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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. \ Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Poge 7. Readers Prefer The StaT The Star’s afternoon and evening circulation is more than double that of any other Washington newspaper, Its total circulation in Washington far exceeds that of any of its contem poraries in the morning or on Sunday. _W> Means Associated Press. 90th YEAR. No. 35,732. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1942 THREE CENTS. % Allies Turn Back Japanese Fleet In First Java Invasion Attempt; British 'Chutists Strike at France t Armada Believed Re-forming For New Onslaught After Night-Long Battle •) ft* AnoelttMl Press. BANDOENG, Java, Feb. 28.—Warships of the United Nations flung back today an attempt by a huge fleet of Japanese warships and transports to storm the Soerabaja naval base and invade Java, but tonight the armada was believed reforming somewhere in the Java Sea for a second onslaught. Battered and scrambled in a night-long battle, the Japanese warships and their train of many transports retreated northward, and at 8:30 p.m. (8 a.m., E. W. T.), the quasi-official Aneta News Agency said “it may be stated with absolute certainty there has been no landing of Japanese troops anywhere on Java.” Action at sea still was being joined late this afternoon, but informed United Nations sources here said the bulk of the invasion fleet apparently was in the process of reorganizing for a renewed attempt to land troops, probably in the vicinity of the naval base. Air-Raid Alarms at Soerabaja. The approach of the Japanese sea force was preceded by re peated air-raid alarms at Soerabaja, but each time approaching enemy planes were driven off by anti-aircraft fire before any bombs could be dropped. The Dutch said "several tens of ships,” in the continental equivalent to "scores,” were in the invaders’ strongly protected convoy, first scattered and then pursued by the Allied warships. (A Reuters dispatch described the battle as the biggest naval engagement of the war in the Pacific so far.) Unspecified losses on both sides were acknowledged. (Imperial headquarters at Tokio claimed the sinking of one Allied cruiser and three destroyers in the Java Sea battle, at the same time reporting pursuit of the enemy. The an nouncement did not mention Japanese losses. (Domei news agency declared Japanese bombers put a British cruiser of the Exeter class “out of action” off Batavia, scoring two hits on the ship. The agency said a large fire broke out.) The first unofficial reaction in' Bandoeng was that the Dutch communique was the most cheer ing since the battle for Java— and therefore for the Nether lands Indies—loomed. Two Previous Defeats. Twice before the United States and Dutch fleets have teamed to inflict resounding defeats on the Japanese sea power—in Macassar Strait and in the Strait of Lom bok off Bali. In other areas, the Dutch com munique reported Dutch successes in fighting on the Southern Celebes, northwest of Java, in Central Su matra, where the Japanese are at tempting to consolidate their posi tions for an assault on Western Java, and on the half-Dutch, half Portuguese island of Timor east of Java The Dutch said their troops had Inflicted serious losses on the Jap anese on .Timor. The war report also told of raids on the port of Batavia and an air field in Western Java. But it was the massed battle of Java Sea which held the attention of the Dutc hand their allies. Began Friday Afternoon. “In the afternoon of February 27 a strong Japanese fleet which cov ered a convoy approaching from the north was attacked in Java Sea by an Allied squadron. "In the course of the fighting, which also continued after darkness had fallen, losses were sustained on both sides. The extent of these losses however, is not yet known be cause complete reports have not yet been received. "For the same reason, no review of this naval action can yet be given. The reports received indi cate. however, that the convoy, which consisted of tens of ships, re treated to the north in the course of the battle." Word that the enemy fleets had met and that the important en gagement was on was flashed with (See INDIES, Page A-4.) Ecuador-Peru Treaty Praised by Welles By th» Associated Press. Acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles in a statement today said the ratification by the Congresses of Equador and Peru of the agreement ending their ancient boundary dis pute was ‘‘further proof of the abil ity and determination of the Amer ican republics to settle all disputes between them by pacific methods." The Acting Secretary said the final solution of the controversary was “a matter of the deepest satis faction to the Government of the United States.” Betsey C. Roosevelt Soon to Wed, Report By ihc Associated Press. NEW YORK, Peb. 28.—Betsey Cushing Roosevelt, former wife of the President’s eldest son, James, will marry John (Jock) Whitney in a week or two somewhere in the South, the Daily News said today. The paper declared the nuptials probably would be held at one of the Whitney estates near Thomas ville, Ga. Mr. Whitney, who also has been married before, is now in charge of the motion picture division of the Office of Inter-American Affairs. II Fighting Slows Down On Bataan Peninsula; U. S. Holds Gains Minor Skirmishes by Patrols Feature Battle For Last Two Days By NELSON M. SHEPARD. Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s forces are holding tenaciously to advanced positions taken during two days of hard fighting on the Bataan front, a War Department communique reported today. It was disclosed that fighting still continues, although it is reduced to relatively minor patrol skirmishes. The Japanese were holding their main battle positions, the morning communique explained, but these positions have been forced back from one to fivs miles along the ; entire front. Gen. MacArthur’s forward posi tions now extend from slightly north of Aoucay on Manila Bay across the Bataan Peninsula to a point on the China Sea midway be tween Bagac and Moron. Intrenched in Mountains. This line, strongly intrenched in mountain passes and jungles, repre sents a dismal showing for the huge Japanese forces, whose own offensive was completely stalled as long ago as February 3. A War Department spokesman said Abucay is about 4 or 5 miles north of the key highway junction at Pilar and about 20 miles from the tip of the Bataan Penin sula, opposite the fortress island of Corregidor. During six weeks of intensive fighting Gen. Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander, had forced the defenders back to a line that extended roughly across Bataan from Pilar to the China Sea. Since then they not only failed to make any additional headway, but in the last two days of the American Filipino offensive the Japanese forces have been pushed back steadily. For more than a week the Japa (See PHILIPPINES, Page A-4.) American Bombers Strike First Blow At Japanese Convoy By Radio to The Star and Chicago Daily News. AMERICAN AIRBASE SOMEWHERE IN JAVA, Feb. 28—The first Allied blow against a Jap convoy speeding for the invasion of Java was struck by giant American bombers from this base. Your correspondent was on hand to see the big machines leave shortly after dawn Friday morning. Although all-night recon naissance over the spot had been impeded by a cloud blan ket and other poor weather conditions, Lt. Kenneth D. Casper led the formation over the great fan of invasion ships. Loosing bombs at 26,000 feet the aim was still obscured by broken clouds. On his return Lt. Casper described the anti aircraft fire as “intense and continuous.” One hit was observed on what was apparently a transport. Two other Jap strips were seen to break from the convoy and proceed to the rescue. The American bombers re gained this field and were im mediately refueled and re bombed for another raid (Copyright. 304*1. by Chicago Dally News. Inc.) Russians Shoot Down Nazi Planes Rushing Troops to East Front Desperate Attempt Made To Send Men and Supplies To Trapped 16th Army By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Feb. 28.—The Rus sians reported today that they were shooting down big troop transport planes jammed with Nazi soldiers fresh from training in Germany for a spring offen sive but who, instead, were rushed to the front in a desperate attempt to reinforce and save the trapped 16th German Army near Staraya Russa. Dispatches declared that Russian gunners and flyers were frustrat ing repeated Nazi efforts to get such troops through and to drop supplies and ammunition to more than 96,000 Germans virtually doomed within the tightening Red Army ring. The German position was im periled further by an outward thrust from the Red Army’s position at Leningrad and by the activity of guerrillas there who were said to have killed 10,480 Germans, includ ing two generals in the last six months. Pressure on Both Ends of Front. Increasing Red Army pressure at both ends of the long eastern front was indicated today in reports of the Red Army’s winter-end offen sive. On the north, where the soldiers of Leningrad are laboriously break ing down the Germans’ offensive fortifications virtually fun by gun, a broadcast said 1,140 more Ger mans had been killed and an artil lery battery and six more pill boxes destroyed. In an undesignated sector on the same front, where the encircled Nazis are reported faced with the choice of death or surrender on the frozen marshes of Staraya Russa, the radio said a counter attack by the Germans had been repulsed. Two Divisions Routed in South. This, presumably, was an attempt by the trapped Germans to break out of the Soviet pocket. Two Axis divisions—the German 113th and the Rumanian 1st—were routed on an undisclosed sector in the south and 7,500 of their soldiers were killed, the Soviet Information Bureau reported. Against these troops, it said, "our troops dealt vigorous flanking blows * * * overwhelmed them and forced (See RUSSIA, Page A-5.) WHERE SEA BATTLE RAGES—Japanese invading fleet sweep ing down toward Java were reported turned back by Allied warships today in great naval battle in Java Sea. Arrows point to area in which battle Is being fought. —A. P. Wirephoto. p - * Nazi Radio Station On Coast Razed With infantry Aid By the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 28—Daring British parachutists and sea borne infantry combined today in a destructive attack on a Ger man radio detector post in the first sizable incursion of the Northern French coast since the fall of France. Under cover of a protecting um brella of Royal Air Force fighters and with navy assistance the raid ers then withdrew. Timed to the minute, the para chutists dropped out of the clouds to form hastily as,an assault group against the German garrison at the same time that infantry, ferried across the English Channel, landed on the beach. Radio Stations Wrecked. Joining forces, the two detach ments which a military spokesman said could not be assumed to be "small.'' dealt a one-two punch to the Nazi force while demolition squads wrecked the radio stations. Then they departed as quickly as they had come, leaving behind a ruined location post and a dis persed force of German guards. Early this afternoon a military spokesman in London said it was not yet known whether ships bring ing the raiding parties back had yet landed in England. Major Air Battle Possible. The spokesman said the possibility of a major air battle between Ger man bombers dealing an aerial counter-stroke and the R. A. P. fighter umbrella "cannot be denied.” (Apparently this meant that possibly German bombers might be attempting to destroy the ships carrying the homeward bound troops in the English Channel and were meeting stiff opposition from British fighter planes.) No mention was made in a joint air, army and navy communique of the location of the raid except “on the north coast of Prance.” Some British sources predicted this feat by parachutists and in fantry might be the opening gun of a series of stabs against the Germans’ long, exposed flank from the Arctic Circle to the Bay of Biscay. Large-Scale Raid. The attack, against a radio post which presumably was used to de tect British bombers crossing the Channel, was the first major British raid on Northern Europe and also the first reported use of para chutists since the raid on Southern Italy February 14, 1941. The raid apparently was on a large scale since the troops were mentioned specifically as “infantry” and not as Commandos. It was the first time regular British infantry had been in France since the last of the B. E. P. left Brest June 18, 1940. a iew days before the French armistice. The use of an air-borne division suggested that the British might employ this unit—which had been trained secretly since the fall of Prance—in a series of extended raids on occupied territory. Parachute Army Built Up. The formation of an air-borne di vision was first mentioned officially in a House of Commons speech by Sir Archibald Sinclair, air secre tary. Following German successes with parachute troops, Britain has been building up a parachute army equipped with the most modem weapons. The parachutists are all volun teers. The men can leave a plane in six or seven seconds. Canisters containing weapons, ammunition, equipment and food are dropped simultaneously from the bomb racks. A joint Admiralty. War Office and Air Ministry communique said: “In a oombined operation, joint forces of the Royal Navy, of the Army and of the R. A. P. success fully attacked an important radio location post on the north coast of France. "Parachute troops of an air-borne division were dropped by bombers of the Royal Air Force. “The task was finished according to schedule and the parachute troops were supported in the latter part of their task by infantry and are being brought back by the Royal Navy.” Nazis Say Parachutists Withdrew in Two Hours BERLIN, (Prom German Broad casts), Peb. 28 UP).—'The German high command reported today that British parachute troops overcame weak coastal defenses on the north west coast of France last night and said they withdrew by sea two hours later "Under pressure of Ger man counter-measures." The daily high command com munique said of the raid: “A number of British parachutists landed on the north French coast last night. "After raiding a weak coastal de fense position they withdrew two hours later by sea under pressure of German counter-measures.” Hawaiians Volunteer HONOLULU, Peb. 28 UP).—Army authorities said yesterday 10,221 civilians had volunteered for emerg ency military service on this (Oahu) island in the event a last ditch defense became necessary. The volunteers are being classified and later will be instructed as to what to do if summoned. ^AWJTS just A FALSE lalarm;/ V / The Next Fellowy / THW TELLS ME To Keep ( Cool is Gonma Gepa L VPunch in the Snoot# Pay your money and take your choice. Tuesday Blackout Ordered Officially By Commissioners 10-Hour Test to Permit U. S. and D. C. Buildings To Maintain Lights The Commissioners today offi cially proclaimed the practice blackout previously announced for Tuesday night, but excluded Federal and District buildings, among others, from complying with the order. The proclamation also noted that certain sections of the city's black out regulations would not be in force on Tuesday, including the regula tion giving police officers and air raid wardens the right to enter premises to extinguish lights. Since this section also gives po lice officers, special police and war dens the authority to require citi zens to observe the blackout, the procedure Tuesday, according to the interpretation of the Corpora tion Counsel’s office, will be for wardens to make a note of persons not complying and report them to police who can then issue warrants for their arrest. Regulations for Tuesday. Regulations announced today to be effective only during the Tues day night practice blackout follow: 1. It shall be unlawful in the Dis trict of Columbia from 8 p.m. on March 3. 1942, to 6 a m. on March 4, 1942, for any person to allow or permit any light insfde any building to be visible from the outside, and it shall be unlawful for any person to bum any outside light, except: (a) Street lights, traffic lights and all exterior warning lights and sig nals under the control of the Dis trict of Columbia. (b> Navigation lights and aids to navigation, both air and water, in cluding airport, pier and wharf lights. (c) Driving lights on vehicles. (d) Lights on or incident to the operation of military equipment. <e) All lights customary for the normal operation of railroad and bus transportation, including term inal and other facilities thereof. Outdoor Smoking Allowed. (f) Exterior illumination due to lighted pipes, cigars, cigarettes, in cluding lights from matches and other means of lighting the afore said. (g) All lights customary for the normal operation of any public util ity and of any industrial plant en gaged during the prohibited period in essential war activity, Including all facilities thereof. (h) All lights emanating from Federal and District government operations, institutions, buildings and equipment. Any person violating any of the foregoing provisions shall, on con viction, be punished by a fine not (See BLACKOUT, Page A-4.) Price Ceilings Ordered on 10 Canned Fruits, 75 Vegetables Temporary 60-Day Order Issued In Effort to Curb Profiteering By th* Associated Pres*. Price Administrator Henderson placed 10 canned fruits and 15 canned vegetables under emer gency price ceilings today to halt price increases which he said would lead to profiteering and probably “accentuate hys teria.” The temporary 60-day ceiling, ef fective Monday, will freeze prices of the products at highest levels pre vailing between February 23 and February 27. Only canners and wholesalers are affected, but Mr. Henderson de clared that retail prices also would be frozen if necessary. Commodities Affected. Canned fruits covered by the or der are apples, applesauce, apri cots, cherries, fruit cocktail, fruit salad, peaches, pears, pineapples and plums. Canned vegetables involved are asparagus, all dry beans, lima beans, snap beans, beets, carrots, corn, peas, pumpkins, sauerkraut, spinach, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, tomato catsup and tomato juice. Mr. Henderson reported that av erage prices of canned fruits and vegetables at the canners level had increased about 20 per cent since last August while retail prices had advanced about 10 per cent in the same period. In addition to price increases, he explained, consumer hoarding and over-buying by wholesalers and re tailers had produced an "unhealthy condition which the price action will do much to alleviate.” Up to Retailer. "In the absence of direct price control at the retail level,” Mr. Henderson cautioned, "the responsi bility for keeping retail prices at a reasonable level rests squarely on the shoulders of the retailer. Should i (See CEILING, Page A-37) Japs Claim Repulse Of Force Attempting To Recapture Wake Two Warships Damaged, Five Planes Downed Feb. 24, Tokio Says 'The following dispatch was re ceived from an enemy country, whose motive in releasing news is likely to be propaganda Axis claims should be credited only when confirmed by Amer ican or Allied sources.) By the Associated Press. TOKIO (From Japanese Broad casts), Feb. 28.—Imperial head quarters said today that guns on Japanese-held Wake Island set fire to an enemy cruiser when a naval squadron, consisting of an aircraft carrier, two cruisers and six destroyers, was sighted near it at dawn February 24. The announcement did not give the fleet’s nationality. A destroyer was hit with bombs, it said, while Japanese naval planes also dropped bombs on a large cruiser and shot down five planes. It acknowledged only the loss of a (See WAKE. Page A-4.) Switzerland Closes 40 Paper Factories Special Dispatch to The Star. BERN, Switzerland, Feb. 28.—Be cause of an electric power shortage, the Swiss government today ordered 40 paper factories to shut down for two weeks starting tomorrow. About 7,000 persons will be out of work. In other conservation measures zinc was substituted for copper in coins, and hunters were ordered to i turn over skins of deer, stags and 1 chamois to the leather industry for use in shoemaking. Taxi Passenger Shot By Policeman After Speeding Argument J. C. Dollar Wounded; Officer W. V. Wilson Suspended by Kelly June C. Dollar, 43, a cab driver riding as a passenger in another taxi, halted for alleged ! traffic violations, was shot and ; critically wounded today by Po liceman Warren Vinson Wilson of No. 13 precinct, police re ported. Although Policeman Wilson said I his revolver was fired accidentally. Police Superintendent Edward J. Kelly quickly announced his suspen sion and promised "thorough inves tigation with no special treatment.” | According to the policeman’s ac ! count, he was off duty when he stopped the taxi for speeding and ! for using only its cowl lights, at 2:25 a.m., in front of 1401 Fifteenth street N.W. Mr. Dollar was siting in the right front seat. Tell of Argument. According to police, who quoted Policeman Wilson, Mr. Dollar '■ "started to curse.” and the officer went to his side of the car. Mr. Dol lar demanded of the policemai^ who was in civilian clothing, that he show identification. At the same time, police said, he rolled up his car window so the policeman’s left arm was caught. Unable to reach for anything else, Policeman Wilson pulled out his revolver — reportedly _ intending it only to establish his authority. What happened next is in question. According to Maj. Kelly. Policeman 1 Wilson tapped on the window glass (See SHOOTING, Page A-4.) Californians Grow Impatient as Washington Keeps Them in Dark About Dangers of War By SIGRID ARNE, Wtd« World Newi Service. LOS ANGELES, Peb. 28—This ; State's mister and missus don’t mind ■ having their backyards turned into a new front line, if that’s to be. But they're plenty sick and tired of the “little man who wasn’t there” quality to their daily drama. They’re not frightened. But they are in • ited. And it’s Washington that’s taking the behind-the-doors drubbing. Here are the big beefs: What are we waiting for about the Japanese? Let's move them all —alien and native born—inland. It’s obvious the Army is doing it by slow stages. Why not right away? It seems silly out here for a con gressional committee to be running up and down the coast asking ques tions when the P. B. I. raids have told this story : Guns, short wave radios, floodlights found in Japanese shacks. Does Washington, ask mis ter and missus, think the Japanese were just preparing for charades? Most inland cities don’t want the Japs either. There was a loud pro test when Orange County discovered some Japanese negotiating for use of a thousand acres. Several towns have protested new floods of coast Japanese, moving inland. It's pretty obvious that Washington will have to set up concentration camps In the long run. For Heaven’s sakes, what are we waiting for? asks Cali ftmia. What about the night Los Angeles’ 3,000,000 people shivered in the early morning watching “ack-ack” guns peper the sky with noise and flying shrapnel* That's the real headache on the West Coast. There are plenty of pertinent questions asked about that. First, say mister and missus, we’ve heard the alert was sounded several minutes before the planes—if there were planes—arrived overhead. If that's so, where were the American interceptor planes? Certainly not In the sky. All light, all right. Suppose our planes stayed on the ground so the ack-ack guns could fire? What did the guns bring down? Not a cock eyed thing: except their own flying shrapnel,'which did plenty of dam age. That is, if there were planes. Stimson and Knox. That’s where the “little man who wasn't there" begins to rear his ugly head. Then Secretaries Stimson and Knox really dragged the little man out for full dress parade. Mr. Knox said, “No planes were over the city." Mr. Stimson said, "There were 15 planes.” So what are mister and missus to believe? They're divided. Some think Col. Knox was right, and the anti aircraft firing was just a shake down cruise. Some swear they saw the planes, and believe that Col. Stimson was right, and they want (See CALIFORNIA, Page A-3.) I Roosevelt Asks For Increased War Output Plants Approaching 168-Hour Week, Nelson Replies By JOHN C. HENRY. President Roosevelt today called on Chairman Donald N. Nelson of the War Production Board for further intensification of the war effort in every fac tory, in every home, and on every farm. “This is total war,” Mr. Roosevelt said in a letter to the Nation's pro duction commander. “We are all under fire • * • To win we must fight." In immediate response, Chairman Nelson informed the Chief Executive that a great variety of ways are being devised for speeding the war production program, including an approach to a 168-hour factory work week and the establishment of joint labor-management war plant com mittees for the planning of increased production. Mexican Defense Unit. The White House also announced today the formalizing of previously announced plans for a joint Mex ican-United States Defense Com mission. The commission will be vested with the responsibility of studying and planning a defense program for the two countries. American rep resentatives will be Lt. Gen. Stan ley D. Embick and Vice Admiral Al fred W. Johnson, both retired. Mr. Roosevelt spared no emphasis on the urgency of this Nation’s war task in his letter to Mr. Nelson. "The months just ahead are the critical months of the war.” he told the production official. “Victory de pends in large measure on the in creased war production we are able to get from our factories and arsen als in the spring and summer of 1942. What has been done so far must be exceeded. This is total war. We are aU under fire—soldiers and civilians alike. No one is a spec tator. we are all belligerents. To win we must fight. Spring Needs Crucial. “The urgency of today must be felt in every shop and factory producing war goods, in every home and on every farm. Then we shall achieve the spirit and co-operative action that carries a team to victory. “I therefore direct you to take every possible 'step to raise produc tion now. to bring home to labor and management alike the supreme im portance of war production this crucial spring.” Mr. Nelson was similarly pointed in his reply. He wrote: "In response to your letter direct ing me to take every possible step to increase war production in the crucial months ahead, the War Pro duction Board is undertaking the following: “A continuing national drive, de signed not merely to increase pro duction at once but to keep stepping it up further as the war continues. “The principal aims of this drive are to increase production immedi ately in plants which now have war contracts and to convert other plants to war production as speedily and as completely as possible. Variety of Methods. “This will be made effective in a great variety of ways, including: “1. Greater utilization of plants now producing war goods, aimed at bringing as as close as possible to the theoretical maximum of 168 hours work per week for every ma chine in those plants. “2. Recognition and rewards for outstanding industrial accomplish ment, both by management and labor. “3. Establishment of a plan for joint labor-management war plant committees which will consider sug gestions from all quarters for in creasing production and which will help demonstrate the importance of our soldiers of production. “I have discussed this matter with officials of the War and Navy De partments and the Maritime Com mission and have been assured of their hearty co-operation. “Monday night I shall start a series of. weekly discussions of the part each one of us will play in this drive. I shall announce other de tails as rapidly as possible.” New Cruiser San Juan Commissioned at Boston By the Associated Press. BOSTON, Feb. 28 -Months ahead of schedule, the new *12,000,00# light cruiser San Juan, one of thl fastest and most heavily armed ships of its type ever launched, wai commissioned today at the Boston naval drydock. R. C. Grady, captain of the Bos ton Navy Yard, read the commis sioning orders and then turned thl vessel over to Capt. James C. Ma her, a native of Utica. N. Y„ whi will serve as her commanding offi cer. Capt. Maher, an Annapolii graduate in 1916 and a World Wai veteran who has seen service on aE types of naval craft, recentlj served two years in the office of thl Secretary of the Navy. Comdr William W. Juvenal, a native oi New Rochelle, N. Y., was name# executive officer. The cruiser, launched last Sep tember and sponsored by Mrs. Mar garta Coll de Santori, daughter of the president of the Board of Com missioners of San Juan, was thl first United States naval crafl named for the Puerto Rlcaa cap ital.