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Moderate temperatures this afternoon anfi to night. Temperatures today—Highest. 75, at 4 pjn.; lowest, 42, at 4:45 a.m. Prom the United stater earner Bureau Report. Pull Detail* on Past A-a. Closing N. Y. Morkets—Saits, Page 14. NIGHT n N AL SPORTS VP) Meant Associated Prats. 90th YEAE. No. 35,749. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 17, 1942 - THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. . . - / * % THREE CENTS. CONGRESS HAILS MacARTHUR'S TRANSFER; NATION'S VICTORY HOPES BUOYED BY MOVE President Says No Law Needed On 40-Hr. Week C. t. 0. and A. F. L. Pledge Ban on All Strikes (Earlier Story on Page A-5.) President Roosevelt indicated today he thought there should be no immediate legislation on the 40-hour week issue because, he said, things are going pretty well now. At, the same time, he disclosed he had requested organized labor to waive its double pay for Sun day work. The President's remarks came on the heels of a long conference at the White House with labor chiefs. This had brought promises from the A. F. L. and C. I. O. that no strikes or resort to forceful means will be permitted to interrupt continuous war production. There had been discussion at the earlier ' nference of the 40-hour week p;4ftilem, the President said, and he remarked that there has been "an amazing state of public misinformation” about this problem. He authorized a direct quotation. Might Be Veeded Later. When reporters inquired whether he thought legislation was not needed on this problem and on strikes, he responded that some might be required in time. But don’t let's rush things wher they are going pretty well, he suggested. He said he would rather see instead • few more parades and a few more bands playing because he thought it was time to wave the flag. And pet a lot of enthusiasm into our work. Congress c<J*i t pass a law, Mr. Roose €lt said, to mafce a man pro duce more. In the matter of double pay for; Sundav work the President said he favored double rate where employes work a seventh consecutive day, but that ordinarily personnel could be staggered In suqh Way as to keep plants operating without keeping workers on jobs seven consecutive days. Asked for labor's reaction to the request, which was submitted during today’s meeting of the Labor War Board, Mr. Roosevelt remarked that silence sometimes gives consent. He added that he thought they, would accept it. Following the labor conference, spokesmen for the board said there was agreement that no strikes or forceful interruption of production henceforth would be sanctioned by organized labor, termed by one offi cial a voluntary surrender of the right to strike. No Real Strike Problem. In his press conference, the Presi dent said that the strike question actually had not been discussed dur- , ing today’s meeting because there is no real strike problem in the country today. Furthermore, he pointed out that labor already had given assur ances that they would not obstruct production and that adequate Gov ernment labor machinery stands ready to handle industry problems. In opening his discussion of labor standards, the President indicated that he favors the present rule for ' time and a half for work beyond 40 hours weekly. The pledge that there would be no break in war production was made to the Chief Executive by the Labor War Board, composed of six repre sentatives of the two labor faction. At about the same time, Senators George, Democrat, of Georgia, and Vandenberg, Republican, of Mich igan. warned the Senate that the United States might lose the war as they joined in a demand for repeal of the 40-hour week law and a limit on both profits and wage in creases. Agree to Ban Strikes. In leaving the White House meet-! lng, President William Green of I the A. F. L. said "It was agreed that wage rates and standards will be fixed without strikes or interference with production. This will be done, first, by collective bargaining; sec ond, by mediation or conciliation; and third, if necessary, by the Na tional War Labor Board. “These methods will be applied free of threats of strike or resort to force. The purpose of Congress to eliminate strikes is thus estab lished." “This is a voluntary action on the part of labor to yield its right • to strike,” President Philip Murray of the C. I. O. said. “It is a more ; satisfactory answer to the problem j of production and of national unity j than a resort to legislative enact ments by Congress." Mr. Green indicated there had been no change in the President's j (See LABOR, Page 2-X.) j GUIDE FOR READERS Page. Amusements, B-20 Comics ..B-18-19 Editorials ...A-8 Editorial Articles ...A-9 Finance.A-6 Legal Notices ...B-17 Page. Lost, Found A-3 Obituary ...A-10 Radio ..B-18 Society_B-3 Sports_A-ll-13 Where to Go.-_B-9 | Woman's Page _B-14 j Complete Index on Page A-l Bataan Forces Repel Sudden Jap Attacks Wainwright's Men Easily Beat Off Enemy Thrusts Br the Associated Press. A sudden renewal of Japanese attacks against American forces in the Philippines was reported today by the War Department, which said all of the enemy as saults were unsuccessful. A raid on the defending lines In Bataan was "easily repul*d” by Maj. Gen. Jonathan M. Wain wright s troops, a department com munique reported, and a bombard ment of harbor defenses by eremy batteries on the Cavite shore of Manila Bay caused only slight dam age. A Japanese destroyer shelled the port of Cebu, but caused no damage. The text of the communique, number 150, based on reports re ceived up to 4 p.m., E. W. T.: "1. The Philippine theater: "After several days of inactivity the enemy launched a sudden raid on our lines in Bataan. This attack' was easily repulsed by Gen. Wain wright's troops. “Our harbor defenses were heavily shelled for several hours by enemy batteries from the Cavite shore. The bombardment caused only slight damage. “A Japanese destroyer shelled the port of Cebu for a brief period. No damage resulted. "2. There is nothing to report from other areas.” With the departure of Gen. Mac-1 Arthur. Gen. Wainwright, as senior! officer, now is in charge of the American forces in the Philippines. Official designation of Gen. Wain wright as commander at Bataan has not been forthcoming. Rammers Corps Steps Up Activity in Libyan Desert By the Associated Press. CAIRO. March 17.—Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s North Africa corps had increased its activity in the Libyan desert, a British com munique said today in disclosing that a "strong enemy column in cluding tanks’’ moved forward in the Cherima area, but withdrew in the, face of British mobile forces. "A successful action by mixed forces resulted in casualties being inflicted on the enemy west of Cherima.” the British added. The R. A. F. continued to support troops in the forward area countering Axis air activity. New Zealand Points To Peril of Jap Thrust By the Associated Pres*. WELLINGTON, New Zealand, March 17.—The increased danger of a Japanese thrust toward New Zea land and toward the Fiji Islands to the north was emphasized today by Prime Minister Peter Fraser of New Zealand. He declared retention of New Zea land and Australian bases for both defensive and offensive action was an essential feature of general Allied strategy in the Pacific. Late Races Earlier Results, Rossvan's, Other Slectiong and Entries for Tomorrow on Pagt Z\. Tropical Park FIFTH RACE—Purse. #1.000: allow anees. .'(-year-olds; l mile and 70 yards. Dark Lad <De Lara) 40.80 10.20 8.SO TT^e Last (Meade) 6.80 4.00 A One (Campbell) 8.70 Time. 1:42%. Also ran—Tee Midge. Ship's Run. Cal's Pet. Automaton. Nile Star. Redthorn. New Flower, Brother Dear. Forswear. 8IXTH RACE—Purse. #1 200: allow ances: 4-year-olds and UDward; 1 mile and .0 yards. Best Seller (Young) 3.10 2.50 2.30 In Ouestion (Brunelle) 3.10 2.70 Displayer (Scurlock) 2.90 Time. 1 :41 2-5. Also ran—Cis Marlon. Yawl. Blue War rior. Cherry Trifle. Seventh race—Purse. *1,000: claim ing: 4-year-oida and upward; 1 miles. Gay Man (Gonzales) 22.80 10.00 8.30 Star Of Paduia (Meade) 5.50 4.00 Coffee Man (McCombs) 5.50 Time. 1:44%. Also ran—Hornblende. Beau Brannon. Curwen. Relious. Calexico. Jackorack. Buckle UP. Unknown Land. Burning Stick. Oaklawn Park SECOND RACE—Purse. #700: special weights: maidens. 2-year-olds: 4 furlongs. Which Glint (Keiper) 57.60 22.30 12.80 Prince Puck (Vedder) 7.30 6.20 Boots Shorty <8conza) 9.80 Time, 0:47 4-6. Also ran—Savage Sailor. Royal Count. Corporal Bud. f Mirror Lake, f Grey Gos iln. In Wood, f Volume and Momentlto. f Field. (Daily Double paid #213.10.) THIRD RACE—Purse. #700; claiming: 4-year-olds and upward: 6 furlongs. The Nizam (Crowell) 15.00 10.00 7.80 Conscript (Brooks) 9.60 5.90 Argella (Whiting) 13.30 Time, 1:12. Also ran—Fair Haired Boy. Black Brummel. f Shaheen. f Big Bubble. Rye Grass, Heathtown, Graustark. Journey On. f Field. FOURTH RACE—Purse. #800: allow ances. 4-year-olds and up: 6 furlongs. Pranks Boy (Scurlock) 5.60 4.20 2.80 Be Blue (Wilson) 4.90 2.70 Book Plate (Adams) 2.90 Time, 1:11%. Also ran—Designator. Ball Player and j Cooling Spring. ON WAY TO JOIN MACARTHUR IN AUSTRALIA—Scene aboard an unidentified troop transport en route to Australia as an anti-aircraft battery crew fired a few test rounds to keep in trim. The Navy released this and other pictures of American soldiers on their way "down under” today, shortly after the War Department announced they had arrived in “considerable numbers.” (Other Photos on Page A-3.) . —Official United States Navy Photo. General Battering Given Griffmen as Dodgers Win, 13-4 . 1 Two Homers Yielded By Sundra; Nats Play Loose Game Line-up. BROOKLYN WASHINGTON. Reese, ss Case. If Vaughan 3b Stance, c: Reiser, cf Campbell. rf Camilli. lb Vernon, lb Aizzo. II Early, c Galan. rf Galfe. 3b Herman. 2b Repttss. ss Owen, c Croucher. 2b Kimball, p Sundra. p Umpires—Messrs. F.mmers and Siarlc. By BURTON HAWKINS, Star Staff Correspondent. ORLANDO, Fla., March 17.— The Nationals violated about everything in the baseball books today, and as a result the Dodg ers won, 13 to 4. Arky Vaughan and Dolf Camilli Started the trouble when they hit homers off Steve Sundra in the sec ond inning in which frame Brooklyn scored seven runs. Aside from poor pitching the Griffmen were equally miserable at bat and In the field. FIRST INNING. BROOKLYN—Reese flied to Case. Vaughan grounded to Vernon. Croucher threw out Reiser. WASHINGTON—Case singled to left and continued to second on Gr lan's fumble. Case took third after Spence flied to Reiser. Campbell singled Ho right, scoring Case. Ver non lined to Galan. Herman threw out Early. One run. SECOND INNING. BROOKLYN—Camilli hit an in side-the-park home run over Spence's head. Rizzo hit a ground - rule double into the left field bushes. Galan singled to right, Rizzo stop ping at third. Herman popped to Croucher. Owen walked, filling the bases. Sundra knocked down Kim ball's smash but his throw to Galle was too late to force Galan at third. Rizzo scoring and leaving the bases filled. Reese singled to center, scor ing Galan and leaving the bases filled. Vaughan hit a home run over the right field fence, scoring Owen, Kimball and Reese ahead of him. Reiser filed to Case. Camilli popped to Repass. Seven runs. WASHINGTON—Galle flied to Reiser. Repass walked. Croucher was safe on Reese’s fumble. Repass stopping at second. Lyons batted for Sundra and was safe on another (SeTBASEBALL, Page 2-XT) Pitcher's Father Dead ROYSTON, Ga„ March 17 (JP).— L. F. Chandler, father of Spurgeon Chandler, pitcher for the New York Yankees, died at his home near Carnesville today. Funeral services will be held tomorrow afternoon at the Cross Road Baptist Church in Franklin County. Late News Bulletin President to Ask 17 Billion for Planes President Roosevelt announced today that Congress wc;uld be asked tomorrow to appropriate $17,579 311,253 for planes for the Army. The Chief Executive told a press con ference that Budget Director Harold Smith had informed him that the huge appropriation, together with previous ones for planes, would take care of the procurement of 148,000 aircraft. Sayre in Honolulu En Route Here Francis B. Sayre, American high commissioner to the Philippines, arrived in Honolulu today, President Roosevelt disclosed to a press conference, and is on the way to the United States for conferences and to make reports. Senate Approves Increase in Debt Limit The Senate today approved an increase in the Federal debt limit from $65,000,000,000 to $130,000,000,000. The legis lation goes back to the House for concurrence in amendments. Jury Disagrees in Investment Case CHICAGO WP>.—A Federal Court jury in the trial of six men on charges of defrauding Midwestern investors of ap proximately $7,000,000 was dismissed today when it was unable to reach a verdict after nearly thr^e days of deliberations. The defendants were accused of mail fraud and violation of the Securities and Exchange Act in the promotion of the sale of stock in Mexican timberlands through Resources Cor poration International. British Destroyer Sunk by Torpedo LONDON <JF).—The Admiralty announced tonight that the British destroyer Vortigem had been torpedoed and sunk in week-end fighting in which five German torpedo boats were destroyed and two damaged. Japs Say Red Cross Relief Ship Unnecessary BUENOS AIRES (^.—Informed quarters said today Japan has advised Argentina that British prisoners at Hong Kong and Singapore receive the same food and clothing as Japa nese troops, and sending of a Red Cross ship with supplies is unnecessary. Argentina, which represents British interests in Japan, made inquiries following British charges of atroci ties at Hong Kong. House Passes Women's Auxiliary Bill The House passed legislation today to create a Women’s Army* Auxiliary Corps with an authorized strength of 150,000 volunteers between the ages of 21 to 45. Flyer Who Navigated Raft 34 Days Gets Navy Cross By thf Assorted Pres*. Harold F. Dixon, 41, an aviation chief machinist’s m,ate, was awarded the Navy Cross today for “extraor dinary heroism” in saving the crew of a Navy torpedo bomber forced down January 16 in the South -Pa cific during operations against the enemy. Dixon and two other enlisted men who were in the plane took to an emergency rubber boat and were afloat for 34 days before reaching the safety of a distant island. Dixon did the navigating and was given credit for keeping up the spirits of his shipmates until they reached land. The 41-year-old enlisted pilot, whose wife, Mrs. Wilma Dorothy Dixon, lives on Route 1, La Mesa, Calif, and his shipmates were taken to Pearl Harbor after their rescue and it was there that the flyer re ceived the award from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Fleet. Mr. Dixon was born at Muskogee, Okla. He enlisted in the Navy at Omaha, Nebr., in December, 1919. GEN. DOUGLAS MacARTHUR. —A. P. Photo. Navy Assigns Andrews to New Command The "Navy Department announced today that Rear Admiral Adolphus Andrews, commandant of the 3d Naval District of New York, had been relieved of that command and assigned to “exclusive duty” as com ! mander of the Eastern Sea Frontier. The Eastern Sea Frontier, al though not explained fully by the Navy, is an extension of the former North Atlantic Coastal Frontier, and apparently includes sea com mand and defense duties from Maine to Florida. Rear Admiral Edward J. Mar quart, commandant of the New York Navy Yard, will take on the addi tional duties as commandant of the third naval district. The Navy restricted its announce ment to a five-line communique and did not mention any reasons for the change. Admiral Andrews assumed duty as commandant of the 3d Naval District and of the North Atlantic coastal frontier in March, 1941. Ad miral Marquart became comman dant of the Navy Yard in New York in June, 1941. Both are 62 years old. 14 Survivors of U. S. Merchant Ship Land At Staten Island ! Captain's Shoes Blown Off by Torpedo; 20 Crew Members Missing BULLETIN. NASSAU, Bahamas <AV— Fifty-seven survivors of a tor pedoed vessel reached here Sunday after two days in life boats. The identity of the vessel and details of the sink ing were not made public. It was the third group of sur vivors to be brought here in eight days. fey thf Associated Press. NEW YORK. March 17.—Four teen survivors of an American merchant ship, torpedoed last Saturday off Atlantic City, N. J., have landed at Staten Island. Twenty men were reported miss ing. The 3d Naval District said six of the men were hospitalized for bruises, exposure and shock. They were taken to the Marine Hospital at Staten Island. Capt. Gardner D. Clark, 57, of Machias, Me., said he was in his cabin when the New England steam er was attacked without warning at 1:45 am. Shoea Blown Off. The first of three torpedoes struck j amidships, wrecking the lifeboat on the starboard side, he said. As the crew was lowering the port lifeboat, he said, he reached the deck and after they had pulled away and others had Jumped to liferafts. a second torpedo hit almost directly ~7see TORPEDOINGTPage 2-X.) Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, March 17 WP>.— Stocks higher; rails lead further recovery. Bonds firmer, rails im prove. Cotton quiet; hedging off set by mill price fixing. CHICAGO: Wheat firm: short covering. Com higher: fair processors’ demand. Hogs strong to 10 higher: top, $13.65; small supply. Cattle steady to strong; mostly medium grade offerings. Russian Successes Reported Continuing In Three Sectors Timoshenko's Forces Said to Have Enlarged Breach in Southwest By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, March 17.—Contin uing Russian successes against German defenders and counter attacks in three sectors were re ported by front-line dispatches today. From the southwest. Marshal Semeon Timoshenko's forces, seek ing the liberation of Kharkov, Rus sia's “Pittsburgh.” were said to have enlarged the breach ii} the German line, overthrowing fierce resistance. Heavy German losses were claimed | in the Kalanin sector during re peated counterattacks in which Soviet troops drove the attackers back with bayonet charges across blood-stained snowdrifts. - The German Army trapped at Staraya Russa was said to have lost one of its most important points of resistance in heavy fighting. Violent Battle Reported In Donets Basin LONDON. March 17 violent battle in the Donets Basin was re ported in Stockholm dispatches today, with the Germans laying down "the heaviest artillery barrage ever known” and the Russians also throwing in large artillery and tank forces. Qualified quarters in London said the battle was likely to settle the question within the next two or three weeks whether Adolf Hitler would retain his forward jumping off bases for a spring offensive. In the central sector the capture of two villages 12 and 10 miles south west of Vyazma was reported as i the Russians struck at the communi | cations between that forward base and Smolensk. , 300 Enemy Aliens Interned At Fort Meade, Army Says The War Department confirmed j today, without giving details, a re port that more than 300 enemy civilians and seamen had been in terned in the three-acre stockade ! erected at Port Meade. Md., last De cember. Most of the prisoners, rounded up : by the Government to prevent es ! pionage and subversive activity, are | civilians, it is understood, and they include Germans, Japanese and j Italians. Merchant officers and sailors. : taken when their ships were seized by this country last year, are be lieved to have been the first placed In the stockade, designed to accom modate 2.000. The internees will be kept under heavy guard in a procedure similar to that put into effect during the First World War. French Morocco Shifts Britons From Coast B7 the Associated Press. (Earlier Story on Page A-4). VIQJHY, March 17. — French sources said today 1.500 British male residents in French Morocco had been placed in "enforced residence” in the hinterland away from the coastal area. These sources distinguished sharp ly between today’s order and one of arrest, pointing out that a similar edict was applied to the British in unoccupied France several months ago. No reason for the order was given. Ample Supplies Demanded for Hero's Forces George, Connolly Assoil Scramble For War Profits (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) The welcome news that Gen. Douglas MacArthur had arrived in Australia to take command of the forces of the United Nations in the South Pacific, today heartened the Senate and House and brought from leaders instant demands that no stone be left unturned to keep supplies mov ing to support the new head of Allied operations, whose exploits on Bataan for weeks have thrilled the Nation. The announcement that Gen. MacArthur had gone to Australia was made at the War Department at 10:30 am, and, coincidentally, some London papers received dis patches that the Japanese force in the invasion of Java now 1s moving southward on Australia. Commenting on the transfer of Gen. MacArthur from command of American and Filipino forces in the Philippines to the supreme command of United Nations forces In the Southwest Pacific. President Roose velt said that the general would have complete charge of land, naval and air forces in all the area thi* side of Singapore. Warns of Propaganda. He said he knew that every one in the United States admired Gen. MacArthur's determination to fight on wfth his men in the Philippines, but when it came to a question of where he could best serve his coun try-. the commander in chief dftp dared, there could be but one an swer. Mr. Roosevelt said there would be immediate Axis propaganda on the short wave radio saying Gen. Mac Arthur’s departure meant abandon ment of the Philippines Announcing the shift of Gen. MacArthur from the Philippines | when the Senate met, Senator ' George, Democrat, of Georgia told I his colleagues that it was a master stroke, and Chairman Connallv of the Senate Foreign Relations Com mittee followed him to declare ! firmly: "We are not going to lose this war." He promised to seek action on leg j islation to halt strikes and curb wagr ! profits. "Our Spirits Lifted l'p." I The transfer of Gen. MacArthur was reported by Senator George when he arose to discuss tly bill ex : tending the limit of the public debt ; to $130,000,000,000. "At the moment.” said the Georgian, “our spirits are lifted up. A great leader who has made a . wonderful defense in the Philippines without the necessary supplies and i troops, has been transferred to a - larger sphere of command in Aus tralia and the Southern Pacific. “When we send Gen. MacArthur - and when we send any American I soldier to the Pacific area or to any ' other far-flung war front, we as- + I sume and the President assumes I the direct obligation to supply fully and to support fully Gen. Mac- A ; Arthur, that humble soldier. The American people will never forgive spreading out our troops and failing J i to supply them with what they i need.” Hitting hard then at both industry and labor seeking profits out of the war. Senator George continued: “When men come to Washington 1 to drive hard bargains with their Government, and when men de- J mand increased wages because they have an opportunity made them ! by the war. a halt must be called. “ I We must be inspired by a great moving cause to win this war.” The Georgia Senator in emphatic tones told the Senate that “when men in high places say ‘to hell with - it, we'll pay the prices, whatever they are,’ the American people will have to pay the bill. That kind of ■« talk will destroy the motive to pro duce the very things we need the most.” ■» Senator George said America can lose the war “by waste” and that waste "shades off into corruption.” ” He insisted that the morale of the ! American people can be broken down by waste. J “We are paying for ships and planes more than we shduld,” he said, “and when that comes to the knowledge of the people, on all the farms and in the little towns of this country, they will feel it tremen dously. We have got to cut down the expenses of government, even , (See MacARTHURTPage 2,'xX~ Temperature Soars to 75, Year's Highest The temperature reached a sea sonal high of 75 degrees shortly be fore 4 pm. today, the Weather Bu- ■* reau said. . The highest previous reading this year Vas 72 'degrees The forecast J for today said that showers could be expected late in the day and that the moderate tebiperatures would u continue tonight.