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Cited as Nub Of Issue » Midwest Defense Manufacturer Fears Consequences By DAVID LAWRENCE. President Roosevelt used his press conference to issue arguments to offset waves of Indignation or pub lic criticism which he doesn’t like. Just at the • moment, Mr. Roosevelt doesn't relish the rising tide of public clamor about the way the labor unions are being fa vored at the expense of all other groups in the community and he is par ticularly dis pleased that David I.»trrnf«. many citizens are becoming aroused on the subject of penalty overtime for more than 40 hours of work a •week when increased production is so badly needed in the war effort. So the President has somebody get up a lot of figures for him show ing that strikes aren't so bad after all and that common colds and respiratory illnesses subtract 160, 000.000 man-days a year as con trasted with only 30,000,000 man days lost by strikes. Presumably, the inference which fhe public is to draw is that strikes and labor disputes cannot be helped and are just natural phenomena which must be taken in our stride. The idea of a preventive for colds is within the realm of science and much progress has been made but when It comes to a preventive for 6trikes, the present administration thinks nature had better take its course and nothing restrictive from the. legislative end had better be done about it even in time of war. Provides Cue for Others. A House committee thought it would get some evidence from exec utive agency men on the subject but every one of them, as If trained in a chorus, went to Capitol Hill and sa;d strikes were unfortunate but that legislation wasn't necessary. It was more than a coincidence that such unanimity of opinion should have been expressed. It was the custom ary edict to subordinates to take their cue from the White House or else earn permanent disfavor. Pri vately, of course, some of these same officials say the labor situa tion Is terrible and that it is delay ing production but they dare not sav It out loud. Only last week the number of Strikes, slowdowns and disputes re ported in various Government agen cies and in the press showed a total of about 9,300 employes involved. It represented an all-time high rec ord since Pearl Harbor, but evi dently the White House has decided to camouflage the significance of these interruptions. On the subject of the 40-hour week, the President ajid his lieu tenants are insisting that it isn’t a problem hurting production. Yet from a Middle Western manufac turer who is engaged 100 per cent in defense work and who has a large number of employes comes the fol lowing letter: “Very few people realize the bur den which is imposed on industry by overtime rates. We read in the papers about a company paying an average rate of $1.00 per hour. How ever. this same company's over-all hourly rate becomes $1.08 If a six day week w'ith overtime beyond 40 hours is paid and becomes $1.14 per hour if seven days are worked and time and one-half paid for the work performed on the sixth and seventh days. Since industries such as ours are working 100 per cent on war orders It becomes a burden on the Government to increase the over-all hourly rate 8 per cent or 14 per rent. I doubt if any one would claim that more units are produced on the sixth and seventh days. “In companies which are attempt ing to work a four-shift arrange ment and operating on a round-the clock basis, it is always necessary to have some departments on a two-shift or three-shift basis, these departments working overtime when necessary to round out the produc tion schedule. Creates Dissatisfaction. “It causes a great amount of dis satisfaction-among the people who work on the four-shift arrangement and are limited to 40 hours per week to see workers in other de partments working 48 hours, or in some cases 56 hours and receiving overtime pay. It is almost impos sible to schedule a plant of any size without having to do some overtime work. It seems to me this issue should be clearly presented to the public. “Miss Perkins and others prattle from time to time about there being no limitation on the hours of work and that any industry is free to work 48 or 56 or even longer hours if they pay the overtime penalty. There is no refuting the statements of these people; they are just as true as a statement I might make about jumping off the Empire State Building. I would not be hurt until I hit the ground. Business in turn Is not hurt until it goes broke or until inflation arrives and business goes up the spout along with the farmers, laborers, doctors, lawyers, etc." Information like that would never get inside the administration be cause it happens to come from some one of engineerng experience Who is actually operating a plant. And such men are shut off from contact with the present admins tratlon, which maintans a "labor cabinet” and a politcal cabinet, but seems never to have thought of the Idea of a production cabinet, of ex perienced industrial engineers. (Reproduction- Right* Reserved.) The Political Mill Group Holding G. 0. P. Purse Strings Fights Davis in Pennsylvania and Dewey in New York By GOULD LINCOLN. The struggle for political con trol of the Nation’s two most, populous States, New York and Pennsylvania, which will cul minate in November's elections, is waxing hotter, in both Demo cre.tlc and Republican circles. There is a group which has dominated in Republican coun cils in the past, both nationally and in these states, which is seeking to select the guberna torial candidates — the group that held the money bags and provided the so-called sinews of war for the political campaigns. This group does not want Sena tor Davis as the party candidate for Governor in Pennsylvania. Nor does it want Thomas E. Dewey, former New York district attorney, for Governor of New York. It is the same group which has not been entirely pleased with Representative Martin of Massachusetts and his activities ns chairman of the Republican National Committee and as Re publican leader of the House. As has been said in this col umn before, the Republicans have a chance to win in both New York and Pennsylvania next November provided they do not split up. Efforts have been made and probably will continue to bring about harmony in New York between the Dewey and Willkie forces. The issue hangs apparently upon the willingness of Mr. Willkie to support Mr. Dewey if the latter seeks the gubernatorial nominaton. At present Mr. Willkie is not saying anything about Mr. Dewey's can didacy, or prospective candida-cy, for Governor. He does say em phatically, however, that he will not make any deal with Dewey which would trade his support for Dewey for Governor this year for Dewey’s support of Mr. Willkie for President in 1944. Seeks to Cheek Isolationism. Mr. Willkie's first desire today, so far as the Republican party is concerned, is to have it a sound party, a party that will not re turn to its old policy of isola tionism after the war is over. He is in earnest about this, terribly so. Therefore, he will judge the candidates for Governor of New York on their past records on foreign policy and on what they have to say about the future course of the United States in foreign affairs. What will come of this Repub lican situation in New York is still a guess, though Republican leaders here insist it will be ironed out. Mr. Willkie, although he is said by some to be opposed to the Dewey candidacy, is not acting in any sense for the wealthy group in business which look askance at the former dis trict attorney, Mr. Willkie's friends insist. Indeed, they point out, Mr. Willkie has been incor rectly labeled the candidate of big business. He is, they say, the candidate of ordinary man in the street, and they point to his employment as counsel for many labor organizations in litigation affecting the working men and women. Whether they actually do or not, there is an apparent con flict between the political ambi tions of Mr. Willkie and Mr. Dewey—at least in the eyes of their respective friends. If Mr. Dewey is to stay in public life, he must run for Governor of New York this year. Otherwise he will lapse into the back ground as just another former New York district attorney when 1944 rolls round. If he can be elected Governor, or make an extremely close race—as he did in 1938—he still remains an im portant figure in public life. Dewey Still Strong It is entirely reasonable that Mr. Willkie, who received more votes than any other Republican Sayre Expected to Arrive Monday to See President High Commissioner Francis B. Sayre, who escaped from the Phil ippines at about the time Gen. Douglas MacArthur left his post there to take command in the South Pacific, is expected in Washington Monday morning to confer with President Roosevelt and other offi cials. Mr. Sayre, on landing in San Francisco Wednesday, called upon Americans to Intensify their war efforts and to work for the even tual relief of the Philippines. He declined to discuss details of his escape or conditions on beleaguered Bataan Peninsula until after he had reported to President Roosevelt. The Commissioner is bringing to President Roosevelt a personal gift from Gen. MacArthur—a military saber captured from a Japanese officer. War in Retrospect By tfci Associated Pres*. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Yugoslavs demonstrate against proposed alliance with Axis. British King and Queen narrowly escape Plymouth air raid; Lopdon and Clacton bombed. TWO YEARS AGO TODAY Finland asks League of Na tions’ help in reconstruction. 25 YEARS AGO TODAY Allied troops take 40 more vil lages in advance between Arras and Soissons. British hospital ship Asturias reported sunk without warning. candidate for President, despite the fact he lost* to President Roosevelt In 1940, should aspire to be a candidate for President again in 1944. His friends feel that his candidacy might be challenged by Mr. Dewey, If he were Governor. With the wealthy group on the one hand and the Willkle sup porters on the other, both op posed to the Dewey candidacy— though for somewhat different reasons—there is a drive to con vince Mr. Dewey that he should step aside and permit the nomi nation of another Republican for Governor this year. Presumably Mr. Dewey could get the nomi nation if he went after it—no matter what these groups under take to do against him. Dewey is still strong with the party or ganization in the state. Mr. Dpwey has still to announce him self a candidate. If and when he does. Mr. Willkie will be asked to say where he stands on this candidacy. it has been suggested in some quarters that Mr. Willkie might go the length of supporting Gov. Lehman, a Democrat, against Mr. Dewey. There is no truth whatever in that report or that Mr. Willkie will become a Dem ocrat. He will support no Dem ocratic candidates for office this year, either for Governor or for Congress. He will support those Republicans whom he believes are sound On,foreign affairs, as well as domestic, and where he thinks they are not he will keep silent. This will not, however, prevent his support of a Repub lican whose views he likes against a Republican whose views he does not like, either In a primary election or in state con vention. With such a program he could work to defeat Repre sentative Fish of New York. Re publican isolationist, and he will do so if Mr. Fish seeks renomi nation. It is understood, how ever. that Mr. Fish is soon to go into the Army. If he does, he will resign from the House. On the Democratic side, ef forts are being made to persuade Gov. Lehman to run for a fifth term. If he does not, then an at tempt will be made to draft for mer Postmaster General James A. Farley, at present chairman of the Democratic State Commit tee, or Senator Mead. Both have declared they are not candidates. Failing to nominate any of these, the Democrats may turn to At torney General John J. Bennett. Pew Barks Gen. Martin. In Pennsylvania, the Repub lican organization controlled by Joseph N. Pew, former Senator Joseph R. Grundy and their friends, would like to see Gen. Edward Martin nominated for Governor. The organization is opposed to Senator Davis. Gen. Martin has offered to withdraw from the contest if Senator Da vis will do so. The Senator, how ever, is not going to quit. He has done well as a vote getter in Pennsylvania. The probabilities are the organization could not beat him if it tried in the pri mary. Senator Guffey, Democrat, is again the stormy petrel of Democratic politics in the Key stone State. He recently at tacked Attorney General Biddle, declaring that Mr. Biddle was trying to put across a “social ite"—perhaps former Ambassa dor William C. Bullitt, or An thony Drexel Biddle, at present an ambassador, as the Presi dent's choice for the Guberna torial nomination. Senator Guf fey has a candidate of his own, Judge Ralph H. Smith of Pitts burgh. The Democratic State Committee has indorsed Auditor General Ross, and Democrats in Philadelphia are putting forward Luther A. Harr. It looks like a terrific struggle, unless some harmony plan is worked out. Man Accused of Hurling Cat Into Lighted Furnace James Glenn, colored, demanded a jury trial yesterday when ar raigned in Police Court on a charge j of cruelty to animals brought after he allegedly threw a c4t Into a lighted furnace in the building in which he lives in the 1100 block of Ninth street N.W. Judge George D. Neilson set bond at $300 for Glenn’s release, pending trial. Robert Poplar, inspector for the Washington Humane Society, who is a complainant against Glenn, said the cat, the mother of four young kittens, escaped from the furnace when the door was opened by a janitor in the building. The cat’s hair was singed but otherwise the animal seems to have recovered, Mr. Poplar said. Parks Office Begins Nature Study Course A six-weeks course for youthful leaders In nature study will be given by the National Capital Parks Office on Saturdays from 9:30 to 11:30 am. beginning today. District playground supervisors, Boy and Girl Scouta, junior Scouts, Campfire Girls and selected ele mentary school pupils will attend the course. It is under direction of Donald Edward McHenry, Park naturalist, assisted by George Pe trides, ranger-naturalist. The training will stress human interest in animal and plant life. Students will be taught to identify 100 birds, 150 wildflowers, 75 trees and 100 insect*. “J'HE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. t Russia Next for Japan? Tokio's Military Strategy and Army Politics May Inspire Attack on 'Backdoor' Enemy By MAJ. GEORGE FIELDING ELIOT. In considering Japan's possible next moves, we should not leave out the chance of attack on Russia's Far Eastern area. The first phase of Japan’s offen sive may be said to have come to a successful end with the fall of Java. At that point, the Japa nese can afford to pause, catch their breaths and consider what next to do. They can go on to attack In dia or Australia, | or both. To at I tack India by MaJ. G. Fielding Eliot. land is. however, extremely difficult, even should upper Burma fall to Japan. To attack India by sea probably would require as a pre i limtnary the reduction of Ceylon, where there Is a considerable Brit 1 ish naval and air power. In view of the growing threat in the Pacific the Japanese naval staff may not desire to send too many ships as far away as the Bay of Bengal. JTie Japanese can attack Aus tralia, but must be prepared to face there the redoubtable Mac Arthur with a well-equipped Aus tralian-American Army. It is not at all certain that the Japanese can obtain air superiority in Australia. The decision may be to concen trate on China, the Burma road being cut and other routes not yet fully developed. This would seem j logical save that because of tempo ! rary isolation ' the Chinese front presents a less immediate threat to Japan than any other sector of the huge Far Eastern theater of war. Certainly less than the Rus sian front, at least for the present. The Japanese must have been i very nervous about the possibility of a sudden Russian attack during the course of their operations in I the south. They were racing ' against time, trying to eliminate ' every base from which the United Nations could hope to stage a come back. Having pushed us back to India and Australia, they may now think themselves sufficiently pro tected in those directions bv the factor of distance, and may there fore turn their attention to the elimination of what they may con sider the next, most serious threat— the Russian forces and positions in the Far East. Logical Development. This would be an entirely logical development of the Japanese strat egy. which is based on a determina ' tion to make Japan Impregnable in ! East Asia. Japan's isolation, the ! vast distances which separate her vital centers from those of all the other great powers, is the founda* ; tion of this strategy, which seeks | to eliminate every possible hostile base of operations in the Far East. Moreover, an attack on Russia would be a logical expectation in the light of Japanese military poli tics. There have long been two schools of military thought in Japan. One, favored by the navy, j part of the army < notably the air force) and the shipping interests, has urged the very course of action which has in fact been taken—the push into the southern islands. The other, favored by most of the army (especially the powerful Kwangtung army faction) and the vest com mercial interests connected with the South Manchuria Railway, has favored a policy of continental ex pansion, including not only the conquest of China, but the elim ination, at a favorable moment, of Russia as an East Asiatic power. This latter policy has lost some prestige of late, due to the 111 suc cess of the war in China. Now, however, it seems quite possible that the Kwangtung army leaders may think their hour of golden oppor tunity has arrived—and must be seized while the Russians are still chiefly preoccupied with Germany and before any serious threat can gather itself in Australia or India, or new supply routes be opened to Loudoun Rationing Board Issues Permits for Tires : Special Diapatch to Tha 8tar. LEESBURG, Va„ March 21—Ap plications for 32 truck tires and tubes, one tractor tire and two t.Actor tubes, three retreads, and seven obsolete tires and tubes were approved by the Loudoun County Commodity Rationing Board from March 11 to 17, inclusive, it was announced today. Certificates were issued to the following: John Louis Carr, Lees burg; Floyd W. Harris, Aldie; Alva Lee Kent, Sterling; Lester Russell Mason, Lovettsville; John Henry Rogers. Piircellville; Frank B. Wil liams, Leesburg; Max Davis, Lees burg; Leland Kline Carr, Leesburg; Beatty's Garage & Transfer. Pur cellville; Leslie Emerson Myers, Waterford; Tri-County Electric Co operative; Joseph H. Turley, Lees burg: Ice & Storage. Leesburg. Mrs. J. P. Laughlin. Leesburg; Everett* Earl Joslln, Leesburg: Ray l mond C. Hindman, Purceilville; i John Irving Kalb, Lovettsville, and Harry Edward Benjamin, Purcell vllle. Lost and Found Lo*t Ad* ond Deoth Notice* may be placed in The Star up to 12 noon—Lost and Found Ads are on page 3 every day. China. In such a case, the high command of the Kwangtung army is quite capable of launching an at tack on the Russians regardless of whether Tokio likes it or not. So far we have been considering this possibility solely from the point of view of Japan's immediate, interests and military necessities in East Asia. Prom the wider point of view of Axis world strategy, a Jap anese attack on Russia would seem to have much to commend it. If synchronized with a German offen sive against Russia's European front, it would present the Russian high command with serious difficul ties. Unless the Russians were pre pared to give up their Far Eastern provfnces without serious resistance, Siberia would cease to be a source of supply and reinforcement for the German campaign. Indeed, a war in the Far East probably would begin to absorb men and supplies which would be badly needed in Eu rope. All of the disputes, disloca tions and dissensions which normal ly attend a two-front war would arise to plague the Russian staff. It seems reasonable to suppose that German Influence both at Tokio and at the headquarters of the Kwang tung army may be working in favor of a Japanese attack on Russia this spring. It should not be supposed that such a Japanese move would not be attended with serious risks. The Red banner armies of the Far East have been reduced by transfers to Europe, but they are still formidable, highly trained, high-spirited forces. They are probably better equipped than any other troops the Japanese have faced in this war. They have large armored formations and an air force trained in ground-air co operation. Wherever Far Eastern , troops have been used against the Germans, they have acquitted them ’ selves with notable excellence, as ' in the battle of Smolensk and the recapture of Rostov. It should be added that in two unofficial “small wars," they have soundly beaten the Japanese. Red Subs Efficient. Also, there are 80 to 100 Russian submarines in the Far East and Russian submarines have already drawn praise for their efficiency from British and United States naval officers. The threat to Japan's food and coal supplies from Man churia and North China would be a real one, as would be the threat of long-range Russian bombers to Japan s crowded cities and centers of industry. However, from now on Japan can take no course, not even that of sitting still, which is without serious risks. Her position is not unlike that of Germany in the spring of 1941. when the decision was taken to eliminate the Russian menace before the air threat from Britain could become really serious, leaving the Middle East for later considera tion. Substitute "Australia” for "Britain" and "India" for "the Middle East,” and you have a curi ously similar strategic situation ' now confronting Japan. The Japanese have gambled boldly, and for enormous stakes. If they lose, they lose everything, hence it is quite logical to assume that they may continue as boldly as they have begun. They may well consider that to push on to great and more distant efforts in India or Australia would be foolhardy while the threat of Russian attack hangs over them in the north. If the Russian high command be lieves a Japanese attack inevitable, Moscow may decide to operate on the principle, "thrice armed is he who gets his blow in first” The Russians may well consider that an early start will enable them to do greater damage to Japan's vital cen ters—even a day's additional use ! of their well-located bases might i make considerable difference. It ; appears unlikely, however, that the Russians will initiate such a con flict unless they are absolutely cer tain the Japanese are about to at tack or until operations elsewhere have gravely weakened Japan's fighting power. (Copyrltht. 1342, by New York Tribune, Inc.) Death Toll Five as Bus And Automobile Collide By the Asaoeiated Prew. MEMPHIS, Tenn.. March 31—Five persons were killed and three in jured slightly last night in an auto mobile-bus collision between here and West Memphis, Ark. The dead were listed as Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Stevens of Memphis: Mrs. F. J. Shelby, 28, and small child, of Memphis, and Miss Betsy Aycock of Forrest City, Ark. The injured were bus passengers. ; The bus did not leave the highway. The automobile was demolished. ADVERTISEMENT. FIRST WARNING OF A COLD may be a throat irritation. For prompt relief from raspy throat or coughing spells caused by colds, take Father John's Medicine. It gives prompt re lief from such irritation by soothing the throat. - Father John's Medi cine also helps build resistance to colds by supplying sufficient vi tamin A when this vitamin is low. For over 85 years, millions of satisfied people have proved the value of Father John's Medicine. It is pure, wholesome, nutritive, and rich in vitamins A and D. FATHER JUTS ynqw This Changing World . 'Farm Implements' Arriving in North Africa In Wake of Hobnailed Nazi Tourists' By CONSTANTINE BROWN Nazi penetration of France's North African colonial empire has accelerated In recent month*. Hobnailed "Nazi tourists," who turned up in large numbers last fall in Tunisia, have appeared in droves in Algeria and Morocco since Oen. Maxime Weygand was compelled to relinquish his post as Vichy pro-consul of the ter ritories. They are all of the type seen In Norway, Rumania and Bulgaria during the months which preceded the occupation of those countries by the Nazis— young men of military bearing, obviously ^Hitler's soldiers. Their officers, who still wear civilian clothes, have vast sums of money to spend, and are spending it lavishly. Excursions in buses are organized weekly to show the "tourists" the beauties of the desert. They remain some times several days at the head jkjt'#a*T A / couht#:/ *% ~~ AMjCAf quarters of the various Arab chieftains and shower them with e.ll kinds of presents as special tokens of consideration from the Fuehrer. Money, even gold. Is of little value among the tribesmen, but cloth, tobacco, guns and other commodities are highly ap preciated and the "tourists” are lavishing them on their hosts. Gen. Auguste Nogues, the French resident ganeral, who was very punctilious about enforcing the armistice terms which barred Germans from Morocco, has be gun to shut his eyes to the pres ence of these healthy “tourists." This is particularly true since Gen. Weygand wa§ disgraced and placed under virtual arrest in his residence at Grasse in Southern France. Dakar Heavily eorunea. Despite Marshal Petain's friendship for Gen. Weygand many of his aides have been ar rested and his personal aide-de camp has been sentenced to a 15-vear Jail term for unpatriotic j activities. The sentence was sus pended after the marshal per sonally intervened. The port of Dakar is reliably reported to be the Axis' princlpe.l submarine base All communica tions between that West African port and the rest of the world have been suspended and it re quires a special permit from Vichy to visit Dakar. Permits are no longer being issued, but, ac cording to reliable information from persons who have pene trated the forbidden area with out permits, German submarines are at home in the well-protected harbor. Besides a few warships there are strong coastal defenses to re pulse attack from the sea. The heavy guns of the battleship Richelieu, which rides at anchor in the outer harbor, have been put on shore to strengthen de fenses of the base. The Richelieu *has been repaired after being badly damaged by the British in 1941, but her speed Is gone; hence she is not expected to go to sea or into a repair yard so long as the British control the Atlantic. She Is. however, acting aa a floating fortress and Implements the shore defenses of Dakar with her remaining 15 six-inch guns. Sailors from ships which Ger man submarines torpedo in the Atlantto are brought to Dakar and sometimes they manage to make their way out and Into British territory. German sub marines are reported to be using Dakar both as a refueling base and as a resting place for crews long at sea. "Agricultural" Tools It is apparently true that very few Nazi uniforms are to be seen in Morocco and Algeria, but there are plenty in Tunisia. The num ber of ‘‘tourists” in Trench North Africa is conservatively estimated at between 30,000 and 40,000 men. Large heavy crates are Teach ing the German missions set up. according to the provisions of the ! armisticp. to supervise the dis armament, of Trench African troops. They are believed to con tain ‘•agricultural implements" such as rifles, machine guns and ammunition. Much of the gasoline and oil received in three large cargoes from the United States between April and July of last year haa been sent to Tield Marshal Rom mel's forces in Libya. But a cer tain amount was kept at Dakar and is reported being used by German submarines. Washington's sudden change in policy toward the African posses sion* of Vichy has perturbed both French and Germans. Ar rangements had been made in January to send some ships with foodstuffs, tobacco and other es sentials to Casablanca and Dakar. But after the unsatisfac tory replies from Vichy to the # yjdjl fm State Department's request for explanation of the battleship Dunkerque's return to Toulon—a step taken in spite of agreements that we would be informed be forehand of her movements—the ships never left the United States. The arguments of French diplomats that we were playing into Nazi hands by giving the im pression that we were attempt ing to starve the French popula tion no longer impressed the State Department, which ordered all shipments to territories under Vichy's control stopped. Whether the same policy will apply to Martinique and Guade loupe is uncertain. The French authorities in those Islands, and especially Admiral Henri Robert, who commands the three ship fleet in the West Indies, have hitherto been co-operative. But there are growing indications that German submarines oper ating in Caribbean waters now may be sneaking into Martinque's ports for supplies and especially information, despite the vigilance maintained by American consuls and naval officers whom Admiral Robert has permitted to reside in various sections nf the islands. Army to Use Santa Anita As Jap Induction Center By the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO. March 21 — The Army's wartime civilian con trol branch said >est?rday that the luxurious Santa Anita racetrack near Los Angeles would be used as an induction center for Japanese i who must move from the coastal regions. The Japanpse will go to the rac ing plant at their own request, the Army said, and for their protection and convenience, until permanent residences can be arranged for them and they can be gainfully employed. Santa Anita is one of a number of induction centers being estab lished for alien Japanese and Amer ican-Japanese who must move from the military zones. The Santa Anita track has not operated since the war, because of the restrictions on large crowds in the western defense command. Looking Ahead 50 Years Tremendous Task Awaits Those Seeking a Newr Master Plan for Washington to Solve Problems of Modern High-speed Living Francis P. Sullivan, noted city planner and chairman of a committee of the local chapter of The American Institute of Architects, writing in the Editorial Feature Section of The Sunday Star, outlines the complications of shifting masses of population, of the location of new great office buildings, of the routes of proposed highways. He stresses the need for a streamlining of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and the elimination of inactive ex-officio members. The magnitude of what is to be done is clearly outlined and accompanying his article will be comments by Frederic A. Delano, chairman of the Park and Planning Commission. The Spring Offensives—and MacArthur Where will the great drives be attempted when the weather moderates? Can MacArthur turn to attack and end the long series of disastrous retreats in The Far East? Blair Bolles, in a comprehensive article explores the possibilities. Constantine Brown, approaching the subject from a differ ent angle outlines the serious problems which must be solved before America starts marching forward. H. G. Wells in another article hits the complacency of some high-placed Britons and Felix Morley discusses the likelihood of a greater centralization of authority here before peace can be won. An excellent section of thought provoking material. TOMORROW, SVNDAY, MARCH 22, /iV §flje jsundaij Call National 5000 for roaular dal ivory Sunday and Doily McLemore— U. S. Needs Bureau Of House Cleaning By HENRY McLEMORE. As of 20 minutes ago (Mickey Mouse watch time) there were 282 governmental agencies operating in Washington. Of course, there may H#nrj IfeLemor#. be several more by now because there are execu tives loose in this town who count that min ute lost which does not produce a new agency. The 282 known ones—they were listed recently by Director Harold D. Smith of the Bureau of the Budget— range from the Alaska Communica tions' System and the Bureau of Mines (except helium production) to the Beltsville. Research Center and the Smithsonian Institution (In cluding the National Gallery of Art). Nothing in this country has flour ished so beautifully in the past few yevs as Government agencies. They have grown like kittens in a dairy. At the end of 1932 there were only 37 independent agencies, employing a total of 66,302 workers. Now, 10 years later, there are 207 - 214 Uncle Samuel employes in Washington. ’No, there are more than that. Those figures, and they’re official ones, were issued at the end of last December. Now. and were using the minimum estimate of sev eral of Washington’s best, unofficial statisticians, there are between 225,. 000 and 230.000 doing one kind of work or another. * * * * This Is a heap of workers. A real heap of workers when you remem ber that at the peak of Government, employment in World War I there wot 118,000. There were roughly 70.000 new workers brought to Washington during 1917 and 1918. The W'orld War II rush to Wash ington hasn’t stopped"by any means. So many men and women are still pouring into this city that housing has stopped being a problem and I become a nightmare. The place is ! so congested that it Is dangerous to i wave your hand to a friend because there’s always a chance there won't j be room enough for you to get it down again. But the congestion apparently hasn’t frightened anv one. There is talk now of adding 85.000 more workers before the end of the year. What do all of these workers do? Frankly, I don't know. Neither does any one else whom I have asked. 3ut the general feeling In this neigh borhood seems to be that there is more overlapping in Washington than there Is on a shingled roof. A lot of people who have been around ; Washington a long time suspect that a great deal of the governmental work is being done in triplicate—not carbon copy triplicate, but human triplicate. They suspect that the various agencies get in one another's hair, so to speak, and that there is a solid need for another or 283d agency, which could be called the Bureau of House Cleaning. * * * • It seems to me that spring, which is almost upon us. if my almanac is not up to some high-jinks, would be a good time to create the Bureau of House Cleaning. The director of the bureau would be nothing more than a governmental housewife. If my Aunt Pet were alive she would be a good one for the job. When spring came she cleaned house so thoroughly and so completely got rid of the useless things that had accumulated during the winter, that one year her husband, Uncle Jim, disappeared and never has shown up since. who knows but what there are thousands of "Uncle Jims" in Washington? Who knows but what a national house cleaner, wielding a broom heavy with authority, would find thousands of useless jobs cre ated by agencies on the grounds that i they (the agencies) were a necessary part of the war effort and must be brought to full wartime strength, just as the Army, Navy and ma rines? Common sense tells you that in time of war many of the agencies must of necessity undergo tremen dous expansion. But common sense also tells you that there aren’t 282 agencies vital to a war effort, no matter how complete that effort Is. When the first robin sounds his spring song why not get the Gov ernment's rugs out on the line for beating; the curtains down for cleaning; the blankets out for wash ing and airing,' and all the rummage out for inspection and sorting. The House Cleaners might find all manner of things. hr McNaurht Hmdicat*. Inc.) 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