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With Bandar Mamina Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. WASHINGTON, D. C. TUESDAY-February It, 1941 The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Main Offlce: 11th 8t. and Pennsylvania Ave. New York Offlce: 110 East 42nd Bt. Chicago Offlce: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. _ , Secular Edition. k Evening and Sunday 75c per mo. or 18e per week 32?* Evening star—46c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star . 10c per copy _ , Night Final Edition. ’ ?Lnal, *2? 8und«y ®lar — 85c per month Night Final Star 60c per month S_ Uaral Tube Delivery. • Jjt?1,11* *';d Sunday Star... 85c per month I £Jar-55c per month Couectioni made at the end of each month or phono^Natlonai^Ioop'1*7 *» *nt by mal1 01 te!e Rate by Mall—Payable In Advance. l*}jr »nd Sunday-1 yr.. *12.00: 1 mo.. *1 00 ISrJ..0I^!.r-Jyr" f8 00; 1 mo- 75 c •UDdty only--lyr. $5.00; 1 mo., 60c Mitered aa second-class matter post office. Washington. D. C. Member of the Associated Press. Yho Associated Press is exclusively entitled to !“•.}“* *°r republication of all news dispatches *r*d'ted to I* or cot otherwise credited in this W*r.JK? ai*° loc.al news Published herein. Publication of special dispatches herein aI*o are reserved. Signs and Symbols The action of the House yesterday, banning the use of Office of Civilian Defense appropriations for “frills,” was in a sense meaningless. For the criticized frills, such as employment of dancing teachers and movie actors, have been financed out of other funds, not included in the O. C. D. appropriations voted by Congress. But in another sense the action of the House was full of meaning. It reflected very accurately the wave of popular indignation against the use of public funds for many of the fancy and wasteful furbelows, which have cluttered up the Office of Civil ian Defense since its creation and which have overshadowed and con fused Its really vital functions. In relation to other things, the employment of a lady dancer by O. C. D. and the acquisition of yet an other Hollywood movie actor—with or without pay—to direct another useless activity, undoubtedly have been overemphasized by the press and by the protesting Congressmen. But the lady dancer and the movie actor were merely the symbols of the sort of misdirected effort with which the American people, taking this war far more seriously than some of their leaders, are thoroughly sickened. This war is a serious business. The future of our homes and our country is at stake. It is not a war In which victory is guaranteed. It is a war that is going to require everything we have to win. And it is time that the administration and Its advisers realized that people will sac rifice everything they have for a eause in which they believe, provided those at the top keep faith with them. When those at the top lean on Donald Duck to sugar-coat the pay ment of income taxes or lady dancers properly to instruct the children, they are guilty of a breach of faith with the people. And the people, sensing the stark reality of what lies ahead of them, properly resent this eheap, artificial pampering and want no more of it. Significant Contrast An Interesting contrast in indus trial philosophies has come out of the Detroit? meeting of the C. I. 0. union representatives from ninety plants of the General Motors Corpo ration. The meeting was called to launch the drive of the United Automobile Workers for a union shop at Gen eral Motors and wage increases of a dollar a day. The total cost of such wage increases, it is estimated, would be $90,000,000 a year, which, of course, ultimately would be passed on to the taxpaying public, and which would tend to obstruct the Govern ment’s efforts to prevent inflation. It is not so much the character of the union demands that* attracts attention, however, as the atmos pheric background for their presen tation which was supplied by R. J. Thomas, president of the auto work ers’ union. Mr. Thomas had little to say by way of justifying the union demands. Instead, he fell back on a sweeping denunciation of industrial ists in general and William S. Knud sen in particular, charging them with disloyalty to the Government and with being more concerned with ad vancing their own selfish interests than with winding the war. Just what these alleged shortcomings of industry representatives have to do with the union shop and wage de mands is not clear, unless Mr. Thomas was acting on the theory that any union proposal, however unreasonable, can be cloaked with validity by the simple expedient of bombarding industrialists and “big business” with invective. This attitude of the union presi dent stands in marked contrast to that of C. E. Wilson, president of General Motors, who also appeared before the union delegates. Mr. Wilson’s appearance marked the first time in the history of the automobile Industry that a top executive had attended such a union meeting. For tome two hours he discussed statis tics on employment trends with the union heads and urged full co-opera tlon in speeding war production. On leaving, Mr. Wilson said he was con vinced the company and the union had “more things in common than they did in conflict.” This is indicative of an approach to the various problems of industrial relations which is a hopeful augury for the future. Certainly it is better to seek some common meeting ground than to employ tactics which serve no better purpose than to stir up distrust and ill will. Mr. Thomas is guilty of more than Inconsistency when he asserts that industry, but not labor, Is selfish, and then goes on to say that “I have always been interested in wages, hours and working conditions. Labor will never give up the struggle for these things.” Such statements are short-sighted as well as Inconsistent, for they reflect an attempt to keep alive old animosities at a time when the best interests of labor would be served by meeting industry half-way in an effort to subordinate old dif ferences to the paramount Job of winning the war. Mr. Wilson’s atti , tude adds to the evidence that indus try is willing. It is to be hoped that Mr. Thomas and other labor leaders will prove equally amenable. Climax at Singapore After ten days of feverish prepara tion, the “all-out” Japanese assault on Singapore has begun. Intense artillery barrages from Japanese batteries on the Malay Peninsula and massed aerial bombings by Japa nese planes heralded a large-scale landing by troops on the beleaguered island. The operation was carried out early Monday morning in the dark hours before the rising of a waning moon. The scene of the landing was the northwestern corner of Singapore Island, a thinly settled region of mangrove swamps and rubber plantations. Here, the pro tecting moat of Johore Strait is at its narrowest, averaging only half a mile wide. Simultaneously, the Jap anese occupied Ubin Island at the eastern entrance to Johore Strait, though separated from Singapore Island by a deep channel three miles wide. With the situation changing al most from hour to hour and obscured by conflicting British and Japanese communiques, the best way to vis ualize and interpret the desperate conflict is to understand the basic aspects of this strategic problem. Singapore Island is nearly thirty miles long and about fifteen broad. That Is approximately five times the size of the District of Colum bia. And this large island is sep arated from the mainland by the winding Johore Strait, some thirty miles in length and in several parts no wider than the Potomac at Me morial Bridge. The northern shore of the island along the strait is gen erally low and marshy. In the In terior the land rises to low hills. Here are located the reservoirs which supply drinking water to Singapore City, situated at the southern tip of the Island. The city has nearly 700,000 inhabitants, mostly Asiatics, and has been further crowded with refugees from Malaya. At its maxi mum, there may have been nearly 1.000. 000 people on the island, though a large evacuation of women and children to the nearby Dutch island of Sumatra and elsewhere is under stood to be taking place. The strength of the imperial gar rison defending this vital bastion of empire is a military secret, though it is supposed from British unofficial estimates to number about 60,000, while the Japanese put it as low as 20.000. Even 60,000 are none too many for the task of repelling at tacks by a foe several times as nu merous and with almost complete command of the air. But, whatever the true figure, the troops are known to be of high quality, including crack Australians, famous British and Scottish regiments, and good Indian detachments. These men have been hardened and seasoned by two months of fierce fighting in the Ma layan jungles. Japanese tactics should have no surprises for them. Their immediate problem is the annihilation of the large Japanese bridgehead established on the north west corner of the island. Doubtless other landing attempts will be made; so reserves must be held back for such emergencies. All in all, the prospect is not bright. Singapore Island is vastly more difficult to hold than Bataan Peninsula, because the terrain is more open, more extensive, and assailable at many points. If the Japanese are willing to pay the price, Singapore probably can be taken in the not-distant future. Yet, like Bataan, it already has become an episode in the vaster strategic picture of a war theater extending from India to Australia. Singapore’s fall would be no more disastrous than Japanese success in Burma or in Java. Those, too, are key points on which the larger outcome of the Japanese grand offensive depends. The Normandie When she left Havre for her maiden voyage to New York, May 28, 1935, the S. S. Normandie was the largest ship afloat. She had been built to win the Atlantic blue ribbon, and she achieved that mythical prize by averaging 29.68 knots between South ampton and Ambrose Light. A gala welcome was accorded the captain, crew and passengers. Thousands of visitors agreed that no more beauti ful vessel existed. It was declared that she represented the opening of a new chapter in the history of mer chant navigation. But even then in the hour of her glory the Normandie was a problem to her owners and operators. Her size—approximately four city blocks in length—made her hard to handle. The United States Army had to deepen the Hudson River channel to permit her to enter the dock especially prepared for her. A pier intended for her accommodation could not be finished in time. Strikes, sabotage, alleged arson and many other difficulties delayed the inau gural trip. Vibration disturbed the paying customers and those persons who made the crossing as guests of the French government were even louder In their complaints. Amer ican shipping authorities expressed their skepticism In the suggestion that the vessel was "too large for earning power.” Only 550 persons booked for the second voyage to America. Meanwhile, a hint of war developed and there was talk of converting the Normandie into an aircraft carrier or a troopship. New propellers were attached. It was announced that alterations would be ordered to elimi nate the objectionable throbbing of the frame. After six cruises the boat was laid up for the winter. When hostilities actually bega^, September 1, 1939, the Normandie was in her berth at the end of Forty eighth street, Manhattan. There she remained when the United States seized her on December 12 last. Re named the U. S. S. Lafayette, she was to be converted into an auxiliary of the American fleet. It was be lieved that after necessary changes had been completed, she would be capable of carrying between 10,000 and 15.000 troops. Her furnishings and decorations were removed to storage. The work of preparing her for defense use was being hurried as rapidly as possible. What acci dent was responsible for yesterday’s fire is not yet determined officially. Be the explanation as it may, the story of the conflagration is sad reading. Early this morning the ship, her three upper decks burned out, slowly capsized. The loss is a serious one when judged in its rela tion to the crisis in which the fate of civilization is involved. An Entering Wedge The classification of the moving picture industry as essential to the national war effort and the accom panying order for exemption from military service of irreplaceable workers In the industry has the ap pearance of being an entering wedge for the breaking down of the long standing ban on deferment of indi viduals by occupational groups. Last spring a movement was un der way to permit the deferment of medical and dental students and in ternes. Brigadier General Lewis B. Hershey, then deputy director of the selective service system, went before a Senate committee to oppose this proposal. First he called attention to the following section of the Selec tive Service Act: “No deferment from such training and service shall be made in the case of any individual, except upon the basis of the status of such individual, and again no such deferment shall be made of individuals by occupational groups.” Then General Hershey went on to say: “We believe that this principle was wisely written into the law. Previous experience of the World War and twenty years of study of that experience demonstrate that, and we believe to vary from it will open the door to a parade of indi viduals, all of them perhaps worthy —engineers, chemists, veterinarians, teachers, pharmacists, geologists, physicians, plumbers, firemen, po licemen and so forth.” If this was a sound argument against occupational deferments last spring, as General Hershey so em phatically believed, it may well be wondered by what process he now arrives at the conclusion that it should not be applied to the moving picture industry. In this connection it is possibly significant that General Hershey’s ruling was made in re sponse to a WTitten request from Lowell Mellett, one of the President’s aides, who certified that the movie industry as a civilian activity is es sential to the “national health, safety and interest, through the mainte nance of the national morale,”-and that it is also essential as a war activity. From a reading of the correspond ence in this matter it would seem that General Hershey acted solely on the basis of Mr. Mellett’s opinion, and expressed none of his own. Appar ently he preferred to disregard the expressed views of William A. Brady, veteran theatrical producer, who said: “I don’t think either screen people or theater people can be termed essential. They weren’t in the First World War, nor have they been in England during the progress of this war.” Be that as it may, the fact re mains that what amounts to an occupational deferment has been granted the movie industry. It would be interesting to know precisely why General Hershey to this extent has departed from the views he enter tained last spring. Mental Blackout Philadelphia, once Capital of the United States, has long been known as a cradle of liberty. There reposes the famed Liberty Bell, symbol of our hard-won freedom. There, if anywhere, one may expect vigilance against the enemies of liberty. Surely, if somehow a pair of Nazi naval offi cers should manage, and dare, to appear openly in uniform, complete with swastika, on its ancient streets, they would be mobbed and lucky to escape with their lives. So says theory. Fact, or near-fact, says differently. Two reporters in the City of Broth erly Love actually donned Nazi naval regalia, swastikas and all, and sallied forth to meet their fate. In heavy German accents they asked police men to direct them to the water front, crowded with vital defense shipping, and were accommodated. There they prowled at will. In fact, they did almost everything but heil Hitler, and instead of winding up in a Jail or a hospital, returned to their paper under their own power. This suggests that the most effective blackout—in reverse—is not black paper, but a mental fog shrouding the powere of observation. - * Of Stars, Men And Atoms Notebook of Science Progress In Laboratory, Field And Study By Thomas R. Henry. There are no "dumb animals.” This is the belief of Dr. Ernest P. Walker, assistant director of the Na tional Zoological Park, after years of observation of creatures of hundreds of species. All, he contends, have some means of communication between themselves. For example, he says, "a tiny pocket mouse that lived on my desk at home lor several years appeared to be entirely silent. But when I held him against my ear I found he was carrying on a rapid chattering and scolding. A little female of the same species, a temperamental spinster, had but to look at him, change her expression ever so little, and he would be almost cowed. I am satisfied she talked to him most effectively.” Kangaroo rats, Mr. Walker says, gen erally are believed to be “dumb,” but when two are brought together and do not like each other they utter buzzing growls. Also one will give the same sort of a call when it is in the im mediate presence of a grasshopper mouse, its mortal enemy in the wild. “I have heard my little kangaroo rat,” he says, “utter chirps that could be heard at a distance of 8 or 10 feet. If one of these animals is held close to one's ear a series of buzzing sounds can be heard—dots and dashes in varying frequency and tempo—that must mean something to the creature who makes them. “In their deep underground dens a distinct tapping of feet or tails can be heard from outside. These sounds evi dently serve as a means of communica tion between different nest chambers within the elaborate dwelling. “My pet grasshopper mouse calls, ap parently to attract attention. The loud est of his calls can be heard by the ordi nary human ear at a distance of 40 to 50 feet. I have seen him go through the motions of giving the call when the sound was so faint or high pitched that I could not hear it when I was not more than 2 to 4 feet away from him.” The classic "dumb" animal, Mr. Walker points out, is the giraffe, but he'con tends that there are authentic records that these animals, under the stimulus of extreme excitement, utter bleating calls. » * * * Present-day man may yet be replaced by a superior life form as the ruler of the earth. This concept is advanced by Dr. James Ritchie, noted British biologist, in the annual report of the Smithsonian Insti tution. It currently is assumed In discussions of evolution, Dr. Ritchie points out, that future advance will be in the Improve ment of man himself. He may develop a superior brain. He may attain a more efficient social organization. But all this, the British biologist says. Is based on a somewhat unjustified belief that the human being represents, generally speaking, the highest attainment of Na ture, and any further achievement must be in the line of perfection of the high est pattern. “But,” he says, "step back some 180, 000.000 years to the period when the great dinosaurs dominated the earth and nothing higher than reptiles had been evolved. To themselves and to the creatures which shared the world with them they must have seemed, if they hail any self-consciousness, the crowning glory of creation. Stage by stage the evolution of the past had led to them. Nothing higher could be Imagined and evolution appeared to have reached its goal. “That could be said by their contempo raries of the highest creatures at every stage in the course of the 1,200.000.000 years of evolution, Just as it Is said of man today. A hundred million years have rolled by since the time of dino saurs, and they and all their immediate kin have disappeared forever. “Looking back over the 1.200,000,000 year vista of the steady climb of life upon the path of evolution, it seems pre sumptuous for us to suppose that man, the latest comer, is the last work or the final crowning glory, and that with his coming the great steps in evolution have come to an end. “Looking forward to the future of life oit earth it seems even more presump tuous for us to suppose that for the next 1,000,000,000 years life, so surprisingly inventive in the past, should be tied for all time to come to trifling changes like increase in brain power or better social organization for mankind. To think otherwise is to imagine that with the coming of man, so insignificant in time, the advance and inventiveness of evolu tion, steadily carried on through an un imaginable vista of years in which no trace of slackening can be perceived, has all but come to an end.” Praise for the Flag From Colombian Resident To thf Editor of The Star: Pieces of cloth of different colors sewn together, hanging from a pole. Such a simple thing, but men revere it! It is called a flag. Why should this in significant combination of cloth and pole command such reverence? There is something more than flag about the flag. There is magic in this something called the flag. One of the first cares of the Nation’s founders, its design has within it the spirit of the country. From the flag emanate all the grand qualities that make a nation great. It is a storehouse cf spiritual perfume that permeates the air and fills the mind and soul with in spiration. None commits a crime while looking at the flag. There is no melancholy among people gazing at the flag. Ob serve a group of people following the flag. Their gait is not a walk, but a march. Dangers of war threaten. The Presi dent makes a speech; the flag is un furled; to its top climbs the spirit of the Nation and. perching there, estab lishes a magnetic link between flag and people. Forward it goes; cowards per form miracles of valor. There is no turning back; whether the path leads to victory, life and glory or to death and destruction, soldiers follow the flag. There Is something more than flag about the flag. There is magic in this something called the flag. ALFRED C. CLARKE. 1 Cartagena, Colombia. THIS AND THAT By Charles E. Tracetoett. "WOODBINE 8TREET. "Dear Sir: "There is a small bird with a crest which comes to our window every day. "He is gray, and has a patch of orange beneath his wings. "Maybe you can tell me what this bird is. I have tried looking him up in a book, but I ^uess I am not very good at that sort of thing. “In school I always hated trying to identify plants and animals. I found it almost impossible. I guess my mind just doesn’t run that way. I had a school mate who could do anything along this •line. He would take a bit of a leaf and soon trace down the plant from which it came, and he was right every time. "I couldn’t tell one plant from another, even if I had the flower. "Today identification of hostile air planes seems to be the thing, and it is something most of us ought to start at right away, because we are not familiar with planes, even our own, and it must be an intensely difficult thing to spot the enemy’s, simply from having studied pictures. "Even if I am not good at identifica tion, I would like to know what the small bird described above is. Will you kindly help me out? "Very truly yours, C. O. N." m * m * The bird Is the titmouse. Right now, with spring only a few weeks off, the various birds which winter here are putting on their spring colora tions. The titmouse increases the amount of orange, or rust, in the patches of color beneath his wings. These are visible while the bird is perching or flying, but of course cannot be seen very far away. These orange patches, combined with the crest, and the smallness of the bird, easily identify it. The titmouse (which means little mouse) is more slender than the chicka dee. It is about 6 inches long, but the crest makes it seem slightly longer. • * * a This is a nervous bird, not possessing the calmness of the chickadee, its friend. Another pal is the white-breasted nut hatch. A window-sill feeder is the best place to watch the titmouse and the chicka dee. The nuthatch does not visit such feeding stations often, although now and then he will. He prefers a tray attached to a tree. A tree is home to a nuthatch, in a peculiar way. He likes to wind around it, mostly upside down, hence his bookish name of •'devil-down-head" * * * * A characteristic of the titmouse is its clear whistle, much as if a small boy were calling his dog. Bird Identification is not difficult, if one will keep in mind the differences, one bird from another. This Is true of all sorts of Identifica tions. Of planes, too, of which our cor respondent speaks. Consider first the birds, then the planes. (Both are planes, of course). The birds often confuse a newcomer, until he stops to underscore firmly the points, or features, which one bird has and which, equally Important, other birds do *not have. Sometimes beginners confuse the chickadee and the titmouse. This is not only because they are about the same size, and generally gray, but also because they are so often seen together. One minute a chickadee will be pres ent, then It will fly away with 1U seed, while almost at once its place will be taken by a titmouse, which wiU grab a seed and fly away. (Neither eats at the station.) But if the observer will note that one bird has a crest, and the other has not, he soon will see clearly which Is which. He will clinch his Identification of the titmouse if he notes the orange-red patches Just beneath the wings. It will be seen that’our correspondent unerringly selected the two best identifi cation marks of the titmouse, when he picked its crest and Its orange patch, but he did not know, evidently, that a chickadee has no crest, but rather what appears to be a neat black cap on Its head. * * * * The titmouse, curiously enough, makes more of a "dee-dee-dee" sound than a chickadee. It Is a wonder that more persons do not confuse the two birds on this ac count. After the differences between the two are firmly grasped, there Is no chance thereafter of the observer becoming con fused. With airplanes, It is difffferent. Most laymen, especially those in the years usually called middle age, are not aeronautic enthusiasts. They often have a vague fear of airplanes. They have asked nothing more than to be let alone by planes. Now they are told to identify utterly unknown planes of hostile forces, the very first time they see them. It Is quite a task, this which has been handed our airplane spotters. The best thing they can do is to study the dif ferences in silhouettes. There are sev eral inexpensive booklets which show these differences in the best known types of enemy planes. The airplane spotter who knows his bird silhouettes will have a head start on him who does not. For, as we have said, birds are, after all, airplanes. They have wings, body, tail, and so on, and the observer who has noted these points, over the years, will be able to put the same kind of identifying skill at work on man-made birds or planes. Letters to the Editor Urges Reference of Production To "Know How" Leaders. To the Editor of The SUr. Will it take another Peart Harbor to bring about a real reorganization o! our war-production program? Must we wait until the great armies of China and Russia have been knocked out of the < war for lack of sufficient equipment be 1 fore we admit that American Industry cannot be fully mobilized by remote control from Washington? Our present predicament ought to be all the proof we need that we have been on the wrong track from the moment of the appointment of the original in dustrial committee—the War Resources Board—in August, 1939. Since then we have had, in succession, the rational Defense Advisory Committee, the Office of Production Management, and the Supply Priorities and Allocations Board, all with practlcaUy the same personnel and the same policy. Now we have the War Production Board, whose makeup is as much the same as that of its predecessors, but whose policy, remain! to be seen. Where do we stand now after this barrage of boards? Our output of guns and tanks and planes Is but a fraction of what we and our Allies need. Most of the war contracts have been awarded to a handful of our large firms. No war orders at all have been intrusted to most of our 184,000 manufacturing plants. Washington has become a megalosau rian city, its body all out of proportion to its brain. The staggering and un wieldly size to which it has been swollen by the Ill-considered effort to make It the Industrial, as well as the political. Capital of the Nation explains much of the confusion and congestion that have impeded war production. The way out of our predicament Is to get direction of the Industrial phase of war entirely out of Washington and into the1 hands of the men In manage ment and labor who have the know-how in the parts of the country where th# mills are located. CYRUS EATON. Cleveland, Ohio. • Proposes Staggered Hours To Solve Traffic Problem. To th« Editor of Tht Star. Every one knows how to do away with traffic congestion In Washington, or at least they seem to think they do. One proposal Is to build a subway or several subways. %With all due respect to those thinking along this line. It may be suggested that the work of construction would greatly increase the congestion and by the time the Job was done the emergency would be qver and the con gestion relaxed but the subways would remain as a colossal monument to Ineffi cient thinking. Staggered-hour reme dies are being played with. Let me advance the following as something to think about: Put a real staggered-hour remedy Into effect. First, list the agen cies In which people are employed, with the approximate number of employes. Second, divide these into two groups, each having about the same number of employes. Third, arrange for group No. 1 to report for work at 8 a.m., and group No. 2 at 9:15 a m. The above scheme, If put Into effect, would do away with most of the conges tion. The idea back of the hour-and-a quarter interval Is that the transporta tion system would be able to function effectively. It would give time for one group to be taken to work and the traffic Letters to the Editor must hear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. The Star reserves the right to edit all letters with a view to condensation. vehicles then be returned for the next group. There will be the objection on the part ol those who think only of themselves that such an arrangement would disturb home mealtime and social arrangements; but please remember that we are fighting a war Just now and extraordinary measures must be taken. Also please bear In mind that the extra bit that might thus be contributed during the period of the emergency by those behind the men behind the guns would be small when compared with the sacri fices laid on the altar of freedom by the boys at the front. The total of people to be carried and the carrying capacity and speed of traffic vehicles taken together would determine whether there should be two or three groups and whether the time Intervals between re porting periods should be an hour, an hour-and-a-quarter or an hour-and-a half. As a supplementary aid the experiment now being tried to Increase the number of persons carried by each automobile should continue. T. WARREN ALIEN. Reports Trials of Removing From Washington to Richmond. To the Editor of The Star: I am taking time off from packing my household effects to write of my experi ences as a "decentralized" employe. Re moval of the Patent Office from Wash ington was announced for the first time on December 17. Since that day in De cember it has been necessary for each employe either to look for a new job in case he wished to remain in Washington or, if he decided to move, to find living quarters in Richmond, dispose of his present home in the District of Columbia and attend to the thousand and one de tails which permanent departure in volves. It has been difficult properly to at tend to official business with so many personal problems Intruding themselves on one's mind. The result has been that the office has been “hitting on two cylin ders." Early this week the division to which I am assigned got orders to be ready to move at once. We hastily packed our records and files and got everything ready. This task required about one day. Since that time—all this week in fact—we have had to sit around twiddling our thumbs. Now we learn that we will move this coming Monday or Tuesday—one solid week of 100 per cent enforced idleness. By the time our equipment arrives in Richmond and we get settled for business, the better part of another week will have slipped away. Mr. Editor, it’s a helluva way to win a war I The Patent Office examiners are largely college-trained engineers. Most of them also have law degrees and are members of the bar. They urgently want to do their full share to win the fight we are in. They are willing to make any Sacrifice to that end. They certainly do not relish being forced to sit around idle while our soldiers are dying in distant parts of the world. Taken by itself, the loss occasioned by the removal of this office to Richmond may not be important. But multiplied by the doaens of agencies whose trans fer from Washington has been an nounced or rumored, you have a loss that Haskin's Answers To Questions By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by icriting The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Who Is the dean of the diplomatic corps at the present time?—G. P. L. A. Senor Don Manuel de Freyre y San tander, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, who was appointed in 1930 to represent Peru. Q. What is the “tick village" I saw mentioned in the newspapers?—H. U. R. A. Por some years the United State* Public Health Service has maintained a “tick village” at the National Institute of Health to study the habits and method* of transmission of disease by these In sects. Though these ticks have not been fed for five years, they still are able to communicate relapsing fever to man by biting. _i_ Q. How large is the largest set of sheep horns on record?—L. L. A. The largest set of mountain sheep horns on record measure across the front curve of the right hom 49 >4 inches, the spread being 23 >4 inches. This animal was killed by James Simpson of British Columbia in 1920. PARLIAMENTARY LAW—A 83 page compilation of the established rules of order that govern the pro ceedings of all deliberative bodies. It is in simple form, briefed for ready reference, and clarified so that the avcrcge person will not get lost in a maze cf technicalities. De tails the correct way to form a tem porary organization, by-laws and sets of minutes, explains the duties of officers and concludes with a glossary of parliamentary terms. To secure your copy of this authorita tive work inclose 10 cents in this clipping and mail to The Star In formation Bureau. Name Address Q. Which are the two States, each bor dered by eight others’—L. V. M. A. Missouri and Tennessee are the two States. Q. On what days of the year Is the Big Dipper exactly north, south, east and west of the Pole?—S. Z. L. A. The Big Dipper is directly north of the North Pole on May 9; directly south on November 9; directly east on February 9, and directly west on Au gust 9. Q. How is a polar bear able to move over the ice without slipping?—C. L. L. A. The polar bear has still hairs on the soles of its feet, enabling it to walk or run over the slippery ice, Q. Are there two chapters in the Bible that are exactly alike?—W. E. H. A. The two chapters of the Bible which are nearly alike are 2 Kings, -19. and Isaiah 37. The former is divided into 37. the latter into 38 verses, verse 15 of the former constituting verses 15 and 16 of the latter. There are 16 verses which read precisely alike in both chapters. Q. From what Is the word "adagio’* derived?—D. D. A. It is from the Latin “ad agio," meaning "at ease.” Its original use in reference to slow movement In music has, in modern times, been extended to a slow ballet dance characterized by feats of balance. Q. Has the Metropolitan Opera Asso ciation engaged a singer from Iceland? —R. H. A. Marla Markan is the daughter of native Icelanders. She was born at Olafsvik. Q. Are tulips native to Holland?—R E. A. Tulip® are native of Asia. They were brought to Europe by way of Con stantinople in the 16th century. In 1634 there began a tulip mania. The bulbs were sold by weight, hundreds of dollars often being paid for a single one. Fortunes were made and lost. Q. How did “buna." the German rubber substitute, get its name?—C. McL. A. "Bu" stands for butadiene and “na" for natrium, the German chemical name for sodium. Buna is made from buta diene by a rapid process of polymeriza tion which is hastened by employing so dium. a A. In what city is baseball's Hall of Fame located?—F. L. O. A. Baseball's Hall of Fame is in Coop erstown, N. Y. Q At what time in his life was Win ston Churchill a war correspondent?— M. M. L. A. During the South African War, 1899-1900, Mr. Churchill was correspond ent for the London Morning Post. He was captured by the Boers but suc ceeded in escaping. Q. How is the wheel base of an auto mobile measured?—C. D. A. The wheel base is the distance in inches between the front and rear axles. Q. How does the Archbishop of Can terbury rank in relation to the other peers of Great Britain?—C. T. A. The Archbishop of Canterbury ranks next to the royal family, taking prece dence onr the other peers. the country can ill afford. If the Gov emnjent considers the Patent Office of such slight importance in its war effort that its operation practically can be suspended for eight weeks and more, It would be better to suspend its operation entirely during the war and to transfer Its engineers and clerical personnel to such work as it considers vital. EXAMINER. Comments on Revolt In Wartime. To tha Editor of Tbo Star: Albert Brown disapproves of the fsct that the Irish rebelled to gain freedom while England was fighting Germany. It is Just common sense to strike when you have the most chance to succeed. I hope Poland and the other subjected countries do not take Mr. Brown's atti tude, and not strike at Germany because she Is fighting th* Allies. CORTLANDT HERBERT.