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Cheerful, Humorous Valentines Will Be Welcomed by the Men in Service Fat Cupids and Lacy Frills Replaced by Gay Verses Saying 'You’re Tops!’ Although the Idea Dates Back To the Crimean War, Today’s Cards Are Very Different By Helen Vogt Poor old St. Valentine would never recognize those squares of paper that bear his name, not in these days he wouldn't. It seems that the state of the world which has left its mark on everything from your sweet tooth to your Sunday driving is also at work on the valentine situation. To be sure, there still are plenty of the lacy, sentimental, cupid-studded greetings, but this February 14 seems destined to be the day upon which the military influence will take its toll. Valentines for soldiers are selling like hot cakes, as well they should, and the designers have done their very best to supply amusing, cheerful cards for the men in service. Of course, it’s not a new idea, this theme of valentines for soldiers. As far back as 1855, during the Crimean War, British soldiers were receiving greetings from people at home. These cards usually consisted of a typical lithograph of the period with dark greens and reds hand colored, and many of the illustrations were movable. For example, the one pictured on the page today has a hinged arm which, when a tab is pulled, makes the soldier salute. The Crimean War brought Florence Nightingale and the beginning of the Red Cross. It also heralded the start of military valentines. When next heard of, the military valentine was going out to soldiers in our own Civil War, 1861-^ 1865. The trend in illustrations was, for some reason, toward dog char acters with movable heads, and to ward verses with a slightly satirical flavor. Immediately after the Civil War, cards such as the third shown In our photograph were used, pic turing victims of the war, can teen workers and others. In the First World War, the fashion was for small valentines, simple In design and verse, and bear ing red and blue hand-coloring. Closely akin to the cards we know today, they managed more of the “light touch” than did those of previous wars. And so the trend has come down to the present day and the present war. Valentines that soldiers will receive this year will be light and humorous, designed to keep up morale even while signifying that the folks back home are full of love and concern and thoughtfulness. This season's models are delightful, often whimsical and sufficiently “romantic” to carry out the spirit of the occasion. As a matter of fact, the cards for soldiers and sailors and other men in service are by far the most interesting of the selection. Though there are others, ranging from those which make use of •'darling,” “sweetheart” and other endearing terms to cruel ones which are tactfully called “comic valentines,” they look more or less like the ones that John Public has been sending and re ceiving for years. It would be a fine idea to decide that you'll send a card to every friend in the service this year. It doesn't mean that you'll casually send word of your undying devo tion to everyone, for it's popular to choose the most friendly cards with a sentiment that indicates the recipient is a “swell guy.” We know how much pleasure the boys got out of their Christmas cards, and we think they’ll feel just as happy about a deluge of valentines. Of course, if you’re a service man's “big pi°nient,” there's no reason why you can’t go in for a nice, fat, “mushy” card that he can sigh over. Rabbits Help Relieve Meat Situation In England The rabbit is doing its bit for England, according to Virginia Cowles,, foreign correspondent, who recently returned for a few months in this country. She declared that every one who has a bit of lawn is keeping rabbits that are obliging enough to find their own food and that multiply so fast that they are helping out the scanty meat ration. Conversation in England naturally gives food an important place and those who are lucky enough to own cows compare the output of milk and boast when milk pails are brim ming over. Many previously green lawns are now devoted to vegetable growing and berry bushes are con sidered the most beautiful shrubbery. Wall Tints Successful Apply Paint Only Over Old Paper That’s Not Cracked or Scarred By Margaret Nowell Dear Miss Nowell—Can you tell me how to finish the stairs in my hall? The floor is oak in the lower and upper hallway and the stair treads and risers are unfinished wood but look like pine. The hand rail is of hard wood and the up rights are square cut of unfinished wood. Should this all be stained, all painted, or what would be the best combination of paint and stain in a hallway with papered walls and oyster white woodwork?—T. A. Answer—'The risers, the palings under the hand rail and the trim at both sides of the stairs should be painted. The treads should be stained to match the floor above and below in the hall. The hand w Strictly Feminine Design For ’After Dark’ Hours .1505-.fi. By Barbara Bell Frankly feminine and enchanting ly young with its billowing, ribbon banded skirt, here is a frock for the gay side of your life. There is some thing soft and lovely about the neckline cut to a low V in front, the waistline is not much more than a handspan, girdle shaped in front with sash ends which tie in back. Then the skirt, with or without ribbon bands, swirls when you are dancing—is gracious when you sit or stand. If you are anticipating many a good time ahead, Pattern 1505-B is one to send for without a day’s delay. For while this dress creates a dashing effect, it is not the least bit difficult nor expensive to make. You will find this style just right in any stiff material—taffeta or faille or rayon poplin. Or if you are in the South or are making a wardrobe for the South it 1* lovely in organdy, gique, sharkskin or voile. f* Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1505-B is designed in sizes 11,13, 15, 17 and 19. Corresponding bust measure ments 29, 31, 33, 35 and 37. Size 13 (31), with short sleeves, requires 4V4 yards 39-inch material and 7 yards ribbon. For fresh, new sewing ideas con sult the Fashion Book, our complete catalogue of simply made styles for spring. Your copy is her# waiting for you. Send 15 cents for it today. X tt* &$&£>, >'N >>:= & * ' *; .-• -•>>•:■'■<■}*». 'I* x*-- •<• $?•>><,>' . ; v;. \ :•; w:: <*}/, i-4 • •<;• -■:<< ■• \ .■:; ;■■■:->V '< ■#"ttfiX-: i:'- '•■■■<•• -■*., ■ w x-<#> x* -■&■■:'' < »>«— tv twt tn .* V>> Maaa «•••* •«*«» Ttflw<V<tM«ll>WI »*« atettMaail Mr« am: / JR* A ■***•$*/*> ** *■ ;>: &Mfe«&'i«*> $*<♦•■'^vmw&w*-fwwk Ifai ftt Vttli M&\*f*.**im w '' v* <tw«« fttitfte^Ay •: ', • SkiaV*(«n!rii<e ia juat to Sksir w -my mWjr'&i ever dwtl Ani. here at kcmc or «w*~ tkerc J fiy tkau^ttajo witk^ou evtrywker* fej 4C»>dinjy^.> 4»L» > .VALEH'S iNE. . «! Of*'#4 vfhEe tvi’tkM > TksL-J. j~# are for ( Evwy ws? ; j Stftn* WftViy.t fSrjiwj • •:• ' ':' ••> • ' • '■ • §8* .•:'• c«M4*.W 1 The idea of valentines for soldiers has been in practice since 1855, but the form of the greeting today little resembles the original. In the top row (left to right), a card sent to a soldier in the Crimean War, a greeting to a Civil War fighter and a post war message to a canteen worker with a conspicuous wooden leg. Below, the cards at left and center were popular during the First World War, and, finally, that at extreme right is the type of humorous, cheerful valentine going out to men in service today. rail should be stained to match the floors or may be done darker to simulate mahogany or walnut. If you prefer, both the treads and risers on the stair may be stained so that the whole staircase will match your floors. Dear Miss Nowell—I am inter ested in the paint that may be put on over wallpaper. Is this really satisfactory, and may wallpaper be put on over the paint at a later date if desired?—B. L. • Answer—This paint is entirely satisfactory if the paper is not wrinkled or cracked or otherwise scarred. In other words, if the walls which are papered are merely faded or soiled or are an unpleas ant color, the wall tint works very well. It is not possible to repaper over the paint, though It will take another coat of paint nicely. It usually Ja.necessarv to scrape the walls after two applications of either paper or paint, so that item should not trouble you. Dear Miss Nowell—I am especially fond of a wallpaper pattern which is a large floral design and I am sure It is too opulent for my bed room, which is fairly small. How could I use this in panels or in some way that would not close the room in?—F. C. E. Answer—You might use your pa per on the window wall and the one opposite It, and paint the other two walls a color that will "pick up” one of the softer shades in the wall paper design. Keep the paint soft and shadowy rather than bright, and it will give you a larger effect in the room. If you prefer, you may use the paper on only one wall and then use motifs of the floral pattern on window valances or In wall spaces on the opposite wall. Dear Miss NoWell—I have re moved the paint from four old Hitchcock chairs and, finding that I like the unfinished wood better than the painted surface, I would like to keep them that way. How would you suggest that I treat the wood, and is there any way to put the stencilled motif back on as It was before?—S. C. R. Answer—After you have smoothed up the wood surface with very fine sandpaper you may apply a stencil pattern and then wax the whole thing. It would be difficult to make the stencil stick if you did the wax ing first. You may buy stencil patterns at most of the art supply stores or you may cut your own according to what you remember of the original design on the chair. The art stores will also advise you as to the proper paint and the stippling brush for applying it. Note to H .H — By all means take a gift, something that both husband and wife will enjoy. You may make It a combination anniversary and “bread and butter” gift so that it h# doubly welcome. Manners of the Moment When it comes to these defense jobs I believe tn sitting down and figuring out what you can do best before you barge down to offer your services for any little thing. If, for example, you are the kind who al ways faints at the sight of blood and who never could learn to handle a bandage no matter how long you tried, why not admit it? Why not offer to make coffee and fry eggs? From what I hear some women, in their desire to do something for their country, are clumsily prepar ing to gum up the whole works. I’m not trying to dampen the ardor. I'm all for the ardor. But I d like to see women show up in their best light right now. And it would seem to me a good idea for a girl to write out a list of the things she knows she can do before she runs down to some crowded office to offer to do "Just anything.” JEAN. Common Cold • Dangerous Ailment Average Child Has Three Per Year; None Immune By Lettice Lee Streett The commonest cause of sickness in babies and children is that mis erable upper respiratory infection known as "a cold." This malady is caused by invading organisms whose lengthy names are hard to remem ber, but whose troublesome effects very much concern you when you or your children are attacked. The average child has about three colds each year, but some young sters, such as those whose tonsils need removing, suffer with more. The thing to remember is that a child, or any one for that matter, who catches a cold, does so because he has come into contact with a germ, and therefore the BEST MEANS OP PREVENTION IS TO AVOID INFECTED PERSONS. it is wrong to think that a hardy child, who may be accustomed to cold showers and to sleeping In a frigid room, Is Immune to colds because here, again, the fact Is that a cold is an infection. The strong est bodies are sometimes unable to repel the direct onslaught of a virus. It is equally erroneous to believe that a child, or any one, is immune from a cold directly after he has recovered from one. True, however, is the fact that a well-nourished child who receive* sufficient quantities dally of the two fat soluble vitamins A and D (found most highly In cod-liver oU, for ex ample), Is less subject to colds than Is the malnourished youngster who Is deprived of these two vitamins that are so essential to the growth and development of the young. One of the greatest hazards In the spreading of colds is encountered in the really deplorable habit of some teachers who do not insist upon Isolating, or sending home, any pupil who has sniffles, or a cough, just because she thinks that the child only has a slight cold. Well, a slight cold is as dangerous to the sufferer, and to others, as any other kind! An equal menace is the mother who allows her child to go to school when he shows definite evidences of an approaching cold. This is a very unmotherly and thoughtless action; unmotherly because it en dangers her own child and thought less because it exposes other young sters to the infection. Muffin Batter Chopped or thinly sliced dried apricots and prunes (both uncooked) added to muffin batter, steps up the mineral content. Unusual Dish Chopped ripe olives added to es calloped com makes an unusual dish for luncheon, supper or dinner serving. Diluting Soup Diluting a can of condensed soup with milk in place of water makes it better flavored and more nour ishing. Dorothy Dix Says — Mother-in-Law Is Asked for Help Yet Is a Subject for Censure One of my correspondents thinks that mothers-ln-law are a much maligned class and that Instead of being trouble-makers, as they are popularly supposed to be, and first aids to divorce, as statistics assert they are, In reality they are min istering angels who are not properly appreciated by the ungrateful men and women their children have married. "Who.” she asks, "is the one who is called upon to pinch-hit in every emergency in her children’s house holds? Who is called upon to sub for the trained nurse when there is a new baby in the family? Who has the children dumped on her when the young parents want to take a vacation? "Who steps into the breach and brings order out of chaos when the wife is sick, the maid has left, the husband has extra work to do at the office; little Mary has the sniffles and Johnny has mashed his toe, there is nothing fit to eat in the house and three days’ dishes stack ed in the sink? Who can always dig down in her pocket and find a little money to help out with the biUs when times are hard? Who teaches the children Bible stories and instills In their infant minds about all the instruction they ever get in old-fashioned moralities? "Isn’t it the mother-in-law? You said it. When everything is going all right and they are riding high and handsome, her ln-laws may consider mother-in-law a nuisance to have around the premises, but when they get in a Jam they send an SOS call out for her, and she always answers it and comes to the rescue. "So when I hear young wives say ing how they dread their mothers in-law and young husbands acting like early Christian martyrs because Sally’s mother Is going to come and pay them a visit, I feel like telling the poor simps how lucky they are, and that If they only knew It the chances are the best thing they got out of marriage was their mother in-law.” All of which is even so. but It does not alter the fact that the ln-law relationship is a ticklish job to handle and Is best worked by re mote control. This goes double for the mother-in-law and explains why, if she wants to be happy her self and to be placed upon a pedes tal by her children and their spouses, she should never, never, never go to live with them. There are many reasons why a mother-ln-law. even though she be a saint on earth. Is almost always a discordant note in the house hold. The primary one is that nearly all young husbands and wives are more jealpus of their husbands’ and wives’ mothers than they are of any gigolo or siren. They cannot endure the thought STAY SLIM When tempted bp fattening foods, drink delicious, satis* fping STEERO Bouillon, instead. "A, cube makes a cup.” st aU groctrs 10* DINNER SET COUPON This Coupon, together with 57c, entitles the holder to this week’s Parisian Center Dinnerware Offer, Unit 15, at any Redeeming Station, consisting of 1 UTILITY BOWL AND 2 FRUITS NOTE: Ton may also use this Coupon to get last week’s Unit upon the payment of 57e for each Unit. Mail Orders: Send 15e additional on each Unit for mailing and handling within lM-mile radius, to LA MODE CHINA CO. ill Sou Hi St. Baltimore, Md. that any one has more Influence over their mates than they have. So when John innocently remarks that “Mother thinks we had better do so and so.” or Mary says “Mother says,” it starts a row that often ends in divorce. Nor are young husbands and wives jealous alone of their mother-in law's influence. They are jealous of her personally. Why young people with kind hearts and tender sym pathies and good sense should ex pect their mates to cease loving their mothers the minute they are married, no one knows. But only too often they do. All of us know of dozens of cases of wives whey have weaned their husbands com pletely away from their mothers, and of husbands who get as green eyed over their wives going to see their mothers as if they were keep ing rendezvous with some handsome stranger. As for the standard grievance against mothers-in-law—that they interfere in their children's affairs when they live together—that is inevitable. No highly skilled pro fessional can watch an untrained amateur bungling a job without offering a word of advice. Nor can any woman who has been busy all her life be content to just sit still and twiddle her thumbs. She is bound to stick her fingers in her children's pies, and this leads to friction and trouble, human na ture, and especially feminine human nature, being what it is. Hence, if mothers and their children and their in-laws desire to admire and love each other, Jhey should keep their distance from each other. At close range they see each other's faults and peculiarities too plainly. I yield to no one in my admira tion for mothers-in-law. I think they are oftener martyrs than pests. I have seen them endure insults and contumely from the men and women to whom their children were married with a patience that quali fied them for sainthood. I have seen them enslaved and turned into despised domestic drudges by their in-laws. I have seen them sacrifice themselves in trying to protect their children from brutal husbands and wives. And I have thought that in all the world there was no lot harder or more difficult to fill than that of the mother-in-law. Pity women. Especially mothers-in-law. Reciprocity Needn’t Be Expensive To Refuse Hostess’ Hospitality Will Prove Nothing By Emily Post Dear Mrs. Poet: I feel that the time hr.s come to say “no" to some well-to-do friends of mine who so frequently Invite me to their house to meals that I am embarrassed. I like them very much but I live In a single room and cannot afford to invite them out to a nice restaurant. I don’t want them to feel that I have grown tired of them and cer tainly I don’t want to hurt their feelings. But I do feel that I have to begin refusing their invitations or lose my self-respect. Answer—Your repeated refusing will prove nothing except that you have become bored. If it is true that you have not enjoyed going to their house you shouldn’t have gone so often. But since this is probably not true, your reasons for snubbing their hospitable impulses are sense less. As I wrote only the other day, there are plenty of ways to return hospitality without doing what you can’t afford. You can find—if you look—any number of gifts at the S and 10, where, I can say truth fully, several of my own most pleas ing possessions were found. A small itriped silk bag, lined with oil silk, meant for powder but used by me for short ends of the black wax pencils I write with, goes with me every time I broadcast. Also a pen cil sharpener that looks like a small block of Jade. “A collection” of a few gadgets such as these would be amusing and welcome. Or perhaps you could take the wife a small box of very good candy once in a while, or per haps ask them both to a movie. Couldn’t you? Dear Mrs. Post: I have a white chiffon evening dress with shirred bodice and shirred sleeves. I had every Intention of wearing this dress at » young cousin's wedding which will be in the evening, with recep tion following at home. My sister thinks that it is Out of place for any one except the bride to wear white. She says people who custom arily wear white in the evening re frain from so doing on the bride's day. Answer—Even though her bridal veil will conspicuously set her apart from any number of other white dresses, it is considered courteous to refrain from wearing an all white dress to a wedding. But why not add some color to your dress? Colored flowers, for example, or col orful costume jewelry would com pletely change its effect of unre lieved white. Mrs. Post is sorry she can no longer answer personal letters. She is glad, however, to have many printed slips on a variety of subjects to offer to her read ers. Today's slip is “Answers to 35 Questions Asked in ‘An Eti quette Test." Be sure to send a 3-oent-stamped, self-addressed envelope with your request to Mrs. Post, In care of this paper. Leaflets cannot be mailed un less self-addressed envelope bean correct amount of postage. Coughing Here’s Easy Time-Tested Way To Get Relief Get after those distressing spells of coughihg and ease misery of the cold the widely used Vicks way...Boil some water. Pour it Into a bowl. Add a good spoonful of Vicks VapoRub. Then breathe In the steaming medicinal vapors. With every breath you take VapoRub’s medication soothes Irritation, quiets coughing, helps clear head and breathing pas sages. FOR ADDED RELIEF...At bedtime rub Vicks VapoRub on throat, chest and back. Its poul tice-vapor action works to bring i you comfort while you sleep. , PEBECO PETE SAYS: fH/FOUCSfX *WHYSPENP MORE MOW, FOR LESS | POWER? Family Jumbo tin of Pebeco Tooth Pow der gives you 75% more for your money than the average of 4 other leading brands. And it’s equally efficient. A gritless, work manlike modern dentifrice to keep your teeth bright* FACTUAL SIZE A,W* ONLY ^ *M't0* w; By Dorothy Murray An innovation in twecsers are tha , ones with scissorlike handles. These are excellent for removing superflu ous hair and extremely easy to use. They’re decorative, too, made of metal with the bright-colored han dles . . . Send out your soiled household linens in specially made laundry bags of durable fabric. These con tainers with sturdy drawstring tops can be laundered with no ill effects on their green, red or blue trim ming . . . Save space by hanging a folding.)' shoe-rack made of wooden rods and' heavy cord on your closet doo& This Ingenious-arrangement hold! from 8 to 12 pairs of shoes . . . “Dress up” the boudoir for spring with an ensemble consisting of quilted bedspread, vanity skirt, val ance and drapery all of the same material. The set will add charm to the room and, of course, may be secured in almost any color . . . Neat way to carry your knitting yarn is In a container made of small plastic strips held together with bands of ribbon. The gadget which is collapsible is small enough to carry in a knitting bag, and its real purpose is to keep spools of yarn free from tangles. Comes In all pas tel tones and in bright multi-col ored styles as well . . . Give the bowling enthusiast a log book covered with red, black or brown simulated leather. Inside are loose-leaf pages with typical sheets to show your score and the standing of the teams . . . An interesting item for the kitch en is a slotted spoon made of stain less steeL It’s ideal for lifting hot vegetables from the pans without taking up too much of the juice, and it also can double as a mixing spoon . . . "Breakfast for two” sounds like the title of a song, but if that's your theme carry it out with a “You and Me” set, consisting of a wooden tray with two double egg glasses and small salt and pepper shakers . . . It is smart to have personalized handkerchiefs, but you must allow 10 days for them to be mono grammed in gay contrasting col ors ... Gay pot holders that bid you “good morning” and "good night'' are very inexpensive and unusual... With every adult's attention fo cused on the armed forces, it is only natural that the small boy in the family will want to “play sol dier” and be commander of his our “men.” Get him a complete miniature army consisting of metal soldiers, tanks, cannon, cooking equipment, flashing signals, etc. The individual items are Inexpensive, and you can enlarge his "command'* on various occasions . . . Book ends made of light wood, with cut-out initials attached, go well in a modern room. Almost all letters of the alphabet are avail able In the supply . . . Letters from friends: "Enlivens jaded appetites" *T enliven the jaded appetite* ol my family by earring McCormick Tea. Its flavor and refreahing fragrance banish fatigue. It's the tea supreme." —Mr*. Walter N. Cr«wtord, Penn. Peeked is ortofe. flimr-tlght tatrtekwe ■ ALL SIZES OF TEA AND TEA BAGS hOmfiL 4duW OjuuSaXa* uwtgyvttA UMAk\foacfo GRACIE ALLEN’S &*pVope Swan's tho soap For silks and you And baby, dishes, Woodwork, too. * e Well, my suds, and so forth, want * soap that’s 8 ways better than old> style floaties? Want a floatie that suds twice as fast? Try SWAN I 4 Tun* in every week: orach Altai OCOROS BURNS • RAW WHfTIMAN } — NEW WHITE FLOATING SOAP LBV BA B AOTHEAB COMPANY, CAMSAIDCB, MACS,'