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C. 1.0. Will Demand
$1 Raise, Union Shop At General Motors Six-Point Program Drawn For Presentation at Contract Negotiations B? the Awociated Pr#»t. DETROIT, Feb. 5.—The United Automobile Workers (C. I. O.) an nounced today the union had drawn up six demands, including a union Shop clause and a $1 daily wage in crease, for submission to General Motors Corp. in forthcoming wage negotiations. The proposals, according to Walter P. Reuther, director of the union’s G. M. department, will be acted on Saturday and Sunday by the G. M. council, representing 190,000 work ers in 90 corporation plants. They are: 1. A wage increase of $1 a day for all employes, Including provision lor readjustment every three months based on living costs In major auto motive manufacturing centers. 2. A union shop provision whereby all employes covered by the agree ment shall become members of the union and remain in good standing as a condition of employment. New employes are to become members within 30 days after date of employ ment. Seniority Right Revisions. 3 Revision of seniority provisions “which will make for maximum use of the labor supply in national de fense and at the same time protect seniority rights.” * 4. Extension of powers of the im partial umpire to permit him to rule on and interpret all contract provi sions. 5. The corporation to grant all em ployes on the seniority list a $100 ‘Defense savings bond in lieu of va cation with pay. 6. Establishment of union plant defense and anti-sabotage commit tees in all plants. Under terms of the union’s agree ment with Genei^l Motors, which expires in April, either party may reopen negotiations on 60 days’ notice. Wage Increases Offset. Mr. Reuther said that wage in creases obtained a year ago by the U. A. W.-C. I. O. in corporation plants and amounting to 10 cents an hour "have b«m offset entirely by rising living costs.’' As for the union shop demand, Mr. Reuther said: "The U. A. W.-C. I. O. has demon strated that it is a responsible union and General Motors has had stable labor relations because of this union. "Granting of the union shop also would make possible for the union to concentrate on the war effort • * • if the union is given complete union security, we can demote our energies to the successful prosecution of the war.” No Fear for Majority. A union spokesman said the pro posal for a union shop was not predi cated on any fear that the union’s numerical majority in General Mo tors plants would be erased by addi tional workers employed as a result of the corporation’s war expansion. The spokesman said he did not doubt that new employes would adopt the union in the same propor tion that present employes have. The union representative said that the average current basic wage rate in various assembly plants in the country was $1.10 an hour. The average basic wage rate in principal manufacturing plants was said by the union to be $1.13 an hour. Rowe Sfresses Importance Of Work Done af Rio Dr. Leo S. Rowe, director general of the Pan-American Union, com menting today on some of the less publicized achievements of the re cent Rio conference, emphasized the importance of the decision to estab lish a commission on continental defense at Washington. The resolution providing for this commission, to be composed of mili tary and naval representatives of the American republics, is out standing, Dr. Rowe said. He added: “Quite as important as this mili tary measure are the many resolu tions providing for the protection of the economic and financial structure of the countries which are members of the Pan-American Union. “The plans thus formulated are destined to have far-reaching In fluence both on the present and the future relations of the American republics. They tend to set up an American political and economic system prepared to withstand the shock both of the war and the post war periods.” Mass Will Be Offered In Memory of Priest A solemn requiem mass will be sung at 10 am. Saturday in St. Stephen’s Church, Pennsylvania av enue and Twenty-fifth street N.W., for the Rev. George B. Harrington, for 14 years pastor of the church, who died January 7. The “month’s mind mass’’ will be offered by the Rev. Alonzo J. Olds, pastor of St. Augustine’s Church, assisted by the Rev. Joseph J. Leary, director of the League of the Little Flower and pastor of St. Louis’ Church, Clarksville, Md., dea con. and the Rev. George F. Shank of St. Edward’s Church, Baltimore, subdeacon. Msgr. Edward P. McAdams, pastor of St. Joseph's Church, will preach. The Rev. Niles T. Welch, adminis trator of St. Stephen’s, is in charge of arrangements. House Approves Bill To Compensate Bidder 2y tt-e Associated Press. The House has passed a bill to pay the National Heating Co. of the District $8,61333 for losses resulting from what the concern said was a typographical error in submitting a bid for construction of a central heating plant at Langley Field, Va. The company bid $33,900 on the Job, neglecting to include $10,000 for the price of a boiler. The committee reported the payment of $8,61333 would compensate the company only for its actual loss on the contract, making the total cost to the Gov ernment $42,513.93, about $3,000 less than the bid of the second lowest bidder. l FLIGHT FROM PENANG—Swept down the coast by the Japanese invasion tide, refugees arrive at Ipoh Station after fleeing their homes in and about Penang Island, on the Western Malay coast. Children remained in the railroad car. i Women gather on the station platform and throng to discuss the next move on their trek. —A. P. Wirephoto from Paramount News. American Industry Goes to War— Special Chrysler Plant Rolls Out Production-Line Tanks Measure of Quantity Output Achieved; Other Factories Being Converted for War (Fifth of a Series.) * By THOMAS R. HENRY, Star Staff Correapondent. DETROIT, Feb. 5.—Into one end of an enormous factory go sheets of armor plate. Out of the other end come olive drab tanks —the way automobiles used to come out of auto factories. This is the gigantic Chrysler Corp.’s most spectacular con tribution to war armaments to date. A few months ago the site was open country. Now, all night long, the fearsome tanks are being driven about the woods and< fields on their 75-mile tryouts be fore they are turned over to the Army. This is one way, and the simplest, to solve the tank construction prob lem-build a brand-new factory with brand-new equipment from the ground up. Any existing factory, it is almost certain, is ill-adapted for the job. Fortunately the Chrys ler Corp. got its tank order early, before Dukerque. The pattern of the tank did not fit into the ma chinery of any of its existing plants and there was no occasion at the time to cause the major disruption in normal automobile construction and in employment which a rear rangement would have involved. Machines Made to Make Parts. So the tank was treated as an entirely new product with no rela tion to the automobile. Chrysler engineers broke down the models furnished them into their smallest individual parts. A pattern of every part was made in wood, by hand. The mechanical engineers devised a machine to make each part so precisely that all of them would fall together on the assembly line. The sort of plant was planned and erected which would hold most con veniently the new machinery. The result is that here tanks are being put out “on the line.” The output is not so fast as would be that of automobiles with the same kind of setup. Tank parts are slower and more difficult to handle. Hopes of tanks coming from an as sembly line at the rate of hundreds a day, as Chryslers used to roll in pre-war days, are fantastic, the en gineers claim. But only by apply ing the same technique can there be any hope of quantity produc tion of what has been essentially a handmade article. In the Chrysler procedure, the tank parts have been strictly stand ardized. The armor plate comes from the steel foundry in almost the „ precise sizes needed to make up the body. Many of the regular automobile workers have been trained for the new jobs, especially ! the difficult armor plate working jobs. Wherever possible, designs have been simplified. Educates Engineers. The job has provided a valuable education for the engineers and mechanics for the bigger task ahead, when all their plants will be turned over to making war materials for the United States. But conversion of an existing plant into a war fac COLONIAL ANTHRACITE CO£L The Finest Money Con Buy R. S. MILLER DIAL MAT. 5178 COAL—FUEL OIL-OIL BURNERS > tory in many ways is a more dif ficult job than building a new one. All that is saved is a little time in building construction and, as one Chrysler executive expressed It, “what are four walls?” Now the last passenger automo biles are coming from the assembly line and the machinery which produced them is being dismantled and stored. The corporation faces the same problems as do the other major automobile manufacturers— designing and obtaining delivery on new machinery, training workers in the jobs of operating them. The engineers think they have mastered the job, some idea of the magnitude of which may be had from the fact that there are 3,500 blueprints, weighing 186 pounds, for one tank model. The actual construction work, they insist, has just started, with the 8,000 new tools required mostly in place. Other War Material. * The regular Chrysler factories will make some tank parts. In ad dition to tanks, aircraft parts, anti aircraft guns and all sorts of Army trucks and vehicles will take the place of passenger cars on the pro duction lines. The orders already placed amount to hundreds of mil lions of dollars. For a good many of the corpora tion’s 80,000 employes, the conver sion will mean hard times for a while. It will be necessary to lay off some employes for a short period while the new machines are be ing made and installed. So far as possible, however, the old ma chines are being adapted to new purposes and the corporation’s en gineers have made some clever adaptations of instruments designed to make automobile parts into tools for gun and shell parts. Efforts are being made, so far as possible, to obtain work which will fit the machines. In the end, although there may be some switching of jobs, Chrysler executives are confident that every employe will be taken care of in the war program and that it will be necessary to hire and train many women machine operators. Getting Up Nights Makes M«iy Feel Old Do you fool older than you are or suffer from Getting Dp Mights, Backache, Nervoue nes», Leg Fains, Dualnese, Swollen Ankles, Rheumatic Fains, Burning, scanty or fre quent passages? If so, remember that your Kidneys are vital to your health and that these symptoms may be due t# non-erganie and non-systemlo Kidney and Bladder trou bles—la such cases CTSTXX (a physician's prescription) usually glvtsprompt and Joy ous relief by helping the Kidneys flush out poisonous excess adds and wastes. Tea have everything to gain and nothing to looe la trying Cystex. An Iron-clad guarantca wrapped around each paekago secures a re fund of your money on return of empty package unless fully satisfied. Don’t take chancee on any Kidney medicine that la not guaranteed Don’t dday. Got CysSsi Cystex ^ gfisett! Nirt IMMti jnMsm. War Profits <Continued From First Page.) Carpenter said, “that for the entire period from September. 1940. until April, 1941, all of these tools were purchased by Remington with its own money and for its British and commercial production; so that if the prices paid were high, the money came out of Remington’s own pocket.” Meanwhile, the story of ship con tract profits that were considered excessive even*by a representative of the builder was in the records of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee following testimony before it yes terday. J. E. Barnes. Washington legal representative for Todd Shipyards Corp., told the committee that his company “had no right to profit” on war business, and urged Congress to reclaim by taxes certain earnings he said were excessive. His testimony prompted a demand by Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Vir ginia for an investigation “to get to the bottom” of responsibility for the profits being made by Todd. Senator Bysd contended that the witness had failed to give sufficiently "correct and detailed information to the committee.” There were two other war profits developments yesterday: Chairman Walsh of the Naval Com mittee proposed legislation which would punish war contractors who defrauded the Government, by de priving them of citizenship, in ad dition to providing a fine and im prisonment. Attorney General Biddle an nounced creation of a war frauds unit in the Justic Department under the direction of Fowler Hamilton, a special assistant to the Attorney General, to make a “searching study” of complaints of collusive bidding, false representation by con tractors, or profiteering. Mr. Biddle said the unit would prosecute those guilty when such ac tion was justified and would keep the public informed when com plaints were unfounded. Mr. Barnes appeared before the KODAK FILM DEVELOPED and PRINTED. Abe Site— • ar 8 Expaanra Ball. RITZ CAMERA 1113 and 1346 G St. N.W. BUDGET .PLAN. \bnwmh6u>paift 6th & N. Y. Avinut N.W. 3rd and H Street» N.E. "Serving the Washington Public far Over 37 Years" Maximum Ceilings In 28 Relit Cases Fixed by Cogswell Mb Landlords' Request for Increases Granted In All but Two Rent Administrator Robert 7. Cogswell fixed maximum rent ceil ings in 38 cases today, and in all but two approved landlords’ requests for increases. The tenant consented to the change in each case. In two of the petitions, the land lord asked that the rents be lowered due to the fact furniture had been removed from the units since Janu ary 1, 1041, freezing date of the control law for rents and services. All but one of the cases, including the two Involving decreases, were decided in favor of H. Grady Gore, 2100 Massachusetts avenue N.W., who represented the owners of four apartment buildings. The apart ments are the Drury, 3121 Mount Pleasant street N.W.; Rite, 1631 Euclid street N.W.; Stanley Arms, 1126 Twelfth street N.W., and a building at 021 Nineteenth street N.W. In the other case, Herbert S. Ward, Tower Building, was given permis sion to raise the rent of a property at 1814 Newton street N.W. from $65 to $110 a month. Mr. Ward stated the property was in “deplor able shape” when he acquired it last June, and that he spent $1,200 in renovating it. AH cases reported today were handled through use of special "con sent forms’’ which Mr. Cogswell drew up to expedite cases where there is no conflict between landlord and tenant. Rent increases ranging from $2.50 to $25 a month were approved in the cases handled by Mr. Gore. In 15 of the 27 petitions, the apkrtments had been changed from unfurnished on the freezing date to furnished. SmaUer increases were allowed in the other cases which involved slight remodeling. Senate committee to answer testi mony recently given before it by Chairman Truman of the Senate Defense Committee, but members questioned him closely on all phases of his company’s business. The witness contended that Sena tor Truman had confused his (Barnes’) testimony about “outrage ous” profits in the first World War with profits in the current war, but at the same time acknowledged that on some contracts those of 1940-43 had been "excessive” also. Pressed by Senator Gillette, Demo crat, of Iowa, to say who was to be blamed for this condition, Mr. Barnes said he would not admit that any one could be blamed for what had happened, but told the com mittee: "The blame will be on you men in Congress if you don’t get that money back into the Treasury by taxes in some way.” Mr. Bames said he regarded con tracts for the first few ships the company built under the defense program as providing “excessive” profits, but said these early contracts had been adjusted, and that on some ships now under contract the profit after taxes would be no more than seven-eighths of 1 per cent. He testified that a "fair analysis” would show that the company made “around 17 or 18 per cent” on its invested capital last year. "Seventeen per cent is high—sure it is,” he told the committee. However, he added, that taxes would bite into earnings; that the company probably would pay $8,000, 000 in income taxes this year. Byrd Says Public Is “Misled.’* Senator Byrd, contending the pub lic had been "misled” about war profits because they were quoted in relation to volume of business In stead of invested capital, asserted that a reasonable profit should be based on investment return, not on the amount of the contract. He asserted that Mr. Barnes’ testi mony showed Todd had an invest ment of $40,000,000; that its Gov ernment business would be $200,000, 000 this year; that profits would be 10 per cent of the gross business, producing a return of 50 per cent on the investment in addition to interest. Mr. Barnes disputed this conclu sion, asserting that 10 per cent of the cost was the most the company could make on a ship contract and that on many Jobs profits would be much lower. Jap Navy Chief, Laid Fifth-Coltn U. S. Officers Recal Poker Skill Cited in By HELEN LOMBARD. Hie commander In chief of the Nipponese fleet, who announced he intends to dictate peace in Wash ington, is familiar with the Capital of the United States. Not so many years ago, Capt. Is or oku Yamamoto was stationed here as naval attache at the Japanese Embassy and was lavishly en tertaininr American naval officers and their wives. There have been many Jap anese naval at taches who en Atalral IiaiatU. tertalned lavishly, but Yamamoto was especially remembered for the after-dinner diversions he offered. He would don a ceremonial kimono and demonstrate his skill in the del icate art of Japanese brush print. The slender hands would glide out of brocaded sleeves and produce mysterious looking characters with Incredible rapidity. Yamamoto was very proud of his mastery of the difficult art of Japanese calligraphy and would present mementos of his work to the ladies present. The smiling host, at the moment of presentation, would lisp the mes sage of friendship he had flicked onto paper. Some Were Skeptical. Some of the American officers who went to Yamamoto’s house sus pected that he had other skills be sides that of Japanese character writing. Others found It hard to believe that so much hospitality and good will could be mixed up with de ceit. Many of them concurred In 1 the comfortable belief that it did not matter much which theory about the “little Jap” was correct. Now they all agree that their artistic friend of the early thirties is a “tough proposition.” One of the first American naval officers to understand that the loyalty of a Japanese toward his own country could withstand the hospitality of Washington was small, wiry Ad miral Thomas Hart, present com mander of the Asiatic Fleet. Ad miral Hart knew Yamamoto from his Washington days and subse quently observed his work in Toklo when the Japanese naval officer was serving as vice minister of the navy. American naval officers passing through Toklo on their way to or from China always found Yamamoto LOST, BEAOGLE HOtJND. 8 months, female named Dona; brown head, white collar and belly, black back. Reward. FR. 7883. BILLFOLD, lost in Palace Theater Tues afternoon. Reward. Alex. 3068 after 6 pxn. BLACK CHANOE PURSE, eont. diamond rtnt. rosaries and small chance. Reward. Hobart 4078. BRINDLZ B08T0N BULL; child grieving for pet. Reward. Call Dupont 2142. BROWN ALLIGATOR PURSE containing nurse's cards and glasses, lost Mon.. Feb. 2. Liberal reward, wl. 7515. ME. 44X2. COLLIE, brown and white. female, answers to "Beauty," rlc. Shepherd Park, Tuea.. 10 p.m. Large reward. RA- 1800 or TA. 2800. DOG. male, dark gray and white, snail. young, wary hair, white feet, dark blue eyas, lost on Eyt street, in rear oil 111 Era «t. b.i. M reward. DOG red bone foxhound. lost ln_ vicinity Greenbelt. Md . Jan. 27. Francis R- Clark. Berwyn: %6 reward._ ° GOLD PIN. with rhlneitona, imitation rubles in center, eentimental value: gen erous reward. AD. 7086. KERRY BLUE. male, soft coat with bluish tinge. Reward. Cidl North 5938. LADY'S TAN WALLET. Initials A. R ”: between Garfield Hospital and 3010 Wla. ave. n w„ between 8:15 and 8:30 p.m. Wednesday. Uberal reward. Ordway 1249. PIN—Small gold and diamond poodle-do« pin; lost between F st. and Mayflower, sen timental attachment. Reward. AD. 6221. POLICE DOG. black and gray. male, small growth on back. 12 years old. Reward. Emerson 1028. WALLET, near Bhorebam. Monday night; J20 cash. Oovemment check, auto license. Tinder please keep money, but return wallet and contents to M. TUden. 1917 Blltmore st. n.w._6* WHEEL SHIELD. Cadillac, dark green. right side. Please call Dr. W. A. Shan non. Georgia 3206.______ WILL PERSON who took by mlsUkt dark gray overcoat with gloves and 2 sets or keys in Docket from ths Bet head a Hot Shoppe Sunday night bet. 9 and 10 p.m. pleasa return to owner. M. P. Broadwater, Frederick, Md.? phone 709. REWARD. WIRE-HAIRED TERRIER, male: D. C. tag No. 116P. Reward. Call Dupont 6068. WRIST WATCH, lady's Oruen: between 7400 and 8400 blocks Georgia Wed nesday. Reward. Phone Georgia 6642. WRIST WATCH, lady's. Hamilton. Liberal reward. Michigan 8675. WRIST WATCH, engraved on back: ra ward. Phone Woodley 0845. POUND. BRING OR REPORT ABANDONED. STRAY ANIMALS to Animal Protective Association. 8800 Wheeler rd * e. AT, 7142. Frtgeai faculties limited to that class only. See us ond save from 10% to 25% on latest model spinets, grands, consoles, small uprights of standard makes. Cash or terms. Also bargains in used pionoe—uprights, $25 to $75; spinets, $125 up; grands, $195 up. We are ex clusive local ogents for Cable Nelson, Everett and other fine pionoe. PIANOS FOR RENT ... PHONE REPUBLIC 1590. PIANO SHOP 1015 7lli Sr. N.W. «r Piano Shop 1015 Seventh St, N. W. i I AT BEDVCED PRICES! - - ’ -•;v- ..— . Sale of Discontinued Models Maytag....$55 ABC.$49 Apax.$47 Crosloy... $45 Thor..... $45 Price Includes Filler Hose Pump Very Easy Terms 014 WMkin to Tr»4t mt« aim. as Aide Here, nn Groundwork I Yamamoto's Cunning; Hart's Report amiably aware of their presence. Ha entertained them all and never failed to talk humbly about poor Japan, so Inferior in naval strength and "being maligned by war alarm ists in America." The war mongers should know that Japan would never dare measure herself against the American giant. Organised Fifth Catmnn. American officers now stationed in Washington smile at these memories, for it is known now that it was Yamamoto himself who laid the groundwork for the fifth column organization In Hawaii and on the West Coast. The work began while he was serv ing as naval attache In Washington. His numerous and very busy assist ants were shutting back and forth between Honolulu and other parts of Hawaii. The naval Intelligence In Washington was not entirely com fortable about the state of affairs, but could do nothing about It. The Congress which refused to fortify Guam for fear of Irritating Japan was not providing funds for follow up work on the movements of the extremely active and much traveling Japanese attaches and agents. In the file of the Navy Department, however, is a long and complimen tary report on the caliber and quality of Admiral Ernest King’s opposite number, Admiral Yamamoto. One of the most telling comments in the personality sketch of the artistic Jap anese naval officer is the summary of Asiatic Commander Tommy Hart: "Yamamoto is the outstanding Japanese naval officer because he plays poker so well. He knows when to take a chance, but never bluffs without a pair in hand.” (ItelMMd by th« Bell Syndicate. Inc.) Princess Offers Home In Hawaii to U. S. O. B) the Associated • HONOLULU, Feb. 5.—Princess Abigail Kawananakoa, one at the last representatives of Hawaiian royalty, offered her spacious coun try home near Honolulu yesterday to the United Service Organizations for use as a rest and recreation cen ter for service men. Princess Kawaiymakoa formerly was Hawaii's Republican national commltteewoman. She is the mother in-law of Clark Lee, Associated Press reporter with United States forces on Batan Peninsula. PAINT FOR EVERY PURPOSE MUTH7IO ttSft COAL HASIM-Sir Bettor mta rath at Maher artoa 2 Yards for Quick Dtlrvtry IMt Iba. to the tea Brarr Peaat Mhmt ta Bare to Tsar Bia at Na Extra (ham BLACK DIAMOND—Blfeatiaew Hart Street*re, Llaht Sueke. Era Bias, 55.55; 75% Laua. 58.25 : 55% Laua, (7.75. Laua aat Pina Caal kacret aaaaratolr. MARYLAND SMOKELESS —A Bltauiaaaa Caal with litUe Suakt, Seat ar Gas. Era 81a*. llt.tKi 80% Laua. 55.25; Nat Rise. 515.25. VIRGINIA HARD COALS Err 6 la*. 515.55: Store. 515.75: Nat. 515.75; r**, 55.25; Satola) Store (hall Store aat Pea). 51*00. POCAHONTAS OIL TREATED Law a Ik. Mrhaat crate Mtauiaeai. Err She. 511.75; Star*. 511.551 Nat, 515.55; Pea, 55.45. PA. HARD COALS Alarka Naccet Aathraclto—Store, 515.75: Nat. 513.75; Pea. S1LB5; Baekwhaat, 515.55. All caalt tksrearklr re aereeaet aat rearaateet. Wa DaUrer H-Tea Ortan. DIAL NA. SSS5 or Jackaon 2555 OEPEES TAKEN DAT OB NIGHT. MONEY FOR EVERY PURPOSE NO CO-SIGNERS BANTZJS DISCOUNT 724 9th N.W. RE. 0550 FLOOH DEM OISTBAT0I2 FLUID HEAT OIL BURNERS And Heating Bailart N«r flwmilM M Mratkly fimnll On l« AmmtM ImnWitt* Om-4*t imtnllnHnn On diaplmy ml 139 12th St. N.E* L P. Steuart ft Bre., Om« t am: f f P.M. PIANOS FOB BENT Choose from the largest selection in the city— grands, spinets, consoles and uprights of many fine makes. Very reasonable rates payable monthly. Telephone NAtional 3223. 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