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Slightly colder tonight. Temperatures today— Highest. 41, at 5 a.m.; lowest, 38, at 1:45 a.m.; 40 at 4 pm. Prom the United States Weather Bureau Report. Full Details on Pace A-2. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 16. NIGHT FINAL (4>) Maana Assoclatad Prass. 90th YEAR. No. 35.698. WASHINGTON, D. C„ MONDAY, JANUARY 26, 1942 - THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. THREE CENTS. U. S. SUB SINKS JAP AIRCRAFT CARRIER; Second Vessel Also Sent Down In Philippines Other Enemy Ships Hit by U. 5. in Macassar Straits ( Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Sinking of a Japanese aircraft carrier in the Far East was re ported bv the Navy tonight in a communique that also disclosed Sinking of a 5,000-ton enemy ves sel in a second torpedo boat raid close in Subic Bay, Philippine Is lands. The aircraft carrier, believed to be of the fleet carrier size, was sunk during continued action against Japanese convoys in the Macassar Straits. The Navy re ported yesterday the sinking of five additional enemy transports and probably one other in the same locality and hostilities are said to be still raging there. The Navy also reported that heavy hits on additional enemy destroyers and transports had been delivered by United States units in the battle of the strait, which lies between the islands of Borneo and Celebes on the route to the Dutch East Indies. “While it is still impossible to estimate total damage inflicted by our combat vessels,” the Navy communique said, “the known results are substantial.” A small, hard-hitting torpedo boat, under command of Ensign George Cox. made the second successful raid into Subic Bay, to sink an enemy craft. Participqt- j ing in that attack also were Lt. John D. Bulkley. who made last week’s raid, and Lt. Sdward G. De Long. The daring dash succeeded in spite of heavy close-range fire from shore batteries and Jap anese machine-gun-fire from the ship under attack. The motor torpedo boat, of the type known as "mosquito” boats, slipped into waters near its Japanese objec tive despite the net and boom defenses laid down by the enemy. While lt is still impossible to estimate total damages by our Navy's combat vessels, the com munique said, the two reported tonight may safely be added to the totals previously reported in naval communiques. This would bring the total ships sunk by the Navy to 39, which, added to the Army's 13. make a total of 51 since fighting started in the Far East. Bund Trial Witness Guilty in Drugs Case B» tfce Associated Press. NEW YORK. Jan. 26—Virginia Cogswell, once known as “the Geor gia Peach," pleaded guilty today to a naicotics charge just before she was to go on trial. Miss Cogswell. 32. recently was a prosecution witness at the trial of Fritz Kuhn, former leader of the German-American Bund, who now Is in prison. After her arrest last September | on i charge of obtaining a nar cotic on prescriptions obtained from two physicians on the same day, she said she had received many threat-, ening letters and telephone calls after her testimony and that she used the narcotic for a heart con dition that developed as a result of the threat*. ■ House Accepts Price Control Compromise Effort to Return Plan to Conference Is Voted Down (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. A compromise wartime price control bill was approved finally by the House today and sent to the Senate. Passage came after the House re jected. on a 209-to-189 roll call vote, a Republican demand that the legis lation be sent back to conference with instructions to eliminate pro visions for licensing of business and to create a board of review to study price orders. Majority Leader McCormack had told the House earlier that some of the Republican objections to the measure were not sound and that President Roosevelt would sign the bill even though additional remedial legislation might be necessary. Representative Wolcott. Repub lican. of Michigan asserted during debate that he doubted whether Price Administrator Leon Hender son was "temperamentally fitted" for his Job. During debate on price-control legislation. Mr. Wolcott said: "The reason we have been fighting over this for several months is that we doubt that Leon Henderson is tempermentally fitted for this job. He's a splendid fellow. I don't be lieve he's a Communist.” Mr. Wolcott contended the con ference report would not Interfere with Government "bureaucrats” who might be more interested in con trolling agriculture and business than in regulating prices. -- Hill Plea for New Trial Will Be Heard Wednesday A motion for a new trial for George Hill. Capitol secretary', will be heard at 10 a m. Wednesday by District Court Justice F. Dickinson Letts. Attorneys for Mr Hill, second secretary to Representative Fish, Republican, of New York, contend evidence was illegally admitted at the trial that recently resulted in his conviction on charges he per jured himseif before a District grand jury investigating Nazi propa ganda. Policemen Foil Woman In Death Leap Attempt B> the Associated Fws NEW YORK. Jan. 26—For 55 minutes today Mary Kovatch. 37, cleaning woman, stood on the ledge of the 18th floor of the International Telephone & Telegraph Co. Build ing. waving'to the crowd below and threatening to jump. Then, as she stepped back momentarily into the building, two policemen tackled her. Herbert Juch, building superin tendent. who discovered the woman, had not checked out of the building on schedule, said she ignored his pleas to leave the sill, shouting: “I’m poisoned." While she stood on the ledge she tossed down a paper napkin on which was written: "I want help.” She was taken to a hospital. Illinois Educator Dies SPRINGFIELD. 111.. Jan. 26 (^P>.— Francis G. Blair. 77. former superin tendent of public instruction in Illi nois for 28 years and widely known as an educator, died today. Senate Kills Attempt to Limit War Powers Bill, 47 to 32 BULLETIN. The Senate, by a vote of 47 to 32, this afternoon refused to modify the Government’s right, under the new war pow ers bill, to sell or lease with out time limit properties ac quired and taken over for war purposes. By J. A. O’LEARY. A section of the new war pow ers bill amending the Hatch Act to permit members of local po litical committees throughout the country to serve on draft boards or similar part-time civilian de fense work stirred controversy i during Senate debate on the measure today. Senators Brown, Democrat, of Michigan and Gillette. Democrat, of Iowa opposed the exemption, while Senators O’Mahoney. Democrat, of Wyoming and Austin, Republican, of Vermont defended it as necessary to the defense effort. Senator Brown said he could think Of no group to whom the Hatch Act ahould apply as much as to those about to be exempt, such as draft boards and tire rationing boards. Senator OMahoney replied. “It is Utterly wrong to say that because a Sian has accepted a place on a local,1 I state or national political commit ! tee. he shall have no part in the war effort at home. I have always re sented the inference that because a man becomes engaged in politics he becomes unclean.” Senator Brown said that was a good argument against the Hatch i Act in its entirety, but he insisted I there is no Government official deal i ing with a more tender subject than j passing on the status of citizens lor military service. The Michigan Sen ator said he has never accepted the principles of the Hatch Act, but if 1 it is to be accepted on the statute books then the men who pass on ' such matters as military service should not be exempt On Dollar-a-Year Men. Senator Brown also asserted it would be unfair to exempt dollar a-year men from the Hatch Act while applying it to the clerks under these officials, but Senator O'Ma ! honey pointed out the pending bill does not exempt dollar-a-year men who are serving full time on Gov ernment work. Senator Gillette recalled that he was chairman of the Campaign In vestigating Committee two years ago, and declared that “we uncov ered time and again the use of influence, indirectly.” He added his belief it would be “a fatal mistake to open the door to destruction of the Hatch Act.” Earlier Senators Danaher. Repub “<See WAR POWER®, Pp£? 2 .2.) SEVENTH SHIP SUNK OFF ATLANTIC COAST—The Navy De partment announced today that the 8,016-ton ore carrier Venore was torpedoed and sunk off the Atlantic Coast early Saturday morning. The vessel was the seventh sunk and the eighth at tacked by submarines off the seaboard in the last two weeks. Twenty-two of the crew were reported missing. < Story on Page A-l.) —A. P. Wirephoto. -- A _ New Civil Service Retirement Bill Is Signed by President Members of Congress Get Pension Privileges Under Measure President Roosevelt this after noon signed the new civil service retirement bill, liberalizing the optional features for Government employes generally, and giving members of Congress pension privileges. The most important changes made in the old law are: Establishes a uniform age limit of 70 for compulsory retirement, whereas the present law had three age limits—62. 65 and 70—depending on the type of work performed. Gives employes the option of re tiring at 60 after 30 years of serv ice, or at 62 after 15 years of serv ice. Allows employes the option to re tire at 55 after 30 years of service, but writh a smaller annuity. Also gives the Government the option of retiring an employe at these earlier age limits where it is deemed advisable, subject to a hear ing before the Civil Service Com mission. Increases the employe contribu tion to t+fT retirement fund from 3*2 per cent to 5 per cent of sal ary to help meet the cost of the more liberal age limits. Changes the formula for comput ing the pension to give those in the higher salary brackets a more equitable annuity in relation to their contributions. Under the present law. employes below the $1,600 level may retire on 75 per cent of their taasic salaries after 30 years, while those between $1,600 and $2,400 may receive up to 50 per cent. The percentage rate of annuities to salaries in the higher grades is as low as 20 per cent. Senator Capper. Republican, of Kansas made a last-minute appeal to the President Saturday to veto the bill because of the provision for congressional pensions, and Senator Byrd. Democrat, of Vir ginia tried unsuccessfully to amend the bill to require member of Con gress to deposit back payments for at least five years. Federal Agencies Blamed For Scrap Iron Scarcity A spokesman for the scrap Iron industry blamed Federal agencies today for "the present scarcity, of scrap iron.” Charlbs H. Lipsett of New York, publisher of the Daily Metal Re porter and the Waste Trade Jour nal, told the House Small Business Committee there was "a great short age" of the metal, but said there was no hoarding by the industry generally. "In my humble judgment," he said, "the present scarcity of scrap iron is due largely to the wrong ap proach to that industry by the O. P. M. and the O. P. A„ and to a lack of understanding of the importance of a co-ordinated national collection drive, and the failure to appreciate its value. "At a time when efforts should have been made to bring out scrap by a co-ordinated collection drive, there was a bickering among com mittees, lack of understanding, opposition because of selfish inter est, with the result that nothing was accomplished.*’ Mr. Lipsett told the committee the scrap iron industry furnished 27,500.000 terns of scrap to the steel industry in 1941 and hoped to fur nish 32.000,000 tons this year "if the national collection campaign" is -'•essful. President and Congress Join In Tribute to MacArthur (Earlier Story «n Page A-2.) President Roosevelt this afternoon joined members of Con gress in paying tribute to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in the Philip pines, congratulating him "on the magnificent stand that you and your men are making.” Mr. Roosevelt, in a telegram to Gen. MacArthur. who observed Ins 62d birthday today, told the general that "we are watching with pride and understanding, and are think ing of you on your birthday.” "Senator' Thomas. Democrat, of Utah told the Senate today that Gen. MacArthur's courage and re sourcefulness in defending the Philippines had never been sur passed by a military commander. Senator Thomas said: “Seldom in all history has a mili tary leader faced such insuperable odds. Never has a commander or his troops met such a situation with greater and cooler courage; never with more resourceful or briliant ac tion.” In the House. Gen. MacArthur was honored as "one of the out standing Americans of all time.” Majority Leader McCormack told a cheering House that Gen Mac Arthur was "a great military leader and a brilliant strategist.” "Douglas MacArthur is one of the outstanding Americans of all time,” Mr. McCormack said. “In honoring him today, when he is waging the greatest fight of his career, we honor also every officer > and enlisted man of his command." Representative Fish, Republican, of New York, said Gen. MacArthur s leadership and devotion to duty in face of great odds was “an inspira tion to the American people.*’ Mr. Fish said the general was "an ex perienced, brilliant, able, and courageous officer." "On this, his birthday anniversary, let us in the House of Representa tives. including many who knew him well and admire him. send over to him and his heroic American and Philippine soldiers a message of heartfelt congratulations and gratitude for his brave and mag nificent stand. Mr. Fish said. The New Yorker expressed a "fervent hope" that Gen. MacArthur would live to see the United States victorious in the islands and that he would "lead our armies to vic tory, not only against the treacher ous Japs but against all their allies wherever the war may be waged. ' Mr. Fish said Gen MacArthur's success in organizing an island army “has been amply demonstrated in the glorious and gallant battle he is fighting against overwhelming Japanese forces." $2,135,250 D. C. Works Bill Is Signed by President President Roosevelt has ap proved a $2,135,250 public works program for the District to pro vide for urgently needed expan sion of municipal water, sewer, school and fire protection facul ties, it was announced late today. Here are the projects authorized under the program: 1— $230,000 (including a $115,000 grant and a loan of the same amount i for construction of a 30 inch water main from Eighteenth street and Minnesota avenue to Firth Sterling and Stevens roads SJ5., to provide, chiefly, for water supply for some 8,700 homes of war workers in that Southeast area 2— *798.900 i a grant) for construc tion of about 2 miles of storm sewers to prevent flooding of low areas in Anacostia. 3— $28,000 (divided equaUy in loan and grant) for installation of a 10,000,000-gallon-daily pump at the Dalecarlia Filtration Plant, includ ing motor, new foundation, installa tion of suitable control equipment and necessary piping and valves. 4— $198,150 (Including a $59,000 loan and a grant of *139.150• for construction and equipment of an eight-room elementary school build ing at Nichols avenue and Atlantic street S.E., to serve as the first unit of an extensible structure. 5— $273,000 (including a loan of $109,000 and a grant of $164.000> for construction of more than 2 miles of water mains to give the Con gress Heights area additional water ; supply. 6— $550,000 (including a grant and loan of $275,000 each) for construe- I tion of additional chemical mixing j and flocculating capacity to' serve the entire filtration system. This project would include six new 4.000. OOO-gaUon-daily capacity filter units, which would increase the filtration capacity by 24.000.000 gallons daily. Construction of additional reservoir facilities also is included. 7.—$57,000 (a grant) for extension of the existing fire alarm system to residential areas in the Northeast and Southeast sections where such fire protection facilities are not now available. j McNutt Says It Would BeTragic To Bring Back Prohibition (Earlier Story on Page B-l.) Federal Security Administrator Paul V. McNutt said bluntly today that he thought it would be a ‘tragedy” if the war were used as an excuse to bring back prohibition. In answer to a question on this subject at the board meeting of the General Federation of Wom en’s Clubs at the Mayflower Hotel, Mr. McNutt said that he did not want to go through what we went through during the last war. His office has made no recom mendation on 4 proposed legislation relative to prohibition, he said, and expressed belief that camp officials would be on the alert to keep the liquor situation under control. If such control is not effective, he predicted, there will be legislation. Mr. McNutt said some of the health and welfare problems with which his office is concerned are at their worst here, but promised his staff would do something to bring about an improvement. Conservation, he declared, should j be extended to health and human resources. "Play and leisure have an important part in human con- ' servation and national defense," he said. He also suggested that if factories worked round the clock, community recreation facilities — school gym nasiums, public parks and commun ity centers—should be put on a three-shift basis. GUIDE FOR READERS Page. Amusements B-14 j Comics B-12-13 j Editorials .-.A-S i Editorial Articles ~ .A-# i Financial ..A-16| Legal Notices B-11 1 Lost & Found A-S ! Page. Obituary Radio.B-l* Serial.B-7 Society-B-S Sports . A-14-15 Woman's Page_A-12 Where to Go B-l Axis Submarine Used Ruse to Lure Ship Within Firing Range Attocker Posed as Lightship to Sink U. S. Ore Carrier By the Associated Press. NORFOLK, Va., Jan. 26—An Axis submarine posing as a lightship lured the American ore carrier Venore to close range with a blinker signal oft the Car olina coast Saturday morning and then sank the 8.016-ton con verted tanker by torpedo and shellfire with the possible loss of 22 lives. The Navy announced the sinking today with the arrival here of 21 survivors. Crewmen said the sub marines crafty tactics “fooled us completely" by blinking in code that she was a lightship and requesting the Venore to draw near. “We started toward her still think ing she was the lightship when a shell hit us in the bow.” said Allen Harte. able seaman from Baltimore. The Navy received its first word that still another United States ship was under fire of a submarine when the vessel's radio operator flashed a distress call at 12:47 a.m. Late Races Earlier results, Rossvan's Com ment. other selections and entries for tomorrow on Pace 2-X. Hialeah Park FIFTH RACE—Purse *1.300: allow ances: 3-year-olds: * furlongs Bold Qu'stion (Caff rella i 13.50 5.30 4 in Tomochiehi (Atkinson! 3.00 -.50 Pig Tails (Schmidl) 3.30 Time. 115 4-5 Also ran—Dennis F Spread Eagle. Bit Meal. Lochness and First Lord. SIXTH RACE—Purse. *1.400: the Sil ver Bluff: 4-year-olds and upward: 11 a miles. Peep Show (Mehrtensi 11.40 fi in 3.P0 Total Eclipse (Breen) 3.00 *J1(* City Talk (Day) 310 Time, 1 :S0 3-5. Also ran—Pet. Century Note and Home ward Bound. First Combat Group Of Several Thousand Is Headed by Hartle i n No Indication of Additional Units Given by Stimson Secretary of War Stimson an nounced at 1 p.m. today that United States Army forces had arrived in Northern Ireland un der the command of Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle. The announcement was made in the first extraordinary war com munique issued at midday by the War Department since hostilities began. Mr. Stimson refused to designate the units, their composition and ' strength. For military secrecy the ports of embarkation, sailing dates and other details of the movement from the United States were kept secret. A War Department spokesman cautioned that this movement could hardly be termed an American Expeditionary Force He pointed out that Ireland, as in the case of Ice land. was an outpost. There was no indication as to whether this initial force would be followed by others at any early date American engineers, laborers and technicians for several months have been preparing huge bases in North ern Ireland. Text of Communique. The War Department communique No. 77 follows: No. 1. Northern Ireland. The Secretary of War announces the ar rival in northern Ireland of United States Army forces under the com mand of Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartte. The Secretary of War declined to make public the designation of the units. their composition and strength nor would be divulge the ports of debarkation, dates of sail ing or other details of movement from the United States. No. 2. There is nothing to report from other areas. Gen. Hartle. who commands this first American military force landing at a Northern Ireland base, is a na i tive of Chewsville. Md. He entered the Army in 1910 after graduating ! from the University of Maryland at ' College Park. He will be 53 years j old on June 26 and is among the younger high commanders. He served on the War Plans Di vision of the War Department General Staff from 1934 to 1937, j when he became chief of the opera tions section. He left that duty the year following to take the ad vance course at the Naval War College, and then went on duty in Puerto Rico. He served with the 65th Infantry and as commander of the post of San Juan and Fort Buchanan until October l, 1940, when he was designated as com ; mander of the Puerto Ricari mobile ' force. Gen. Hartle returned to the United States for duty on June 19 last for duty with the 6th Division at Fort Leonard Wood. Miss. On • August 19 last he was assigned to i the 34th Infantry Division at Fort ; Claiborne, La. ! First Combat Force in Europe. Special Army details have been sent to England. Libya. China and elsewhere through the war zones, j but today s announcement was the first that an American combat mili tary force under its own com mander had been sent to such a distant outpost in which might be j (See IRELAND, Page 2-X ' Late News Bulletins Short and Kimmel Suffered Loss in Rank Both Gen. Walter C. Short and Admiral Husband E. Kimmel suffered a loss in rank on being relieved of their commands in the Pacific, it was disclosed this afternoon. Gen. Short reverted to major general from lieutenant gen eral and Admiral Kimmel reverted to rear admiral, officials said. These were permanent ranks held by the men. (Earlier Story on Page A-1.) Government to Return to Paris, Swiss Say LONDON MWThe Swiss radio reported tonight that the French government will return to Paris March 1. The source of the information was not given. Nazis Report New Jap Landings in Malaya LONDON MWThe German radio reported tonight that the Japanese had effected new landings on the west coast of Malaya and were advancing in a semicircle on Johore Bahru^ which lies at the very end of the Malay Peninsula, across Singapore Strait from the island of Singapore. House Asked to Pass Police Pay Bill The House District Committee, in a formal report, this afternoon urged the House to pass the Schulte bill, designed to increase the maximum pay of District firemen and Met ropolitan, Park and White House police by $300 a year. Churchill, III With Cold, Won't Broadcast LONDON MWPrime Minister Churchill is suffering from a heavy cold and, acting on medical advice, will not make a broadcast tomorrow, the Ministry of Information said to night. He hopes to make & statement in Commons shortly, however. No broadcast had been announced, but the state ment Indicated he had planned to make one. r Hearty Welcome Given Soldiers \ On Arrival B» the Associated Press. I PORT IN NORTHERN IRE LAND. Jan. 26.—The vanguard 1 of 1942’s A. E. F., several thou sand strong, landed in this port today, less than three weeks after President Roosevelt an nounced they were coming. I "The Yanks Are Here Again!” said British headlines tonight. Part of an infantry division with ■ an artillery complement, the troops ' were said to include men from all parts of the United States. Wearing tin hats and packing ' full kits, the men trooped ashore to the strains of "America.” played by < a band and were greeted by the cheers of a throng waiting at a red, white and blue bedecked dock shed. ’ The British Press Association said 1 the convoy was escorted across the , submarine-infested Atlantic by units of both the United States and Brit ish Navies. Not a life was lost in 1 transit. Men Rarin' to Go. As the swelling olive-drab ranks poured ashore, their officers declared their men were ''all pepped up and < rarin' to go.” They stepped on the soil of the Old World, in the second adventure ' of an A. E F. in a quarter of a cen tury, less than two months after , Germany and Italy had declared themselves at war with the United States. •'Your safe arrival marks a new stage in the World War and a gloomy portent for Hitler. Nor will ' its significance be lost on Gen. Tojo.” . declared Sir Archibald Sinclair, ' British Air Minister, in a welcoming speech. Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle. the commanding officer of the disem barking troops, stepped ashore first. A band broke into "America” as he reached the end of the gangplank. Just before the ship reached the dock the band played "The Star Spangled Banner” and the throng gave three cheers. Minnesotan First Ashore. The British Broadcasting Corp. said Pvt. Milbum Henke, 22. Hutch inson. Minn., was the first soldier to set foot on Northern Ireland soil behind Gen. Hartle. The B B. C. said Henke's father was born in Germany. Military censors prevented identi fication of the units or publication of their exact numbers. There was no announcement of plans for the troops, but it was un derstood they were being taken to an encampment somewhere in s Northern Ireland. Steam Slowly Into Port. The ships steamed slowly into this ' port as a large group of American and British Army officers and journalists stood waiting, straining their eyes to catch the first glimpse of the Yanks lined against the deck railings. The soldiers, too, were eager for a glimpse of their new area of oper ations. They were sticking their heads out of every opening in the ship. Mixed emotions were apparent on the faces of the troops, who wore steel campaign helmets and full campaign packs. Some of them flipped hesitant Nazi Planes Appear Over North Ireland; No Damage Reported Bt the Associated Press. LONDON. Jan. 26.—German planes were over Northern Ire land today, but apparently did no damage. A communique of R. A. F. headquarters for Northern Ire land and the Northern Ireland Ministry of Public Security said: • "There was some slight air activity over Northern Ireland this afternoon. Air defenses went into action. No incidents have been reported.'’ hand-waves as the convoy neared - l the docks. Salute American Flag. Several men quickly saluted the ' American flag which flew from a staff on the docks. The British „ Union Jack flew from a similar staff a few feet away. The B. B. C. tonight on its 9 p.m. . : (3 p.m.. E. S. T.) program gave the ! general British public its first new's of the arrival of the American " troops. Only a few officials and journal ists with inside sources of informa tion knew that tney were even ex pected within so short a time after ; President Roosevelt s announcement « on January 6 that they would be sent. That announcement was made in the President's “State of the ’ Union" message to Congress. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK. Jan. 36 (Ah.— , Stocks firm: rails, specialties lean forward. Bonds higher; car riers continue advance. Cotton s strong; trade and commission house buying.