Newspaper Page Text
ff)e getting ^taf
With Sunday Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY .. March 7, 1942 The Evening Star Newspaper Company. M» n CIBce 11 th St. and Pennsylvania Av*. New York Office: 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: 4.15 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. Evening and Sunday Toe per mo. or iSc per week The Eiening Star 45c per mo. or lnc per week The Sunday Star 10c per copy Night Final Edition. Night Pinal and Sunday Star R5c Der month Night Final Star 60c per month Rural Tube Delivery. The Evening and Sunday Star. S.Tc per month The Evening Star__ 55c per month The Sunday Star . J oc per copy Collections made at the end of each month or each week. Orders may be sent by mail or tele phone National 5000. Ralp by Mail—Payable in Advance. Prnlv »nd Sunday 1 vr . JTJ.OO; l mo., $J 00 onl.v v 1 yr, .**.(>(>. I mo . Tftc Sunday only- 1 yr $5 00; 1 mo., 50c # # Pn’er^d xi .xprrmd-Vb.ws matter post office, Washington. D. C. Member of (he Associated Press. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republicaiion of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news Published herein. All rights of publ'cation of special dispatches herein also are reserved. The Sky Is the Limit As a figure, standing by itself, the $125,000,000,000 debt limit approved yesterday by the House Ways and Means Committee is without real meaning. The only tangible things with which it can be compared are other meaningless figures, such as the $65,000,000,000 debt limit for which it was substituted, or the S32.765.'737,900 appropriation measure signed by the President yesterday— figures which mean nothing in the absolute and are understandable only In relation to other figures. Like the mileage used by astronomers to denote distance in the firmament, the figures are symbols rather than finite measurement. They are significant, however, as symbols of the task with which our Nation is confronted and of the effort necessary to fulfill it. We must have everything, literally, that money can buy in our successful conduct of this war. Debt limit? The sky is the limit. We are pledging not only everything we have, but everything we expect to have. We are mort gaging our future with destiny. So far as the raising of the debt limit and the appropriation of bil lions of dollars are concerned, we are doing these things with our eyes open and a cheerful willingness to go the limit. But we have not yet begun to realize what this limit represents in terms of personal sacrifice. Our people are gradually adjusting themselves only to the thought, not the reality, of doing without some 30.000,000 private auto mobiles. Sugar rationing, tire ration ing. priorities, price ceilings, excise taxes, doubled Income taxes in the lower brackets—these, for the major ity of the people, still belong in the ; vague realm of headline words, with- | nut personal application. Their significance in relation to a standard nf living which we have come to regard as relatively fixed and sure means little now. The manner of acceptance by our I people of the grim realities of total war. with all the sacrifices of ac- j repted comforts of living, will depend, to a great extent, upon the conduct 1 of our leaders. In military opera tions, General MacArthur's example ; already has served as a splendid I Inspiration. He has typified the American Ideal of gallant courage and daring in the face of great difficulties and In the pursuance of his duty. In the adjustment of our domestic effairs to a new’ order of living, is it too much to expect our leaders in Government to set the same sort of example? If the people are to do without frills, luxury and easy living, cannot our National Government begin to dispense with comparable adornments and get | down to basic necessities? Of coursp. It. will hurt. Of course, it will not be ns desirable to do without things as to retain them. Neither is oit as riesirablp to do without automobiles or rubber heels as it is to retain them, j But wp shall have to stop measuring ! the value of things by what we would like to have. A low’er standard of living for our luxurious Government Is as necessary as it is for our citizens. And thp sooner we get dowm to it as a Government, the easier it will be to accept it as a people. Suggested order of the day for I MacArthur's bolo-swinging Filipinos: "Hew to the front line, let the Nips fall where they may." Masaryk March 7 is an anniversary of hope In the Nazi-blighted regions of Cen tral Europe. On March 7. 1850, the late Thomas Masaryk was born. We Identify him now with the history of Czecho-Slovakia. a sleeping country, drugged by the German Fascists, but as he is a symbol, he shines over all thp lands around his own country, reminding the peoples there that, freedom will come to those that want It. At the same time he reminds us in this country and in England that there is a deep sense of independence in Europe which it is honorable for us to encourage by battle to the end against the enemy of independence, the Axis. Masaryk. the political writer dur ing the last war, gave the world a warning which might well be heeded when the peace for this war is writ ten. "To overcome the peril of pan-Germanism.” he wrote in his "The New Europe.” "the Allies need determination. The principal task is to compel the German nation to rely on its own strength and to make it impossible for the Germans to exploit the neighboring non-German na tions, especially the smaller nations occupying the zone between the Ger mans and the Russians.” Masaryk, in short, was one of those men who In a sense live forever. The Iranian Road This planet-wide war is becoming more and more a struggle of com munications, That is especially true of the United Nations, operating on exterior lines and hence vitally de pendent on far-flung supply routes. Just now, attention is riveted on the sea lane from America to Australia, while we are forced to accept the i closing, of the highway into China from beleaguered Burma known as the Burma road and anxiously await the completion of an alternative highway into China from Northern India. Less in the headlines, but of almost equal importance, is another great transportation project in the Middle East. This is the combined rail and highway system across Iran (for merly Persia) from the Persian Gulf ! to the Caspian Sea and the borders of Soviet Russia. And it is of espe cial interest to know that it is being handled largely by American en gineers and with American equip ment and supplies. The core of the project is the railway built by the former Shah Rehza Pahlevi across his hitherto inaccessible country, which runs from the port of Bandar Shahpur at the head of the Persian Gulf to Teheran, the capital, in Northern Iran. Thence, spurs run to the port of Bandar Shah, on the Caspian Sea, and to Kazvin, in the opposite direc tion, on the way to Russian Trans caucasia. That line is now being extended some 100 miles to connect with a spur of the Russian railway system, though the gauges do not match. Meanwhile, the entire Iran ian railroad is being amplified with numerous sidings and double track age where conditions permit. This is a difficult operation, because the line crosses mostly mountainous country, with innumerable tunnels and bridges along the way. Never theless, a recent report stated that the railway's small capacity had more than doubled since the Anglo Russian occupation of Iran some months ago. and that another dou bling of capacity was projected during the coming year. A further problem has been the bottleneck presented by the port of Bandar Shahpur, which cannot ac commodate many vessels. Nearby on the Persian Gulf, however, are the Iranian ports of Khorram Shahr and Abadan, with the even more modernized port of Basra, just across the frontier of Iraq. All these ports have been linked with the Iranian railway by motor roads, while spur tracks are being laid. The growing communications network is being further amplified by an improvement of the historic caravan route from Bushire on the Persian Gulf via Shiraz and Isfahan in Central Persia to the capital. Though longer than the railroad, that road runs through easier country’ and may be come a major truck route. All in all, Iran is rapidly being developed into a major supply line for Soviet Russia. And. unlike Mur mansk or Archangel, it is climatic ally suited for year-round use. Up to now it has been safe from Axis inter ference. But the capture of Singapore and the invasion of Java raise the menace of Japanese sea power in the Indian Ocean. Physically, there is nothing to prevent Japanese cruisers and long-range submarines from attacking the sea lanes into the Persian Gulf from both South Africa and India. The threat would become still more menacing if the Vichy gov ernment should yield to reported Axis pressure and turn over to the Japanese the excellent naval base at Diego Suarez on the Vichy-con trolled island of Madagascar, which lies halfway up the East African coast. Thus does the 'struggle for com- 1 munication lines become ever more complex. The globe is literally criss crossed with these competing, routes of supply, which must be zealously guarded from destructive enemy attacks. The difficulties increase rapidly. But the stakes are vital, and the problems somehow must be solved. Missing Ships Rear Admiral Howard L. Vickery, vice chairman of the Maritime Com mission. is authority for the state- | mcnt that strikes in American ship yards during the first ten months of 1941 caused a work loss of 5,000,000 man hours—the approximate con struction time of ten ships of the Liberty type. It should be noted that Admiral Vickery's figures apply to a ten month period preceding this coun try's actual entry into the war. It might be contended that the threat of war was so imminent during the first ten months of last year that the shipyard workers should have stuck to their jobs, but there is little to be gained by debating that point. The time already lost is gone and cannot be retrieved. Our concern now should be with the present, and with the future. While Admiral Vickery gave no fig ures as to strike losses since Decem ber 7, there can be no doubt that the improvement in this respect has been most gratifying. Shipyard strikes since America entered the war have been few in number, local in char acter and have involved a relatively small number of men. An example is the walkout of twelve American Federation of Labor caulkers in two West Coast yards. These men de manded a 25-cent increase in their $ 1.1212 hourly wage scale. When their demand was rejected they sim ply quit their Jobs and found work elsewhere at the higher scale. As a result, naval personnel had to be assigned to their work on vessels ur gently needed by the Navy. Obviously, this strike or walkout is relatively unimportant. Only if repeated on a large scale could this type of obstructionism have a seri ously crippling pffect. It is disturb ing, however, to the extent that it may be indicative of a state of mind —of a failure to appreciate how vital ships of all kinds are to the success ful conduct of the war. Admiral Vickery illustrated the point nicely when he called atten tion to the fact that it is futile for i this country to build tanks and air planes for use overseas unless we also build the ships to transport ! them. In other words, unless we re sign ourselves to fighting for survi val on American soil, any shipyard strike — however small .— must give cause for concern. In 1-042 we can not afford to sacrifice ten ships, or even one ship, to strikes of any kind, material shortages, management blunders, or any other cause. This is a time for more of the spirit mani fested by Chicago union painters who , have voluntarily announced a reduc | tion in hourly wages and a length ened work week in the interests of ! the *N ation's war effort, and of the new spirit of co-operation and deter mination to boost production which has come out of the change of management of the Bendix, New Jersey, plant of Air Associates, Incorporated, where strife was for merly the order of the day. Federal Blackout The attitude of the Public Build ings Administration regarding Fed eral participation in Washington's blackout preparations is surprising and puzzling. It is hard to reconcile Acting Federal Works Administra tor Snyder's skepticism regarding gravity of the air-raid situation with Civilian Defense Director Landis’ exhortations to citizens to make all out, immediate preparations for any emergency—including prolonged ae rial attacks. Mr. Snyder says there are funds which could be used to equip the city's multitude of Government of fices with blackout curtains and other facilities, but he declares the P. B. A does not think the danger of prolonged air raids is great enough to warrant the cost of such installa tions at this time. The cost would be about $1,000,000. he said. Even as he spoke, President Roosevelt was pre paring to allocate $100,000,000 to va rious communities for purchase of gas masks, fire-fighting apparatus and other equipment on the theory that air raids on a major scale are a distinct possibility. If it is worth $100,000,000 to provide our cities with such realistic facilities as those au thorized under the O. C. D. appro priation, surely it is worth whatever is necessary to take the same precau tions for public buildings that are demanded for private buildings. According to Mr. Snyder, the P. B. A. favors a lights-out policy for Government buildings, unless there should be extended air raids. Private citizens, too, would prefer not to go to the bother and expense .of install ing special curtains and lighting equipment unless there is actual dan- 1 ger of bombardment. But they have been warned over and over again by responsible officials that the danger i is real and that adequate arrange ments must be made to protect the National Capital, whatever the trou ble and cost to householders and business establishments. The citizens have complied wholeheartedly, as was demonstrated dramatically last Tuesday night. Their co-operation will be less enthusiastic if the Fed eral Government itself belittles air raid hazards and ignores the rules which it has laid down for private residents. The New Wealth Shortly after the war started in 1939. the financial capital of the world shifted from London to New York; and now with America in volved, it seems to have shifted still farther west—to Iowa. That is. if actual wealth, not mere paper cer tificates, is meant. In the vaults of banks in two small Iowa towns re poses in majesty the entire spare tire stock of a large trucking company. "Tires keep better in dark, cool places," explained the trucking offi cials, "and especially when those dark cool places are barred.” The guardians of this priceless wealth are grim lipped and steadfast in their determination to protect it. No snow nor rain nor thieves will get in to their precious cargo of mileage. Stowed awav in metal boxes along the walls is quite an accumulation of stocks, bonds, money and other junk; but piled up on the floors is a veritable treasury. "It beats gold a mile,” say its custodians. "Gold has already been devalued; but show us any one who can devalue rubber, no matter how much it stretches. It is the absolute ideal in elastic cur ! rency.” The war news from the Russian front, as compared to that from almost everywhere else, is like the chocolate caramel or peppermint drop given as a gustatory antidote for a dose of castor oil. In former days, in case no better suggestion was offered, any old piece of silver served as a gift for a bride and groom. Today, how about send ing the happy couple a Defense bond, ' either large or small? The small Chinese junk is listed as a valuable addition to Japan's naval forces. By the time Uncle Sam fin ishes his job, it is hoped they will all 1 be junk. Of Stars, Men And Atoms Notebook of Science Progress In Laboratory, Field And Study By Thomas R. Henry. The United Nations—excluding China and India—have available for military service approximately two men for every one on the side of the Axis, according to calculations of the United States Census Bureau. The following estimates relate to men between the ages of 18 and 35 years: United Slate*. Continental United States in.fll 4.000 The Phtlipotne.s 2.400.000 Other United States territories and possessions 482.000 Total United Statea and pos aeasinns 22.TO*.000 Great Rrttain and Dominions. United Kingdom _ « SIS.000 Australia * _ 1.08,1,000 ! Canada M»7.(KMI New Zealand (excepting Maoris! 2.18.000 Union ot South Africa (white) _ .140.000 Total Great Britain and Domin ions (excluding India) _ 10 573.000 (India had an estimated 58.244, 0(10 males between 18 and 35 as of July l, i»4i. and, if India should be included, the total for Great Britain and itg dominions would be _ *8,517.000 Russia. Russia (Europe and Asia) _ 23.574.000 China. If it was possible to mobilize the full «' rengt h of China’s 18-35 age croup of males, there would be added to the Allies’ strength approximately 43.o<in.oon Total Alliea <18-35 males) not including India and China 5«.«45.onn Total Allies (18-35 males) in cluding India and China ]A3.S87.ooo No’e — Because of the incomplete census records respecting the na tives of the Netherland Indies, the United States Census Bureau did not undertake to estimate its 1 8-35 male population. Its total male and female population of all ages is estimated at tiff.435,000. Axis Nations—Males Aged lg-33. Germany (including Austria and Sudetenland) 3 1.281.000 V*ly , , . „ *.440.000 Japan 'excluding Korea and Man chukuo! 10.8.18.000 Total Axis nation* _ 28.5*0.000 The compilation Indicate* that the principal belligerents, by making fighters of all males between the ages of 18 and 35, would be able to place 85.203.000 men in the field, not including China. India and the Netherlands Indies. Of the grand total, 56,643.000 would serve with the Allies and 28.560.000 with the Axis. If China and India were to be Included, the potential man power of the Allies would be 163.887.000. The estimates do not include, on either side, the males between 18 and 35 in France. Czecho-Slovakia. Denmark, Es tonia, Greece. Latvia. Lithuania, Nether lands. Norway. Poland. Yugoslavia and French Inrio-China The total popula tion of these countries, of all ages, is 167,978.000. * * * * About 5 per cent more babies were born in 1941 than In 1940 The death rate took a slight drop— from 10 6 to 10.4 a thousand. Tliis is the provisional conclusion of j 'he United States Public Health Service ! from statistics gathered for the first nine months of the year. Although unofficial and subject to later revision, they are believed to be fairly accurate. * The birth rate is based on returns from 27 States, all of which showed an increase. There were approximately 18 births per 1.000 of the population. It was only about 17 the year before. It. ranged from 27 per 1.000 In Alaska and New Mexico to 15 in New Jersey, but every area showed some sort of Increase. Hitherto the birth rate has been de clining every year. There is no logical explanation for the sudden change. Public Health Service doctors say. They I point out. however, the old belief- that an increase in births always accompanies war. While this is difficult to check, they bplieve that it is probably true. The decrease in the general death rate, says the report, resulted from a decrea.se in most of the important causes of death. Tuberculosis, diabetes, brain hemorrhage, : heart disorders, pneumonia and diseases of the digestive system and kidneys all took a smaller toll. Fatalities from heart and kidney maladies and from brain hemorrhage have been rapidly on the increase in the last few years. The death rates for two of the chief diseases of childhood, scarlet fever and pneumonia, also were lower last year. This decrease, however, was more than counterbalanced bv the increased fatality of measles and whooping cough. Alto gether, it was an unhealthy year for children. Deaths from all four diseases combined was nearly 50 per cent higher than in 1940. Otherwise 1941 might, have j been about the healthiest year in Amer ican history. Deaths from some causes showed defl- 1 nite increases. The rate was higher [ than that of 1940 for influenza, cancer and accidents. Almost all the increase in accident, fatalities was due to auto- i mobile accidents. Eighteen per cent more persons, nr 25.7 per 100.000, were killed in cars than in 1940. Both the maternal and infant mortal- j ity rates continued to decline. ____ I Appeals to Congress for Equipment To Use in Air-Raid Emergencies. To the Editor of The Star: I am an air-raid warden in Arlington County, employed in the District. We have been putting in night after night of training, learning how to protect ourselves and our neighbors against air raids. We have been taught how to | combat incendiary bombs without seeing one. We have been taught how to com bat a gas attack without knowing what i the various gases actually smell like. In fact, our training has been all theory. This is not the fault of the training , officials, becqu.se they have no funds 1 available. All of our instructions end up with: "We hope to have this equip ment sometime." My purpose in writing you is, to urge your paper to do all it can to jar Con- j gress into a realization of the fact that 1 there are thousands of volunteers who are waiting for equipment with which to save lives and property. Get. us our supplies and equipment. Yes. they have appropriated $100,000,000 for National Defense, but how are they following I through? LOUIS A. BANKS. Urges Restoration of Ban On Sale of Intoxicants. To the Editor of The Star: Possibly a citizen of the District of Columbia who Is without a vote Is at a disadvantage in many ways: however, we at least can raise a voice In protest against a wrong. This is a time when every one. to be a true patriot., and to do his duty to his country, needs to make every effort to keep fit, and to have a clear head In order to meet any emergency to the best of his ability. Therefore, It is a time when prohibi tion again should be enforced. CLARA BOYNTON HADLEY. THIS AND THAT By Charles E. Tracewell. "MOUNT RAINIER, Md. "Dear Sir: "I for some time have increased from year to year the housing of purple mar tins. Last year they arrived earlier than most years previous, but I dis covered they left by the third week of August. "They were more numerous than evej and I noticed so many more new ones. Some had a tiny white speck on the wing tipa, still again the real purple martins that I had thought for years were dying out were increasing, and when our families hatched, most of them were the real martins. "Can you tell me Just where they winter? And if the war will have any serious effect on them? “I have heard they will build in eaves or gourds or most anywhere in the South, but somehow the birds that summer on the Eastern Shore of Chesapeake Bay seem unusually ‘choicy.’ , "They only build in our beat houses. I have 21 homes for therp. The smaller homes do not attract them whatsoever, only the ones that are painted white on 1 iron pipes. "I have one with about 20 rooms painted the color of wood bark and they will not build In it. * * * * "Will you please tell me how to attract bluebirds? "I have a number of little homes for them. I do know they build in fence posts, but that is all I know It seems I can keep only martins and wrens. Will you please print in The Star this in formation? As much as I love the little things I do not know so much about them. "Each year we take down the houses that we can take down and paint, fresh and cover up the larger on-s. We are erecting a 60-room house this year that is a beauty. "We have fireplace, chimneys and shrubbery, etc., on our martin homes, and all have weather vanes on them. "Our families have increased so that I wonder how we will take care of so many in years to come. However, we will do our best to keep them increasing. "Thanking you kindly for any informa tion you care to offer. "Respectfully, C. M R.“ * * * * What effect the war will have on the bird life of America is problematical. Increased food crops ought to redound 1o the benefit of the songsters. Yet larger plantings of crops might take away many of the thickets and wild places where birds find natural food and shelter. We do not believe that t.he war will have any serious effect on birds, pro vided the people of America realize that the songsters are part of the national wealth. There is no reason why anv one who now feeds and helps protect them should give up this good effort. Perhaps not as much food may be put out for them, but every little bit helps. We must remember that birds are a real help to agriculture. The more f%rm products, the more birds we heed. * * * * • Our correspondent's martins, evident ly, are on the Eastern 3hore. We under stand they are a regular feature of life there. May Thacker Cooke, in her mono graph on the birds of the Washing!on region, says that purple martins are summer residents, "tolerably common, but local.” By this she means that they occur only here and there. "For many years,” she continues, "a box at the engine company on Delaware avenue, near the Capitol, has been oc- j cupied by a colony. In spring one nr two individuals sometimes come as scouts, atid none ar» seen for a week or tW'O thereafter, when flocks begin to arrive. "For the last dozen years large roosts have been formed in the city; for a couple of years in trees opposite the Red Cross Building, and since then in the vicinity of New Jersey avenue and P street. The local birds begin gathering soon after the young are on the wing early in July, and are soon joined by migrants from the North, which con- i tinue to use the roosts until September. At the height of the migration as many as 30.000 birds have been estimated to occupy the roost in a single night. "Although the first of the swallow* to arrive, they apparently do not begin nesting until late in May.” The above was written in 1929. Martins will not nest in houses which •re closer than 50' feet to houses and trees. They should be mounted on poles at least 15 feet high. Martin houses range from half a dozen to 100 rooms. * * * * Bluebirds are best attracted by finding natural bluebird houses and using them Thus a fence post which has house*! a family of bluebirds is just the^hing. The- end may be sawed off and taken to its new location Here it may be put In a tree, or on a post. There have been instances of bluebirds nesting in the rural newspaper boxes. Most birds are afraid of gaudily painted boxes. The best colors are dull gray, brown or a dark green, rolors nature uses on stones, trees, posts, etc. The birds are used to these. Weatherbeaten boards are good, and,a new birdhouse left out long enough, without paint, will exactly suit some wild thing. Purple martins winter from Southern Florida to Mexico. Venezuela and Brazil. Occasionally some of them get to.Ber muda and other islands lying off the coast. Martins are perhaps the most popular of the swallows. It is said that they will attack and drive away all hawks and crows, and are therefore friends of the farmers. Indians put up gourds for them. Letters to the Editor Warn* Against Overdoing War Endeavor*. To ’he Editor of Thr St»r: In our anxiety to have an all-out war effort, we have to face the fact that it can be overdone to the detriment of that very endeavor. A trial of the daylight-saving plan has proven that more fuel and electricity were used in February and are being used In March. Houses have to be heat ed and lighted earlier and longer. Bv adding an hour to the working day and by adding overtime to that daily and on Sundays and holidays, the working force loses in power of resistance to disease. During the First World War the flu epidemic caused the death of hundreds of war workers whose resistance had been lowered by overtime and crowded living conditions. This can happen again. No concerted effort has been made to bring these facts forward because of the fear of being accused of "sabotage of war effort" or lack of patriotism, but it would be well to consider them. A NATIVE. Denies Assertion That Mr. Lindbergh Was Right. To the Kdltor of The Stsr: The Star for February J7 published a letter signed by Mrs. George D. Brand* and containing the statement: "Time proves that he (Mr. Lindbergh' was right about, air supremacy." I wish to challenge that conclusion most emphatically. Mr. Lindbergh said many times that Russia's air force was negligible. Time has proved this state ment to be incorrect. He said that we needed a sufficient air force for defense only. He prophesied that Germany never would invade Russia and that no country would dare to invade the United States. Time has proved him wrong in these cases also. LAURA K. POLLOCK. Want* More Ambition To Aid in "Superb Victories" To th# Editor of The Star: Before we really begin to win this war, we must get over our negative defensive attitudes. We must want to do more than merely to hold our own. We must want to do more than to preserve de mocracy. We must go all-out. We must seek to democratize the world. We must have plans for the setting up of democ racies in Japan, Italy and Germany. We must not become nostalgic over the past. We must think of a greater and a more glorious future. We must think of America’s democratic empire and of America’s democratic golden age. We must think of the days when Washing ton. D. C., will be the Capital of the world. Only when the great mass of Americans have this Idea will America begin to take it* rightful place in world history. Only when the will to power and action in the average American is brought out and purposefully directed will we begin to have great and superb victories. HENRY STONER. Suggest.* Change of Word* To Symbolize Change of Attitude. To the Editor of Hie Star: As an out-of-town reader of The Star, It occurs to the writer that, much of our present psychology about the war might be changed by* the simple substitution of Letters to the Editor must hear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. The Star reserves the right to edit all letters with a view to condensation. one two-syllable word for another. The word ‘ defense'1 now generally used is. in my opinion, a misfit survival of the pre war period. Why not substitute for it another two-syllable word that should express our attitude from now on toward our enemies, internal as well as external? That word is “offense.'1 Arming for offense. Products for of fense. All out for offense. Let's start something! Editors, orators, sales managers, salesmen, advertising men and top-flight executives pleas* copy. ADDISON LEWIS. Opposes Statue For Gen. MarArthur. To th« Editor of Th* 8t«r: I read an article in one of the local papers to the effect that the Conduit Road Citizens' Association was going to hold a meeting to discuss plans for erecting a statue to Gen. MarArthur. but I would like to suggest that they contribute the cost of the statue to the Red Cross. I am sure there are a lot of things Gen. MarArthur would appreciate right now a lot more than he would a statue. SERIOUS. Advocate* More Activity In Line of Pedestrian Recreation. To th* Editor of Th* Star There should be more walking, hiking and cross-country running. Years ago parties of hikers could be seen for miles along our roads. On Sundays It. was a stunt for Washington boys and men to walk to and from Great Falls along the canal path, or to Baltimore and other distant points. In New York on Sunday evenings the hikers, with their packs, crowd on to the ferries leaving the Jersey shores. A half million people are sitting down at work, while going to work and while resting after work, but health depends upon systematic muscular exercise car ried to the point, of fatigue. We need more walking and running. E. B. HENDERSON. Propose ".lack" as Name of New Jackson 5-Cent Piece. To the Editor of Th« 8t»r: During the Civil War the Federal Gov ernment issued a new 2-eent postage stamp bearing a picture of Andrew Jack son, the face covering almost the whole stamp. The stamp was printed in black ink on white paper. For many years stamp dealers and stamp collectors have called these stamps "Blackjacks.” The Government now is issuing a new 5-cent coin, and as the nickel is to be eliminated from this coin, it has been proposed that, a new name shall replace our name "nickel” for the 5-cent piece. As this new coin will show the profile of Jackson, may we suggest the name "Jack” for one and "Jacks” for more than one of these coins? Then the slang expression "Jack” for money would be come the real name of a definite coin. i CARL E. LUNDIN. STEPHEN F *iDOMSKI. Hartford, Conn. I Haskln's Answers* Questions . . *<; By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. . Q. When did the last invasion of Eng land occur?—N. D. A. England has not been invaded since the year 1066. when William the Con queror won the Battle of Hastings. Q How many people in the United States play „golf?—R. P. O. A. The United States Golf Association says there are 2,351.000 golfers in this country. Q Can an electric eel produce enough electricity to kill a man?—D. D. E. A An electric eel is able to discharge a shock of about 450 volts. This is enough to kill a man. Q. How old is the game of checkers?— T. D. L. A. Checkers is an ancient game. Homer refers to it and an ancient Egyptian vase depicts a similar game. r Word Book—A concise guide to correct speech and writing in Eng lish. treating of more than 2.non words most frequently mispro nounced, misspelled or misused by the average person. Don't handicap yourself by the misuse of language—overcome your mistakes, avoid the common errors in speech. To secure your copy of this practi cal publication inclose 10 cents in coin, wrapped in this clipping, and mail to The Star Information Bureau. . Nam* Address Q Where In the Arctic 1* the memorial to Admiral Robert E. Peary located?— C. G S. . A The Pears- Monument is at Cape York in Northwest Greenland. It 1* in the form of a tall pillar topped with a metal cap and Is -iisible some 30 milea at sea. Q Did Edmund Halley, the English a.Aronomer, live to see the return of his cornet?—D. A. W. A. He difl not. Halley died on January 14. 1742. in his 86th year; the comet which he discovered reappeared on Christmas Day, 1758. as he had predicted. Q Where is the oldest Presbyterian church in this country located?—F. M. S. A Old Tennent Church near Freehold, N. J.. claims to be the mother church of the Presbyterian denomination in the United States, having i*een established by the Scotch Covenanters in 1592 The present church was eracted in 1731. en large^ in 1751 and^Ls today in excellent condition. Q What proportion of the Indians in the United States are full-blooded?— D S. P. A. The Office of Indian Affairs say* that approximately one-half of the In dians in the country are full bloods. Q Who was the author of the lines, “As flies to wanton boys, so are we to the gods. They kill us for their sport' ? —O. R. E. A. The line* are from Shakespeare'* “King Lear," act 4, scene 1. Q What is the name of the tree from which cocoa is derived?—G. C. L. A. Cocoa is a product of the cacao tree. Though there are about 20 relared speries of this trep. the only one of commercial importance is Theobroma cacao The cocoa tree is a nativp of Latin America. Q Does bluing added to water bleach clothes white?—H. T. A. Bluing is used in laundering to rover or neutralize the yellowish tint of white fabrics. It does not remove the cause, but merely produces a gray to which the eyp Is leas sensitive and which appear* white. Q Why was the .month of March named in honor of Mars, the god of war?—G. D. E. A. In early times Mar* wa* associated also with agriculture and his month waa the one in which crops were planted. Q What is the legend connected with Drake's drum?—L. R. C. A. Sir Francis Drake had a drum which he carried with him everywhere he went. As he lay dying. Drake told his brother that if England ever was beset, from the sea he would return in spirit and animate some English naval leader if his drum was beaten. It is said that on the few occasions when the drum was beaten the tide of battle turned in favor of England. Q. How many men were registered for the draft in the First World War?— C. L. B. A. Four registrations during the first World War enrolled 24.234.021 men be tween 18 and 45. Q. How can one estimate the amount of space required for a home vegetable garden?—A. N. B. A. It has been estimated that a good garden providing vegetables for the table and for canning and storing for winter use requires 1,000 square feet of land for each member of the family. Q Who was the first woman to sing over the radio?—G. F. A. Vaughn De Leath was the first woman to sing over the radio. Letter From a Refugee Bring me. when you come, a jar Of earth from our own land; Say your father's ashes are What you have in hand— That is near enough to true So no sin will rest on you. Bring a root of something there, ’ Though it be a weed. I shall give it all the care Any plant can need. It (and I) will thrive and amir From the touch of soil we know. I am where I wish to be— I can call it home; Yet a longing aches in me For that bit of loam’ It will ease a hurt that lingers— Old. loved earth between my fingers. DOROTHY BROWN THOMPSON.