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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 3-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Page 18. Readers Prefer The Star The Star’s afternoon and evening circulation is more than double that of any other Washington newspaper. Its total circulation in Washington far exceeds that of any of its contem poraries in the morning or on Sunday. C4*> Meant Associated Press. 90th YEAR. No. 35,744. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1942 THREE CENTS. Japanese Admit Heavy Losses In Air Attacks Off New Guinea; Aussies Gain Time for Defense Tokio Acknowledges Three Warships Were Damaged B* ihc Associated Press. CANBERRA, Australia, March 12.—Two days of violent air at tack, which littered the Japa nese-won beach heads of New Guinea with the wreckage of an Invasion armada and battered potential Japanese bases, gave direly threatened Australia val uable hours today to muster fighting power for a stand on her own shores. Japan's first spearhead appar ently was blunted by the fierce aerial blows yesterday at hangars and run ways of Salamaua and Lae. fol lowing up the aerial onslaught the day before which sank, burned or beached at least seven ships and brought to at least 13 the number of Japanese transports put out of ac tion off New Guinea and New Britain. (A Japanese imperial head quarters announcement acknowl edged that three of its worships were damaged and six other ves sels were sunk or grounded in the Tuesday landing operations at Lae and Salamaua. (The Tokio announcement said a cruiser, two destroyers and three "requisitioned ships"— probably captured vessels taken over by the Japanese Navy— were damaged slightly, and a military transport and two other "requisitioned" ships were sunk ©r beached ) No Word of New Action. There was. however, no word of j new action today to indicate the next turn of the fight, nor any further news of a second strong Japanese convoy last reported head ed for Port Moresby, capital of New Guinea only 300 miles from the Australian mainland. The blows by the R. A. A P. (bol stered by big United States bomb ers) were believed to have seriously dislocated the Japanese invasion timetable. One spokesman declared that the Japanese would take an even harder pounding as they came further into effective range of fighters and bomb ers based in Northern Australia. He said that the attacks yester day and the day before, when seven Japanese ships were officially rec-! orded as put out of action, were only a beginning. The Australians said two more ships were believed damaged in the Tuesday attacks. (A United States announce meat yesterday logged the seven Japanese ships to the credit of American air forces in Australia and military sources in Wash- I ington predicted American action : would focus in heavy bomber at tacks on Japanese armadas near the approaches to Australia. (The Army said yesterday that eight heavy United States bomb ers smashed at Japanese ships Tuesday in the New Guinea har bor of Salamaua. dropping 18 tons of bombs which left two vessels sinking, four burning and another stranded. The Ameri can forces returned intact.) Moresby Raided Again. Apparently as advance aerial ar tillery trying to soften up Port Moresby for the ships supposedly approaching it. Japanese bombers again attacked it in daylight yes terday. The Australians, however, said the raiders were kept high by anti-aircraft fire and there were no casualties. In further R. A. A. F. raids on Japanese landing areas yesterday, a communique said, airdromes at Lae and Salamaua were the chief targets and buildings were de stroyed along with runways plas tered with holes. All R. A. A. F. planes returned, it said, although Japanese fighters tried to intercept them. One Jap anese fighter was shot down. (The Australian radio, heard by C. B. S„ said Melbourne had "a realistic daylight air raid test” this morning in which streets were cleared, shelters filled and air raid wardens and fire watchers manned their posts. The test lasted 35 minutes.) The government created a direc torate of defense foodstuff in a move to control the production and supply of food to Australian and Allied forces here and the export ©f food to empire areas overseas. Six Army Flyers Killed In Bomber Crash in Texas B> th* Associated Pres*. SAN ANTONIO, Tex., March 12.— Six Army flyers—three officers and three enlisted men—were killed last night in the crash of their Army B-25 medium bomber 9 miles east of Yoakum, Duncan Field officials disclosed today. The machine burned. The dead, all from Camp Beaure gard. La., were: Second Lt. D. W. Bradford, pilot: Second Lt. R. C. Hocking, co-pilot; First Lt. A. M. Johnston, Master Sergt. C. G. Frazier. Technical Sergt. E. F. Rieka and Sergt. C. A. Smith. Two German Prisoners Flee Canadian Camp Bt the Associated Press. BOWMANVILLE. Ontario. March 12.—Troops and police today hunted for two German prisoners of war, both airmen, who escaped from a prison camp near here last night. The escaped men are Federick Oeser, 23, who made his first break on December 30 in a laundry truck but waa captured an hour later, and Bigward Fiedig, 27. Their escape was discovered about 10:15 o'clock last night. Tirpitz Failed to Get Close To Convoy, London Hears Prinz Eugen at Trondheim Badly Damaged, Stockholm Correspondent Also Reports By the Associated Press. LONDON, March 12.—The Stockholm correspondent of the News Chronicle reported today that the huge, new German battle ship Tirpitz, which put back into a Norwegian port after being attacked Monday by British torpedo-carrying planes, failed to get within 300 miles of “her prospective prey”—a convoy which now has reached Russia. Neither his article nor the Ad miralty communique yesterday dis closed whether the Tirpitz, sister ship of the sunken Bismarck, suf fered any damage in the attack north of Trondheim. The dispatch from Stockholm said, however, that the Tirpitz was built "on the German plan for com paratively short sea trips" and that the crew, when in harbor, lived in barracks ashore. This, the dis patch said, allowed more room for watertight compartments which >-— made the ship almost invulnerable to aircraft attack. The correspondent said he had learned, too,' that the 10,000-ton German cruiser Prinz Eugen was “lying in Trondheim harbor badly holed’’ as a result of the torpedo attack off Norway February 23 by the British submarine Trident. The Admiralty communique Feb ruary 26 which announced the at (See TIRPITZ, Page A-6.) British Bombers Make Heavy New Attack On Moulmein Lull in Land Fighting Reported, With Renewal Expected Shortly E' thf Associated Press. LONDON, March 12—British bombers operating from their new bases In Central Burma have carried out their second heavy attack within 48 hours on the Japanese-occupied port of Moul mein. according to an R. A. F. communique relayed today by the All-India Radio. The raid was staged yesterday, the communique said, with “enemy positions" the chief target. The apparent lull In the land fighting was borne out by the fact that there was no new report from army headquarters. A British mil itary’ commentator in London, how ever, said fighting "doubtless will follow" in Central Burma, where British imperial troops have with drawn from the Irrawaddy River delta and are consolidating with Chinese forces. A Chungking dispatch reported the Japanese were constructing a network of trenches north of the railway junction town of Pegu, which lies 40 miles north of Rangoon. Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, new Amer ican chief of staff in the China area under Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek, was en route to Burma on a tour of inspection. The military commentator said the British forces are "in the main intact, though they must have suf fered heavy casualties.'’ Rangoon Oil Refineries Destroyed by Squads MANDALAY, Burma. March 11 • Delayed' i/Pi.—Destruction of Ran goon's oil refineries according to a prearranged scorched-earth plan was carried out by an expert who said today he also had witnessed the Russian demolitions on the Southern Soviet front last year. He said that when military au thorities decided last Saturday that Rangoon was untenable, demolition 'See BURMA, Page^A-6J 18-Word Statement Says Lull Continues On Bataan Front By the Associated Press. The War Department in one of the briefest communiques of the war reported today that the lull in fighting on the Philip pines’ Bataan Peninsula con tinued. It was the fourth consecu tive day that the department reported absence of activity on the fighting front. The communique. No. 1*4, based on reports received to 10:30 am., read: “1. Philippine theater: "The lull in the fighting in Bataan continues. "There is nothing to report from other areas.” Brazil Orders First Seizure of Axis Subjects' Funds Up to 30 Per Cent of Deposits and Credits Confiscated at Rio B' tht Associated Press. RIO DE JANEIRO, March 12 - Brazil today confiscated up to 30 per cent of the funds of Axis subjects in this country in a de cree which branded Germany, Italy and Japan as aggressors and strengthened belief that a declaration of war might follow. The decree by President Getulio Vargas said the confiscations were based on "acts of war practiced against the American continent,” and singled out Germany as par ticularly responsible. Since Germany. Italy and Japan are allies, they are "united in ag gression,” the'decree stated. It blamed Germany for failure to pay admitted obligations for damage to a Brazilian ship in ihe Mediterranean some time ago and for attacks on peaceable unarmed Brazilian merchantmen—at least four of which have been sunk re cently off the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Explanation or Action. In explanation of holding Axis nationals accountable, Vargas con cluded: “In conditibns of modern war civil' populations find themselves strictly linked to the fate of armed forces and their activity is. more than in any other epoch of history, a determining element in the re sult of war operations. Brazil broke off diplomatic rela tions with Germany. Italy and Ja i pan on January 28. Informed legal sources said that a phrase in the decree calling for seizure of property held by “juridical persons" practicing acts of aggres sion referred to the Axis govern ments themselves and meant that Brazil would take over the embas sies and consulates of those nations. The Vargas decree said “the prop erty and rights of German. Japanese and Italian persons or legal sub jects must answer for harm which has resulted or may result from (See BRA^TL, Page A-6.) Navy Lists Freighter As Lost in Pacific B» tne Associated Press. The Navy announced today that the Matson Navigation Co.'s freight er Malama is presumed to be lost in the Pacific. The Malama, a 3.275-ton steam vessel, was built in 1919 at Newark, N. J„ by the Submarine Boat Co. Her home port was San Francisco. The Malama was the last ship which the Navy announced under its old policy of identifying lost, or presumed to be lost vessels by name and tonnage. Hereafter, a policy of withholding identification of ships sunk will be followed, the Navy an nounced, although spokesmen said that occasionally, for a short while, names may be given in instances where the ships have been identified beforehand by other sources. Summary of Today's Star Foreign. British bombers make new attack on Moulmein. Page A-l Brazil expected to act today to con fiscate Axis properties. Page A-l 49,700 Nazis killed in month on Kal inin front. Page A-l 3 British cruisers hit, one probably sunk. Italy claims. Page A-l Australia to send food to Singapore to feed prisoners. Page A-l British torpedo planes chase Tirpitz to refuge in Norway. Page A-l 17 more vessels sunk in American waters. Nazis say. Page A-2 Japs claim capture of 210.000 pris oners since start of war. Page A-4 National. Mellett. says President suggested site of O. G. R. building. Page A-l C. A. A. civilian aviation training program is doubled. Page A-l Sales tax included in manufactur ers’ tax suggestions. Page A-l Court holds trio In slaying of ref ugee. Page A-2 Farm bloc wards off attack on sub parity sale plan. Page A-2 Secretary Perkins appears before Senate labor group. Page A-4 Robert A. Bosch, German inventor, dies. Page A-l^ Washington and Vicinity. D. C. youth held in connection with Texas murder. Page A-3 Selective service drawing to be con ducted without frills. Page B-l Federal offices to observe blackout for half hour at least. Page B-l D. C. woman volunteers hear Dan iels talk on O. C. D. Page B-l Later school hours indorsed by Commissioners. Page B-l City heads query Stimson on Van Ness street closing. Page B-l Miscellany Marriage Licenses. Page A-15 Nature's Children. Page B-12 After Dark. Page B-14 Births and Deaths. Page C-7 Nazis'Southern Lines Reported Broken by Reds Russians Endanger German Positions North of Smolensk S« the Associated Press. MOSCOW, March 12,-The Red Army has broken through strong ly held German lines at several places on the southern front, killing 2,000 Nazis and seizing two large Junction points, front line dispatches reported today. The Germans rushed up reserves for counterattacks which failed in two days of violent fighting, the accounts said. This success in the south followed Red Army reports of hard-hitting Russian offensives which endangered German positions in the whole vast :entral front area north of Smolensk and cost the Germans tremendously In lives, munitions and supplies. Sleds powered with airplane en gines and propellers skimmed through the German positions *o quickly that they ‘caused great panic," said the central front reports. 49.700 Killed In Month. A special communique listed 49.700 Nazi troops killed in the Kalinin sector alone between February 5 and March 8. But the dispatches from the front asserted the 16th German Army, which already had suffered 12.000 casualties in the Staraya Russa trap, had lost addi tional thousands In the last few days, while the advancing Russians have captured 11 new settlements, in cluding two district centers, in this area. (Russian sources in London re ported two important break throughs—one north of Lake Ilmen where Red Army units shattered strong Nazi defense positions, and the other in the German lines guarding the direct approaches to Smolensk. 230 miles west of Moscow.) Further Air Successes Reported. Even the desperate at temp’s of the Nazi high command to throw in reserves did not appear to be strengthening the German lines ma terially. One dispatch quoted a German prisoner from the 10th Army as saying he had been drafted from a Lubeck factors', together with 2,000 other workers, less than two months ago. (London sources reported con- i tinued success for the Soviet air force in blocking German efforts to bring in reinforcements by transport plane.) Continued raids on German com munication lines also were said to have contributed to putting the Nazi armies in possibly their worst plight of the entire winter campaign. The Nazi troops in the Staraya Russa trap, it was reported, have been forced to bolster their dwindling food supplies with horse meat The communique detailing opera tions on the Kalinin front claimed recapture of 161 communities and destruction of 277 German planes. Nine Warehouses Destroyed. Destruction of nine warehouses full of German munitions and seizure or demolition of vast stores of war supplies were credited to Kalinin front fighters in addition to slaughter of invaders at a rate of 1,600 daily in the month ended last Sunday. Captured materiel included 78 tanks, 172 field guns. 200 mortars, 1,177 motor vehicles and 2 locomo tives, the Soviet Information Bureau said. Two locomotives, 104 cars, an armored train, 39 tanks, 142 guns and 2,629 motor vehicles were among the property reported destroyed. Dispatches from the Staraya Russa sector said Red Air Force attacks had left forests and air dromes from Riga, Latvia, to Lake Ilmen littered with the burned wrecks of transport planes by which Hitler Is attempting to ferry rein forcements for the 16th Army. Tass said suicides were Increasing among the beleaguered men. soldiers and officers alike. Satellites Are Reported Balking Hitler's Order ISTANBUL, Turkey, March 12 (Ph A state of near-mutiny against Adolf | Hitler's "new order” is developing in Hungary and Rumania, according to information received here by well informed circles. Hitler was reported calling on these nations for large new military sacrifices to aid his spring offensive in Russia, but each was said to be refusing steadfastly to make any further donations until she has re ceived from Germany effective guarantees against the other. These reports said Marshal Ion Antonescu, chief of State and until now Hitler's chief Rumanian sup porter in the Russian war. refused flatly on a recent visit to Berlin to authorize the organization of a new Rumanian Army to be sent to the eastern front unless Hitler pledged that Hungary also woyld send suffi cient forces to prevent her from stabbing Rumania in the back dur ing the summer. Red Thrusts Repulsed, Nazi Command Says R BERLIN (From German Broad casts), March 12 wP).—Continued Red Army attatks against German positions along the eastern front were reported today by the high command, which said all the Soviet thrusts were repulsed. The high command said several localities were captured by Ger man forces in shock troop operations and counterattacks. Bjad Weather Stops R. A. F. LONDON, March 12 <*»).—Bad weather forced a halt in the Royal Air Force offensive last night after the Rilhr had been pounded for three /straight nights, Informed sources said today. -fSCORCH thcS^ f Comforts, uncle.1 \ THE ENEMY IS ON J nvTHE WAY Sgssssssgn mtlUI'l ■'Lill-i ..I i I I I |l i INEFFICIENCY I Information Building Was Idea Of President, Mellett Declares Executive Chose Site, Too, He Tells Probers; McKellar Sees Congress Being Thwarted By J. A. O'LEARY. Lowell Mellett, director of the Office of Government Reports, told the Joint Congressional Economy Committee today that Presi dent Roosevelt^ suggested both the establishment of a central Government information bureau and its erection on a park site at Fourteenth street and Pennsylvania avenue. Chairman Byrd of the joint com-*: mlttee had asked the director who mentioned the new $600 000 build ing first, himself or the President. 'I don't think it's betrayfhg a secret to say he mentioned it to me first, including the site,” said Mr. Mellett. “Well, wio in the world men tioned it to him first?” Senator Glass, Dem'jcrat, of Virginia asked.. Mr. Mellett said it was Postmas ter General Walker who urged that such an information center be es tablished in O. G. R. He pointed out that Mr. Walker was head of the National Emergency Council several years ago* when the United States reformation Service was part of the council *and that he knew the need for such a project. Mellett Suggested Big Space. Senator Bird wanted to know if the President suggested the new building without asking Mr. Mel lett if he needed more space. Mr. Mellett said that while the President suggested the location for a central information unit, he would plead guilty to having recommended that if such a bureau were to be • Continued on page A-6, Column 3.) » j 83 Crew Members Of 2 Sunken Ships Reach Puerto Rico Two U. S. Vessels Pick Up Survivors of British And Swedish Craft Ft Iff Associated Press. SAN JUAN. P. R , March 12 — United States naval district headquarters authorized the pub lication today of the arrival here Monday night of two United States ships bringing 83 survivors of a British tanker and a Swed ish freighter torpedoed and sunk in the Caribbean area last Thurs day and Friday nights. The American motorship Idaho landed 49 officers and crew mem bers of the medium-sized British tanker and a few hours later the Waterman liner Ipswich brought in 34 survivors of the small Swedish freighter. No lives were lost in the sinkings, which occurred approximately 20 miles apart. For both Capt. A. Henney. master of the tanker, and Capt. Sven Cron berg. master of the freighter, it was the second time ships under their command have been sunk in war action. Under a new Navy policy not to disclose the identity of ships sunk by enemy action, the names and tonnage of the tanker-and freighter were withheld. All members of the two crews were British, Scandinavians or French. Five Britons were hospi talized. but only one, D. Howell, cabin boy, whose leg was shattered by an explosion, was in a serious condition. One Danish member of the Swedish ship’s crew also was taken to a hospital. Capt. Henney said that the nam ing after the sinking, using a small radio carried in his lifeboat, he sent a message for help to a ship less than 5 miles away. The ship first approached and then veered away, and Henney said he believed she had a rendezvous with the submarine that sank his ship. The British vessel was hit by three torpedoes soon after moon rise the night of March 5. The crew members were 60 hours in lifeboats before they were picked up. The Swedish ship was sunk between 8 and 9 p.m. Friday, and survivors were rescued Sunday. Harvard Will Honor MacArthur, Paper Says By the Associated Press. CAMBRIDGE, Mass., March 12 — The Harvard Crimson, undergrad uate newspaper, said today that Harvard University would confer an honorary degree on Gen. Douglas MacArthur "in absentia" in June. University officials, in keeping with their customary reticence concern ing honorary degrees prior to the day they are conferred, refused com ment. The Crimson said the University will make a choice between two tra ditions long cherished: That a recipient of a degree must receive it in person, and its desire in a time of crisis to stimulate patriotic devotion in the Nation. Sales Levy Is Urged In Manufacturers' Tax Suggestions Would Raise 4.4 Billions Of $7,600,000,000 by Plan Treasury Opposes by thf A.'&ocifttrd Press. The National Association of Manufacturers suggested a $7. 600.000.0no tax program to Con gress today, featuring a $4,400. 000,000 sales tax and moderate increases in individual and cor poration levies. The recommendations, presented to the House Ways and Means Committee by J. Cheever Cowdin. called for only one-third of the increases individual and corporate tax rates proposed by Secretary Morgenthau, and contemplated making up the difference through either a manufacturers’ or retail sales tax. which Secretary Morgen thau forthrightly opposed. “Grant all the objections to a war tax on consumption." Mr. Cow din observed. “How else can you meet the Nation's need for tre mendous amounts of new revenue?” Corporation Tax Proposals. For corporations, Mr. Cowdin pro posed a combined normal and war tax of 40 per cent, compared with the Treasury's 55 per cent, and a 90 per cent excess profits tax. com pared with the Treasury's recom mendation for graduated rates starting at 50 per cent on the first $20,000. He said that the N. A. M. recom mendations would yield $1,500,000, 000 in corporate revenue. Warning against what he said was “the obvious danger” that exces sive taxes “will cause a slackening of our war output,” Mr. Cowdin told the committee: "This corporate war tax pro gram will require sacrifice on the part of stockholders, whose dividends will have to be curtailed to meet taxes and the demands upon busi ness to carry increased inventories i See TAXES, Page A-6J — Southwest Housing Now Health Menace, House Group Is Told Goodwillie Details Plan for Rebuilding Nine-Block Area By JAMES E. CHINN. A*rthur Goodwillie of the Home Owners Loan Corp. told the House Public Buildings and Grounds Committee today the nine-block area in Southwest Washington he wants to reha bilitate is now a menace to the health of the entire city. Slum conditions in the section, he declared, are the potential sources of breeding a war epidemic— a situation that is causing "grave concern'' to both District and Fed eral public health authorities. Two committee members—Repre sentatives Harris of Virginia, and Bell of Missouri, both Democrats— declared they were "amazed'' by the slum conditions in Washington. Mr. Bell added he was "astounded'' that the residents of the District had never demanded a law requiring property owners to install modern, sanitary facilities in homes before they are rented. Commissioners Invited. As the discussion of the slum sit uation continued. Mr. Harris made a formal motion that the committee summon before it for questioning all District officials concerned with public sanitation. No action was taken on his motion, however, after Chairman Lanham explained that the Commissioners already had been invited to attend the hearings. John Ihlder. executive officer of the District Alley Dwelling Author ity. told the committee the Health Department did not have authority to correct the conditions, but had sought it for years. “Do you mean the District Health Department has no authority to remedy conditions that might pro mote epidemics?" asked Representa tive Harris. “If it doesn't, it is cer tainly far behind other cities." Representative Hebert. Democrat, of Louisiana, announced later he proposed to introduce a bill to re quire all property owners to install modern plumbing and other sani tary facilities in their homes before renting them. “We have got to get rid of the outdoor privy," he de clared. A bill the committee has under consideration authorizing an appro priation of $70,000,000 for housing and related community facilities for Government war workers in the District and its Metropolitan Area, specifically allocates $5,000,000 to carry out the Goodwillie plan. Mr. Goodwillie used maps, charts and photographs to depict condi tions in the nine-block area and to illustrate the improvjTients that would result in redeveloping the section as a modern community of homes for Government war workers in the low-income groups. Well Adapted to Purpose. The purpose of the project, he emphasized, is in no way social. “It just happens," he declared, “that the Southwest is particularly adapted for reconstruction to pro vide homes for Government work ers." There are 85 blocks in the South west section. Mr. Goodwillie ex —«See~ HOUSING, Page "a^TT More Aggressive Title Studied By U. S. for Defense Bonds Defense bonds may be changed to Victory bonds or War bonds or some other name more appropriate to financing the all-out efforts which the United States plans to carry the fight to the enemy. This cnange is under considera tion, it was learned at the Treasury today, though no decision has been reached. It was pointed out that, should Secretary Morgenthau decide on a new name for the bonds and sav ings stamps, it would require some time because of the large outlay which has gone into Defense bonds. Thousands have been printed and await distribution. And then there is the extensive advertising cam paign. including posters scattered all over the country-. The placards would have to be recalled and new ones substituted. The newspaper, magazine and radio advertising theme would have to be altered. Several names in place of Defense bonds have been suggested by cor respondents. callers and officials, a Treasury spokesman said, though "Victory” and "War” seem to be the most popular proposed designa tions. Those urging the change point out that "defense* suggests a static con dition which did prevail before Pearl Harbor, but since has been replaced with an aggressive spirit and hopes for sweeping offensives. Some officials, on the other hand, say the term Defense bonds and Defense stamps have been adver tised so thoroughly that they have a distinct place in the public mind and it might be a mistake to change the name. And, after all, say these. America is defending her way of life, whether she fights in Africa, Australia or elsewhere. During World War I they were called Liberty bonds. Remember? C. A. A. Doubles Its Program of Pilot Training Students Must Agree ,To Fly for Arnly or Aid Kationdl Interest Bv the Associated Press. The C. A. A civilian aviation training program Ujday was or dered more than doubled In size and geared completely into the war effort as a part of the urgent expansion of the Nation’s air power. The War Department announced the move, explaining it was worked out in co-operation with the Army air forces. The number of students given elementary pilot training is to be raised from 25.000 to 45.000 a year, and the facilities of the secondary flying course tripled to train 30.003 students annually. In addition, training is to be pro vided for tlie first time for ground technicians. About 31.000 are to be given their training annually. Must Agree to Serve. All who undergo the flying or ground technician training must agree to serve in the Army Air Corps, or if unable to meet mili tary requirements, must agree to j "contribute their future effort to a field of aeronautics adapted to serve the national interest.” ■ The civilian pilot training pro gram of the C. A. A. is being carried | out at more than 700 centers. Each center consists of a college or civic body which conducts the ground school and a nearby commercial flying school which gives the flight training. Both types are under Gov ernment contract and supervision, i and are paid by the Government according to the number of stu ! dents. The only costs to the trainee are for registration, medical exam ination and insurance. Priority for Cadet Candidates. The War Department said priority in C. A. A. training would now be given students who can meet the re quirements for appointment as avia tion cadets. They become members of the air corps section of the en listed reserve at the outset. Applicants for ground technician training must be able to meet re quirements for entrance into Air Corps technical schools and become members of the enlisted reserve at the start. While undergoing the C. W. A. training, reservists will be consid ered on inactive military status. Petty Officer's Body Found In Gas-Filled Room The bodv of a young man. In the uniform of a naval chief yeoman, was found earlv todav in a gas fllled room at 1628 G street S.E., police reported Papers in his pockets were listed to Joseph Paul Dumbowski. 26. attached to the of fice of the chief of naval opera tions. The man also had about S90 In cash. Police said Mrs Anna P. Heavrin told them the petty officer came to her home last night and en gaged a room, giving her $8 and apologizing for not making a larger deposit. He went away, but re turned about midnight, she said. After Mrs. Heavrin smelled gas this morning the man was found uncon scious on the floor. Gas was flowing from burners of a small stove. .A certificate of suicide was issued, i Police said the identification pa; pers indicated the man s home was in Long Beach, Calif., and that the voung woman of whom he had a photograph was his wife The pic ture Identified her as '‘Elsie." Seven in A. V. G. Given Posthumous Promotions By the Associated Pres* CHUNGKING. March 12—Seven i members of the American Volunteer ■ Group who lost their lives in the air service of China were given posthu mous promotions today by Gen eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek. New Atlantic Airline NEW YORK. March 12 0PV— Operations in the trans-Atlantic service between Europe and the United States will be begun late in April by American Export Airlines, Inc.. James M. Eaton, vice president of the line, has announced. Store News Tomorrow will be a big day for bargains and most of them are advertised in today's Star. Shopping with The Evening and Sunday Star as a guide is a regular practice in the great majority of Washington homes. Yesterday’s Advertising (Local Display) Linn The Evening Star-41.642 2d Newspaper..19,635 3d Newspaper_17,555 4th Newspaper_12,760 Yesterday’s Circulation The Evening Star Wed., March 11. 1942 .*188475 Wed., March 12, 1941..*168,772 Increase_ 19,603 •Returns from newsstands not deducted and no samples included. 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