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Ban on 40-Hour Week
Rejected by House Vote of 226 to 62 Big Majority Against Smith Amendment Surprises Leaders By th* Associated Pres*. The House resumed considera tion of the second war powers bill today after rejecting over whelmingly a proposal to suspend the 40-hour week and extra pay for overtime. A standing vote of 226 to 62 yes terday, with many Republicans joining Democrats in opposition, kUled an amendment by Represent ative Smith, Democrat, of Virginia which would have suspended 17 laws providing for the 8-hour day, 40 hour week, and time-and-a-half for work in excess of those limits. . The amendment was strenuously opposed by the administration. It was announced on the floor that President Roosevelt was against it and would veto the war powers measure if the labor amendment was approved. The war powers bill would broaden a number of laws, to expedite the war program. Administration Surprised. The size of the vote against the Smith amendment surprised even administration leaders who, the night before, thought the amend ment would carry and ordered an overnight recess to muster strength. The fact that three-fourths or more of the Republicans present joined in the opposition also sur prised many members. Minority Leader Martin told reporters later that most of those on his side of the aisle were convinced in the second day’s debate that the amend ment was ‘‘meaningless.” “They felt that the amendment would not affect organized labor with union contracts at all. but would affect only unorganized la bor.” he said. This was the main argument used against it by young Representative j Casey. Democrat, of Massachusetts, j who, many members agreed, helped to pile up the votes against Mr. Smith’s proposal. Wouldn't Affect Unions. Representative Casey said it would have destroyed existing wage evels in unorganized industries and per mitted employers to pocket addi tional profits by not having to pay overtime. Members of the C. I. O. and A. F. L. would not have been affected, he added, because they have contracts guaranteeing the 40 hour week and overtime. Before the vote on the Smith amendment, the House rejected, by a standing vote of 162 to 83. a sub stitue by Representative Monroney, Democrat, of Oklahoma which would have given the President dis cretionary power to do the same thing for war industries only. The Senate Labor Committee, meanwhile, heard Chairman William H. Davis of the War Labor Board urge that Congress refrain from trying to enact a national labor pol icy now. Mr. Davis said that the no-strike, no-lockout agreement re cently negotiated by labor and man agement should be given a fair chance to function. "MacArthur's men are calling for tools and it is high time for Amer ica to answer that call," declared Representative Russell, Democrat, of Texas, in charging during the aft ernoon's bitter wrangling over the Smith amendment that the war effort was handicapped by some union leaders who prevent their members from working on holidays. Defends Labor’s Patriotism. ‘‘Ninety-eight per cent of labor is Just as patriotic as the members here,” rejoined another Texas Democrat, Representative Thoma son. who argued that the amend ment would increase, rather than diminish labor disputes. President William Green of the A. F. L. and President Philip Mur ray of the C. I. O. sent messages to party leaders opposing the Smith proposal. Representatives of their organization were buttonholing members of the House in the Capi tol corridors. Mr. Green's statement said: "The Smith amendment is ’false in its basic premise and misleading in its objective. It would not lengthen working hours. There is nothing in existing law which pre vents workers from being employed for more than 40 hours a week. What this amendment really aims * to do is to absolve employers of sweated workers, who did not have the protection of unions, of the re quirement of paying such workers overtime rates for work in excess of 40 hours a week." Murray States Views. Mr. Murray’s letter said: “What Representative Smith knows and fails to state is that the sole effect of his proposal would be to deny to American working men and women appropriate payment long guaranteed by statute for those extra hours of work • • • For every ounce of extra production turned out by those extra hours of work the employers receive appropriate pay ment—payment which has already swelled corporate profits in the Na tion to excessive heights * * * The sole effect of his proposal would be to increase those swollen profits even further at the direct expense of labor.” Representative Carlson, Repub lican. of Kansas called on colleagues to pass the amendment and de clared that labor disputes could no longer be allowed to impede the war effort. "For God’s sake and for the coun try's sake,” he shouted, “let’s stand up here and be men.” Majority Leader McCormack re ported receipt of a letter from the Labor Department which said that many Industrial firms already were working their employes as much as 60 hours a week. There still remain 10 or more dif ferent subjects to be considered in the bill proper before a record vote can be obtained. Asserting Congress had no right to “economize” on labor by taking away time and one-half for over time, while corporations were being permitted to make huge profits, Representative Keefe, Republican, of Wisconsin opposed the amend ment. Congress in Brief ' TODAY. Senate: In recess. Farm bloc strategy conference on dispute with President over parity prices. House: • ' Continues deliberation of war powers bill. DISTRICT “PILGRIM” CHOSEN BY D. A. R.—Miss Edna Amelia Staples (extreme right in front row) last night was named the winner of the good citizenship pilgrimage contest held by the District chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. She will join winners of similar contests in the 48 States in the pilgrimage, which will be held in connection with the annual D. A. R. Congress here in April. Miss Staples is a senior at Eastern High School. Other contestants for the title were (left to right, front row): Miss Jean Gochenour, McKinley High; Miss Margaret Hughes, Woodrow Wilson High, and Miss Evelyn Bernhardt. Roosevelt High. Back row: Miss Margaret Monteith, Western High; Miss Betty Louise Stevens, Calvin Coolidge High, and Miss Zenaide Jenkins, Anacostia High. —Star Staff Photo. Early Decision Due On Aliens' Removal To Inland Areas Important Conference* Held by Gen. Dewitt And Coast Co-ordinator By the Associated Pres*. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 28.— The West Coast’s biggest ques tion—whether to move the Japa nese, both alien and American born, further inland, even pos sibly outside Jill coastal States— appeared to be headed toward an early answer today. The man who has the power of decision, Lt. Gen. John L. De Witt, held important conferences last night with Tom C. Clark, West Coast alien co-ordinator. Gen. De Witt, Western defense commander of the 4th Army Area, recently was authorized by Presi dent Roosevelt to establish “military areas" wherever he deems advisable and to remove from those areas all persons whose presence he con siders inadvisable. 2,000 Aliens in Area. Mr. Clark said in Los Angeles earlier this week that he looked for an expansion of the prohibited zones from which enemy aliens—Japa nese, Germans and Italians—have been barred since Feb. 24. He said at that time that he expected an announcement by today. At San Diego. Norman Neukom, assistant United States attorney, asserted that such an announcement also would deal with the American-born Japanese. All enemy aliens in California, Oregon and Washington are esti mated roughly at 200,000, with the Japanese the largest group. The Japanese problem entailed not only whether to move them but where. “Nobody wants them,” said Rep resentative Tolan, Democrat, of California in an interview at Seat tle, where his congressional com mittee is holding a hearing today on the West Coast enemy alien sit uation. “The committee has recieved nu numerous expressions from inland areas to that effect.” Idaho Opposes Entry. Idaho’s Governor, Chase A. Clark, said at Boise his State was opposed to having enemy aliens sent there but if they were sent they should be concentrated under guard. The inland movement of Japanese to Kern County in Southern Cal ifornia drew a protest from Sheriff John Loustalot who said that sector had oil fields, irrigation canals and power lines “that the Japanese would like very much to blow up.” “We don’t want any Japs in this county,” he protested, “and we wish the Government would move them away inland, far from any place they would do any damage to the national defense effort.” At California’s capital city, Sacra mento, the State Board of Equali zation dropped all Japanese em ployes from its rolls and ordered the revocation of all liquor licenses held by American-born Japanese. The board previously had revoked the licenses held by alien Japanese. The newest revocation order noted that "such licensed premises could be a meeting place for those who would form a fifth column in Cal ifornia.” Star Carrier Boys Will Make Annual Trip to West Point Camera Contest Will Be Feature Of Two-Day Vacation in April Through special permission from the War Department, the annual spring holiday trip sponsored by The Star for its carriers will be made to West Point for an inspection of the Military Academy. This was revealed today during a rally of more than 1.200 Star carriers in the Tivoli Theater. In addition, the boys will spend a day in New York City sightseeing, Edgar S. Bayol, general promotion manager ' for The Star, told the boys. The rally was believed to be the largest ; the carriers have ever held, En route to West Point by char I tered bus from New York, the boys will be taken up the Hudson River Valley and through the famous Sleepy Hollow region. Camera Contest Arranged. E. J. De Vore, assistant circula tion manager, said a new feature had been added this year. A camera contest for pictures taken during the two-day vacation will be held, with suitable awards for the best ones. A special train will leave here for New York April 7 and return the following day. A feature of the bus trip to West Point will be a stop at Bear Mountain Inn, overlooking the i Hudson River. Oalt Burns, circulation manager for The Star, predicted this would be the beat trip of all those spon sored by The Star. He spoke briefly and discussed how the carriers could provide better service for readers. During the rally Bill Coyle, Star radio director, led the group in sing ing. The Police Boys’ Club Band, under the leadership of Clinton Brown and under the general super vision of Sergt. Forrest Binswanger, provided the music. Rules Outlined. The rules governing eligibility to make the trip provide that a Star carrier win 60 points or more. The point count consists of four points for a new daily and Sunday sub scription, two points for a daily sub scriber and two points for a Sunday reader. Special cash awards will be given each carrier getting more than 20 points, it was announced. One of the high lights of the rally came when Mr. Coyle called for a carrier boy to come to the stage and lead the assembly in a song. There was a scramble among two boys to see who would reach the stage first, and Edgar Poore, 14, of 53 S street N.W., won. He led the group in the singing of “God Bless America," accompanied by the band. Japs Massing Troops For Renewed Smash Toward Rangoon London Commentator Says Situation in Burma Is 'Very Serious' 1 By the Associated Pres* LONDON, Feb. 26 —The Japa nese are massing troops for a re newed smash toward Rangoon i and the Burma front situation is j “very serious,” a British com j mentator acknowledged today. He admitted that reports the Japanese had cut the road and rail road north of Pegu probably were true, and emphasized the strength of the imminent Japanese onslaught against British troops holding the iines west of the Sittang River. The Japanese infantry suffered 2.000 casualties in a series of bull like rushes against a small British force holding a bridgehead across the Sittang. the commentator added. Another British force, cut off when the Japanese enveloping movement in the north flanked it, fought its way back to the present lines after days of severe fighting. The battle of the bridgehead was a small but gallant action. It was believed that troops of the Duke of Wellington’s infantry and the King’s Own Yorkshire light infantry par ticipated. Attacking in greatly superior force, the Japanese battered at the British bridgehead garrison for two days. Despite heavy losses, the British held on and on February 23 with drew across the river as engineers ■ blew up the bridge. Unit Rivalry Boosts Paper Collections at Phillips-Wormley School Exemplifies | Upward Trend in Star-P.-T. A. Drive A little rivalry which is proving a big aid in national defense has developed within and among various I schools in The Evening Star-P. T. A. salvage for victory program. Contests always stimulate interest and this has proved true in the case of the two units of the Phillips Wormley School. Neither school was doing anything exceptional until the faculty decided to see which unit could turn in more paper. Phillips, which had only turned in 544 pounds for December and 977 pounds for January, stepped up its production this week to 989 pounds for the day, bringing the February total to 2,290 pounds. However. Wormley was not to be beaten. Wormley turned in 703 pounds in December and 1,729 in January. Yesterday, spurred by the desire to stay ahead of Phillips, Wormley turned in 1.934 pounds, bringing the February total to 3,335 j pounds, or a grand total for the combined school of 5,625 pounds. The improvement made by this school is representative of the trend throughout the collection drive. Ad ditional trucks are to be provided for the collections because of their bulk at this time. On one of the routes Thursday, for instance, the first three schools visited filled one truck to its capacity of 14,000 pounds. Guns or butter? We’ll have both if we buy Defense bonds. STAR CARRIERS HOLD ANNUAL RALLY—Members of the Police Boys’ Club Band are shown with a group of The Star carrier boys, who held their annual rally this morning at the Tivoli Theater, Fourteenth and Park road N.W. Members of the band (left to right) are Linwood Jas-. per, Erling H. Falck and Philip Karp. Star Staff Photo. I Petain Also to Blame For Fall o( France, Daladier Charges Marshal, When Minister Of War, Said to Have Cut Arms Budget B* the A.'*oci*ted Prtu. 1 RIOM, Unoccupied France. Feb. 28.—Marshal Petain himself was re sponsible with other French minis I ter* of war for France’s lack of ' arm* preparation to meet the Ger mans, former Premier Edouard 1 Daladier charged in his own de | fense at the war guilt trial yester i day. M. Daladier, minister of war in three cabinet*, attacked his pre decessors. including Marshal Petain, ! and told the court he could not be held entirely at fault. He went back to 1934 when Mar shal Petain was minister of war for nine months under Premier Gas ton Doumergue and When M. Dala dier said the Marshal had the arma ment* budget reduced from 600 mil lion francs to 400 million. Will “Cover” No Longer. • The prosecution quickly inter rupted to say that Marshal Petain merely diverted 200 million francs for additional construction work in the Maginot Line. M. Daladier said he had refrained from criticizing the men who had preceded him in the 'ministry of war after France and England went to war with Germany in 1939. “I am now condemned by a pre , decessor whom I covered then.” he said. “I shall cover him no longer.” The former premier's accusation against the chief of state's previous responsibility consisted of two points: (1) If there was lack of preparation for war. Marshal Petain was responsible with him; <2) Mar shal Petain supported the theory of fighting a defensive war rather than a war of movement, advocated by Gen. Charles de Gaulle and later adopted by the Germans. The prosecution said M. Daladier should have accelerated war produc tion in 1936 shortly after he became war minister under former Premier Leon Blum because the European situation at that time became mar kedly worse. The trial, it was said, was limited to testimony on such lack of preparation and was not concerned with military strategy. Civic Federation Hits Tydings Court Proposal Vigorous opposition to the Tydings amendment to the court merger bill was expressed last night by delegates to the Federation of Civic Associations at a meeting in the board room of the District Building. 1 The amendment substitutes five j years of legal practice in the Dis trict for the five-year legal residence requirement for appointment to the bench. The group, presided over by Dr. ! E. J. Harris, commended Congress J for establishment of a health center I at Seventh and F streets N.W. and ! asked the creation of several mental * hygiene clinics. A larger colored personnel in the Public Health Service was urged, and a letter of commendation di rected to be sent to Commissioner Mason for his approval of this pro ject. The federation also asked for more rigorous housing inspection and official time off for Government workers appearing before subcom mittees of Congress. Witnesses now have to take time out of their an nual leave, it was said. A mass meeting at 8 p.m. Wednes day at the Randall Junior High School to protest housing arrange ments provided in the Goodwille >5,000,000 remodeling plan for South Washington wes announced by Dr. Harris. The association went on record as approving school and hos pital items in the plan, but opposing the housing phase of the program. Crowd Delays Occupancy Of Colored Housing Project By the Associated Press. DETROIT, Feb. 28.—Mayor Ed ward J. Jeffries ordered postpone ment of an attempt to move colored families into a defense housing proj ect here today as police were trying to disperse opposing crowds of white pickets and Negroes. The action came soon after a brief skirmish at Ryan road and Nevada avenue, half a mile west of the housing project, which resulted in Patrolman Edward A. Koss and Miss Delores Homer, a white .woman, be ing struck by flying rocks. Three moving vans loaded with furniture had been parked near the intersection. Spokesman for the white people, who carried placards objecting to colored occupancy of the project, said their group would go home if the vans were removed. The colored group began breaking up after an appeal by Horace A. White, Negro minister and a mem ber of the Detroit Housing Commis sion. a Steps to Broaden Dutch Territories' Autonomy Reported « Areas Would Remain In Empire Framework, Dr. Loudon Declares By BLAIB BOLLES. Dr. Alexander Loudon, the Neth erlands Minister to the United States, disclosed today In an Inter view that his government already has taken steps aimed at the intro duction of postwar reforms to fos tcf limited political emancipation of the overseas territories in the Dutch Empire—the embattled East Indies and the Western Hemisphere areas of Curacao and Surinam. The future relations of Western powers and their Oriental colonies have become the topic of spirited discussion as a result of the course of war in the Far East. Minister Loudon made it plain that the proposed extension of au tonomy will keep the territories within the Netherlands' present structure, whose regions are gov erned according to the general pre cepts in the Constitution of 1822. Almost at the same time a publica tion of the American Government, “The Agricultural Situation,” ap peared here with an article praising the Netherlands’ colonial policy as an example of enlightenment. certain of Retaining Indie*. “Certain reforms with regard to the political emancipation of the Netherlands overseas territories within the existing framework of the Netherlands constitution have been under discussion for some time,” Dr. Loudon said. It was learned that the program of discus sion leading to the contemplated empire reforms was outlined in full within the Netherlands government in London on January 26. although the course of the war may postpone the contemplated action. Dr. Loudon rejected all sugges tions that the Eastern empire of the Netherlands may be lost as a result of the war. He is sure that there will be a Dutch East Indies to which the reform plan can be applied. "I am convinced.” the Minister said, despite the news from Bali, 'that the Japanese never will suc ceed in obtaining a permanent foot hold in the Dutch East Indies.” Progress Cited. The Netherlands East Indies often has declared its Intention of achiev ing maximum autonomy within the structure of the empire, and in an ticipation of such a status has stead ily extended the sphere of native participation in the territory’s ad ministration, a semi-official Nether lands report states. Dr. Loudon drew attention to a memorandum of the Netherlands government. "Since 1922 the spiritual and ma terial development of these over seas territories have been unusually rapid. In consequence the thoughts of the motherland and the Indies, in and outside their representative bodies, during the latter years have been especially focused on constitu tional measures for a greater eman cipation within the empire of these overseas territories. “The excellent attitude and spirit ual energy which these parts dis played under the leadership of their governors and notwithstanding the rupture of their ties with the moth erland <now under Nazi occupation) —which are proofs in these times of their ability to stand on their own legs—have stimulated the processes of spiritual and political emancipa tion in ever-grow^ag groups of over seas populations.” The program leading to the changes called first for a preliminary imperial conference to submit re ports; second, a meeting of a com mittee to consider the reports; third, action by the Netherlands govern ment on the committee recommen dations and finally, after the war is over, an imperial conference to work out the master plan for what ever changes are agreed to by this slow, careful Dutch process. Ex-Gov. Earle Is Sworn For Active Naval Duty B» the Aieoctited Press. PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 28. — Gefirge N. Earle, former Minister to Bulgaria and former Governor of Pennsylvania, was sworn in yester day as a lieutenant commander in the Navy. Comdr. Earle. 51, held the same rank during the last war and was decorated for heroism while com manding the submarine chaser Vic tor. He applied for active duty immediately after his return from Bulgaria and asked to be assigned to deck duty. Church Marks Layman's Day FORESTVILLE, Va., Feb. 28 (Spe cial).—Layman’s day will be ob served at special services at Amon Methodist Church at 11 a m. tomor row. Arthur M. Jones, 61, archi tect with the Public Buildings Administration, was retired yesterday after 35 years’ Gov ernment service, including 15 years as an architectural draftsman for the Naval Academy. Fellow employes at the Printcraft Building gave him a pipe and smoking jacket at a surprise party yesterday. Mr. Jones, who has two daughters and two grandchil dren, lives with his wife at 6501 Fourteenth street N.W. —Star Staff Photo. Three Strikes Ended; Electrical Workers at Pittsburgh Walk Out Ship Welders Agree To Buy Defense Bonds As Protest Is Settled By th« AMociated Preta. ! Three work stoppages in which Government officials had intervened with demands for immediate re sumption of production were called off yesterday, but there was a walk out at a Pittsburgh electrical con cern producing equipment for de fense plants. i The Pennsylvania Transformer Co. at Pittsburgh, employing 350, was closed down after members of j the C. I. O. Electrical Union sud denly walked out. A company I spokesman .said he knew of no grievances, and the union said only that a membership meeting would be held. Some 120 welders who struck at the Hoboken <N. J.) yards of the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. be cause of a foreman’s abusive lan guage agreed to end their two-day work stoppage Chairman William H. Davis of the War Labor Board had told them they were failing in their duty to their country. Will Buy Defense Bonds. In a mood of combined patriotism and belligerency toward the fore man. the welders also voted to buy a defense bond each and to demand that the foreman buy five A dispute which caused a stop page of work Thursday at -the La Belle Works of the Crucible Steel Co.. Pittsburgh, was settled, but de tails were not announced. The company had called the difficulty a strike while the C. I. O.-Steel Workers Organizing Committee termed it a lockout. It was announced that the plant, employing about 1,000. expected to get back into full operation on Mon day. Dr. John R. Steelman, head of the Conciliation Service, had asked re sumption of work. Roofers End Protest. In response to a request from Dr. Steelman, 50 striking A. F. L. roofers in Phoenix, Ariz.. went back to work. They had protested that some em ployers were not observing a pre vailing wage scale of $1.25 an hour lor roofers and 87 4 cents for helpers. During the day, the War Labor Board declined to accept jurisdiction over a dispute between the C. I. O , United Automobile Workers and 1 General Motors Corp. It ruled that the parties should first exhaust other settlement possibilities includ ing conciliation and grievance ma chinery provided in G. M. s existing contract with the union. The dispute involves a demand by the union for double pay for Sunday work and arises from conversion of the plant to 24-hour, seven-day week operation on war contracts. -- Potomac Beach Bus Line RICHMOND, Va„ Feb. 28 (/P).— The Richmond Greyhound Lines, Inc., asked the State Corporation, Commission yesterday for authority to establish connection between Potomac Beach and the Virginia Maryland State line at the Potomac River Bridge through Dahlgren. Uncle Sam can use this newspaper when you’ve finished reading it. Weather Report (Burnished br th* United States Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia—Continued moderately cold tonight, with lowest temperature near freezing; fresh winds, diminishing tonight. Maryland and Virginia—Continued moderately cold, occasional light snow flurries in mountains. West Virginia—Continued moderately cold, with occasional snow flur ries in east and north portions tonight. Report for Loot M Hoiri. ’ _ , Temperature, yesterday— Decree! - * P.m._ 40 8 P.m. _,_ 38 Mldnlfht_ 35 Today— * a.m._ 32 8 a.m. _ 38 Noon _ 39 Retard far Last 24 Heart. (Prom noon yeaterday to noon today.) Highest. 43, at 2:66 p.m. yesterday. Tear ago. 32. Lowest. 3d. at 6:40 a.m. today. Tear ato. 21. Reeard Temperataree This Tear. Highest. 05. on January 18. Lowest. 0. on January 11. Hamidity for Last 84 Hears. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. A.') per cent, at 5:30 a.m. today. Lowest. 27 per cant, at 3:30 p.m. yes Rtrer Report. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear at Harpers Ferry: Potomac slightly muddy at Great Falls today. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States coast and Geodetic Surrey.) Today. Tomorrow. High _ 7:11a.m. 7:66 a.m. Low __ 1:43 a.m. 2:37 a.m. High_ 7:30 p.m. 8:15 p.m. Low _ 1:56 p.m. 2:41p.m. The San and Mean. Rises. Seta. Sun, today _ 7:43 8:59 Sun. tomorrow _ 7:42 7:00 Moon, today_ 4:49 p.m. 8:06 a.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half tour after sunset. r .. —' '■ ■ .I. Preeialtation. Monthly precipitation In inchea in tha Capital (current month to date): Month. 1942. Are. Record. January - 1.90 3.55 7.83 '37 February- 1.56 3.27 8.84 ’84 Mareh- ... 3.75 8.84 ’91 April _-T-- 3.27 9.13 ’89 May .. 3.70 10.69 '89 June - ... 4.13 10.94 ’00 July -- 4.71 10.83 ’88 Auguet -- 4.01 14.41 ’28 September -2— 3.24 17.45 ’34 October - ... 2.84 8.81 ’37 November _ ... 2.37 8.69 ’89 December... 3.32 7.58 '01 Temperaturea in Vartaua Cttiea. Temperature. Precip. ' High. Low. 24 hr*. Albuquerque. N. Mex.. 51 37 _ Atlanta. Oa._ 37 28 _ Boaton, Maaa._ 40 31 _ Buffalo, N. T._ 30 25 Chicago. 111. _ 35 30 _ Cleveland. Ohio_ 28 25 0.21 Denver. Colo._ 37 18 _ Detroit. Mich,- 30 35 Port Worth. Tez._ 48 36 Kansai City. Mo._ 33 18 _ Srw:I if = $ 8 ::: r Pa._ 42 29 _ 30 23 0.13 — 8 & :r: What naked Sammy run? He’s hi » Jjjniry to bay Defense Bonds. Further Vichy Reply To U. S. Warnings Is Awaited Here Renewed Assurances Of French Neutrality Fail to Satisfy Fudther clarification of France’s relations with the Axis were awaited by the United States today after a personal warning from President Roosevelt to Marshal Petain against aiding America’s enemies brought renewed assurances of French neu trality which did not completely satisfy this Government. French Ambassador Gaston Henry - Haye told newspapermen, after a [ conference with Acting Secretary of State Welles last night, that he would seek prompt Information from ; Vichy on the "important questions” j which Mr. Welles said needed clari fication before final determination of the present crisis in French Amerlcan relations. Asked whether any break, in diplo matic relations between the United States and Vichy was imminent, j the Ambassador replied: "If the naked truth is estab I lished, there is no reason to expect such a development.” Personal Message Sent. Mr. Welles disclosed late yester day that President Roosevelt had I sent a personal message to Marshal Petain, chief of the Vichy govern ment, on February 10 in regard ' to evidence that French supplies had been shipped for the use of Axis forces in Libya. The President's message pointed out that if France sent war ma terials to the Axis powers she would be placing herself directly on the side of this country's "declared enemies," and warned that such action would be "disastrous" to the "final destiny" of the French people. The French replied on February' 24. Mr. Welles said, reaffirming Vichy's “will” to maintain neutrality and not give military aid to any belligerent, "particularly the use of French vessels for the purposes of wTar.” beyond obligations imposed i by the 1940 French armistice with Germany and Italy. Text of Statement. • The text of Mr. Welles' statement follows: "Relations between the Govern ment of the United States and the French Government of Vichy have been predicated upon the formal as surances given to this Government by the French government upon re peated occasions that the French government in its relations with the Axis powers will not exceed the terms of its armistice agreements with those powers, and in particular, that the French government will in no wise relinquish to those powers any control over or use of French territorial possessions nor any con trol over nor use of the French fleet. "The assurances received by the United States Government in this regard likewise included the assur ance that the Grench government will give no military assistance to the Axis powers. "On February 10 the President sent a personal message to Marshal Pe tain informing him that the Gov ernment or the United States had been advised that supplies had been shipped from metropolitan France to North Africa for the use of the Axis forces in Libya. France’s Position Realized. "The President made it clear that the position of France and the lim itations placed upon France through the armistice agreements which had been signed with Germany and Italy are fully recognized and understood by the Government and people of the United States. "He stated further, however, that in the opinion of the Government of the United States, if France were to ship war materials or supplies to the Axis powers and to render assistance to these powefs or to take any action in that regard which France was not obligated to take under the terms of her armistice agreements the French government would place itself in the category of governments which are directly as sisting the declared enemies of the people of the United States. “The President further stated that he was confident any such action would be contrary to the wishes of the people of France and disastrous to their aspirations and their final destiny. “Since that time several addi tional communications have been exchanged between the two govern ments. French Reaffirm Will. “On February 24 the American Ambassador in Vichy received in j writing a communication from the French government. “In the course of this communi cation the French government stated that it affirmed once again its will to abstain from anv action, under reservation of the obligations resulting to it from the armistice agreements, wnich would not be in conformity with the position of neu trality in which it had been placed since June, 1940. and which it in tended to maintain. “The French government further stated that it would not, therefore, lend any military aid to one of the belligerents in any place in the the ater of operations, particularly the use of French vessels for the purpose of war, nor all the more, adopt the policy of assistance to the Axis pow ers beyond the terms of the armi stice agreements. “The British government has been kept fully Informed of the exchange of communications which has taken place between the French govern ment and the Government of the United States. "While this statement of French policy as above set forth is of value in estimating the relations between tlxis Government and the French government at Vichy, further clarifi cations with regard to other impor tant questions are awaited by this Government before it will be en abled to complete its examination of the present situation.’’ American Businessman Dies in Istanbul By tbc AMocisUd Pies*. ISTANBUL, Turkey, Feb. 36 (De layed).— Preston E. King, 63. ar American businessman long resident in Turkey, died in the American Hospital here today of a heart ail ment. Mr. King was director of the Turkish match monopoly. His sur vivors include his widow and a son *Jio are believed to be in Virginia. '