U. S. and Britain Form
Joint Commission on
Social and Economic
Co-operation Is Aim
Of New Group
By th» Associated Press.
Creation of an Anglo-American
Caribbean Commission, which will
seek to encourage and strengthen
social and economic co-operation
between American and British out
posts in the Caribbean was an
nounced today in a Joint com
munique of the British and Ameri
The commission, which will make
studies pertaining to economic and
social problems, will have authority
only to formulate recommendations
for submission to the respective
There will be three American and
three British members, with Charles
W Taussig, president of the Ameri
can Molasses Co. of New York, as
one co-chairman and Sir Frank
Stockdale as the other.
Tugwell on Commission.
President Roosevelt also placed on
the commission Rexford G. Tugwell,
Governor of Puerto Rico, and Coert
Du Bois. chief of the State Depart
ment’s Caribbean office.
Mr. Roosevelt also created a Carri
bean Advisory Committee which is
to make studies “inteded to improve
the standards of living’’ in the
Mr. Taussig will also serve as
chairman of the committee and
named to it, along with Mr. Tugwell,
Martin Travoesi. justice of the
Puerto Rican Supreme Court ; Judge
William H. Hastie, civilian aide to
the Secretary of War. and Carl
Robins of California, former pres
ident of the Commodity Credit Corp. I
Leases Stand Unchanged.
In a statement attached to the
joint communique, the President j
took occasiory to say that reports
had been brought to his attention
that the Government of the United
States was considering asking Brit
ain for "an indefinite prolongation
of the 99-vear lease for the bases’’!
in the Caribbean area. These re
ports were branded "entirely un
The President asserted that the
United States had "no intention of;
requesting any modification of the
agreements already reached; that
the acquisition of the bases granted
to the United States would be for
the term of 99 years as fixed in
those agreements, and that the
United States does not seek sov
ereignty over the islands nr colonies
on which the bases are located.”
• Continued From First PageJ
followed him have said, "knows his
Capture of Rangoon
Claimed by Tokio
TOKIO i From Japanese Broad
casts'*, March 9 dP*.—Imperial head
quarters announced today the fall
of Rangoon, capital of Burma, to the
Japanese. _ j
A communique said Japanese i
army forces completed occupation ,
of the important port at 10 a.m. yes
terday after destroying the main de
fense forces in the neighborhood of
The announcement also said that I
Pegu. 40 miles north of Rangoon, |
was captured Saturday afternoon.
Main Objective Attained.
“With the fall of Rangoon.” im- '
perial headquarters said, “the main 1
objective of Japanese operations on
the Burma front had been attaind.” i
• Rangoon was the port of en
try for war material and other
supplies transported through
Burma and into China over the
Burma road for the forces of
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.*
Imperial headquarters disclosed
that Lt. Gen. Shojiro Iida is com
mander in chief of Japanese forces !
in the Burma area.
He is a former commander of the
imperial guard divisions, it said,
was director of the War Ministry's
military affairs division in 1937 and
of the Soldiers’ Affairs Bureau the
A Domei dispatch from the Burma
front, dated today, gave details of
‘‘The general attack on Rangoon
began Saturday night at 9 o'clock,”
the news agency reported. “The
right wing of the Japanese Army
surprised an enemy encampment in
the neighborhod of Mingaladon and
made a rapid advance which re
sulted in encirclement of the city.
' The left wing of Japanese forces,
meanwhile, attacked from the rear
an enemy camp at Mingaladon and
rapidly reached the western shores
of Lake Victoria, where they made
a surprise attack on the barracks
and airdrome at Mingaladon,
"Finally at dawn on Sunday they
pntered the city of Rangoon and
hoisted the flag of the rising sun on
the Rangoon railway station.”
Capture of Airdromes Reported.
Besides raising the flag over other
buildings in the center of Rangoon,
a Domei dispatch said, the Japanese
occupied four airdromes in and
around the capital, including one
known as a "secret” airfield because
it had been so constructed as to pre
vent observation from the air.
The capture of Pegu. Domei said,
was accomplished by forces which,
avoiding a frontal assault against
British tanks before that junction,
made a circuitous march around a
mountainous sector to the north and
launched a surprise attack from the
hills northwest of the town.
The defense of about 4.000 Aus
tralian and Indian troops supported
by tanks quickly collapsed under a
terrific pounding, Domei said, after
the Japanese had thus cut com
munications with Mandalay by
seizing a part, of the Rangoon rail
way at Payagyi, 10 miles north of
A British force of about 500 troops,
supported by 30 tanks and some
trench mortars, was attacked in the
rear at the latter place and forced
to flee. In this action, Domei said,
three tanks were set afire and four
Japanese Forces Astride
Rail Section of Burma Road
RANGOON, Burma. March 9 (A5).
—Reinforced Japanese finally have
driven across the dry rice fields of
lower Burma and placed themselves
■stride the rail section of the Burma
load, abandoned many days ago as
ADDRESS COUNTY OFFICIALS—Principal speakers at this morning’s session of the National As
sociation of County Officials, meeting at the Washington Hotel, were < left to right) Maury Mav
erick, chief of the War Productions Board’s Bureau of Requirements; Price Administrator Leon
Henderson and William C. Smith, president of the association. —Star Staff Photo.
a supply line to China, the British
Despite the activities of British
tank units, which made their first
appearance in the Burma fighting
a few days ago. the Japanese reached
Payagyi, 10 miles north of Pegu, and
established a road block at Pyinbon,
18 miles north of Pegu, said a com
munique issued here.
The communique indicated, how
ever, that the Japanese were intent
on driving westward instead of
southward on this capital and chief
British Tank Units Battle
To Stave Off Pincer Move
WITH THE BRITISH FORCES
IN BURMA. March 8 (Delavedt lAb.
—British tank units battled sav
agely today to stave off a Japanese
pincer movement directed at cutting
off the defenders of Rangoon from
the British Army in Central Burma.
The grim struggle for Rangoon's
back door—the flat dry rice lands
extending 50-odd miles from Pegu
to the city limits—entered its eighth
dav with British tanks and Infantry
still reported holding the Japanese
British sweeps wnce hurled the
numerically superior enemy back to
the Sittang River.
The Japanese are known to have
appealed to discontented native ele
ments, jobless minor politicians and
petty criminals in an attempt to
form a fifth column and stir up con
tinual trouble behind the British
(Continued From First Page >
that the Fuehrer had with him
Cel Gen. Franz Haider, chief of
the German general staff, and
Gen. Alfred Jodi, artillery expert
and one of Hitler's most intimate
(London Sunday Express' story
from Stockholm said Hitler would
have 250 divisions totaling nearly
5.000. 000 men for the spring of
fensive, but that the Russians
had 500 divisions, amounting to
10.000. 000 men. “waiting to be at
tacked and then themselves to
The Russian communique last
night said Red Army ski forces en
veloping the 16th German Army at
Staraya Russa, on the front south
of Leningrad, had captured two
more villages while nine other places
were liberated on the Kalinin front.
The front appeared today to shape
up as follows:
From Leningrad southward to the
Novgorod area and to Lake Ilmen,
thence around Staraya Russa south
almost to Velikie Luki. Then the
Red line takes a big eastward swing
back to Rzhev, then assumes the
form of a finger extending to Sy
chevka between Rzhev and Vyazma.
Below Vyazma it approaches Smo
lensk, then curves southward to the
east of Orel, Kursk and Kharkov.
Here it takes a swoop toward Dnie
peropetrovsk, then swings back east
ward and reaches the sea of Azov
east of Taganrog.
Local Successes Claimed
By Nazi High Command
BERLIN (From German Broad
casts), March 9 UP).-—The German
high command reported today that
Nazi troops had scored local suc
cesses in some sectors of the eastern
front, but acknowledged they were
fighting “heavy defensive battles”
iin the south.
Russian offensive operations, how
ever. apparently were not confined
to the south, for the daily war bul
letin went on to say:
“Also on other sections of the
front the enemy continued his un
During the past week, the Ger
mans said, the Russians have lost
The German air force, meanwhile,
was reported stabbing at Russian
communications and war industries
behind the lines.
“Superheavy” bombs were dropped
on an aircraft factory at Rybinsk,
175 miles northeast of Moscow, and
36 transport trains were badly dam
aged by air attacks in the Valdai
region between Moscow and Lenin
grad, the communique said.
iContinued From First Page.)
adequacies, but also by the limited
production experience of the supply
branches of the armed services and
particularly by their limited con
ception of conversion.
"The absence of any considerable
changes in the personnel of the in
dependent procurement agencies as
well as in the division heads of the
War Production Board Indicates not
only that the faulty procedures for
merly employed may be continued,
but that these procedures will be
limited by a personnel which has no
adequate conception of the produc
tion necessities of total war.”
The committee noted a tendency
to permit the major corporations
to determine the extent to which
they could subcontract and to choose
subcontractors with which they were
affiliated financially. It argued that
policy worked against bringing small
business into the defense production
program and retarded production.
LT. GEN. MASAHARU HOMMA
(Continued From First Page )
en route to the Bataan front. The
regiment, about 2,500 strong, was
moving up in a caravan of 90
trucks when the American batteries
opened up. Gen. MacArthur said
29 of the enemy trucks and most of j
their occupants were destroyed, in
dicating casualties of 700 or more, j
Vsed Infiltering Tactics.
Gen. Yamashita received the sur
render of Singapore at the conclu
sion of the rapid Japanese drive i
down the length of the long Ma
layan Peninsula. His troops suc
ceeded against the British with
flanking, inflltering tactics such as
have failed completely against Gen.
MacArthur, who is credited by mili
tary men with holding a strong
Gen. Yamashita was the leader
of the Japanese mission to Berlin
which studied Nazi offensive meth
ods last year. He was made a
member of the Supreme Military
Council on his return to Tokio and
was reported to have spread the
results of his European observa- ]
tions throughout the Japanese
Army. He was given command of
the Japanese forces in China and
then was shifted to leadership of
the Malayan campaign.
Gen Yamashita is regarded as an
outstanding and potential candidate
for future Minister of War because
of his service as chief of the Military
Affairs Section of the War Depart
ment and his former comand of the
3d Infantry Regiment to which
Prince Chichibu, the Emperor's
brother, was once attached.
Gen. Homma, commander of the
Japanese 14th Army and command
er in chief of all enemy forces in
the occupied Philippines, was
known as a fully Europeanized Jap
anese who learned to speak English
fluently during long service in Lon
don and India.
Born 54 years ago, he w’as an ob
server with the British forces in
France during the World War,
was a Japanese resident officer in
; India in 1925, served as millitarv
attache in London in 1930 and
again was in London in 1937 for
the coronation of King George as
a member of the suite of Prince
Chichibu, the Emperor’s brother.
The British decorated him with
] the Military Cross of the British
Gen. Homma, a bulky figure of
| characteristic Japanese Army bear
ing, became notorious with Ameri
cans and British in 1939 when he
commanded the Japanese at Tient
sin, China, when the foreign con
cessions there were under blockade.
In 1940 the army sent him to
Formosa to command the 14th
Army, which, it has developed, was
; even then being put into shape for
i the Philippine invasion.
Jap Planes Raid Airdrome
In Bataan, Germans Say
BERLIN (From German Broad
casts), March 9 (IP).—German dis
patches from Shanghai said a United
States airdrome at Limay on Bataan
Peninsula was attacked by three
waves of Japanese bombers yester
; day and that two Curtiss planes
j and 40 other pursuit planes were
I destroyed on the ground.
A number of direct hits were scored
on hangars at the airfield, the dis
j patches declared.
The German report is the only
one that ever has mentioned an
airdrome with hangars on Bataan
(Continued From First Page.)_
setting up an Indies "military ad
This, the agency said, replaced
Dutch civil rule, made Dutch cur
rency and Japanese military notes
legal tender, and pledged security
for inhabitants who comply with
occupation rule and severe penalties
for those who do not.
The only official claim from im
perial headquarters was that South
ern Sumatra had "fallen under com
plete Japanese domination,” with
the occupation of Djambi, about
140 miles northwest of Palembang,
and seizure of all oil fields in the
U. S.-British Aid to Java
By the Associated Press.
SYDNEY. Australia, March 9 —
Great Britain and the United States
failed to send sufficient help to be
leaguered Dutch troops in Java, and
"defensive plans failed disastrously,”
the Sydney Morning Herald said
"The Dutch loyally carried out
their part of such plans as existed
for the common defense of the A. B.
D. A. area (American, British, Dutch
and Australian), but did not receive
the help they deserved and they
were promised.” the paper said.
"Aid sent was insufficient to affect
the ultimate issue. The United
States and Britain were unable to
make up their minds that a real—
not token—effort should be made to
"Once again United Nations strat
'egv is having to be recast. • • •
Surely it is time to try to wrest the
initiative from Japan.”
98,000 Troops Surrendered
Jn Java, Japs Claim
TOKIO (From Japanese Broad
casts), March 9 <fP>.—Imperial head
quarters claimed today that 93,000 j
Dtftch troops and 5,000 British and |
Americans had surrendered uncon-:
ditionally to Japanese armies "in
the vicinity of Soerabaja and Ban
The announcement, made at 10:20
p.m. (Tokio time: 9:20 E. W. T.i,
said the Allied forces surrendered
at 3 pjn.
The troops said to have surren
dered were described by the imperial
headquarters as the “main enemy
forces” in the centers of resistance
near the big Eastern Java naval
base at Soerabaja and the moun
tain-ringed military headquarters at
Surrender Terms Discussed.
Domei reported that the cessation
of hostilities was ordered by Gov.
General A. W. L. Tjarda van Etark
enborgh Stachouwer over the Kalit
jadi radio station.
The news agency said terms of the
surrender were discussed by the gov
ernor general yesterday at a meet
ing with Lt. Gen. Hitoshi Imamura.
(Gen. Imamura. thus disclosed
as the Japanese commander in
Java, is listed in Who's Who in
Japan for 1938 as director of the
personnel bureau of the army.
Fifty-six years old. he served as
attache at the embassy in Man
chukuo and as secretary of the
infantry school. He was promoted
to lieutenant general in March,
At that time. Domei said, the
governor general agreed only to sur
render the Dutch forces In the Ban
. doeng sector.
Advance Reported Earlier.
Earlier Domei had said dispatches
from Java “continue to indicate
smashing Japanese advances on all
fronts with virtually no resistance
from the enemy.”
The newspaper Nichi Nichi. mean
while, reported that Japanese forces
were closing in on Bandoeng from
three directions and asserted the
defenders were “withering” under
intense Japanese fire.
The Rome radio quoted a Tokio
report as saying that the Bandoeng
airport was occupied yesterday by
Japanese forces which later pene
trated into the city itself.
These Japanese admissions of con
tinued fighting on Java conflicted
with unconfirmed Axis broadcasts
yesterday that the Dutch had sued
for a cessation of hostilities.
Japanese headquarters asserted
that Japanese naval forces in the
battle of Java from March 1 to 8
sank or destroyed 52 Allied ships
totaling 210,000 tons.
Don’t be ashamed to carry home
a box that Isn't wrapped in precious
paper. Be ashamed to waste.
Sometimes this prompt and pleas
ant precaution helps old Mother
Nature to keep germs associated
with colds under control so that
they do not get the upper hand and
give you a long aiege of trouble.
Tests showed that Listerine Anti
septic reduced germs on mouth
and throat surfaces as much as ,
96.7% fifteen minutes after the
gargle, and up to 80% even one
hour afterward. So, at the first sign
of trouble—gargle full strength
Henderson Declares (
Inflation Would Be
Greatest U. S. Enemy
0. P. A. Administrator
Of County Officials
America must understand “that!
we have only a limited amount of
goods and inflation would be our
greatest enemy,” Price Administrator
Leon Henderson told the National;
Association ' of County Officials 1
Mr. Henderson said America need
have no fear as to the Nation's pro
ductive capacity or the fighting spirit1
of its armed forces. The Nation’s
greatest immediate problem, he said,
is to get the average American to
understand that inflation can be
prevented only by holding down
prices. Higher wages and higher'
farm prices, he said, would speed
the inflationary trends.
Mr. Henderson se-id there will be
$9,000,000,000 more purchasing power
this year than last year, with *6,
000,000,000 less purchaseable goods
obtainable. The proposed new taxes,
he said, do not cut deeply enough
into the total national income to
prevent inflationary trends.
Investments Held Ideal.
Mr. Henderson said this is an
ideal time for citizens to invest in
Government securities, pay off per
sonal debts, buy property and clean
up mortgages as one means of pre
"Nothing would help the Axis
powers more than to see the Ameri
can economic system rendered help
less because it had been struck by
inflation,” the O. P. A. administra
Mr. Henderson, pleading lor sup
port and understanding throughout
the Nation, said the people gen
erally will understand and accept
things from their neighbors, but
would not accept from the "great
white father in Washington," add
ing that he agreed with that
philosophy. He said it would be
necessary within the next two
months to ration many goods not
now being rationed.
The speaker said it is refreshing
to see "how fast local rationing
boards move when compared with
the slowness of Industry in agreeing
on price schedules."
Don’t Want Functions Usurped.
William A. Smith, association
president, said county governments
throughout America do not want to
have their functions usurped by the
Federal Government during the war.
adding that all political subdivisions
would be glad to co-operate with
Washington officials during the war
to the limit of their abilities
America's war efforts and the role
to be played by county officials
is the theme of the two-day meet
ing of the association.
Asserting it is absolutely essen
tial to save critical materials, as
sist civilian defense, and under
stand the total war effort, Maury
Maverick, chief of the W. P. B.
Bureau of Governmental Require
ments. called for an all-out co
j operative effort in his Introductory
I remarks at the opening session.
”1 don’t want to be a butler for
any Jap, or hold the horse for any
Nazi officer." Mr. Maverick said
Vice President Henry A Wallace
is scheduled to speak at 5 p.m. The
program tomorrow includes an ad
dress by O. C. D. Director James M.
Critical London Press
Pleads for Offensive
B» .if A»*oci»ted Press.
LONDON, March 9—The London
press, whose editorials already
have pointed to Malaya and Java
as signposts on the road to defeat,
further sharpened its criticism to
day in an effort to whip the gov
ernment into offensive action.
> ‘ Only an Allied counterattack on
a gigantic scale can stem the Japa
nese now." the Daily Sketch said.
“In the short space of three months
they have established a supremacy
which nothing but a superhuman
effort will displace."
The Daily Mirror wrote: “Through
out the Allied nations the cry goes
up for younger men, for vigorous
men, for audacious men. • * •
Let us heartily welcome this cru
“We can afford nothing less than
an all-out effort against our ene
mies now,” the Daily Herald de
clared. "We call upon our recon
structed. rejuvenated government to
sweep away the last obstacles; to
declare total war."
"More of defensive" can only lead
to "more of disaster,” Lord Beaver
brook’s Daily Express predicted. "If
the spirit of Britain were aroused
to the attack as it should be by
now, we should be attacking not
only the enemy, but the fetters that
hold us back inside this country."
Don’t spend your money building
an air-raid shelter. Buy Defense
Bonds and Stamps and keep the
See Pare B-13
18 of 20 Japs Were Shot Down in Big Battle
West of Gilberts, Eyewitness Relates
(The following is an eyewit
ness account of the recent
thunderous engagement between
United States naval and air arms
and Japanese bombers in the
"hornet’s nest" of Japanese man
date islands. The battle came
several weeks after the United
States Fleet’s successful raid on
the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.
It was after that raid that Tokio
sarcastically invitea a task force
to return to the "hornet’s nest"
in the mandates.)
By TOM YARBROUGH,
Auocialed Preu War Correspondent.
WITH THE UNITED STATES
FLEET IN THE PACIFIC, Feb. 20
iDelayed).—The flame and smoke
and thonder of bombs and guns
have died away now and the score
It is a magnificent victory for
Uncle Sam. Twenty Japanese heavy
bombers came out to get us, and
all but two were shot into the sea.
We lost two planes but rescued one
pilot. Not a single surface vessel
Two of the 18 were four-motored
Japanese scout planes which were
shot down by our air patrols be
fore the battle.
<The United States Navy com
munique of March 3 telling of the
battle did not mention these
The outstanding flyers were Lt.
Edward Henry "Butch” O'Hare, 28
year-old Missourian, who was
credited with assisting in the de
struction of at least six enemy
planes, and his squadron leader, a
36-year-old native of Arkansas.
The commander of this task force
reported that the entire squadron
"attacked the enemy with determi
nation and skill and deadly effect."
Carrier Was Prize Target.
This spectacular battle of planes
against plane-protected ships was
our first brush with the Japanese
in these waters—at their own front
door about 3.000 miles from Pearl
Harbor. It bore out the recent
statement of Admiral Chester W.
Nimitz, commander in chief of the
Pacific fleet, that we would carry
the fight to the enemy across this
[ trackless battlefield of 70.000,000
j square miles.
The engagement occurred west of
the Gilbert Islands. Our compact
force of warships was in geometrical
i formation around an aircraft carrier
and wa| out here protecting thP
Allied life-line. The carrier, of
course, was the prize target, but the
Japanese didn’t touch her. The
Two 'Chloroform' Bandits :
Rob Man Forced Info Auto
Kimmon Kapetan. 3220 Georgia
avenue, a resturant employe, re
ported to police that two colored
bandits forced him into their au
tomobile at gunpoint today and
robbed him of $15 after dazing him
by placing a "damp cloth" over his
When he regained his senses, he
was lying between two parked cars
at Twenty-fourth and N streets
N. W., police said. They suspected
he had been choloformed. He had
been forced into the car at Fifteenth
and H streets N.W.
Shortly before midnight, Duane
O. Croffutt, a cab driver, of 630 I
street N.W.. was hailed by a white
man and woman at Seventh and F
streets N.W., according to police.
An object he believed to be a gun
was thrust against his head when
he arrived at the passengers’ des
tination. Seventh and G streets S E.
The man passenger knocked the
rear-view mirror out of alignment,
snatched off the taxi driver's glasses
and demanded cash. He was given
$7, and the couple fled.
_(Continued From First Page.)
words to the city marshal: "You
are a-damned racketeer’’ and
"A damned fascist and the whole
government of Rochester are fascists
or agents of fascist*.”
Chaplinskv said he was engaged
in distributing literature of his j
organization when "a mob formed'
and threatened him with violence
unless he discontinued. He added
that he refused to discontinue, as
well as to salute the American flag.
: and was assaulted and beaten in the
presence of officers, who subsequent
ly arrested him.
State officials said they had a
right to enact legislation "against
conduct likely to cause a public
breach of the peace.”
Chaplinskv was sentenced to six
months' imprisonment. The con
viction was upheld by the New
Hampshire Supreme Court.
You ran stretch paper. Call a
collector and he'll stretch your dis
; carded paper into a thousand uses
j for the Government.
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if FIELD GLASSES
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MWNMOtttS SAtfSC©' " ' *
913 D St. H.W. MEL 9339
bombs all fell wide of their mark
and their vaunted torpedo bombers—
so successful at Pearl Hfcrbor—didn't
even appear. With ships on the '
move It’s a different story.
From the highest point on the
destroyer beside the aircraft carrier,
I watched the battle from beginning
The carrier and her brood had
been patrolling the broad reaches of
the blue Pacific, but this was her
baptism of fire. She came through
majestically, launching more planes
In the midst of the attack and blaz
ing away with her own guns In
chorus with the screen of cruisers
and destroyers around her.
Jap Tried to Crash on Deck.
There was one breath-taking
moment—when a Japanese pilot
tried to crash his flaming bomber
on the stern of the carrier's big flat
deck. As the staggering raider glided
in crackling with flames started by
an attack by our own fighters, the
carrier held her fire until the right
instant. Then her guns lashed out,
with a sheet of flame and steel.
The bomber fluttered like a
stricken bird, turned on its side
and shuddered into the sea.
It would be hard to Imagine a
more fascinating sight.
Two Scouts Shot Down.
That was this afternoon. The 1
prelude to the battle sounded this
morning when our patrol planes
shot down two big four-motored
Japanese scouts—the only ones they
could And. .
A total of 18 bombers came at us
in two waves about 4:30 p.m. and 7
p.m. Seven got through to the
ships the first time and eight the
Anti-aircraft gunners were cred
ited with shooting down four and
the aerial fighters got 12, possibly
13. Our destroyer laid proud claim
to one of the four brought down by
the ships’ guns.
From the moment we heard our
scouts had met and destroyed an
enemy patrol plane we were doubly
alert for an attack. He might have
had time to flash word back to his
land base. When the second Jap
anese patrol went down, that alert
ness grew even more sharp All
afternoon we kept telling each oth
er. “the hour is approaching.”
I decided to risk time out for a
shave and was just getting ready
Then the alarm sounded.
“This is it.” said my cabin mate,
slipping his bare feet into his shoes.
•'No time for socks this time.”
Fluffy white cumulus clouds were
all around the horizon and over
head. The enemy formation was in
Jap Shot Down
By Radio to The Star.
PORT MORESBY, New Guinea.
March 9—The first Japanese pilot
shot down by anti-aircraft fire over
this strategic port opened his eyes
in a hospital, blinked and then said
to an attendant: "Give me peaches
He was told bluntly that New
Guinea was not a land flowing with
milk and honey and that he must
share the simple diet on which Aus
tralian soldiers stationed here are
The Jap pilot was flying one of
six Zero fighters which carried out
a daring low-level attack on military
objectives and personnel in the Port
Moresby defense area Saturday
afternoon. He was forced to para
chute from his blazing plane after
it had been struck by "ack-ack-’ fire.
He was suffering from severe burns
and was hospitalized as soon as he
The pilot is the first Japanese
soldier captured on Australian soil
and the diggers stationed at this out
post celebrated the event in tradi
Don't spend your money building
an air-raid shelter. Buy Defense
Bonds and Stamps and keep the
plain sight. Then our fighters bolted
out of the clouds above them. The
fight was on.
Surprisingly soon—it seemed less
than a minute—the first bomber
came plunging down, trailing a
stream of fire. While a red column
still stood over the spot where he
hit the water, another one dropped
like a gannet <a sea bird) diving for
fish. And there was a second pillar
Then came what turned out to
be the main attraction—a dying
pilot's desperate attempt to plant
his inferno on the deck of the car
Directly ahead of us a parachute
opened. It was one of our pilots.
Our destroyer got a call to pick
him up. We aimed our nose at the
orange lifejacket and tossed out
lines. 'Hie smile on that pilot’s
face was a thing to remember. He
said later he was on the tail of a
bomber when they got him. With
motor faltering rapidly, he man
aged to get ahead of the fleet be
fore bailing out.
It was still nearly an hour before
sunset when a second formation of
bombers appeared. Shells seemed
to burst all around them and among
them, peppering the sky with black
puffs. But on they came, still in
formation. One dropped out,
wheeling and planing desperately.
Others passed right over us—more
than 50 bombs fell everywhere.
A small piece of metal zinged
against the bridge and the captain
bellowed "Give the - hell, give
’em hell.” His voice sounded
strange. It occurred to me that I
had no cotton in my ears and now,
1 hours later, voices still sound like
a phonograph that needs a new
That second formation gave us
a breath-taking rnomtnt of our
own. When we picked up the pilot
we lagged behind the other ships,
i Before we had time to catch up,
a bomb fell fairly close to our stern
—and presently our rudder jammed.
We went around in crazy, help
less circles, while the rest of the
fleet steamed ahead. This was no
time for towing, and besides, night
was falling. With deepest gloom,
I pictured us as a sitting bird for
the attack that morning might
bring with greater numbers and
Nobody else seemed alarmed. I
went to work on a piece of chewing
gum. and now the story has a
happy ending The rudder trouble
I cleared in half an hour, and we
| caught up with our ffiends.
Fall From Bicycle
Is Fatal to Farmer
Eck Orick. 31, a farmer of Ger
mantown, Md., died this morning
in Montgomery County Hospital as
the result of injuries suffered yes
terday when he apparently fell off
a bicycle near his home, according
Police said Mr. Orick was found
in an unconscious condition by a
passer-bv. He was taken to the
hospital by the Gaithersburg Rescue
Squad. Dr. C. H Hawks, county
coroner, issued a certificate of ac
Ten Daily Needs
• Mentholatum brings delightfully
soothing relief from:
1 .Discomfort* of head colds.2 Chapped
Skin. 3. Study Nostrils. 4. Neuralgic
Headache. 5. Nasal Irritation due to
colds. 6. Cracked Lips. 7. Cuts and
Scratches, t. Minor Burn*. 8. Drv Nos
trils. 10. Sore Muscles,
due to exposure. Jars or
tubes. 30c. vT'eryi
EmBUT DEFENSE BONDSind STAMPS
AND THERE'S >
b LESS NICOTINE \
f IN THE SMOKE J
CAMELS. THEY'RE W
> EXTRA MILO AND )
THEY ALWAYS TASTE J
SO <3000. J
SO FLAVORFUL [
TOt SMOSI Of SLOWe^lIII AATIIIF
28% UESS WWNWt
scientific test* of
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