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Employment in U. S.
In Non-Farm Jobs Put at 39,850,000 January 15 Figure Represents 2,700,000 More Than Year Ago There were 39,850,000 persons em ployed In non-agricultural Jobs In the United States on January 15, a drop of 1,235,000 from the month before, but an Increase of 2,700,000 over the previous year’s total, Sec retary of Labor Perkins announced yesterday. Though conversion of consumer durable goods industries to war pro duction was a factor in the employ ment slump, seasonal declines in trade, construction and manufac turing were mainly responsible for the decrease, she said. There were 440,00 persons em ployed in the District same as in December, and 77,000 more than a year ago. Federal em ployment in the District increased 13.500 between mid-December and mid-January, according to esti mates of the Bureau of Labor Sta tistics. This was offset by declines in trade, construction and other lines. Non-agricultural employment in Maryland was 609,000, a decrease of 21,000 during the month. Vir ginia reported non-agricultural em ployment of 616,000 persons, a de crease of 4,000 over December. 4,000,000 Estimated Jobless. According to estimates of experts of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, approximately 4,000,000 persons are now jobless. They estimate the reserve labor supply of the country at 5,000,000 to 6.000. 000. Thjs supply is made up of employable women, students, aliens, over-age and retired workers and other similar classifications. About 10.000. 000 additional workers are thus available for the war effort. At a press conference yesterday, Secretary Perkins said there was no labor shortage at present. “We do \ foresee the possibility of a stringency in certain industries later, when war j production reaches Its peak," she said. Secretary Perkins also said that she saw no economic reason for abolishing the 40-hour work week and the statutory requirements for the payment of overtime for hours in excess of 40. Such a move, she explained, would not result in more production or working time. According to a survey made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than two-fifths of the plants in de fense industries are now operating their equipment for 160 hours a week or more. Three-fourths of the defense plants, the survey disclosed, are carrying on part of their work for 120 hours or more. No “Rigid * 40-Hour Week. “The only extensive use of the 40-hour week for individual workers is in continuous-process plants, where 168 hours of machine opera tion is obtained by using four shifts of workers," the bureau report said. "Outside of the continuous-process industries, the customary shifts in defense plants are 48, 50, 55 or 60 hours. Seven out of every 10 of the workers in these plants are on a schedule of 48 hours or more and average 46 hours or more of actual working time, even after allowing for absenteeism and labor turnover.” “A rigid 40-hour week does not exist in the United States. Premium payments for hours worked over the 40 per week are generally re quired by law and union agreements, but it is doubtful whether suspen sion of these requirements would result in any increase in the actual working time of defense industries. Only two out of 650 employers re plying to the bureau’s recent in quiry stated that overtime pay after 40 hours stood in the way of more complete plant operation. Lack of delivery of required materials was reported persistently as a reason for restricted total hours of work each week. “Excessive hours of work now pre sent a problem that is nearly as im portant as the problem of incom plete use of working time. Among the 1,400.000 defense workers sur veyed, at least one-eighth are work ing on schedules of 56 hours, 60 hours or longer. Such schedules are almost unanimously condemned by employers because they are gener ally too long for the achievement of maximum output.” Closing Chicago Grain By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, Feb. 28.—Com. rye and soybeans prices developed inde pendent strength in the grain mar ket today, rising fractions to a cent or more, but wheat and oats de clined. Most of the demand for the mar ket leaders came from professional traders who were covering previous short sales, but brokers also re ported some commission house buy ing that apparently originated with processors, shippers and elevators. Heavy feeding demand for corn as well as expanded industrial re quirements for both com and beans were bullish factors. Trade in all pits was restricted, however, by cau tion of most dealers because of the controversy between the farm bloc in Congress and the administration regarding disposal of Government owned ever-normal-granary wheat and com. Wheat sagged as much as % cent at one time and closed Vi-% lower than yesterday, May, $1.29%-$1.29; July, $1.30%. Corn finished Vi-V4 higher. May, 86%-87; July, 89-89%; oats unchanged to V* oS; rye, %-% higher; soybeans, Vi-** higher. WHEAT— Open. Hiah. Low. Close. May .. 1.29% 129% 1.28% 1.29% July 191 1.31% 130% 1.30% Bept. 1.32% 1.32% 1.32 V, 1.32 V, CORN: _ „ Mar. .83% Mav . .80% .87% .80% .80% July __ .87% .89% .88% .89 Bcpt. _ .90% .90% .90% .90% OATS: May .57% .57% .57 .57% July_ .50% .50% .50% 50% Sept. __ .56% .58% .50% .50% SOYBEANS: May. old 195% 1.98% 1.95% 1.95% ■ New 197% 1.97% 1.97 1.97 July, old 1.90% 197% 1.98% 1.98% Nsw._ 1.98% Oct. ... 1,90% 1.91V, 1.90% 1.90% RYE' May .88 .80% .85% .80 July ... .88% .89% .88% .88% Sept, .90% .90! a .90% .90% LARD: Mar - - __ __ 12.55 May _ -- -- -- 12.07 33y - — .. 12.80 Sept. . 12.82 Chleago Cash Market. Cash wheat, No. 4 red. 1.28. Com, No. t mixed, 95; No. 2 yellow. 84Vet No. 3. 80 1: No. 4. 75-79%: sample. 70; No. 3 white. 90: No. 4. 91%. Oats, No. i mixed, 67%: No. 2 mixed, heavy. 67%: No. 1 white, 67-68%: No. *. 68-58%; NO 1 apeclal red. heavy, 67%. Barley malting, 80-99 nominal; feed and •creenings. 57-87 nominal. Soy beans. No. 4 yellow. 1.82%. Field seed, per hundredweight, nominal. Timothy seed 7.50-75: alsike. 15.50 J8.00; red top. 8.00-75: red clover, 18.00 18.00; sweet clover, 8.50-9.00, MIAMI, FLA,—WINDSOR PLANS BAHAMAS DEFENSE-The Duke of Windsor (right) flew here yesterday in a regular P. A. A. passenger plane to seek United States Navy aid in defending the Bahamas, 200 miles oft Florida, where he is royal governor. He was greeted by (left to right) Capt. R. S. Crenshaw, commandant, seventh naval district; Capt. G. A. Borgan, commandant, Miami Naval Air Station, and George McDonald, his host at Miami Beach. —A. P. Wirephoto. 3,000 Square Miles Area Blacked Out; . Test '99 Pet. Perfect' Baltimore and Jersey Coastal Regions Darkened For 15 Minutes By t*>f Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Md., Feb. 28.—Two vital Atlantic Coast areas totaling more than 3,000 square miles blacked out in tests last night, and the official verdict termed both of them close to perfection. The word for Baltimore and 2,261 square miles of surrounding terri tory along the western shore of Chesapeake Bay from the Penn sylvania State line to the suburbs of Washington was "99 9-10 per cent perfect.” That was the opinion of Col. Henry H. Barrett, chief of air-raid precautions for Maryland. The verdict for a 1.000-square mile coastal area in New Jersey, pronounced by Arthur N. Beadleton, civil defense co-ordinator who watched from an airplane, was ‘"a 99 per cent plus success.” Few Lights Spotted. Discounting navigation and dan ger signals, which were left aglow, Mr. Beadleton said he spotted only five lights in the whole Jersey area, which included three military posts and more than 60 municipalities, i There was one fatality: A dairy farmer was killed in a collision i while en route to his emergency police post. i The Baltimore blackout covered a vital industrial area in which live 1.400.000 persons, more than two ! thirds of Maryland's entire popu 1 lation. | The Glenn L. Martin aircraft ; plant and a dozen or more other j important plants engaged in war production were exempt from the blackout which, like that in New ‘ Jersey, lasted 15 minutes. Gas Lamps Big Problem. Baltimore's 17,000 gas street lamps, which had to be put out by hand, presented one of the biggest problems. Air-raid wardens and citizens alike co-operated to •per form this task, but at least one lamp will have to be replaced. An unidentified woman tele phoned police five minutes after the sirens sounded to tell them the faulty lamp wouldn't turn off. As the man at the desk listened, he heard over the telephone a crash and tinkle of falling glass. “Never mind,” said the woman, “some one just put it out with a brick.” Broadened Guayule Bill Goes to White House By the Associated t^ess. Broadened to meet a presidential objection which brought an earlier veto, legislation to authorize the Agriculture Department to develop guayule rubber was approved by the House today and sent to the White House. It allows the department to plant and develop up to 75,000 acres of the rubber-bearing plant in the West ern Hemisphere and to purchase at a cost not exceeding #2.000,000 prop erties in California of the Intercon tinental Rubber Co., which has been experimenting with guayule for marly years. As originally passed and vetoed, the bill limited the development pro gram to the United States. The President’s veto message requested it be broadened to allow the pro gram to be carried on anywhere in the Western Hemisphere, and the Senate and House agreed to that change. Strike of Engineers Sent to War Board By the Associated Press. A dispute involving the Union Electric Co. of St. Louis and the International Union of Operating Engineers, A. P. L., was certified today to the National War Labor Board. The Labor Department said cer tification was made by Secretary Perkins after conciliation methods had failed. The union has charged the company with violation of con tract regarding Job transfers, lay offs and wage adjustments. OLDEST TANK SOLDIER RETIRES—Master Sergt. Her man M. Brown, oldest man from point of service in the Army's oldest tank unit, the 66th Armored Regiment of the 2d Armored Division, is re tiring today at Fort Benning, Ga. Sergt. Brown, who spent 20 of his 34 years in the serv ice at Fort Meade, Md., will join his wife and five children at their home in Purdum, Md. —2d Armored Division Photo. Court-Martial (Continued From First Page.) military service likewise entitle him to retirement with annual pay of *6,000. Trials to Be Separate. Officials said the general charge of dereliction of duty was covered by many definitions. Gen. Short and Admiral Kimmel will be tried separately, it was deemed certain, because Army and Navy procedure are not identical and no precedent was recalled for a joint trial. However, much of the testimony presumably would be identical. Whether the trials will be closed or public is yet to be decided; precedents allow for either. Under conventional procedure, the trials would be conducted by courts of high ranking admirals and gen erals, as regulations provide that an inferior rank should not judge a superior where this could be avoided. A defendant may rely on a fellow officer for counsel, or make use of a civilian attorney. The court itself designates one member as a “law member,” often a lawyer officer. In a military court, testimony is received and weighed in much the same manner as in a civilian trial. Court to Fix Penalty. The court-martial itself is em powered by regulations, in most cases, to fix the sentence agreed on, and officials declined to speculate what sentence was possible for con viction on the charge of dereliction of duty. Brig. Gen. “Billy” Mitchell, out spoken Air Corps officer, who criti cized his superiors and was con victed of insubordination, was or dered relieved of his command and to forfeit pay and allowances, but on an appeal President Coolidge com muted the sentence to loss of only half pay. Gen. Mitchell immediate ly resigned from the service. The Mitchell trial was the best known in the military service in re cent years. Following the First World War numerous courts-martial cases were tried stemming from the conflict, but few involved officers of high rank. Any sentence imposed on Gen. Short or Admiral Kimmel will be subject to appeal to the President, after the court’s findings have been studied for possible errors by a board of review. Admiral Kimmel Silent On Court-Martial Plans HENDERSON. Ky., Feb. 28 UP).— Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, former Pacific Fleet commander, against whom court-martial charges are being prepared, declined com ment today. He is here visiting his brothers, S. H. Kimmel and Lambert Kimmel. Mrs. Kimmel is visiting their son Ned at Princeton University. Wife Seeks Divorce ROCKVILLE, Md.. Feb. 28 (Spe cial).—Herbert T. Jackson of Co lumbia, S. C., is named defendant in a suit for an absolute divorce filed in the Circuit Court here by Mrs. Virginia Stoddard Jackson of (his county, who charges desertion. Clamor for Britain To Take Offensive In War Increases Ex-Head of Commandoes Says Firm Conscription Measures Are Needed By the Associated yress. LONDON, Feb. 28.—More vigorous conscription for war industry, closer co-ordination of the fighting services and prompt offensive action, with special attention to sea warfare, were demanded today by speakers at sev I eral rallies in Britain. The week-end political talks ac centuated the criticisms heard la:t week in the House of Commons and in the press and reflected the grow ing clamor to abandon defensive strategy. Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, ex-com- j mander of the Commandos, told a i Yorkshire audience that "it is about j time the government ruled and gave j 1 orders—orders which I am sure would be obeyed with relief by every one throughout the country.” Must Take Germany by Throat. Only by firm conscription meas ures wouid 100 per cent war effort be achieved, he asserted. Sir Archibald Sinclair, Air Min-1 ister. declared "we must take Ger- j many by the throat and shake the ! strength out of her; we must start not in 1944 or 1943, but in 1942.” "The United Nations,” he added, “have two instruments at their dis posal for hammering Germany in 1942—the Red Army and the R. A. F. We must strengthen the R. A. F.'s offensive power. Give us the weapons —the R. A. F. and the Russians will know what to do with them.” Ready to Bomb Germany. He pledged that when the weather cycle changed "the bomber com mand will be ready to carry into j Germany destruction on a far greater scale than your own city suffered a year ago.” Col. J. J. Llewellin, new minister of aircraft production, told a Welsh national luncheon in London, how ever, that "we are in for the tough est year of our lives. The Royal Navy is stretched to the uttermost; the Army is fighting in all parts of the world; airforce pilots are straining to get at the enemy and find many fronts over w’hich to do so.” Eastman Sees No Need For U. S. Rail Operation By the Associated Press. ATLANTA, Feb. 28.—Unlike 1917, the railway carriers have so far “done splendid work” in the emer gency and there have been no occa sion for the Government to take over their properties, Joseph B. Eastman, director of the Office of Defense Transportation said last night. "They remain in the hands of the private owners, and upon those owners still rests the immediate responsibility of management and operation.” Mr. Eastman told the Atlanta Freight Bureau. “The Office of Defense Transpor tation was not created because the carriers had In any way been delin quent, but to protect the future and centralize the responsibility which clearly rests upon the Government, of seeing to it that transportation is able to play, and does play effec tively and well, its indispensable part in the war effort.” Mr. Eastman praised co-operation shown Detween carriers and ship pers, but said the shippers have not yet done all possible to make the best use of cars. Indians Plow Up Canyon To Boost War Crops By the Arrociated Press. GRAND CANYON, Ariz., Feb. 28. —The Little Supai Indian Tribe is going right along with Uncle Sam’s plea to boost production. Impressed by pictures of famine conditions in Poland, the tribe, which numbers 200 members and lives in the isolated Havasu Can yon, has undertaken its most ex tensive fanning program. They’ve plowed up the whole bot tom of the canyon, and fanning machinery is being packed down a tortuous trail on the backs of ponies to help along the war pro duction effort. What makes Sammy ran? He’s in a harry ta bay Defense bands. Jap Strategy Aimed At Junction With Nazis in Near East Allied Supply Routes Would Be Cut, Tokio Newspaper Suggests By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 28.—Japan’* broad strategy apparently^calls for a westward strike into the Indian Ocean in an effort to loot India, cut the United Nations’ supply routes to the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, and finally establish a junction with Germany somewhere in the Near East. This ambitious plan, one of real peril to the Allied Nations, was suggested today by the Tokio For eign Office mouthpiece, the Japan Times and Advertiser, which pointed out that Singapore's fall put Jap anese warships in a position to prey on United States and British ship ping northward from the Cape of Good Hope and ‘‘to destroy the whole Anglo-Soviet plan of material co-operation.” The reference to Russia was curi ous because Japan is at peace with Russia, although many do not ex pect the peace to last. "The situation in the" Indian Ocean now has undergone a drastic change,” the Tokio newspaper said. " American and British shipping can no longer sail those waters un challenged.” Flanking Threat at Java. The immediate snag to a big Jap anese push westward is the flanking threat of Java. Japanese submarines long ago were reported operating in the Bay of Bengal, the upper eastern part of the Indian Ocean, and Japanese planes now have struck at Indian territory, raiding the Andaman Islands, 350 miles southwest of Ran goon. The fall of Rangoon itself, already abandoned as a port for supplying the Chinese, would ex pose Calcutta, 660 air-line miles away. Singapore is only 1,630 miles from Calcutta, but Japanese-occupied Penang, off the West Malayan coast, is even nearer. In contrast, the New York-Calcutta sea route is 12,275 miles around the tip of Africa. In giving up the Burma road the Chinese look forward to aid through Calcutta, up the Brahmaputra River system to Sadlya. where the so called Assam-Sikang road is under construction. Other Objectives in India. Besides Calcutta, other likely i Japanese objectives in the near future are Madras, farther down the Indian coast, and Colombo, Ceylon’s capital on the strategic island off Southern India’s tip. West of Ceylon in the Arabian Sea lie the United States and Brit ish routes to the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The former is a main artery for supplies sent through Iran to Russia’s Red Army. If Japan could block the Indian Ocean routes the United States ■ would be cut off from that whole area and Japan would control the seas from Hawaii to Suez. Likewise, a German thrust through the Mediterranean basin might provide an eventual link with the Japanese for a pooling of war resources. Would Cut Off China and Russia. ! China and Russia would be iso lated, and the United States and Britain left hanging on the fringes of the Old World. Against the grand strategy in which the United Nations are at a , disadvantage because of huge trans- | portation problems, there are these counter-possibilities: The successful holding of Java j or an eventual Allied counter-of fensive from Australia; a United States “stepping stone" assault on Japan's back door via the Aleutian Island chain off Alaska; or a direct Russian assault on Tokyo from Vladivostok, only 650 air line miles away. — Two Firemen Promoted; Two Named Privates The Commissioners late yesterday announced two promotions and two appointments in the District Fire Department. Inspector Raymond C. Roberts was made deputy fire marshal in place of Charles G. Achstetter, who retires March 1. At the same time Pvt. Charles Laschalt was promoted to the rank of inspector, succeeding Roberts. The two new privates named were Joseph F. Huppmann and James G. Crews. Autos (Continued From First Page.) t purposes except where the old fa cilities would be absolutely inade quate for the purposes intended. This has been particularly true on aviation projects and as contracts | are being placed emphasis is put on I using available facilities and ma- \ : chine tools with the same thought i that you express of conserving ma terials and tools. “Now that the automobile industry no longer has any automobiles to make, its whole thought and effort is concentrated on the production of war materials and I have no doubt that the same ingenuity that has produced their records in the past will make itself manifest in the man ner in which war products will be turned out in quantity. Orders for Smaller Producer. “It is also interesting to note that the orders that have been placed with the three large companies re quires more than one-half of the value of their final output to be ! placed by these companies with smaller suppliers in order to pro . duce the amount required. Such 1 orders aw now being placed down the line and will, during the next 60 days, reach the smaller manu facturers in larger and increasing quantities. One preliminary survey of 118 companies interested shows that on January 29, 1941, they al ready had orders which would in volve 92 per cent of their 1941 em ployment and a dollar volume of 99 per bent of their 1941 output, yet they were using but 68 per cent of their existing floor space. "I appreciate your pledge of co operation and assistance at this time of national crisis and hope that this information answers the In quiry that you have made. “Very truly yours, «(FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT) F. B. I. EMPLOYES CONTRIBUTE TO POLICE BOYS’ CLUB—J. Edgar Hoover, F. B. I. director, turned over $1,200 from bureau employes to H. Clifford Bangs, president of the Metropolitan Po lice Boys’ Club, yesterday. Looking on is L. Gordon Leech, director of the $100,000 club cam paign, which has raised nearly $53,000 so far. —Star Staff Photo. ____ Woolton Urges Lashing to End Ration Offenses By tr» >ssoeiated Press. LONDON, Feb. 28-Lord Wool ton, British food minister, advocated whipping and severe prison terms for black marketeers today as a campaign against illicit traffic in rationed food and clothes got under way. He met with Hugh Dalton, presi dent of the board of trade, and Her bert Morrison, minister of home se curity, to plan a three-department offensive. The food minister declared he was doubtful whether anything but •penal servitude and threat of flogging" would frighten the rack eteers. Simultaneously, Jews in London, Birmingham, Leeds. Manchester. Glasgow and Cardiff organized "black tribunals" to punish Jews caught in black market operations. The tribunals would deal out pun ishment by business pressure and social ostracism. Liquor Shortage Irks U. S. Troops in Ireland By the Associated Presi. BELFAST, Feb. 28— American troops in Northern Ireland are com-! menting drily on the present short age of beer, whisky and -gin in Ulster. Eire's ban on the export of beer j has left the pubs with nothing but! sympathy to offer their thirsty cus tomers. Whisky and gin already are short throughout Britain. Many pub owners said they would be out of stock by the week-end and began suggesting street demon strations to demand government action. Cafe on Ninth Street Imperiled by Blaze Fire originating in the kitchen of the Busy Bee Restaurant, 618 Ninth street N.W.. at noon today caused more excitement then damage. Two truck and four engine com-; panies rushed to the scene and in a short time extinguished the small blaze in the rear of the four-story building. Automobile traffic was di verted on Ninth street between G and H streets. - i 9 Racing Results Hialeah Park By the Associated Pirss. FIRST RACE—Purse. *150(1: allow ances; 5-year-olds 3 furlongs (chute) dh Bullpen (Peters) 3.30 3.40 5 80 dh f All Hoss i Arcarol 3 80 3.20 2.70 Joe Burger (Wholey) 7.10 Time. 0:34. Also ran—Listing. Signal Tower. Victory Play Her Guardian Blended Well. Mr Infinity. Rubber City. Black Grip. Blue Pom f Mad Time, f Fresh Money. dh Deadheat for first position, f Field. 8ECOND RACE—Purse. *1.500: claim ing: 4-year-olds and upward: 1V« miles. T peze Artist (Mehrtens) 5.30 3.BO 2.90 West Wiihlta (Breen) 5.90 3 70 Chance Ray (Wielander) 8 60 Time. 2:07V Also ran—Stand Alone. Stable. Bonified Wood Blaze. Hand and Glove. Purling Light. Shasta Mollle, Door Bell. Tough Bird. Daily Doubles. Bullpen and Trapeze Artist, paid *8.80. All Hoss and Trapeze Artist, paid */.<0. THIRD RACE—Purs« *1.400: allow ances: 3-year-olds: 6 furlongs. Arthur J. (Wright) 31.70 12 00 5 40 Baku (Arcaro) 5.0 3.80 Eire (Gilbert) 3.30 Time. 1:12 3-5. Also ran—-8oread Eagle. Deviltry. Ctla tan and Last Sou. FOURTH RACE—Purse. *1.500: allow ances: 4-year-olds and up: 6 furlongs. Warlock (Atkinson) 22.80 9.20 4.80 Johnnie J (Meadel 5.00 3.50 Doublrab 'Wielander) 3.30 Time. 1 ill's. _ Also ran—Zacatine. Kingfisher and Daily Delivery. » Oaklawn Park FIRST RACE—Purse. *600: claiming: 4-year-olds and uoward: 6 furlongs (chute). Otto's Choice (Guerin) 6.30 3.10 2.60 King Cotto n(Brooks) 2.60 2.20 Kilocycle (Dattllo) 2..0 Time. 1:15 3-5 , Also ran—Algeomar. Rea! Boy. Miss Grief. Mister Major. Vote Boy. First Fam ily. f Skean Dhu, f Wee Bit and f Mollda. t Field. SECO»D RACE—Purse. *600: claiming: 3-year-olds: 6 furlongs. _ Mad Crusader (Franklin) 9.90 5 20 4.10 f All Glee (Wilsonl 11.40 11.80 f Madam High (Brooks) 11.80 Time. 1:17. . . _ Also ran—Shasta Man. Chance Lark. In voice. Spectator. Rsnfle Brillmiss. Valdina Ria. f Aunt Pet and Roman Tea. * (Daily Double paid *25.10.) Gamet-Patterson Students Give 2,000 Victory Books Nearly 2,000 victory books have been collected by the 1,030 students of Gamet-Patterson Junior High School in the first Intensive cam paign for books for service men to be started in the colored schools. The drive, to last for a week, is sponsored by the girl patrols of the school, directed by Mrs. Dorothy P. Beckley. Before the campaign be gan Thursday the English teachers made suggestions to their classes as to adventure books mo6t enjoyed by the soldiers, sailors and marines In far-flung military posts. Mrs. Philip S. Smith, chairman of the drive, said she expects similar intensive drives to develop in more of the schools, which already have been contributing books in a day to-day basis for the last three weeks. The first determined drive in a District school was put on last month by Western High School, whose 7.000 total contributions set a record for schools in the country. Total in the victory book cam paign here is already well over 57,000, Mrs. Smith announced. Rites Slated Tomorrow For Mrs. S. E. Douglas Mrs. S. Elbert Douglas, 72. who 1 died Wednesday at her home in Preston. Md.. after an illness of several days, will be buried In Fed eralsburg, Md., following services at the home at 2:30 p.m. tomorrow. She lived in Preston all her life, except for two years at East New Market, where she was bom, and five years at Laurel. She is survived by her husband, S. Elbert Douglas, canner, building supplies and feed distributor; six children, Mrs. Ruth Gary, Mrs. George C. Graft and Miss Isabelle Douglas, all of Washington; Percy C. Dougles, Preston; Phillip E. Doug las, Hurlock, and'James E. Douglas, Nassawadax, Va.; several grand children; a brother, J. Richard Phil lips, jr. and a sister, Mrs. Nelson Henry Fooks. Oaklawn Park Entries For Monday By the Associated Press. FIRST RACE—Purse. $600; claiming; 4-year-olds and upward: 6 furlongs. Cloudy Weather 112 Paul Lee 112 xMi-Due -10? xBnght and E ly 113 xBrown Moss.. 102 Lady Bride* ux 107 Memphis Lad.. 112 Windshield _112 Blue Orchid_10? Fylfot _112 xSonny John_113 Peaeharino _110 Pillorlad _118 Mismark ... 113 Patras _112 xBelle Elan_loft Burston Manor, lift Pearl Alma_113 SECOND RACE—Purse. $600; special weights: maidens; 3-year-olds: 6 furlongs Board's Miss... Ill Symmetry _111 Top Note .. 116 Pettlne . .. Ill Straw Basket.. Ill Columbus Day 116 Masculine _116 Good One . ill Hy Broom_111 Pea Green .. Ill Baeaseen _116 Bright Honey.. 110 Black Susie .. Ill Caboodle _ 111 Max Greenock. 110 Panalaver _111 Miss Pert _111 Lottie Son_110 THIRD RACE—Purse. $000: claiming: 4-year-olds and upward; 8 furlongs Plying Bonny 108 Count Chat 113 xocean Bound 103 Valdina Bishop 113 xParl Sucre_ 111 Argella _111 Shaheen _113 Cinesar - 110 xHasty Star 103 Sldout 108 Molasses Mibs. 108 Black Brummel 113 xBig Bubble_114 Heathtown .. 108 Chance Sord .. Ill xWonana -loft Polaris_113 Graustark _113 FOURTH RACE—Purse. $600; allow ances; 3-year-olds. 6 furlongs Clrio 116 Quiz Kid _110 Henry Greenock 113 Don Devito _. 110 Judson __110 Captain Fury.. 110 Pittlstraw -111 FIFTH RACE—Purse. *800; allowances: 4-year-olds and upward 0 furlongs. Bold Grafton .113 Chi ..llOi Touch and Go 119 Joan T. .111 Be Blue ..111 Time Counts_119 aBook Plate.. 110 Whichwins ..116 b Stalking .119 Jay Stevens .110 Shaun G. .116 a Last Call-110 Cooling Spring 110 bOur Mat -110 c Marogay .110 c Sun Glnaer ill a Mts G H Emic entry, b L. Rowan and Double H Ranch entry. c Aberdeen Stable entry. SIXTH RACE—Purse. *600: claiming. 4-year-olds and upward: 1 mile and 70 yards. Forsooth _ 112 Buyer Beware.. 107 Battery _ 118 Betrothed _107 Dlavolo CUf_112 Easy Goer ... 112 Khaygram_ 110 xDarld B . Jr... 110 Lucia's Sun_112 Eouloval- 112 8EVENTH RACE—Purse. *000 clalm ina: 4-year-olds and upward; 1miles xMascot _100 Radio Wave-111 Ring o' Love... Ill xLowry -111 Valdina Opal_111 Chief Jean_116 Prefer Transit. 110 xSoar.ali -111 Grecian King _ 110 xManymor-111 xldle Lad _ 111 xArcadlan _111 xBui; Market . Ill xRouch Oolng. Ill Strolling By . 116 xjean Lee - 111 High Talent_116 xsllver B- 111 EIGHTH RACE—Purse. *000: claiming: 4-year-olds and upward: 1V« miles. Stair* . 113 xPomDton _116 xSlr Broadside. Ill Din - 110 xHoll Image .. IIS xMaJesttc -100 Lady 81sto_111 xHi-Car! _113 xMuscattn*_Lll Slight Error-110 xCannlbal _111 xUncle Peter— 111 Papa Jack_110 xUltteville _106 Ellacaw _111 xWaklta -106 xMoonbow _106 xKosse -113 xApprentlee allowance claimed. Good. Nazis Lack Medical Supplies, Captured Army Physician Says By the Associated Preu. MOSCOW, Feb. 28.—A captured German Army physician was quoted by Russian sources today as say ing that “senseless” Insistence on "Aryan” blood intransfusions for wounded soldiers had complicated German surgical care on the Rus sian front. “Senseless race theories,” he was quoted, cause both officers and sol diers to insist on getting “pure” blood and as a result the trans fusion supply is becoming more and more scarce. The physician, identified ms Dr. Paul Schultz*. 3d Battalion, 196th Regiment, 68th German infantry position, also was said to have told of a “drastic lack” of other ele mentary supplies, such as bandages, iodine and cotton. He said skin diseases are prevalent among soldiers at the front and wound mortality is high. Out of tk* original 600 men in his battalion, he said only about 300 were left and most of them were suffering from frostbite. He said the German command regards a soldier as not sick as long as he can move. Cargo of Goats Exceeds Worry Of Auto Repairs Dennis Duvall. Georgetown garage proprietor, doesn't object to the nor mal niceties of his business, but in the future he will draw the line at being host to a family of goats for a week. A feminine customer pulled into his garage driving an expensive car. j “Look this car over and fix up those spark plugs.” she said. "Keep it overnight. I’ll be back in the morn ing. And if those goats get hungry please feed ’em. There’s some milk in the back of the car,” she said. Duvall looked in. He saw three young goats sequestered in the rear seat of the car. He fed them that night from milk bottles. But the customer didn't come back for a week. "Yeah, we fed those goats.” said Duvall. “We went out and bought milk for them every day. The woman 11 didn't know her name) came back a week later and drove away. She didn't make any comment except to thank me for feeding the animals. But they ate up about $35 worth of expensive up holstery from the seat*.” Rene J. Probst Funeral Monday Funeral services for Rene J. Probst, 50. of ”26 Thayer avenue. Silver Spring, will be held at 9:15 am. Monday at St. Michael's Cath olic Church, Silver Spring, with burial in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mr. Probst. who was a salesman for the Capitol Products Co., died suddenly Thursday while visiting relatives in Washington. A native of Brooklyn, N. Y., he developed several communities near Babylon, Long Island. Mr. Probst was a member of St. Michael’s Church and of the Holy Name Society. He came to Wash ington six years ago. Besides his widow, Mrs. Mae Probst. he is survived bv' a sister, Mrs. Olga Crowley of Lyndon, N. J. Hialeah Park Entries For Monday By the Associated Press. FIRST RACE—Purse *1.200: special weights; maidens, 2-year-clds; 3 furlongs i chute i. ; Trustee (no boy) _ 117 aOur Cladden mo boy)_120 Bovenland (Gilbert) _ICO Sweet Repose (no boyi _ICO Time Was mo boy) _ ICO Rewarded (no boy)_117 Ringmenow mo boy)_ ICO i Credentials mo boy) _ICO Whirligig (no boyi _117 I Adroit (no boy) _117 Betty Leon (no boy) _117 I Runebb* Pride mo boy) __c_ICO Civil Code (Haas' _ICO xFin Try mo boy) _ 115 aPlytng John (no boy) _ICO Bolo Tie <no boy) _ ICO Buckra (no boy) _ICO Bull's Eye mo boy . ICO a E. K Bryson and H M Babylon entry, SECOND RACE—Purse. *1,200: claim ing: 4-year-olds and up 7 furlongs (chute). Blockader iHarrell) 11.5 I xVictory Bound (Brunellei_Ho xUnknown Land <no boyi_ 105 xRelious (Day) _*_10S xBeamy (Wieiandey _ 110 Smart Crack • Smith) _ 110 Young County mo boy)_ 115 Prairie Dog (Moore) _115 Blue Flyer (no boy) _ 115 Alned (Howell) _ 113 xBayport (no boy) _113 xDown Six mo boy)_103 One Tip (no boy) __ _113 SWetsenheimer mo boy)_ 110 ilno Beau (Pollard) ns xRemote Control iW. Stridden_110 THIRD RACE—Purse, *1.200: special weights, maidens 3-year-olds 6 furlongs. Southport (Schmidl) _ _ ICO Stimstone (no boy) _ 12( Tellmemore mo boy) _ ICO Playnelds iHowell) __ US xHappy Chic (Wright) _115 "Grand Promise (Vercher) - UJ Awakener (McCombs) _ _ 124i Aunt Millie (Pulliam) _ _ 115 El Caballero mo boy) _ICO xNominee (Seaman) _115 xHtrd Wrack (no boy) _ ICO Strolling Easy (no boy)___115 xTorian (no boy) _ 115 Maepal (no boyi _ ICO Bygonea (no boy) _ lC(j Billy O. (Arcaroi _ lCfl FOURTH RACE—Purse, f 1.400; allow* snces. 4-year-olds and upward; 6 fur longs. Tragic Ending (Peters)_118 xKansas City (no boy) _ 108 Speed to SBare <Eads)_118 Lassator (no boy»_118 Chaldese (Woolf) _ 113 Zayin (no boy) _jlfl Hoptown Lass (Wtmmer)_Il3 xLitchfleld (no boy) _105 Big Ben (Arcaro)_118 Strong Arm (James)_111 FIFTH RACE—Purse. *1.500; allow, ances: 4-year-olds and upward; 1)4 mile) • turf course). xArestlno (no boy) __ 10(1 Celaeno (Claggett) ___103 xTrois Pistoles (no boy)____ 111 Minnelusa (no boy) _,_111 Ship Biscuit (Bodlou)_101 SIXTH RACE—Purse. *10 000 added: Black Helen Handicap. 3-r»ar-oidi Mid up* ward; 1*4 mile* Up the Hill (May)___118 Pretty Pet (no boy)___ 120 Silveetra (no boy) . —-_, Joq The Swallow (lleade)_. r-» .r -_ 108 Neetonlan (no boy) _- _Ion Pomayya (Robertson) __m_115 Tex Hygro (no boy)_. -_103 One Jest (Haskell)_— ___100 Cls Marlon (McCombs) _118 Dark Discovery (Arcaro ( _110 SEVENTH RACE—Purse. #1.200; claim int: 4-year-olds and upward: 1 ta miles xButtermllk • Rogers) _ 108 xWiyrle! (Wlelander) .114 xLast Chance (Brennan) _ log xAlr Cooled (no boy) _ini xPaper Plate (Rogers) _101 Lou Bright (Atkinson: _ Ida xHereshecomes (Btrlckler) _118 Placer Inn (no boy) _108 iKini'i Error (no boy) _ 104 All Even (no boy) _ 109 xDust Cap (no boy)_107 Pick Out (no boy) _ 1<»8 White Samite (no boy)_111 xBetty Main (Wlelandpr).lol xMlgtl Fay (no boy)_108 xEasy Taalt (Beverly) __103 EIGHTH RACE—Purse. *1.300: elslm Ing; 4-rear-olds and upward: 1V« miles. xGrand Central (Rogers)_ }1| Buckle Up (Eads) .Il3 Calexico (Haas) - 11| xCurwen (Wlelander) -118 xJacsteal (Craig) .-108 Perfect Rhyme (Robert*)-a-loS xExploratlon (no boy)-}}•] Silver Tower (Young)- 118 Hotaea (no boy)_lj# xHe Man (Day) r.-111 ^Apprentice Allowance cl timed.