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Guedalla Writes Pleasing
Biography of Churchill Author’s Ironical Style Proves Ideally Suited to Fictionlike Career of His Subject By Mary^Carter Roberts. Mr. Churchill By Philip Guedalla. Reynal <6 Hitchcock, New York. The great trouble with Winston Churchill’s history would seem to be that It is too perfectly adapted to telling. It is too much like Action— too much like the tale of the ugly duckling which became a miraculous swan or the adventures of the third prince in the fairy story who was rejected by his people onlv to return a hero and savior. If Mr. Churchill’s appearance in England's darkest hour tvas, in the ordinary run of things, too good to be true, so is much of his career. For that any man should have been right so regularly after being so regularly adjudged wrong is straining the rules of chance both ways. He should have been mistaken some of the time, or the English people should have believed him. A biographer undertaking to write of such a career might well feel that truth had cheated him of his legitimate effects, making anything except plain narration out of the question, and that incredible. Mr. Guedalla, however, turning his l and to the problem, has brought it off well, with no change, either, in his ordinary technique. He is accustomed to dealing with heroes ironically, but without damaging their luster, and this method shows itself to be the best for approaching Mr. Churchill. For Churchill without irony would be Churchill inadequately appreciated. It needs an ironical mind, indeed, to take a proper delight in his astound ing history. Background Adds Tremendously to Effect. So, far from looking up at his subject with reverence, Mr, Guedalla takes his own stand on literature’s Olympian heights and looks down with admiring amusement. And it proves to be the proper attitude. For the bounce, the alertness, the irrepressibility and the intentness of Winston Churchill have a terrior-like quality about them. They are not mastiflian. To attempt to make tnem solemn at this late hour would be to undervalue them absurdly. The fact that such qualities were, for many years, set against a background of studied dullness and deliberate impassivity adds tremendously, of course, to Mr. Guedalla’s effect. But, though Mr. Guedalla has written a book that is keenly appre ciative of its subject and vastly entertaining for its manner, he has not produced a detailed biography. It is, at most, a long impressionistic portrait of a man and his contemporaries. To be sure, it follows Mr. Churchill's career chronologically and offers the customary picture of family background. But it slides over many details and sometimes ad vances hints which it does not develop. One can truthfully say that it bears some signs of having been composed in haste, a condition not to be found in Mr. Guedalla's exquisitely polished past works. Military Was at Fault in Dardanelles Failure. On two points of Mr. Churchill’s history which are stiU subject to some misunderstanding, it spends considerable argument. One of these is the debacle of the attack on the Dardanelles during the first world War. and the other is Mr. Churchill’s attitude toward Russia. The Dardanelles affair was Mr. Churchill's idea, says Mr. Guedalla, but its failure has been put at his door unjustly. If the military arm had carried out its part of the plan on schedule, the attack might well have succeeded. There was delav in sending troops, however, until the straits had been fortified, and the essence of Mr. Churchill’s program had been a strong push against a garrison taken virtually unawares. In the popular mind, the blame for the disaster is still attached to him, says Mr. Guedalla and the immediate consequence was his political downfall and virtual ex clusion from English public life for 10 years. As for the ChurchUlian position on Russia, that, says Mr. Guedalla, has undergone revision as the Russian situation has changed At the time of the 1917 revolution, when the Bolsheviks were frankly proclaiming their Intention of overthrowing all governments in the interest of world Com munism Mr Churchill opposed Bolshevism heartily. Later, in his speeches, he commended Russia’s efforts to establish a people’s state within her own borders, and following the rise of Hitler, he urged England to cultivate Russian friendship. The sharpness of his words on the subject of the world revolution has been remembered, however, at the expense of his subsequent change of mind. Flashing Exchange Between Churchill and Lloyd ueorge. The charm of Mr. Guedalla’s work lies, however, in the intimacy cf its picture of British statesmen at work quite as much as in what it tells of Mr Churchill's varied activities. It speaks of Mr. Asquith surveying "his colleagues from the altitude of an indulgent headmaster” and doubting that "Winston * • • will ever get to the top in English politics,” because Winston had failed at school in compulsory Greek. It described Mr. Baldwin fretting because Winston would interrupt cabinet meetings by presenting memoranda which were "extremely clever” and hence upsetting to Mr Baldwin’s gentle Intellect. It reports Lord Balfour commenting on Mr. Churchills work on the World War as "Winston’s brilliant autobiog raphy disguised as a history of the universe.” It quotes flashing exchanges between Mr. Churchill and the one man in the whole political picture whom he could recognize as his equal—Lloyd George. And if, in the main, it treats England’s very great man with indulgent amusement, it makes handsome amends in the end, for it compares the present Prime Minister with Clemenceau, for his will to victory, and with Foch, for his military knowledge, and finally with Chatham, for his mag nificent statesmanship. England’s luck, it says, in effect, has always brought her a man when a man was needed. And as long as Winston Churchill is on the scene, England’s luck is holding. Dragon Seed By Pearl S. Buck. John Day Co., New York. In this new novel about the Sino-Japanese war, Mrs. Buck returns to her "Good Earth” vein, which Is, without doubt her best one. She has written another story about a peasant family, and has used her power to present the poor Chinese farmer movingly to show us how such humble people have kept themselves alive unde* the domination of Japan. She has resumed, too, her earlier biblical style, and it suits her subject very well. On the whole this novel can be rated as superior to her other piece of war fiction. “The Patriot.” It takes up the family of one Ling Tan, an illiterate peasant who owns a piece of land, an ox, some pigs and fowls, a fish pond, a wife, three sons, two daughters and two grandchildren and is utterly content with his possessions. Peace and plenty reign in his home, where no fundamental custom has been changed in centuries, despite the fact that, in modern times, certain noisy youths, caUed "students," have been coming pe riodically to warn him and his neighbors that the country is in danger. Ling Tan does not see how there can be danger as long as the land bears and his sons are strong and healthy. Then the Japanese invasion breaks over the smiling countryside. Ling Tan sees such horrors as he had thought beyond the capacity of men. and finds himself living under the command of the Japanese officials—that what he plants they shall own, that he shall eat no meat but give all to them, and that even the fish in his pond no longer belong to him. but to the conquerors. So Ling Tan and his sons—and also his wife and daughters and daughters-in-law—become active guerrillas The story goes no further than that. It has three stages—the pre invasion peace, the invasion and the post-invasion awakening. There is some excellent dramatic writing in Mrs. Buck’s handling of the contrast among these different periods. Her building up of the suspense before the Invasion is particularly good. At the same time, it cannot escape a reader s notice that she has used some stock episodes in carrying forward her tale, and that, as she approaches an end. she forces her material rather violently so that every one may get married before the cuitain falls. Her characters, too, are familiar figures out of her own company of Chinese types—the wise, rough- j tongued but tender-hearted old mother; the willful young girl, the village gossip, and so on. One has met most of them in her fiction before. With all this, however, her story moves and is convincing. It is a definite addi tion to the fiction which has been produced in the war so far. The Great Pacific War By Hector C. Bywater. With an introduction by Hanson W. Baldwin. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. This is a reprinting of the work produced by its author in 1925 which tells of the course which Japan is now following toward the United States. Seventeen years ago. apparently, Mr. Bywater, naval correspondent of the London Telegraph, was able to foresee that war between ourselves and the island empire was inevitable if we did not do something to mend relations. In fact, he put the date of the first hostilities as occurring in 1931. In order to bring his fears home to the public, he wrote this book, in which he tried to imagine what course the war would follow and what the outcome would be. It is entirely fictional, naturally. But it is interesting to note from it how close Mr. Bywater was to the facts. He predicted that we would lose the Philippines, that Guam would be taken, that our shipping would be attacked by submarines, that air attacks would be made on the cities of the West Coast, as well as artillery bombardments from the sea. and that we would find Japan better pre pared to start than we would be, with the consequence that the war would be a long one. He said there was no doubt about our eventual victory, because we could outlast Japan in any contest of endurance, but our initial losses would be large, and we would be attacked without any warn ing. These prophesies all lie near the facts, or our expectations of the tacts. . On the off-side are Mr. Bywater’s guesses as to where the war would start. He thought the spot selected for attack would be the Philip pines. Then, he thought, the Japanese would make an attempt on the Panama Canal, and he gives a vivid description of the blocking of Culebra by a suicide crew which would blow up Its own vessel and so precipitate a landslide. He has our fleet attempt to reach the Pacific by way of Cape Horn and be attacked in the Straits of Magellan. He has the Hawaiian Islands revolt through Japanese instigation. And so on. The volume, on the whole, is good enough for a reading. If it is not 100 per cent lucky in its guesses, it is still near enough to make the average reader view it with interest. Time Was By Heinrich Hauser. Raynal & Hitchcock, New York. This is one more story of a German's flight from Germany. It differ: from the usual run of such narratives in that the author was not forcec to flee or made to suffer under Hitler’s government. A member of the Junker class, reared in spacious comfort with expectations of a career In the German Navy, he found himself at the end of the war penniless and without prospects. He went through the now familiar routine of post war German experiences—witnessed the hunger riots, worked as a com mon seaman, suffered under inflated currency which made his wages for a long voyage worth no more than 75 cents, took a job In a steel mill to the Ruhr, and finally managed to get a precarious foothold as a PHILIP GU ED ALLA, "Mr. Churchill ARCHER W. SHAW, *The Plain Dealer. Best Sellers (Compiled from information obtained in Washintgon by The Star and in New York, Boston, Chicago and San Francisco by the North American Newspaper Alliance.) FICTION. The Keys of the Kingdom* by A. J. Cronin (Little. Brown). Dragon's Teeth, by Upton Sinclair (Viking). Wild Is the River, by Louis Bromfleld (Harper). Windswept, by Mary Ellen Chase (Macmillan). Saratoga Trunk, by Edna Ferber (Doubleday, Doran). NON-FICTION. Secret History of the Amer ican Revolution, by Carl Van Doren (Viking). Washington Waltz, by Helen Lombard (Knopf). Mission to Moscow, by Joseph E. Davies (Simon & Schuster). Inside Latin America, by John Gunther < Harper i. Reveille in Washington, by Margaret Leech (Harper). writer. Under Hitler, one of his books was suppressed, and he turned then to “industrial propa ganda.” By 1939, he was so sure that war was on the way that he voluntarily left the country. He differs from most writers on post-war Germany in denying any particular sympathy for the efforts of Republican leaders to achieve democracy. He records that, after the war, when he was serving as a volunteer to help put down the! Communist riots, he acquired both fear and hatred of the mob. He apparently feels that the orderli ness of the Junker system was the best way of life for Germany. At any rate, he was not able, after that system vanished, to find any other to which he could turn with confidence. His book is, in short, the record of a rootless mind, im pressionable and emotional, but cut off from the sustenance of any faith. Welcome to the City By Irwin Shaw. Random House, Hew York. There seem to be two kinds of short stories—those which can be collected and those which cannot. The former kind are in the great minority. They are the stories by authors who do not write to a pat tern. The latter kind are those which, when published separately in magazines, seem satisfactorily original, but which, when put side by side in a collection, betray that their author has been working on a literary stencil system. Such an author is Mr. Shaw, 20 of whose stories are collected here. When Mr. Shaw writes a story, he usually makes a simple contrast. He contrasts what a character is doing with what a character is thinking, or what a character dreams of with what a character gets, or what is going on in the world of international affairs with what is going on in the world of private affairs. And so on. Each piece is a nice one, but 20 of them is 19 too many. The Fair Woman By Hilda Vaughan. Duell, Sloan & Pearce, Hew York. Strictly a love story, this novel is written in the form of a fable. It takes place in the by now fa miliar legendary hills of old Wales. The marriage of Owain, a pastoral bard, and Glythin, an Immortal of the "Fair Tribe” sprung from the waters of a lake, is related in four long chapters, “Spring,” “Sum mer,” “Autumn” and "Winter.” The gradual diminishing of Owain's orig inal passion and his eventual be trayal of his beautiful wife have an only too obvious parallel in the tragedy of numerous modern lives. The value of this story is lessened considerably by Miss Vaughan's conception of what is meant by lyricism. In company with many other novelists and poets, especially, it seems, of her own sex, she ap parently considers lyrical writing to be little more than very line adorn ment. Despite her magnificently worded passages she fails to strike a true note. T. H. Bitter Honey By Martin Joseph Freeman. The Macmillan Co., New York. This is a novel about an 11-year old boy in a small Ohio town 30 years ago. Some of the scenes are fresh and pleasing, but the charac terization is casual. When he is writing about David’s “conversion” during a revival, about his initiation as an onion weeder and his newspaper route Mr. Free man's quiet, sly descriptions are out of every man’s boyhood. When he introduces the complications of an older sister’s romance he is guilty of conventionality, and when he ends the book on a note of ex cessive sentimentality and melo drama he spoils what might have been a pleasant litle study of a simple childhood. E. T. Books on Religious Topics Are Available at Library By Margaret E. Miller, Rcaderi* Adviser, Public Library. In the folklore of American de mocracy religion has been credited with playing an important role in the founding of the Colonies and in the development of American life. Books that teU of that role, and of religion’s contribution to the formulation and development of American democratic ideas, will be the subject of an informal discus sion to be held at 7:45 p.ro. Thurs day at the Public Library, Eighth and K streets N.W. Ernest S. Bates, in “American Faith: It’s Religious, Political and Economic Foundations,” studies first our European heritage in the social and religious issues of the reformation, continuing with its im plications for our democracy, en visaged in religious terms before it assumed a political terminology. After discussing the great awaken ing and the American Revolution and Constitution, he turns to the development of various sects and closes with the issues of the Civil War. It is a picture of America as a melting pot, not only of nationali ties, but also of political, social and religious ideas. “The Kingdom of God and the American Dream,” by Sherwood Eddy, is American history frankly written from a religious point of view. The author is concerned both with the high religious purpose ex pressed in the idea of the Kingdom of God striven for through the establishment of a better social or ders in the New World and with the secular dream in our democracy, seeing both its successes and its fail ures. He brings the story down to our own time with dicussion of modern American literature and of religion in modern American life. In "The Course of American Democratic Thought: An Intellec tual History Since 1815,” Ralph H. Gabriel has included two chapters expressly on religion and democratic faith, one on Protestant Christi anity. the other on Catholicism. Theodore Maynard has written "The Story of American Catholicism.” Beginning with the foundations laid by the coming of Catholic mission aries with the Spanish conquerors, the book develops the theme of the contributions the Catholic Church has made and can make to the American scene. That religious people and religious ideas have1 been significant in founding and maintaining democ racy from Old Testament times un til the present is the thesis devel oped by Arthur E. Holt in "Chris tian Roots of Democracy in Amer ica.” The first chapters are his torical: in the later chapters the author challenges the church with Its present responsibilities in our democracy. Treating business, politics, science, art. education and literature as a part of the very substance of the history of religion, Winfred E. Gar rison has reviewed the story of re ligion in America since 1865 in "The March of Faith.” In more detail and, again, giving 'the European background, William W. Sweet pre sents his "The Story of Religions in America. He reminds us that our Colonies were planted by radi cals in both their religious and po litical views and that that fact has influenced political and religious history in America ever since. These books, and others like them, may be borrowed from the Public Library and its branches. The Federal Budget System in Operation By E. E. Naylor. The budget system has become such a commonplace feature o. Federal Government that It is difficult to realize that it once represented a radical departure from accepted fiscal procedure, and. In fact, was only adopted after ^years of opposition in Congress, where It was viewed as a device through which the executive branch would usurp the prerogatives of the legislative. The budget plan first was proposed by President Taft’s Commission on Economy and Efficiency to replace the arrangement under which several congressional committees handled the appropriations requests for the various agencies. It was not until a decade later, however, in the Harding Administration, when war debts brought demands for economy, that Con gress inaugurated the budget system to get a better over-all picture of Government finances and to help bring expenditures within revenues. It is against this background that Mr. Naylor traces the development of the budget in a study that is important not only for its factual content, but likewise from a technical viewpoint, the writer giving extensive treat ment to the mechanics of preparing a budget. Mr. Naylor has compiled this volume out of years of experience. Now in charge of the Federal accounting division of the Graduate School of Columbus University, he has been on the faculty at National University and Southeastern University, and was formerly assistant budget officer for the District Government. J. A. FOX. From Orient to Occident By Leon Weber-Bauler. Translated by Bernard Miall. Oxford University Press, New York. The memoirs of a physician, this is no run-of-the-mine doctor’s book, for the author was born a Russian, naturalized^ Frenchman, but practiced in Switzerland. He is the offspring of mixed ancestry—Finnish, Tartar, Russian, Swiss’ and French. His mother, an earnest Nihilist, was a political refugee so his childhood was spent in Russia, Switzerland, Italy and France. In Lugano, she became a disciple of Mikhail Bakunin, who founded the first Inter national, and on his death she settled in Ravenna, but once more had to flee from the police. In Paris, she lived for a time as a proletarian, and it was there that young Weber-Bauler studied medicine. He paints a fantastic picture of the old Paris hospitals. Later, he practiced in Geneva, then the refuge of a thoroughly mixed batch of Russian conspirators. The book is bizarre, to say the least, particularly the chapter in which the author’s grandmother—a formidable old soul—dabbles in reminiscence. One of her tales concerns a land-owner who ate the young children of his serfs. The author served as a French surgeon-major during the World War. As a result, he is able to throw some new light on one of the strangest episodes of the war—the story of the Russian brigade which sailed from Vladivostock and landed at Marseilles in 1916 to win the war in the West. What happened to those Russians when they mutinied later in France on learning of the Soviet Revolution has been told often, although never satisfactorily. Dr. Weber-Bauler gives 30 pages to a first-hand account of this ad venture and manages to trace 2.500 of the Russian soldiers back to the Soviet border, but adds that he has no idea what became of them there after. c. M. E. HEINRICH HAUSER, -Tima Wax PEARL.S. BUCK, ",Dragon Seed." Brief Reviews NOVELS. Desperate Angel, by Helen Top ping Miller (Appleton-Century)— Story of four sisters, their love affairs. Trade fiction. Sugar in the Gourd, by Evelyn Hanna (Dutton)—Story of mild girl who loses her sweetheart to a bold siren and then gets him back. Back ground of Georgia peach country. Average. Sheriff Olson, by M. G. Chute (Appleton-Century)—Simple little story about a country sheriff—en tirely unpretentious. Corn In Egypt, by Warwick Deep ing (Knopf)—Story of city man who goes back to the soil. Typical Deeping. Try to Forget Me, by Virginia Nielsen (Doubleday, Doran)—Story of boy and girl affair which con tinued after boy and girl got slightly older. Trade fiction, sentimental. Touchdown, by Adelaide C. Row ell (Duttoni—Story of an athelete who gets infantile paralysis and demonstrates his grit. Sentimental. Patriotism, by Clarence E. Votaw (Dorrance) — Story of Civil War presented through a schoolgirl’s diary. Ingenious. HISTORY. Northern Editorials on Secession, compiled by Howard Cecil Perkins (Appleton-Century) — Almost 500 editorials on every phase of the Civil War. A useful historical ref erence in two volumes. When Egypt Ruled the East, by George Steindorff and Keith C. Seele (Chicago University Press)— A summing up of the knowledge gained from the excavations of the past 20 years. Valuable. Jews in a Gentile World, by Isacque Graeber and Steuart Hen derson Britt, in co-operation with 16 other writers (Macmillan)—A factual survey of the problem of anti-Semitism, showing among other material the extent of Jewish own ership of Industry and business. Valuable. A Treasury of Democracy, edited by Norman Cousins (Coward-Mc Cann)—A collection of statements on freedom, from Homer to the present. HUMOR. Many Happy Returns! by Groucho Marx (Simon & Schuster)—Cracks about the income tax, some funny and some not. How to Do Practically Anything, by Jack Goodman and Alan Green (Simon & Schuster)—Funny stuff about how to get on—burlesque of the usual success text. Accustomed as I Am, by John Mason Brown (Norton)—A funny report on lecturing by one who has lectured. Mr. Limpet, by Theodore Pratt (Knopf)—An extravaganza telling how a mild, flish-faced man turned into a secret naval weapon. Really entertaining. What Bliss Is This, by Ruth Had ley (Marshall Jones) — Book of funny pictures showing the events leading up to a wedding. SPORTS. Fresh Water Fishing, by Myrin E. Shoemaker (Doubleday, Doran)—A manual on fishing technique, illus trated by 18 plates of fish in color. THE NEGRO. An Apprisal of the Negro in Colo nial South Carolina, by Frank J. Klingberg (Associated Publishers)— A historical study. Informative. ETIQUETTE. Manners for Moderns, by Mar jorie Ellis McCrady and Blanche Wheeler (Dutton)—Useful informa tion. PLACES. South America, .With Central America and Mexico, by J. B. Trend (Oxford University Press)—One of the World Today series, small vol umes giving history and forecasts of the future. Excellent. INDIANS. The Pueblos, by Laura Gilpin (Hastings House)—A book of photo graphs of Pueblo Indians and the country in which they live, with a running text. Some pictures very fine. GUIDES. Oklahoma: A Guide to the Sooner State, compiled by Workers of the Writers’ Program of the Works Projects Administration in Okla homa (University of Oklahoma Press)—This last in the series of State guides of the W. P. A. follows the usual form. Photographs and maps. THE ARTS. The Sooth in Architecture, by Lewis Mumford (Harcourt, Brace)— A thoughtful, if short, study of the principles and intellectual Influence of Southern architecture, with spe cial chapters on Thomas Jefferson and Henry Hobson Richardson. This book originated as lectures at the Alabama State College. Mr. Mum ford is the leading commentator In present-day architectural criticism. SUCCESS. Making the Most of Tour Per sonality, by Winifred V. Richmond (Farrar & Rinehart)—The usual di rection* for putting your best foot forward. Average of Us kind. Fairness Marks Story of Cleveland Plain Dealer Veteran Member of Editorial * Staff Shows Appreciation of Newspaper’s Development The Plain Dealer, 1842-1942: One Hundred Years in Cleveland By Archer H. Shaw. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. It would have been hard, indeed, to have seen In the first issue of the Cleveland Plain Dealer on January 7, 1842, the grain of greatness that was to make it outlive all its contemporaries and become the outstanding newspaper in Ohio’s outstanding city. There were already six newspapers in the little Erie city of 6.000 inhabitants. Cleveland had been settled less than 50 years before by rigid New Englanders, and a daily newspaper, the Herald, was the acknowledged leader of the community with a staunchly conservative political policy. Then canv the unpretentious newcomer, & weekly with the name Plain Dealer. Its school teacher-lawyer founder, J. W. Gray, defended the name of the paper: "Had we called it the Torpedo, timid ladies never would have touched it. Had we called it the Truth Teller, no one would believe a word of it. Had we called it the Thunder Dealer or Lightning Spitter, it would have blown Uncle Sam’s ipailbags sky high. But our democracy and modesty suggest the only name that befits the occasion, the Plain Dealer.” Years later, a great connoisseur of words, Winston Churchill, said “I think that, by all odds, the Plain Dealer has the best newspaper name of any in the world.” Founder Wa# Active in Politic*. The Plain Dealer has had a fairly tempestuous past. It belonged to the Democratic party from the first, and that was not easy in Republican Cleveland. It was boycotted by politicians, given hard competition by subsidized rivals and generally reviled by its enemies. Its founder engaged in the rough-and-tumble journalism of the pre Civil War era and was in politics personally as postmaster of Cleveland. The paper's pro-slavery stand and its later violent criticism of Lincoln almost wrecked it. It was forced to suspend publication for seven weeks near the end of the war. Its next proprietor was an even more violently partisan Democrat. It was not until the advent of L. F. Holden, in 1905, that the paper started on the road to its present independence. This reached t, climax (and a surprising one> in the Plain Dealer's advocacy of Wendell L. Willkie for President in 1940. The Plain Dealer hafe espoused many “liberal” causes, but it has never been a professionally Liberal paper. It upheld Mayor Tom Johnson in the famous Cleveland transportation fights of 40 years ago. It sup ported Woodrow Wilson’s "radical” domestic reforms and was one of the few great dailies that went all*the way with him on the League of Na tions. It is not surprising, therefore, that it was one of the first big papers to advocate in 1940 that the United States take an active stand by Britain’s side in fighting Hitler. Paper Has Been Under Three Ownerships. But it is not in politics that one finds the real key to the Plain Dealer's success. It is in its devotion to the welfare of the people it serves. It has fought for better civic government, parks, better prison conditions, minimum wages. It has always resisted fraud and hypocrisy in public life. The Plain Dealer has been under only three ownerships in its 100 years. Gray, the founder, was followed by W. W. Armstrong (who paid too much attention to politics), and he, in turn, was followed by Mr. Holden, whose heirs are still in control. There has been much astute business management, as well as editorial, and sometimes the two were com bined in one person. This was true in the case of Elbert H Baker, who was general manager from 1907 to 1920 and may be called the real founder of the paper as it is known today. It was Mr. Baker who eliminated editorial comment from the news columns, brought the paper up to date mechanically and in many other ways made it completely modern. Mr. Shaw, the author of this history, has been a member of the Plain Dealer staff for 39 years, iis chief editorial writer for most of them. He has written with a fine appreciation of his paDer’s past; he has not tried to conceal the mis judgments of his predecessors, but has explained them with careful fairness. The story of the Plain Dealer Is the story of the making of a valuable public institution, and Mr. Shaw has told it admirably. EDWIN TRIBBLE. Good Old Summer Days By Richmond Barrett. D. Appleton-Century Co., New York. This is hardly the type of book one would recommend for inclusion if a consignment were being prepared for shipment to the boys at Corregidor or Pearl Harbor. But it does have definite merit and historical value, even though it doesn't quite measure up to the Lucius Beebe blurb on the Jacket. Mr. Barrett has written a very interesting story of the social dynasties and doings of another era at five of America’s most celebrated summer resorts. Newport gets 134 pages. Narragansett Pier only 11, Saratoga 83, i Long Btanch 54 and Bar Harbor 31. That doesn't mean, however, that i the author rates them according to the space given, for he seems to • consider only Newport and Bar Harbor free of the taint of vulgarity. Mr. Barrett, a Yale graduate, is a native of Newport and had the legends of three generations at his beck and call when he started his ! work. Not even Ward McAllister was so well equipped, it would seem. ; Down through the reign of Mrs. William Astor and that of her successors, 1 Mrs. Stuyvesant Pish. Mrs. Herman Oelrichs and Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, : the author carries the reader, pausing here and there for choice tidbits, of the like of which Winchell never dreamed. Newport Chapter Is Best in Book. Most interesting of these to the reviewer were the story’ surrounding James Gordon Bennett’s building of the famous Casino and the account of Newport’s losing battle with Forest Hills over the matter of the na tional tennis championships. Since the author knows Newport best of all the playgrounds and, obviously, likes it most of all, it is only natural that the chapter on the Rhode Island resort is the book's best. Mr. Barrett seeks to put on a good show for Saratoga, but just doesn't get the feel of the place as Hugh Bradley did in "Such Was Saratoga.” For one thing, Mr. Barrett starts off on the wrong foot by stating that, whereas the present race track at Saratoga was opened in 1864 despite the CivU War. the track was closed in 1917 and 1918 during the World War. A glance at the record book would have shown him that nearly half of Saratoga’s track records were established in August, 1918, and that some of the greatest races of such horses as Omar Khayyam, Hourless, Roamer and Sun Briar were run during the war years The author is equally inept in his treatment of Dick Canfield, the gambler who collected Whistler paintings, and John Morrissey, the heavyweight champion pugilist-gambler, who later served in Congress. Mr. Barrett does better with Lillian Russell. Mme. Jumel, the one-time wife of Aaron Burr, and DeUa Pox, a musical comedy star in the heyday of the Police Gazette. Although the author—grudgingly, it seems—concedes that Saratoga "probably ranks supreme among the summer resorts of the United States," it is obvious that he disapproves of the place. Long Branch Had Successful Race Track. The material on Long Branch is of even greater interest because this generation knows little of the great days of the New Jersey resort. Yet Presidents Grant. Garfield and Arthur used it as a summer White House— President and Mrs. Hayes also visited there, but they were fanatical prohibitionists and didn't participate in the gayeties—and it was to Long Branch that Garfield was taken to die of an assassin's bullet. More than 2,000 persons helped build a railroad spur of five-eighths of a mile so the wounded President could be carried in comfort to the cottage selected for him. Long Branch also had in Monmouth Park one of the most successful race tracks of the period. August Belmont and the Lorillards were Its guiding hands, and Grant, Arthur. McKinley, Oscar Wilde and Jay Gould among its patrons. Perhaps the most flamboyant of Long Branch's personalities, however, was Jubilee Jim Fisk, best known for his role in the conspiracy to corner the gold market, the prelude to the Black Friday of the Grant administration. Fisk got his nickname because of the way he strutted around in a phony admiral's uniform during the Boston Peace Jubilee. Fisk's “flagship” was his own palatial steamer, Plymouth Rock. The chapters on Narragansett Pier and Bar Harbor are in sharp contrast. Mr. Barrett sums up the former by pointing out that nearly all the risque novels of the ’80s had Narragansett Pier as their locale. But the pier had a swell bathing beach, It seems, and the persons visiting there actually went in bathing. Bar Harbor was and is a triumph of nature, according to Mr. Bar rett, and life at the hotels there during the '80s was utterly unlike tha nervous race-track tempo of Saratoga and Long Branch. CHARLES M. EGAN. Canton Captain By James B. Connolly. Doubleday, Doran & Co., New York. Mr. Connolly’s selection of Robert Bennet Forbes as the subject of his latest work is a happy and timely one. The life of Capt. Forbes is inter woven with the development of America's fabulous China trade, with the beginnings of our Seuth American economic relations and with the Civil War. The story of his adventures makes a highly informative and read able book as today we see the same trade routes threatened by Japan’s aggression in the Pacific. Capt. Forbes’ career included collaboration with Ericsson, the inventor of the Civil War Monitor; many adventures in the South Seas and work that led to the formation of the Massachusetts Coast Guard. This book, however, is principally the story of the China trade. It is a tale of Chinese pirates and enraged Chinese mobs, of silk and tea and opium, of the fabu lously wealthy Chinese merchants and of baffling Chinese customs. True to his trade as a writer of sea tales, Mr. Connolly makes the experiences of Capt. Forbes at sea the high spot of his narrative. The reader frequently will find the author’s seagoing vocabulary beyond him. The addition of a glossary of sea terms would have been of assistance, the only fault found with the book. MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. Hills Beyond Manhattan By Guido D’Agostino. Doubleday, Doran & Co., New York. In this light and insubstantial novel. Mr. D’Agostino has attempted to deal with some very substantial problems. It is the story of the effort of a group of wealthy men to enclose, for hunting purposes, some land in New York State which has theretofore been open, and the resistance offered by the local population. The men of the countryside organize and hold up construction on the home of one of the club promoters; there is bitter feeling and threatened violence. But the difficulty is all smoothed away by the charm of a young French architect who, unlike the wealthy huntsmen, understands “Amer ican tradition.” He convinces the huntsmen that it is un-American for the aristocracy to enclose land from the peasants, and the huntsmen repent their wickedness and everybody Is happy while the Frenchman, in cidentally, wins himself a wife. M.-C. R.