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Portugal Enjoying'Gold Rush'
Due to Sardines and Black Ore Great Amount of Intrigue Marks Boom, With Germans Coming Out Victorious This is the last of a series xcritten by an American corre spondent just returned, from Europe. By DAVID M. NICHOL. Correspondent of The Star and Chicago Daily News. Portugal is experiencing a modern gold rush in the form of the sardines its citizens fish from the sea and a dull black ore called wolfram. In the background is as much international intrigue as ever graced a novel of high adventure. There are mysterious agents with endless bank accounts and pockets full of money, deals in tin cans by the millions, legal trials which may de termine the number of airplanes the Germans can produce, and Por tuguese peasants wearing silk shirts and buying fountain pens by the dozens because some one convinced them this was an indication of af fluence. Wolfram is found in small chunks on the surface, in slender seams just under the topsoil, sometimes em bedded in other stone. These unfor tunate natural phenomena have al tered the physical characteristics of large areas in Northern Portugal, and even some of its architecture. Mad search Tor Ktcnes. Farmlands have been tom up. vineyards destroyed in the mad search for the black wealth. In one small town an entire building was taken apart, stone by stone, because some enterprising prospector discov ered traces of the ore. Farm labor has practically disappeared in the north part of the country. The Portuguese government has been compelled to attempt regulation of the industry, so far with little suc cess. Wolfram for years was just an other of a long list of Portuguese products. It attracted little atten tion. There were supplies in other parts of the world. Then came the blockade and then came the Ger mans. British counterbidding helped to boost the price, but the real bonanza did not occur until the Russian war cut off previous Ger man supplies from China, shipped by the Trans-Siberian Railroad. The importance of wolfram lies in the fact that from it is produced tungsten, and tungsten is vital to many of the alloy steels, hardening them and fitting them for use as j cutting tools and other essential 1 items. Germans rar-signiea. Prices varied with international market conditions, but in England the semi-refined ore brought about $700 a ton. The United States pays about $1,400. a ton for its imports from Bolivia. No one would start tearing up their olive trees or their cork orchards for the small amounts they might find at that price. But the far-sighted Germans, through an agent named Dietmar, began surveying the area a year and a half ago. Purchasing by pounds, or their fractions, they be gan buying at the rate of $1.20 for a kilogram or 2.2 pounds. By last spring the figure was up to $4 80 for the same amount, and by Sep tember to the equivalent of about $7,000 a ton. Then the real boom got under way. In October It was $12,000 a ton: by November, $18,000. and by about mid-January, $24,800. The importance of the olive trees disap peared early in this rising market. British and French capital con trol the important commercial pro ducers. but they have lost out on the wildcr»ting. The German ar mistice cor.*mission insisted that the output of a large French concern, the Borralha Mines, should be turned over to the Nazis, but so far the British have succeeded in block ing the transfer in the Portuguese courts The country’s total output will be about 6,000 tons this ypar, it is estimated. Dizzy Course for Sardines. Sardines followed almost the same dizzy course, with variations of their own. The “pack” this year will approach 1,500,000 cases of 100 tins each—important to the British as food, more important to the Ger mans for the oil and fat they con tain. The catch was the tinplate needed for the cans, and the Eng lish believed they had the only source of supply. English brokers offered the sar dine canners the equivalent of $2.40 at the docks for enough sardines to pack a case, the unit of the trade. The price was good, about four times the normal January mar ket. and the only factor the British hadn't considered was the Nazi con fiscation of tinplate in the occupied areas of Europe. German brokers appeared in the Portuguese market with enough of ADVERTISEMENT Your Natural Beauty Brought Out uitli Aid of Mereolized If ax Cream Try this famous Skin Bleach and Beauti fler. Mercolized Wav Cream Its effective ingredients hasten the natural activity of the skin in flakme off lifeless, dull or darkened surface .skin in tiny, inv.sioie particles This complexion lightener used as directed reveals the whiter, newer un derskin. Saxolite Astringent tightens loose surface skin. Gives a delightful sense of freshness Reduces excess surface oil. Dissolve Saxo lite Astringent in one-half pint, witch hazel and use daily, morning or evening. Tarkroot Brautr Mask—Try this cooling, soothing and refreshing facial. We believe you will like it.__ mmam tam FAST and FRFQUFNT SERVICE Phono District 3300 ... 1.— . Gabardines with two points of view Open or Closed Heels Dull gabardine traced with shiniest black patent leather . . delightful accompaniment to your Spring prints, your dressy suit. And you may have them with open or closed heels. Closed heel gabardine pump with heart shaped loop for dec oration. $9.75. * Open hee! gobardine pump with thin pat ent leother platform, tailored buckle. 59.75. J Shoe Department, Second Floor Julius Garfinckel & Co. F Street at Fourteenth the precious tin for 1,000,000 cases, and gave the sardine market its rosiest days for years. The price at the docks was five times the English figure, about $12 a case, and the Germans will get about two thirds of the pack as a result. (Copyright, 1W12, by Chicago Dally Newa.) ereToGo at To Do LECTURES. “Wildlife Homes and Habits on National Refuges.” with color films, by Wesley F. Kubichek, sponsored by the National Park Service, De partmental Auditorium, Constitution avenue between Thirteenth and Fourteenth streets N.W., 8 o'clock tonight. "Keep America Strong by the Prevention of Venereal Diseases,” by Dr. Jack Derzavis, Jewish Com munity Center, Sixteenth and Q streets N.W., 8:30 o’clock tonight. MUSIC. Organ musicale, Washington Chapel, Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints, Sixteenth street and Columbia road N.W., 8 o’clock tonight. Concert, Marine Band Symphony Orchestra, Marine Barracks audito rium, Eighth and I streets S.E., 8:15 o’clock tonight. DRAMA. “Brighton Rock,” an original adap tation of the novel, by the University Players. Catholic University Theater, 8:30 o’clock tonight, through Feb ruary 10. DANCE. All States Club, Washington Hotel, 9:30 o’clock tonight. FOR MEN IN THE SERVICE. Square dance, Y. W. C. A.. Seven teenth and K streets N.W., 8:30 o'clock tonight. MEETINGS. Chi Sigma Sorority, Mayflower Hotel, 8 o’clock tonight. Dames of the Loyal Legion, May flower Hotel, 2 p.m. tomorrow. Americanism Commission, Ameri can Legion, Mayflower Hotel, | o'clock tonight. LUNCHEONS. Junior Board of Commerce, An napolis Hotel, 12:30 pm. tomorrow. Washington Institute of Public Ac countants, Madrillon Restaurant, 12:30 p.m. tomorrow. Cosmopolitan Club, flay - Adams Hotel, 12:30 p.m. tomorrow. Dl-Ma-Va Club, Ambassador Ho tel, noon tomorrow. Kiwanis Club, Mayflower Hotel, 12:30 p.m, tomorrow. ACHING-STIFF I SORE MUSCLES 1 For PROMPT relief—rub on Mus I terolel Massage with this wonderful ■ “counter-irritant” actually bring* B fresh warm blood to aching muscle* ■ to help break up painful local con I gestion. Better than a mustard B plaster! Made in 3 strengths. SHOPPERS DINNER 55c V Balconv^Tea Room Served d:tS to 5:.1» PM. Thursday Only Chicken Gumbo Roup or Chilled Orange Juice Fried Spring Chicken Tomato Slice Browned Potatoes Buttered Lima Beans Tomato Slices and Lettuce Salad Hot Rolls Pumpkin Pie or Ice Cream Beverage Prelude To Spring! Navy For Young-Minded ff omen! SCROLL TRIM BOLERO Borrowed from our Southern neighbors! De signed to please the busy American woman of today. New rayon crepe bolero jacket dress to be worn with or without the bolero. Simply styled bolero with exquisite rayon taffeta trim in a charming rose pattern to give a crisp new look. Navy; sizes 16 Vi to 22Vi. Women's Dresses—Second Floor (/ Stripes! Solids! JUNE ARDEN COTTONS 325 Rejoice! You've found an unusual selec tion of finely tailored chambrays and seersuckers at a budget price! Shirt waist styles and coat models . . . pleated, flared, and gored shirts . . . collar trims . . . high and low necklines . . . action backs. Rose, blue, green, brown, multi colors. 12 to 20, 38 to 44. Daytime Dress Shop—Third Floor Again It's Patent and Gabardine! PHYSICAL CULTURE’S MART Getting ready for spring? Try these flattering Physical Culture gabardines with shiny patent trim and neat open toe. Slip into one and notice the smooth fit of elasticized gabardine plus slenderizing beauty. Exclusively Lansburgh’s—Women's Shoes—Second Floor 6.50 »_«*lansburgn9s »-"■«» On Sale dt These Savings for Thursday Only! Regularly 13.95! Period Style OCCASIONAL CHAIR Thursday Only Note the graceful ball-and-claw feet, high restful back. The com fortable spring seat is well padded. Upholstered in durable cotton tapestries (choice of rose, blue or gold*. Buy a pair for foyer or liv ing room at this special price. LANSBURGH'S—Fifth Floor Regularly 59c! “COMMANDER’' RADIATOR SHIELDS Thursday Only Heovy metal with rounded cor ners and closed ends. Ivory or grain-walnut finishes. Fits all radiators up to 9 inches wide. Extend 19 to 35 inches. 79c Size, 24 to 47” Shields 65c LANSBURGHS—Sixth Koor Specially Priced! Gay “Nautical * 8-PC. DRINK SET Thursday Only Tall graceful crystal-clear glasses for all your favorite drinks. The nauti cal emblems (two in each topic) are imposed on a frosted circle background. Rounded bottom dis courages tipping. Buy several sets. LANSBURGH'S—Sixth Floor Very Special! 1NNERSPPING MATTRESS Thursday Only Our own "Reeleze" quality. All steel innercoil unit covered with heavy stitched sisal pads and in sulated with fresh new cotton layer felt. Durable printed cotton art tickings. Single and double sizes. Limited quantity, be here early! LANSBVRQH’S—Fifth Floor