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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 16. An Evening Newspaper With the Full Day's News LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN Associated Pres* and OP) Wirephotos, North American Newspaper Alliance, Chicago Dally News Foreign Service and The Star-* Staff Writers, Reporters and Photographers. C4>> Moans Associated Press.. - i 90th YEAR. No. 35,706. WASHINGTON, D. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1942. -i-r-: THREE CENTS. » Mac Arthur Repels Crack Jap Force Using New Tactics in Batan Push; Island Drive May Aid Singapore ■■ - - A-■----- . ■■ "".— 2 Enemy Divisions Are Shattered on Philippine Lines By the Associated Press. Another Japanese smash — which Tokio heralded as possibly the climactic drive in the battle of the Philippines—has ended in costly failure, although the enemy used his best troops and new tactics against Gen. Douglas MacArthur's men, a War Depart ment communique ^announced today. This was the third triumph recorded by American forces in the Pacific in the last two days. The Japanese had reported heavy gunfire along the east coast of Batan Peninsula, apparently signal ing a general offensive; hence this American success may rank with the destruction of an invasion flotil la aimed at Corregidor and the slashing sea and air attack on six Japanese air and naval bases in the Pacific, announced yesterday. Two Jap Divisions Used. Two Japanese divisions were hurled simutaneously against the American-Filipino lines on the east and west sides of the peninsula, the communique said. On the west, the South China Sea shore, the Japanese were driven back and detroyed, captured or drowned. On the east, facing Manila Bay, ar tillery fire broke up a mass frontal attack before it got fully under way. The communique made clear, however, that the Japanese had fought their way in the last three weeks about halfway down the peninsula. The fighting on the east coast took place in the area of Pilar, the War Department said, and this point near an important road junc tion is only 17 miles from the end of the peninsula opposite the Cor regidor fortress. Picked Groups Make Attack. Gen. MacArthur said the Batan west coast attack was made by picked groups known as Tatori, who made simultaneous attacks at sev eral points. He paid tribute to their courage, but at the end. he said, they were glad to surrender. Gen. MacArthur's report of the repulse said: "All enemy thrusts on the west coast have now been completely mastered. Tire enemy troops em ployed in this desperate venture were his best. They were shock units especially trained and selected. "They have now been entirely destroyed. They resisted with the courage which is characteristic of Japanese troops, but at the end were glad to surrender. They are being treated with the respect and consideration which their gal lantry so well merits.” Two Japanese divisions, the 16th and 65th were specifically identi fied by the War Department and constituted what appeared to be the largest force yet hurled at one time against the American and Filipino defenders. The attack was directed by Lt. Gen. Nara, w-ho was not otherwise identified. On the east coast, the War De partment said the 142d Japanese In fantry Regiment, a component of the 65th Division, led the frontal attack, while the 141st and 122d Regiments vainly attempted an en velopment. Corregidor Attack Smashed. The War Department announced yesterday that Gen. MacArthur’s embattled Army had discovered and smashed extensive Japanese prep arations to capture Corregidor fortress, in Manila Bay, by a great assault. In an apparent effort to wipe out the Central Philippine stronghold in one terrible blow, the enemy had concentrated invasion vessels, barges and launches, and presumably troops, at the village of Ternate, about 25 miles south of Manila, but i within range of Corregidor's guns. Suddenly the guns of the Amer ican fortifications system began to - pour tons of shells into the enemy concentration. "The surprise was complete and the force and its equipment were destroyed,” the War Department reported. Great Strategic Victory. Crushing or this force before it could even get in motion was a great strategic victory for Gen. Mac Arthur. Corregidor and its satellite fortifications guard the rear of Ba tan Peninsula, where Gen. Mac Arthur’s main army is drawn up and where several stony enemy thrusts were repelled over Saturday afternoon and night and yesterday morning. The Japanese plan, as understood here, was predicated on the theory j that by reducing Corregidor, resist ance in the Philippines could be brought quickly to an end. To at tain such an objective would have required large troop concentrations as well as the huge gathering of in (See PHILIPPINES, Page A-2.) Flynn Is Speaker On Radio Forum Edward J. Flynn, chair man of the Democratic National Committee, will discuss “Party Duty in War time” on the National Radio Forum at 9 o’clock tonight. The forum, arranged by The Star, is broadcast nationally over the Blue Network and is heard loc^ly over Station WMAL. JapShips Used Barrage Balloons In Macassar, Eyewitnesses Say Looked Like Celebration, Dutchmen Report, Adding They Didn't Have Chance to Escape' By the Associated Press. BATAVIA, Netherlands Indies, Feb. 2.—The Japanese invasion fleet in the Straits of Macassar i used an elaborate balloon bar rage to protect it from Dutch and American bombers, but a total pf 32 Japanese ships were sunk, fired or heavily damaged and 16 of their planes were shot down in the four-day running battle, two Dutch air officers said today in an eye-witness account. ‘‘For two days before the attack we had been making reconnaissance flights over the Macassar Straits on the lookout for a Japanese in vasion fleet, but because of heavy, low-lying cloud banks we saw no ships at all,” one of the two of ficers. now on leave from his squad ron, told the Aneta agency. "Finally on Friday, January 23. through a rift in the clouds we sighted the enemy—a convoy of about 23 ships as far as we could make out. The convoy was hugging the Celebes coast, and had reached a point east of Balik Papan when we discovered it. I "The convoy consisted of two rows of transport ships protected by cruisers and destroyers, and al though we w'ere quite sure it was headed for Borneo (on the opposite side of the strait), it was too far from the island to have made any landings.” "Our planes,” the second officer said, "attacked immediately—four bomber patrols and two fighter flights. One large warship—we think it was a battleship, but things happened so fast we could not make sure—was sunk, a heavy cruiser was set on fire and was listing sharply when we last saw it, and another cruiser, four transports and a de stroyer were fired. "The enemy set up a terrific anti aircraft barrage, and for a while it looked as If the Jap Navy was cele brating some sort of an occasion with a super-fireworks display. "The Japs carried an elaborate balloon barrage, which rose about 9,000 feet above the decks of their larger ships.” The first officer said he saw one of the Dutch 660-pound bombs hit ~ See MACASSAR, Page A-6 ) Singapore's Big Guns Shell Japs Across Johore Strait Three Small Ships Blasted In Waterway; Arrival Of Aid Announced By the Associated Press. SINGAPORE. Feb. 2.—The de fenders of Singapore, on guard against an expected Japanese thrust across Johore Strait, blasted three small enemy craft which appeared yesterday in the narrow waterway and sank one of the vessels, British headquar ters announced today. At the same time, a communique said, artillery on Singapore Island bombarded Japanese forces moving into Jahore Bahru, directly across the strait. (A British military commenta tor in London said today it was entirely possible that Singapore’s big coast defense guns, intended primarily to meet a sea attack, had been turned against Jap anese troop concentrations on the Malayan mainland north of Jo hore Strait. (Singapore's defenses, this com mentator said, were built with the idea of making the fortress impregnable and the designers certainly would have taken into consideration the possibility of attack from the mainland.) All-Out Assault Forecast. The bulletin said air reconnais sance had disclosed considerable Japanese troop movements on the mainland, all headed southward in apparent preparation for an all-out assault on this island fortress. “Enemy activity over Singapore has increased throughout the last 24 hours,” the communique added. “Some damage was caused but mili tary casualties have been slight.” (Reuters reported that the big Singapore naval base on Johore Strait at the northeast of the be leaguered British island is no longer being used. • The base is within sight of a range of hills across the strait which would afford ideal positions for Japanese artillery, the dis patch, sent from Batavia, said. Three of the island's air bases also were said to be within range of Japanese artillery.) Bolstered by the arrival of long awaited reinforcements, the British, Australian and Indians massed here swiftly put the finishing touches to (See SINGAPORE, Page A-6.) Ark Royal Commander Before Court-Martial B> the Ajsociated Press. PORTSMOUTH, England, Feb. 2. —The commander of the torpedoed aircraft carrier Ark Royal, Capt. L. E. H. Maund, appeared today before a secret court-martial. Informed sources said the pro ceedings "which do not suggest neg ligence on Capt. Maund’s part” will continue until Thursday or Friday. Allied Planes Blast Japanese Forces on Salween River Isle Aircraft Also Scout Enemy Territory on East Burma Front B» the Associated Press. RANGOON, Burma, Feb. 2.— Allied bombers have blasted Jap anese forces on Kadu Island, in the Salween River estuary be tween occupied Moulmein and the railroad city of Martaban to the north, an. R. A. F. com munique announced today. All the planes returned safely, the communique said, and others scout ed enemy territory along the front formed by the Salweerr' River in Eastern Burma, around the Gulf of Martaban from Rangoon. (Since the communique men tioned "Allied" planes, the Amer ican volunteer group—the "Fly ing Tigers’—presumably partici pated in the bombardment.) The Japanese evidently were at tempting to use the island as a stepping stone northward across the broad mouth of the Salween, but an Army headquarters communique said the front line situation was un changed. Hold Salween West Bank. British Imperial Forces withdrawn from Moulmein were holding posi tions along the west bank of the Salween River, Just outside the evacuated city, and dug in behind this natural barrier—150 miles by land from Rangoon—for a deter mined bitter-end resistance to gain time for the building up of the mili tary power of Burma. A British communique yesterday said the situation on the Salween front appeared to be stabilized after an effective evacuation of Moulmein In which British losses were kept low despite heavy Japanese shelling and persistent bombing attacks. The British for their part covered (See BURMA, Page A-5T) President Dubs Daylight Saving As 'War Time1 Daylight saving time, which goes into effect throughout the Nation at 2 a m. next Monday, has been officially dubbed "war time” by President Roosevelt, Stephen Early, White House secretary, disclosed today. There will be “Eastern war time,” “Central war time,” "Mountain war time,” and 1 “Pacific war time.” The coun try’s clocks are to be advanced one hour, according to congres sional enactment, for the dura tion of the conflict. Mr. Roosevelt suggested the name “war time” in response to requests from railroads and other groups for a terminological reference for the time change, Mr. Early said. . --- IP U. S. Fleet Attack Hints Full-Scale Pacific Offensive (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. A slashing sea and air attack by the United States on the mid Pacific flank of Japan's broad hop-skip-jump offensive raised today the probability of a full fledged American offensive in the enemy’s vulnerable island man dates timed to ease the siege of Singapore and check the pres sure on the Netherlands Indies and Australia. By the attack on Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands j the Pacific Fleet was believed to have recovered a considerable meas- j ure of the striking oower lost at 1 Pearl Harbor December 7. It was, so far as has been reported, ' the first time American bombs have fallen on Japanese territory. Amid fierce fighting United States surface and aircraft sank or severely damaged many enemy fleet, auxil , iaries. shelled and bombed vital shore installations and destroyed numer ous enemy planes—all at a cost of 11 American aircraft missing, two i surface vessels slightly damaged and - personnel losses which were officially j estimated to have been light. No Big Enemy Combat Ships Found. The only disappointment for the American forces was indicated in the Navy's statement yesterday that Ad miral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Fleet, had reported that “no large enemy combatant vessels were found.’’ How much the Pacific Fleet must step up its flank attacks to ease the imminent threats to Singapore* Java and Australia was a major question in secret Pacific strategy, but all signs were that the attempt was probable. The official Japanese account of the Gilbert-Marshall attack said United States aircraft carriers, cruisers and destroyers made up the raiding force and claimed that 11 American planes were shot down. The Japanese belittled the re sults of the attack, declaring the only damage suffered was to a small Japanese auxiliary vessel, and claimed the firing of a United States cruiser and damage to other ships. Washington admitted minor damage to only two American ships from near misses of Japanese bombers. Fierce Aerial Fighting. The Navy communique reflected fierce aerial fighting over the Pacific islands, the Japanese apparently putting up a stiffer defense with pursuit planes and anti-aircraft i guns than they did with warships I or coastal batteries. This seemed to be indicated by a statement in the communique that “many enemy airplanes were destroyed both on the ground and in the air’,’ and by the fact that the only damage 0 the attacking units was caused by aerial bombs. ' The loss of 11 American aircraft" also bespoke severe fighting aloft. It was believed to be the heaviest loss suffered by United States Aii** Forces in a single engagement to date, but if the ratio of .tapane.se losses to American losses which has prevailed in previous air fights was maintained, the Japanese suffered a vastly heavier blow. The types of vessels sunk were not identified except by the broad terw “auxiliaries.” The United States Navy includes in its classification of auxiliaries such vessels as destroyer, submarine and aircraft tenders, re pair ships, storeshlps, colliers and tankers, ammunition ships and (cargo and transport vessels. Bases Are Listed. The Japanese bases which were attacked were on the Islands of Jaluit, Wotje, Kwajaleim. Roi and Taroa, in the Marshall group, and the Makin Island in the Gilbert group. Japan obtained the Mar shalls under a League of Nations mandate in 1930. They formerly belonged to Germany. Among them, the principal Japanese fortification is on Wotje, 2,000 air miles south west of Pearl Harbor and 635 miles south of Wake Island. The Gilbert Islands lie south and slightly west of the Marshall group. They belong to Great Britain, but Makin, the northernmost, was oc cupied by the Japanese December 7. The bases the Japanese estab lished on these various islands flank the main American supply routes (See FAR EAST, Page A-5.) Scotland Raid Kills Woman LONDON, Feb. 2 (/P).—A woman 1 was killed and several persons were injured this afternoon when a single air raider bombed and machine gunned streets of an East Scotland village. Captured Jap, Happy He's Alive, Wants to Go Back After War 'if U. S. Can Arrange It' By the Associated Press. A UNITED STATES ARMY FIELD HOSPITAL ON BATAN PENINSULA, Jan. 31 (Delayed.).— Jiro Suzuki (not his real name), a Japanese private wounded and captured when his infiltration party was surrounded behind the American-Philippine front line, has been receiving the best medical care the American Army can give for the last 10 days. The American doctor attending him has pronounced him well on the way to recovery. Through an interpreter, Suzuki has signified his willingness to be interviewed. This is a regular procedure. No prisoner is forced to submit to questioning and none is questioned if he is seriously wounded. This was his story: “I am 24 years old. a native of Osaka, and unmarried. My mother is dead and my elder brother is serving In the navy. As a civilian I worked as a manufacturer of fish cakes, which were very tasty and sold throughout Osaka. "Three years ago this month I was called into the army and served both in infantry and artillery. My regiment was on duty in Japan and never went to China or Man chukuo. "Early in December we sailed from Japan and 12 days later landed at Mauban in Southeastern Luson. “We were amazed to find Ameri-1 can soldiers and American officers with the Filipino troops, who fought j us on landing, as we had been told America would never send an army; to the Philippines. "The American soldiers are ‘ichi ban jozu’ (No. 1 skillful) fighters. “Later we marched to Manila, our trucks being useless because the bridges were destroyed. Then we proceeded to Hermosa and Olongapo. From Olongapo num bers of us were sent behind the American lines. We had no special orders what to fight. “Before we had much chance to (See PRISONER, Page XT) i ' ' 1 * I^OUGHTbtf mtivtpiMcj Problem of a Democracy at War British Fall Back 100 Miles Farther East of Bengasi . Forces of Axis Attack In Great Strength, Cairo Command Says Bv t!-e Associated Press. CAIRO, Feb. 2 —The British have fallen back about 100 miles from Bengasi under attacks by Axis forces “in considerable strength,” the Near East com-' munique acknowledged today. The war bulletin mentioned fight ing at Maraua, 85 miles east of Ben gasi, and in the Slonta area, which is about 19 miles still farther north east. (Maraua, roughly midway be- I tween Bengasi and Derna on the hump of Cirenaica, lies east of , Barce. which Axis communiques reported today also has fallen to German Field Marshal Gen. Erwin Rommel's troops ) At Maraua, however, the British said, the 11th Infantry Brigade car ried out a successful counterattack "in which many casualties were in flicted on the enemy’’ and counter attacked also to check the enemy in the Slonta area. Brigade Fights Way Through. The communique said the 7th Indian Infantry Brigade, which had held Bengasi, fought its way “almost intact” through Axis territory to reach eastern bases, but that en- | gineer and other units left behind to demolish installations in the lost i port probably had been captured. Although the communique saidi the 4th Indian Division was with drawing in the highlands east of Barce “in close contact with the ^nemy who is following up this movement in considerable strength." it indicated that British forces of some size were passed by the Axis advance and were receiving air sup port. At Msus. southeast of Bengasi, it said, imperial mobile columns re mained on the offensive yesterday and captured four enemy vehicles with their'crews. "Throughout the course of yes terday’s operation," it added, "our air forces continued to render ef fective support to operations on land while our bombers during January 31-February 1 attacked mechanical transport columns in the area of El Agheila-Agedabia, starting a number of fires,” Germans Claim Barce Occupied by Tanks BERLIN (From German Broad casts), Feb. 2 (/P).—German tank units advancing against the British in North Africa have occupied the town of Barce, 60 miles northeast (See LIBYA, Page A-2.) Henderson Nominated As Price Administrator By the Associated Press. The nomination of Leon Hender son to be Federal price administra tor was submitted to the Senate to day by President Roosevelt. Mr. Henderson has been acting administrator. Other nominations sent to the Senate included: Rear Admiral Alexander H. Van Keuren. Washington, to be chief of the Navy Department's Bureau of Ships. Col. Walter B. Smith of the In fantry, Indianapolis, and Lt. Col. Laurence S. Kuter of the Air Corps, Milwaukee, to be brigadier generals. Egyptian Cabinet Quits After Demonstrations B> the Associsted Pre CAIRO, Feb. 2.—The Egyptian cabinet of Prime Minister Ussein Sirry Pasha resigned today as the aftermath of student demonstra- j tions against it. The Prime Minister submitted the cabinets resignation to King Farouk at midday. The cabinet was organized No vember 25, 1940, on the death of former Prime Minister Hassan Sabry Pasha, with the Prime Min ister holding also the portfolio of Foreign Affairs. In a reorganiza tion last July 31 he made Alib Sami Pasha Foreign Minister and became his own Minister of In terior. Treasury Calls U. S. Finances Stronger Than in World War I Situation Hopeful, Morgenthau Declares; $1,112,926 Asked for Two Departments By the Associated Press. A $1,112,926,899 appropriations bill to finance the Treasury and Post Office Departments for 1943 went to Congress today with as surances from Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau that the Na tion’s fiscal affairs were in better shape than in the first World War and were free from danger signals. "Right now.’ the Secretary said in testifying before a House Ap propriations Subcommittee. "I think the way values of stocks, bank stocks and commodities have stood up is absolutely amazing—that is, the little fluctuation there has been. "I hope it will continue that way.” he added, "and I think with all safeguards and brakes that we are adding the situation looks much more hopeful than it did in World War No. 1.” His testimony and that of other officials was made public by the committee in sending to the House the bill covering the Treasury and Post Office Departments’ expenses for the fiscal year beginning July 1. Of the total amount, $209,956,976 was designed for the Treasury De partment and $902,969,923 for the Post Office Department. It repre sented an increase of $25,604,633 over the comparable expenses for the current fiscal year, but a reduc tion of $4,902,036 from the amount estimated as necessary bv President Roosevelt. Representative Ludlow, Democrat, of Indiana, asked Secretary’ Mor genthau during hearings on the bill whether he saw any “danger sig nals” concerning the Nation's solv ency. “None,” Mr. Morgenthau replied. He explained that with the new price control law and the system of allocations and priorities on mate rials “we are hopeful that a real inflation will be prevented.” "We in the Treasury feel.” he said, “that through our sales of De fense bonds to the working men we will absorb a considerable portion of their savings, and also that through sales of our other forms of Treasury securities we will attract to the Treasury unused working capital.” Mr. Morgenthau did not suggest how Congress might raise $7,000, i .(See APPROPRIATIONS,~A-5Tr~ Axis Gives Evidence Of Preparing Drive In Mediterranean Goering in Italy, Sees Mussolini and Inspects Planes, Nazi Radio Says By the Associated Press. New signs of an Axis Mediter ranean campaign much more serious than the present counter offensive in Eastern Libya ap peared today. Coinciding with the British re treat from Bengasi and Italian re ports of intensified German air assault on Malta. Berlin let it be known by radio that Reichsmarshal Hermann Welhelm Goering has been in Italy since last Tuesday, conferring with Premier Mussolini and inspecting German air force units in Sicily. Besides being Adolf Hitler's chief lieutenant. Goering is chief of the German air froce. 1,500 Raids on Malta. Malta, whose airline distance from Sicily is measured in minutes, al ready has undergone 1.500 separate air raid alerts and hundreds of actual attacks in this war. The latest, according to the Italian high command, was a heavy assault on an airdrome there in which a fire was caused and numerous planes were destroyed. This probably was the work of German planes based in Sicily, whose nearest coast is less than 60 miles north of the Malta shore. The (See MEDITERRANEAN?Page A-27) Former Central High Student Lost at Sea As Coast Guardsman Clifford Lindsay's Parents Informed Of Death in Action (Picture on Page B-l.) Word of the death in action at sea of a 21-year-old Washington coast guardsman, Clifford Alex ander Lindsay, was received last night by his father, James E. Lindsay, 424 Twelfth street S.E. The Navy Department telegram, which referred to young Lindsay as a fireman, first class, said his body had not been recovered, Lindsay, who was born here in Washington, joined the Coast Guard about a year and a half ago and was trained in Baltimore. He was home for a few days with his family during the Christmas holidays, and the last letter received from him was January 22. the family said. Young Lindsay attended Central High School, graduating about four years ago. While at the high school, he was on the rifle team and was at one time champion horseshoe pitcher. His brother, James E. Lindsay, jr., who works with the Standard Oil Co. in Baltimore, said his young brother had “always been interested in the sea and loved to fish." His father is a machinist at the Navy Yard. Lindsay also leaves a sister, Catherine Irene Lindsay, an employe of the telephone company here. Firm Mr. Wilson in Curfew Lay Repeats: 'Girls, Hit the Hay!' (Cutfew Sponsor Announces 10-point Efficiency Program, Pg. A-2.) Representative Wilson, Republican, of Indiana, sponsor of a plan for Government girls to observe a 10 p.m. curfew in the interest of efficiency, replied today to the protest in verse by Eileen V. McBride, Government worker, published in The Sunday Star. Mr. Wilson's lyrical retort follows: Young lady, I’m sorry you misunderstood! (However, it seem to be all to the good.) 1 was not impatient with girls who are working, My patience is short with those who are shirking. In winning a war our hearts must be in it, So toil we must, every day, every minute. I mentioned your breakfasts and caused quite a titter. But if you will listen, you'll feel so much fitter. Early to bed and early to rise Will help your complexion and brighten your eyes. And coffee and rolls in your tummies by nine Will make you feel healthier, frisky and fine. I’m not an old ogre who spoils girls’ fun, I just see a job that has got to be done. The least you can do is to carry your share. When our boys are at work on the sea, land and air. So, here’s to a curfew, and feeling your best. The boys in the service ufill settle the rest. If you will agree to turn in at “taps” Your Uncle will check off the Germans and Japs. ■» Half Billion Loan For China Asked To Curb Inflation Congress Move to Fulfil! Request Expected Today By BLAIR BOLLES. President Roosevelt today asked Congress to approve a $500,000, 000 loan to China in order to bolster the United Nations’ war against the Axis in the Far East. Mr. Roosevelt wrote letters to Vice President Wallace and Speaker Rayburn asking for swift action, and it was under stood a resolution for the loan would be placed before the House and Senate this afternoon. Democratic and Republican lead ers from the Capitol, meeting Sat urday with Secretary of the Treas ury Morgenthau and Federal Loan Administrator Jones, agreed to rush the loan resolution to hurried passage. Speaker Rayburn will in troduce the proper resolution. White House Secretary Stephen Early said. Economy Severely Shaken. The administration plans to use the $500,000,000 for direct assistance to China in bolstering the Internal Chinese economy, which has been severely shaken by the war during the past four years, it was learned. The decision to make the money available was based on reports sent back to Washington from Chung king by Emanuel Fox of the Treas ury Stabilization Board, who has 1 been in China on a special eco ; nomic mission. China, it was said here, is suffer ing from inflation which makes dif ficult the problem of the Chiang Kai-shek government in feeding and paying the army and in supporting civilian morale. Inflation has been growing steadily since the Japanese occupied most of the Chinese coastal regions and thus cut off China from her principal sources of ordinary revenue. The United States Government, In offering the loan feels that helping China fight inflation helps the United Nations fight the Axis. The exact details of how the mo®ey will be made available will be worked out later, it was said authoritatively. Unlike Previous Loans. It is the plan not to use any of the $500,000,000 for direct war aid : to China such as financing the pur chase of tanks etc. Thus this loan falls into a different category from previous loans made available to China by the United States during the course 6f the Sino-Japanese war. The President’s letter to Mr. Wal lace read as follows: "My Dear Mr. Vice President: "Responsible officials both of this Government and of the government j of China, have brought to my at tention the existence of urgent need for the immediate extension to China of economic and financial assistance, going beyond in amount and different in form from such aid as Congress has already authorized. I believe that such additional assist ance would serve to strengthen China’s position as regards both her internal economy and her capacity in general to function with great military effectiveness in our common effort. “I urge, therefore, the passage by Congress of appropriate legislation to this effect and attach hereto a suggested draft of a joint resolu tion which will accomplish this pur-‘ pose.” Jap Aliens Are Rounded Up In Los Angeles Harbor Area 1 By the Associated Press. SAN PEDRO. Calif., Feb. 2 —A ! roundup of Japanees aliens on Terminal Island, vital naval and i shipbuilding center in Los Angeles Harbor, was begun at dawn today by 150 Federal officers, police de tectives and sheriff's deputies. The F. B. I. said the officers were ; armed with “presidential warrants" as they began taking alien Japanese fishermen and cannery workers into custody. Japanese population of the island is 2,200. of whom about 800 are said to be aliens. ! The island had not been named by Attorney General Biddle as out : of-bounds in a list of West Coast I regions which must be vacated by ! Japanese and other enemy aliens j before February 24. Officers said those taken into cus | tody today were booked as “en ; route to the immigration office.” Australia Bomb Blasts Kill 10, Injure 20 By the Associated Press. PERTH, Australia, Feb. 2.—Ten persons were killed and 20 were In jured today in bomb explosions at a hotel and house at a gold-mining center near Kalgoorlie. The body of an unidentified man whom the police said they suspected of planting the bombs was found in a cemetery where, they asserted, ha apparently had committed suicide. Skis Nazis Collected For Use in Russia Prove of No Use By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Feb. 2—Many of the skis collected by the Germans in Sweden and occu pied Norway for the use of Nazi troops on the eastern front have proved unservice able, the London radio said today. Prior to delivery to the Ger mans. the skis had been soaked in water and then quickly dried, with the result that they broke into pieces as soon as they were put to hard use. the radio said. The broadcast was heard here by Columbia Broadcasting Sys tem.