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He'her rooi tn*l*r modem'* to fr**h wlnrt». T*mperaf'ir*« yeaterdav Hisf *et an »i s 4) P m k>w**t: 4P at in pm From th* On':'*i) *•». w*«(h»f r»P"r’ Fu:> ne'dil* on r»*» * •* The Evening and Sunday Star Is delivered in the city and suburbs at 75e per month. The Nisht Final Friition and Sunday Morning Star at R5c per month. No. 1.5.34—No. 35,782. WASHINGTON, 1). ( .. APRIL 10. 1042-126 PAGES. * Mean* T1 \ < K \ TS. \«*orftatr(1 frfw * * * ' ‘ ‘ Daring Attack Blasts 4 Jap Cities; Chinese Retire to New Burma Line; U. S. Troops Will Aid Commandos A. .__ A -- Fires Started by U. S. Planes, Tokio Reports • • ‘h* AMKWiftUMJ PrMi. Japan announced yesterday that her capital, her two great est ports and the renter of her warplane production had been bombed by planes carrying the bright red. white and blue in signia of the United Stales Air Forre and that most of her home Islands had spout hours under raid alarm The blow fell on the heart of the emptie Bombs dropped on Tokio Yokohama. Nagoya and Kobe, the high command said, and raid alarms were In force over all Hokkaido all Bhlkoku and mast of Honshu, the main Island, covering a span of more than 1,000 miles. Thus Japan, by her own account experienced for the first time in her history the destruction and ter ror of air assault which she has visited on scores of cities, from Manchuria to Australia and India these last 10 years. The raid appears to have been the most daring of the war Delay in Full Storv. The full story, with disclosure of tire bases from which the attack uas launched may not come for a day or two, or longer. If the planes Planes Made Attack From U. S. Carriers, Tokio Paper Says TOKIO iFrom Japanese Broadcasts! Sunday. April 19.— The Tokio newspaper Yomiurl Intimated to its readers today that the planes which bombed Tokio and other Japanese cit ies came from United States air craft carriers, asserting Jaffan must be prepared for more raids "as long as lire United States possesses aircraft car riers." The paper said further: "Now that the United States has attacked Japanese territory for the first time, the Japanese nation must resolve anew to smash completely Britain and the United States Other newspapers commented In the same vein Miyako sat,d. “We have no cause to fear enemy air raids in the future because our de fence preparations arp com plete.” were American, as Tokio declares Washington may be expected to follow its policy of withholding its account until the planes have re turned to their bases. The attack came less than 24 hours after Secretary of War Stim son in Washington said the Ameri can Army was "gettinc pretty near to the stage of being ready for an offensive " Tokio could not say whence the raiders came Chungking said they did not come from China But the official report that Tokio was attacked first half an hour after noon, and Kobe 376 miles to the west, two hours later suggests an east-to-west sweep Such an operation could ha\c been carried out by a natal task force built around one or more aircraft carriers approaching Japan from the northeast, where the heavy April fogs might hide their ap proach Long-range bombers from the Aleutians, about 2.500 miles from Tokio. might conceivably have co - operated with carrier - borne craft Flights from hidden bases • See JAPAN. Page A-5 t New Rating by Japs Puts U. S. Soldiers Ahead of Chinese Associated Press BERI.IN Prom German Broadcasts. April IS The Tokio newspaper Nichi Nichi corrected the Japanese press today on a recen; statement that of all Japans foes the Chinese soldiers are the tough est. The Americans now head Nichi Nichi* list. Earlier the Chinese had been ranged ahead of the Russians (whom the Japanese fought on the Korean border in 1938 and on the Manchukuo border m 1939 British Americans Aus tralians and Indians Nichi Nichi said that the weak showing made by the British and Americans in the Fast Asia w ar was the result of the tact that an essential part of their forces consisted of native troops *>vo fought un enthusiastically In more recent fighting be tween Japanese and United States troops Nich. Nichi said the Americans proved to be considerably tougher than the Chinese when fighting under comparable condition* Time tor Action in War Is Near, Gen. Marshall, in Ulster, Says American Air Forces to Be Established in Bases All Over British Isles, He Asserts P* ?h* Pies* WITH THE UNITED STATES ARMY IN NORTHERN IRELAND April 18 Declaring the time for action Is near." Gen. George C. Marshall, chief of staff of the United States Army, said today that American troops "inevitably will join the Commandos." the British i shock force which has been raiding the German-held continent Further forecasting offensive ac tion. Gen Marshall told a press conference Dial United Slates air forces will he established in bases "all over the British Isles ’ Here for a flung Inspection of the United States contingents already in Ulster. Gen Marshall said he had conferred at length In London with Lord Louis Mountbatten. chief of the British Commandos, as well as with Prime Minister Churchill and other British 'rvice chiefs He (minted i>ut, that the United Stales Army has long trained an entire arrm corps in land co-opera tion such as the recent British dash to St. Naz.atre Nazi submarine base on tIre occupied Brittany coast, and against other important Nazi coastal installations In both France and Norway. Gen Marshall (lew here yesterday with two of President Roosevelt s closest advisers Harn Hopkins and \V Avercll Harrlman. alter 10 da's nf the most Intimate and satisfac toidiscussions with the British leaders. He made a speedy inspect ion tour and review of the bulk of the United States troops here, and then told officers these men are but the first of a "stead' flow " Tlie first United States troops of this war arrived in Ulster in mid Januan a second contingent fol lowed in about a month Gen Marshall told the unit com manders he was ‘‘very much im pressed with the apparent state of discipline and the evidence of stren uous training’’ of the American forces. Speaking to the same assembly of officers. Mr. Hopkins said production 'See MARSHALL. Page A-4 > Great Nazi War Plants Are Fired by R. A. F. In Wide Sweep Railways in France and Other Targets Blasted In Unceasing Offensive Bw ih* An>ociat*d Press. LONDON, April 18. — Thick formations of R. A. F. bombers and fighters skimmed the chan nel waves today to carry on the unceasing offensive against Hit ler-held Europe In which, by day and night in the last 24 hours, huge and lethal warplanes have left great Nazi warplants aflame deep in the German homeland. In daylight todav. Hurricane bombers sped across the Kent coast at sea level and disappeared in the haze toward Boulogne. Later. Spit fires. flying almost wing to wing and barely 50 feet above the spray, re turned from a daylight raid, swoop ing up the roast to avoid the white cliffs along the channel The Air Ministry said tlie raiders encountered no opposition at all from German fighter planes, and that all the R A F planes returned safely after attacking railway and other objectives in Northern France. The German radio reported that 33 British planes were shot down over Germany and occupied terri tory in the last 24 hours Weather Reduce* Scale. Squally weather reduced the scale of attacks which left extensive damage yesterday at Augsburg and Hamburg Nazi raiders again approached some southeast British towns where daylight alerts were sounded but thev were turned away in dogfights high above the channel In this atmosphere of offensive activity, newspapers jubilantly fea tured the United States bombing attacks on Tokio and other Japanese cities and on Rangoon. These far-flung auguries that the United States and Britain were grasping for the initiative in all the worlds battlefields prompted military experts to declare that the Allies now were hurling 3.000 first line warplanes against the Axis exerv da'. The RAF s extensive sweeps of yesterda' and today were aimed a; cutting off German submarine reinforcements for the battle of the A'lantu The bombers unloaded their destruction on the U-boat ba-e See RAIDS Page A-4 Laval Forms Cabinet, Yields to Petain as Final f Keeps Three Posts for Himself; Only Five Men Are Holdovers Ly ’h* A?'Ofi»ted Press. VICHY, Unoccupied France, April 18.—Pierre Laval. France's No. 1 campaigner for all-out col laboration with Germany, re organized the French govern ment on h pro-Axis basis today, but agreed to submit to the final authority of Marshal Petain. still chief of state. Laval won the marshal s approval, necessary under the constitution, of a 21-man government. 13 of whom have been active supporters of his pro-German policy for France. He split the civil and military divisions of government, abolished the na tional defense ministry and kept three important posts for himself foreign affairs, interior and in formation. The aged marshal, by special de cree. delegated to Laval the power to control France's domestic and foreign policies, but simultaneously p aced his heir apparent and for mer vice premier. Admiral Jean Darlan, in complete command of all land, sea and air forces, responsible only to the chief of state Pet am is expected to broadcast a message to the nation, probably to morrow, in explanation of the gov ernmental reorganization. The cab inet. which was officially presented to the marshal today in conform ance with French political tradition, will hold its first official meeting Monday Five \re Holdovers. Laval’s new government included f> ministers. 14 secretaries of state anti 2 miscellaneous officials Only fi\e of the new members partici pated in the previous cabinet of Admiral Darlan, Petain won a significant point by retaining two of his most influential friends as ministers Lucien Romier. his minister of state without port folio. and Joseph Barthelemy, min ister of justice. Laval compromised by accepting the marshal's condition that he sub mit the ministerial list to the chief of the sta'e "to whom he will be re sponsible and to whom he will give I See FRENCH Page A-8 Fire Sweeps Normandie Again, Structure Escapes Damage Three Fireboats Called to 3-Alarm Blaze; Water Sprayed Through Hole Cut in Liner I R* 'ht A*.*r-e'* NEW YORK. Sunday April 19 Fire that started in supplies salvagers were removing raged through a lower hold of the for mer French liner Normandie last nigh: but did no damage to the vessel's structure it was said at 12 25 a m today nearly three hours after the blare was brought under control Tire 83 000-ton vessel had lain on her port side half submerged since flames caused her to capsire Feb ruary 9 It Comdr. William A. Sullivan said m a ratement •'The ftres started In decomposed stores which the salvage people vveie attempting to remove No damage to ship s structure Great difficult! in fighting fire due to the fact that all entrances to compart ment in which fire was were located under water It was necessary to cut avvav covers which had been welded over in order to get water to the fire" Blare Started hv Spark. A message received by teletype at police headquarters from the West 54th street station said the blaze was started by a apart from a weld er s torch, landing on cork insula tion. A spark from a similar torch was said to have started the previous " See NORMANDIE Page aT Heavy Pressure Forces Withdraw On Sit-tang Front 'hr .Rted Pr**-* CHUNGKING. April 1R Thr main Chinese forces on the Sit tang front in Central Burma have withdrawn to a new line after many days of a powerful offensive by overwhelming Jap ! anese forces, the Chinese com mand announced tonight The fighting on the eastern wing of the Burma front continued fierce ly with the Chinese forces under the command of United States I t CVen .Joseph W. St dwell executing a difficult delaying action although outflanked and outnumbered The Chinese command said heavy casualties had been inflicted on the Japanese as the Chinese withdrew to their prepared positions’ to the rear in the fare of great pressure. British Destroy Wells. On the western flank of the Burma line, the British troops also were engaged in a rear-guard action as they continued to destroy the Irra waddy Valley oil wells despite the infiltration tactics of the Japanese seeking to save the wells. The Chinese forces were out flanked from both sides, the Chinese communique said The communique: "On the Sittang front fighting continued without abatement. The united Chinese expeditionary force, although flanked on both sides by advancing enemy columns, is fight ing a delaying action in the most, difficult circumstances against a foe vastly superior in numbers. They are not only delaying the enemy's ad vance. but have succeeded in in flicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Meanwhile, our forces have established themselves in previously prepared new positions.” Rangoon Is Pounded By American Bombers Fy th« Associated Press. NEW DELHI. April 18.—Big United Stares bombers pounded at Ran goon, chief Japanese supply base in Burma, while battle-worn British troops stubbornly fought the in vaders in the burned-out Yenang yuang oil fields. 140 miles southwest of Mandalay, it was disclosed here today. The heavy assault on Rangoon was delivered Thursday by fortress type planes, based in next-door In dia under the command of Maj. Gen Lewis H Brereton. whose United States pilots already have set fire to Jananrse troopships and a cruiser in the Bav of Bengal. Second Blow at Port. Tt w as Gen. Brereton s second blow at the great Burmese port, which the Japanese overran early in the battle for Burma Docks and harbor installations were heavily bombed and the attackers escaped undamaged Military experts expressed the be lief that a continuance of such raids on Rangoon and the long roads leading north along the Sittang and Irrawaddy Rivers would do much to relieve the constantly mounting as saults on the Allied fronts. The British applied the torch to the Yenangyaung oil fields just be fore Infiltrating Japanese attempten to save the wells by barricading highways behind the fighting lines. British armored cars and tanks cur their way through and completed the demolition. Two smaller oil fields are 50 to 60 miles north of Yenangyuang. O'Hare Leaves Phoenix By Plane for Capital B? hi- Associated Press. PHOENIX. Ariz.. April 18—Lt Edward H O'Hare. Navy hero of aerial warfare in the Orient, left Phoenix hy commercial airliner to day in response so orders to report to Washington immediately. Mrs O'Hare, who became his bride hne seven months ago. accompanied him They are due in Washington early tomorrow Lt O'Hare, who became an ace by shooting down six Japanese planes in one afternoon off the Gilbert Islands, previously had been ordered to report in the Capital April 24 He was uncommunicative about the new order, but friends gamed the impression he had been invited to be the guest of President Roosevelt a’ the White House Lt O'Hare arrived in Phoenix Thursday from San Francisco Thailand to Transfer Sect of Government Rv ’ hf A> oc :d>c Pr*>.« TOKIO i From Japanese Broad casts! April 18—A radio announce ment tomght said Thailand, occu pied by Japanese troops, has de cided to transfer its seat of gov ernment from Bangkok to another city which has not vet been selected Bangkok wall be developed as a commercial and industrial center ■ the announcement said. s More Scrap Iron for the Japanese. Mexico Offers fo Pay 24 Million fo U. 5. for Expropriated Lands Presidents Exchange Acceptance Messages; Oil Firms Yet to Act By GARNETT I) HORNER. Official recommendation for settling the four-year-old contro versy over Mexican expropriation of American-owned oil properties through the payment by Mexico of $23,995,991 over a five-year period was announced by the State Department last night Accepted by the two governments as a satisfactory basis for settle ment of what has been one of the most troublesome questions in their "good neighbor" relations, the rec ommendation by a joint United States-Mexican Commission is not binding on the oil companies in volved There was no immediate word here as to the companies' at titude. The joint commission, composed of Morris L Cook and Manuel J. Zebada was set up last November to determine the compensation due the American oil companies which had failed to agree directly with Mexico on the value of their prop erties taken over by the Mexican government on March 18, 1938. Agree on A'aluation. Evaluating the properties at $23. 995.991. the two experts recom mended that Mexico pay this amount to the United States Gov ernment on behalt of the oil com panies. with one-third being paid on July 1, 1942. and the balance in five equal annual installments The total amount of compensa tion agreed on was allocated as follows: Standard Oil of New Jer sey group, $18.391.641: Standard Oil of California group. $3 589 158: Con solidated Oil Co. group. $630,151; Sabalo group. $897,671, and Sea board group, $487,370. Sinclair oil interests, which set tled their claim in 1940 by a direct agreement with the Mexican gov ernment for S8 500,000. were no! in volved in this proposed settlement President Avila Camacho of Mex ico, in an exchange of telegrams with President Roosevelt, hailed the Cook-Zebada agreement as carry ing with it "a definite settlement of the so-called petroleum question In reply. Mr. Roosevelt declared that "Mexico and the United Stales once again have given a demonstra tion to the world that the most difficult international problems can be satisfactorily solved when ap proached with good will and in a spirit of fair play.’’ Sends Friendly Answer. President Avila Camacho said the "spirit of conciliation shown by the agreement should be considered a confirmation of his government's attitude "in its desire to grant ample guarantees to the participation of private capital" in development of Mexican resource. With the nl question "happily settled " he added, the path remains open for "redoubling our effort ' in the common struggle for the "tri umph of democracy and the defense of continental solidarity ' Mr Roosevelt expressed "the very deep appreciation of my country for the active and constructive collab oration and assistance of Mexico on the cause of freedom and democ racy." The agreement of the two gov ernments on value of the expropri ated oil properties represents a com promise favorable to Mexico be tween claims of the oil companies that thev were worth $150 000.000 to $200,000,000 and previous Mexican contentions that thev were worth no more than $10.000 000 to $20.000 000 Whether accepted immediately bv the oil concerns involved, the offi cial agreement removes the last sore spot" in relations between the two governments. Radio Programs Page E-4 Complete Index Page A-2 Stolen Ring Revealed In Maid's Stomach By Fluoroscope Called to the home of Mrs Karl Riemer. 3340 University avenue N.W. to investigate the reported theft of a valuable ring Precinct Detective Charles T. Williams arrested a depart ing servant. En route to a precinct station, the maid swallowed audibly It gave the detective an idea and he changed course for Freedman's Hospital. There the suspect was placed before a fluoroscope screen. At once, police said, the outline of a ring was visible in the stom ach. The woman was being held at the Woman's Bureau last night without charge. Two Youths Killed When Train Hits Auto at Berwyn Wreckage Carried Mile From Crash Scene By Locomotive (Pictures on Page A-2.) Two Berwyn <Md i youths were killed instantly late yesterday when a truck in which they were riding was struck bv a B. & O. express train at the Berwyn crossing. The boys, identified as William Forrester. 16. and Paul David Sny deman. 12. were the sole occupants of the truck, parts of which were car ried over a mile to College Park by the engine of the Capitol Limited. They had stopped to make some purchases at the Kfefauver grocery store, the proprietor said, and were on their way home when the acci dent haopened. It is believed by police that For rester. who was driving the truck, stopped at the crossing while a train was passing, and then pro ceeded eastward across the track apparently not seeing the second rain, headed south, that hit the vehicle. According to Mis. R B Miller. (See WRECK. Page A-2.1 Resignation of Syrian Cabinet Accepted By ibt Associated Press. DAMASCUS. Syria. April 18 — President Sheikh Tajjedine el Has sani today accepted the resignation of the cabinet and named Husni Be\ Berazi. the mayor of Damascus, to form a new government. The new cabinet includes Emir Hassan Attraeh. administrator of the Djebel Druze area as minister of national defense and Mounir Be\ Ajlani. former chief of the cabinet, as minister of youth and propa ganda. U. S. Will Operate All Seagoing Ships To Cut U-Boat Toll Several Hundred Taken Over; Navy to Plan Safest Routes All American-owned sea-going freighters and tankers were placed under direct Government control yesterday, presumably in an effort to make more efficient use of them in face of the Axis submarine warfare. The War Shipping Administration announced it had requisitioned "possession and use'' of several hun dred vessels—the last of the merchant fleet not already under Government control. This means that in combatting the shortage of shipping space for war-essential cargoes and in plan ning the safest routes for the ves sels through submarine-infested seas. Government, officials hence forth will be able to give orders di rectly to every ship in the American merchant marine, without any delay in negotiating with private opera tors In this connection, it is recalled that officials have said some of the ships sunk by Axis raiders off the Atlantic coast probablv could have avoided attack if they had followed routes prescribed by thp Navy. Rear Admiral Emory S. Land, head of the War Shipping Admin istration. pointed out that the Gov ernment previously has acquired ap proximately 75 per cent of the Na tion's merchant marine through purchase, charter or requisition. W'hile yesterday's action affecting the remaining 25 per cent brings to an end all private shipping for the duration of the war. original owners will continue to operate the vessels under Government order, receiving 'reasonable compensation" for their services. 1.000 Nurses a Month Needed by Red Cross B> tt'e Associated Press The Red Cross reported yesterday that to meet Army and Navy needs 1.000 trained nurses must be re cruited each month during the re mainder of this year. Miss Mary Beard, national di rector of the Red Cross Nursing Service, disclosed that 7.000 regis tered nurses had volunteered for war duty since Pearl Harbor Noting that this was more than the total enrollment during 1940 and 50 per cent above the enroll ment for the same period a year ago, she added: "Although the response from American nurses is heartening, the problem of supplying nurses in suf ficient numbers to meet the con stantly increasing demands of the Army and Navy still is a serious one ” New Synthetic Rubber Methods May Double 1942 Output 200,000-Ton Production in Next Year Seen; Nation's Needs Eventually May Be Exceeded B' THOMAS R HENRY, S'ar 8'aff Corresjxmdent SAN FRANCISCO. April 18 — Synthetic rubber producing plants now in operation or contemplated can turn at least 1 000.000 tons a year Buna S—the cheapest and most practical tvpe for tires. This is almost 25 per cent more than the amount of crude rubber normally required by the United States in peace time It is consid erably above previous official esti mates because of improvements al ready in progress in technical processes and plant operation About the lowest possible price is 20 cents a pound. Before the war. crude rubber from Malaya could be laid down at the dock* at 12 cent* a pound The 20-cent price allows nothing for amortization of plants It Is entirely possible that the price of synthetic rubber will be greatly reduced bv more efficient methods, so that the pnormous in dustry now being built up will be able to continue on a fair competi tive basis after the war—even if the Japanese do not destroy entirely the Malayan rubber plantations before abandoning them This is the opinion of petroleum chemists here who are providing, with constantly increasing effi ciency the chemical which consti tutes the bulk of Buna S—the syn thetic hydrocarbon, butadiene Some of the most notable progress ' See RUBBER Page A-6.) McNutt to Head Unit Mobilizing U. S. Man Power Roosevelt in Creating Commission Grants Him Broad Powers Text of Ordrr <>« Poor A-l5 ) Itv JOHN ( HFNRY. President Roosevelt yesterday created a new War Man Power Commission and vested in Paul V Mi'Nut!. Federal Security Ad ministrator. sweeping powers to mobilize American men and women for the war effort The action was taken through an executive order which seemingly confers on Mi McNutt unprece dented authority for determining how even adult in the country inav contribute in manual or mental en etgv to ttie prosecution of the war Although it is understood that outright drafting of labor and com pulsory assignment to non-military occupations would require statutory sanction, (lie order specifies that Mr. McNutt may formulate legis lative programs designed to facili tate the most effective mobilization and utilization of the manpower ” With the approval of the President, he may recommend such legislation to Congress . A White House statement Rccom panymg the order noted that al though the term “manpower" was used throughout, “it definitely in cludes womanpower, and a special announcement will soon he made with respect to the voluntary regis tration of women * • * for their mobilization in the war effort.” Hillman Named Roosevelt Aide. At the same time, the White House announced that Sidney Hill man director of the Labor Division of the War Production Board, is being appointed a special assistant to the President on labor matters. His status, the White House added, will be similar to that of Harry L. Hopkins in the field of lcase-lend aid and munitions allocations Mr. McNutt will retain his post as Federal Security Administrator, in which capacity lie already was supervising manv of the functions vested in his new office. In delegating the broad new pow ers to Mr. McNutt, the President's order named 10 specific Federal agencies which must "conform to such policies, directives, regulations and standards as the chairman may prescribe * • * and shall be subject to such other co-ordination • • • as may be necessary." The agencies named already have somp functions in the fields of labor training or supply, and any others operating within this field are similarly di rected to conform to the program of the commission. Armv, Navy Excluded. Among the 10 agencies is the Selective Service System, in which connection the White House state ment said Chairman McNutt "will have the right to issue directions and make regulations and standards with respect to the use and classi fication of the man power nepded for critical industrial, agricultural and governmental requirements. "In other words, the chairman * * * will have the power to see to it that adequate supplies of workers in industry and agriculture are provided from Selective Service registration records " The order defined "governmental requirements" as "excluding those of the military and naval forces" The general interpretation of the effect on the Selective Service Sys tem was that on instructions of Chairman McNutt it will defer from military induction men who mav be needed more urgently in civilian I See MAN POWER Page A-5 > Hershey Lists 7 Top Occupations For Deferments E> ihc A.^soc^ated Pre.>i. BLYTHEVILLE, Ark. April 18 Bng. Gen. Lewis B Hershey, Na tional Selective Service director, tonight listed in order what he con sidered the seven most important occupations on which draft deter ments should be based. They were: Munitions production, food pro duction. transportation, communica tions, health, maintenance of each and "to some degree education. "These supporting agencies to war maintenance are necessary, but to what degree will depend on develop ment of the war," Gen. Hershey said in an interview preceding his ad dress before the Arkansas Sta'e Junior Chamber of Commerce con vention. "We think society has to have all of these things and we hope we don't hate to do without any of them— but we may.'' The director told the delegates that "the local draft board has the job of .seeing If each man is in tha place where he can best serve," Senator Hatch Out of Cast ALBUQUERQUE. April 18 ./T*- — Senator Hatch of New Mexico was removed today from a cast in w'hich he has been encased since his spina was fractured in an automobile ac cident seven weeks ago "In the next couple of weeks we hope he will be able to return to his dunes in Washington," (aid Dr W. R Lovelace.