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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 27, 1942, Image 16

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Occupied Areas Face
Starvation, Says
Inter-Allied Group
500,000 in Greece Alone
Doomed This Winter,
Committee Asserts
By the As*oriatfd Press.
LONDON. Feb. 27.—Famine and
starvation are facing the occupied
countries of Europe, which are being
systematically pillaged by the Nazis
to provide food for the German
people and their armies, the Inter
Allied Information Comittee de
clared today.
While hundreds of thousands In
conquered lands are undergoing un
told .hardships, the Germans them
selves are so well-fed, the committee
said, that In some countries they
are the principal suppliers of black
markets—the illegal food centers
where fantastic prices axe charged
for staples which only a few can buy.
Ironically, dispatches from Swit
zerland reported the Germans were
taking increasingly drastic measures
to stamp out illicit trading in food
and clothing. Five persons were said
to have been executed in Germany
or German-occupied territory dur
ing the last week for such offenses,
and heavy fines and imprisonment
were being meted out to others.
Starvation in Greece.
The Inter-Allied Committee, which
represents every Allied nation In
. London, said the German pillaging
program, “masquerading as pur
chase.” probably would bring starva
tion to 500.000 in Greece alone be
fore winter ended.
“One whole generation appears
to be already doomed" in Greece,
said the committee's 6.500-word re
port.
In France, whence “every day
trains loaded with food go to Ger
many.” the report added, “the whole
race is in danger.” j
Three sources were cited by the
committee as the basis of its state- |
ments: German official pronounce- !
ments. articles in the German-con
trolled press and evidence obtained
from persons escaped from occupied
territories.
In some cases the German people j
and their armies are living better
than in pre-war days, the report
said.
"Official rations.” available in the
ory to all occupied nations, were
reported "at their worst” in Greece
and “most nearly adeauate in
Czecho-Slovakia, where many of
Germany’s most vital war industries
are located.”
Conditions in other occupied .na
tions covered by' the report in
cluded :
Belgium—Food situation “simply
terrifying.” with more than half the
school children in towns going with
out breakfast.
Boil Bark of Tree*.
Poland—Essentially a self-support
ing and agricultural country." Its
rural residents "have been reduced
to boiling down the bark of trees
and the skins of dead animals.” i
The Netherlands—“There is a se- i
rious deterioration in the food situ
ation.”
Norway — German airmen and
many German expectant mothers
eat in well-stocked German restau
rants. buuy at special German coun
ters in Osio stores. “Norwegians are
served at. other counters, which are ■
mostly empty.”
Yugoslavia—“Inflation in its worst
form flourishes.” with Germans
requisitioning all foodstuffs they can
lay their hands on. paying off In
occupation marks which are worth
less to Serb farmers.
Noting that “ill health, disease
and death from starvation” are
rampant in the German-dominated
countries, the report asks:
“Is it any wonder that in one
place dog meat costs 8 shillings
< $1.60 > per pound and cats are 20
shillings ($4' and up each, when
ever such ‘luxuries’ are available?”
The Greek government in London
eaid deaths from starvation through
out Greece now averaged 900 a day.
Traffic Officer Named Aide
To Arlington Defense Chief
Appointment of Traffic Lt. James
J. Scott as special assistant to Clif
ton G. Stoneburner, Arlington Coun
ty defense co-ordinator, was an
nounced today by County Manager
Frank C. Hanrahan. Police Chief
Harry L. Woodyard approved the
appointment.
Lt. Scott will handle duties in
connection with safety and preven
tion work in the defense setup.
Mr. Hanrahan reported progress
In several branches of civilian de
fense activity, including police and
fire auxiliaries, air raid and medical
services and medical supplies. Chief
Woodyard said the auxiliary police
would be sworn in within the next
week.
Selective Service May Serve as Lever to Force
More Men and Women Into War Jobs
By MIRIAM OTTENBERG.
The selective service system may
become the lever to force ail men
and women physically able to work
into the 'production effort, it was
Indicated today. ^
Through selective service, an in
creasing number of women are al
ready indirectly being forced into
industry. The knowledge that non
working wives are not always con
sidered grounds for deferment is
expected to bring more and more
women into productive work.
Advised since Pearl Harbor to
examine carefully the financial cir
| cumrtances of all registrants seek
: ing deferment because cf depend
ents, local boards are becoming in
creasingly strict and mrv scon re
fuse a deferred classification to men
if their parents or their wives’
parents can support the wife,
i The lure of wages Is also ex
pected to bring more women into
i the production effort.
Work Army Estimated.
i Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey esti
! mates that 60.000 000 men and
1 women make up the total produc
tion and military man power of
the United States. Of this total,
the 40 000.000 men either have regis
tered or will register under selective
service. Of the 40.000.000 women be
tween the ages of 18 and 65, it is
estimated that 20.000,000 can work.
Now ivorking are 11.500 003 women,
approximated. It is getting the
remaining 8,500.000 women into pro
ductive effort that remains a prob
lem.
Now registered for selective service
are 27,000 000 men between the ages
of 20 and 44, inclusive. They are
all "liable for military service.’’
Required to register at some
future registration, but not for mili
tary service, are the 18 and 19
year-olds and the men between 45
and 65 years of age. The youths
are no problem. Without re-regis
tering they will be eligible for mili
tary service when they reach 20.
Skill Quiz in Prospect.
Congress, In specifying that the
men between 45 and 65 were to be
registered, made no provision for
what should be done with them
after they registered.
In co-operation with the Federal
Security Agency's United States
Employment Service, selective serv
ice will send out a questionnaire
to the men who registered earlier
this month and ultimately to the
45-65 group ot to determine the
occupational skill of the men not
qualified for combat service.
If new men and women are not
absorbed more rapidly into industry,
if the man power problem of the
Delivery of
Night Final
Edition
The Night Final Edition of
The Star, with two addi
tional pages of last-minute
news. Is delivered through
out Washington and nearby
suburbs, together with The
Sunday Star, at 85 cents per
month.
This edition gives the
latest developments of the
day in International, Na
tional and Local news, with
complete Financial Reports.
Special delivery is made
between 6 p.m. and 7:15 p.m.
dally.
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country continues to be as critical
as it is now considered, those ques
tionnaires may become the basis
for drafting labor, registered under
selective service, into industry.
That is only one possibility. Some
high-ranking officials are consider
ing freezing men at certain jobs,
preventing men from moving from
one job to another and higher
paying one, preventing farm yoyths
from seeking city employment, tak
ing out of the hands of the employe
the decision as to what Job he should
take and where.
Affects Labor Flo.w.
Through its deferment policy,
selective service actually affects the
flow of labor. The whole philosophy
of selective service is the require
ment for efficiency in the use tnd
allocation of man power. It empha
sizes the need for avoiding undue
disturbance to the country’s agri
cultural, commercial and industrial
efficiency.
It Is estimated that from 10 to
25 producers are now required to
maint^n each fighting man—and
Secretary of War Stimson hopes to
have a 3,600,000 man Army by the
end of the year.
Since occupational deferments of
physically qualified men without
dependents are temporary, usually
for a six-month period, replace
ments must be found for those men.
Ultimately, selective service hopes
to have all these men in the Army.
Many others will go into the Navy
or Marine Corps.
Needs Being Gauged.
When the war production pro
gram is at its height, it is estimated
that the 7,000.000 workers now on
the pav rolls of war industries will
be swelled to 17.000.000 workers. But
millions of other men and women
are needed to maintain transporta
tion, communications, utility sys
terns and other essential public
services, to grow food for this coun
try and its allies, to mine metals
and materials, and to fabricate the ;
consumer goods necessary to main- 1
tain a healthy national life.
It is finding enough men and |
women to do those jobs that may
result in a compulsory system.
F.C.C. Licensing 'Hams/
But They Musn't Send
BY the Associated Press.
Acting at the request of the War
and Navy Departments, the Federal
Communications Commission re
sumed yesterday the issuance of
amateur radio operators’ licenses.
Commission officials said the re
sumption did not affect its prohi
bitions against operating amateur
stations.
The F. C. C. said the two depart
ments advised it that the issuance
of licenses to qualified persons would
aid them in the classification of men
for Army and Navy radio duty.
The commission discontinued the
issuing of amateur station operator
licenses at the outbreak of the war.
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