fl)C Pieratig gslaf
With Sunday Morning Edition.
THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
SATURDAY_March 21, 1942
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herein also art reserved.
Donald M. Nelson's reported In
dorsement of Incentive payments, or
bonuses, as an effective means of
doing away with "slow downs” in war
plants has a singularly unfortunate
In the first place, it is a proposal
which would be resented by all loyal
war workers. The slow down is a
sort of modified strike in which the
participant, while not actually leav
ing his job. contrives by various ex
pedients to produce less than his
normal output. Another way of
describing it would be to say that the
partetpant. in a slow down is a slacker
on the Industrial front. Admiral
Land, chairman of the Maritime
Commission, is reported to have said
that slow downs in some instances
havp developed into "serious” situa
tions. Nevertheless, it Is Impossible
to believe that American workers as
a class would lend themselves to any
such disloyal technique.
Most workmen, like most employers,
havp no need of incentive payments
or bonuses to realize that we must
win this war, and that in order to
win it we must make the greatest
possible use of every hour of produc
tion time that is given to us. Pos
Fibly there would be merit in a plan
for some sort of special award or
special bonus for the loyal workers
who, over and above their normal,
conscientious day’s work, are able to
make some special contribution to
the production end of the war effort.
But there is little reason to believe
that an industrial slacker could be
converted into a loyal worker by
offering him a few dollars in the form
of an incentive payment.
If a man lacks the incentive to give
unstinted service to his country
under conditions as they exist today,
the deficiencies in his make-up can
not be compensated for with money.
This is amply demonstrated by our
unhappy experiences in the past with
efforts to secure suitable men for
combat service by payment of cash
bonuses. All of these attempts were
failures, and there is no reason to
hope for better results now on the
industrial front. The plan for in
centive payments to "slow downers”
is one that had best be forgotten. If
therp are to be any such payments,
let them go to the workers already j
giving a full measure of service.
Money for Books
There can be no question about the
need for the practice of strict econ- |
omy with respect to luxuries and
comforts which can be spared in the
emergency which currently confronts
the people of the United States. It
has been made plain that the war
cannot be won without sacrifices.
But it does not follow that the cul
tural standards of the Nation must
be permitted to decline or that help
ful institutions of public education
must be allowed to languish. The
democratic civilization for which
American boys are fighting includes,
for example, the Library of Congress
—the greatest bibliographic estabr
lishment in the world—now threat
ened by a policy of retrenchment
which conceivably might cripple its
work for generations to come.
Action taken by the House of Rep
resentatives has cut from the Li
brary's 1943 budget approximately
$123,000. This sum had been re
quested by the Librarian, Archibald
MacLeish, for the “general increase”
of the facilities over which he pre
sides. He had explained: “The
Library * * * is used as a source of
research * * * by practically every
defense agency of the Government,
and the result has been an enor
mously increased demand upon it.”
The same authority also has re
ported: “The times have imposed
new responsibilities upon us. * * •
These have taken varying forms and
have served varying purposes, but
from them has sprung a new realiza
tion of the importance of research
in the conduct of government and
the direction of international af
It further is worthy or mention
that: “The war is producing a lit
erature, historical, scientific, social
and technological, which is of great
concern to our people at this mo
ment. It is not only producing a
literature, but the war is destroying
literature. In the fire raid of London
• * * it is estimated that between
five and six million volumes of pub
lishers’ stock were destroyed. We
have heard that seven of the largest
antiquarian book dealers in England
have been wiped out. We are there
fore under the urgency to get ma
terial and get it through.”
Comparatively, the amount of
money required to permit the Library
to maintain its custom of buying
such publications as are of service to
members of Congress, executive and
Judicial branches of the Government
and scholars in general Is very small..
If it were to be denied, nothing but
the ordinary run of periodicals and a
few books in serial editions could be
bought. The loss would be irrepar
able. Surely, there must be a reason
able way to prevent it.
Issues—True and False
The charge by various officials that
the public has been misinformed re
garding the effect of the forty-hour
week and that the press is partly
responsible for this state of affairs
does not bear up well under close
Last Tuesday, for example, the
President, authorizing direct quota
tion, said there was an “amazing
state of misinformation” on this
question. He placed the blame on
the newspapers and irresponsible
speeches in Congress. More recently,
L. Metcalfe Walling, head of the
Wage and Hour Division, said that
“some of our editorial writers” would
have the public believe that we are
trying to fight the war on a forty
Since neither critic referred spe
cifically to any offending newspaper
or editorial Writer, it is impossible, of
course, to make any categorical
denial of the accusations. But it can
be said with confidence that news
papers on the whole have not mis
represented this question. On the
contrary, the difficulty arises from
the fact that champions of the
forty-hour week, like Mr. Walling,
have shifted their ground and are
attempting to direct their arguments
to a new issue, one which is wholly
different from that originally raised
by those who disagree with them.
Without regard to the question
whether the forty-hour week, under
existing circumstances, should or
should not be continued, the indis
putable fact is that the primary
purpose of the statute is to discour
age and penalize work in excess of
forty hours a week. It is quite true,
as Mr. Walling,says, that the work
week in most war plants is in excess
of forty hours, but what he neglects
to bring out is the fact that this is
being done by nullifying the plain
intent and effect of the statute.
Thus, the real question is whether a
law frankly intended to discourage
work in excess of forty hours should
be retained and defended when a
longer work week has become a na
tional necessity. To argue that a
longer work week can be introduced
in spite of the law is simply to dodge
the true issue.
Mr. Walling himself Ls the best au- !
thority as to the real purpose of the :
statute, and this real purpose readily
may be ascertained by examining the
brief bearing his name which has
been submitted to the Supreme Court
in the so-called Belo case, involving
the validity of the wage and hour
law. The following excerpts are
“But the (Wage and Hour) Act
shows on its face that Section 7 was
directed to maximum hours. The
legislative history is exceedingly
clear that Congress was concerned
with hours as well as with wages
and that the ‘time and a half’ re
quirement of Section 7 was intended
to discourage overtime work by re
quiring the employer to pay extra
compensation therefor regardless of
the magnitude of the employe’s regu
lar rate of pay • * *. By requiring
overtime compensation at 150 per
cent of the regular rate, Congress
plainly intended to discourage hours
of work in excess of the stated
maxima * * *. This intent is clear
both on the face of the act and from
its legislative history * • *. Such ad
ditional compensation at 150 per
cent of the regular rate was intended
as a sanction to enforce the statutory
prohibition of employment beyond
the maximum number of hours.”
In the light of this language from
Mr. Walling's brief there can be no
doubt as to the intent and probable
effect of the act. Yet he and other
administration officials defend the
statute and urge that it be retained,
although they necessarily concede
and actually cite as an argument in
support of their position the fact
that it is not having its intended
effect—that, in fact, its intent is
being nullified in war industries.
The truth, of course, is that the
forty-hour limitation—the plain in
tent of Congress—is being nullified
by the payment of time and a half
for overtime. But the penalty is not
being paid by the employers, as in
tended by the act. Instead, it is
being paid by the public. If this,
under the circumstances, is necessary
and proper, all well and good, but
officials who avoid discussion of this
basic fact have little reason to accuse
the press of misrepresenting the
In opposing President Roosevelt’s
suggestion that the Mall be taken
over as a site for barrack-like dormi
tories for war workers, the National
Capital Park and Planning Commis
sion has presented reasons that are
sound and persuasive. In the first
place, commission officials pointed
out, the problem of finding a site for
such temporary housing has not yet
reached so critical a stage that only
the Mall is left for consideration—
and Mr. Roosevelt has said he would
be willing to have the dormitories
placed somewhere else If suitable
ground could be found. According to
the commission, there are numerous
potential sites available in or close
to Washington, outstanding among
which is the old Arlington Canton
ment, near the Virginia end of the
Memorial Bridge. This cantonment
has been abandoned by the Army
and would seem to have real possi
bilities as a site for Government
housing of temporary type. It has
the special advantage of being close
to the new War and Navy Buildings
in Arlington. In fact, the commission
belipves that the present buildings
could be used to test the feasibility
of barrack-type dormitories for Fed
In addition to the obvious dis
advantage of destroying a park proj
ect developed at a cost of a million
dollars, the proposal to use the Mall
for the dormitories involves other
objections. A commission member
said that only ten acres of the Mall
area could be used for building pur
poses, that concentration of living
quarters in such a central spot would
expose occupants to serious bombing
hazards in event of air raids on
downtown Washington, and that in
summer the flimsy dormitories, sur
rounded by asphalt and unprotected
by shade, would be almost unbear
ably hot. These are cogent argu
ments that deserve to be weighed
carefully before a Anal decision is
reached on the Mall housing project.
Well-authenticated dispatches from
neutral European “listening posts”
indicate that Adolf Hitler is recalling
many, if not most, of the high
ranking generals he dismissed early
last winter from their posts on the
Eastern front. These reinstatements
are headed by none other than Field
Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch,
whom Hitler personally supplanted
as commander in chief last Decem
ber, coupling this action with the
sensational statement that he was
thenceforth to be guided by his “in
tuition.” That strange pronounce
ment has given rise t« endless specu
lation, and the Fuehrer’s present
about face should stimulate much
new speculative comment.
The prevailing idea has been that
Hitler fell out with his generals be
cause they objected to the last
desperate German drive on Moscow,
which cost so dearly. That maneuver
generally has been thought to have
been Hitler's conception, induced by
political motives against sound stra
tegic considerations, which counseled
an extensive retirement to prepared
defenses with proper communica
tions for winter shelter and supply.
This theory is supported by the un
doubted fact that the German
armies in Russia have been gravely
handicapped by lack of warm cloth
ing and other things which show
they were not prepared for active
winter campaigning. That they have
come through the winter without
suffering a disaster comparable to |
Napoleon's grand army is attribut- j
able largely to iron discipline and
a system of “hedgehog defense,” con
sisting of a series of fortified strong
points which cushioned and canalized
the relentless assaults of the Red
forces. Nevertheless, the price has
been a heavy one, and it is by no
means certain that the Wehrmacht
may not have been crippled in ad
vance for its anticipated summer
A few military commentators have !
suggested a somewhat different ex
planation of last winter's shifts in
the German high command. Accord
ing to this theory, the dismissed
generals were all "offensive” spec
ialists. So, when the offensive broke
down, generals with peculiarly de
fensive attributes were needed to
carry the Wehrmacht through the
winter ordeal. That would accord |
with the highly specialized nature of
the German war machine, and would
likewise account for the reinstate
ment of last year's generals, now that
a renewed offensive is becoming
Certain personal aspects of the
affair are also open to dispute.
Though Von Brauchitsch is a mem
ber of the Junker military caste, he
had acquired the dubious reputation
of being a “political general,” more
pliable to Nazi pressure than his se
verely professional colleagues. If this
be true, his retirement last December
may have been due less to a quarrel
with Hitler than to the necessity of
finding a scapegoat to cover the
failure before Moscow. The wily
Fuehrer has never hesitated to sac
rifice any one for personal or party
However, this would not apply in
the same measure to the two gen
erals next in prominence among
those superseded and now recalled.
These are Generals Von Rundstedt
and Von Bock. Both are ultrapro
fessional soldiers of the strictest
Prussian type. This redoubtable pair
might very well have stood up to
Hitler if he did. in fact, personally
order a winter offensive against their
best judgment. If, despite this, they
have now been recalled to their
commands, it would tend to suggest
the inadequacy of "intuition” as a
military guide, and to show the com
pelling need for their talents. And,
since they are offensive specialists,
this would be further evidence that
an all-out drive on the Eastern front
actually is in preparation.
If what Western mining engineers
are claiming proves true, how the
Nevada of the days of Mark Twain
and Bret Harte will have changed.
"Sweep that silver to one side, Bill;
I believe I can see a trace of tin."
Along about 1921 some one wise
cracked: “A knee is a joint, and not
an entertainment.” It is wondered
what phrase he would use today to
describe the—O, well, if he could see
A big-hearted cop down in Ten
nessee has equipped his wheel with
a big basket in which to trundle
drunks home. Would that be "a
bicycle built for stew”?
Of Stars, Men
Notebook of Science Progress
In Laboratory, Field
By Thomas R. Henry.
Government chemist* In the past, two
months have developed what is believed
to be the most adequate defense against
But when they proposed to conduct
critical tests of the device a few weeks
ago they learned that a scrap of paper
probably blocked the way.
This is patent No. 2,232,695, issued in
1941 to George Harald Dunston, Wolf
gang M. Herrman, Max R. Land and
Werner Blyberg of London.
The same patent was issued by the
British government in 1938, before there
was any conception of the importance
of fire bomb defense. Apparently the
device, which is relatively simple, never
has been made use of in England.
Thus from one point of view a scrap
of paper stands between the American
public and what the chemists consider
a valuable defense weapon.
From the viewpoint, of patent office
officials, however, this Is unjust since,
they hold, the publication of 1he patent
made the information available to the
American people anyway, and it was a
pure coincidence that Government scien
tists hit on the same thing.
The device is simply a 50-50 mixture
of some fusible material in powdered
form, preferably tar or resin, with any
non-fusible inorganic material such as
sand. The material recommended by
the inventors is powdered slate. The
sand or slate would prevent the powdered
Ur from melting and becoming a sticky
mess at ordinary temperatures. It also
would prevent it from catching Are
easily and would take up some of the
heat from the magnesium.
The patent, officials at the Patent
Office explain, could not stand in the
way of the Government itself.
Under the law the Government could
order any amount it wanted manufac
tured by anybody and make a reasonable
settlement with the inventors later. No
injunction proceedings can be brought.
The Army or the Navy also are author
ized to purchase any patent rights and.
if the patentee refuses to sell, proceed
to let its contracts.
This particular device, however, would
have a limited use for purely military
or naval purposes and would chiefly be
valuable for civilian defense. An in
dividual would not be entitled to make
any of the mixture, even for his own
protection and to be rendered available it
probably would have to be manufactured
under Government order and distributed
through Government agencies.
According to one source of informa
tion. the patent is extremely broad and
apparently would be violated by the mix
ture of any fusible organic material with
any non-fusible inorganic material. So
far as known, the English inventors have
not been approached. The device may
simply have been overlooked in Great
Instructions usually given air-raid
wardens and fire-fighting units all over
the United States are that pails of sand
should be kept handy to be shoveled on
a fire bomb as quickly as possible. This,
however, does not put out the fire. It
simply localizes It so that It will burn
out where it lands, or make it possible
to pick it up with a shovel and get it
away from any other inflammable ma
Instructions are to avoid spraying the
bomb with water. The burning magnes
ium simply unites with the oxygen in
the water and makes a hotter fire. As
a result millions of pails of sand are
distributed through office buildings, fac
tories and apartment houses.
The advantage of the powdered tar
or resin Is that a shovelful thrown over
a burning bomb melts quickly in the
intense heat and forms an airproof
blanket over the whole mass. Deprived
of oxygen, the fire is extinguished al
A few months ago something very
similar was announced by the United
States Bureau of Mines. It proposed
using only flaked pitch, which would not
violate the patent since nothing was
mixed with It. It was of a type, how
ever, which melted only at a fairly high
temperature. Otherwise it hardly could
be kept in flaked form. In an emergency
there might be only a sticky mass which
could not be shoveled.
The powdered slate or sand would ef
fectively prevent such fusing, except at
very high temperatures—far above those
to be encountered in any building.
Powdered slate in particular, the In
ventors say in their patent application,
has an enormous capacity for taking up
heat, thus reducing the heat of the fire
It is noteworthy that the patent ‘‘soft
pedals'- the possible military utility. It
stresses the value of the mixture in fac
tories where magnesium or aluminum is
being machined and where fires may
break out as a result of friction with
grinding or cutting wheels.
The cost of such a mixture, Govern
ment scientists have estimated, would
be about a cent a pound.
But apparently no private individual
can make any of it—as the case now
Expresses Approval of Articles
On Schools and Physical Fitness.
To the Editor ot The St»r:
I should like to offer you my congratu
lations on the fine series of articles in
your paper on the health and physical
education program in the schools of
Washington. If our people are to be
physically fit, the remedial and preven
tive program must start in early youth.
American Association for Health, Phy
sical Education and Recreation.
Submits a Fable
To the Editor of The 8t»r:
Years ago, before automobiles and
roads were as good as they are today, a
car was stuck on a hill. TO move It to
the top a team of horses was secured,
but they were frightened and nervous,
so would not pull together. In' the mean
time a crowd had collected. Finally a
man said, "Come on, boys, let’s help the
When the men put their shoulders to
the wheels the horses started to pull
and the car made the grade.
If our leaders will pull together and
we, the people, push with all our might,
we can win the war, but we will lose
It if we merely stand back and yell at
the horses. CLARA F. PIERCE.
THIS AND THAT
By Charles E. Tracewell.
"CHEVY CHASE, Md.
“I have had the same experience that
you have had with pigeons visiting my
bird feeding stations. At first I just had
a few, then day by day they grew in
numbers, until at last I had 20 of them.
"These pigeons not only run up my
feed bills, but they are considerable of
a nuisance 'from all standpoints. I wish
there was some reliable way to get rid
of them without hurting them. I do
not wp.nt to shoot them, but at times I
have been tempted to. As far aS I can
see, they belong to nobody, and hence
are hungry, but why should I have to
bear the burden of feeding them?
"This is one of the real nuisances of
bird feeding. Another one, I think, is
the way the birds kill out the grass
around a feeder. It is amazing to me,
that Ihey could kill out the grass over
such a wide are?-. You have said that,
it will come back, but certainly it, will
not do so unless I take away thp feeder. ,
And it happens that I have no place
else to put it as good, and as well liked
by the smaller birds.
••I would appreciate any advice you
may have as to how to get rid of the
pigeons. At times I have thought I
would have to give up feeding, as I can
not continue to feed these pigeons.
"Very truly, L. M. K.."
* * * *
It is an unfortunate thing that wua
pigeons are such good spotter* of feeding
They seem to have some uncanny
ability at detecting any place where even
a few birds gather regularly to consume
the seed and grains put out by some
As soon as one pigeon finds the place,
the rest are sure to come. Probably
they watch his flight, and begin to in
vestigate him. after "he has gone in the
same direction for a few days. These
big birds normally live in flocks, and
keep together except at mating time.
The persistence of the pigeon has been
noted here upon several occasions. Once
it gets the taste of food at a given place,
it will hang around for weeks, without _
being discouraged by lack.
Faithfully it appears upon a roof or
Other high point, waiting for the food
which has been there, and which it evi
dently hopes will be there again.
* * * *
While somp specimens will fly bodily
into the feeding tray or trough, most of
them will not do this, but prefer to pick
up such seeds and grains as fall to the
This is their natural way of feeding,
and they prefer it upon all occasions.
So the problem of keeping pigeons out
of feeding stations is not large—the real .
problem comes in keeping them away al- j
together. No one begrudgps them food, ;
but the truth is that they run up the
feeding bill considerably. With the
squirrels, they more than double it. This,
it may be submitted, will be a matter ,
of no small moment, from now on.
Feeding the smp-ller birds need not
be expensive, but when pigeons and
squirrels are added, it is something else
again. Several squirrels in a yard, al
though they eat much sunflower seed,
are to be tolerated on account of the
amusement they afford most watchers.
We have known many persons who
fumed about the squirrels eating all the
sunflower seed, but in time these same
persons came to realize that the rodents
were real entertainers. They ended by
putting up with them. Just for the fun
of watching their antics. There are few
more amusing animals than these, and
not many creatures on four legs which
can share a joke with their human
friends. Squirrels are so full of spirit
and "pep” that they are a tonic to jaded
human tastes, so sophisticated that all
things seem boresome. The squirrels
will take you out of it, at least for the
* * * *
ThP best way we know to get. rid of
unwanted pigeons is to place the feeding
station in a mass of shrubbery.
Pigeons do not like to go beneath
shrubs, and seldom will do it, and even
then not for long. Since their method
of feeding is the gobble method, that is,
one grain after atwther. this cuts down
on their system so much that they sel
dom get enough to eat.
Since they are large birds, and need
large quantities of food, this means that
they will go away to some place where
they can find more.
They require room for the operation
rf>f their wings, in the take-off. That is
why they do not like to be in shrubbery.
And then, too, they are afraid of such
places, probably fearing a lurking rat.
Feeding stations on stakes sunk into
the ground by shrubs are attractive to
the smaller birds; at the same time they
will not lure the pigeons.
A small station on a steel stake painted
dark green will blend well with almost
Evergreens win no, oi course, t'en
flower borders 'offer a suitable place
where pigeons do not likp to come.
The effect of such a station, properly
placed. Is very good. It seems natural
enough for the small birds to fly in and
around shrubs and evergreens.
This placement also solves the problem
of the lawn in regard to bird feeding. It
is true enough that scores of small feet
will wear out a great patch of seemingly
dead grass in the winter.
But if the feeder is removed from that
position at this time, and placed
amid shrubbery, as suggested here, it
will permit the worn place to cover over,
and will give the bare patch time to get
into shape again.
This is a sample of the good applica
tion of the old proverb about killing two
birds with one stone. It is really too
bad that thp proverb rould not have
been cast in some other form. It comes
down from a day when throwing stones
at birds was accounted a rare sport.
Today we have bigger game.
Letters to the Editor
Discusses Danger of Hatred
In Present Crisis.
To th* Editor of Thr St»r:
Some well-meaning persons among us
think that we should be inspired to
furious hatred of our present enemies in
this war, to spur us to work and fight to
win to that end. Our enemies are being
accused of atrocities against their civil
and military prisoners.
But these accusations as vet are unsup
ported by credible witnesses, and, to the
credit of our Government, and organs of
pubhcity, Judgment on them has been
This judicial attitude is tne only proper
one in a democracy and is very wise in
view of the confusion of motives and
ambitions among the combatants.
The war is being supported in every
nation by forces and factions that are
mutually antagonistic. As the war furth
ers or imperils the interests of the fac
tions. so does their ardor for it wax or
Blind racial hatred is keeping the Irish
bases out of our hands and inspires the
Burmese to rise against their British
governors. If the Irish and Burmese
could cast out hatred, and think, they
would not work to deliver themselves to
Hitler and the Japanese.
Hate propaganda, "blared on the radio"
and fostered in the press—as your col
umnist, Helen Lombard would seem to
wish—would bring mob action against
Japanese residents here and reprisals
agpinst American prisoners of the Japa
nese. The horror of the war would be
accentuated; its winning would not be
We must remain judicial and critical.
We have delegated certain powers to
our Government and we will support our
Government whole-heartedly in the exe
cution. and stop at no sacrifice. Our vic
tory will arise not out of hatred, not out
of revenge and blood-lust, but, out of love
for America. That this is the wish of
the Administration and the attitude of
our organs of publicity is pvident from
the soft-pedaling of the hate motif in
the dreadful concert, of war.
Disagrees With Criticism
Of Closing of Van Ness Street.
To the Editor of Thf Star:
I have just read your editorial. “Martial
Law?” about the closing of Van Ness
street near the Bureau of Standards, and
am inclined to ask, “What’s all the shoot
ing for?” I gather the closing was done
as a military precaution, the same justi
fication as for the closing of East and
West Executive avenues, the guarding of
bridges and reservoirs and the blackout.
Doubtless many precautionary meas
ures will be taken that eventually will be
shown to have been unnecessary. But
does the fact that we do not know which
will, and which will not, have been nec
essary justify us in taking none of them?
There may well have been disputes
about Van Ness street when we were at
peace. Civil authorities may be justified
in feeling Ignored. I doubt, however, if
many citizens now will be inclined to
take up the cudgels because deprived of
a convenience they formerly enjoyed.
And I do not believe they all would agree
with you that “the reasons • • • are no
more compelling than they were • • •
several years ago.” Not since December 7.
Because of your influence as editor of
a widely read newspaper, you carry a
heavier responsibility than^oes the aver
age American citizen. Most of what you
Letters to the Editor must
bear the name and address of
the writer, although the use of
a pseudonym tor publication is
permissible. The Star reserves
the right to edit all letters with
a view to condensation.
write, as "Bonds and Psychology." is well
calculated to aid the war effort con
structively. I would feel better about our
chances of winning if you, and editors
and columnists throughout the country,
would concentrate on the main issue,
incite the people against the common
enemy, forget ruffled feelings and minor
inconveniences and let "squabbling as
usual" wait until the war is won.
Suggests Closing Schools Early
So That Children May Leave City.
To the Editor of The Star:
In view of what could happen to the
National Capital this spring p.nd sum
mer, I regard it the part of thought
fulness. good judgment and sound rea
soning to dispense with the Easter holi
days for local schools, and in addition,
class the schools at least two weeks
earlier than scheduled.
This would enable thousands of fam
ilies to get their children out of Wash
ington much earlier and. if possible,
keep them away until the middle of next
Back of that thought is the possibility
that such a plan might save the lives
of hundreds, if not thousands, of
children. C. B. R.
Draws Parallel With Rome
And Suggests Program of Reforms.
To the Editor of The Stiir:
In its internal problems and in the
history' of its latter years, Romp resem
bled in many ways our English-speaking
The same struggle between classes
existed then. There were Tories more
interested in profits than in the gen
eral good; and there were laboring peo
ple fighting for better working condi
tions. Also, appeasers who tried to pla
cate the enemy and Quizzlings who
wanted to surrender.
There were racial problems, too. Many
conquered peoples wrere harshly treated,
and they hated the empire. Yet on the
other hand great numbers of foreign
ers had been given citizenship. Most of
them could be trusted, but there were
some who could not be.
Then, as now, there were the Ger
mans, a race of warriors who worshipped
Thor and Odin, gods exemplifying cour
age and daring. Corresponding to the
Japanese of today, came ruthless hordes
of Huns from Asia. They gave Rome
plenty of trouble.
Now,' It seems to me that even though
we have a younger and more vigorous
civilization than Rome had then, that
the same troubles are starting with us.
To avoid them: We should lessen the
class struggle by equalizing wealth. Have
racial equality for all Americans. Make
our citizenship hard for foreigners to
get. Eliminate conflicting faiths and
unite in a modem religion based on
science. Extol courage and daring and
forget meekness and humility. Remem
ber that Injustice and greed have so
weakened former civilizations that bar
barian hordes have destroyed them.
By Frederic J. Haskin.
A reader can get the answer to any
Question of fart by writing The Star
Information Bureau, Frederic J. Has
kin, Director, Washington, D. C.
Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. Where is the boundary between
North and South America?—M. V. D
A. Geographically North and South
America are joined by the Isthmus of
Panama; politically they are divided by
the Panama-Colombla boundary line.
Q. How much oil does a horn* oil
burner use in a year?—A. L. L.
A. The average home oil burner use*
from 1,600 to 2,000 gallons of oil In a
Q. Where did John Howard Payne,
author of “Home, Sweet Home" die?—
A. John Howard Payne died in Tunis,
Africa, April 9, 1852, where he was serv
ing as American consul. On January 5,
1882, his remains were disinterred and
returned to his native land, receiving
final burial in Washington, D. C.
Haskin Qui* Book—The answer
ing of questions is the oldest form
of education—of finding out about
things. It is a check upon one’s
knowledge. The particular value
of the questions in the HASKIN
QUIZ BOOK is that they have ac
tually been asked by various per
sons—and are on subjects that
every one wants to know about.
See how many you can answer. To
secure your copy of this publica
tion inclose lf> cents in coin,
wrapped in this clipping, and mail
to The star Information Bureau.
Q. How much would the level of the
ocean be raised if all the ice In the Arctic
and Antarctic were to melt?—D N G
A If all the water resulting from the
melting of the ice in th* Arctic and
Antarctic regions were to bp returned to
the sea without any compensating
chances in crustal elevation, the level
of the sea would be raised from 50 to 60
feet all over the world.
Q Who is the author of the lines. "If
sleeping, wake; if feasting, rise"?—L. H.
A. The lines are fnyn the poem "Op
portunity,” by John Ingalls.
Q What is the name of the giant cac
tus that grows in Arizona?—S. P. E
A. It is the saguaro cactus, one of the
most remarkable trees in America. The
saguaro was discovered by Coronado and
the Conquistadores. coming north from
Mexico City in 1540.
Q How many violins did Strariivariua
make?—C. L. O.
A It has been estimated that Stradl
varius completed approximately 3,000
Q Where does all the energy in th*
world come from?—C. D. E.
A. The sun is the source of all energy.
Q What is the difference between
rain and snow, hail and sleet?—P. R. B.
A. Rain, snow, hail and sleet are all
condensed moisture from the upper air,
and their differences in character are dua
to the conditions under which they are
formed. Dew, frost and low fog are
caused chiefly bv cooling from radiation,
while rain. snow, hail and sleet are
formed from water vapor condensed by
the process of cooling that ordinarily
attends the expansion of rising air cur
Q. If a rifle is fired from a horizontal
position, does the bullet rise before It is
A. A bullet fired from a rifle starts to
fall as soon as it leaves the muzzle.
Q What .rank did the late Wl'liam
Mitchell hold during the First World
War?—R. S. L.
A. On December 29. 1941, tne Senate
Military Affairs Committee recommended
that the late William L. (Billy) Mitchell
be restored to rank of brigadier general.
He held this temporary rank during the
First World War when he was in com
mand of air forces in France, and for
several years after the war when he was
in Washington as assistant chief of the
Q How many greenbelt towns have
been established?—S. R.
A. Three. They are Greenbelt. Green*
hills and Greendale. located in the out
skirts of Washington. D. C.; Cincinnati
and Milwaukee. The idea of garden
cities comes from England, where Letch
worth and Welwyn are notable examples.
Q. Are there any plants that catch
A. The bladderwort is the only plant
in the world that catches fish. Tiny
crabs, worms and other small creatures
are caught in traps which look like little
green bladders. The animals starve to
death and after decomposition, the plant
absorbs the soluble remains.
Q. How long does it takp a baseball to
travel from the pitcher's hand to the
A. At the rate of 120 feet per second,
the ball takes only one-half second to
travel from the pitcher's hand to the
“When garments must be mended
They are but half worn out."
How clearly still her saying rings
Upon our days of doubt!
Ten children of their own she reared
And then ten more beside—
The homeless and unwanted ones
Of all the countryside.
She portioned work at plow or stove
So each within his soul
Could grmo an honest self-respect
To make and keep him whole.
For each she asked, to light his load,
A conscience quick and keen,
The boon of quiet meeting times
To grace the days between;
And hoped, in plans for each, but
That each should—to the end—
By simple kindliness, hard work.
Be truly proved ... a Friend!
VIRGINIA SCOTT MINER.
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