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In Part to Secrecy Contributing Cause Seen in Keeping Stern Note Quiet By DAVID LAWRENCE. Secret diplomacy and the sup pression of vital news of what the Japanese and American Govern ments were doing may have been a contributing cause of the Pearl Harbor disaster. Despite the fact that the American Gov ernment tradl tlonally has been the cham pion of open diplomacy and despite the pledge publicly given by Presi dent Roosevelt David Lawrcnet. that he would keep the leaders of both parties In Congress advised of critical moves in the international situation, It Is now possible to state that no such communication was made relative to the all-important note of November 26 sent by the United States to Japan. Senator Connolly, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee, when asked whether he or any other member of the committee knew of the firm note of Novem ber 26, stated to this correspondent that he did not know about it till he read it in the press just after Pearl Harbor was attacked. There is nothing to indicate that the Senators would have disagreed with the policy of firmness in deal ing with Japan or that they would have disapproved of the contents of the note, but It Is interesting to consider what would have been the effect on the American people and hence on the entire Army and Navy, including those stationed at Hawaii and the Philippines, if the document had been given to the press Novem ber 26. Historians May Ponder. Assuming that the Japanese ships were out to sea and waiting for orders to move closer to Pearl Har bor. would not the American mili tary and naval forces have realized that America was on the verge of war after reading the note of No vember 26? This is the question which historians may be asking and which defenders of a policy of open dealing with the people of a democ racy through the press, as contrasted with a hush-hush and suppression policy, may exhibit as an example of tragedy that came because the facts were withheld. What would have been the public reaction If It had been revealed that the United States Government had formally demanded that Japan withdraw from China and recognise the Chungking government? This demand is believed to have aggra vated an already tense situation and proof of this Is to be found in the bitterly phrased note of the Jap anese which was handed to the American Government on the very day of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The Roberts report says the Jap anese government planned to sever diplomatic relations at 1 o'clock Washington time and attack simul taneously. The Japanese plan for synchronizing the steps apparently went wrong, but that Japan was smarting under the American note cannot be doubted from the follow ing language of her reply: "The proposal in question <Amer ica's suggestion that Japan withdraw from China and recognize the Chungking government) ignores Japan's sacrifices in the four years of the China affair, menaces the empire's existence and disparages its honor and prestige.” Could Have Alerted Command. Anybody familiar with Far East ern affairs must have known that such a demand as America made on November 26 would make the Japanese angry. It will be argued that they deserved such a blunt statement but can it be argued that when such a serious decision was made it should have been kept secret and not given to the United State* armed forces and the Ameri can people as well as the Japanese people? The policy of suppression played into the hands of the mili taristic clique in Japan and deprived the American Army and Navy officers of information which would have Impressed upon them the necessity for being on the alert dur ing the 11 days that elapsed between November 26 and December 7. It will be said that the note was withheld for fear of offending Japan. But the speeches made by American official spokesmen which were published in Japan during the last week in October were not in hibited by any such considerations of international etiquette or diplo matic restraint. The fact remains that America drifted into war with out the influential leaders of either party In Congress or the American people knowing the contents of a On the Record Morale of U. S. Troops Cited as One Reason President Can Rejoice on His Birthday By DOROTHY TH0MP80N. There ere many things for which the President can be thankful on his 60th birthday, today, In spite of the fact that seven weeks ago it looked as though it would be a very bad one for him. C o nsidering the disaster of the initial blow seven weeks ago, occurring when the pub lio mind was unprepared and the Nation divided; con sidering the Dcralfar Th»apa». Immediate stupefying effect of that blow, and the humiliation of It, and the way in which It dissi pated all calculations, America is again showing her remarkable recuperative power. If Pearl Harbor wrote a dis graceful chapter of American history, the investigation and the publication of the report, openly, for all the world to read, was an act of civil courage that con tributes more to the morale of a free people than any whitewash Job could ever do. At least, we didn't hear that Gen. Short had heart trouble or that Admiral Kimmel had apoplexy. If Pearl Harbor was a morale debacle, representing all the worst aspects of the American mind — complacency, self-right eousness, lack of the co-operative spirit and of thoroughness, and responsibility—the Philippine re sistance will go down among the great epics of American history. MacArthur, Hart Praised. There a great general, Douglas MacArthur, and a fine admiral, Thomas C. Hart, are encourag ing brave men to stand where hardly more than a delaying ac tion can be hoped for; buying with their heroism precious time for others; displaying that effi cient co-ordination, awift wary energy and selfless devotion that were lacking at Pearl Harbor, and winning the eternal grati tude of the American Nation. And they keep the spirit and tactics of the offensive, even against overwhelming odds, for wherever the enemy displays the slightest weakness they attack at that point. There is the same co-ordina tion, efficiency and heroism in the Battle of the Macassar Strait. Three cheers for the Dutch, Mr. President, on your birthday. And three cheers for our forces at the strait. There, by wonderful co-ordina tion of the Dutch and American forces, of air forces coming from various bases, of fleet and air craft. havoc has been wrought against the Japanese. The larg est convoy of troop transports yet destroyed in this war has been accomplished in a difficult maneuver of timing and collabo ration. This Battle of Macassar Strait is restoring confidence in the possibility of holding the Dutch East Indies and is bucking up Australia. U. S. Flyers Aid China. And the small, isolated volun teer force of American flyers in Rangoon, Burma, is nothing for us to cry about. They are shoot ing the Japs out of the sky, like pigeons, and proving the im measurable superiority of Amer ican planes and pilots over the Japs, given a vestige of a chance, protecting the lifeline of China— the Burma road—and giving the people of China a foretaste of what our help will be one of these days. The landing of troops in North ern Ireland, with complete secrecy and without a single loss in a large convoy, is another evidence that the spirit of the Maglnot Line evaporated in Hawaii. The accomplished fact, together with the • President’s announcement that we would send troops aU over the world, Is a moral and political victory that is making a tremendous impression in Europe. The Germans are at pains to make light of it; they emphasise that in the last war American troops could be landed on the continent because there was a western front. Of course, in the lest war, when American troops landed there was no Eastern front; Rus sia had been knocked out of the war for keeps. Today there Is an eastern front, an African front, and a western front in the mak ing. And, at any rate, this Isn’t the last war—and this war has Its own tricks, and all the tricks are not In the minds of the Axis. Tribute to Our Troops. One thing stands out in all tha accounts, even In the accounts of Pearl Harbor—the unexampled behavior of the American troops, the common soldiers. On Wake Island, in Hawaii, In the Philippines, everywhere, they have showed guts, resourcefulness, superb bravery. And nothing in any way Is as important as this: The quality of spirit and behavior among the rank and file of the armed forces. Everything else can be remedied except the morale of armed forces as a whole. For the bulk of the army Is representative of the nation and expresses the spirit of the nation. * The spirit of this Nation is all right; all right in 1942 as it was all right In 1917, in 1812, in 1776— and as It will be all right In 1976 and 2076. For America has Just begun to fight, and America has Just begun to live. Happy birthday, Mr. President. And may your next be lots hap pier than this one. (RsltessS by tha Ball BradleeW. las.) Your Income Tax No. 26—Deductions for Professional Expenses A professional man may deduct all necessary expenses incurred In the pursuit of his profession. These in clude the cost of supplies used in his practice, office rent, cost of light, water, fuel and telephone in his of fice, the hire of office assistants, and expenses paid in the operation and repair of an automobile, based upon the proportion of time it is used for professional purposes. Many physicians use their resi dences both as their offices and their homes. In such Instance the phy sician may deduct as a business ex pense the rental value of the rooms occupied for office purposes if he ac tually pays rent, and also the cost of light and heat furnished these rooms. Also, he may deduct a por tion of the wages paid domestic serv-; ants whose time is partly occupied in caring for these rooms. Membership dues in professional societies are de ductible. Physicians and dentists who keep in their waiting rooms current magazines and newspapers for the benefit of their patients may deduct this item as a business ex pense. The cost of professional journals for the taxpayer’s own use is also a deductible item. The cost of technical books is not a deductible item, being a capital expenditure, but a proportionate amount for each year's depreciation of the books may be deducted. De preciation may also be taken on office furniture and equipment. In surance premiums on office or other professional equipment and liability insurance may be deducted. A pre mi u m paidforautomobileliability decisive note until 11 days after it had been sent and an open at tack had been made on the United States. The record of what hap- j pened is important while the ir. 1 dents are fresh in the minds of those familiar with the sequence. As the events of war multiply, some times incidents of this kind are for gotten or lost in the confusion of vague recollections. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Fine Footwear Since lt!5 "SALUTE THE MARSHALL" Expressing Dual Personality! New straight tip, English pattern, harness stitched thruout. Medium tan Norwegian grain. A great favorite with both military and civilion groups. Snyder®. Little IMMNI4t|» 1229 G St. N.W. Marshall $I6°° Insurance should be apportioned and that part of the premium attribut able to business may be deducted as a business expense. | Crash Injuries Fatal STAUNTON, Va„ Jan. 30 (it*).— Injuries sustained Wednesday when struck by an automobile near Qreen vllle resulted In the death yesterday in a hospital here of Miss Lula Painter, 47, of Greenville. era* opinions of the miters on this page are their own, not * necessarily The Star's. Such opinions arq presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. The Great Game of Politics Signs Point to Policy That New Dealers Will Lose Monopoly on Effort to Win the War By FRANK B. KENT. The great handicap to our war production effort Is the lack of raw materials. We talk a lot about the inexhaustible wealth and Immense resources of this country Yet, be side the rubber shortage which has paralyzed our largest In dustry, there is a shortage of aluminum, of manganese, of mica, of tung sten, of tin and of various other commodities ab solutely essen tial to the manu Frink B. Bint. facture of war equipment. It Is a very vital part of the Job of Donald Nelson, head of the War Production Board, to find substi tutes for these things; or to de velop their production here: or to arrange, despite the difficulties, for their importation. Clearly, he is not going to be able to provide ade quately for civilian as well as mili tary needs. It will be a tremen dous achievement If he succeeds In supplying the latter. Of oourse, It Is true that these shortages should not exist. The reason they do exist Is because until two weeks ago there had been no real head to our pro duction machinery. Though w# were preparing for war, there waa no competent direc tion. In consequence, the business of looking ahead was nobody’s busi ness. In consequence, there was no one to think of the future. In consequence, there was no one com bining authority with intelligence to buy up and store these materials for governmental need. In conse quence, the warning voices of B. M. Baruch and a few others, urging that we profit by the experience of the past, went unheeded. Inconse quence, there were 33 months of Incompetency and confusion, and when the war finally came we were caught off balance. Nrisen Takes Hold. But there Is no use dwelling on these undeniable facts now. Not withstanding lost time and present handicaps the job has to be done and it Is encouraging to report that Mr. Nelson appears to be grappling with It In an effective way. When he first took hold, the background of his selection and the character of his associations created consider able fear lest he lend himself too completely to the advice and in fluence of the little group of “In side” New Dealers, sometimes known as the palace guard, among whom he had his strongest support. Se tar this fear has net been Justi fied. On the contrary. In the three weeks since his appointment. Mr. Nelson has demonstrated two things —first, that he Is selecting his own men: second, that he listens to reason and Is anxious to profit by the experience of the past. More than that—he appreciated very clearly that If. after that executive order. In which the President gave him complete power, he yielded an inch he would be ruined. Failure, even for a moment, to recognize that hesitation about acting as he thinks best, consulting Whom he pleases and picking the men he wants, would be fatal. So far ha has shown no such hesitation. So far he has resisted every effort to whittle him down and the whlttlera appear somewhat dls The Lewis & Thos. Saltz 1409 GStr**1, N.W. SALE OF FINE QUALITY CLOTHING This is the Annual Sale which so many men look fotward to each year. Since we have only two price reductions yearly, these savings represent extraor dinary values, worthy of widespread atten tion. This season, more so than ever be fore, this Sale is significant. Firstly, be cause prices on clothing are rising. Sec ondly, because of the increasing difficulties encountered in obtaining imported and the finer domestic woolens. All merchandise is from our regular stocks, exceptionally fine in quality and character, at sale prices that reflect very worthwhile savings. All sizes and models. SALES OF FINE HABERDASHERY AND SHOES NOW IN PROGRESS LEWIS & THOS. SALTZ 1409 G STREET N. W. DISTRICT 3822 NOT COKNICTIP WITH SALTS »*OS. INC. oouraged. At least, that Is the way It seem* to those In best position to judge. Another encouraging sign of the week was the appointment by the President of Lewis W. Douglas as assistant lease-lend administrator in London. Mr. Douglas has not been on friendly terms with Mr. Roosevelt since he resigned In his first term as budget director In protest against the economic un soundness of New Deal fiscal policy. Although Mr. Douglas strongly supported the Roosevelt foreign policy from the start, he Is the first man conspicuous In the campaign against the third term whom Mr. Roosevelt has named to any post of Importance since the appointment of his first defense organization. At that time—and frequently since—he appealed very strongly for non partisanship and national unity. Outsiders Being Called. The point Is made, however, that in the selection of key men for the defense machinery many of the ablest citizens in the country who opposed his election have not been called upon. It was said that what amounted to a blacklist existed In the White House and that the ad ministration was determined to manage the war effort without call ing upon any of those whom the President felt personally antagon istic. This meant that some of the most competent, qualified and ex perienced of Americans were to be kept permanently on the outside. The Douglas appointment is an indication that this policy is begin ning to disintegrate. It was origin ated and pressed upon the President by some of the closest of his New Deal aides and has been one of the reasons for a great deal of discon tent and resentment. Hope Is ex pressed that he has become con vinced that the Nation needs the help of every man capable of making a real contribution to the war effort, regardless of his personal taste or politics. There are some obvious men still on the outside with whose help he could replace incompetency with competency. There is no surer way to improve morale and to win the war. (Coprrlcht. 1941.) T. Howard Duckett To Give Lecture T. Howard Duckett, past chair man of the Washington Suburban Sanitary commission, will be the speaker at the next lecture In the "Know Yota- County Government” aeries, to be held st the Bladensburg Fire Hall at I pa. Thursday. Luis Granados, chairman of the County Affairs Committee by which the lectures are sponsored, said In urging the public to attend that the Suburban Sanitary Commission Is the least understood of the bl coimty commissions. This Changing World Japs Foret •Prisoners of United Nations to Lose Face in Orient by Humiliating Work By CONSTANTINE BIOWN. The topuieu ire fighting the United Nations In the Pacific with their whole military power. But that Is not all; they are also endeavoring to expel the entire white race from Asia with typical Oriental methods. According to reliable reports which ire filtering into Waahing ton, American and British offi cers and men captured at Hong Kong, Wake Island, Malaya and those points In China from which American garrisons were not evacuated are being subjected to many humiliations which cannot be described exactly as cruelties but are intended to make the whites lose face with the natives. The treatment of American and British soldiers on the Asiatic mainland contrasts with that accorded prisoners in Ja pan. At Shanghai, Tientsin and other places in China, American and British prisoners, regardless of whether they have commis sioned rank, are forced to pull rickshaws, do road work, and clean streets and barracks under the eyes of the Chinese, who have been accustomed for dec ades to look up to these men In British and American uniforms. Worse Than Death. It must be singularly Impres sive for the Chinese to see American and British officers whom they respected and knew well now pulling rickshaws alongside the poorest eoolies. In those vehicles sit Japanese of ficers and privates. American missionaries, who over a long pe riod of time had gained the highest respect of the Chinese, are compelled now to do menial work always performed by na tive servants. Losing face In the Orient is worse than being killed. And the Japanese high command ob viously Is trying to undermine the prestige of the whites with the hundreds of millions of Ori entals. News of the defeats of the British and Americans at the hands of the Japs is often discounted by the Chinese who live under Japanese domination. Furthermore, the natives do not consider military setbacks as par ticularly shameful; they are Just the fortunes of war, which change from day to day. Losing face is far worse than losing a battle. The Japanese initiated such a policy as this as early as 1939, when they compelled British men and women living In Tient sin to undergo humiliating searches at the hands of Japa nese sentries. Both men and women were undressed each time they moved from the British settlement Into the native city, which the Jape had Just taken over. Americans escaped many auch humiliations at that time. Now the Japanese hope to break the confidence of Orientals in the prestige of the white race by treating white soldiers in the same way as—and sometimes worse than—they and the Chi nese treat coolies. Treated Fairly in Japan. The reports of Swiss diplo matic and consular representa tives that American prisoners are treated fairly are correct as far as the Japanese islands is con cerned. There they are kept in prison camps and enjoy the treatment agreed on by all na tions in the Hague convention. But the Swiss have little oppor tunity to witness what happens to Americans and British outside Japan. According to still unconfirmed reports, some American and Brit ish officers who distinguished themselves against the Japs have met with “accidental death.” The Japanese are not worried about what happens to their own men after they surrender. Ac cording to the Japanese code of honor, a soldier of the Emperor must not allow himself to be taken prisoner; he must die on the battlefield, regardless of con ditions or circumstances. Displeasing to Germans. The majority of Japanese fighters are peasants or lowly city workers who for centuries have been used to all kinds of humiliation from the upper classes. Ordinary treatment of war prisoners by western Nations means luxury for the ordinary Jap soldier. The Germans are reported to be none too happy about the humiliations Imposed on British and American prisoners. They see the writing on the wall. When this war is over, if the Japanese are not utterly defeated, Asia will be no place for either Germans or Italians. German offlcera attached to Japanese forces—and there are a number of such men with every Japanese unit—have attempted to interfere. They do this not because of sympathy for Allied prisoners, but because they realize that the slapping of American and British faces now fore shadows the twilight of white Influence in Asia. The Germans know the Japan ese are mistreating their prison ers became it is the policy of the Tokio government so to do. The influence of the Germans with Tokio, however. Is limited to war plans and synchronization of strategies. I ^v,;' > verlasting SYMBOLS The lasting brilliance of a CERTIFIED PERFECT DIAMOND is the undying symbol of an undying love. On the occasion of your engagement and your wedding your CERTI FIED PERFECT DIAMOND becomes the contract of love, devotion and companion*, ship, never to be forsaken. Open a v Convenient Budget Account McLemore— Hollywood Unshokon By'Victory Suit' Bf HENBT MtUMOU. LOS ANOILE& - This movie capital took the new* of the "vic tory suit" with admirable calm. There waa little or no hyiterla wnen word came In from New York that the tailors of the Nation have de signed a stream lined, wartime, cloth-saving suit which will be minus vest, trou ser miffs, pleats, belt loops, or suspender b u t - tons. Male movie stars, whose wardrobes are so extensive that hound’s-tooth checks have to bark to get worn more than once a year, took the news without a murmur. Even those who are accustomed to dressing like pages 33 to 46, in clusive, of Esquire Magazine, and who make a fashion plate look like a tramp in a dust storm, were not shaken. When news of the “victory auit” reached Hollywood, I was playing golf at the Lakeside Golf Club with Bing Crosby and Johnny Weismul ler. Instead of being depressed over the thought of having to sing a love song in a vestless cult, or climbing a tree in a cufflesa pair of pants, Bing and Johnny were elated. Of course. I didn’t take their re actions as typical of all Hollywood, because Bing and Johnny are not noted as dressers. It is a known fact that Crosby has only four suits, all of which were given to him by his grandfather when he (Bing, not granpa) left home to seek his fame and fortune. He has never added to his wardrobe, although it is gen erally believed that he could easily do so by watching his pennies for a month or two. Weismuller’s Plight Worm. Weismuller isn’t as well off as Bing, sartorially speaking, his grandfather having given him only three suits, and Johnny is rougher on clothes than Bing. It is much easier on the clothes to sing "Pen nies from Heaven” than It Is to throw a monkey on the ground and wrestle with him. As soon as we finished the round, I hot-footed to the clubhouse to study the reactions of other stars to the coming of the "victory suit.” There is no better place in Holly wood to study the stars than at Lakeside. Scores of them belong to the club. I was particularly anxious to see how Adolf Menjou reacted to the possibility of having to wear a "vic tory suit.” Mr. Menjou is not only the best-dressed man in the world but also has a first-10 rating on Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Pluto. The sightseeing buses that pull to a stop along the first fairway at Lakeside, In order to give the tourists an eye full of the cinema celebrities, are equipped with smoked glasses to protect the eyes of the customers when Mr. Menjou strolls along the greensward, Intent upon breaking 100. He looks like a rainbow with a poor backswing, the aurora borealis with a shaky putting stroke. Menjou was not shaken by the an nouncement of the "victory suit.” Standing before his lockers (he doesn't Just have a locker, he has one for caps, of which there are two types, back nine and front nine caps; one for sweaters, one for shirts, one for scarfs, one for belts, etc., etc.), he patriotically said he would be glad to go vestless If it would help lick the Jap6 and Nazis. Noble in Renunciation. "I have hundreds of cuffs and vests to give my country,” he said, "and will even give my shirt if that will help.” Guy Kibbee was delighted to hear of the "victory suit.” The man who plays “Scatergod Baines” says that he figures he has wasted 10,000 man hours buttoning vests and that with the "victory suit” he will have just that much more time being lazy. He did regret the coming of the cuffless trousers, however, saying that the cuff has long been the best ash tray ever invented by man. I didn't get to poll Errol Flynn. I was sorry about this, because I wanted to find out if Errol thought he could possibly be as brave wear ing pants without suspenders as he has been in the past. More on this later. (Distributed by McNauaht Syndicate, Inc.) FQHJDEFENSE BUY UNITED STATES SAVINGS fBONDS AND STAMPS It will cost money to defeat the Axis. Your Government calls on you to help now. Buy Defense bonds or stamps today. Buy them every day, if you can. But buy them on a regular basis. IJpnds cost as little as $18.75, stamps come as low as 10 cents. Defense bonds and stamps can be bought at all banks and post offices, and stamps can also be purchased at retail stores and from your newspaper carrier boy. Support your Government with your dollars.