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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 27, 1942, Image 13

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Critic Has
Duty in
Proper Assay of
Plaints to Correct
Mistakes Urged
What is the duty of the critic
of government in wartime? Presi
dent Roosevelt in a sense raised
this very question by a passage in
his fireside chat
recently, when
he said:
“In a democ
racy there Is al
ways a solemn
pact between i
Government and
the people; but
there must al
ways be full use
of discretion —
and the word
'discretion’ ap
plies to the cri
tics of Govern
ment as well.”
David Lawrence.
The foregoing might also be sup
plemented with the statement that
the critics, If they are conscientious,
must feel constantly that in a
democracy there is always a solemn
pact of truth between the millions
of inarticulate persons who depend
on them for their information and
those who endeavor to tell them the
truth as they see it at first hand,
whether it is in the battle lines or
at the seat of Government itself.
There is, as a rule, nothing per
sonal about criticism of Govern
ment in the press. Most critics do
not consult their personal likes or
dislikes and, as for ease and the
line of least resistance, it would be
far easier to remain passive and
acquiescent than to criticize. As
Walter Lippman, an outstanding lib
eral, wrote the other day, “It is a
disagreeable business" to point out
weaknesses in Government. He
then declared that it has taken
months to get the President to
delegate authority and to do cer
tain simple things that should
have been done long ago. He
added that “the bottleneck of bot
tlenecks is in the White House
itself—in the Inertia and compla
cency of Mr. Roosevelt himself when
it is a question of divesting himself
of authority and of detaching him
self from his friends who are not
equal to their task.”
Stands by His Cabinet
Mr. Lippman significantly points
out that whereas Prime Minister
Churchill is not irremovable from
office, he has reconstructed his gov- j
ernment, whereas Mr. Roosevelt, !
who cannot be removed, has failed
to re-organize his Cabinet to meet
the demands of the war.
The criticism of an administra
tion either has a beneficial purpose
in preventing further defeats or it
"Just stirs up disunity.” Many peo
ple think that discussion of mis
takes means merely a stimulus to
disunity. What they do not realize
is that criticism of the mistakes
made before and at Pearl Harbor
did more to stir up a sense of re
sponsibility in Government than if
truth had been suppressed.
What almost everybody who is
fair about it knows is that Mr.
Roosevelt is neither by tempera
ment nor experience a good admin
istrator. He is reported to have
once admitted this himself. Nor is
the lack of this kind of ability a
reflection on him. For his genius
lies in other fields of leadership.
Yet it is all the more essential that
he recognize his own weaknesses
and bow to them rather than let
matters of pride or sensitiveness
about his friends become the criter
ion of inaction.
One single day’s events—the hap
penings of last December 7—do not
suddenly transform a President
from a poor to a good administrator.
Rather do such serious events all
the more make necessary a revi
sion and a re-organization that will
put the ablest men into key posi
tions—the ablest men irrespective
of party and irrespective of past
grudges. This is true greatness.
Danger of Defeat.
The responsibility of the critic
Is to point out the errors till cor
rection is made. The aid and com
fort that can be given the enemy
by sheer incompetence or neglect
in governmental office is far great
er than can be given by scattered
criticism in the press. TTie fathers
and mothers of the 2,340 boys who
died at Pearl Harbor will bear their
grief far better if they can feel sure
that other American boys are not
going to be sacrificed by similar
mistakes. And until the deadwood
Is removed from top places in the
Army and Navy, until merit and
efficiency count more than personal
favoritism or political pull, and until
the politicians stop coddling the
farm and labor groups and forget
their own political fortunes and
concentrate on winning the war, the
danger of disasters and defeats will
rot be diminished.
This is indeed a time for solemnity
and discretion and a sense of
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On the Record
America Seen as Failing to Act to Prevent
'Inside Job' Victory by Axis Powers
Since the Pearl Harbor disas
ter there has been no doubt that
the year 1942 would be one of
the darkest in our history.
It could not
be otherwise.
But what will
determine the
eventual out
come will be
' the internal
situation in
this country.
If in loyalty
and unity,
with com
plete courage
and determi
nation we
pursue our
Dorothy Thompson.
course, austerely and dauntlessly,
nothing can defeat this Nation.
If, then, I continue to warn
of the enemy inside America, I
do so in no hysteria whatsoever,
but only to make clear the thesis
that our procedure lnNlealing
with this internal enemy is as
outmoded as cavalry against a
This war has gone on for two
years and a half. In every new
area it follows a consistent pat
tern. That pattern is: Attack
from without with inside collab
orators. The collaborators with
in are organized. They are or
ganized in a mass espionage and
propaganda system. It is this
element of mass that distin
guishes the modern fifth column.
Citizenship No Test.
In the last war there were
spies and saboteurs. In this war
there are vast pro-Fasclst organi
zations that have been openly
and secretly organized under the
protection of constitutional lib
erties. They are exactly similar
to the movements organized in
Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, Poland,
Holland, Norway and Alsace.
Citizenship is no criterion. Seyss
Inquart, Henlein, Quisling, Van
Tonningen were citizens of the
countries they conspired against.
This Fascio-Nazi organization
network is in collaboration on
the West Coast with the Japs.
Though crippled by the closing
of the consulates and the vari
ous "libraries of information,” it
was prepared for both events.
On the German side, it follows
the pattern of the Nazi organi
zation from the cell to the troop,
to the group, to the region, with
a whole network of leaders. And
our native Fascists play their
game even without collaboration.
Now we are seeking to deal
with these organizations by try
ing to pick up here and there
leaders against whom on one
charge or another a case can be
made in law. This will not meet
the problem. The problem is the
destruction of the whole or
ganization. Every member in it
is open to suspicion. Their lead
ers, from the lowest to the high
est instance, should be locked up
for the defense of the land. Their
members should be blacklisted.
And all their Fascist associates
should be kept under observation.
What do we actually And? Col.
George E. Deatherage, who is a
raving pro-Fascist, his activities
thoroughly well known to or
ganizations like the Friends of
Democracy and the Dies Com
mittee, was executive engineer in
charge of a naval construction
Job at Norfolk. Va., until, under
pressure of public opinion, he was
removed by Col. Knox.
responsibility, indeed a time for
fervent prayer that God will guide
the President to make himself ac
cessible to all kinds of opinion
without resentment and to do his
duty no matter what the cost either
to pride or to hurt feelings. For
this is war, and the mothers and
fathers of the 2,340, as well as the
mothers and fathers whose sons
are about to face the enemy, are
sntitled to that kind of a solemn
pact between the Government and
the people.
(Reproduction Rights Reserved.)
Paul Rao, a lawyer denounced
by many bar associations, is as
sistant attorney general in New
York in charge of customs. Rao
was the lawyer for Fritz Kuhn,
for the outright Nazi publication,
Deutsche Weckruf und Beobach
ter, for the German-American
front, the Deutche Konsum
Verein and for Willie Luedtke,
accused of kidnaping some secre
taries of the bund, and Walter
Leiste, who assaulted an Amer
ican Legionnaire for making a
patriotic protest at a bund meet
Wed Niece of Propagandist.
Rao also headed a committee
that sent a medal and a check
to Mussolini on the occasion of
the 10th anniversary of the
Fascist revolution. And he mar
ried the niece of Generoso Pope,
Italian language publisher, who,
until the outbreak of war was
making Fascist propaganda con
Recently two of Pope's editors,
Vincenzo Gioffre, furious Italian
Nationalist and founder of the
Fascio San Eufemla d'Astro
monte, and Francesco Panciatichi,
Fascist and correspondent of
Popolo d’ltalia, were casually re
leased from Ellis Island and re
stored to their newspapers.
Herbert F. Oettgen is the
president of Radio-Rundfunk,
which produces and sells phono
graph records in German. He
recorded the speeches of Kuhn,
and widely advertised and sold
records of Hitler, the Horst
Wessel-Lied and other Nazi
marching songs. He has boasted
of friendship with Bund leaders.
And he is still, as I write these
lines, speaking over the German
language hour broadcast spon
sored by German furniture stores.
There are only a few isolated
instances that happen to have
come to my attention. But
since 1940 and preceding the
Normandie there were a whole
series of explosions and fires in
armament plants and inevitably
they have been written down as
“accidents." One can only ask
whether it was also an "accident'’
that among the employes of the
Hercules Powder plant, that ex
ploded in September, 1940, in
New Jersey, were three men who
only a short time before had
taken part in the drills of the
German - American Bund in
Andover, N. J.; or whether it was
also “just an accident” that five
other men who participated in
these drills were employed in the
great Picatinny arsenal, which
suffered a blast about the same
Inside Jot” for Axis.
The Axis hss always said that
America would be "an inside job."
Holland, Belgium, France and
Norway were also all, to a great
extent, “inside Jobs.” Cecil
Brown has reported from Malaya
what an "inside job” was done
there, and we all know of the
"inside Jobs" In Hawaii.
And so one asks: When will
this country wake up and make
war on its enemies right here?
Intelligence is the capacity to
learn from experience. If there
are no adequate statutes to deal
with a reality, then the statutes
should be made. Civilian defense
means protecting civilians—from
the enemies who may come and
the enemies organized to assist
and welcome them.
(Releaeed by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
Maryland Notes Rise
In Children's Ailments
By the Associated Presa.
BALTIMORE. Feb. 27—Dr. C. H.
Halliday, State health department
epidemiologist, said yesterday there
was a seasonal increase of measles,
mumps, scarlet fever and other
children's diseases throughout Mary
He added that reports received
in his office indicated prevalence of
the diseases "is nowhere near epi
demic proportions in any part of
the State.”
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CTHE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not
necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The
Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its
readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among
themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s.
The Great Game of Politics
Threat of Disastrous Inflation Seen Unless
President Puts Brakes on Labor Demands
As once more there arises in
Congress and in the country a de
mand for some restraint on the
labor lobbyists, who are using the
war to enforce
unmso nable
and dangerous
labor advances,
these lobbyists
present what
amounts to a
demand upon
the President
that no restraint
be imposed.
It is a situa
tion which calls
for courage and
firmness from
Mr. Roosevelt.
Frank k. Kent.
The problem Is his, and his only.
In this, as in practically every
thing else, everybody is limited by
the limitations of the President.
And in the matter of labor demands,
Mr. Rooeevelt’s political alliances,
obligations, leanings and commit
ments are such that he is not In
position easily to deal with them on
their merits. The hope is that this
time he will cast off the strings
that bind him, live up to the brave
words of his speech about not per
mitting any group to gain advantage
at the expense of us all and not
put forth one of the compromises
for which he is famous and under
which the labor professionals will
get enough of their demands now
to enable them to renew pressure
for the rest a little later on.
That has been the administration
formula In the past, and the results
have been bad. If It is adhered to
now, they may be disastrous, because
hovering over the Nation is the
sinister threat of uncontrolled infla
tion. Nothing could contribute more
to make that threat a reality than
to acquiesce In the plans of these
labor lobbyists now. For, war or no
war, their purpose is to drive toward
their closed-shop Ideal, which will
impose upon the Nation a labor
tyranny Impossible to resist and
which will carry wages and prices
to a perilous height.
Push to Closed Shop.
Though In his speech Monday
night the President reiterated again
and again his promise of "uninter
rupted production," production con
tinues to be Interrupted by strikes,
walkouts, tleups and Jurisdictional
controversies. In other words, the
breast-beating proclamations of
their passionate patriotism by both
A. F. L. and C. I. O. leaders have
not been sufficiently implemented
to induce their followers to work
without Interruption in the defense
factories, the output of which will
determine the outcome of the war.
There are the facts. Yet, to read
the bombastic utterances of William
Green and Philip Murray, one would
gather that the forces which they
command are completely united
behind the President, permitting no
selfish consideration to diminish
wholehearted effort to win the war.
The truth is that, despite the ex
treme gravity of the situation, no
opportunity is being overlooked to
push toward the completely closed
shop, which is their most dearly
cherished ideal.
The President’s new War Labor
Board has expressed a desire for at
least a partial restraint of rising
wages and apparently realizes the
danger. Yet it has not taken an un
equivocal stand, and the feeling is
that it is apt to yield to labor pres
sure in the “Little Steel” fight,
which will reduce it to much the
same state of im potency as its de
funct predecessor, the Mediation
Board, and precipitate a state of
affairs very baffling, indeed, to the
price administrator, Leon Hender
Price and Wage Race.
It is not surprising that Mr. Hen
derson is appalled at the prospect.
A general rise in wages at this time
means a general rise in prices which
he cannot control. It means that
the race between wages and prices
would be on, with first one ahead
and then the other, and with little
or nothing to stand in the way of
that runaway inflation which nearly
everybody dreads and of which so
many have warned.
It is still possible for the War
Labor Board to halt this fatal race,
but it cannot do it without presiden
tial support. It is still possible for
Congress to enact restraining legis
lation, but it has heretofore found
that impossible without presidential
support. Mr. Roosevelt has taken a
firm stand against the latest farm
bloc demand and, despite Senate
action, if he stands firm will gain
his point. If he is equally firm
about the labor demands, he can
be sure of overwhelming public
support. The fear is that, in re
turn for agreement by the labor
leaders, with patriotic flourishes, on
“uninterrupted production,” he will
yield to them on the main points
and thus, unrestrained, they will
proceed in their plans—which, if
successful, will make of this Nation
after the war a very different and
infinitely less desirable America for
everybody than it is now.
(Copyright. 1P*S )
War in Retrospect
By th« Assoclittd Prtu.
One Year Ago Today.
British air raiders blast
Cologne; report 150 fires started
in factories, warehouses and
oil tanks. Germans bomb Lon
don by daylight. Japan de
mands Thailand accept plan to
end border war with French
Two Years Ago Today.
R. A. F. planes fly over Ber
lin on scouting trip. German
aircraft touch off air-raid alarm
in Paris. • •
25 Years Ago Today.
British report additional pro
gress in Ancre sector of western
front; capture two villages.
This Changing World
U. S. Expected to Concentrate War Effort
In Pacific—From Alaska to Australia
Unless unforeseen develop
ments occur In the next few
months, the principal war effort
of the United States will be
exerted in the Pacific, from
Alaska to “way down under.”
The hesitations which were ap
parent in the first few weeks of
the war—when those responsible
for oar strategy talked about
fighting wherever the enemy
could be found and emphasized
the struggle in the Atlantic,
Africa and Near East—have given
way to a more definite and clear
cut attitude.
It is realized that until our
production reaches it* peak, our
Army is developed to striking
strength and our Navy receives
the ships it needs to fight in the
four comers of the earth, we
must concentrate on two definite
objectives; to retain certain po
sitions in the South Pacific
whence we may eventually oper
ate to recover key points lost to
the Japs; and to prevent the
enemy from operating success
fully against objectives on the
United States coast.
These objectives are no secret.
Following Adolf Hitler's policy of
candor, the Japanese have told
us for years that they intend to
attack Hawaii, the Panama
Canal and Alaska after they
have consolidated their gains in
the South Pacific.
U. S. Position Difficult.
Japanese military writers and
spokesman—the only ones in
Nippon whose utterances could
be taken seriously—have em
phasized that In order to main
tain their new empire in the
South Pacific the might of the
United States must be cut down.
This, they said—both openly and
in confidential studies which
have been known in Washing
ton for some time—can be
achieved only by striking as close
as possible to American shores
and preventing America's sea
and air forces from taking the
Our position, at best, is diffi
cult. We must operate in the
Pacific thousands of miles from
naval and air bases. The Japa
nese. who at all times have had
the advantage of greater proxi
mity to their objectives, are now
in far better position than we
had anticipated.
In the Pacific as well as the
Atlantic we are suffering heavy
losses in merchantmens which
are as Important as warships and
planes. Without these vessels we
cannot hope to move armies, nor
be of real assistance to our asso
ciates fighting Hitler in Europe.
Our production program calls
for a huge tonnage of ships and
in due course we shall be able
to fulfill it, but if the rate of
sinkings continues m high as In
January and February, the mer
chantmen we are producing will
bring only a small net increase
In our merchant marine, for a
good portion of the new ships
will be replacements.
Our aircraft factories are de
livering a satisfactory number of
planes, both for combat and
training and by spring it is hoped
their output will be 100 per cent
of requirements. But while
bombers can be ferried to the
most distant destinations under
their own power, the vital pur
suit and lntercepter ships must
be crated and shipped.
Despite these difficulties, the
military and naval men who plan
our strategy are not worried over
the final outcome. But they in
sist that for the time being we
must devote all our energy to
the West Coast and Pacific, re
gardless of what happens else
Britain in Fair Shape.
Britain is in pretty good shape.
She has been spared major air
raids for many months. During
that time she has been able to
readjust her industries and re
store them to more than 90 per
cent efficiency In war produc
The British Army now is said
to number more than 3.500,000
men, of whom more than half
are trained troops. This is in
contrast to last year at this time,
when not more than 800,000
could have been regarded as fully
trained, the balance being home
guards who had not yet been
hardened to modern warfare.
Re-inforcements for the threat
ened Mediterranean area have
been sent from England in re
cent months. Thus, it can be
Mid, the British could now meet
Immediate German attack with
out great fear.
The British like ourselves, how
ever. are not yet ready for an
offensive on the continent of
Meanwhile, Russia needs our
support in war materials more
than ever, for the Russian armies
have all but exhausted their re
serve stocks in resisting and
pushing back the Nazis. Wash
ington is determined to send war
supplies as long as communica
tions with the U. S. S. R. remain
open, and it is believed American
and British forces in the Atlantic
can keep them so for a long time.
Whatever demands may be
made on us from that direction,
it is recognized now in the high
est quarters in Washington that
our immediate task lies in the
Pacific and, according to these
sources, every effort will be made
to regain our supremacy th0e
as soon as possible.
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Takes Air Test for
Fun, and Flunks
NAVAL AIR BABE, Near Atlanta,
Oa.—The moment I said ''Yea” I
knew I should have said “No.”
But It was too late.
Ensign John W. Oittinger, psycho*
logical officer of the base here, al*
Hturr McLacnora.
ready dad disap
peared through
the wardroom
door and gone to
get a copy of
one of the men
tal testa that
every applicant
for the Naval
Air Corps must
pass. I had vol
unteered to take
the test, not In
an effort to be
come a cadet, be
cause at my age
the Navy wouldn’t trust me with
anything of a more valuable vintage
than a Wright brothers’ plane, but
becauase—well, if you want the truth
—I got smart-alecky and thought I’d
make a whacking good grade and
show off a little.
While Ensign Gittinger was gone,
Comdr. Harrlgan, Lt. Mann and sev
eral of the flying instructors ex
plained to me the importance the
Navy, the flying end of it, anyway,
attaches to these teste.
* * * *
The Navy has found, through the
years, that by various written and
oral tests, lt Is possible to come close
to determining a man's ability to fly
a plane before he ever gets Into the
cockpit. These tests save a lot of
wear and tear on planes, Instructors
and pupils.
Ensign Gittinger arrived at this
point, bringing with him a mental
“Sorry, Ensign," I said, having
heard enough of what constituted
these tests to scare me off. “Sorry,
but I have to be back In town In an
hour or so. Some other time, old
"No. You've plenty of time," the
Ensign said. “It only takes 12 min
“It’ll take me more than 12 min
utes," I answered briskly. “Hast#
only makes waste, and I wouldn't
like to do lt unless I did lt right.”
“Twelve minutes Is all the time
you are allowed on this test,” the
Ensign answered somewhat testily.
"There Is a time limit, so you have
plenty of time to do lt.”
He led me into a little aide room
and showed me to a desk. He laid
down the test and a pencil. As he
shut the door, he clicked a stop
* * * *
I trust that what I scored on
the test will ever remain a secret be
tween Ensign Glttlnger and me. Eh.
Ensign? By the way, what sort of
cigarettes do you smoke, ol’ boy?
And do you like brownies? My wife
cooks a mean brownie.
The test did one thing for me,
though. It gave me a tremendous
admiration for the men who fly
Navy planes. The fact that they
fly them means they passed this
monster and others like it. It means
that they can figure out how far
John can run in an hour if Bill can
ride a bicycle 18 miles in 45 minutes;
how much milk Is needed for 1,000
men If one of them doesn't like milk
at all; which of the following sub
stances have no relation to one an
other: Coal, Melvin Douglas, butter
brickie ice cream, hatbands, tea
kettles; if it's false or true that mast
Republicans wear dark suit* and
long faces so every one who wears
dark suits and long faces is a Re
Unless the Navy had brought these
testa into use, men of my intelli
gence might possibly have been al
lowed to fly, and think of the ham
that could have been done. Turned
loose In the air, I might have been
the first American to become an
Axis ace. The chances are that I
would have cracked up so many of
my own country’s planes learning to
fly that the Axis nations would have
felt called upon to decorate me as
an ace—as the flyer who had
brought down more United Nations’
planes than any other man.
(Distributed by McNauitat Syndicate. Ine.)
Dry Leader Admits Using
House Minority Workroom
Edward Page Gaston, director of
the World Prohibition Association,
said today he had used the facilities
of the minority workroom of the
House Office Building to mail out
copies of & recent speech of Rep
resentative Guyer, Republican, of
Kansas, urging prohibition for the
The dry forces leader, answering
charges of Representative Sweeney,
Democrat, of Ohio, that Mr. Gaston
was urging the offices to disseminata
dry propaganda, pointed out that
his organization had employed the
House Office on several occasions,
but that each time he paid for the
work done there.
Marshall W. Pickering, veteran
manager of the workroom, em
phatically denied yesterday that
Mr. Gaston was utilizing his offices
for propaganda purposes. About 800
copies of Representative Guyer's
speech, made December 17, was
mailed out to members of World
Prohibition Association after postage
had been paid by Mr. Gaston, Mr.
Pickering said.
Representative Sweeney has de
manded an investigation by Speaker
Rayburn and the House Office Build
ing Commission to determine wheth
er prohibition propaganda is being
sent out from the Republican work
Mr. Gaston said he “welcomed”
any congressional Investigation on
the matter.
Good Neighbor Fellowship
Miss Nancy C. Nesbitt, daughter of
Capt. and Mrs, D. W. Nesbit of
the Navy Supply Corps, will leave
Washington early in March for
Buenos Aires where she will study
under a good neighbor fellowship
at the University bf Buenos Aires,
it was announced today. She is a
graduate of the University of North
Carolina and has taken a year of
graduate study there.

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