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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 3-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Morkcts—Soles, Page 11. Readers Prefer The Star The 8tar's afternoon and evening circulation is more than double that of any other Washington newspaper, Its total circulation in Washington Jar exceeds that of any of its contem poraries in the morning or on Sunday. UP) Means Aeeociated Press. 90th A EAR. NA. 3o, 153. WASHINGTON, D. SATURDAY, MARCH 21, 1942 THREE CENTS. Jap Cruiser Sunk, Another Hit At Rabaui by Allied Warplanes; Foe Pounded in Philippine Raid 4 Nipponese Bombers Strike at 2 Places In Western Australia By 'bf Associated Press. CANBERRA. Australia. March 21.—The aerial defenders nf Australia's northeastern sea ap proaches within the last 24 hours have left one heavy Japa nese cruiser sinking in the har bor at Rabaul. New Britain, and another heavily damaged, two communiques disclosed today. The latest report on yesterday's smash at Japan's left wing of con quest, adding one cruiser to the score of tnose damaged, also told of continual enemy reconnaissance over areas of New Guinea and Papua. Early today a Japanese heavy bomber was driven off from Port Moresby. New Guinea's port capital, by anti-aircraft fire. Bomb Two Australian Plares. The Japanese had struck at two places on the west coast of Austra lia itself. Targets of the Japanese raids were the ports of Broome and Derby, which are situated respectively about 600 and 675 miles southwest of oft bombed Darwin. Derby—which had not previously been bombed—was attacked by two Japanese planes which thrice swept low over the town with machine guns crackling, a communique said. No damage or casualties were re ported there, but at Broome a force of heavy bombers protected by fighters dropped 50 bombs on the civilian airport, killing one civilian and damaging several commercial aircraft. Small Ship Attacked. A lone Japanese plane also at tacked a small ship off Darwin, fir ing 500 rounds without doing any damage, the announcement declared The attacks at Japanese Rabaul brought to 29 the number of Japa nese warships and merchant vessels officially reported sunk or damaged in waters north of Australia in less than two weeks. Another Japanese cruiser was re ported badly damaged, along with two merchant ships, in an air attack on Rabaul last Wednesday. Prime Minister John Curtin, who reported the new assault, said Aus Head Hunters Battle In New Guinea, Peril Whites Still in Area By th» Associated Press. SYDNEY. Australia. March 21 4/P\.—The Port Moresby corre spondent of the Sydney Sun re ported todav that the war in New Guinea likely would be complicated by outbreaks of headhunting by cannibals from the Sepik River area, where the worlds wildest trite may be found. It was said thp whites re maining in the area already were threatened 1. the out break of tribal warfare and that some native police have joined marauders in holding up and robbing friendly natives. tralian aircraft also had carried out a raid yesterday on Saumliki. on the Dutch island of Yamdena, 300 miies north of Australia. "Enemy installations were bombed, but the results were not fully ob served," Mr. Curtin declared. The planes which took part in the new assault all returned to base after dodging heavy anti-aircraft fire and beating off an attack by Japanese fighters, he said. Mr. Curtin's first announcement said: "Allied aircraft carried out a suc cessful operation against enemy warships at Rabaul yesterday. "It is reported that a Japanese heavy cruiser was set on fire and sunk. The attack was made in day light in the face of heavy anti-air-, craft fire from the ground and ships in the harbor. "Operating at great height. Al lied aircraft directed their attack against the heavy cruiser. •‘The first bombs, dropped from 27.000 feet, recorded several near misses close to the bow and stern of the cruiser. "Enemy fighters then engaged the Allied bombers. Two attacks were driven off and one enemy 'O (Navy) fighter was seen diving steeply. "Despite these attacks further bombs were dropped and a direct hit and several near misses were seen. All Bombers Return. "Columns of black smoke issued from the cruiser. As the bombers were leaving the cruiser was re ported burning and sinking "Further attacks by Japanese fighters followed this success. One Allied bomber, hampered by engine trouble, drove off numerous enemy attacks. All our bombers returned to their base. "R. A. A. F. aircraft operating from bases in northern territory yesterday afternoon raided Saumliki, on the island of Yamdena. 300 miles north of Australia. “Enemy installations were bombed, but the results were not fully observed "Japanese reconnaissances and attacks yesterday covered the North western coast of Australia. Short Raid on Airdrome. "Following reconnaissance over Broome, Western Australia, in the morning a medium force of heavy bombers and fighters attacked about an hour later. “The raid was short and was di rected at the airdrome. About 50 bombs were dropped. One civilian was killed and some damage was done to civil aircraft. Later one (See AUSTRALIA, Page A-3.) Jap Shock Troops Reported Reaching Southern New Guinea By tl f Associated Press. LONDON, March. 21 — Ex change Telegraph, British news agency, reported hearing a To kio dispatch on the German radio today asserting that Jap anese shock troops had reached the Gulf of Papua, on the southern side of New Guinea, and that thus "the last de cisive attack for complete oc cupation of New Guinea" had begun. The action of the shock troops was said to be synchro nized with that of forces ad vancing from the north in a oincer movement against Port Moresby. New Guinea capital on the Gulf of Papua. British Drive Japs From Letpadan in Burma Fighting Enemy Losses Heavy In Clash With Chinese Cavalry Force By the Associated Press. NEW DELHI. India. March 21. —A British detachment fighting on the Irrawaddy front in Burma has driven the Japanese from Letpadan, on the Rangoon Prome railway about 20 miles north of Tharrawaddy. it was of ficially reported today. Letpadan is an important junction point about 100 miles northeast of the Irrawaddy delta port of Bassein. The railway from Bassein connected with the Rangoon-Prome railroad at Letpadan. Earlier the British announced that the Japanese suffered 700 casualties in heavy fighting south of Toungoo. Burma, where Chinese cavalry was in action against the Japanese ar mored cars, infantry and cavalry men. Fighting on Sittang River. The official advices placed the Chinese-Japanese fighting on the Sittang River, on the left, wing of the British-Chinese line defending mid-Burma. The British said the Chinese and Japanese established contact in the Pyu area. 35 miles south of Toungoo, important British defense point, last Thursday, after the British had withdrawn on Tuesday north of Pyu. Early yesterday, the communique said, 600 enemy infantrymen, sup ported by cavalry and guns, crossed the Pvu River, only to be met by a small party of Chinese cavalry and infantrymen. The Pyu River emp ties into the Sittang just east of the town of Pyu. More Than 100 Killed. "It is believed the Japanese tried to envelop this party, but the Chi nese managed to counter this move ment and. inflicting considerable casualties on the Japanese, with drew with negligible loss to them selves." the communique said. “Over 100 of the enemy was killed." In the action at Letpadan. the communique reported, a force of 600 Japanese was beaten and dLspersed to villages around the town and later they were attacked by tanks and infantrymen. The Japanese were said to have lost 70 killed while British casualties were slight. Japs South of Letpadan And Toungoo, Tokio Says TOKIO <From Japanese Broad casts!, March 21 i/P>.—Japanese troops were declared by Domei to day to have occupied British defense positions in Burma south of Toungoo and Letpadan in operations Thurs day. Japanese vanguards crushed a tank-supported defense counterat tack and now seriously threaten Toungoo. a base of some 6,000 Allied troops, the news agency said. Independent Burmese volunteers were reported to have supported the Letpadan thrust, severing the single railway line leading to Bassein, stra tegic city in Southwestern Burma. ► - Surprise Attack by Wainwright Causes Heavy Toll The War Department reported today a surprise raid by Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright’s Amer ican and Philippine troops on | Japanese forces near Zamboanga | on the Philippine island of Min 1 danao, in which heavy casualties ! were inflicted on the enemy. American and Filipino losses were described in a communique as negligible. Meanwhile, the harbor defenses of Manila Bay were reported under "extremely heavy” shelling from Japanese artillery, which included 240-millimeter 'about 8-inch> guns. The War Department said little damage of military consequence was done. As soon as the enemy fire opened, the American batteries on Corregidor and the other three forts turned loose their own heavier guns on the Japanese batteries across the bay. Corregidor. especially, is equipped with 12-inch guns which are greatly superior in range and effectiveness to anything the Japanese have used to date in artillery actions in the Philippines. Fighting on the Bataan Peninsula continued in a lull. Brett's Command Extended. In Australia, the War Department announced. Prime Minister John Cm-tin had formally appointed Lt. Gen. George H. Brett. U. S. Army, to command of Australian as well as United States air forces operating on the southern continent. No special significance was at tached to Gen. Wainwright's raid by officials in Washington except to indicate that Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's successor in command was constantly on the alert to seize every possible advantage to harass the enemy. Officials said the reference to An*'rican trooDs on Mindanao might have been to Philippine scouts, or forces sent to the islands from the continental United States before the Pacific war, or both. The scouts, although Filipinos, are an integral part of the United States Army but limited in service in the islands. Who was in command in Minda nao was not announced. In early stages of the fighting for the large southern island, Lieut. Col. Roger Hilsman was in command of forces which were forced out of the port of Davao. 500 Miles From Bataan Front. The scene of the raid on the Jap anese near Zamboanga is about 500 miles almost due south of tire Ba taan fighting front. The picturesque city was occupied by the enemy this month. The cwmmunuique based on re ports received until 9:30 am., said: “1. Philippine theater: “In a sudd°n suro’ise raid. Gen Wainright's American and Philip pine troops on rhe island of Min danao inflicted neavy caualties on the enemy near Zamboanga. Our losses were negligible. Harbor Defenses Shelled. “The harbor defense? of Manila Bay were under extremely heavy shelling from enemy artillery lo cated on the south sho» - of Manila Bay. Intensive fire trom 240-mm. guns was c tr.centrated on our forti fications. Very little damage of military consequence was inflicted on our installations. Our guns ef fectively rrurned the fire. ‘There was no fightir; in Bataan. “2. Australia: "With the concurrence of our Gov ernment, the Prime Minister of Au stralia has appointed Lt. Gen. George H. Brett. United States Army, to the command of the air forces of Australia and the United States operaln g in Australia. "3. There is nothing to report from other areas.” Chinese Guerrillas Raid Japs' Amoy Island Base By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING. China. March 21.— Guerrillas have repeatedly raided Amoy Island, important Japanese supply base at the mouth of the Kiulung River, and Japanese bat teries shelled Chinese positions of the mainland in an attempt to dis courage further attacks, the Chinese Central News Agency said today. Gen. MocArthur's Party Dodged Jap Destroyer, Gen. Casey Says By the Associated Press. LONDON. March 21.—Four high powered speedboats carried Gen. Douglas MacArthur and 21 com panions on their daring dash from the Philippines to Australia, suc cessfully dodging a Japanese de stroyer which threatened to inter cept them. Reuters reported today from Melbourne. Details of the spectacular trip were disclosed by Brig. Gen. Hugh J. Casey, who traveled with Gen. MacArthur. the news agency de clared. The trip occupied two days and ended at an undisclosed island ren dezvous, where two big planes were waiting to take the party on to Darwin. Gen. Casey was quoted as saying. Arrangements for the journey were made in utmost secrecy. The four 70-foot speedboats—known as "Q-boats”—were made ready at dif ferent points on Bataan Peninsula and loaded with luggage and equip ment. At 8 p.m. on March 11, Gen. Casey was quoted as saying, the speed boats started up their engines and sped out to sea under the very noses of the Japanese. They traveled throughout the night through moderate seas with out sighting a Japanese ship or plane. At about 2:15 p.m. the boat in which Gen. Casey was traveling broke down and he was transferred to another vessel, which went on her way with the other two. The disabled craft was put in run ning order again after about 40 min utes of frantic work and set out after the other boats. The ‘‘Q-boats” swept on all day until they were half way to the island where the aircraft were wait ing to meet them. Just before nightfall of the sec ond day, Gen. Casey said, a Japa nese destroyer was sighted on the horizon and the passengers waited breathlessly until she was left asten. They reached the rendezvous at midnight that night without further incident. Reds Driving On Five Key Nazi Bases Vichy Radio Reports Soviet Troops Now In Staraya Russa By th» Associated Press. Russia’s Armies, crowding the Germans off balance before Adolf Hitler can launch his spring offensive, were reported storming against five key Nazi bases on the 1.200-mile front to day, and a Vichy radio broadcast declared Soviet troops had al ready fought their way into Staraya Russa. Other Russian assaults were aimed at Bryansk, Kharkov and Taganrog. Front-line dispatches said the Russians also were closing in from the north on German-held Orel, 200 miles southwest of Moscow, about halfway between the U. S. S. R. capital and Kharkov. Staraya Russa, 150 miles below Leningrad, is the base headquarters of the trapped German 16th Army which has been rut off for wreks in the frozen marshlands around Lake Ilmen. A bulletin from Hitler's field head quarters acknowledged the increas ing violence of Russian assaults, de claring that Nazi troops had beaten off six fierce attacks yesterday southeast of Lake Ilmen, in the Staraya Russa sector, but gave no details of the fate of Starava Russa Itself. "Many dead were left on the field and numerous prisoners were taken,” a German communique said. The high command also conceded that the Russians were pressing the offensive in the Crimea, in the Donets River basin of the Ukraine, and on the central (Moscow) and northern (Leningrad) fronts. At Least Five Die in Crash Of Bomber at Memphis By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS. Tenn,. March 21—At least five persons were killed when a two-motored Army bomber crashed and burned near the Municipal Air port today. Two others were re ported pulled from the flaming wreckage, badly burned. The plane took off from the air port and crashed in underbrush a quarter-mile distant. Maj. A. D. Pcrley, commander of the Army's Air Corps detachment here, identified the dead as. Second Lt. J. F Simpson, pilot; Second Lt. J. P. Treadaway, Second Lt. F. E. Budenholzer. Second Lt. R. C. Jones, Technical Sergt. V. A. Cost low. Home addresses of the fliers were not available. Maj. Perlev, who declared he could give no reason for the crash, said the bomber left Patterson Field, near Dayton, Ohio, yesterday. The injured: Lt. Edward C. Huggs. 22. of Arka delphia. Ark.; condition undeterm ined. Sergt. T. Richard Gemiem. ad dress unestablished; condition critical. Louisville Businessmen To Demand War Speedup By the Associated Pres*. LOUISVILLE, Kv., March 21 — Nineteen prominent Louisvillians have called a mass meeting next Tuesday to petition Congress to "in sure that our armed forces be pro vided with enough equipment to win their battles now, in 1942.” The sponsors’ announcement said a resolution would be offered asking that Congress, among other things, "require that there be no interrup tion of production for any cause by any group or interests." Sponsors Include William B. Har rison, former Republican mayor: Blakev Helm, Democratic County Committee chairman: Bishop Charles Clingman of the Episcopal Diocese of Kentucky, and Thomas H. Hayden, State American Legion adjutant. The proposed resolution also would ask Congress to: Assure that full 24-hour, 7-day week use be made of all war produc tion facilities; require that capital, industry, labor, the farmer and every section of the public make necessary sacrifices; prevent profit eering: stop unnecessary expendi tures of public funds and for Con gress "to quit playing politics." Navy Flyer's Sand Writing Saves Crews By the Associtted Press. MELBOURNE, Australia, March 21.—Lt. T. H. Moorer, United States Jfavy aviator, was credited today with the rescue of two crews, that of his own seaplane and another from a ship, because he directed the writing of an appeal for help in the sand of a Northern Australian beach. Lt. Moorer and his men were shot down during a fight with nine Japa nese planes. He set his flaming craft down on the water near a surface vessel he had been circling in an effort to identify it. The ship picked up the seaplane's crew but a little later was set on fire itself by the Japanese. Eventu ally the ship and plane crews suc ceeded in beaching the vessel. Two days passed while the ship wrecked men searched vainly for food. Lt. Moorer supervised the writing of a huge message on the flat beach which was soon spotted by an Australian plane. It circled, disappeared and then came back to drop supplies. (I’VE BEEN Ygl WATTING FOR,'j When Spring Comes Back With Rustling Shade and Apple Blossoms Fill the Air. —Alan Seeger. Big Ship Torpedoed; Lightning Flashes Aid U-Boat in Attack Two of 41-Man Crew Missing; Greek Craft Also Sunk Off Coast By thf As.sociatfd Press. NORFOLK. Va., March 21 Lightning flashes that illumi nated the sea for miles helped an< Axis undersea raider to torpedo and sink a large American mer chant ship off the Atlantic coast early Wednesday, members of the crew related on their arrival at Norfolk. The Navy announced the sinking today. Twenty-six survivors of the 41 man crew were picked up by a res cue ship after five hours in a life boat and were landed at Norfolk. Thirteen others were rescued by an other vessel and taken ashore at Morehead City. N. C. Two crewmen were listed as missing. Their iden tity was not immediately established. Bright Flashes of Lightning. Expressing belief that an elec trical storm aided the submarine in finding the ship, James Miller, wiper, of Pelly, Tex., told newsmen. "There were great bright flashes of lightning and you could see for miles. I think the sub would have missed us if it hadn't had this light to aim by." There were four lifeboats on the ship, but one was blowrn to bits by the blast of one of two torpedoes that bored into the portside. An other could not be launched because it was on the windward side of the ship. Chief Engineer Joseph F. Lafo of Westhaven. Conn., said the 26 men in his boat were "terribly crowded and so many of the men were sick it was hard to keep the boat's bow into the wind." Got Away in a Hurry. Seaman James Stafford of Sey mour, Tex., said the ship went down about 40 minutes after the second torpedo struck. "We had plenty of time but we worked in a hurry be cause we thought the sub would probably send another torpedo into us. We also didn’t know but what the ship would burst into flames any minute. She didn't bum and that's all that saved us.” The survivors paid tribute to Law ton Williams, an oiler, of Surgoins ville, Tenn., who remained in the engine room long enough to reverse and stop the engines in order to make the ship lose headway for safe launching of the lifeboats. The crew abandoned the ship within five minutes of the first torpedo. No one reported sgeing the submarine Big Greek Ship Sunk. The Navy announced yesterday the sinking of a large Greek mer chant vessel by a submarine off the Atlantic coast Tuesday afternoon. The 35 members of the crew were picked up by another ship and landed here. Members of the crew told reporters that the vessel was listing badly, bui still was afloat when they last saw her. Later they learned that the ship sank. Capt. Thamis Millas. master of the ship, said he saw the submarine’s periscope about 100 fathoms distant, and the wake of a torpedo boring to ward his ship. The torpedo missed the ship, which was zigzagging, but almost simultaneously a second tor pedo crashed into her port side un der the bridge. i “I gave the order to get the life I boats ready, and we abandoned ship j about 30 minutes later,” Capt. Millas ■ said. "We had sent an SOS. An air 1 plane saw our lifeboats and directed i a rescue ship to us. A plane had 1 passed over our ship five minutes be fore the attack.” Survivor Reports French And Italians on U-Boat By the Associated Press. SANTIAGO, Cuba, March 21 — Arthur Wilder, third officer on the American ship Olga, torpedoed and sunk off Cuba's north coast March 12, charged last night that French and Italian crewmen helped to op erate the attacking German sub marine. Mr. Wilder reached Santiago yes terday from Guantanamo, where he and 31 companions were taken after their rescue by an American patrol plane and ship. Mr. Wilder (See SINKINGS, Page A-3.) Open Charge Accounts May Be Restricted Bj ih* Associsted Press. Federal Reserve Board officials were reported authoritatively today to be considering restrictions on open charge accounts. At present, the board restricts only installment credit transactions. No definite decision has been reached, but indications were that the new rules—if adopted—will re quire down payments on certain types of purchases, regardless of whether the customer agrees to pay for the articles in the usual 30 to 90 days or takes the 15-month maxi mum time permitted under present rules. Present .rules apply only to such things as radios, furniture, jewelry, refrigerators and sewing machines. Down payment requirements range from 10 per cent on pianos to one third on radifts. Soldier Stabs Himself In New York Cathedral By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. March 21.—A soldier stabbed himself with a hunting knife as he knelt in a confessional at St. Patrick's Cathedral last night, police reported. His wounds were superficial, but he remained on the danger list at a hospital today because of loss of blood. Detective Arnold Kelly, describing the case as an attempted suicide, said the man thrust the knife into his chest, staggered to the street and collapsed. All insignia had been removed from his uniform. He had regis tered in a midtown hotel as S. Kemp. Eleanor Sinclair, a New : York actress whose name was found on papers in his pocket, told police she knew him as Starr Kemp, a member of the Air Corps sta tioned at Washington. She said she saw him Thursday when "he impressed me as being despondent.” War Department files do not list any one by the name of Starr Kemp, a check this morning showed. How ever, it was explained that if the man were a recent enlistee, his records might not yet be on file here. Dutch Fishing Boat Saves 77 on British Freighter By the AssocUted Press. LONDON, March 21.—A small Dutch Ashing boat has rescued 77 members of the crew of a bombed British freighter and brought them safely ashore, the Netherlands gov ernment announced today through Aneta, Dutch news agency. “After reaching open sea from a British port a German plane ap peared and circled over us,” one of the Ashing boat’s crew related. "The plane Aew off, nowever, when it sighted a larger British ship. We heard explosions of two bombs which, although they were only near misses, so damaged the freighter that the uninjured men in the crew had to take to the boats. “That was our chance.” the Ash erman continued. “We sailed up to the sinking ship and took aboard 77 members of the crew which, with our own crew, made a total of 90 men on our tiny craft. “Although our gunwales were al most under water we managed to reach port with our cargo of men instead of Ash.” Hundreds of Tires Destroyed as Blaze Consumes Shop Here Gas Explosion Spreads Flames; Cab Firm Loses Large Stock Hundreds of auto tires and tubes were destroyed today when fire, accompanied by an explo sion, consumed the interior of Victor’s Tire Shop, 209 New York avenue N.W. Valuable recapping and vulcanizing machinery was damaged, perhaps beyond repair. Police said an explosion of escaping gas apparently led to the host of telephone calls inquiring whether a •■bombardment of the city” was tak ing place. A heavy explosion could be heard plainly as far distant as the Agriculture Department, shortly be fore 6:30 a.m. By a coincidence, the air-raid siren atop the Potomac Electric Power Co. building, at Tenth and E streets N.W., was accidentally set off at the same time and people down town dashed to the streets and i looked toward the sky. Ruin of Shop Complete. 1 Ruin of the tire shop was ’as effective as if a bomb had hit it. Mrs. Victor Spivock. wife of the , owner, stood on the sidewalk, watch ing the blaze. "You save for years, and do with out everything you need, and this is • what happens to you,” she said. There was no insurance, except (See FIRE, Page A-2J Maritime Board Orders 58 More Merchant Ships By the Asroritted Press. ! Contracts for 58 additional mer , chr-nt ships—26 tankers and 32 emergency cargo vessels — were awarded today by the Maritime ' Commission. Fourteen of the tankers will be of the Cimarron type, described as one of the largest and fastest afloat, and ; the other 12 of the coastal type The Cimarron class tankers will be built by the Bethlehem Steel Co. at Sparrows Point. Md. The Mari time Commission now has ordered a total of 181 of these tankers since ' it started its emergency building I program a year ago. Lonely Idaho Bachelor Wills Children $100,000 j By the Associited Pr«*. i LEWISTOWN. Idaho, March 21 — | James A. Grier, an 82-year-old bachelor, used to sit in a parked car near a children's home here and ! watch the children play. Mr. Grier, a retired wheat grower, died February 26. His will, just pro bated, left the bulk of his esti mated *100.000 estate to the home. The only other bequest was *1,000 to a niece. Mrs. Kathryn Wolfe, superin tendent. of the home, said she had never met Mr Grier, and had not known of his Interest in the insti tution. Governor Charges Favoritism In Granting Army Commissions By the Associated Press. HARTFORD, Conn., March 21.— Oov. Robert A. Hurley protested to day to President Roosevelt against what he charged was an unpubli cized and "utterly undemocratic” method of malting Army commis sions available to certain youths, who thus would "possibly avoid the rigors of selective training and com batant service.” The Governor, a Democrat, as serted in a letter to the President that a situation which “in my opin ion gravely endangers the demo cratic foundations” of the Selective Service System had been created by the appointment “in the several New England States of committees of so called 'civilian aides’ to the chief of the Air Corps.” The Governor charged that "these committees apparently upeiai* a® a screen to sift applicants for com missions.” although "no publication of their functions and methods has been made, and the public in gen eral is unaware of their activities." "A situation of this sort,” Gov. Hurley declared, "is clearly one which the parents of our drafted men will resent. "Quite justifiably, they will ask, as in fact some have already asked me, why the sons of other people are chosen for this special treatment rather than their own sons, who have no knowledge of this system. “This question is difficult to an swer. They may even come to doubt the democratic nature of a process in which a favored few can acquire information of such a vital kind and thus possibly avoid the rigors of se lective training and combatant service." Unions Ruining U. S. Business, Arnold Asserts | Declares No Other Group Can Injure Public So Much By ths Associated Pres* Assistant Attorney General i Thurman Arnold accused organ ized Labor today of “injuring and destroying’’ independent business, and said that farmers, consumers and businessmen were “at its mercy.’’ He flatly told the House Judiciary Committee that a measure to re quire Government registration of unions and trade associations "doesn’t go far enough" in protect ing the public from practices of or ganized labor. “When you look at the entire pic ture," Mr. Arnold asserted, "the situation is putting a very substan tial handicap on the distribution of all civilian necessities. I "It is impeding the distribution of housing and food and is injuring or destroying the independent busi nessman at a time when we are try ing to save the consumer and inde pendent businessman." No Other Group It's Equal. | Mr. Arnold told the committee I that "no other group in our society" ' could do anything like the things he said have been done by labor unions. Unions alone, he said, have been able to do these things without be I ing subject to prosecution. My. Arnold charged the union! with: 1. Exploitation of farmers. 2. Undemocratic procedure, "in ! eluding packing its membership to ! insure elections.” 3. Impeding transportation. 4 Making it "impossible to get , cheap, mass production of housing " 5. Forcing businessmen to employ "useless” labor. 6 Restricting "efficient use of men and machines." "Independent businessmen all over the country are completely at the mercy of any organized labor , group," he declared. Law Held Unjustified. , The subject of labor legislation was debated, meanwhile, on sev eral fronts at the Capitol. Senator Thomas. Democrat of Oklahoma, chairman of a special Senate Appro I priations subcommittee, said that a ! week of testimony by Government production officials and organized j labor leaders had convinced him i that ‘‘Congress would not be justi fied in passing war-time labor leg islation now." At the same time. Senator Thomas said he would request another Sen ate group, the Truman Committee investigating national defense, to j look into complaints by Presidents ' William Green of the A. F. L. and Philip Murray of the C. I. O. that j pressure on Congress for legislation resulted from organized interests that should be investigated. "I will make a formal complaint for an investigation by the Truman Committee.” Senator Thomas said after listening to protests by the labor leaders. Mr. Murray told reporters that Thomas J. Wallner, president of the Southern States Industrial Council, Nashville. Tenn.. had circulated a form letter among southern manu facturers. employers and newspapers urging protest meetings and mass telegrams to Congress in favor. Mr. Murray said, of “legislation designed to destroy labor unions." “Blitzkrieg of Conspiracy.” Mr. Murray said the result was a "blitzkrieg of conspiracy on the part of labor baiters and enemies of our government" which tended to de stroy "real national unity." Mr. Green asked for investigation of a flood of telegrams from Okla homa calling for repeal of the 40 hour-week law and outlawing of strikes. He testified there had been a well organized and well financed campaign within that state under leadership of the Oklahoma Pub lishing Co. which publishes the Daily Oklahoman and Oklahoma i City Times. I At. Oklahoma City E K Gaylord, president of the publishing firm, de clared that "we know of no funds which were raised anywhere in the 'See LABOR. Page A-3?» Effect of Advertising Advertising in The Star en ables you to know about the j new things that are available in the stores. Our lives and buying habits will necessarily be changed, and using The Star as a shop ping guide will keep you well informed. Yesterday’s Advertising (Local Display) Line*. The Evening Star-83,250 2d Newspaper_31,990 3d Newspaper_ 30,480 4th Newspaper_ 22,402 Total (3 other papers) 84,872 Yesterday’s Circulation The Evening Star Friday, Mch. 20, 1942..*187,831 Friday, Mch. 21,1941..*168,921 Increase _18,910 •Return* from newsatandx not deducted and no immplea Included. Don’t fail to read tomor row’s great issue of The Sun day Star.