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Book to Tell
Of Prdude to Japans Blow AmericarSays Dual Sysdm of Dealings Well Known By DAVUJLA WHENCE. Frederick Mooe, the only Ameri een who wu a the Inside of the Japanese Embesy and saw from that vantage post how the United State* and Ja* pan drifted Ink war—Is wrltini a book about It Mr.Uoore waj for 90 years I foreign eorra •pendent an< •pent many years In the Pal East for the As elated Press an< later the Nen| York Times. Pom the last fee* years he hai David Lawrtnev. been employed by the Japanese government asm adviser and, of course, has bm known to the American Govmment in that ca pacity. On thiday war broke out, his services wit the Japanese gov ernment were finally terminated. The interest* thing about Mr. Moore's book lshat he plans to tell In detail of theonflict between the militarist elerrots in Japan and the peace elencts. He states that Admiral Homo hoped to the last that twar woui not come and did his utmost torrevent it. He was an intimate frnd of the Japanese Ambassador ad spent many days a week in confence with him. Asked todaywhether he believed either Admira Nomura or Special Envoy Kurus knew of the im pending brealwhen they were ne gotiating witbhe United States, he replied that » did not think so. In fact, he ddared that the Japa nese Ambasssor was hopeful until the Amerlcamote of November 26 and that aft' that he was afraid that war wa coming, but did not know when. Reply Reived December 6. Mr. Mooreivealed that the Japa nese Ambaskior received the for mal reply ttthe American note of November 2 sometime during the night of Dember 6 and asked for an engagennt with the State De partment i 10 o'clock Sunday morning asoon as it was decoded. His lnstrucbns had been to deliver the note atrnce. Mr. Moore’s Im pression is hat the Japanese gov ernment lrrnded to break off rela tions durlr the forenoon of Sun day, Deceoer 7, and attack imme diately aft-wards. The attack at Hawaii cat about 1:55 pm. Wash ington tim and the Japanese Am bassador vs not received until 2:15 pm. at th State Department. The Roberts port says Japan planned to break ‘lations at 1 p.m. Wash ington tw. During he 11 days immediately following he dispatch by our Gov ernment f the November 26 note, Mr. Moo made no secret of his r was coming. In fact, that opinion in a speech aa private luncheon of the Harvard Club of Washington on Monday f the week preceding the attack o Hawaii. The vfcr of Mr. Moore is that the Jtpanes Ambassador and the spe cial envr hoped for some concession from th United States which would enable nem to stem the tide of mllitarin In Japan. He says the Japano militarists made good use inside .pan of the aid given China by theUnited States and of the econom restrictions which had been placed igainst Japan by America. The ndtarists used each step by Amerit to strengthen their case and ths AHrican note of November 26 demanlng in effect that Japan after four ytrs of war should surrender to Chi* was the climax that gave the mltarists their clinching point in thenner councils of the govern ment. Ultarlsts Lang in Saddle. Mr.ioore declares that ever since 103d ie militarists have had. the uppemand In Japan and that what they lay have been planning to do with leir army and navy could very well ave been kept a secret, from the <t>lomats or the peace elements who rere trying to frustrate their plant He says this system of dual opersion has been a well-known fact o all who have studied Far Eastrn affairs In recent years and thoul not have been • surprise to Amelcans. Mi Moor# never expected an at tackby Japan on the United States, howver. He did not think the mili taries in Japan woiid go so far. He ielleved all along, on the other hens that American involvement wouH possibly come: through Japa nese Invasion of Thailand, attacks on 3ritish forces sear the Burma road and Interference with Ameri can shipping. Mr.Moore thinks the Japines# militaries’ policy will be prored a major blinder and that the of the militarists in attack ing the United States will be duly demonstrated by he turn of the war in favor of theAllies. The importance ft these revela tions will doubtless le apparent when the tide does turn for it has long been believed by experts in Far East ern matters that Tapan la under going a revolutiot internally and that the war will settle once and for all whether libral elements and a parliamentary rstem will come out on top or wheher Fascism has eome to stay in be Japanese Em pire. dUoroduetlea Ithts lUcvTtd.) String Quart* to Play Members of th’ Budapest String Quartet will preent a program of classical and extemporary music tomorrow night At Iglehart Hall, St. John’s Colleg, Annapolis. The concert, under le sponsorship of the Elizabeth fprague Coolidge Foundation of tfe Library of Con gress and St. Jbn’s College, will mark the secon time the group has appeared u Annapolis In IS months. The Political Mill Even Adverse Reaction to Flynn's Speech Unlikely to Give Capitol Control to G. 0. P. By GOULD LINCOLN. Reaction to the plea of Chair man Edward J. Flynn of the Democratic National Committee for the election of a Democratic Congress next November, on the ground that one of another po litical make-up would be hostile to President Roosevelt and a detriment to American victory in the war, has not been favorable. In the first place, it aroused re sentment among Republicans, , who felt that their patriotism had been challenged. Second, many persons. Democrats as well as Republicans, thought it was ill-timed—when the demand has been for national unity. No one, of course, expected Mr. Flynn to be complacent about a possible Republican victory at the polls next fall. But when he charged that the Republicans were more anxious to win control of the House than they were to win the war against the Axis powers, he stepped out quite a bit. Generally speaking, the politi cal leaders of the G. O. P. are delighted that Mr. Flynn made his demand for the election of a Democratic Congress in the terms that he did. They do not believe for a moment that Mr. Flynn can make the country be lieve that Republicans in and out of Congress are not patriotic, or that they are indifferent or do ing nothing about the war. Attack Astounds Martin. Chairman "Joe’’ Martin of the Republican National Committee, who is the Republican leader of the House, said he was astound ed by the virulence of the Plynn attack on the Republicans, con tained in his broadcast of Mon day night. In Mr. Martin's opin ion, such an attack could only shake the national unity for which the President has asked. “But I can say this,” added Mr. Martin, "the Republicans will continue to support President Roosevelt 100 per cent in the ef fort to win the war. We will not be diverted from that objec tive, although it appears that Mr. Flynn is seeking to get us into a fight. It appears to me that Mr. Flynn is seeking to prevent all criticism, whether construc tive or not, and that also he is trying to raise a fighting spirit among the Democrats, so that it will be easier for him to collect the $600,000 which he needs to pay off the deficit of the Demo cratic National Committee, com-. ing over from the last campaign.” ' It's a far cry to the elections November 3. ▲ lot of water will pass over the dam before then. Today, however, the chances ap pear good for Republican gains in both the House and Senate. Whether the Republicans could upset the Democratic control of the House and win a majority of the seats in that chamber Is an other matter. In the first place, the Democrats have a lead of 100 over the Republicans in the House. They would have to win 51 seats held by the Democrats and hold all they now have. That’s a job for any political party to tackle. Easier Job in 1918. Reference has been made in this column and elsewhere to the fact that In 1918. when this coun try was at war, an appeal was made by President Wilson for the election of a Democratic Congress as requisite to victory abroad. The Republicans won, making big gains in both House and Senate. It must be remembered, however, that in 1918 the number of Re publicans in the House was ap proximately the same as that of the Democrats, with a small group of third party members holding the balance of power. In deed, in January, 1918, there were 209 Democrats and 212 Repub licans, with six vacancies, most of them Democratic. The House election in 1916, when Woodrow Wilson won a second term in the White House just by the skin of his teeth, gave the Democrats scarcely a margin of control—a margin they maintained through t support of some of the third party members. Relatively, there fore, it was a much easier job for the Republicans to overthrow the Democratic majority than it would be today. The 1918 elec tion resulted in giving the Re publicans a lead of 40 over the Democrats in the House, and cut the Democratic lead of 10 votes in the Senate to nothing, and gave the Republicans a lead of one vote In that body. Mr. Martin addressed two Re publican meetings in Ohio last weelc end. It is fair to quote the Cleveland Plain Dealer, an inde pendent Democratic newspaper, on the subject of Mr. Martin’s address delivered in Cleveland. “The Republican party's war pro gram as outlined by the party chairman, Congressman Joseph W." Martin, jr., in his Cleveland address is one that will be-in dorsed by every American who believes that the continuation of our way of life is worth fighting for, both on the foreign battle field and in the home sector. The Republican party, says Chairman Martin, must support the admin istration wholeheartedly in every measure designed to prevent a to talitarian victory in the war. But it must also fight to arrest any march toward State socialism in America after the war." Fur ther on, the editorial says, “The danger lies in the effort to use the war as an excuse to promote social revolution.” Rally Behind War. Since the war began December 7, with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the Republicans in Congress have rallied to the support of every appropriation asked for the prosecution of the war. Since that time there have been, at least two congressional - committee-' reports, dealing with the administration of the na tional defense program — both critical, and both presented from committees having a Democratic majority. They were the reporta of the Truman Committee of the Senate, and the House Naval Af fair* Committee. While the House Naval Affairs Committee report was presented hy its chair man, Representative Vinson of Georgia, It was not signed by a majority of the Democrats—on the ground that It was too severe when it said that strikes of or ganized labor in defense plants had been the most serious cause of delay in the defense program. It is going to take more than the distribution of money to win this coming election. The ad ministration has got to show it self proficient in handling the war effort. The American peo ple have too big a stake In that for It to be overshadowed by any thing else. tTHE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not 1 necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. * ‘ « _ Russia Holds Key to Spring Eliot Sees German Striking Power Sharply Reduced if Soviet Presses Winter Advantage By MAJ. GEORGE FIELDING ELIOT. There is one major question which all observers of the European theater of war would like to have answered, and upon which depends the course of the world conflict during the coming year —what Is the reserve striking power of Ger many? To answer this question, It would be neces sary to know a number of fac tors which are not now accu rately known to us. What were Goorn FiaUtei Eilat. the actual German losses m men and material in Russia? To what extent can these losses be made up from available German reserves of man power, and from German pro duction? How much is the produc tion of the captive countries aiding Germany? How much damage has been done to German industry by British bombing? What is the pres ent German situation regarding strategic raw materials, especially petroleum? We do not have exact answers to these questions. We have many estimates, some of which are weighted. Taking a rough mean of the most Impartial and careful esti mates, we may reason as follows: At the outset of the Russian cam paign, Germany had about 300 di visions of all types, and about 8,500 first line operating aircraft. Dur ing the Russian campaign, approx imately 50 divisions of all types have been completely smashed, to an ex tent requiring complete reconstitu tion with fresh personnel and equipment. This cannot be done in a few weeks. For the winter we may oount this number of divisions as being out of action, but as con stituting a possible reserve for oper ations in the spring. Of the re maining 350 divisions, at least 60 are required for garrison and police duties in Norway, Occupied France, Central Europe and the Balkans. To reduce this figure would be to invite uprisings by the captive peo ples. and invasion from the sea by Anglo-American forces. 10 Left for Offensive. To maintain a defensive Russian front, not less than 125 divisions will be required for front-line serv ice, which means that a total of about 180 divisions will be needed to provide the necessary local and general reserves. To use less is to invite disaster. This leaves 10 divi sions in hand for offensive purposes elsewhere—certainly Insufficient to strike at Turkey, possibly even in sufficient for a push through Bpain. As to first-line aircraft, the Ger man losses in Russia have probably been Just about keeping pace with production, having regard to Ger man losses elsewhere. At the mo ment, however, the wear and tear on operating units has been such that about one-third of these units are reported refitting in Germany, another third are on the Russian front and the remainder divided between the western front and the Mediterranean. The sources from which the Gei mans may derive striking power for a spring offensive seem, therefore, to be these: Divisions and air units which have been completely refitted and reconstituted in Germany dur ing the winter, plus such additional units as may be wholly created. As to the latter It must be remembered that Increased production, tha need of Ailing losses in existing units and police duties in occupied territories make heavy demands on man power, while a great proportion of the German war industry must be busy making replacements rather thafi accumulating fresh reserves of weapons. We will not be far aAeld if we estimate that as of April 1, the German high command may have in hand 60 to 80 divisions and 2.000 to 3,000 Arst-line aircraft for offensive operations, either to pass from the defensive to the offensive in Russia or to undertake a new offensive else where. But even this modest esti mate is subject to one factor of variance, and that is the extent to which the exigencies of the Russian winter Aghting may draw upon these German reserves. Situation* Similar. In this regard the German situa tion in Russia is very similar to that of the Allies in the Far East. In both cases the initiative is with the enemy and the defense must plan to make the best use of its strength so that no vital advantage be lost while it is gathering its power to take the offensive. Thus we are now fighting hard to hold Singapore, Manila Bay and Java. If we should lose these it would be far more difficult and costly for us to pass to the offensive at a later date. This was precisely the German view when Marshal Timo shenko’s advance threatened the Crimea. Reinforcements had to be put in to prevent what might have proven irreparable disaster. The present stiffening German resistance in the Leningrad and Kharkov areas indicates a similar German reaction to Russian advances In those sectors. The farther back the Germans must go and the more strategic lines of communication and communicating centers they lose the harder it will be for them to regain the lost ground in the spring and the more losses they must expect before they get back to the position at which they started their retirement. There Is, therefore, a tendency for the Germans to use up in drib lets, here and there, in the manner of a man patching a leaking dam, those reserves which they are de pending on for their spring offen sive. It is all very well to say that the high command should be firm in refusal to reduce these reserves beyond a certain minimum, but it is difficult indeed for the high com mand to continue to refuse the urgent demands of army command ers for help here and help there, especially when the army com manders can not only point out that vital strategic positions will other wise be lost, but also that the morale of their troops Is suffering at being compelled to yield ground for which those troops have paid in blood and agony. Russians May Decide. The German striking power in the spring may very well depend, therefore, on the extent to which the Russians can keep their coun teroffensive going during the win ter, capitalizing upon their superior mobility over snow-covered terrain, and their superior adaptability to winter conditions, in which they have such long experience. One more point is worth men tioning, and that is the probability that the Germans have pulled all of their panzer divisions out of Russia and are rebuilding them, probably reducing them somewhat in numbers as well as in the indi vidual establishment of each divi sion. When spring comes, It Is quite possible that the Initial striking power of the Germans In armored troops may be little less than It was Atmric&t fbmt b—r kifhmtaK -» L^iiL wpOTl IWW 'Uvo* A man Ankhot hk Ant botth of BaAantino with but ono rogrot... he wishes he’d sampled PURITY, BODY and FLAVOR sooner. Meet this matchless combination at 3*Ring Time today. Look for the 3 Rings; call for Ballantine Ale i;; or Ballantine Beer. On draught;;; in bottles and cans. Ballantine JUST FOB FUN tune in «I- _ KINO TIME,” Ballantine WPV M coeat-to-coeat radio show fa fa . . . Milton Berle, Shirley Rom ...an Station WMAL, BMo Network, fti. t:M p. Mkariae* lea*. Newark.N.I. « Jli This Changing World Stalin Declared Offended at U. S. Delay In Sending New Envoy; Hull Suggested By CONSTANTINE BROWN. President Roosevelt Is being urged to hasten the choice of a new Ambassador to Russia. Pre mier Stalin is reported to have shown some Impatience at the delay of the American Govern ment in replacing Ambassador Laurence A. Stelnhardt, who returned from Kuibyshev last December. The Soviet government is par ticularly Irked by the fact that we are represented in Russia now by only a Charge d’Affalres, while the Russians sent us one of their top-flight statesmen, Maxim Llt vinoff, thus indicating the impor tance they attach to American Soviet relations. In any country but the U. 8. 8. R. the delay in appointing an Ambassador under present cir cumstances would have been of secondary importance; It would have been realized that our war effort necessitates the employ ment of our best men at home. Stalin, however, takes it as a per sonal affront and is reported to have hinted his astonishment at the fact that in these difficult days we have no officer of am bassadorial rank In Moscow. Special Ability Needed. Ever since it was decided that Mr. Steinhardt would be given another assignment, the White House and State Department have been looking for a man who would fit well into the Russian picture. They have not found one yet. Many qualifications are neces sary for the Moscow post. The new envoy must be a man of position in this country and well known abroad. Stalin is very particular regarding the person ality of the Ambassador who will represent the United States. Ac cording to diplomatic reports, one of the minor contributing factors in the failure to achieve Franco Brltish-Russlan understanding in 1939 was the fact that the Brit ish sent to Moscow a man who lacked "rank," while Prime Min ister Chamberlain himself had . paid visits to Adolf Hitler in 1938. The fact that the British rep resentative at Moscow was a very able and Intelligent man made no difference to Premier Stalin. In the eyes of the U. S. S. R. he was Just an obscure official and was treated as such. Couldn't Spare Harriman. At one time during Mr. Roose velt'S search it looked as II W. Averell Harriman, who is well known and liked In Russian offi cial quarters, would be asked to accept the post. But subsequently It was considered that Mr. Har riman was too essential in lease - lend co-ordination and he could not be spared from London. The usual socialite who was available for such jobs in peace time would not be adequate for the job, even if he were well known as a rich man. In the pre-war days wealth and a love of art and music—especially the former—were essential for am bassadorial service. President Roosevelt’s difficulty Is, however, misunderstood In Moscow. Since Stalin was able to send a man like Mr. Litvlnoff he falls to see why Mr. Roose velt cannot find the right type of Ambassador. He realizes that the United States is a great country which has produced many re markable men and he imagines that all the President has to do is to offer the Job to any such person. In some quarters it is suggested that the President might ask Sec retary of State Hull to undertake the delicate and difficult position. His tact and gentle manner are regarded by many as great assets for what is now considered the number one diplomatic Job of the United States. His tremendous prestige throughout the New World and his influence over the people of the United States un questionably would please the Russian Premier. Post Calls for Tact. Our relations with the U. S. S. R. are extremely cordial at the present time, but the time may come when we will need a man of Mr. Hull’s type to soothe the Russian leaders. Such a situa tion may develop in the next few months if our war production does not step up sufficiently to enable us to deliver the huge quantities of material the Soviet armies are asking in order to meet what is expected to be a fierce German spring offensive. The Russian general staff looks for it in May or June. Our calculations on war ma terial production are based on the needs of our Allies and our selves under certain circumstances and call for a huge number of planes and tanks. But if we or the British suffer greater losses than anticipated or other unexpected developments Intervene it may be difficult to keep up the dispatch of supplies which have been promised to the U. 8. 8. R. for its armies. Unless we have at that time a brilliant and tactful Ambassa dor in Moscow it may be hard for us to alibi ourselves out of a difficult situation. Mr. Hull's tactful firmness would be of in valuable assistance. In certain quarters it is even suggested that he continue as Secretary of State whUe in Moscow and be sent as a special envoy with full cabinet rank. last June, though there will be less staying power and follow-through behind the armored spearheads. At the moment, the Germans seem to be more anxious to hang on In the south than they are in the center and north, and this may indicate that, realizing their re duced effectiveness, they have de cided for the spring on an opera tion of limited objective—the Cau casus—with twin offensives through South Russia and Turkey. (Coprriiht, 1042. New York Tribune. Inc ) SB_ Macrader’s hart ane af the Urcest ataeka a( an naaal rraaariaa In Waah inrten aa wall as every day neeeaaltlea at aa mare thaa reaalar arises anywhere. Parson's AMMONIA ** 19c GoMm Yallew Cling PEACHES (lg. halves in heavy syrup) 23° Tableland PEAS (No. 3 Sieve) IS* FRESH NEW GREEN PEAS 2*. 21® SMALL RED New Potatoes 4^15* JUICY FLORIDA ORANfiES 2 d°‘ 35c Criia trlerr and Ittlin ara •vaataltiaa thli weak. Thor'ra Fall of Titaaalaai aood far rea. too. eTrak>n>Mt«kHM? ■ar* to uk tor It at •ar aaw teNrtaut. SHARP CHEDDAR CHEESE IN PORT WINE ARGENTINE GORGONZOLA MAINE LOBSTERS LIVE OR COOKED [ EACH 69* EZ-CUT HAMS (BAKED) K POUND »6$> McLemor Plant Plans Creating New Youth Crop LOS ANGELES, Calif.—I put on ' my “soot" suit with a rear pleat, with a drape shape and a stuff cuff, and went to the Trianon to twin* Mtmrr HaUnm. and sway the Jitterbug way with a new crop of Americans. The new crop is composed of defense workers —boys and girls who work their heads off in air* plane factories during the day and dance their feet off at night. They wear “soot” suits, too. That's :1ght, "soot" suits. Ill do my very best to describe a "soot" suit to you. The m»i» "zoot” suit Is made of gray and white striped mattress ticking. From about a mile away, It looks like the stuff morning coats are made of. The cuff of the trousers Is seven Inches wide. At the knee the pants measure 30 Inches. At the thigh they are 53 Inches around. The pants keep going on up until they threaten the wearer’s Adam’s apple. A coat goes with this. Quite a coat, too. It has the length, the cut, the drape, the piping and the accessories of a coat that a colored minister from Georgia would buy for the funeral of a top member of his congregation. A chauffeur, say, who always threw a buck In the plate on Sunday morning. * * * * There has been a song written about “zoot" suits. Ray Gilbert and Bob O’Brien did It. When they play this at the Trianon, and the “zoot" suiters start swinging—well, brothers, It’s like Fourth of July In a zoo with the lion and the tiger as Joint master of ceremonies. The girls wear “zoot” stilts, too. Only they don't call them that. They call them “defense drapes’* and “defense capes.” They are made of the same material and allow full freedom for Jltterbugglng. The idea of going to a place like the Trianon came to me through an article In “Life” magazine. It told of the new crop of fun seekers from defense plants. I followed this lead and asked Bob Crosby, the band leader, about It. He said he played at the Trianon. He said the Trianon, a vast armory of a place, with acres of hardwood floor and miles of beer concessions, was the night and day rendezvous of the defense workers. So I went to the Trianon with Bob. I got me a “zoot” suit and cut loose. I'm a bit old for Jltterbugglng. and the creaking of my bones could be heard over the music of the orches tra, but I stuck at It. I cut a rug with a Lockheed gal. I twisted an angle with a Douglas lassie. I sashayed with a Vega lovely. I stomped and jumped and hopped and leaped with a Consolidated honey and a Boeing beauty. At 13:30 am. I was about dead, but out of devotion to my readers, you lovely people who make It pos sible for me to earn bread and butter, I kept a-jumplng. At 13:31 Bandleader Crosby hoisted his baton, waved It a few times, and sent his band Into the Vultee swing. ■’■WWW The Vultee swing is a song written by Cro6by for the boys and girls who work in the Vultee airplane plant from 4 in the afternoon until mid night. They have to have some time to play, so they play at night. In they came, riveters, layout men, jigmakers, punch press operators, drop hammer operators, rougher op erators, girls who Inspected rivets, girls who sorted, checkers. There was Georgette de Moulin*. There was Ray Dameron. There was Barney Jackson. Thera was Rhys James. There was Irene Loeffler. Boys and girls. Working on bombers. Working on pursuits. Working on the things that finally will win this war for us. A new life for them. New hours. New entertainment. A new crop of Americans. F. Scott Fitsgerald could have taken them and brought them to life cm the printed page. "Zoot” suits. Swing bands at those hours near dawn. No natural life. Girls, boys, all thrown out of line by a Nation at war. But girls and boys accepting that fact and making the most of it. ' Nice boys with kicky feet. Sweet girls with lovely smiles, although just a little bit tired. A dollar to spend. A soft drink. A beer. A little favor. Some fuss about income tax. Uh, gonna cost us a lot of money. Some fuss about inconveniences. No tires. No silk. No this and no that. Let us fuss. Our fussing doesn't matter. Back of us, without a dime, with no luxuries to lose, no softness to trade on, stands and walks the youth of this country. As always, they’ll fight our battle. And always, they’ll win It. And then—for their reward—they’ll be able to turn to the youth that will follow them. It'a a vicious circle, yes, but a lovely one, too. (UrtrSMted br HeNsusbt Srodtesu, be.) Capt. Henderson Returns To Duty With Navy Capt. Robert K. Henderson. U. S. N., retired, for 10 years vice president of the Southern Cali fornia Newspaper Association, has returned to active duty in the in dustrial incentive division of the Office of Public Relations in the Navy Department. Capt. Henderson retired volun tarily 10 years ago after 30 years of active service. He is a native of New York State and was ap pointed to the Naval Academy from Massachusetts In 1898, graduating In 1903. During the World War he served as executive officer of the U. 8. 8. Charleston, as senior officer of the U. 8. 8. Tenadores. and as com mander of the U. B. 8. Zeelandla end U. 8. 8. Madawaske.