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With Sunday Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. " WASHINGTON, D. C. MONDAY_ March 9, 1942 The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Ma n Office: 11th 8t. and Pennsylvania Ava. New York Office: 111) East 42nd Si Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Kegnlar Edition. Evening and Sunday 75c per mo. or 18c per week The Evening Star_45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star 10c per copy Night Final Edition. Wight Pin*] and Sunday 8tar . 85c per month Night Pinal Star 60c per month Rural Tube Delivery. The Evening and Sunday Star_85e per month The Evening Star_65c per month The Sunday Star 1 Oc per copy Collection* made at the end of each month or •aeh week Orders may be sent by mail or tele phone National 6000. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. ally and Sunday_1 yr„ 112.00; 1 mn„ J1 00 ily only _lyr.. $8 00; 1 mo., 75c Sunday only_lyr.. $6.00; 1 mo., 60o Entered aa second-class matter post office, Washington. D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Pres* la exclusively entitled to the use lor republication of all new* dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rlghta of publication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. To Meet a Real Need In time of war military needs take precedence over all others and If such needs are demonstrated to be genuine and without alternatives, conflicting civilian needs must suf fer. But the Navy Department plan to assume permanent jurisdiction over some seventy acres of park lands across the Anacostia River from the Navy Yard, revealed in yes terday’s Star, is particularly bad news. It means loss to the public of another large section of the park system in a part of the city where j the need for recreational areas is great because of extraordinary popu lation growth. And if the Navy De partment is to make permanent use of this land as an adjunct to the Navy Yard, it naturally changes the long time development scheme for the whole Anacostia Park system. The question will be settled, of course, after due study of alternate proposals and judicious weighing of the Navy's needs. But such consid eration at the outset should be based on the understanding that as recrea tional areas in the park system are withdrawn to other uses, they must be replaced. Washington, poorly equipped to begin with in public recreational facilities because of Inadequate de velopment In the past, is already faced with the loss of a large part of its available play spaces at a time when substantial increases are in order. Outdoor recreation for Wash ington’s office-bound population Is a real necessity. This summer, with so many forms of recreation to be eliminated by the tire shortage and with the city crowded as never before in its history, the problem of provid ing adequate recreational facilities Is a serious one. Military needs already have elimi nated 85 per cent of the city’s soft ball diamonds—and there were 700 Government softball teams in league play last summer—18 per cent of the baseball diamonds. 69 per cent of the tennis courts, 33 per cent of the soc cer and 43 per cent of the football fields, about half of the horseshoe courts and—if West Potomac Park is taken over, as threatened, in its en tirety—more than half the public golf courses will be lost. All of this area cannot be replaced Immediately. But there should be an immediate beginning, not only on a replacement program but on the 1 development of additional recrea tional areas to meet new demands. Because money for purchase of park land has exceeded the funds avail able for development and mainte nance in the past decade, there are many areas already owned but un- 1 developed. Where new communities have been created by influx of war workers, new areas must be acquired and developed. The pending District budget, framed before Pearl Harbor, con tains merely the nominal fund for recreation carried in last year’s bud get—as usual, wholely inadequate. Certainly the serious situation now existing suggests Budget Bureau in tervention to obtain additional ap propriations to carry out the program already prepared by Milo F. Chris tiansen, co-ordinator of recreation, j for emergency development of rec reational areas; a program based on the new needs in this respect created by the extensive withdrawals of land in the past few months and the growth of population. Welcome Help Civilian defense depends upon vol unteer participation of citizens, and that point has been emphasized above all others. But it remained for the Central Labor Union to demonstrate one helpful form of 1 volunteer participation that to date Is unduplicated by any other or ganization in the city. Without much publicity and an entire absence of ballyhoo, the Central Labor Union set out to solicit from its members about $70,000 to be donated for civilian defense in the Washington community. Almost twice that amount of money has been raised. President John Locher was reported In The Star yesterday to be ready to turn over to Commissioner Young* more than $130,000 in cash and pledges, the money to be used for purchase of material and other pur poses for which public funds are now unavailable. This is a tangible gift indeed, which leaves the community in debted to the volunteer contributors of the Central Labor Union and to their officials directing the cam paign. While there are public funds to finance some civilian defense activities, much necessary equipment would be lacking except for this , spontaneous and friendly gift from the union. But the specific uses to which the money will be put are of secondary importance compared with the spirit in which it is ten dered at a time when the willingness of all citizens to pull together in a common cause is as vital as bombing planes and ships of war. Conquest of Java The conquest of Java is a disaster equal to the fall of Singapore. Besides being the heart of Dutch colonial empire. It was the keystone In the arch of United. Nations defense stretching from India to Australia. Henceforth, the struggle against Japan must be waged from those widely separated abutments of the fallen arch, and communications be tween the two can be made only by round-about routes across the Indian Ocean. Indeed, even those commu nications may become increasingly insecure from Japanese raiders and submarines. Java fell with unexpected sudden ness. Unofficial reports had esti mated the defending Dutch Army at fully 100,000, reinforced by Aus tralian, British and even American contingents of ground troops, while the efficient Dutch Navy and air force were similarly supported by Anglo - American warships and planes. Java's excellent systems of roads and railways were expected to make possible quick concentration against invaders and consequent holding operations. While the Dutch themselves warned that Java could not hold out indefinitely unless vig orously supported, the impression was that the invasion would be a pro longed affair costing the Japanese tremendous losses. In short, Java was seen as a greater Bataan Penin sula which would blunt the edge of the Japanese sword. These hopes have been grievously disappointed. A glance at a topo graphical map of Java reveals one reason. Java is no Bataan wilder ness. It is a highly cultivated, densely populated Island, over 600 miles in length, though with an average width of less than 100 miles. Java’s backbone Is a range of vol canic mountains rising steeply from the depths of the Indian Ocean, which washes its southern coast. But the northern coast consists mostly of wide plains and broad valleys dipping gently Into the rela tively shallow Java Sea. The Japa nese attack came from that side, so they had many bays and beaches on which to land. Only powerful de fense forces could have successfully coped with such multiple assaults. We now know that the United Na tions reported strength was exag gerated. The ground forces prob ably did not exceed 50,000. The fleet sacrificed itself gallantly at the very start, battling the oncoming Japa nese armada in the Java Sea. while the air force was similarly decimated in those same engagements. Backed by naval and air superiority, the Japanese could establish their beach heads and fan out through the open country behind. Even when they reached the mountainous hinter land, it was so criss-crossed by good roads that the defenders could not hold strategic points against the concentrated Japanese attacks. That was why the well-fortifled Bandung plateau fell in such a surprisingly short time. Courage and discipline might slightly prolong but could not avert the inevitable. Thus, the grim tragedy of Malaya, of Burma and of Singapore was tragically repeated. Co-ordinated Dutch resistance in Java obviously is at an end. Sporadic fighting may go on for some time in a few isolated tracts of mountain country, where forest and jungle give adequate cover from airplanes. But the Japanese already have cut the island into segments and can mop up at their leisure with rela tively small forces. Furthermore, there is slight likelihood of guerrilla resistance by the inhabitants. Un like the Filipinos, the Javanese are a traditionally mild, unwarlike people, accustomed for centuries to the effi cient yet tolerant Dutch rule. The unpleasant fact might as well be faced that, in precisely one week, the Japanese have conquered Java and that the bulk of their forces engaged in that major task is now free for other offensives. Time will soon tell whether the next blows will be dealt at Australia or India. Ceylon News dispatches from Bombay suggest that steps are being taken to defend Ceylon against the Jap anese. The significance of such re ports is plain. A short three months after the opening of the Pacific phase of the Second World War, Britain's most important insular possession in the Indian Ocean is threatened. It lies in the natural path of the forces that have con quered the Malay Peninsula, Su matra and Java. If they are to move to the west, whether by land or sea, they are bound to come to the island of the Veddahs. A written chronicle of vast an tiquity, the Mahavansa so-called, tells of the landing of Vijaya, the first ruler of the entire island, in 504 B.C. Gautama Buddha himself is alleged to have instructed the in habitants of Ceylon, and there is evidence that Mahinda, a son of Asoka, really taught at Anurad hapura, the capital, in 307 B.C. A majority of the people are Buddhists, but not necessarily non-resistants, today. Many invasions from the mainland of India and at least one from China—in 1408—have created a temper capable of flamboyant demonstration In the spirit of the average native. The first Europeans to gain a foot hold In the Island were the Portu guese, who appeared In 1505 and promptly engaged in conflict with the seven Independent kings who then ruled Ceylon. Approximately a century later, the Dutch arrived, defeated the Portuguese In a series of battles and then subjected the Sinhalese community to a more or less beneficent tyranny—which was resented even when, admittedly, It did conduce to the general welfare. British occupation dates from 1795 and, especially since 1918, has been relatively constructive. Ceylon itself is a contradiction of a sort. Part of its 25,000 square miles is mountainous, part very low and swampy. Some portions are dry and arid, others yield luxuriant crops in return for little effort. Those who know the island best have remarked that it resembles in many of its physical aspects those other islands off the east coast of Asia from which the present danger comes. It would look like home to the Japanese. Small Business The report that the Senate Bank ing Committee is expected to take favorable action on legislation au thorizing Donald M. Nelson, chair man of the War Production Board, to appoint a special deputy to handle the problems of small manufacturers and bring them into the war produc tion program will be welcomed by that important section of America known as “small business.” There is no doubt that the small businessman in this country is faced with an imminent threat of perma nent ruin. It is estimated that there are 169,000 small manufacturing es tablishments in the country, some 45.000 of which could be utilized in war work. Before this country en tered the war, however, only about 10.000 of these plants had been touched by the military production program, approximately 78 per cent of the value of all contracts having been concentrated among fifty-six big corporations. The small businessmen, Including those qualified for war work, also have been squeezed by the delay in converting existing facilities to war production, which meant that large amounts of critical materials were used in constructing new facilities. The result is that the small plants now seeking war work are having difficulty in getting materials and those which cannot be fitted into the war program are finding it virtually Impossible to get supplies. This country can ill afford to permit these small business estab lishments to be driven to the wall if it is at all possible to prevent such a calamity. It is necessary, of course, to continue placing major emphasis on speedy production of war ma terials, for our primary purpose must be to get planes, guns, ships and tanks for the Army and Navy at the earliest possible date. But it is also quite possible that we have gone too far in placing orders for these sup plies with the large producers, while the facilities of the small producers, Important in the aggregate, remain unused. There Is mounting evidence of official concern in this respect, and progress Is being made toward over coming this failure to utilize our maximum production capacity. The pending legislation to authorize ap pointment of a deputy war produc tion chief for small business, and also providing for establishment of a 1100,000,000 Small War Plants Corporation to make capital loans and provide other assistance to plants seeking war contracts, is an important step In the direction of making greater use of these facilities. Because of the Importance of this matter irt the prosecution of the war, as well as in saving a place for the small businessman in our post-war economy, Congress should make every effort to expedite passage of the legislation. Ghost Writers The United States district attor ney's office at Oklahoma City has received a large number of begging letters from prisoners seeking parole —not an unusual phenomenon in itself, except for the fact that they’re all couched in identical language. The office is too skeptical to believe that even the boardinghouse reach of the long arm of coincidence is ample enough to account for the monotonous sameness of each tear Jerking sentence. The authorities incline strongly to the opinion that the prisoners have employed a ghost writer. Perhaps they have. Ghost writing is an ancient profession, the first member of it probably being that obscure lady Ann Onymous. These unidentified pinch hitters of the pen have always stood ready to swing it in behalf of prominent clients in the line-up who lack time or ability to make their own remarks. Why, then, should they not step to the plate for clients in the lock-up, who have no lack of time, many having been given twenty years or more of that precious commodity, but whose opportunity for expression is limited? Previews and illustrations of so called “Victory bathing suits,” not able for their scantiness and conse quent saving of material, are current. In fact, some smack more of sur render than of victory. Trapshooters will have trouble get ting ammunition to use on their clay pigeons. Explosives are needed now for Japshooters. One of the more obscure problems of the war is whether or not to teach Army dentists the old infantry drill regulations. Women Workers Help Solve Aircraft Problem Correspondent- Says Wives And Sisters of Plane Builders Have Joined Production Line By Harold Keen. SAN DIEGO. Calif., March S.-Hiring of women In numbers undreamed of six months ago may provide the solution harassed aircraft plant executives are seeking to the problem of a stabilized labor supply. This is dramtically being Illustrated here In the Nation’s "hottest” defense spot, where 1,500 newcomers are flocking every week for an Industrial pot of gold. Because mere employment in an air craft plant is not considered grounds for deferment by selective service officials, employment managers here already are heatitating to hire men under 28. Re cent draft registration of men In the 20-44 age group has made vulnerable to plucking by the armed forces al most the entire male payroll of such giant plants as Consolidated Aircraft Corp., where a majority of the tens of thousands of workers are youngsters with little more than a year’s experience. Unless the employer can prove, every six months, that the worker is indispen sable. he has to hunt a replacement. And this fear of a constant turnover, harm ful to production, is causing a reorien tation of attitude toward women workers. A few months ago, the hiring of women by Consolidated was looked upon here as an experiment of dubious value. To day it Is considered an ever-growing necessity, and 80 per cent of the pre employment training for positions in the aircraft industry here is being given to women. Large-scale use of women in assembly line operations has Us advocate in Tom Girdler, the hard-bitten Republic Steel Co. head, who has taken the reins at Consolidated for the duration. "A woman is less inclined to become bored with the monotonous routine of the assembly line," he comments. "And she’s usually more proficient in certain painstaking Jobs, such as electrical as semblies, where deftness of hands is re quired." Defense training educator* believe that any retooling of the aircraft Industry with mass production as its goal should take into consideration the inevitable employment of large numbers of women. "Tool designers must begin thinking of machinery in terms of the ability of women to operate them." declared Thomas A. Watson, supervisor of the University of California's tool engineer ing defense training program recently established in San Diego for the air craft Industry. "Payrolls in such defensa centers as San Diego, where the reservoir of man power has been virtually exhausted, can be enlarged today without importing labor from outside. Production can be Increased by hiring women already re siding in the community.” This is of particular significance to cities like San Diego, where the aircraft Industry estimates it will need at least 32,000 more workers by October to add to its present total of 51,000. Municipalities already overburdened with terrific problems of housing, water supply, sanitation and traffic caused by an influx of thousands of defense work ers depend on the employment of women residents for a partial solution. That was the motive behind Consoli dated's unique policy of restricting wom en applicants to wives or relatives of men already employed in the plant. The rule has been liberalized, but still operates to block a large hegira of women jobseekers from outside the city. The pre-war prejudice against both husband and wife holding full-time jobs has broken down completely in today’s stress. Families that a year or two ago were struggling to keep off the relief rolls are earning a combined husband wife income approaching $100 weekly in San Diego, where Consolidated workers compile some of the biggest overtime records in the Industry in work weeks ranging up to 83 hours. Before going all-out on employment for women. Southern California’s air craft manufacturers have insisted that the State law setting a 48-hour ceiling on the female work week be suspended for the war. Plant efficiency, they argue, ia im peded when work shifts of men and women are of different durations, though they perform the same tasks. Among the most remarkable aspects of the changing employment picture In the vital aircraft industry is that with out a struggle California women have established their right to pay rates equal to that of men. The work they are performing today in aircraft plants was at one time considered exclusive male property. Hitherto restricted to such typically feminine occupations as sew ing of fabric for wings, the fair sex now has gone into defense work with a vengeance. Today you’ll find women sheet metal workers, stock clerks, riv eters, welders and Inspectors. And soon the Nation will hear of draftswomen as well as draftsmen. Training of college women to take posi tions in engineering drafting rooms already has begun In Southern Cali fornia. North American Nawapapcr Alliance. One Warden Pane* Into History. To the Editor of The Star: My entire household worked diligently to provide us with a perfect blackout, lightproof and foolproof. And it was a honey! Across all the many window* of my house near Scott Circle were drawn heavy Chinese curtains, dragon covered and alive with doughty war riors—all to repel the Japanese; and black paint and draperies had turned my home into a darkness which might have shamed Erebus. So at 8 o'clock I stepped proudly out to regard my "black beauty" from bright ly lighted Scott Circle. Having read in The Star that “street and traffic lights will be on and smoking and lighting matches will be allowed on the streets,” I held a dying-cigarette in my hand. At that moment a warden appeared, and I. craving some approval, said politely: "How is the blackout go ing, warden?” To which he sternly re sponded: "Very well except for your cigarette! That could be seen for five miles!” I could only feebly reply, "So aorry; perhaps it may be mistaken for one of the Scott Circle lights.” But I was dis couraged and am awaiting further in struetkme. ULIA U. BARNETT. THIS AND THAT By Charles B. Tracewell. "TAKOMA PARK. "Dear Sir: "Bad little boys will alwaya be bad little boys, I suppose, but it is not often that they are run away by a starling. “Yet this is exactly what happened in our neighborhood the other day. “The starling was seated in a tree. "The boys were on the ground, and trespassing in exactly the wrong spot. “They were of this queer breed (of which Washington formerly had few) who refuse to mind their own business. "I knew it would be no use to say anything to them, and just as I was wondering what to do, the starling took a hand. “He let out a aquawk, one of his unusual notes, which rang high and clear over the neighborhood. “ Oee,’ cried one of the boys, ‘it must be the cops! Let's run.’ "And they did, Impelled by a guilty conscience, while the starling and I enjoyed the Joke together. "Sincerely yours, C. F. O." Starlings can make the moat unusual noises In the world. Now that spring is on the way. these big birds are tuning up to greet it. Like the English sparrows, they begin early. Spring is only a short distance off. Just around that famous comer we once heard so much of; the peony tipa are out of the ground already. Most of the birds know it, too. The cardinals are giving their real spring songs already. The woodpeckers make a most unusual noise as they float over the neighborhood. * * * * Sterlings are sure of it. They collect in small groups in ever greens, shrubs and tree*, and thera vie with one another at making new sounds. Unless the observer has watched for this, and knows what he is hearing, he will never suspect the music makers. Some persons, indeed, pretend to sneer loudly when the musical abilities of starlings are mentioned. But in this they simply arc showing their own ignorance. Government scien tists, who are paid to know such things, know very well the capabilities of the starlings. They will tell you that they are real musicians, genuine songbirds of the best quality. WhUe starlings have no set songs, such as the wood thrush, they are able to make many and varied whistles, combined with softer notes, the whole fusing into a fine offering. • * * • Choral singers like the English spar rows, they make good music by sticking together. First one bird whistles, then another, with a third dropping in one of the softer notes, somewhat resembling a kitten's purr. The combination is something to hear, especially on a bright spring day, when the first green is coming to shrubs, and the graas is taking on new life. Just a little later, all this will be well worth listening for. At present only samples of it will be heard now and then. * * * a Starlings have not been m abundant in this vicinity this winter as for the past few seasons. The open winter has been partly re sponsible. Then, too, the anti-starling campaigns in the West, where thousands of these birds are killed annually, must be taking its toll. It was noticeable during December and January that few starlings visited sub urban yards where bird-feeding activi ties were in operation. Milder weather had permitted the waddling black fellows to find their natural food more surely. Various grubs tnd insects were more easily uncovered. A good snowlall would no doubt bring them back. Their occasional visits there are by no means a detriment. They do not pester any of the smaller birds, and offer no threat to homes. It is interesting to watch a band of starlings fly into a neighborhood. If the observer la fortunate, ne win see the starling scouts fly In first. Usually they take a post in a tree some hundreds of feet from the yard selected. Tills is one reason why they are not always seen. Sometimes the scouts fly away, to be ! followed wittiin a short time by the main ! band. But In most cases the scouts 1 merely atay where they are and inside of two or three minutes the main body begins to arrive. It is believed that the scouts have some way of communicating with the others, but what this method is nobody knows. a * * * At any rate, here they come, from a dozen to two or three dozen fat fellows. Tou seldom see a slender starling. They are capable birds, well able to wrest a living from the land. If they ever go hungry, It does not often show. Starling pies have been advocated as a possible wartime diet. One may hope that it never will come to that, although no doubt they would make a rather tasty dish. The food they eat Is clean, and their flesh is firm. We wonder If the old verse about the four and twenty blackbirds baked into a pie really refers to the starlings. Letters to the Editor Letters to the Editor must bear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. The Star reserves the right to edit all letters with a view to condensation. Ur|M Sales Tax t* Pay Cost* af War Immediately. To tfao Bditor of The Stir: Our present dilemma in respect to financing our war effort confronts us with the necessity of reappraising all our previous concepts. To yield to expediency is but to visit an evil of inevitable de struction upon our children which will in effect rob them of their democratic her itage. On the other hand, for us cour ageously to pay the price now for our collective transgression will be to give them the birthright which our folly, our Indifference and our willingness to com promise has placed In grievous jeopardy. Defense bonds are not the answer, be cause they are a promise to repay with interest. Direct taxes am the answer because once assessed the only repay ment is the security which comes with the effectiveness and efficiency at pres ent sacrifices. Hie income talc equitably reaches all whose economic security jus tifies the larger burden and levies its tribute according to ability and capacity to pay. This writer now pleads for a general sales tax equitably levied upon all com modities at the time of purchase with due regard for their status as a luxury or an admitted necessity. The usual arguments that such a tax would be a tyranny to the poor no longer obtain in the present emergency. If the poor and lowliest yield their most precious pos sessions in the form of their sons on the altar of all-out patriotism, why should they be denied the right to pay the widow's mite of a direct contribution on the little they have? THOMAS E. MATTINGLY, M. D. .__ Defends Government Homing Project* Against Critic In Congress. To th< Editor at Tkt Star: May I reply to tho views of Repre sentative Tarver on the Green belt, Greendale and Qreenlawn housing proj ects financed by the Federal Govern ment? It seems to me that there is little justification, if any, for attacking these projects which are manifestations of the forward progress of America. The few millions being spent on these practical and sound developments to provide beautiful and healthful homes for fami lies at a sensible cost to them is only a small part of what should be spent. It is a healthy sign for a democracy when it has the foresight and knowledge of human values to bestow upon its peoples the opportunity to live in communities such as these projects provide. America is big and strong and she will grow ever stronger if she continues doing constructive work of this nature. Let us spend our time not in trying to tear down institutions of tremendous worth, but in stopping waste elsewhere. H. W. B. Disapproves Bombing ef France At Risk ef Making New Enemies. To tho Editor of Tbt Star: The Vichy government’s behavior can not condone, in my opinion, the recent bombing of the Paris suburbs. Have not the United Nations enough enemies to deal with, without making new Mies? The suffering, half-starved people of Prance, whose morale Is at its lowest abb, cannot be sapoeted to stand fins under new blows delivered by erstwhile friends. Iuni native of England, but I have lived In France, and know the tempera ment of the French people. Now I am an American citisen and have learned to know the good points and fallings of each nation. The attitude ‘‘this hurts me more than it hurts you,” as demonstrated by the unfortunate bombing of French civilians, will not help the cause of the United Nations. It is only giving aid and comfort to the enemy. The French people are terrorised, help less victims of the Nazis. Their leaders told them "down the river.” Impressive victories by the United Na tions gradually will give them the cour age and strength to turn on their Nad masters. More power to the Comman dos and the R. A. F„ but be careful that the soul of France turn not against ua. CLEAR THINKER. Wants I'm ef “Victory” In Discussion of War Objectives. To tho Bdnor of Tht Star: We, the common people, protest the continued and constant use of the word “defense.” Isn’t it about time that some one should step forward to say that we are sick and tired of being pushed around with the word “defense" constantly ringing in our ears? Isn’t it about time to change that word to “offense"? Let's stop the use of “all-out for de fense” and have the more inspiring and thrilling slogan of "all-out for victory”! After all, isn’t it victory that we are aiming at? If it is only defense, then something is wrong. VIRGINIA B. WILHELM. C eminent* en Cease Of Munition* Failure. Ts tht Bditor of Tbs Stir: The statement that a Senate com mittee may act "soon” on labor bills to spur defense output, after three months of declared war, is an amazing and appalling revelation. Apparently this group and the Education and Labor Committee must be entirely ignorant of the cause of the fact that neither sufficient munitions nor planes have gone to our soldiers nor has the President's promise to the British been fulfilled. Strikes have been responsible for our failure to provide the essentials in war fare. AN AMERICAN. Favors Local Girls For War Employment. To tho Uitor of The Bttr: Hie papers lately have been full of stories about the shortage of houses for the war workers. Why not give our girls here in Wash ington more of these jobs? Our girls here have homes and are not responsible for any housing problem or congestion. Cut out the politics and give our girls s chance. Then the Government will not have to spend millions for barracks to house the political friends of Congressmen, who are getting Jobs here where they are not needed, and where we lack desk room for the ones we already have. ROBERT1 L WARDEN. Expresses Thanks For Complimentary Article. Te the HI tor of Tkt Bur I wish to thank you and Bainbridge Crist for the very fine article that ap peared in the issue of The Star February 15 concerning me. The article was very well written and I received many com plimentary remarks from friends and agpeeiates ss a result thereof. T. PAUL MUDD. Haskin's Answers To Questions By Frederic J. Baskin. A reader can get the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. To wh«t extent have the people of this country taken up skiing?—L. L. O. A. The National Bki Association esti mates the number of persons partici pating in skiing to be about 3,000,000. Q. When was the Pacific Ocean first explored?—M. V. G. A. The Pacific Ocean was first scien tifically explored by the English deep sea expedition of H. M. S. Challenger from 1872 to 1876. Q. Is it true that birds eat more than their weight in food in a day?—L. McN. A. Birds consume large quantities of food in proportion to their size. A robin once was fed all the earthworms it would eat. It was found at the end of the experiment that it had consumed some 14 feet of worms in one day. Q. Who is taking the part of Lou Gehrig in the movie based upon his life? —V. N. A. Gary Cooper portrays Lou Gehrig on the screen. Q. Is the number of horses on farms still declining?—A. N. A. On January 1, 1942, the number at horses, including eolts, on farms was 9,858,000 head, a decrease of about 4 per cent from the year before. Q Who was the general who won a great battle while an order for his re moval was on the way?—T. O. A. Gen. George Henry Thomas, Union general in the Civil War. Orders were issued relieving him of his command, but before they could be executed he at tacked Hood's army and gained one of the most brilliant victories of the war. Permanent Garden Flower*— This 24-page, illustrated booklet tells how and when to start thess permanent plants of the flower garden, what varieties to select and how to raise them with maxi mum success. Scores of varieties described and facts about each. To secure your copy of this pub lication inclose 10 cents in coin, wrapped In this clipping, and mail to The Star Information Bureau. Nam* Address Q What is meant by dying Intestate? —M. G. C. A. It means to dis without having made a valid will. Q Does the handling of a toad really cause warts?—C. C. A. It does not. This Is merely an old superstition that has no foundation In fact. Q. How many peace treatiea have been signed at Versailles?—A. D. A. Three have been signed at Ver sailles: The preliminary treaty whereby Great Britain recognised the independ ence of the United States, the treaty concluding the Franco-Prussian War, 1871, and the treaty which ended tha First World War In 1919. Q. What Is the death rate today and what was It In 1900?—B. F. H. A. Since the beginning of this century the death rate has decreased from mora than 15 per 1,000 to less than 11 per 1,000. Q. How can I preserve eggs tn water glass?—T. W. A. Hie Department of Agriculture •ays that a 5-gallon earthen crock holds about 14 dozen eggs when they are cov ered with water glass solution. This is made by mixing 1 quart of sodium sili cate. or water glass, with 1 quarts of boiled, cool water. Hie crock with the solution Is set in a cool place where it will not have to be moved. Sound new laid eggs put down carefully, a few at a time, as they are available, should re tain their quality reasonably well for • to 10 months. Q. What does tha status. “Ohrigt ef the Andes," in South America com memorate?—C. M. T. A. It commemorates the peaceful set tlement of the boundary dispute be tween Chile and Argentina. This huge statue stands on the Argentine-Chile border. In the Andes Mountain*. Q. How many hours in the air is re quired in learning to fly?—M. S. O. A. Hie number of hours required in the air to learn to fly varies with the type of plane used. Hie minimum number required by the Civil Aero nautics Administration .to obtain a pri vate pilot's license for light airplanes Is 32 hours. Q. Is there a preparation that a basket ball player can put on the soles of his shoes to prevent slipping?— M. M. W. A. It has been common practice , to use castor oil, gasoline and kerosense oil on the soles of basket ball shoes to hold to a slippery or highly polished wax floor. These substances, however, affect tha wearing qualities of the shoes. Spring Plowman He rises while the crescent moon still glows /« darkened sky. He does the morn ing chores; Feeding his horses extra measurefuls Of oats, because the hours ahead will see The first turned furrow of the early spring. His eagerness to be afield betrays Itself within his eyes. He milks the cows Unhurriedly, and moving with his slow Methodic stride, he harnesses the team Before he goes to breakfast. He has been Waiting impatiently the winter through For this bright morning. WhistHng off key. He takes the handles of the plow in hand, And sets about the labor of the land. BILLY B. COOPER.