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Moderately warm today, followed Sy showers tonight. Temperatures yester day—Highest, 66, at 5 p.m.; lowest, 34, at 8:10 a m. From the United State* Weather Bureau report. Full Details on Page A-2. . ■ a. . ■ is The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered in the city and suburbs at 75c per month. The Night Final Edition and Sunday Morning Star at 85c per month. No. 1,928—No. 35,740. WASHINGTON, D. C., MARCH 8, 1942-130 PAGES. * K <P) Means TVV PTTVTS Associated Press. Radio Silent All Java Feared Lost; Bandoeng Break-Through Perils Last Major Dutch Strongholds ..______ SoerabajaCutOff, Evacuation Port Badly Battered By the Associated Press. LONDON, March 7.—Blacked out communications left the fate of all Java in the gravest doubt tonight after a 13-hour-old dis patch had told of a Japanese break-through in the outer northern defenses of Bandoeng, the military headquarters and arsenal where the Netherlands Indies had concentrated its re maining effective forces. "We are now shutting down. Good-by till better times. Long live the Queen!" was the farewell mes sage of the official Java radio serv ice as it signed off. (The message was timed 7:55 a.m., E. W. T. today.) The official station is located at Bandoeng. Tonight, anxious Dutch circles In London waited in vain for fur ther word of the desperate fighting for their last strongholds in the beleaguered 622-mile long island, word which they hoped could be sent from, small secret transmitting stations elsewhere in Java. But these stations, just powerful enough to be heard in Australia and designed for use only when all other means of communication had failed, also were silent. "We don't know whether they are operating." said one Dutch source, "It’s a terrible business.” Defenders Give Way. The silence suggested that the headlong advance of overpowering Japanese forces, free to work their will in the air and on the sea, had overrun not only Bandoeng but other strongholds as well. Pounded by a Japanese air force against which "Dutchmen can no longer put up sufficient resistance,” the defenders of the beautiful glens of volcanic Mount Tangkoeban Prahoe, 10 miles north of Bandoeng, finally gave way on Friday, said a dispatch of Aneta, the Dutch news agency. As a result, the dispatch said, the situation on the whole western end of the island, which had been reck oned as the best defended, was ad mittedly critical after only seven days of the invasion. This dispatch, timed at 10 a.m. (9:30 p.m., Friday, E. W. T.), was about 13 hours in transmission, and the interruption of further com munication suggested that perhaps Dutch hopes of making a Mac Arthur-like stand amid the high hills of West Central Java had been completely dashed. Situation Admittedly “Critical.” The complete dispatch follows: "Bandoeng. March 7, 10 a.m., Java time (Delayed).—Japanese troops have broken through Bandoeng's northern defenses, it became known this morning. “The situation on at least the western part of the Island of Java is now admittedly ‘critical.’ "The breach occurred Friday in the lines on the northern side of the famous volcano of Tangkoeban Prahoe. “The defenses here constituted the first line of Bandoeng's moun tain defenses to the north. “The Japanese break-through took place in the face of fierce re-: sistance on the part of the far! numerically inferior Netherlands Indies troops. “The defenders were continually <See JAVA, Page A-7.) London Story on U. S. Navy Brings Protest in House By the Associated Press. Representative Voorhis, Democrat, of California, protested in the House yesterday against publication under a London dateline of a news story concerning the movement of United States transports in the South Pa cific. “It seems to me that if censorship means anything at all,” he said in a one-minute speech, “this certainly is the main place it should be ap plied.” The story was cleared by British censors and thereupon became avail able under American censorship rules for publication in this coun try. Later, Mr. Voorhis told reporters that “if the American public can be given this information they should get it through their owm press, not through London.” Secretary of the Navy Knox told White House reporters after a con ference with President Roosevelt yesterday that the Navy Depart ment is taking up with British au thorities the publication of the story In the London Daily Mail. He said the correspondent who wrote the story, Walter Farr, was permitted the courtesy of traveling on an American vessel with the under standing that anything he might write was subject to check by Amer ican authorities. Radio Programs Page E-4 Complete Index Page A-2 I Reporter McDaniel Finds Port In Australia Full of Americans . _ A. Newsman Flees Java As Deck Passenger On Cattle Boat C. Yates McDaniel, Asso ciated Press correspondent, now a veteran at escaping just ahead of the Japanese, arrived in Australia from em battled Java Saturday just a few hours after his wife had reached Melbourne, across the continent, in a similarly hazardous adventure. Their stories reached this country almost simultaneously. Mrs. McDaniel's story is on page A-6). By C. YATES McDANIEL, Associated Press War Correspondent. PERTH, Australia, March 7.— I have reached friendly and still peaceful Australia 12 days after leaving then threatened and now occupied Batavia as a deck pas senger aboard a 40-years-old Dutch freighter with 90 Ameri can. British and Dutch refugees. Also aboard our ancient vessel when we left was probably the last cargo of tin from the East Indies and a load of cattle, sheep, pigs, and fowl. The 2.300-ton ship brought us un scathed into a little Australian port after tossing and pitching 2,000 miles through turbulent waters of the Indian Ocean. She arrived with her human and metal cargo intact but with only two forlorn cows of our original livestock—for we ate the rest enroute. Perth was almost an American city when I arrived late last night. Around a lamp post near the rail way station a uniformed quartet j c. yates McDaniel. —A. P. Photo. singing "Down by the Old Mill Stream." "Sweetheart of Sigma Chi." and other American favorites. Americans Welcome Sight. My fellow countrymen, a welcome sight to a weary eye, were every where—on sidewalks, in soda foun tains. in hotel lobbies. Their presence, unfortunately for me, was not limited to hotel lobbies, for after several hours of vain searching for lodgings I finally , spent the night on the floor of a hotel room occupied by an officer friend from Singapore. As our convoy steamed south into the Straits of Sunda, the British cruiser Exeter, which helped drive the German pocket battleship Ad- | miral Graf Spee to suicide off Montevideo, cut across our path leading a vessel Batavia-bound. The sun rose the next morning i See McDANIEL. Page A-6. > Brazil Puts Guards At Jap Embassy in Retaliatory Step Protests Its Diplomats In Nippon Are Treated Like Prisoners of War By the Associated Press. RIO DE JANEIRO. March 7.— The Brazilian government an nounced tonight that its embassy in Japan has been occupied by military police, its ambassador held incommunicado and its “functionaries treated like pris oners of war.” and that accord ingly it was taking “similar measures” in retaliation against Japanese diplomats in Brazil. An official government statement said: * “The government of Brazil has! been informed officially that the Ambassador and diplomatic func tionaries of Brazil in Japan are in a disturbing and strange situation! incompatible with international uses : and customs. Envoy Held Incommunicado. “Our Ambassador was placed in- ; communicado, our Embassy was occupied by civil forces and military police which remain in it. and our functioneries are treated like pris oners of war. • Unlike a number of Central American nations. Brazil has not j declared war on the Axis powers. But like all the South American republics, with the exception of Argentina and Chile, she has broken off diplomatic relations with Japan. Germany and Italy.) “The Brazilian government, which has given all guarantees to the dip lomats and functionaries of coun tries with which it has ceased diplomatic relations*and has assured them all liberties, in accordance with its traditions of hospitality, finds itself forced against its will to give the Ambassador and functionaries of Japan in Brazil treatment equiv (See BRAZIL, Page A-3.) ~ Radio Industry Due To Go on War Basis Before Midsummer Government Bans Making Of Sets for Civilians After April 22 The Government yesterday pro hibited manufacture of radios and phonographs for civilian use after April 22. and set in motion a program calling for conversion of the entire radio industry to war production before midsum mer. No move was made, however, to freeze retail stocks and the War, Production Board said radio sales would continue on a “first come, first served,” basis until available supplies were exhausted. They es timated that the industry's curtailed 1942 output would total about 3,000,000 sets. Meanwhile in another action with direct effect on the public, Price Administrator Leon Henderson or dered prices of mechanical refriger ators restored to February 2 levels. He said there had been inflationary and unfair increases since February 14 when plans for eventual ration ing of refrigerators were announced. In three months of war, the Gov ernment already has stopped or limited manufacture and sale of new automobiles, tires, refrigerators,! radios and typewriters and has in dicated that vacuum cleaners and (cashing machines soon will be added to this list. 55 Companies Affected. Manufacture of refrigerators is to stop April 30. No definite date for stoppage of civilian typewriter pro duction has been set. The radio order affects 55 com panies which reported a total busi ness of about $240,000,000 last year. They employ about 30,000 workers. W. P. B. said unemployment dur- , i See RADIOS, Page A-5.) Production Unit Of W. P. B. May Be Reorganized Reports of Shake-up Follow Nelson Denial Of Shipbuilding Lag By the Associated Press. Reports that a reorganization ot the W. P. B. Production Di vision was imminent circulated yesterday in the wake of a vigor ous denial by W. P. B. chairman Donald M. Nelson that the 1942 war shipbuilding program might fall short of President Roosevelt’s goal. There was no official Indication that the shake-up in the Production Division, headed by W. H. Harrison, ] former vice president of the Ameri can Telephone & Telegraph Co. had any connection with the shipbuild ing situation, but Mr. Nelson told reporters emphatically: “'The ship building program has got to come through." Mr. Harrison told a press con ference Friday that a shortage of steel plate had raised the possibility that President Roosevelts demand for production of 8.000.000 tons of merchant shipping this year might not be realized. Nelson's Denial Sharp. “I haven't recognized any such possibility,” Mr. Nelson said sharply, when asked for comment. Mr. Harrison said the victory schedule was running ' not more than 10 vessels behind” in February. But some of this lag would neve be made up, he declared. He added, however, that he saw nothing to in dicate that the victory schedule would be impossible of achievement. One W. P. B. source said any re organization of Mr. Harrison's di vision probably would tie in with changes in the Army's setup provid ing for three War Department branches—ground forces, air force and service of supply. What al terations W. P. B. would make to fit itself into this setup were not disclosed. Labor Heads Pledge Support. Mr. Nelson's remarks on ship building were made at a press con ference he held immediately after a meeting with Philip Murray, C. I. O, president, and William Green, A. F. L. president. He said both had pledged their ‘ whole-hearted support” in carrying out an imme diate 25 per cent increase in pro duction with existing facilities. The production chief said he talked over ‘‘the whole subject of industry-labor committees” with Mr. Murray and Mr. Green and that the conference proceeded ‘‘com pletely harmoniously and co-opera tively.” ‘‘I am convinced that out of the whole thing will come increased production,” Mr. Nelson declared, adding that both Mr. Murray and Mr. Green ‘‘realize the necessity for increased production now—in 1942.” Leaving the conference, Mr. Green described it as ‘‘very satisfactory” and Mr. Murray declared that "we pledged the utmost co-operation.” Decorated Nazi Flyer Reported as Deserter By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, March 7.-Front dis patches reported today that Lt. Herbert Baumgartner of the 27th squadron of the German air force has deserted from* his command and joined the Soviet army in the Crimea with his Heinkel III. A German flyer holding a Lieuten ant's rank named Herbert Baum gartner was formerly one pf Field Marshal Hermann Goering's private pilots. He had been decorated several times for bravery in aerial attacks against Poland. England and Russia and held the highly I prized diamond Iron Cross. Fleet and Air Force Destroyed, All Aid Cut Off, Dutch Are Fighting to End in Java Hills (The following is the final mes sage received by the New York office of Aneta, Netherlands In dies news agency, from its Ban doeng correspondent. A review of the last phases of the cam paign in Western Java, Aneta said it obviously was written in anticipation of the grave events which followed.) By J. B. BOUWER, Aneta StafI Correspondent. BANDOENG. Java. March 7.— i (Aneta to A. P.i.—The situation on Java, at least on the western part of the island, has now become criti cal. The Japanese—again attack ing with great superiority—have broken through the defenses on the north side of the well-known vol cano of Tangkoeban Prahoe. This happened Friday, after des perate resistance from Netherlands Indies troops which were not only numerically far inferior but were moreover harassed by the Japanese air force against which Dutchmen can no longer put up sufficient re sistance. , ' The tragedy now being enacted in the previously peaceful valleys north of the famous crater—well known to hundreds abroad for its beauty— becomes heart-rending when one re calls that a great part of the Dutch Air Force was lost in the unavail ing defense of Malaya. In the Netherlands Indies there has been criticism of the Allies in Malaya and Singapore. Judgment will be softer now that Dutchmen are fighting in the same circum stances as did the Allies in Malaya. Circumstances here, however, are still more unfavorable, as the Japa nese superiority is probably not less than five- to one—to say nothing about air superiority. In the air the Japanese have absolute mastery. When on December 8—Java time —Japan declared war on the United States and Great Britain, the Neth erlands Indies immediately threw in its forces in the air and on the sea in support of the cause of its Allies, and this in the aggressive way which has been praised so much by the public opinion of all countries which fight against tyranny. This policy was one which risked (See ANETA, Page A-5.) f\ REGRET THAT I ^ HAVE BUT ONE SPEECH ATATiMETOGlVE J V FDR MY COUNTRY / SEND WORD 7& GENERAL /E macArthur that he needwi Worry about the political] k front. WE’LL HOLD it to / XJ}FU5T5PEECH_4 ^STEADY MEN. HOLD >r f Your tongues until we see vMWhitesof their eyes J N 7i\ €J fSriBWj ' DAMN TMfL^S typewriter, u R^vpowrwe' \ , ruiLSTMH mm '/ty/CHELS^ 1941 National Income Hits All-Time Peak Of $94,500,000,000 Defense Effort Gives Year-End Spurt to Record Figure Bv OLIVER McKEE. National income last year reached an all-time high of $94. 500.000,000, an increase of 22 per cent over the 1940 total, and nearly 13 per cent greater than in 1929, the previous peak year, the Commerce Department an nounced yesterday. The income rise, the largest re orded in a single year, reflected widespread expansion in the Na tion’s productive capacity and higher prices, the department ex plained. Though the war effort was the principal factor in the advance, all industries shared in the upswing, and the year's production of most types of civilian goods achieved rec ord levels, it said. By December, national Income had risen to an annual rate of ap proximately $104,000,000,000. National income In 1942 is ex pected to run between $110,000,000, 000 and $115,000,000,000. The price level is one of the uncertain ele ments in the 1942 picture, according to Commerce Department experts, i Payrolls Up 25 Per Cent. Excluding $1,200,000,000 in work relief wages and $1,600,000,000 in social security contributions by em ployes, wages and salaries last year amounted to $61,200,000,000. a 25 per cent increase over 1340. This in crease. the department said, "re flects the combined effects of fuller employment, longer hours of work and higher wage rates.” Based on limited data, the depart ment estimated the net income of incorporated business at $7,200,000,-: 000, a 31 per cent rise over 1940. 1 "Net income of incorporated busi nesses in 1941 exceeded by 4.5 per cent the record profits of 1929, when corporate tax payments were con siderably smaller,” it said. Though dividend disbursements were only 9.1 per cent higher than in 1940, business savings (undis tributed profits) more than doubled, j Dividend disbursements last year were estimated at $4,600,000,000. as compared with $5,900,000,000 in 1929 Business savings in 1941 amounted to $2,600,000,000. Farm Income Lifts Gains. Unincorporated business had an income last year of $14,600,000,000. a gain of 31 per cent over 1940. In come of farm operators—principal component of unincorporated busi ness-totaled $6,100,000,000, a 40 per cent gain over 1940. twice as great as that recorded by other groups in this classification. In terms of the 1935-1939 dol (See INCOME, Page A-6.) Smoker Arrested in Fire Fatal to Four Persons By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. March 7.—Police arrested a hotel porter tonight in connection with the deaths of four persons, two of them babies, in a roaring fire early today in a west side, three-story tenement building. The man, booked as Francis J. Kelly on a charge of homicide, trudged home from a neighborhood bar shortly after 4 a.m., police said, lighted a cigarette and then went to sleep fully clothed in his first floor room. Awakened as smoke and flames enveloped his bed. Kelly attempted to awaken other residents by ring ing a single front door bell which j apparently was not heard by any, investigators reported. Three bodies—burned beyond pos tive identification—were found by j firemen within the building. The fourth victim was Geraldine Morales, 4. who died of a fractured skull when she slipped from the arms of her mother, Mrs. Genevieve Morales, 24, who Jumped with the child from a second floor window. KILLED IN ACTION—Lt. Col. Stanley K. Robinson, Army flyer and former District ten nis star, was killed in fighting in the Southwest Pacific Jan uary 29. the War Department announced yesterday. While no details were given, it w>as assumed he met his death in the Macassar Straits battle. Col. Robinson was well known for years in District tennis circles and was one of the Army's ranking players. (Story in sports section.) —Star Staff Photo. _ Six Killed, 28 Injured As Troop Train, Flyer i Collide on Trestle Four Soldiers Are Among Dead in Head-on Crash At Granby, Mo. By tbe Associated Press. GRANBY. Mo.. March 7.—Six persons were killed and at least 28 injured tonight when a troop train collided head-on with a crack Frisco Railroad passenger train on a trestle near the Granby depot. Of the dead, four were soldiers. The other two were cretv members of the fast Will Rogers, en route from Oklahoma City to St. Louis. Of the injured, 19 were soldiers, 5 were trainmen and 4 were pas sengers. Trainmen killed were Herschel; Napier of Springfield, fireman, and William Weldon, porter, on the Will Rogers. Names of the dead soldiers were not made public Immediately by Army officials. Frank Reed of Springfield, en gineer of the Will Rogers, and Engi neer Luther Erie of Tulsa of the I special, both were hurt seriously. Fireman M. McAlester, Tulsa, leaped before the crash and escaped seri- j ous injury. Lester Powers, Tulsa, conductor on the Will Rogers, and Ed Chap- j “ (See TRAIN WRECK 7 Page A-5.)~ 1 Ex-Airplane Worker At Quantico Seized On Sabotage Charge Suspect Had Been Watched by F. B. I. Since Last Month By the Associated Press. NASHVILLE. Tenn.. March 7.— Divisional Agent E. E. Kuhnel of the Federal Bureau of Investiga tion said Joseph Frank Weiss, 31-year-old Nashville aircraft worker, was arrested this after noon and charged with sabotag ing a Marine Corps airplane at Quantico, Va. Mr. Kuhnel added from his home in Memphis that Weiss, whose mother was German-born, had been covered by F. B. I. agents since he was discharged February 16 at the Quantico plant "because he dis played a pro-German attitude and exhibited too much curiosity there about the Air Corps.” A warrant for Weiss’ arrest was issued today by a United States Commissioner at Alevandria, Va., and a second made later by Comm is rock at Nashville. Mr. Kuhl, 1 said Weiss, who came to Nashville , <th his wife and small child, would remain in jail here without bond pending an arraignmnt next Monday. As a civilian worker at the Quan tico Marine Base, Mr. Kuhnel added. Weiss allegedly placed numerous faulty rivets in a plane that was under construction and failed to ; connect up certain vital parts on the plane. Mr. Kuhnel said a plane would crash at high speed under such construction. After arriving in Nashville. Mr. Kuhnel went on. Weiss was given employment at the Vultee Aircraft : plant, where dive bombers are now being turned out. This employment j was arranged by the F. B. I. with Vultee officials and Weiss was under constant supervision within the plant by designated workers and outside he was shadowed by F. B. I. agents, Mr. Kuhnel added. Describing Weiss as s "dangerous saboteur.” the F. B. I. agent said that Weiss probably would be re turned to Alexandria as soon as feas ible. Former D. C. Resident Held As Espionage Suspect Special Dispatch to The Star. TUCSON. Ariz.. March 7.— Charged with violation of a section of the Espionage Act for allegedly j (See SABOTAGE. Page A-4) Arlington Cadet Dies With 2 Others in Crash B7 the Associated Press. DECATUR, Ala.. March 7—Two Army Air Corps cadets and a civilian instructor at the Southern Aviation Training School, near here, were killed instantly today when two training planes collided in flight and crashed. The dead include Cadet Joseph H. Hopkins, Arlington, Va., Cadet Wil fred J. Mulligan. Brooklyn, and Seth R. Mapes. Tuscumbia, Ala., the latter an instructor. Wife of Officer at Bataan Works as Welder in Plane Plant By NELSON M. SHEPARD. Matching the courage at Bataan's defenders in a woman’s way, Mrs. Priscilla Bunker Maury, formerly of Washington, whose husband and father are officers under Gen. Douglas MacArthur, is working six days a week as a spot welder in a Los Angeles airplane factory to help [ maintain a home for her four young children. Cut off from communication with her husband since the start of fighting in the Philippines, Mrs. Maury’s case was cited yesterday by a War Department official as a typical example of the “indomitable spirit” of the wives and families of Gen. MacArthur’s men, many of whom are deprived now of ade quate means of support. Four days after the birth of their last baby on May 29, Capt. Thomp son Brooke Maury 3d was ordered from Fort Lewis, Wash., to the Philippines. He sailed immediately. The last direct word his wife had of his safety was a Christmas Day message. Now, after more months ! of fighting, he is one of Gen. Mac Arthur's staff officers for field ar tillery and has been promoted to major. The sudden departure of her hus band was just one of those things which a wife who was bom and reared in Army life learns to take (See MRS. MAURY, Page A-3.) Anacostia Park Tract Sought For Navy Yard Planning Baard Opposes Move to Take 70 Acres (Map on Page A-10.) The Navy Department is seek ing permanent jurisdiction over 70 acres of Anacostia Park below Eleventh Street Bridge, it was learned yesterday, for a proposed wartime expansion of Washing ton Navy Yard facilities. Its request for transfer of the tract is meeting opposition from Federal park official because, among other necessary uses, the Anacostia tract includes the valuable tree and plant nurseries of the United States Botanic Garden and the District. A counter proposal has been made by the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, it was an nounced, involving another area in the general vicinity which would meet the Navy Yard's requirements and would not interfere with es tablished activities'. Involved also in the 70-acre tract is the only recreation camp for colored troops in the Anacostia area and a space reserved for the Na tional Capital Park shops which have to be moved soon from their present location behind the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Nurseries Might Be Involved. Park and planning commission officials said yesterday the Dis trict government has laid out 25.000 trees in the Anacostia nurseries which are being grown' for replace ment on the city’s streets and parks. It was also said the United States Botanic Garden has invested about $200,000 in its nurseries in the area. The proposal by the Navy De partment, it was learned, does not at present plan any interference with these nurseries. Park officials objected, however, on the ground that there is nothing in the prof fered contract which would save them if the Navy desired to elimi nate them at some further time. David Lynn, architect of the Capitol, said he planned to call the matter to the attention of the Joint Congressional Committee on the Library early this week. That com mittee has jurisdiction over the Botanic Garden and the park offi cials hope that it will step in to save the nurseries, at least, from being transferred to the Navy Depart ment. The Park and Planning Commis sion said it was trying to interest the Navy, instead, in an equally large tract of unused pubic land south of the nurseries, supplemented by some low-cost private land This counter proposal was presented to the Navy Friday. . Several Buildings Planned. The proposed expansion of the Navy Yard would require consider able building on the park site. On the site of the colored troop camp, which would have to be moved to some other a.rea, it is planned to transfer all the recreation facilities now in the Navy Yard. That would include the erection of a large recrea tion building, two school buildings and also a large number of perma nent barracks. The schools would include one for musicians and a general training center. Park officials said acquisition of the alternative site probably would cost less than the cost of necessary flood control in this area and the deep foundations required for any large buildings. The proposed recreational area represents a partial duplication of facilities in Anacostia Park. On the same side of Anacostia Park is a 1 large recreation area for whites, and ; a golf course only partially de i veloped. In addition, it was said, the Navy Department already has taken over the Lincoln playground at Sixth and L streets S.E., directly north of the navy yard. The 70-acre tract emends from the Eleventh Street Bridge to the proposed site of the South Capitol Street Bridge planned to span the ("See PARK AREA, Page-A-4.) Turks Round Up Bulgarians In Von Papen Bombing By the Associated Press. ISTANBUL. March 6 (Delayed).— Istanbul police rounded up a num ber of Bulgarian subjects whom they described as “Bulgarian Com munists” today following an of ficial announcement that “foreign communistic elements” inspired the recent bomb explosion near German Ambassador Franz Von Papen in Ankara. The number of arrests made was not disclosed by police. German propagandists, who have attempted to capitalize on the at tack on Von Papen. said that "a number of former Yugoslavs” had been arrested in Istanbul following a search of the Soviet consulate building. The German radio said that “all in all, it seems that Turkish-Soviet relations have taken a course dur ing the last 48 hours which cannot yet be estimated in its repercus sions.” Last Thursday a German broad cast said a Turkish inquiry had de termined that Osmer Tokat, a fia tive of Yugoslavia, was the carrier of the bomb which exploded near the German %ambasaador. He was killed In the explosion.