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With Sunday Mwrning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY.....January 31. 194* The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Main Office: 11th 8t. and Pennsylvania Ave. New York Office: 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Ava. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. Evening and 8unday_76c per mo. or 18c per week The Evening Star_45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star 10c per copy Night Final Edition. Night Final and Sunday Star 85c per month Night Final Star . 60c per month Rural Tube Delivery. The Evening and Sunday Star__ S5« per month The Evening Star_66c per month The Sunday Star 10c per copy Collections made at the end of each month or each week Orders may be sent by mail or tele phone National 5000. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Daily and Sunday_1 yr., SI 2.00: 1 mo., SI 00 Dally only _1 yr., $8.00: 1 mo,. 75c Bunday only_1 yr. $5.00; 1 mo., 60c Entered as second-class matter post office, Washington. D. C. Member of the Associated Pres*. The Associated Pres* Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. Parasite Hunt It is unfortunate that the Presi dent's informal press conference dis sertation on parasites in the District can contribute nothing of value toward a solution of the desperately real problems confronting this war time Capital. In Mr. Roosevelt’s estimation, to paraphrase his press conference re marks, the problem shapes up about a« follows: There are a good many parasites in the District. The Gov ernment may ask them to leave, but if things are made uncomfortable for them, they are likely to leave any how. Who are these parasitical resi dents? According to the President, they include families living here for social purposes, parents whose chil dren are in school in the city and the occupants of twenty-room houses on Massachusetts avenue. Perhaps they are the forlorn descendants of the economic royalists, the robber barons and the princes of privilege who held sway prior to 1933. The President did not particularize. It may also be noted that Mr. Roosevelt gave no estimate of the number of District residents who, in his opinion, deserve to be classed as parasites, and it seems obvious from the nature of his remarks that no effort was made to find out. There would be more substance to the President’s suggestion If there could be a showing that the removal of the “parasites” would make avail able to the Government and to the war effort the things that are needed in Washington. But the few twenty room mansions on Massachusetts avenue occupied by parasites, even if made available by Government seiz ure and exile of the occupants, would not go very far to provide living quarters for the influx of an esti mated 153.000 war workers, or office space for their typewriters and mim eographing machines. And if the President is seeking even these quar ters to help stem the tide, the occu pants would be more apt to respond to an appeal to patriotism than to classify themselves as parasites and, wearing that uncomplimentary tag, get out. Even more disturbing than the President's choice of language, how ever, is the impression which his statement conveys of the state of mind in which the war-inspired problems of the District are being approached. Whatever else may be said of the matter, these problems were not created by the “parasites,” and they cannot be blamed for the dangerous failure to make adequate preparation to meet them. Defense Housing Co-ordinator Palmer told a House committee Thursday that he had directed the attention of Congress to the critical situation developing in the District seven months ago. Yet no effective steps have been taken to deal with the problems, which are rapidly in creasing in number and complexity and are wholly beyond the power of the local community to solve. It would be much better for all con cerned if the President would stop worrying about the parasites on Massachusetts avenue and get be hind some real solution of the legis lative and administrative log jam that is threatening to bring disaster on the Capital. A Wise Decision Few persons will regret the de cision of the House Naval Affairs Committee to abandon its proposed inquiry into the tragedy of Pearl Harbor. It may be doubted that •any committee could do a better fact-finding job than was done by the Roberts Board. The House committee, of course, could go farther afield and investigate sun dry collateral factors which con tributed indirectly to the debacle of December 7, but most of these are skeletons in the closet, the rattling of which seemingly would accom plish no useful purpose now. After all—as the Roberts report Implies in one of its conclusions—the complacency of the commanding officers at Pearl Harbor was not ex clusive with them. The report bluntly pointed out that the sense of se curity which prevailed in Hawaii up to the moment that bombs and aerial torpedoes began to fall was “due to the opinion prevalent in diplomatic, military and naval circles, and in the public press, that any immediate attack by Japan would be in the Far East.” Nor is Congress itself beyond criti cism. Many of its most vocal mem bers shared the complacency with which the situation in the Pacific was viewed by a large section of the American people. If skeletons are to be rattled, Congress could 111 afford to forget Its failure to grant the Navy’s repeated pleas for forti fication of Guam, nor its failure to remove from our counterespionage agents the wire-tapping restrictions which, according to the Roberts re port, precluded effective investiga tion of Japanese spies. As for Admiral Kimmel and Gen eral Short, it is far better that these unhappy officers, if called to ac count, should be required to answer to the proper naval and military au thorities than to congressional com mittees. All in all, it is hard to see what good could come of reopening the Pearl Harbor inquiry through congressional action. The decision of the House committee to drop the matter is a wise one. Hitler's Grim Pep Talk Yesterday marked the ninth anni versary of Adolf Hitler’s assumption of power as Chancellor of the Ger man Reich. So momentous a date in the Nazi calendar required a speech by the Fuehrer. He made it in the huge auditorium of the Sports palast, Berlin’s Madison Square Gar den, before a hand-picked audience of party members and delegates from his Axis allies. A notable feature of the occasion was the presence of wounded soldiers from the front—so numerous that Hitler took verbal note of their presence, referring to them as “my dear wounded com rades.” Those living proofs of Germany’s mounting losses perhaps account in part for the Fuehrer's mood, which was defiantly grim. Gone were the confident promises of speedy and final triumph which marked his pro nouncements in the war’s earlier stages. This time, he told his hear ers frankly: “I do not know whether the war will end this year.” Neither did he paint glowing pictures of post-war victory fruits, as he has done on previous occasions. Instead, he impliedly suggested new trials to come, for which, he asserted, “we are armed against everything from the north to the south.” England was castigated at length as the jealous and envious war monger, framer of world-wide coali tions against a persecuted Germany, with Churchill as its mouthpiece, yet he was discreetly silent about Brit ain’s possible downfall by in vasion, or otherwise. The nearest approach to it was his statement that “America’s war with Japan made us free to act,” and “now we shall see what our U-boats may achieve.” But, from the context, this threat may have been addressed as much to the United States as to Great Britain, possibly indicating in tensified submarine activity off our Atlantic coasts. This being Hitler’s first public ad dress since his declaration of war against us, it is not surprising that America came in for its due share of his wrath, with a special rap at Presi dent Roosevelt, who was bracketed with Churchill as an arch warmon ger since the previous World War, when Mr. Roosevelt was depicted as the right hand of President Wilson— “the man who caused the greatest harm to the German people.” Hitler made the most of Japanese progress in the Far East and of the current success in Libya gained by General Rommel, who has Just been made a field marshal. An alibi for events in Russia was found in the weather, which was described as the chief opponent on the Eastern front. Hitler promised that things would change when, with spring, “the ice will melt and the hour will come when the ground will be hard and firm again—and when our armies will storm ahead again.” This pre diction of a major spring offensive in Russia was especially emphatic. Those are the high lights of a speech running almost two hours and delivered with Hitler’s accustomed raucous oratory. The bulk of the address was a rehashing of familiar themes—a persecuted German peo ple assailed by implacable enemies, defending themselves gloriously in a struggle which had become world wide and from which Germany and its Axis partners eventually would emerge triumphant—date unspeci fied. Of course* his regimented listeners applauded loudly at the right cues, but as they left the auditorium and emerged into the midwinter cold of wartime Berlin, they took with them little of concrete comfort from their Fuehrer’s lengthy pep talk. To use a German phrase, it was mostly “fu ture music.” Strait of Malacca One of the principal objectives of the Japanese campaign in Malaya is that of gaining the narrow strait between the west coast of the pen insula and the northeast coast of Sumatra. Through the Malacca channel in ordinary times the traffic to and from England, Africa and India moves. If now the chance of war is to close this most convenient waterway, recourse must be had to Sundra, a much less desirable route between Sumatra and Java. The strait has witnessed a num ber of changes of control in the past four-and-a-half centuries. Exactly when the town of Malacca was founded is unknown. A Roman youth, Ludovigo Barthema, is be lieved to have been the first Euro pean to visit the neighborhood. The time of his appearance was prior to 1503. Diogo Lopez de Siquerira ar rived from Portugal in 1508 and, according to legend, he was hospit ably received by the natives. But trouble soon developed with the local Sultan—a difficulty which was cor rected when Alfonso d’Albuquerque captured the settlement in 1511. Malacca thereafter remained a Portuguese outpost for 130 years, and the strait were administered by the viceroys appointed by Lisbon. Saint Francis Xavier established the earli est Christian mission to the Malays in the town. The commercial ex ploitation of the whole of South eastern Asia was a Portuguese monopoly, so profitable as to invite the active interference of other countries. The Dutch occupied both the strait and the town in 1641, and their domination continued until 1795, when the British took charge. Navigation, however, was com monly unhampered during the period beginning with the last mentioned date. The commerce carriers of all the world passed between the two shores under the protection of the Union Jack. Penang, George Town, Port Weld, Port Swettenham and Port Dickson gradually became pros perous shipping centers on the Malay side, Belawan-Deli on the Sumatran. American hunters of tigers and black leopards and botanists in search of tropical plants to be acquired no where else are familiar with the peninsula coast. If the strait is taken by Japan, It necessarily must be retrieved as promptly as possible. The civilized communities of the earth could not tolerate Nipponese possession of an artery of travel so Important to the general welfare of humanity. Unified Command Learning a costly lesson from Pearl Harbor, America has acted promptly and forthrightly to substitute uni fied command for divided authority at Hawaii and in other vital defense areas. Secretary of War Stimson, In announcing that Admiral Chester W. Nimltz, commander of the Pacific Fleet, has been placed in supreme command of land, air and sea forces defending Hawaii, told reporters that efforts to attain unified control of Army and Navy forces engaged in Joint defense assignments have been In progress since the Crete disaster,, in which lack of co-ordination among Britain’s land, air and naval ' units played an important part. Why these efforts had not made greater progress was not explained. The Roberts report elearly indi cated that a single responsible com mand at Pearl Harbor might have averted or lessened that tragedy. Instead, divided authority and re sponsibility led to oversights, mis understandings and unwarranted assumptions that made the base a shockingly easy target for the Japa nese surprise attack. In Its con clusions, therefore, the Roberts Board led off with the declaration that success in war depends on effective utilization of military power and that, this, in turn, requires “co-ordination of the operations of the Army and Navy.” Although it may seem like locking the stable door after the horse has been stolen, the belated decision to co-ordinate Army and Navy activi ties under single commanders In strategic insular and coastal areas is reassuring to those who have been wondering how soon and how well the Nation would profit from the mistakes at Pearl Harbor. Service rivalries and petty jealousies have no place in wartime strategy and tactics, and the War and Navy Departments have recognized this faat In agreeing upon unified commands not only In Hawaii but in the Panama Canal Zone, where an Army air officer Is supreme, and In the Caribbean, where the Atlantic Fleet commander is in charge. Chairman Vinson of the House Naval Affairs Committee suggests that this policy of co-ordi nation should be extended to the country’s continental defenses, as well. The proposal merits careful study by the President and his war advisers. A Call for Accuracy "Wanted: One thousand rubber mats to be used under cuspidors.” Such was the call that went out from the Army the other day, but alas, in vain. To placate mere ci vilians in need of tires, the request was turned down. Henceforth the Army’s cuspidors must stand on their own merit, unadorned, and with everything except a bull's-eye consti tuting a clean miss. This may be all to the good; it puts a premium on accuracy, a quality apt to be forgotten in these days of mechanized warfare when emphasis is placed on sheer weight of tanks and planes. Old-time Army officers and scouts, like Custer and Buffalo Bill, would have deplored the effete practice of putting- rubber | mats under cuspidors, rightly feeling that any one who could not hit the mathematical center of the sandbox of their day at ten paces needed to brush up on his markmanshlp, and was not fit for military service until he had so qualified. Would any one expect the United States Golf Association to sanction the use of sunken barrels on putting greens Instead of standard four-inch cups? A certain amount of hazard is necessary for mankind to keep it on its toes. "Spend Some Time Looking in the Mirror and Then Decide What You Will Do,” runs a recent woman’s page headline. Many of us would make up our minds after just a quick glance. "I am so old,” replied a father to his inquiring youngsters, “that I can remember ’way back before the Harry Bridges deportation proceed ings and can distinctly ^ recall Sacco and Vanzetti.” Ski races scheduled in the Reich have been cancelled. Nazi authori ties are now trying to figure out some way to cancel the race out of Russia. Of Stars, Men And Atoms Notebook of Science Progress In Laboratory, Field And Study By Thomas R. Henry. Prospects of rubber from corncobs and silk from wheat have just been an nounced by chemists of the United States Department of Agriculture. They, also have made progress in developing a generator with which it will be possible to provide heat and light for American farms with "corn cob gas.” There is special interest in the rubber possibilities at present. Corncobs, cot tonseed hulls, wheat straw and other materials which now largely go to waste yield a chemical known as fur fural. About 6,000,000 pounds a year are produced, mostly for making plas tics, but the potential production is enormous. The greater part of the synthetic rubber now made in the world—and the rubber upon which Germany has rolled to victory over Western Europe— is produced from butadiene, a liquid hydrocarbon which can be extracted from coke or from petroleum. It is an extremely volatile liquid which boils and disappears as vapor at about the freez ing point ot water under atmospheric pressure. When its molecules are hooked together by chemical processes, however, they form a solid which only a chemists can distinguish from the latex obtained by tapping the rubber tree. Furfural has a somewhat similar chemical structure and has attracted chemists for some years. The experiments to date, Dr. Henry O. Knight, chief of the Bureau of Agri cultural Chemistry and Engineering, re ports, '‘are very encouraging and point to the definite possibility of obtaining a .relatively low-cost intermediate which may be used In the production of syn thetic rubber in a manner analogous to the current use of butadiene.” One of the difficulties of making butadiene rubber in the present emer gency has been that It would demand the diversion of products needed for other war industries. This would be the case to a much less extent with furfural. • ' The corncob gas mentioned in the chemist’s report has been recognized for some time as a possibility. The difficulty has been some means of ac tually putting It to work without too clumsy equipment. From wheat the Department of Agri culture chemists have extracted a pro tein substance known as gliadlne which, they found, has unusual coherence and extreme extensibility. It Is highly likely, they say, that it can be made into fine fibers which will have most of the qualities of natural silk. They also are exploring the possi bilities of eotton as a war material. Experiments have shown that bales 20 Inches thick and with a density of 30 pounds or mors per cubic foot cannot be penetrated by bullets from a .30-caliber Bnfleld army rifle. The ex periments are being continued in co operation with the War Department to determine their resistance to projeotilee of lasper size and to bomb fragments. * A A * Shoe frizes may be due for a complete new deal based on actual measurements of tens of thousands of feet. Experts of the Department of Agri culture’s Bureau of Home Economics now are experimenting with new meth ods of measuring feet which take into account the curves as well as the dimen sions. Special instruments have been brought from England, where the sys tem was devised but not applied on a large scale. From the project, the Department of Agriculture workers believe, will come fewer sizes which will fit more persons more comfortably, perhaps eliminate a lot of foot trouble and result in big savings by eliminating need for al terations. Present shoe sizes, It Is pointed out in a report on the project, are largely with out rhyme or reason. There are about 130 standard sizes for women and 100 for men. U. S. Army shoes are pro duced in 90 sizes. Into these standards all sorts of variations must be intro duced to suit individuals. Shoes are made in half sizes progress ing upwards by intervals of a sixth of an inch in length and a quarter inch in girth. All possible combinations of these measurements are sold. Now, it is pointed out by Carol W. Moffett in her report on the project, feet do not grow or vary in that fash ion. The third of an Inch between sizes is an arbitrary standard without any logical anatomical or physiological basis. ‘‘Studies of anatomy,” she says, ‘‘in dicate that the body does not grow In regular progressions, nor does it differ In various portions by evenly disposed Intervals. Measurement of each segment of the foot would disclose exactly how and where feet differ in dimensions and conformations. New size standards probably would call for unequal disper sion of size Intervals, such as a study of children’s body measurements has in dicated.’' Before the Civil War, Miss Moffett explains, there was no need for sizes. Shoemakers measured the feet of their customers and made the shoes to fit the Individual. The war caused an un precedented demand for shoes for sol diers and mass production was Intro duced in the North. Each manufac turer had his own sizes. They were considered trade secrets. Not until 1886, when shoe dealers organized a national trade association, was a set of stand ard sizes adopted and manufacturers urged to follow it, with the dimensions plainly marked on the shoes themselves. “Because their feet may measure the same on the size stick time after time,” Miss Moffett says, “customers think of fit in terms of standardized sizes. Few are aware that shoes In different styles and lasts, though marked with the same size, may differ greatly In the way they feel on the feet. Many insist that a certain size fits them best without real izing the influence of styling on pres ent sizing practices. “When medical men cannot give foot sufferers permanent relief by discov ering and treating the causes of their disorders, consumers often take their troubles to shoe salesmen who under take to tell them what they need. They have grown up In an era when shoes have been given most of the blame for 'fallen arches.’ This confusion of fit with therapy has tended to make con THIS AND THATj By Charles E. TraceweU. | “COLUMBIA ROAD. "Dear Sir: "Two or three weeks ago you stated In your column that the cardinal would begin his song In February. I remember having written you last year that the cardinal in this neighborhood sang in January. “This year he hasn’t ceased, but has sung continuously right through the fall and winter. Not his usual repertoire, however, but only his ‘cheer, cheer, cheer.' We have heard him each morn ing just at daybreak and at Irregular times throughout the day. "And speaking of mice I Our mice sprung trap* that were properly, pet and got away with the cheese. "Did you ever take a garment out of the closet, put your hand in a pocket, and grab a mouse? “Did you ever open the oven door and see a mouse? Did you ever lie down on the couch and have one scamper out from the pillow? Well, I did! “I have long wanted to tell you of an amusing Incident about a baby wren. I think it was a wren. ; “This happened In another section of the city. One summer evening, Just be fore dusk, I was on the porch. It was the time of evening when suddenly every thing is quiet. “The birds had ceased their singing, there wasn’t even a twitter. Then, sud denly, I heard the most heart-rending wall. I could see nothing, but the sound , came nearer and nearer, then, I saw what It was. "A tiny dark-brown mite came hop ping across the lawn toward me. He was all puffed up, just a fuzzy ball, no tail, and with the biggest mouth imagi nable when he let out these unearthly screeches. “He came directly to the house, and believe it or not, ran right up the brick wall, screeching as he went. He reached the window ledge, ran right on up the screen to the top of the first sash (at that point I reached out and touched him), then across that to the nex£ win dow and over that sash to the- brick again. t “There was a small cypress treq near 1 the house and a branch of It was touch ing the wall. He hopped to the branch, still crying, found himself a comfortable spot near the trunk of the tree, closed his eyes, gave one weak little wall, and he was at peace with the world. "I wondered if the mother wren had deserted him or if he were unable to fly to a branch with the rest of his fam ily. It was a most unusual sight to 6ee a tiny bird run up a brick well as though he were a mouse. “Very truly yours, D. M. D.” * * * * This correspondent must be living In the apartment In this neighborhood in which we once lived. Every time you opened the kitchen door, at least six mice would start scurry ing around over the shelves. Often in the deep of the night there would come a thumjj, as a mouse knocked over a package of qereal. There were mice /rverywhere. They would come leaping out of the kitchen and dive ^through the dining room, one after faie other, until the observer was rem bided of the chariot race in "Ben Hur^f The favorite retaeat seemed to be in the stuffing ot th»e large couch in the living room. i Since this was airented apartment, in vestigation never jwent farther than the underside of the siofa. No one ever slept on it, and no wonder. The stuffing of# the sofa remained a mystery, no doubtito the huge satisfac tion of the rodenv^anpulation. * * * * In our childhood days (in another neighborhood not. to far from Columbia road) mice literally ran over our bare feet. It was no unupial thing, if a bureau drawer were left funopened for as little as two or three gveeks, to find a neat nest with six inhabitants when the drawer finally wajs opened. At night there -|fould be a rattling and banging around, a* the mice ran riot. Traps they sineered at, taking the cheese, but nevergsetting them off. They ran around the moldings of the walls, and on plate rails, if there were any of these, as| there usually were in those days, espicially in the dining rooms, which always seemed to be done in blue paper, j, *■1 * * * We recall one/Jestive day when an old friend of the faanily had been invited to dinner. J None of the jfdunger children had ever met this man, arid they had been warned to be on their* b£st behavior. The future witter of this column was seated where be could see a certain large painting af game. Such paintings were the thing, in those days. Today they would be^extremely odd, except in a museum. All of a sudden, we saw a mouse ap proaching alcaig the plate rail toward the' big painting. The guest vflis seated with his back to the mouse. The closer crept the mouse to the painting, the more interested we be came, and iru a few seconds the eyes of the entire rjhble were riveted on the small anima£ The guest ^finally grew restive, as he realised that) everybody else was seeing something ^ich he could not 6ee. The mouke, too, must have thought something wjas up. He gave a tremendous leap—for a ' mouse—and tumbled down the wall to Ithe floor. With a sl&out of “There he goes!" all the children made a dash after him, throwingjtls*; table into utter confusion, and the ■ giliest into a oomplete dither, only It wasn’t called that in those days. No doub® descendants of that very mouse are ^ ill living in that same house. Letters to the Editor SunaaU Dm of Museum* For Office Space. To th* BCttor sf Tbt Star: In all the hue and cry for additional space for Government workers, It seems to me the height of inconsistency to allow huge buildings be utilised solely for the display of relics. I refer to the Smith sonian Institution buildings. In the first place, the citizens of Wash ington during the emergency will be too busy and too tired from long hours to visit these exhibitions. Moreover, with increased railroad rates and possible priorities on civilian travel, there will be few 6ight-seers coming to Washington. Then why not store the exhibits for the duration, say, in some Midwest city where they would be safe from possible bombing and where there is plenty of space? It certainly would be cheaper to transport these exhibits to some other city and store them than to rent space and transport files and office equipment - of some governmental agency—not to speak of the inconvenience and hardship on the employes affected. A. C. PERRY. I Comments on 'Beacons’ Allegedly ‘Superfluous/ To the Editor of The Star: At the west end of G street in front of the Treasury Building stands a street lamp with the top of its globe blackened and its dark gtost adorned with white placards advertising War Savings, Red Cross or other campaigns, making a candlelike beacon with the aid of the un blackened portion of the globe. I wonder -how many more of these air raiders’ guides are scattered throughout the city. As air raiders will illuminate our white public “bull's-eyes” from the War and Navy Buildings in Arlington to the Capitol by dropping flares, these lesser beacons would seem as superfluous as lighted windows, a happy fifth-column idea, but no aid to a perfect blackout. W. E. ALLEN. Denies ‘Quitting’ Position As Defense Co-Ordinator. To thf Editor of The Star: In a news story in The Sunday Star January 25 to the effect that the civilian defense organization in Virginia was awaiting Gov. Darden’s new setup an unfortunate choice of words was used. In the headlines it was stated that “Mann Quits Post in Arlington.” Most emphatically I wish to say that I did not “quit” my post. What I did do was to state that I was holding my title of co-ordinator under the authority of sumers dependent on other laymen to decide what is good for their feet. Baffled, and expecting too much, they wander from store to store seeking re lief." The new system of size standardiza tion, with individual parts of the foot rather than the whole loot fitted, might do away with these difficulties, she be lieves. It is estimated, she says, that about 70 per cent of the population has , some sort of foot trouble. Distorted toes, bunions, corns, ingrowing and 1 thickened nails, and shortened calf i muscles often are due to shoes that are too tight, too short, or with too high heels. With presen^methods both dealer and customer can #do little to secure good fits. The standard sizes simply are not made that^way. * * m. Lett&s to the Editor must bear title name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym, for publication is permismbli. The Star reserves the rigit to*edit all letters with a view-jto condensation._ the previous administration and that, in view of th« contemplated reorganization of the tieferise administration in Virginia, I felt that I aould no longer consider myself co-ordirditor. I believe that this is the custom a gy and courteous action. I then place# my services at the dis posal of the County Board, which decided that the defence personnel should con tinue to act in the interim pending re organizatiai agtion by the new Governor and State Legislature. J HARRISON MANN. Pays Tribute tn Irish In Reply to ar Critic. T« the Uditor of fl 1* Star: Referring m Bolling Somerville’s com munication o( January 22, please permit me to say tha£ any people able to endure a period of liirbaric repression, famine and murder from the days of Henry n down to the exit of the Black and Tans, necessarily must be one of extraordinary courage and Virility, not a problem child —and only r(#Wards Indulge in self-pity. If Eire elens not to catapult herself into WitchesfCauldron No. 2, that is her business. Sometimes experentia docet. . CHARLES H. BURKE. Calls for Identification Of “Other* Ttesponsible.” To the Editor od^rhe St«r: Yes, there Jiare others responsible for the tragedy it Pearl Harbor. The press has a duty filly to* expose them by pub lishing thedf names and photographs. Let no technicalities interfere. I point tt^|| finger at those members of the Senat^fkand House who supported legislations which obliged our counter esplonage|a^ents in Hawaii “to stand by helplessly! while known spies were using the wires fand radio " to plot our destruc tion." }; Let the igfame be apportioned Justly and Individually. Don’t let congres sional squatfcks distract attention from the squawkaV culpability. Let us have the namesake d photographs. RANT-SMITH. Ask Poin About League “Failure." To the Editor offThe Star: "Geneva (JLserver” says in your Issue of January At: "The League (of Nations) did not fail because America was not a member." What is hts answer, and that of others who think tikis, to the question: "Would the League (have failed If America had been a meraber?” WASHINGTON OBSERVER. Praises ArtiJUs By Special Writers. To the Editor ojjThe Star: The articles In The Sunday Start Jan uary 25 by Vlare Boothe and Brig. Gen. H. J. Redlw, “Why Tokio Is Not in Ruins in Retaliation for Pearl Harbor," and by Felix Morley, “Japan Victories White Prestige in Far L. H. SMALLWOOD. Haskin's Answers To Questions • By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Whqg is better for a car battery, a quick charge or a slow charge?—F. W. K. A. The National Bureau of Standards says that a slow charge is better for a car battery. Q. How much did it cost to kill a man In Caesar's time, in the Civil War and In the First World War?—D. S. C. A. Capt. Lowell M. Llmpus in “Twen tieth Century Warfare" says, that in Caesar’s time It cost only 75 cents to kill a man. In the American Civil War the cost had gone up to about $5,000 and in the first World War to $21,000. The cost, now, is probably in the neighbor hood of $50,000. Q. What is ths average amount of candy consumed by each person In the United States In a year?—A. A. L. A. Candy consumption in the United States was 16.9 pounds per capita for the year 1940. Parties and Games — Are you planning any parties for February? Valentine’s Day, Lincoln’s Birth day. Washington's Birthday—each calls for a distinctive type of enter tainment. Novel ideas and sug gestions for parties on these dates as well as parties for every season of the year are included in our 44-page booklet. A special chapter is devoted to children’s parties and games. You will find it a handy guide to modem entertaining. To secure your copy Inclose 10 cents in coin wrapped in this clipping and mail to The Star Information Bureau. Name Address Q. Who was the famous musician whose funeral was interrupted by an air raid?—S. E. G. A. Claude Debussy, who died In Paris on March 26, 1918. Q How far north In the United States are crocodiles found?—M. F. C. A. They are found no farther north than Southern Florida. Q. What is the derivation of the Ameri can expression: “So long”?—W. R. A. "So long” as a phrase of farewell is thought to be allied to “so lange,” a German phrase, but more probably the term is a corruption of "salaam.” Q How much money is spent in a year in paid admission to moving pic ture theaters?—C. H. A. Box office receipts of motion pic ture theaters in the United States amounted to approximately $1,000,000,000 in 1940. The average weekly attendance is 80.000,000. Q. Where in the Bible do the words, “I give tithes of all I possess” appear?— J. A. K. A. The words, "I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess” occur in Luke, 18:xii. Q Please name some prominent peo ple who have been afflicted with epilepsy. —T. J, 8. A. The following people allegedly have been afflicted with epilepsy: Lord Byron, Mozart, Paganini. Charles V. Moham med, Handel, Mendelssohn, Peter the Great, Balzac. Q. Where is the highest light house on the Atlantic coast?—S. R. F. A. The highest light on the Atlantic coast of continental United States is at Marcus Hook. Del., 278 feet above the level of the sea. Q. In what year did February last have five Sundays? When will it occur again?—H. H. A. In 1920 February had five Sundays. This was a leap year and February 1 and February 29 fell on Sunday. Feb ruary will have five Sundays again in 1948. Q. Is there a law against parking cars and trucks In front of a rural mall box? —M. T. A. The Post Office Department says that while there Is no law against park ing cars and trucks In front of a rural mail box, there is a regulation that the approach to the rural mail box be clear so that the mall truck may drive up to the box. It is up to the owner to see that the approach is kept clear. Distance He has the air of one who travels far, Although he seldom goes beyond the town A mile away. But distance cannot be Measured in terms or mileage. One who roves The width of earth may be no better fed In mind and spirit, than the one who goes To town and back and stops along the path To watch a squirrel, or pass the time of day With neighbors. His perception gives a breadth To all he sees and hears. He is well read On matters of the moment, and he saves The crumbs of knowledge which are brushed aside By others in their boundless wander ings. A vista fs no wider than the sphere Of vision, and no longer than the span Of human understanding. He be holds The world tn its entirety; his view Is none the less obscured because his course Is limited. A dusty country road Can be adventure if a man looks well To his surroundings, and perceives the small Details of nature. Distance is the space He journeys in his heart from day to day, Along a travel-worn, familiar way. BILLY B. COOPER.