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___ Society and General WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MARCH 2, 1942. ** —" 1 — "■ —■ - r— — —.in—. .1. i — ■ i i . ■■■■■■■— B—1 High Officials Plan Inspection ik During Blackout * ( Police, Raid Wardens Cautioned to Seek Public's Co-operation While police and air raid wardens patrol the streets tomorrow night With orders to bend over backwards to seek co-operation and avoid “ar bitrary, harsh or unreasonable ac tion.” ranking District and Federal officials as well as civilian defense inspectors for the Metropolitan Area will cruise about in cars, taking notes on the Capital’s first 10-hour blackout. The officials will meet in Defense Co-ordinator Young's office at the District Building at about 9 p.m—an hour after the blackout officially begins—and will return there an later to report their findings. Maj. Gen. Walter L. Reed, in spector general for the Metropolitan Area civilian defense establishment, and a corps of 20 inspectors as well as a special inspection corps for the office of Chief Air Raid Warden Clement Murphy will also make re ports on the practice blackout which continues until 6 a.m. Wednesday morning. Searchlight Drills. Searchlight drills from various in stallations will be conducted be tween 8 and 10 p.m. As preparations neared comple tion, Col. Lemuel Bolles, executive of District defense, called a press conference today to reply to nu merous criticisms of the pending blackout practice. Had a 15-minute test been or dered, Col. Bolles said, the citizens would have complied by merely turning out the lights. Had the. tests been set for the late night hours, he added ,a large group of night workers would not have been touched by the drill, the main pur pose of which is »o see that house holders equip themselves against the time when the Army might order weeks or months of all night black out. The idea, he said, is not to turn out the lights but to arrange it so that lights can be on and not seen. Delayed Far Too Long. "We have delayed as long as we dared and already far too long,” he declared. , Saying he had received queries as "how am I going to feed the baby?” Col. Bolles said that he had asked "how would you feed the baby j in case the Army ordered all-nightj blackouts?” The civilian defense director said that he did not mind criticism but urged that criticism be made con structive. "Whose interests are served by confusion and resistance to defense measures?” he demanded. Answer ing his own question, he said in his opinion resistance to the measures was often emanating from repre sentatives of hostile governments and from many good patriotic citi zens who are “suspending their in telligence for the time being.” Col. Bolles admitted that the plans may not be 100 per cent per fect. but urged that in the interests of the community that efforts be made to respond wholeheartedly. Denies Imposition on Poor. He denied that getting the popu lation to equip their homes with blackout materials was an imposi tion on the poor, declaring that any device that prevents the lights from shining is satisfactory and that it does not have to be of an expen sive nature. Meanwhile, commanding officers were ordered by Supt. of Police Ed ward J. Kelly to utilize the services of auxiliary police as well as the regular force to prevent looting or other crimes under the cover of darkness. Maj. Kelly’s special order im pressed on police the "absolute necessity for exercising the greatest of judgment and patience in deal ing with violations of the blackout regulations.” Police, he said, should thoroughly understand that “in carrying out the provisions of these orders, they must act with the greatest of discretion and must at all costs avoid arbitrary, harsh or unreason able action likely to result in an un favorable reaction on the part of the citizens and in complaints against the police. “Summary arrest for violation of these orders should be avoided. How ever. disorderly conduct of physicial assaults on members of the force arising out of efforts on the part of police to inforce these regulations must be firmly dealt with. "It is not desired that any citizen be forcibly seized or dragged out of his home or place of business for failure or refusal to comply with these regulations. Warrants should be applied for in all such instances before any arrest is made.” Wardens Cautioned. Maj. Kelly warned his force against permitting themselves to be talked into action contrary to the spirit of the order by any wardens. Similar cautions were laid down for members of the air-raid warden service by Chief Warden Murphy at a meeting of deputy wardens at warden service headquarters, 1341 Maryland avenue N.E., yesterday. He warned them not to be like “rookie cops” but helpful and co operative, and told them that in no case should they permit civilian de fense committeemen to interfere with the operation of the warden service. More than 25,000 volunteers are expected to be on the street for the blackout practice. Members of the emergency and housing unit will re port to their church headquarters for one hour of duty, from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Officials Taking Part. The following officials will take part in the inspection, according to District civilian defense officials: In the car with Defense Co-or dinator Young, Senator McCarran of Nevada, chairman of the Senate District Committee, _ and National Civilian Defense Director James M. Landis. In the car with Commissioner Cuy Mason, Senator Harold Burton FOR CHILDREN’S PROTEC TION— To guard children at Somerset Elementary School from bomb splinters and fly ing debris in case of an air raid, their fathers have been erecting heavy log barricades around the first floor windows of the building. Above: John R. Riggleman and his son Jimmy, 9-year-old pupil, shave one of the logs to be used. Blackout Will Test Defense Control Map In Montgomery Recording of Incidents By Pins Will Show Where Help Is Needed The newly completed map of the air-raid districts, precincts and sec tors of the metropolitan area of Montgomery County will receive Its first test during tomorrow’s black out. In Arlington detailed instructions for air-raid wardens were issued to day, while Paince Georges defense officials appealed for co-operation of all citizens. The Montgomery map was pre pared under the direction of Fred W. Tuemmler, planning director of the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission and chief technical adviser for the County Civilian Defense Council. Location of each firehouse, police station, casualty post and warden post In the area, which includes Takoma Park. Silver Spring, Be thesda and Chevy Chase, is indi cated by vari-colored pins. As incidents of the blackout are phoned into the report centers they are flashed to workers in the county control center, who then spot them on the map. Glance at Map Tells Story. Thus civilian defense chiefs can tell by a glance at the map just how effective the blackcut is and can assign units to areas which need more coverage. Instructions for the blackout to morrow were given by Chief Air Raid Warden Arch McDonald yes terday at a meeting of air raid war dens of the 13th, 5th and 8th dis tricts at the Silver Spring Dis pensary Building. He warned of the possibility of fifth columinists attempting to create dissension in the warden service. Reports to Be in Writing. “Regulations have been issued for our own protection and are so de signed as to develope all weak spots in civilian defense precaution," Mr. Chew told the wardens, emphazing that “immediate safeguards” would be established where they were found necessary. Violations are to be reported to individual warden posts. Prom the posts they will be transmitted to the headquarters control center. Reports of violations are to be confirmed in writing within 48 hours, Mr. Chew said. Completion of plans for Prince Georges County’s participation in the blackout was announced by J. Robert Sherwood, chairman of the county Civilian Defense Council. “We w'ant the full co-operation of every person in the county,” Mr. Sherwood said today. “Any willful violation of blackout regulations will be drastically, dealt with.” Falls Church. Va., and all of Fair fax County will participate in to morrow’s blackout. of Ohio, a member of the Senate District Committee; Renah F. Camalier, municipal attorney for the Senate District Committee, and Fred A. Smith, president of the Board of Trade. In the car with Engineer Com missioner Charles W. Kutz, Gen. L. D. Gasser, chief of training sec tion of the Office of Civilian Defense and liaison officer with the War De partment;' Gen. Reed and Assistant Engineer Commissioner Beverly C. Snow. In a car with Col. Bolles, Corring ton Gill, deputy in charge of opera tions for national O. C. D.; Maj. William A. Brewer of the training section of O. C. D., and Maj. Sharon T. McCloskey, assistant director of the 3d defense region, in which the metropolitan area is included. Brig. Gen. Albert L. Cox, com mander of the Washington Pro visional Brigade, and his staff will be touring the city in another car. Although it is not strictly speak ing within the Metropolitan Area, the Adjutant General School at Fort Washington, Md., has notified civil ian defense leaders, through Col. H. C. Holdridge, that everything possible will be done to co-operate during the practice blackout. Capt. C. E. Parsons, U. S. N., retired (far right), chairman of the Defense Committee of the Somerset School P.-T. A. and fore man of the air-raid defense barricade construction, gives his crew of parents instructions for the day’s work. Sitting are (left to right) L. W. Orr, J. B. Kingsbury, C. Riley, W. H. Balnbridge and F. A. Genau. Standing (left to right) are W. J. Duiker, pres ident of the P.-T. A.; S. H. Simon, John R. Riggleman, C. M. Steuart, Walton Onslow, Edgar Turlington, George A. Pugh and Gustave Burmelster. —-Star Staff Photos. Truck Kills Boy, 4; Fatality Is 24th Since January 1 Second Child to Die; Police Hold Driver For Coroner's Jury D. C. Traffic Toll Killed In 1942 _24 Killed in same period of 1941 16 Ton for all of 1941_95 William Arthur McDonald, colored, 4 years old, of 322 B street N.E., was killed today when struck by a truck in the 300 block of B street N.E. He was the 24th traffic fatality of the year and the second child to die from traffic injuries within 48 hours here. Pronounced dead by a Casualty Hospital ambulance physician, the victim of today's accident was taken to the District Morgue. The truck was operated by James N. Ebb, 1505 B street N.E. He was held for the action of the coroner. William E. Lerch, 17, of Knoxville. Md., suffered a jaw fracture and possible fracture of the skull when he was hit by an auto on Eighteenth street near Kalorama road N.W. early yesterday. Garfield Hospital reported his condition as serious today. Police said he was running across the street when he collided with the side of an auto driven by Stuart Pett, 25, of 1529 Upshur street N.W. Five men were injured, one seri ously, when an auto and a large truck collided early today on Route No. 1 a mile south of Fredericks burg, Va. Nearby residents said they heard an explosion and saw ! both vehicles afire. Six hours after the crash flames were still leaping from the truck, which was pulled off the road by wrecking trucks. It had been south bound with a cargo of macaroni. Seriously injured was Wilson H. Davenport of Scottsburg, Va. His face and hands were burned, his left leg was broken and he suffered head injuires. Others treated at Mary Washington Hospital, Fredericks burg, were listed as: Pete Lobianco of York, Pa., the truck driver; Pvts. George Kock and John Horn of Camp Lee, Charles Moorefleld of Scottsburg. All were cut or burned. Four From D. C. Area • Graduated as Ensigns Four from the Washington area were among the 251 men graduat ed by the Navy Supply Corps’ School at Harvard University last Friday, it was announced today. They are John Everest Fahren bach, 3310 Rittenhouse street N.W.; Harold Emil Harts tack, 4687 Rock wood avenue, Woodridge, Md.; Rob ert Adams Thayer, 1324 Oliver street N.W, and William A. Marsteller, 6 West Blackthorn street, Chevy Chase, Md. All are ensigns in the Supply Corps. Somerset Pupils' Parents Build School Air-Raid Shelter Funds From Other Sources Lacking, They Decide to Do Job Themselves "We didn't wait for some one to give us the money—we went out and did the job ourselves.” These words of Mrs. Kathryne M. Bricker, principal of the Somerset (Md.) elementary school, just about sum up the attitude of parents in the area who grew tired of attempt ing to pry funds from Montgomery County officials to convert the eight classroom school into an air-raid shelter. That is why each Sunday you wyi find from 6 to 15 fathers, business and professional men during the week, turned lumberjacks. They are busy splitting logs on the school playground and erecting stout bar ricades at all the windows of the school basement which is to be con verted into a shelter for the 230 pupils. “We couldn’t get the bags to fill with sand, and lumber was too high," explained Capt. Charles Parsons, U. S. N* retired, moving spirit in the project to make Somer set school the model raid shelter. 300 Trees Chopped Down. So parents got together and located trees on the property of several of the residents. Thus far they have chopped down 300 trees, had them hauled to the playground and split them into required lengths for barricading nine windows. Among the parents gladly giving up their Sundays to become con struction workers under Capt. Par sons’ guidance are W. J. Duiker, president of the school P.-T. A.; L. W. Orr, J. B. Kingsbury, C. Riley, W. H. Bainbridge, F. A. Genau, S. H. Simon, John R. Riggleman, C. M. Steuart, Walton Onslow, Edgar Tur lington, George A. Pugh pnd Gus tave Burmeister. The wooden barricades are a big job—they have erected two so far— but it isn’t the whole story of a concentrated community effort which has brought results. There were buckets, stirrup pumps, shovels, first-aid equipment and emergency rations to be procured too. All that, however, required funds which weren’t forthcoming from any defense agency. The Somerset Parent-Teacher Associa tion got together and from proceeds of a Christmas bazaar and collection of old newspapers managed to scrape up $200. Rations Are Stored. As a result each classroom is equipped with a bucket of sand and shovel for combatting incendiary bombs. There are garden hose and stirrup pumps, a first-aid comer and sufficient supplies of canned milk, fruit and vegetable juices and crackers for all children three times around. Capt. Parsons, Mr. Simons, a retired school equipment designer who has a granddaughter attend ing the school, and the colored janitor made burlap and wire-cov ered screens for the interior of all basement windows, these to prevent scattering of glass from bomb con cussions. Children in the upper grades have ; elected two captains to head their two fire brigades. The boys have been schooled In putting out in cendiaries and according to Chief A. J. Bargagni. head of the Bethesda Fire Department, their attention to duty is often better than adults. Evacuation Drills Held. Another group has been organized into an "assembly room readiness company” entrusted with the job of seeing that the pupils reach the basement shelter. The school al ready has held evacuation drills, with designated groups filing to nearby homes. During air-raid drills, Mrs. Bricker explained yesterday, the children gather in the base ment assembly room or the cafe teria adjoining. There they lie un der tables with hands over ears un til a release signal is given. Capt. Parsons, who has a daugh ter attending Somerset, explained that parents met soon aftef the Pearl Harbor attack to devise means of protecting the school. After talks with Army people and British officials here who had gone through raids, the group made up its mind on what it needed for the job ahead. If any one has the idea that the American pioneer spirit is dead, he might drop by Somerset school next Sunday. He will probably change his mind. Schneider, Restaurant Man, Leaves $134,360 Estate Charles M. Schneider, restaurant man. left an estate valued at up ward of $134,360, District Court was advised today in a petition for the probate of his will. He died Feb ruary 21. The National Metropolitan Bank of Washington filed the petition, in which it was pointed out that Mr. Schneider was the sole proprietor of the restaurant and that his real estate consisted of the property wherein it is located at 427 Eleventh street N.W. This property, the court was told, has an assessed val uation of $112,560. Bonds, stocks, cash and other personal property aggregated $21,800. Mr. Schneider's will was drawn July 14, 1927, and debts of the estate will total around $7,400. Attorney Paul E. Lesh represents the estate, the bulk of which will go to Mr. Schneider's family under his will. Catholic Daughters Meet Tomorrow Court No. 212 of the Catholic Daughters will hold its regular busi ness meeting at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the Willard Hotel. On Sunday the court will hold its annual Vesper Service at St. Pat rick’s Church, Tenth and G streets N.W., at 7:30 pm., with the Right Rev. Lawrence Sheehan aS celebrant. Dr. John K. Cartwright, chaplain of the court, will deliver the sermon. Miss Isabelle Cullen is chairman of the Vecpen Committee. Building Wage Rates In D. C. to Be Topic At Session Tomorrow Builders, U. S. Officials, Labor Spokesmen to Attend Vital Meeting Builders, Government housing offi cials and representatives of labor tomorrow will attend a Labor De partment hearing to determine pre vailing wage rates for residential building in Washington and nearby areas for application to the Gov ernment’s huge defense housing pro gram. The hearing, scheduled for 10 am. in Room 3139 of the Labor De partment Building, will be the first ever held by the department under the Bacon-Davis Act as regards pre vailing wages for residential con struction in the District. Ben Grodsky. attache of the labor ■ solicitor’s office, who will conduct the inquiry, has invited private builders and representative asso ciations to attend and submit data. The hearing is considered of vital importance to private builders, as well as to the Government housing program. In the past, the Labor Department has determined, without hearings, that the high union or "A” scale should apply in the District for Government housing. At the same time It has set a much lower non union scale for private projects financed through the Federal Hous ing Administration. Both wage rates are held to be prevailing. The Bacon-Davis Act provides for payment on Government work the wage found to be prevailing in a community for projects of a similar character to the contract work. _ • Fashion Show Planned Students at Chevy Chase Junior College will stage a fashion show at noon March 11 for the benefit of the monthly publication of the col lege, the Barker. No Heirs Found, District Gets $14,721 Estate The District government is $14,721 richer today because a former Coast Guardsman, native of Finland, died here without leaving any known relatives, although a diligent search was made for them. Karl Nurmi died here in Decem ber, 1940. Justice Bolithia J. Laws appointed the former District Com missioner, Frederick A. Fenning, practicing attorney here, as admin istrator. Mr. Fenning said an ex tensive search for heirs, including a broadcast by the “Court of Missing Heirs,” had failed. At request of the District gov ernment, Justice F. Dickinson Letts signed an order directing Register of Wills Theodore Cogswell to pay the money to the District. The estate Included United States Treasury bonds. Mrs. Kathryn Bricker, prin cipal, explainr to a group of her pupils the purpose of the air-raid j rotective barricades their fathers are building. The children are (left to right) Donald Pugh, 7; Jimmy Rig gleman, 9; George Pugh, 9; Scott Bowers, 8, and Bryant Kingsbury, 9. r D. C. Subway Study Resolution Is Sent To White House Glenn Dale and Tire Felony Measures Also Are Forwarded The House today completed legisla tive action on a resolution directing the Commissioners to make a pre liminary study to determine the “feasibility” of a subway system in the District for both rail and ve hicular traffic and sent it to Presi dent Roosevelt for his signature. Action also was completed on two other District measures and they will accompany the subway survey res olution to the White House. One would make the theft of tires, tubes, batteries, gasoline and other automobile accessories a felony dur ing the war, punishable by a maxi mum penalty of three years’ impris onment. The other authorizes the Com missioners to grant a charitable or non-profit-making organization au thority to operate a canteen in the District Tuberculosis Sanitoria at Glenn Dale, Md. The subway investigation resolu tion. sponsored by Representative D'Alesandro, Democrat, of Mary land, was adopted by the House several months ago, but was re turned for concurrence in a Senate change. As originally approved by the House the resolution directed that the survey be made jointly by the Commissioners and the Pub lic Utilities Commission. The Sen ate, however, excused the P. U. C. from participating in the job and the House approved this change. During a brief debate on the res olution Representative Rich, Repub lican, of Pennsylvania expressed hope construction of an elevated highway over K street from Rock Creek Park to Key Bridge would wait until the investigation is com pleted. He pointed out that traffic should be placed underground and Chairman Randolph of the District Committee agreed that subsurface traffic arteries for motor vehicles are "quickly” needed in Washington. — Immigration Office Files Moved to Philidelphia With several hundred trucks as signed to the job, the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice began moving its office files and equipment to Philadelphia today. Approximately 1,200 employes are involved in the transfer. The equip ment to be moved totals an esti mated 6,000.000 pounds. According to Fred E. Taylor, manager of the Decentralization Service, the op eration is the ‘‘Nation's biggest sin gle trucking job.” Justice officials said today the transfer of office equipment will be completed by the end of the week. The Immigration and Naturalization Service is one of the Federal agen sies ordered removed from Wash I ington to provide room for tfrar workers. Inspectors of the service will join forces with F. B. I. agents and local police authorities in rounding up German, Japanese and Italian aliens who failed to apply for cer tificates of identification by last Saturday night, as required by law. Two Join Red Cross War Welfare Staff Appointment of Charles F. Massey, 1953 Thirty-ninth street N.W., and Walter A. Miller, 216 Granville drive. Silver Spring, to the field director staff of the military and naval wel fare service of the American Red Cross was announced today. An employe of the Washington Gas and Light Co. for the last 16 years, Mr. Massey will go to Fort Eustis, Va. Mr. Miller has been assigned to Fort Meade, Md. He was formerly with the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Co. The men will be assigned to a domestic military or naval base fol lowing a brief period of training, it was said. They will arrange for aid required by service men or by their families. Auto Rationing Board Meets; 50 Seek Cars First Session Here Under New Program; Eligibility Stresesd More than 50 applications for certificates to buy new automobiles awaited action by the District Ra tioning Board today as the automo bile rationing program formally got under way in Washington and throughout the Nation. The local car rationing board, functioning as a unit of the District Rationing Board headed by Whitney Leary, will meet at 4 p.m. today at headquarters In the old Force School to consider the first batch of appli cations. Members of the automobile board are Arthur Drury, attorney, chair man; H. Lawrence Choate, insurance executive, and John Locher, labor leader. Trucks Under New Control. In a last-minute change, the War Production Board took the ration ing of trucks, truck trailers and trailers out of the hands of State rationing boards, deciding to dole out vehicles in these categories through its Office of Defense Trans portation. State boards will handle only passenger cars. The eligible list for new auto mobiles follows in general that for rationing of new tires and includes physicians, visiting nurses, fire fighters, policemen and others re garded as essential to protection of safety and health. The car rationing rules are more liberal, however, in that they permit farmers, if they have no other means of transportation; defense workers, taxi operators and essen tial traveling salesmen to buy new automobiles. No one will be permitted to buy a new car. however, unless the ra tioning boards are satisfied that the applicant's present car is not ade quate for the duties he performs. Washington has been allotted 977 automobiles for the period between March 2 and May 31. In all. 340, 000 new automobiles have been made available for distribution throughout the Nation this year. Applicants whose requests are re fused bv the automobile rationing units will have the right to appeal to the Executive Board of the Ra tioning Board. List of Eligibles. Here is a list of those eligible to apply for purchase certificates: Physicians, surgeons, visiting nurses and farm veterinarians, clergymen, institutions needing am bulances, fire departments, pdlice departments, other public health and safety officials; mail carriers, taxicab operators, persons using cars in connection with "essential construction, maintenance and re pair service"; executives, techni cians, engineers ahd workers di rectly or indirectly connected with prosecution of the war; Federal, State, local and foreign govern ment officials engaged in duties di rectly connected with public health, safety or the war effort; farmers lacking other means of transport ing produce or supplies to and from market; traveling salesmen hand ling essential supplies, and persons carrying newspapers for wholesale delivery. Class of 18 Confirmed By Bishop Freeman During his annual visit to the Episcopal Church of St. Stephen and the Incarnation, the Rt. Rev. James E. Freeman, bishop of Wash ington, yesterday eonfirmed 18 can didates who were presented by the Rev. Dr. Paul Wilbur, rector. They included Virginia Bennett, Edna Cissell, Margaret Davison, Lois Flanders, Constance Mandraos, Janet Parks, Nancy Raw, Margaret Rogers, Wilhelmina Nelson, Rosalie Shown, Catherine Smith, Eleanor Snodgrass, Mrs. Dorothy Allison, Mrs. Lillian, Myers. Douglas Simon, William Crampton, Alexander Brown and Earl Lee. Fleeing Thief Grabs Horse as Car Crashes By the Associated Press. ELLICOTT CITY, Md.. March 2.— Police are seeking a thief who takes transportation as he finds it. The man stole an automobile, eluded pursuers at a 70-mile-an hour clip and abandoned the car when It crashed into a tree and caught fire. Then he stole a farmer's horse and continued flight. The horse later showed up at the bam of a former owner. Lamblike Debut Of March to End In Snow Tonight March, the month of the vernal equinox, came in quietly yesterday with talk of spring and fishing while the forecasters studied the skies for signs of stormy winter weather which so far has failed to rqake its appearance. The lamblike demeanor of the new month may end tonight, say the weather men, with either rain or snow during the early evening. Yesterday’s talk of fishing was started by sight of a few anglers who wet their hooks in the hope of snagging some of the “mud shad” now running up the Potomac. The run is reported to be light. Park police, meanwhile, have turned their attention to would-be anglers along the Tidal BaSin. Reg ulations do not permit fishing there until after May 30. Another harbinger of spring was uncovered yesterday by members of the Capital Hiking Club who stopped near Great Falls to exam ine blooming plants of skunk cab bage. The unpleasant odor of this earliest of spring plants is unmis takable, say those who have come in contact with it, and is a sure sign that the seasonal turn is near.