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Moderate temperature this afternoon; warmer tonight. Temperatures today—Highest. 62, at 3 p.m.; lowest. 34. at 7:50 a.m.; 60 at 4 p.m, rrom the tinned S'atee weamer Bureau Report. Full Details on Page A-2. Closing N. Y. Markets—Safes. Page 20. NIGHT FINAL SPORTS (A1) Meant Associated Press. WASHINGTON, D. €., FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1942—SIXTY PAGES. THREE CENTS. VICHY REPORTS REDS IN STARAYA RUSSA -“ -~ ■ - ■ .......... , .... - ■ ■ — , , - — A ——■ ■■■ Late News Bulletins 46 Survivors of Sinking Reach Nassau NASSAU. Bahamas <£>).—Forty-six survivors of a tor pedoed vessel reached Nassau Wednesday night with a report that three companions were drowned and one injured when their lifeboat sank not far from shore. It was the fourth group of survivors to reach this port in less than two weeks. In all, 171 have survived and 6 have died as a result of these sinkngs in Bahamian waters. MacArthur Due in Melbourne Tomorrow MELBOURNE <£>>,—Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur is ex pected in Melbourne Saturday. F. B. I. Agents Smash Huge Lottery Ring The Justice Department announced today that agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, operating in 36 cities, had arrested 60 members of what was described by the de partment as the Nation's largest lottery ring. Nazi Patrol Boat Sunk in Bay of Biscay LONDON (/Pi.—An R. A. F. flying boat destroyed a Ger man naval patrol boat in the Bay of Biscay today, the Air Ministry announced tonight. Only this week the Admiralty declared the Bay of Biscay dangerous to shipping in a move to plug a blockade leak through which goods have been reaching Germany by way of France. 700 Casualties Inflicted on Japs in Burma NEW DELHI. India i/P>.—Heavy fighting is going on in the vicinity of Toungoo. important British defense position on the Sittang front protecting Central Burma, and some 700 casualties have been inflicted on the Japanese, a special communique said late today. Chinese forces are fighting the Japanese south of Pyu. A cavalry unit destroyed three armored cars and inflicted 100 casualties on the Japs. Pyu Is 35 miles south of Toungoo on the railway running north ward from Rangoon. Jap Reinforcements Reported on New Guinea BERLIN (From German Broadcasts) <#>.—'Tokio dis patches, said to come from the Japanese front, reported to day that strong new reinforcements had been landed on the northern coast of New Guinea. (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Miss Suggs Wins North and South Title „ PINEHURST, N. C.—Louise Suggs of Lithia Springs. Ga., won the 40th annual North and South women s golf cham pionship today by defeating Mrs. Estelle Lawson Page, jr., of Chapel Hill, the defending champion. 1 up, in the final match. (Earlier Story on Page D-l.) Use of Oils for Margarine and Soap Cut The War Production Board today prohibited the use of coconut oil and other oils having a high glycerine yield for manufacture of margarine, shortening or cooking fat. and restricted their use in soap making to 75 per cent of 1941 con sumption. Another order restricted use of palm oil after April l. Greek Ship Torpedoed Off Atlantic Coast The Navy reported late today that a medium sized Greek merchant vessel had been torpedoed off the Atlantic Coast. The name of the ship was not given and the Navy did not make public here any detail of the torpedoing. Thyssen Steelworks Bombed And Fires Started by R. A. F. 6> the Associated Press. LONDON, March 20 —The Thys sen steelworks were bombed by a small number of planes during the R. A. F. raid on the Ruhr Valley's industrial centers on March 9. the Air Ministry news service disclosed today. Large fires were started in the plant, one of the most important in the Ruhr Valley. It has its own power station. •'There can be little doubt that substantial damage was done," re ported the news service on the basis of photographs taken during the attack. Tons of high explosive bombs were dropped in the midst of blazes touched off by the first planes to fly over the plant. One photograph showed one of the heaviest-type bombs bursting within a ring of flames that sent up a dense cloud of smoke Other photographs taken during the attack on Cologne. Rhineland communications center, showed fires burning in "many parts.of the city,” the news service said, as well as among factories, oil tanks and rail wav yards outside the city proper. The photogiaphs indicated the ad ministrative center of Cologne also was hit hard. Tirpitz, Scheer, Prinz Eugen Now Reported at Trondheim By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. March 20.—The British radio said today it had been learned the German battleship Tir pitz returned to Trondheim. Norway. following the recent attack on her off the Norwegian coast by torpedo planes of the Royal -Navy's air arm. The B. B. C. broadcast, heard here bv C. B. S. said further that the 10 000-ton pocket battleship Admiral Schecr and the cruiser Prinz Eugen, which dashed through the Channel from Brest, also were at Trondheim. The Prinz Eugen, it added, is known to be damaged. ■ Thus about half the effectives of the German Navy are at present at Trondheim,” the broadcast asserted. Virginia Resorts Are Ordered To Put Out Lights Facing Sea By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Va.. March 20.—Gov. Darden issued an executive order today directing Virginia Beach and olher seashore resorts to eliminate lights that shine seaward and also to restrict the operation of auto mobiles with undimmed lights in the beach areas. Covered by the order are Virginia Beach, Ocean View. Yorktown. Ches apeake Beach. Willoughby Beach, Buckroe Beach. Cape Charles, Chin coteague. the Lynnhaven inlet area and “intervening vicinities." Penalty for violation of the order Is a fine of up to $1,000 and a jail sentence of not more than 30 days. The order prescribes only that no lights shall be visible seaward. Signs such as those atop hotels and cottages would be eliminated and shop windows facing the sea would be dimmed. Automobiles using the streets would be forced to move with dimmed lights, and hotels and ocean front cottages which would have to black out all windows and doorways on the side facing the sea. Principal reason for the dim-out is to eliminate the illuminated back ground that might serve to silhoutte ships at sea for enemy raiders. The order was issued under au thority of the Civilian Defense Act passed by the 1942 Legislature. Mioland Heads Field Of 11 in Coral Gables 'Cap B> U e Associated Press. MIAMI. Fla.. March 20.—Eleven thoroughbreds, headed by Mioland. Charles S. Howard's big bay from California, will run for the $7,500 added purse tomorrow in the Coral Gables Handicap at Tropical Park. Woodvale Farms’ Our Boots and Circle M Ranch's Get Off were in stalled early as co-favorities. Other entries: Mrs. J. Eitinger's Sir Marlboro, Joe W. Brown’s Min nelusa, Woolford Farm's Signator and Inscoland. C. E. Nelson's Ala king, J. W. Dial's Llanero, B. F. Whitaker's Eternal Peace and Louis i Tufano's Choppy Sea. Inquiry Asked In Drive to Kill 40-Hour Week Green Makes Demand; Navy Chief Charges War Output Is Hurt (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) By the Associated Press. President William Green of the A. F. L. today asked a con gressional investigation of what he termed the campaign in Okla homa for repeal by Congress of the 40-hour-week law and for legislation imposing other war time restrictions on labor. Both Mr. Green and President Philip Murray of the C. I. O. told the Senate Appropriations Subcom mittee investigating war production that labor was whole-heartedly be hind the war effort, and that re strictive legislation now might im pede production gains. Mr. Green testified that Okla homa •'schoolchildren were asked to surrender lunch money to send tele grams to Senator Lee." Democrat, of Oklahoma asking action on anti labor legislation. No Investigation Planned. Mr. Murray told reporters he had supplied the committee with a copy of a circular letter which he said had been sent out by Thomas J. Wallner of Nashville. Tenn., to Southern manufacturers, employers and editors, “asking them to join in the demand for repeal of the 40 i hour week" and for enactment of “other anti-labor legislation." The C. I. O. leader said he had asked an investigation of what he termed a "blitzkrieg on the part of labor baiters and enemies of our Government.” Chairman Thomas of the subcom mittee. however, said this group planned no investigation either of Mr. Murray’s charges or of Mr. Greene's Mr. Murray testified that labor already had promised the President to “forgo the instrument of strike” during the war period "and now to the Congress and the Nation we re peat that pledge." Charges Denied. Both labor leaders denied that I the 40-hour week provision was impeding production or increasing war costs. Both insisted that strikes had not interfered with war pro duction since Pearl Harbor. "The charge that strikes are im peding the war production is a gross slander upon the patriotism of American workers." Mr. Murray said. • * * "We cannot in this country reach a maximum productive effort by the methods of Hitler, by enslav ing our working people." But. at almost the same time. As ; sistant Secretary of the Navy Ralph ] Bard told the House Naval Affairs Committee that Congress should es i tablish a national labor policy unless No Money Received For Campaign, Says Oklahoma Publisher By the Associated Press. OKLAHOMA CITY, March 20.—The Oklahoma City Times, in an editor's note above a Washington story stating that William Green had asked a con gressional investigation of what he termed the Oklahoma cam paign for repeal of the 4C-hour week, said today: “The Oklahoma Publishing Co. has received no money for initiating or conducting the editorial effort it has made to cause Congress to remove pres ent restrictions on production of war materials. No one sug gested to the editor that such a campaign be launched.” it was done voluntarily at "the ear liest possible moment," and said "con troversy” over the closed shop had impeded production in some in stances. He was testifying on the Smith bill to abrogate closed shop contracts in plants with Navy and Army contracts, and suspend the i maximum hours laws in them. Mr. Bard described double pay for Sunday and holidays as "inde fensible” and said he hoped that "within 30 days” the question of paying double time would be settled. ! He said the 40-hour week had not | handicapped Navy production and ! that some employes were working 48, 52 and 60 hours a week. He opposed the suspension of the 40 hour week, saying "there must be a ceiling on hours.” Losses by Strikes Reported. Mr. Bard reported to the com mittee that a total of 67,500 man hours had been lost through strikes | (See LABOR, Page- 200 I - Shift to Send Maritime Workers to Three Cities (Early Story on Page B-l.) By the Associated Press. I Representative Boggs. Democrat, j of Louisiana said today he had been I advised that the Maritime Commis sion had decided to transfer a part of its construction and designing division to New Orleans. Mr. Boggs said he was informed that decentralization of this division also would send some employes to San Francisco and New York. He said a formal announcement was expected soon from the commission. The move would be made soon, Mr. Boggs said, and would send from 200 to 300 employes, including engineers, draftsmen, designers, stenographers and clerks to New Orleans where available office space had been sur veyed. DAILY SESSION—These United States Army gunners are shoot ing a dummy shell at imagined aircraft during one of their daily drills at a coastal station in Puerto Rico. Uncle Sam is taking utmost precautions in these Caribbean outposts guard ing the Panama Canal to insure complete defense against any enemy. The men keep in trim by practicing each day under regular firing conditions. Photo released today by the Army Signal Corps. U. 5. Sure to Win War, Says Roosevelt; Sets Army Day April 6 President Urges Nation To Join in Tribute To Service Men President Roosevelt assured the Nation this afternoon that we shall win this war. "as we have won every war we have fought.” The Chief Executive's words of determination and comfort were contained in a formal statement ! urging the people to observe Army Day April fi as "a total war day” when all citizens in civil pursuits can rally to a full support of the armed forces. A proclamation call ing for the observance was issued by the President this morning. “Never before in the 166 years of our history as a free republic under God have our armed forces had so much meaning for us all.” the com mander in chief said. "We are en gaged in our greatest war. a war that will leave none of our lives wholly untouched.” Army's Might Praised. After expressing his confidence that once again American might will be victorious, the President ob served that "our Army is a mighty arm of the tree of liberty * • * a living part of the American tra dition. a tradition that goes back to Israel Putnam, who left his plow in a New England furrow to take up a gun and fight at Bunker Hill. "In this tradition American men of many ages have always left the pacific round of their usual occu pations to fight in causes that were worth their lives—from Lexington to the Argonne.” All Services Honored. Remarking that this Nation does not maintain a great standing Army that might "terrorize our neighbors and oppress our people” and that we do not like to rehearse interminably the cruel art of war,” Mr. Roosevelt closed with a reiteration that the peaceful citizens of the land for ever have been ready to forge and to use the weapons necessary for their defense. In announcing the date of the Army Day observances, the Presi dent said that as in the case of Navy Day last fall, all of the Nation's armed services would be accorded special recognition. Late Races Earlier Results, Rossvan's, Other Slections and Entries for Tomorrow on Pace 2X. Tropical Park SIXTH RACE—Purse. $1,200; allow : ances: 4-year-olds and upward; 6 fur : longs. ! Speed to Spare iMeade) 5.50 3.80 2.TO Scotch Trap (Haskell) 4.00 2 $0 1 Hy-Cop (Strickler) 3.10 i Time. 1:10V Also ran—Le chat, Lassator. Cash Basis and Wise Niece. SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $1,000. claim ing; 4-year-olds and upward: 1 1-18 miles. Key Man (Young) T.50 4.TO 3.40 Wicked (Clark) 12.50 8.00 Gay American (Meadei 4.20 Time. 1:47. Also ran—Toms Ladd. Flank. County Sneezy. Doorbell. Breeze. Askaris, Way ! riel. Firing Fin. Oaklawn Park FOURTH RACE—Furse. $700: claim ing: 4-year-old- and upward: 8 furlongs. Argella (Guerin) 12.00 8.50 4.80 Uncla Walter (Brooks) 4.80 3.00 Flying Bonny (Longden) 3.30 Time. 1:11. Also ran—Light Tide. Cinesar. The Nizam. Kiosk. Marching Feet and Heath town. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK. March 20 VP).— Stocks easy: slow decline con tinues. Bonds steady: some rails improve. Cotton lower; com mission house selling. Dr. Evatt, Australian Minister, | Asks Pacific War Council Here Visitor Silent on Appointment Of Casey to Cabinet Post in Cairo (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) By BLAIR BOLLES. Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australian Minister for External Affairs, told a press conference today that he intended to urge on the American Government immediate establishment here of a Pacific council for the political supervision of the war in the Southwest Pacific, on which the governments of Australia, New Zealand and the United States would be equally represented. Indicating dissatisfaction with the*' present mode of political co-ordina tion of the war in the Pacific, Dr Evatt intimated he thought this council should sit in Washington, because, he pointed out, it is closer to the scene of Pacific battles than London. The Australian visitor also urged full representation for his country and New Zealand on the joint staff military council which now sits in Washington with English and American representatives. Confers With Roosevelt. The Pacific council which now sits in London has only British Empire representatives and is dominated by the United Kingdom government. The question of a Pacific Coun cil in Washington has been pressed since Japan entered the war. and it has been an issue disturbing the even tenor of relations between the United Nations governments. Dr. Evatt, who greeted the press at the Australian Legation, saw President Roosevelt at the White House earlier in the day. and it is presumed that he outlined his wishes for closer political co-operation to the Chief Executive. He expects to see Mr. Roosevelt again. The visitor refused to make any (See EVATT, Page 2-X.) Commission Objects To Mall Dormitories On Three Counts Planners Will Urge President to Pick Some Of 40 Other Sites (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Federal planners late today found three objections to Presi dent Roosevelt’s plan for erecting dormitories in the center of the Mall and announced they would offer him several suggestions for other usable sites. The question came before the Na tional Capital Park and Planning Commission toward the close of its monthly session. It is probable rec ommendations wTill be made to the President by letter. J C. Nichols, member of the com mission. has some 40 sites in the Washington area for possible use for war housing and offices. One of these, which the commis sion believes more suitable than the Mall for the kind of dormitories Mr. Roosevelt wishes, is in the Arlington (Va.) area between the new War Department Building and the Na tional Cemetery. Another site in the general vicinity would be the larger area of the old Arlington Farms. The planners found these objec tions to the use of the Mall for housing a large number: 1. Inadequacy of the space pro vided by the center panel, which would net no more than 10 acres of land. 2. Danger to occupants of inflam mable buildings in event of air raids on the Capital. 1 3. The Mall was said to be one | of the hottest spots in Washington i during the summer. On general principles the Park i and Planning Commission has always been opposed to converting any area of the Mall for other than | park purposes, despite the fact that the Government already has built on many locations in • the parks south of Constitution avenue. School Head Dies PITTSBURGH, March 20 OP).— Dr. Ben G. Graham, 61, superin tendent of Pittsburgh public schools for 12 years and former president of the American Association of School Administrators, died today Phils Nose Out Nats, 2 to 0, in 8th After Scoreless Struggle Carrasquel Losing Pitcher; Hudson Gives 2 Hits in 5 Frames Totals: Nationals _0 8 2 Phillies .2 7 1 By BURTON HAWKINS, Star Staff Correspondent. MIAMI BEACH, Fla., March 20. —The Phils mustered two runs off Alejandro Carrasquel in the eighth inning here today to de feat the Nats, 2-0. behind the eight-hit pitching of Si Johnson and Cy Blanton. It was Wash ington’s third loss In 11 exhibi tion games. Limited to three hits in seven in nings by Sid Hudson and Carras quel, the Phils pounced on Car rasquel for three singles and a dou ble in the eighth. Hudson permit ted only two hits in his five-inning test. FIRST INNING. NATIONALS—Case singled to left. Spence fouled to Northey. Case took second as Campbell grounded out to Etten. Bragan threw out Vernon. PHILLIES—Benjamin doubled to left. Glossop fouled to Case. Lit whiler fouled to Vernon. Etten grounded out to Vernon. SECOND INNING. NATIONALS—Early lined a single to center. Galle's smash caromed (See BASEBALL. Page 2-X.) Jewelry Shop Robbed Of $150,000 Gems ! By the Associated Press. j ST. PETERSBURG, Fla., March 20.—Diamonds valued by he owners at $150,000 were stolen last night from Stewart’s. Inc., an exclusive jewelry and art shop. Detective Capt. John Siers announced today. Capt. Siers said employes coming to work this morning found the safe j doors open and a warning signal device disconnected. The officer said the thief apparently gained entrance by unlocking the front door, used the combination to open the safe and left by the rear door, locking it as he left. Guthrie Case Inquiry May Lead to Wider W. P. 6. Investigation House Group to Question Other High Officials, Possibly Nelson By the Associated Press. A congressional investigation of the circumstances of the res ignation of Robert R. Guthrie as head of the Textile, Clothing and Leather Goods Section of the War Production Board seemed headed today toward extension into broader fields. Chairman Faddis of the House Military Affairs Subcommittee studying the Guthrie case an nounced after Mr. Guthrie had finished testifying that he would hear testimony from industrial lead ers and probably would call as wit nesses many W. P B. officials, pos sibly including Donald M. Nelson. W. P. B. director. Mr. Guthrie, who concluded his second day of testimony with charges of failure to plan for supplies of textiles to meet the war emergency, told the committee "numerous sub stantial businessmen" had requested that they be allowed to testify in support of allegations he has made against W. P. B. activities. Admits Inexperience. Mr. Guthrie told the subcommit tee today he had no previous ex perience in textile manufacturing. “I made no application for this job.” he testified. “I was asked to do it" by a deputy of Mr. Nelson. The committee, investigating cir cumstance* of the Guthrie resigna tion. inquired searchingly into his qualifications for the position he had held since August 1. At one point. Representative Thomas, Republican, of New Jersey, asked the witness whether "any one over there knows less than you do about these things.” Mr. Guthrie did not reply. In January of this year, Mr. Guth rie said, he was made assistant chief of the Bureau of Industry Branches, at the request of Philip Reed, chief of,the bureau. The promotion, he said he was told, resulted from his “outstanding work” in organizing the textile section. He emphasized he had "no pull of any sort.’’ Mr. Guthrie asserted the "whole cotton effort is not planned,’’ in W. P. A., and “neither the Army nor the Navy can get anything like the amount" of duck they need. He blamed duck manufacturers largely for resistance to his plan to convert the carpet industry to duck manu facture. Simpler Procedure Urged. "It is my opinion that the duck manufacturers don’t want the car pet manufacturers to enter the duck field." Mr. Guthrie said. Mr. Guthrie complained of in ability of W. P. B. officials, espe cially in his section, to obtain neces sary information on the armed forces’ textile needs, and said an Army Air Corps officer would not disclose the probable needs of silk and nylon for parachutes. This in ability to obtain information, he »said, made it extremely difficult to work out a planned program. Asked by Mr. Faddis if “too much red tape" retarded action in W. P. B„ Mr. Guthrie replied: (See GUTHRIE, Page 2-X.) GUIDE FOR READERS Page. | Amusements. C-7 Comics _._D-6-7 Editorials _A-10 Editorial Articles . A-ll Finance . A-20 Lost, Found, A-3 Legal Notices_D-5 % Page. Obituary _.A-12 Radio _D-S Society _B-3 Sports_D-l-2 Where to Go .B-19 Woman* Page .C-6 Germans Admit Break-Through Near Orel Russian-Japanese Fishing Agreement Reported Renewed (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) The Vichy radio today broad cast a report that Soviet forces have entered Starava Russa, northwestern anchor of the Ger man winter line, where 96,000 Germans of Hitler’s 16th Army long have been trapped, the As sociated Press stated in a dis patch from London. This news closelv followed Ger man broadcasts acknowledging that heavy Russian attacks in the last few days northeast of Orel, south and west of Moscow, had carried through the German lines. Berlin reported that one village was cap tured but said the defenders were able to reorganize their defense lines. Garrison Captured. Earlier, Moscow said Red Army troops had wrested an important defense center from the Germans in the Starava Russa sector and captured the garrison commander and 15 other survivors. Tass news agency said captured documents showed the 16th Army men were exhausted and forced to live on a limited ration of lentil pottage. Meanwhile, from Kuibyshev. Rus sia. came news by Exchange Tele graph that Russia has renewed for one year her agreement with Japan to permit fishing in the waters off Siberia. Negotiations on this ques tion have been regarded as a gauge of Russian-Japanese relations Re fusal to renew the agreement, which expired December 31. would have been a severe blow to Japan. Action Follows Sato's Arrival. The agreement was reported signed at Kuibyshev by Andrei J. Vishinskv. Soviet vice commissar of foreign affairs, and Lt. Gen. Yosh itsugu Tatekawa, the retiring Jap anese Ambassador to Moscow. The action came just two days after Naotake Sato had arrived in Kuibyshev to replace Tatekawa. who resigned, an official Tokio announce ment said, because of ''ill health.” Until his appointment Sato was a foreign officer adviser in Tokio. Turf Leaders Form Unit To Help War Program By the Associated Pres*. CHICAGO, March 20.—Horse rac ing sportsmen formed the Turf Com mittee of America today to fit racing into the war picture and guide its course as a contributor to national morale. Herbert Bayard Swope of the New York Racing Commission was ap pointed chairman of the committee to serve with Maj. L. A. Beard of Lexington, representing the National Breeders' Committee: William Wood ward. chairman of the Jockey Club: John C. Clark of Hialeah and Harry Parr, III, of Pimlico. They were empowered to represent racing interests for the next three years and became the first group to act on a national basis for most of the major race tracks in the United States. Mystery Flares at Sea Checked on West Coast By the Associated Press. SEATTLE. March 20.—Reports of mysterious flares at. sea and on shore are coming in continuously at 13th Naval District headquarters here. In a statement concerning the re ports. the Navy today asked private citizens who see such flares or sig nal lights to note particularly their pattern, color and apparent distance and report them immediately to the nearest military authority. “Surface and air patrol offshore has been continuing with vigilance,” the statement continued, “and no enemy contacts had been made to the date of the report's release.” The statement branded as false reports of damaged ships in this area. "Certain vessels rumored as head ing for the navy yard for repair of damage were in reality vessels com ing into the harbor for unloading or for supplies,” it said. One Killed, Four Hurt In Maryland Crash By the Associated Press. GOLDSBORO, Md.. March 20.—A woman was killed and four persons injured in the crash of a train and an automobile at a crossing here today. Fatally injured was Mrs. Lida Steele, 31. driver of the car. She was en route to Dover. Del., to get an Easter outfit for her daughter, Miriam, 8. The little girl, her grandfather and grandmother. Mr. and Mrs. Alcade Urry, and their son, Milton, were injured. Alcade Urry suffered four broken ribs; the others, minor injuries. All are residents of Golds boro. The gasoline-powered Pennsyl vania passenger train, southbound, was halted by the impact, which occurred at a crossing obscured by a filling station, and was unable to proceed. Another train was dis patched to haul it away.