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Duty in Wartime Proper Assay of Plaints to Correct Mistakes Urged By DAVID LAWRENCE. What is the duty of the critic of government in wartime? Presi dent Roosevelt in a sense raised this very question by a passage in his fireside chat recently, when he said: “In a democ racy there Is al ways a solemn pact between i Government and the people; but there must al ways be full use of discretion — and the word 'discretion’ ap plies to the cri tics of Govern ment as well.” David Lawrence. The foregoing might also be sup plemented with the statement that the critics, If they are conscientious, must feel constantly that in a democracy there is always a solemn pact of truth between the millions of inarticulate persons who depend on them for their information and those who endeavor to tell them the truth as they see it at first hand, whether it is in the battle lines or at the seat of Government itself. There is, as a rule, nothing per sonal about criticism of Govern ment in the press. Most critics do not consult their personal likes or dislikes and, as for ease and the line of least resistance, it would be far easier to remain passive and acquiescent than to criticize. As Walter Lippman, an outstanding lib eral, wrote the other day, “It is a disagreeable business" to point out weaknesses in Government. He then declared that it has taken months to get the President to delegate authority and to do cer tain simple things that should have been done long ago. He added that “the bottleneck of bot tlenecks is in the White House itself—in the Inertia and compla cency of Mr. Roosevelt himself when it is a question of divesting himself of authority and of detaching him self from his friends who are not equal to their task.” Stands by His Cabinet Mr. Lippman significantly points out that whereas Prime Minister Churchill is not irremovable from office, he has reconstructed his gov- j ernment, whereas Mr. Roosevelt, ! who cannot be removed, has failed to re-organize his Cabinet to meet the demands of the war. The criticism of an administra tion either has a beneficial purpose in preventing further defeats or it "Just stirs up disunity.” Many peo ple think that discussion of mis takes means merely a stimulus to disunity. What they do not realize is that criticism of the mistakes made before and at Pearl Harbor did more to stir up a sense of re sponsibility in Government than if truth had been suppressed. What almost everybody who is fair about it knows is that Mr. Roosevelt is neither by tempera ment nor experience a good admin istrator. He is reported to have once admitted this himself. Nor is the lack of this kind of ability a reflection on him. For his genius lies in other fields of leadership. Yet it is all the more essential that he recognize his own weaknesses and bow to them rather than let matters of pride or sensitiveness about his friends become the criter ion of inaction. One single day’s events—the hap penings of last December 7—do not suddenly transform a President from a poor to a good administrator. Rather do such serious events all the more make necessary a revi sion and a re-organization that will put the ablest men into key posi tions—the ablest men irrespective of party and irrespective of past grudges. This is true greatness. Danger of Defeat. The responsibility of the critic Is to point out the errors till cor rection is made. The aid and com fort that can be given the enemy by sheer incompetence or neglect in governmental office is far great er than can be given by scattered criticism in the press. TTie fathers and mothers of the 2,340 boys who died at Pearl Harbor will bear their grief far better if they can feel sure that other American boys are not going to be sacrificed by similar mistakes. And until the deadwood Is removed from top places in the Army and Navy, until merit and efficiency count more than personal favoritism or political pull, and until the politicians stop coddling the farm and labor groups and forget their own political fortunes and concentrate on winning the war, the danger of disasters and defeats will rot be diminished. This is indeed a time for solemnity and discretion and a sense of \*B8i rSSf MO*#1 Bur your husband a^^k package of Marlin Blades ^ at rour corner drugstore ^ ami a i a. a nr a —and show him how to ' a n n c *« » months’ smooth. 1 O f0* Z 5C dean shaving for onlr , .. 250. Marlin Blades art Siaflg Cdftt4rarc9< guaranteed by The Mar* On the Record America Seen as Failing to Act to Prevent 'Inside Job' Victory by Axis Powers By DOROTHY THOMPSON. Since the Pearl Harbor disas ter there has been no doubt that the year 1942 would be one of the darkest in our history. It could not be otherwise. But what will determine the eventual out come will be ' the internal situation in this country. If in loyalty and unity, with com plete courage and determi nation we pursue our Dorothy Thompson. course, austerely and dauntlessly, nothing can defeat this Nation. If, then, I continue to warn of the enemy inside America, I do so in no hysteria whatsoever, but only to make clear the thesis that our procedure lnNlealing with this internal enemy is as outmoded as cavalry against a blitz. This war has gone on for two years and a half. In every new area it follows a consistent pat tern. That pattern is: Attack from without with inside collab orators. The collaborators with in are organized. They are or ganized in a mass espionage and propaganda system. It is this element of mass that distin guishes the modern fifth column. Citizenship No Test. In the last war there were spies and saboteurs. In this war there are vast pro-Fasclst organi zations that have been openly and secretly organized under the protection of constitutional lib erties. They are exactly similar to the movements organized in Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, Poland, Holland, Norway and Alsace. Citizenship is no criterion. Seyss Inquart, Henlein, Quisling, Van Tonningen were citizens of the countries they conspired against. This Fascio-Nazi organization network is in collaboration on the West Coast with the Japs. Though crippled by the closing of the consulates and the vari ous "libraries of information,” it was prepared for both events. On the German side, it follows the pattern of the Nazi organi zation from the cell to the troop, to the group, to the region, with a whole network of leaders. And our native Fascists play their game even without collaboration. Now we are seeking to deal with these organizations by try ing to pick up here and there leaders against whom on one charge or another a case can be made in law. This will not meet the problem. The problem is the destruction of the whole or ganization. Every member in it is open to suspicion. Their lead ers, from the lowest to the high est instance, should be locked up for the defense of the land. Their members should be blacklisted. And all their Fascist associates should be kept under observation. What do we actually And? Col. George E. Deatherage, who is a raving pro-Fascist, his activities thoroughly well known to or ganizations like the Friends of Democracy and the Dies Com mittee, was executive engineer in charge of a naval construction Job at Norfolk. Va., until, under pressure of public opinion, he was removed by Col. Knox. responsibility, indeed a time for fervent prayer that God will guide the President to make himself ac cessible to all kinds of opinion without resentment and to do his duty no matter what the cost either to pride or to hurt feelings. For this is war, and the mothers and fathers of the 2,340, as well as the mothers and fathers whose sons are about to face the enemy, are sntitled to that kind of a solemn pact between the Government and the people. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Paul Rao, a lawyer denounced by many bar associations, is as sistant attorney general in New York in charge of customs. Rao was the lawyer for Fritz Kuhn, for the outright Nazi publication, Deutsche Weckruf und Beobach ter, for the German-American front, the Deutche Konsum Verein and for Willie Luedtke, accused of kidnaping some secre taries of the bund, and Walter Leiste, who assaulted an Amer ican Legionnaire for making a patriotic protest at a bund meet ing. Wed Niece of Propagandist. Rao also headed a committee that sent a medal and a check to Mussolini on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Fascist revolution. And he mar ried the niece of Generoso Pope, Italian language publisher, who, until the outbreak of war was making Fascist propaganda con tinually. Recently two of Pope's editors, Vincenzo Gioffre, furious Italian Nationalist and founder of the Fascio San Eufemla d'Astro monte, and Francesco Panciatichi, Fascist and correspondent of Popolo d’ltalia, were casually re leased from Ellis Island and re stored to their newspapers. Herbert F. Oettgen is the president of Radio-Rundfunk, which produces and sells phono graph records in German. He recorded the speeches of Kuhn, and widely advertised and sold records of Hitler, the Horst Wessel-Lied and other Nazi marching songs. He has boasted of friendship with Bund leaders. And he is still, as I write these lines, speaking over the German language hour broadcast spon sored by German furniture stores. There are only a few isolated instances that happen to have come to my attention. But since 1940 and preceding the Normandie there were a whole series of explosions and fires in armament plants and inevitably they have been written down as “accidents." One can only ask whether it was also an "accident'’ that among the employes of the Hercules Powder plant, that ex ploded in September, 1940, in New Jersey, were three men who only a short time before had taken part in the drills of the German - American Bund in Andover, N. J.; or whether it was also “just an accident” that five other men who participated in these drills were employed in the great Picatinny arsenal, which suffered a blast about the same time. Inside Jot” for Axis. The Axis hss always said that America would be "an inside job." Holland, Belgium, France and Norway were also all, to a great extent, “inside Jobs.” Cecil Brown has reported from Malaya what an "inside job” was done there, and we all know of the "inside Jobs" In Hawaii. And so one asks: When will this country wake up and make war on its enemies right here? Intelligence is the capacity to learn from experience. If there are no adequate statutes to deal with a reality, then the statutes should be made. Civilian defense means protecting civilians—from the enemies who may come and the enemies organized to assist and welcome them. (Releaeed by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.) Maryland Notes Rise In Children's Ailments By the Associated Presa. BALTIMORE. Feb. 27—Dr. C. H. Halliday, State health department epidemiologist, said yesterday there was a seasonal increase of measles, mumps, scarlet fever and other children's diseases throughout Mary land. He added that reports received in his office indicated prevalence of the diseases "is nowhere near epi demic proportions in any part of the State.” Fine Footwear Since 1SSS "SALUTE THE MARSHALL" Expressing Dual Personality! New straight tip, English pattern, harness stitched thruout. Medium tan Norwegian grain. A great fa vorite with both military and civil ian groups. ^ Snyder® Little 'MCAMORAflD 1229 G St. N.W. Marshall Match Your Odd Coats With Eisemans Special TROUSERS Put those odd coats to work ... add another suit to your wardrobe by matching with a pair of Eiseman's special trousers. Choose from one of Washington’s largest stock, including hundreds of suit patterns. All sizes and colors. up EISEMAN’S F Street at 7th CTHE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. The Great Game of Politics Threat of Disastrous Inflation Seen Unless President Puts Brakes on Labor Demands By FRANK R. KENT. As once more there arises in Congress and in the country a de mand for some restraint on the labor lobbyists, who are using the war to enforce unmso nable and dangerous labor advances, these lobbyists present what amounts to a demand upon the President that no restraint be imposed. It is a situa tion which calls for courage and firmness from Mr. Roosevelt. Frank k. Kent. The problem Is his, and his only. In this, as in practically every thing else, everybody is limited by the limitations of the President. And in the matter of labor demands, Mr. Rooeevelt’s political alliances, obligations, leanings and commit ments are such that he is not In position easily to deal with them on their merits. The hope is that this time he will cast off the strings that bind him, live up to the brave words of his speech about not per mitting any group to gain advantage at the expense of us all and not put forth one of the compromises for which he is famous and under which the labor professionals will get enough of their demands now to enable them to renew pressure for the rest a little later on. That has been the administration formula In the past, and the results have been bad. If It is adhered to now, they may be disastrous, because hovering over the Nation is the sinister threat of uncontrolled infla tion. Nothing could contribute more to make that threat a reality than to acquiesce In the plans of these labor lobbyists now. For, war or no war, their purpose is to drive toward their closed-shop Ideal, which will impose upon the Nation a labor tyranny Impossible to resist and which will carry wages and prices to a perilous height. Push to Closed Shop. Though In his speech Monday night the President reiterated again and again his promise of "uninter rupted production," production con tinues to be Interrupted by strikes, walkouts, tleups and Jurisdictional controversies. In other words, the breast-beating proclamations of their passionate patriotism by both A. F. L. and C. I. O. leaders have not been sufficiently implemented to induce their followers to work without Interruption in the defense factories, the output of which will determine the outcome of the war. There are the facts. Yet, to read the bombastic utterances of William Green and Philip Murray, one would gather that the forces which they command are completely united behind the President, permitting no selfish consideration to diminish wholehearted effort to win the war. The truth is that, despite the ex treme gravity of the situation, no opportunity is being overlooked to push toward the completely closed shop, which is their most dearly cherished ideal. The President’s new War Labor Board has expressed a desire for at least a partial restraint of rising wages and apparently realizes the danger. Yet it has not taken an un equivocal stand, and the feeling is that it is apt to yield to labor pres sure in the “Little Steel” fight, which will reduce it to much the same state of im potency as its de funct predecessor, the Mediation Board, and precipitate a state of affairs very baffling, indeed, to the price administrator, Leon Hender son. Price and Wage Race. It is not surprising that Mr. Hen derson is appalled at the prospect. A general rise in wages at this time means a general rise in prices which he cannot control. It means that the race between wages and prices would be on, with first one ahead and then the other, and with little or nothing to stand in the way of that runaway inflation which nearly everybody dreads and of which so many have warned. It is still possible for the War Labor Board to halt this fatal race, but it cannot do it without presiden tial support. It is still possible for Congress to enact restraining legis lation, but it has heretofore found that impossible without presidential support. Mr. Roosevelt has taken a firm stand against the latest farm bloc demand and, despite Senate action, if he stands firm will gain his point. If he is equally firm about the labor demands, he can be sure of overwhelming public support. The fear is that, in re turn for agreement by the labor leaders, with patriotic flourishes, on “uninterrupted production,” he will yield to them on the main points and thus, unrestrained, they will proceed in their plans—which, if successful, will make of this Nation after the war a very different and infinitely less desirable America for everybody than it is now. (Copyright. 1P*S ) War in Retrospect By th« Assoclittd Prtu. One Year Ago Today. British air raiders blast Cologne; report 150 fires started in factories, warehouses and oil tanks. Germans bomb Lon don by daylight. Japan de mands Thailand accept plan to end border war with French Indo-China. Two Years Ago Today. R. A. F. planes fly over Ber lin on scouting trip. German aircraft touch off air-raid alarm in Paris. • • 25 Years Ago Today. British report additional pro gress in Ancre sector of western front; capture two villages. This Changing World U. S. Expected to Concentrate War Effort In Pacific—From Alaska to Australia By CONSTANTINE BROWN. Unless unforeseen develop ments occur In the next few months, the principal war effort of the United States will be exerted in the Pacific, from Alaska to “way down under.” The hesitations which were ap parent in the first few weeks of the war—when those responsible for oar strategy talked about fighting wherever the enemy could be found and emphasized the struggle in the Atlantic, Africa and Near East—have given way to a more definite and clear cut attitude. It is realized that until our production reaches it* peak, our Army is developed to striking strength and our Navy receives the ships it needs to fight in the four comers of the earth, we must concentrate on two definite objectives; to retain certain po sitions in the South Pacific whence we may eventually oper ate to recover key points lost to the Japs; and to prevent the enemy from operating success fully against objectives on the United States coast. These objectives are no secret. Following Adolf Hitler's policy of candor, the Japanese have told us for years that they intend to attack Hawaii, the Panama Canal and Alaska after they have consolidated their gains in the South Pacific. U. S. Position Difficult. Japanese military writers and spokesman—the only ones in Nippon whose utterances could be taken seriously—have em phasized that In order to main tain their new empire in the South Pacific the might of the United States must be cut down. This, they said—both openly and in confidential studies which have been known in Washing ton for some time—can be achieved only by striking as close as possible to American shores and preventing America's sea and air forces from taking the offensive. Our position, at best, is diffi cult. We must operate in the Pacific thousands of miles from naval and air bases. The Japa nese. who at all times have had the advantage of greater proxi mity to their objectives, are now in far better position than we had anticipated. In the Pacific as well as the Atlantic we are suffering heavy losses in merchantmens which are as Important as warships and planes. Without these vessels we cannot hope to move armies, nor be of real assistance to our asso ciates fighting Hitler in Europe. Our production program calls for a huge tonnage of ships and in due course we shall be able to fulfill it, but if the rate of sinkings continues m high as In January and February, the mer chantmen we are producing will bring only a small net increase In our merchant marine, for a good portion of the new ships will be replacements. Our aircraft factories are de livering a satisfactory number of planes, both for combat and training and by spring it is hoped their output will be 100 per cent of requirements. But while bombers can be ferried to the most distant destinations under their own power, the vital pur suit and lntercepter ships must be crated and shipped. Despite these difficulties, the military and naval men who plan our strategy are not worried over the final outcome. But they in sist that for the time being we must devote all our energy to the West Coast and Pacific, re gardless of what happens else where. Britain in Fair Shape. Britain is in pretty good shape. She has been spared major air raids for many months. During that time she has been able to readjust her industries and re store them to more than 90 per cent efficiency In war produc tion. The British Army now is said to number more than 3.500,000 men, of whom more than half are trained troops. This is in contrast to last year at this time, when not more than 800,000 could have been regarded as fully trained, the balance being home guards who had not yet been hardened to modern warfare. Re-inforcements for the threat ened Mediterranean area have been sent from England in re cent months. Thus, it can be Mid, the British could now meet Immediate German attack with out great fear. The British like ourselves, how ever. are not yet ready for an offensive on the continent of Europe. Meanwhile, Russia needs our support in war materials more than ever, for the Russian armies have all but exhausted their re serve stocks in resisting and pushing back the Nazis. Wash ington is determined to send war supplies as long as communica tions with the U. S. S. R. remain open, and it is believed American and British forces in the Atlantic can keep them so for a long time. Whatever demands may be made on us from that direction, it is recognized now in the high est quarters in Washington that our immediate task lies in the Pacific and, according to these sources, every effort will be made to regain our supremacy th0e as soon as possible. ' ^ ON TOP OF THE WORLD ? you bet! iVe switched to the SOAP THE SCREEN STARS r— use. Lux Soap has j ACTIVE LATHER! f 9 out ofiiF Screen Stars use Lux Romance comes to girls with soft, appealing skin! And gentle Lux Toilet Soap is a wonderful help in winning complexion beauty and keeping it! Its ACTIVE lather removes every trace of dust and dirt—gives skin gentle protec tion it needs. You try it for 30 days! Begin now! Try ‘pJU/LSTTS Goppxxp'S ACTIVE-LATHER FACIALS for 30 Days LOVELY SKIM IS ) I important™ , ROMANCE. RRSTi 1 patthe Lux Soap LATHER LIGHTLY IN s-- M r I RINSE ^—«v I WITH WARM f WATER,THEN WITH COOL v. — J THEN I RAT ^ GENTLY TO I DRY. SKIN / THATlS SOFT ^ ANO SMOOTH g—j, WIN*! McLemor Takes Air Test for Fun, and Flunks By HENRY MeLEMORE. NAVAL AIR BABE, Near Atlanta, Oa.—The moment I said ''Yea” I knew I should have said “No.” But It was too late. Ensign John W. Oittinger, psycho* logical officer of the base here, al* Hturr McLacnora. ready dad disap peared through the wardroom door and gone to get a copy of one of the men tal testa that every applicant for the Naval Air Corps must pass. I had vol unteered to take the test, not In an effort to be come a cadet, be cause at my age the Navy wouldn’t trust me with anything of a more valuable vintage than a Wright brothers’ plane, but becauase—well, if you want the truth —I got smart-alecky and thought I’d make a whacking good grade and show off a little. While Ensign Gittinger was gone, Comdr. Harrlgan, Lt. Mann and sev eral of the flying instructors ex plained to me the importance the Navy, the flying end of it, anyway, attaches to these teste. * * * * The Navy has found, through the years, that by various written and oral tests, lt Is possible to come close to determining a man's ability to fly a plane before he ever gets Into the cockpit. These tests save a lot of wear and tear on planes, Instructors and pupils. Ensign Gittinger arrived at this point, bringing with him a mental test. “Sorry, Ensign," I said, having heard enough of what constituted these tests to scare me off. “Sorry, but I have to be back In town In an hour or so. Some other time, old fellow." "No. You've plenty of time," the Ensign said. “It only takes 12 min utes.” “It’ll take me more than 12 min utes," I answered briskly. “Hast# only makes waste, and I wouldn't like to do lt unless I did lt right.” “Twelve minutes Is all the time you are allowed on this test,” the Ensign answered somewhat testily. "There Is a time limit, so you have plenty of time to do lt.” He led me into a little aide room and showed me to a desk. He laid down the test and a pencil. As he shut the door, he clicked a stop watch. * * * * I trust that what I scored on the test will ever remain a secret be tween Ensign Glttlnger and me. Eh. Ensign? By the way, what sort of cigarettes do you smoke, ol’ boy? And do you like brownies? My wife cooks a mean brownie. The test did one thing for me, though. It gave me a tremendous admiration for the men who fly Navy planes. The fact that they fly them means they passed this monster and others like it. It means that they can figure out how far John can run in an hour if Bill can ride a bicycle 18 miles in 45 minutes; how much milk Is needed for 1,000 men If one of them doesn't like milk at all; which of the following sub stances have no relation to one an other: Coal, Melvin Douglas, butter brickie ice cream, hatbands, tea kettles; if it's false or true that mast Republicans wear dark suit* and long faces so every one who wears dark suits and long faces is a Re publican? Unless the Navy had brought these testa into use, men of my intelli gence might possibly have been al lowed to fly, and think of the ham that could have been done. Turned loose In the air, I might have been the first American to become an Axis ace. The chances are that I would have cracked up so many of my own country’s planes learning to fly that the Axis nations would have felt called upon to decorate me as an ace—as the flyer who had brought down more United Nations’ planes than any other man. (Distributed by McNauitat Syndicate. Ine.) Dry Leader Admits Using House Minority Workroom Edward Page Gaston, director of the World Prohibition Association, said today he had used the facilities of the minority workroom of the House Office Building to mail out copies of & recent speech of Rep resentative Guyer, Republican, of Kansas, urging prohibition for the District. The dry forces leader, answering charges of Representative Sweeney, Democrat, of Ohio, that Mr. Gaston was urging the offices to disseminata dry propaganda, pointed out that his organization had employed the House Office on several occasions, but that each time he paid for the work done there. Marshall W. Pickering, veteran manager of the workroom, em phatically denied yesterday that Mr. Gaston was utilizing his offices for propaganda purposes. About 800 copies of Representative Guyer's speech, made December 17, was mailed out to members of World Prohibition Association after postage had been paid by Mr. Gaston, Mr. Pickering said. Representative Sweeney has de manded an investigation by Speaker Rayburn and the House Office Build ing Commission to determine wheth er prohibition propaganda is being sent out from the Republican work room. Mr. Gaston said he “welcomed” any congressional Investigation on the matter. Good Neighbor Fellowship Miss Nancy C. Nesbitt, daughter of Capt. and Mrs, D. W. Nesbit of the Navy Supply Corps, will leave Washington early in March for Buenos Aires where she will study under a good neighbor fellowship at the University bf Buenos Aires, it was announced today. She is a graduate of the University of North Carolina and has taken a year of graduate study there.