active as far south as these
Western coastal sector—At Batu
Pahat, 60 miles northwest of Sing
Western sector, inland — Just
north of Yong Peng, 67 miles north
Central sector—At Paloh, a small
station on the railway, 14 miles
north of Kluang, which is 50 miles
north of Singapore.
East coastal sector—In the neigh
borhood of Mersing, 65 miles north
In the latter zone Australians
were reported holding their ground,
PIANOS for RENT
Choose from new
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827 14th St. N.W. I NA. 5948
successfully wiping out small pa
trols so far encountered.
British Planes Busy.
In the central sector the British
air force was bombing and ma
chine-gunning Japanese along the
road south of Labis, which im
perial forces previously had held.
Nineteen miles to the west, just
north of Yong Peng, Australian ar
tillery smashed numbers of tanks
and trucks attempting to advance.
And on the western coast to
day's communique said some of the
heaviest fighting was taking place
at Batu Pahat, where only Japan
ese infiltration activity had previ
ously been reported.
Dispatches from the front even
mentioned some Japanese patrols
south of Batu Pahat, but apparently
they were not numerous or strong.
Bukit Pavong, the nigged hill
where a violent battle was In prog
ress two days ago. is about nine
miles northeast of Batu Pahat, and
11 miles west of Yong Peng.
But it was not clear whether the
British fighting at Batu Pahat and
Yong Peng had been forced out of
the mountain position or were bat
tling Japanese efforts to flank it
from the south and east.
" TT was evident that'the Japanese
were gradually extending their hold
>n that direction.
For the first time in several days
the day passed without a Japanese
raid on Singapore. As many as 25
Japanese planes were reported flying
in a group over the front, bombing
all roads and intersections.
Chile shipped more than 500,000
dozen fresh eggs to Germany an- j
nually before the war.
Novelist Will Address
District Girl Scouts
Mrs. Margaret Culkin Banning,
novelist, whose latest book is "Salud: ,
A South American Journal,'’ will
address the annual luncheon of
Girl Scouts of the District tomor
row at the Willard Hotel on "West
ern Hemisphere Solidarity.”
Recent developments in Girl
Scouting in Latin America will be
discussed by Senorita Paulina
Gomez Vega of Bogota. Colombia,
vice president of the National Coun
cil of Girl Scouts in her country.
Seven tableaux depicting defense
activities of Girl Scouts will be
staged under direction of Miss Helen
Seth-Smith, leader of Troop No. 16.
who directed a troop in England
before coming to the United States
three years ago.
Speakers will be introduced by
Mrs. Edward W. Sturdevant. newly
elected commissioner of District
Girl Scouts. Guests will include
representatives of the State Depart
ment, Office of the Co-ordinator of
Inter-American Affairs, Pan-Amer- ,
lean Union. Red Cross. Interna
tional Y. W. C. A.. Children s Bu
reau, District Health Department
and American Women's Voluntary
About 23.000.000 pounds of cinchona
bark are stripped annually in
Netherlands Indies for the extrac
tion of quinine, says the Commerce
32 Japanese Planes
Shot Down in Burma
In Two-Day Fight
American and British
Pilots Prove Effective
By the Associated Press.
RANGOON. Burma, Jan. 24.—The
skillful American and British pilots
who defend the modem roads to
Mandalay won another spectacular
air combat over the Rangoon area
today, annihilating an entire
bomber squadron and totaling up
a two-day bag of 32 Japanese planes.
Military secrecy, meanwhile,
covered the land action in Southern
Burma’s watch - fob appendage,
where the British were shortening
their land lines east of Moulmein,
Kiplingesque port which lies across
the broad gulf of Martaban from
Thousands See Fight.
Thousands of delighted Burmese
saw the wild, mid-day dogfight In
the sky In which every one of a
seven-plane Japanese flight of
heavy, two-motored bombers was
shot down, and four of their protect
ing fighters were sent plummeting
in plames toward the rice paddies
about the city.
The Allied fighters scarcely had
refuelled when a second wave of
Japanese plahes, all single-seaters,
appeared. At heights up to 16.000
feet running duels began and the
fleeing Jaoanese were chased far
out of sight.
(The British radio said 16
enemy planes, including seven
bombers, were shot down during
the two raids. The broadcast,
heard in New York by C. B S.,
said the Americans and British
sustained no losses.)
The American volunteer group
claimed a majority of the bag of at
least 11 aircraft downed A former
naval flyer named Neil from Seattle.
Wash., said an explosion from a
Japanese bomber he was gunning
shook his pursuing Tomahawk like
Other flyers from San Antonio.
Tex., and Minnesota were credited
unofficially with bagging bombers.
Raiders Lose Zi Planes.
Yesterday the combined fighter
force of the R. A. F. and the A V G.
—American volunteer group of for
mer United States Army and Navy
pilots—knocked down 21 out of
more than 60 raiders.
All the United Nations’ flyers got
back to base in safety today. Two
were lost Saturday, one an Ameri
Bv contrast the Japanese bombers
today apparently lost every man of
their five-man crews. None was
seen to escape by parachute.
Their fighter esrtirts failed miser
ably to protect them from the savage
Tonight’s Army communique said
the fighting position in South Burma
was unchanged. Observers here be
lieved the British defenders were
exacting a stiff price from the Japa
nese and Thai (Siamese) invaders
for any ground lost, making sure at
the same time that when th<* pres
ent phase is over they will be able
to engage the enemy under circum
stances best suited for counter
Moulmein. within 26 miles of the
fighting as it last was reported now
is almost a gho6t city, many of its
70.000 European, Indian and Bur
mese inhabitants having been evacu
The government of Colombia is
investing in breweries. •
ONLY ONE WEEK LEFT IN WHICH TO TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF LOWERED PRICES OFFERED
DURING OUR BIG MIDWINTER
. dozens os NEW.
USED, SLOOR SAMPLE
L XT REDUCED PRIC*S! _
We also have on sale
at reduced prices a
number of items in
our musical instru
ment department —
drums, trumpets, etc.
Our big midwinter clearance ends Saturday, so
if you are interested in buying a good new or used
spinet, grand, console or small upright at a sav
ing, don't delay coming in. Still plenty of values
left—dozens of fine instruments of such makes
as Knabe, Chickering, Wurlitzer, Fischer, Weber,
Steinway (used), Estey, Starr, Krell, Lancaster,
Vollmer, Baldwin, Stieff, Minipiano and others
have been priced down to where they will move
quickly. Unusually large selection of types,
styles and sizes. A real sale and a once-a-year
opportunity to buy a fine piano at a saving in
our store, so don't miss it.
Now and Iliad
Pjpnos for Rani
—at reasonable monthly rotes.
Choose from new or used spinets,
grands, consoles ond small uprights.
, . V
ESCAPES JAPS—Pilot Officer
R. G. “Big Moose” Moss,
Georgia-born American vol
unteer with the Chinese Air
Force, reached Rangoon,
Burma, safely after parachut
ing from his damaged plane
and slipping through the Jap
anese lines. He got through
to Moulmein by river raft and
bull cart, then came back to
Rangoon in a British plane.
—A. P. Wirephoto.
Death at 112 Recalls
Britain’s oldest man, Alfred C.
Nunez, who died recently at the age
of 112, was a Londoner, and now
people are asking in what part of
the country has one the best chance
of living to be a hundred.
London has produced compara
tively few centenarians. Janet
Scrimshaw was 127 when she died
in 1711. Shropshire has a better
record than London. In Atterbury
| lived the Parrs. Thomas, known as
j “Old Parr," died at 152. He married
| the second time at 122. and had a
son. The youngest Parr died at 123,
, and Thomas' son-in-law lived to be
Shropshire boasts also of Thomas
. Cam, who died in 1588. Records
gave his age as 201. In Cumber
land, between 1664 and 1793. 13 per
sons died at ages ranging from
100 to 114.
Dealers in Carrots
Enmeshed in Red Tape
Under the new plan for the sale
and distribution, of washed carrots
the Ministry of Food in London re
quires wholesalers to fill in a dozen
forms each for every consignment.
A wholesaler stated that to sell 130
bags of carrots he had to fill out 49
Wholesalers sell the carrots as
agents of the National Marketing
Co., for which they must make com
plicated returns of receipts and sales.
Of one form the MarketinivCo. re
quires three copies itself from each
of the wholesale agents. For cne
consignment 14 documents may be
required—five forms, plus copies.
The dealers comment sarcastically
that the Ministry of Supply still
urges the salvage of every scrap of
Speed Arms Traffic
Along Burma Road
Don Gurley Trades Job
In U. S. for One With
B> a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 24
Don Gurley, 24, who once dis
patched huge trailer trucks along
the Atlantic seaboard for the Barn
well Bros. Co., is doing the same
job now for Generalissimo Cbi&ng
Kai-shek on the Burma road.
According to word received hers
by one of his friends. Fire Chief
James M. Duncan. Mr. Gurley has
arrived at Lashio, the transfer point
where supplies consigned to the
Chinese armies under the lease
lend program are removed from the
freight trains coming up from
Rangoon and put aboard trucks for
the perilous route to the interior
Mr. Gurley was one of 43 trans
portation specialists selected from
companies In the United States to
go to China to straighten out the
traffic situation along the Burma
road, under fire recently for al
leged inefficiency and graft. The
group got as far as Manila when
the Japanese attacked and how they
finally escaped and reached their
destination has not been made pub
With his companions. Mr. Gurley
Is now aiding in getting much
needed war materials over the route
that winds through mountainous
country into the area where the
Chinese armies are based.
Maori Chieftainess Dies
Death has taken the Maori chief
tainess, Mrs. Hipera Werohit, at
the age of 102. She was bom in the
Omahu district, near Hastings, New
Zealand, and was the only remain
ing chieftainess of the Ngata Upo
kori Tribe. She wai married four
times. Only from her first mar
riage was there any family, a daugh
ter. She is survived by four grand
children. 12 great-grandchildren, six
great-great-grandchildren and one
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Phone District 0921
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