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Way for Labor Laws Two Supreme Court Decisions Hailed as Constitutional Gain By DAVID LAWRENCE. Tf it were not for the emphasi' given war news, this past week would have been regarded as his toric in the evolution of law and order in Amer ica from a con stitutional view point. The Supreme Court in two sepaarte deci sions, pointed the way to the restoration of a system of civil ized relation ships between labor unions and govern mental author David Lawrpnce. ities. The court was placed in a difficult position, because it seemed by inference to condone violence, and it is true that the tribunal could have just as easily found that the anti-racketeering law was vio lated by the truck drivers as to find that it wasn't. The result, however, is construc tive in the sense that Congress has been told in plain words that it can legislate, if it chooses, that labor union demands which take on the guise of extortion can be made pun ishable by law when the demands seek payment for work not done or for protective immunity from vio lence or intimidation. It will be recalled that when the Wagner Act was before Congress, the statement was made that phys ical coercion of one employe by an other was reachable by State law and hence there was presumably no need to deal with "unfair labor practices” committed by employes. What really happened was that the labor unions had sufficient political „ strength to prevent the passage of such a statute and none was passed. Anti-Rarket Law Vague. Many persons believed that the anti-racketeering law of 1934, which was on the statute books when the Wagner Act was passed, would take care of any extortion or violence on the part of unions in disputes affect ing interstate commerce. But the wording of the statute was ambigu ous. Thus, after prohibiting extor tion or conspiracy to obtain prop erty by force or threat of force, thp law went on to say that nothing in the statute was to bp construed as interfering with the "lawful” activities of labor unions. What then is lawful? Obviously the word referred to Federal stat utes, and there is nothing in Fed eral law nowadays that exercises police power over labor unions. It had been thought that, interruption to interstate commerce could be punished under the "restraint of trade" clauses of the anti-trust laws, but, the Supreme Court under the New Deal put an end to that theory in the so-called Apex case. In that instance, the labor union destroyed property in a sit-dow-n strike and forcibly prevented shipment of goods to customers, but the Su preme Court said this was some thing for State law to cover Since that time civil suits for damages were instituted under State law and a settlement made between the parties. Congress has shown a tendency to legislate and the Supreme Court , has followed along with the id^a, that crime in Interstate commerce can be reached by Federal law. as in kidnaping or stolen automobiles or the carrying on of fraudulent ( transactions across State lines. Plainly racketeering, even if it is a union activity, can be covered now under Federal law by being specifi cally defined, and the statute w;ill i apparently be held constitutional. Supports State Authority. Apart from the Federal power, however, the Supreme Court has 1 just said that State authority also ! can be invoked to get at violence or threats or intimidation. Even more than that, the court has held valid i a Wisconsin labor law which re stricts picketing and insists that no strike can be called without a ma jority vote of the employes. The Supreme Court ruled, in ef fect. that whatever policy a S’ate wants to adopt to fill in the gaps in the Federal labor law known as the Wagner Act will be held con stitutional if it is not in conflict with free speech or other provisions of the Federal charter. The Wis consin law. while modeled after the Wagner law in respect to employer nets, was the first of the State stat- 1 utes to go further and regulate the activities and unfair labor prac- ! tires of labor unions or their mem bers The Wisconsin law imposes penalties on employes who violate i the picketing laws or otherwise en gage in activities considered unfair , labor practices. So the w’ay has been opened for all States to adopt statutes guaranteeing the citizen in his constitutional right to work. The States have been given the \ grepn light by the New Deal court. This is important news in the pro duction world. iReproduction rights reserved ) The Political Mill G. 0. P. Has Chance to 'Go Places' in New York Next Fall if Dewey and Willkie Pull Together By GOULD LINCOLN. The Republicans have a chance to "go places" in New York elections next November, by standing together. On the other hand if the Dewey and Willkie forces in the Republican party clash over personal ambi tions, the fight to carry the Em pire State, tough enough in the first place, will become, in all probability, too terribly tough. There is reason to believe that a ranprorheir.en* is coming be tween Thomas E. Dewey, who would like to be the Republican nominee for Governor, and Wen dell L. Willkie. who would likp to be tiie Republican nominee for President in 1944. It has . looked for some time as though these gentlemen. Partly due to the desires of their friends and to poor advice, would tear each ether apart in an effort to control the Republican party in New York. But now, it is rumored, better counsel prevails. Mr. Willkie may get wholeheartedly back of the Dewey campaign for Governor this fall, and Mr. Dewey, whether he is elected Governor or not. will leave the way clear for Mr. Willkie to the presidential nomination in 1944. Has Many Warm Enemies. That would be a sensible pro cedure. Of course, what the Republican National Convention will do in 1944 is still a great big guess—even if Mr. Dewey stood f : A Tv aside for Mr. Willkie. There are other potential candidates for the nomination—including Sena tor Robert A. Taft of Ohio, who was the runner-up against Mr. Willkie in the Philadelphia na tional convention in 1940. There is the element in the Republican party which did not like, and does not like, Mr. Will kie because of his support of President Roosevelt's foreign policy. Indeed, Mr. Willkie has more warm supporters and more warm enemies in the Republi can party today than any other of the outstanding figures in the G. O. P. And the division comes largely over the Willkie attitudp toward the war ‘‘before Pearl Harbor." Mr. Dewey could not assure Mr. Willkie definitely thp nomi nation for President in 1944 for Mr. Willkie's support in the gu bernatorial campaign next fall, under all these circumstances. But if Mr. Dewey should be elected Governor of New York and should throw his influence in support of Mr. Willkie for the presidential nomination two years later, it would be like mak ing certain that Mr. Willkie would go into the national con vention with the whole of New York's big delegation lined up for him. To have those 94 votes in the national convention in a candidate's pocket is a big step toward the prized presidential nomination. Mr. Willkie might well be willing to take a gamble of that kind. Youth Was Against Dewey. "Tom" Dewey, who came within ap ace of winning the gubernatorial race in New York in 1938, it is understood, will finish out the four-year guber natorial term, should he be elect ed. Mr. Dewey is a young man. He was only 38 when he sought the presidential nomination In 1938. and it was his youth which militated against his chances then, plus the fact -that certain wealthy elements in the Republi can party did not want him. and did want Mr. Willkie. It is this same wealthy group in New York—which is more or Gerard Swope Resigns As Morgenihau Aide By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. March 7.—Gerard Swope, former president of the Gen eral Electric Co., yesterday an nounced his resignation as assistant t.a the Secretary of the Treasury so that he could be available for the forthcoming trial of an anti-trust suit instituted more than a year ago by the Attorney General against General Electric. In his letter of resignation. Mr. Swope explained to Secretary’ Mor gcnthau that since the law suit in volved matters on which the Su preme Court ruled in favor of Gen eral Electric in 1926. while he was president of the company. It. would be necessary for him to appear as a .witness in a trial that probably would last several months. Mr. Morgenthau. in a letter ac- i crptine Mr. Swope's resignation as of today, said “I take this oppcr- j tunity to express my very Sincere appreciation for the help, advice and counsel which you have so ably and generously given to me and my as- i sociates during the time you have been connected with the Treasury.” Maximum in beautn anti protection PRATT & LAMBERT __/ HOUSE PAINT For every part of your house—inside or outside— _U^V'-u'rC7’^ Tran and Lambert Taints are designed to do the lob . jSIJ V'i/Y-" BETTER to insure the utmost in beauty . . . f » r durability and economy. Spring season is almost here—_I / k -K* get ;n a supply of Pratt and Lambert House Taint nov * / Mpde with finest, pigments. linseed oil and dryers. "J , V / V\»— Available in all wanted colors. Phone or come in for \ 1 L I CSV eoior raid and prices. O, I it I /v mten-fUNN 1' •*= FAINTS » GLAlSS^ 609 G ST. N.W. ONE BLOCK EAST OF 7th b PENN. AVE. N.W. less bipartisan when it comes to getting what it wants—which has been largely responsible for the situation which has grown up there between Mr. Dewey and Mr. Willkie. Its prejudices against the youthful former New York County district attorney, who has been no respecter of per sons, have continued over from the last, presidential campaign. Some of these gentlemen would Just rather not have Mr. Dewey in the Governor's chair. And be yond that, they do not hanker to see him a future presidential candidate. The wealthy influences in the party, however, are strong for Mr. Willkie, They would like to use him to kill off Mr. Dewey, and then see him go into the White House. Democrats for Lehman. Republican chances in New York can be very good this fall, as things are now shaping up. This is well understood by the Democrats, who would like to have Gov. Lehman seek still another term. He has been pre vailed upon bv the President the last two tipjes he has run to be a candidate for Governor— even when Mr. Lehman did not want to be a candidate or would have preferred to be a candidate for the Senate. There is such a thing, however, as going once too often to the well. Unless th^re should be a distinct im provement in the war situation between now and next November, incumbents who are seeking re election may get. short shift from the voters. That goes for Gov ernors as well as for members of Congress. It is easily conceivable that the people will be irritated be cause of the various restrictions put upon them—even though they make the sacrifices with good grace. Also, they will be paving taxes as never before, with the prospect of still heavier tax burdens before them. Un less the administration is mak ing a good showing in the con duct of the war, there is bound to be dissatisfaction, which may come out at the polls. In 1918, when the Wilson administration had been doing a good job at the war abroad, even then dis satisfaction of the people with the discomforts and burdens put upon them caused an upset in the congressional elections, in favor of the opposition patty. . >■ The burdens in those days were little as compared to those the American people'will be carry ing by next November. Friends of Senator Mead of New York had hoped to put nim across for the Democratic guber natorial nomination. He Is an upstater—from Buffalo—and a good vote getter in the past. His sponsorship of the now dying Pensions for Congressmen Act, however, is believed to have so seriously affected his availability for the nomination that he will : not seek it. Indeed, he has said as much. It, will be interesting to see what Mayor La Guardia of New York will do when the race for Governor comes around. If Mr. Dewey is the G O. P. nominee, the Mayor would have to choose between supporting Mr. Dewey, j who went to the front for him j in the mayoralty campaign last , year, and turning his back on | him. As a matter of fact, both | Mr. Dewey ar.d Mr. Willkie cam paigned for Mr. La Guardia in that mayoralty race, when Dem ocratic State leaders, including Gov. Lehman, turned against the Mayor. CJ'/ZE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such, opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star's. Britain's India Problem Three-Point Self-Government Program Believed Under Consideration as Compromise Bv PERTINAX. What reform of the Indian gov ernment is likely to issue from the deliberations now taking place in London? Winston Churchill p.nd his colleagues are being urged to grant dominion I status if not . complete i n d e - pendence to the big empire in ; Asia. ‘‘Give the peo i pie real political power,” declared 1 Chiang Kai-shek ■ in his farewell j message pub j lished in New | Delhi Fcbru ! ary 23. Pf rtinax. i An American mission is about to leave for Bombay. Officially, It wiil set itself to reorganize local indus i tries end expand deliveries under the Lease-Lend Act. Political ques tions do not come within its scope. Nevertheless, its arrival is sure to be held as evidence that the United i Slates is all out for a drastic cut in British control. Many friends of England believe that the strength and determination of Indian resist ance to the invaders will grow in proportion to the new liberties con ferred. To understand the discussion in Downing street, a mp.jor ixiint de serves to be kept in mind. At the present time, the Indian army con \ sists of roughly 1,000,000 men, not to mention 40.000 British soldiers. That force is being increased at the rate of 50.000 monthly. By volun tary enlistment, apart from all com pulsion, millions could be gathered. But the authorities in New Delhi and in London do noi want to have anything to do with a bow p.nd arrow army. They stand by the rule that they had better raise only the man power which they can properly equip and no more. The volume of armaments and supplies available on the spot mark, therefore, a limit upon which they are not willing to trespass. To in crease India's industrial output, to send the non-ferrous metals which her soil does not yield and. of course, to forward troops and arms from the outside is the only way to de \elop her national defense. Solution Still Distant. If, tomorrow, Indian leaders like Pandit Jarwarharlal Nehru. Mr. Jinnah, etc., agreed as to the polit ' ical structure of an independent India and the Brttsih government fell in with their recommendation, not one single man could be added to those who are Rlreday in camps and barracks. But. the worst is this: Mr. Nahru, Mr. Jinnah and others are very far from having solved their differ ences. They have been thrashing them out for more than 20 years and have hardly moved toward a compromise. Let us as-Aime. that under external pressure, the London ministers give way to Mr. Nehru's request and decide that, hence forward. India is to be exclusively ruled by the ballot box. According to most observers. Mr. Jinnah’s Moslem minority would not readily put up with the new regime. I All the odds are that the 80.000 000 Moslems would revolt against the impending predominance of the 241.000.000 Hindus And. here, heed has to be paid to a vital consideration. India's stur diest fighters are of Moslem stock, or, like Sikhs and Gurkas. are hostile to “Congress India." The police formations are full of them* There fore. as the direct outcome of the reform, interna! order could hardly fail .to be endangered and national defense weakened. Mr. Jinnah sponsors the secession of the four provinces where Moslems predominate. He is ready to fashion AUTHORIZED STAR BRANCH OFFICES DISPLAY THIS SION YOU WILL FIND ONE AT THE k Hohberger Pharmacy—14th & Buchanan Sts. N.W. 3F YOU wont help, make it known through o Classified Advertisement in The Star. That is the surest way of getting in touch with those who can serve you. It is equivalent to ringing thousands of door-bells—throughout Washington and the metropolitan area in Maryland and Virginia. You won't have to hunt—and you won't have to wait, for For the convenience of those who wish to use The Star Classified Section, authorized Star Branch Offices are maintained in every section of the city. Copy left at a Star Branch Office will be promptly forwarded to the Main Star Office. There is a Star Branch Office near you ■—ready to render its service without fee; only regular rates are charged. Authorised v Star ; Branch Otnasa d$i*fi play the abot)* sign in Blwt and White.; a solution on the pattern of Ulster. But what about the Moslem minori ties scattered elsewhere? Advance Must Be Gradual. Is it to be inferred from the above ; that the present state of affairs must ; continue unchanged? No. But the ! advance towards self-government must be gradual, as it has been in the past. The act of 1935 provides for a fed eral government of India responsible to a federal legislature composed of the representatives of all the In dians and of the 562 states under sovereign rulers. That section of the act dealing with a federal gov ernment had to be postponed be cause of lack of agreement between the various ethnic communities, the | ndependent princes, etc. At the same ; time, it must be remembered that six Hindus and two Moslems have ' seats in the viceroy's executive coun cil. since July, 1931, as against five British ministers, and that, of re- j cent years, they have never been overruled. The sole important restriction placed on Indian autonomy is that all matters of national deiense and foreign policy are the exclusive ap purtenance of the viceroy. As to the 11 provinces, they have been I turned over to native administra- j tions and it is no fault of the British overlord if the seven Hindu cabinets chose to resign at the bidding of "Congress India," in September, 1939, on the argument, that they had not been consulted when war was declared against Germany. Such is the share of Hindus and Moslems for the time being. To widen it, the following program is probably under consideration: 1. The five British ministers to ! disappear from the viceroy's execu tive council so as to make that body entirely Indian. 2. The number of elected mem- i brrs, in the two branches of the central legislature, to be increased with a corresponding reduction in the number of nominated members 3. The electorate for the central and for the local legislatures to be enlarged. Such is the new ground that may be brok-pn with comparative safety. 1 To go further would involve great risks. Ralpa-ad by North Amenran N>w<pap*r Alliance. Ortiz Rubio Is Accused Of Attempted Murder Bv the A'-'-ociatM TOLUCA. Mexico. March 7 (4Y— 1 Carlos Mercado, private secretary to the wounded Gov Alfredo Zarate Albarran, last night formally ac cused State Legislator Fernando Ortiz Rubio of attempted murder in Thursday night's shooting of the Governor. . Mercado said the shooting oc curred "after a considerable amount of dunking" when the Governor ac cused Ortiz Rubio of joining an opposition party. The State Legislature met yester day and voted to strip Ortiz Rubio, American-educated head of its per manent commission, and the son of a former Mexican President, of his immunity from arrest. This would i permit him to be tried in the regu lar courts. __ Baptist Missionaries in Shanghai 'Unrestricted' By ’he Associated Press. RICHMOND. Va„ March 7.— Southern Baptist missionaries in Shanghai are "unrestricted.” while all others in occupied China are living in compounds and homes, the State Department informed the Foreign Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention yes terday. Earlier this week. State Depart ment officials were asked to take steps for the relief of six Baptist I missionaries reported confined to Stanley Prison in Hong Kong. i This Changing World Nazi Ships Expected to Try Channel Coup In Dash Toward the Mediterranean By CO}fSTANTINE BROWN. With the fall of Java the Jap anese will have reached their first set of objectives much quicker than any one expected. Whether the Dutch and a handful of American and British forces con tinue guerrilla warfare from the mountains is immaterial. The principal consideration, as far as the United Nations are con cerned, is that we have been de prived of our last naval and air bases in the South Pacific. The only remaining bases which the American and Austral ian forces can use are on the east and southern coast of Aus tralia and New Zealand, thou sands of miles away from our future objectives. Darwin is hardly an adequate place for naval craft. This secondary base is under the constant fire of Jap planes. Furthermore, there is the u fScc*!/ f ' X (jCp v possibility that Japanese forces may land and occupy that section of Australia, which is separated from the more populous part of the country by desert and jungle. Military experts believe the sec ond phase of operations of the Axis will begin shortly, probably before the end of this month. It Is believed these operations will take the shape of a combined ac tion by the Nazis and Japanese. The former will operate through the Mediterranean toward the Indian Ocean and Middle East, w hile the Japs will move toward the Red Sea and India. Jap Losses Relatively Small. According to unofficial esti mates, which are considered re liable, the losses of the Japanese in the conquest of Java have been relatively small. The main body of the Japanese fleet has suffered comparatively little. One or two old battleships, some cruisers and destroyers and less than 100 transports. As a matter of fact, the prin cipal Japanese striking fleet was not in actual engagement. Con voying naval units were lost at Macassar and last week in the battle for Java. These losses did not seriously weaken the striking power of Japan. Japanese avia tion losses do not exceed Nip ponese air production for two months. According to available information, the Japanese man ufacttue an average of 500 planes a month. All in all. it is estimated that the conquest of Malaya. Singa pore and the Netherlands Indies was the cheapest military per formance in history in relation to the purpose, strategic and economic, for which it was un dertaken. The Japanese are expected to require only a slight pause to gather their forces for further operations which most military and naval experts believe will take piace In the Indian Ocean and against India. Meanwhile, the Nazis are re ported to have completed their air concentration in Southern Europe. There is a possibility that the German ships which recently escaped from Brest may attempt to move through the English Channel in company with the battleship Tirpitz, this time in a dash toward the Med iterranean. In spite of the losses suffered during the last 12 months, the British are still masters of the Eastern Mediterranean, the prin cipal future scene of battle with the Nazis and Fascists. While the Italian fleet unquestionably has air superiority, it is not con sidered sufficient in itself to op pose the British. The Italians have ships but not an ounce of fight in them. Evpn the eventual addition of the French surface ships to the Italian Navy would not give the Axis thp necessary fighting su periority. The French vessels arp good. but. here acain it is doubt ful whether the French seamen would have much heart in an other war unless they are strong ly supported by real fighting units. Preparing for Grim Eight. For this reason it is believed in many quarters that the Nazis may attempt to dash southward through the Channel to attempt to enfpr thp Mediterranean. If they ran get through Dover Strait, the iob of passing through Gibraltar Strait, which is only 17 miles long and can be traveled in less than an hour, will not be very difficult. The same artificial clouds as were released in the dash from Brest to the North Sea might be successfully used again. The British are worried about such a possibility and are aware of the fact that if the Nazis slip through their blockade again the position of thp British fleet in the Eastern Mediterranean would become precarious. Because a German attack is expected in that region soon the United Nations are preparing themselves for a grim fight. Masses of planes and tanks have bPen concentrated in the Near East and North Africa since last November and it is believed by informed sources that Allied forces will be able to meet the enemy with much greater success than in the past. It is admitted that the fight will be hard because with the Japanese loose in the Indian Ocean the Axis powers have a real strategic advantage over the United Nations. Hawaii 'Victim' Home For Mother's Burial Bv ihp Associated Press, BELLEVILLE, III, March 7.— John Rauschkolb. for whom this community once held memorial serv ices, came home last night—for the burial of his mother. Mrs. Ethel Rauschkolb died Feb ruary 18 of a heart attack en gendered, her family said, by the strain of believing her 21-year-old sailor son dead at Pearl Harbor and learning of his safety 12 hours after he was honored as Belleville's first war fatality. i Slate Fall Kills Two GRUNDY, Va . March 7 ,P —Two miners were killed and another in- ’ jureci yesterday in a slate fall in the Buchanan County Coal Corp.'s No. 1 mine at Big Rock. The dead were listed as Roland Dotson and Lundy Dotson, brothers, both of Grundy. Americans in Shanghai May Be Returned Br the Associated Press. TOKIO (From Japanese Broad casts!, March 7.—The Swedish con sulate in Shanghai will accept ap plications from United States na tionals who wish to return home from that Japanese-occupied city. Domei reported today. The news agency said the United States Government was negotiating with Japan through the Swedish consulate to allow their return. It declared 1.600 Americans, includ ing diplomats, were in Snanghai. Ham Traxels 20,000 Miles RICHMOND. Va.. March 7 i/P —A Virginia ham. shipped November 26 as a Christmas present for the wife of an American Army officer in the Philippines, was returned to the sender the other day with the Philippine mark: ‘ Post office closed/' It. had traveled about 20,000 miles. _ Secretary Knox Burns His Political Bridg es G. Gould Lincoln, writing in the Editorial Feature Section of The Sunday Star discusses the Secre tary of the Navy. He reveals the irritation that exists in the administration over false reports that spread across the country since Pearl Harbor. He discloses the confidence that it won’t be long before the Navy takes heavy revenge for the sneak attack on the Pacific Fleet. Secretary Knox has cast his personal politics aside for the duration and Mr. Lincoln’s article explains why he is serving in the cabinet. You will find cause for encouragement if you read it. Tomorrow, March 8th, i7i pjc Sunday fstaf * Call National 5000 for regular delivery both Sunday and Daily McLemore— A Chance to Give One's Life at Home Bv HENRY McLEMORE “A little learning is a dangerous j thing.” That Is Mr. Alexander Pope's most celebrated saying. ; I suspect now that I know what Henry Mrl.emo^e. prompted it. Sometime dur ing Mr. Pope's lifetime <1688 1744i an emer gency arose in England. Mrs. Pope suddenly decided to learn how to use e gun in rase the Pope household had to he defended against invaders while Alexander was knocking off nls daily stint on the typewriter. After her first lesson on the use of firearms, she came home with a 22-caliber blunderbuss and started pointing it here end there about the house. After she had carelessly drawn a bead on Alexanders head a couple of times he doubtless was inspired to dash nfT his most oft ! quoted line Mrs. Pope's moriern-dav counter part is a loose in my house now De termined that no German nr Jap will ever invade our household with out some one getting shot, even if it is one of the immediate family, my wife has joined a Women's Home Defense firearms class. Plans call t for the class, which is composed of a dozen or so matrons who still refer to themselves as "the girls." to practice shooting three times a week. I have attended only nne meeting I—the firs* and I am lading R to ]. that inside of three weeks there won’t be a survivor, including the instructor ia game guy if T ever met one. There isn't a member of the class who has ever handled a weapon any more deadly than a mouse trap and they ail seem to be under the • giggling assumption that a r:fip can be handled with the same abandon as a mop. broom or vacuum rlpanor, * * * * To the average man. who has hr.d some sort of gun ever since he usx a kid. the conversation when the : class was called to order and guns handed out, was unbelievable. "What is that little bump 'wav ou* on the end of the gun?" the i little home pro’actor in the rash mere sweater asked, pointing to the sight. "Is this the son of cun that kicks?" oueried the woman ;n the gabardine slacks. "Anri doe- it kirk before or after it is fired0" The instructor was very patient Hp even changed gums for nnp of the women when she complained that "the wood in the handle of mine i5n’t as pretty as The wood ;n Sally's.” Annie Oaklev would not only hat® turned over in her grave but would have sought even deeper cover had she seen the manner in which the new threat aeains- the Axis hordes aimed its rifles. - One woman, whose knowledge of shooting obviously had been gained from taking her son to Western movies, stubbornly insisted on shoo' ing from the hip. Another rested the stock comfortably on top of her ' shoulder, insisting that r er.abied her to get closer to the sight. An other held the gun at arm's length as if she were shooting a giant , pistol. My wife, bless her. did none of these things. She placed the stork smark in the center of her rhest. ' That was ton much for the instruc tor. He wanted to know why this unique stance. The explanation was that it enabled her to get twice as good an aim. From this position she could use both eyes in looking through the sight. T thought that when the lessop was finished my wife would be done with a rifle until the next lesson. but. unfortunately. I have a rifle m the house and for two days she has been stalking like a character out of the “Leather Stocking Tales " Tire grocery boy got the shock of his life yesterday when, unknow ingly. he played the part of a Jap anese landing force. When he walked into thr kitchen he was con fronted with the muzzle of a gun pointed through the swinging door of the dining room. The “capture" cost us a dozen eggs and a pint of whipping cream. Maybe I have the wrong slant on things, but with only one life to ci\p my country. I don't like the thought of giving it at home. I surrender, dear. iDistnhutcd by MrNaueht Syrdiratr Inr ) U. S. Diplomats Reported On Way to Spanish Border F th< Associated Press. LONDON. March 7—The Daily Mail said in a dispatch from Madrid today that 100 United States diplo mats and newspapermen, detained at Bari Neuheim. Germany, since December, now are er.route by sep cial train to Port Bou, on the French-Spanlsh border. The newspaper said the party would be taken later to the Portu guese horrier pending an exchange of German diplomats from the United States. A Stockholm dispatch to Ex change Telegraph yesterday quoted a Berlin report as saying the Amer icans were not expected to leave Bad Neuheim until the end of March. War in Retrospect By the Associated Press. One Year Ago Today. British announce collapse of last Italian resistance in Soma liland. Two Years Ago Today. Finns throw back Russian forces attacking over ice of Viipuri Bay; Sweden presses efforts to arrange Finnish Russian armistice. 25 Years Ago Today. Lull follows heavy fighting on Somme and Ancre sectors of western front.